Vocabulary

Nouns
Food and beverages

Bagel: a type of bread for one person to eat that is made in the shape of a ring

Cilantro: the leaves of the coriander plant, used to add flavour to food.

Coconut:The fruit of the coconut palm, consisting of a fibrous husk surrounding a
large seed.

Comfort foods: the type of food that people eat when they are sad or worried,
often sweet food or food that people ate as children.

Curry: a dish, originally from South Asia, consisting of
meat or vegetables cooked in a spicy sauce.

Eggplant: an oval, purple vegetable that is white inside.

Fish: an animal that lives only in water, eaten as food.

Garlic: a vegetable like a small onion with a very strong taste and smell.

Guacamole: a thick mixture of avocado (= a green tropical fruit), tomato, onion,
and spices, usually eaten cold.

Kebab: a dish consisting of small pieces of meat and vegetables that have been
put on a long, thin stick or metal rod and cooked together.

Lamb: a young sheep, or the flesh of a young sheep eatenas meat.

Lime: a round fruit containing a lot of juice that is sour like
a lemon but smaller and green, or the small tree on which this fruit grows.

Meat: the flesh of an animal when it is used for food.

Oil: a smooth thick liquid produced from plants or animals that is used in cooking.

Peanut butter: soft, pale brown substance made from crushed
peanuts,often eaten spread on bread.

(chili) pepper: any of several types of red pepper (= type of vegetable) that are
used to make foods spicy.

usually flavoured with salt. Bunch: A considerable amount of things of the same kind. Competition: a situation in which someone is trying to win something or be more successful than someone else. feelings. used especially to add flavour to food or to preserve it. that moves very slowly and often eats garden plants. used to give aspecial flavour to food. Brain: the organ inside the head that controls thought. butter. as something to draw with. wet body and a round shell. It mixes well and makes every alcoholic drink apart from beer taste better. (the) Blues: A cool and delicious drink found mostly in Albert Heijns for a measly 30c. etc. Toast: sliced bread made warm. crisp (= hard enough tobreak). or sugar Ramen: a Japanese meat or fish soup containing noodles (=long thin strips made from flour.Popcorn: seeds of maize that are heated until they break open and become soft and light. and activity. and brown by being put near a high heat. water. Sauce: a thick liquid eaten with food to add flavour. Soda: any type of sweet fizzy drink (= with bubbles) that is not alcoholic. sugar. Spice: a substance made from a plant. dark brown liquid made from fermented soya beans and used especially in Chinese andJapanese cooking. in the form of sticks. and egg) and vegetables Salt: a common white substance found in sea waterand in the ground. black substance similar to coal that can be used as fuel or. . Soy sauce: a strong-tasting. Bowl: a round container that is open at the top and is deep enough to hold fruit. memory. Other Appetizer: a small amount of food eaten before a meal. Snail: a small creature with a soft. Charcoal: a hard.

. Order: a request to make. or sugar. received after passing a driving test. Plate: a flat. Skewer: a long. Dish: food prepared in a particular way as part of ameal. Pan: a metal container that is round and often has along handle and a lid. or a computer system. including a list of what food is needed for this. or a document showing this. Password: a secret word or phrase that is used to obtain access to a place. Mixture: a substance made from a combination of different substances. Recipe: a set of instructions telling you how to prepare and cook food. Dough: flour mixed with water and often yeast. Server: a person who serves food in a restaurant. Driver’s license: official permission for someone to drive a car. or deliver food or goods. Grill: a frame of metal bars over a fire on which food can be put to be cooked. during cooking. Mood: the way you feel at a particular time. Free time: time available for hobbies and other activities that you enjoy. so that it is ready for baking. Diet: the food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group. supply. usually round dish with a slightly raised edge that you eat from or serve food from. Model: something that a copy can be based on because it is an extremely good example of its type. thin metal pin used for holding together pieces of food. information. piece of food that has been cut from a larger piece.Cookbook: a book that explains how to prepare particular dishes. often thin. especially meat. used for cooking things on top of a cooker. Side: an edge or border of something. fat. or any combination of different things. Slice: a flat.

Soothing: making you feel calm. Juicy: Juicy foods contain a lot of juice and are enjoyable to eat. Other Anxious: worried and nervous. Depressed: unhappy and without hope. Adjectives For food and beverages Delicious: having a very pleasant taste or smell. Tempting: If something is tempting. Clay: containing a lot of clay. or cream. etc. Ethnic: relating to a particular race of people. you want to do or have it. it contains a large amount of oil.Stew: a type of food consisting usually of meat or fish and vegetables cooked slowly in a small amount of liquid. Strange: unusual and unexpected. or difficult to understand. behaviour.. butter. Lean: Lean meat has little fat. Survey: an examination of opinions. Warmth: a high temperature that is comfortable but not hot. Tablespoon: (the amount held by) a large spoon used for measuring or serving food. made by asking people questions. Low (= unhappy): sad or not satisfied. Marinated: meat or fish marinade. Tough: Tough food is difficult to cut or eat. Melted: having turned soft or into a liquid. Rich: If food is rich. . thin and healthy. eggs.

Chop: to cut something into pieces with a sharp tool. Secure: free from risk and the threat of change for the worse. or excited. . Boil: to reach. Steam: If food is steamed. usually over a gas orcoal fire. or to lie on thesurface of something. Other Calm down: to stop feeling upset.Irritable: becoming annoyed very easily. Verbs Cooking methods Bake: to cook inside an oven. Fry: to cook food in hot oil or fat. the temperature at which a liquid starts to turn into a gas. Cheer up: If someone cheers up. such as an ax. or something cheers someone up. or cause something to reach. Stressed: worried and nervous. Contain: to have something inside or include something as apart. they start to feel happier. Roast: to cook food in an oven or over a fire. Cover: to put or spread something over something. Cry: to produce tears as the result of a strong emotion. or to cause this tohappen. angry. or to stop someone feeling this way. Grill: to cook something on a frame of metal bars. it is cooked by steam. Cool: to become or cause something to become slightly colder. such asunhappiness or pain. Toast: to make sliced bread brown by putting it near a high heat. Close: to change from being open to not being open.

such as pain or worry. Pour: to make a substance flow. out of a container and usually into another container. a liquid. Outsmart: to to obtain an advantage over someone by using your intelligence and often by using a trick. its parts move in order to make the enginestart running.especially in a restaurant or shop. esp. by pressing. cold so that it stays fresh. Influence: to affect or change how someone or something develops. behaves. service. Turn over: If an engine turns over. Marinate: to pour a marinade over meat or fish. esp.Cut up: to behave in a very active and silly way in order to make people laugh. or thinks. supplied. Pop: to put or take something quickly. esp. to outwit. Roll out: to make a new product. Mash: to beat or crush something into a soft mass. or to force something out. . short movements. Relieve (stress): to make an unpleasant feeling. so that theresult cannot easily be separated into its parts. Not care for (= not like): to not like something or someone. usually in a refrigerator. food or drink. Order: to ask for something to be made. Shake: to move something backward and forward or up and down inquick. or delivered. Spread: to cover or cause something to cover anobject or an area. lessstrong. to be left in a marinade. Mix: to (cause different substances to) combine. or system available for the first time. Soothe: to make someone feel calm or less worried. Refrigerate: to make or keep something. Squeeze: to press something firmly.

and also. . Conjunction As well as: in addition. Lightly: If food is lightly cooked. Powerfully: With intense energy and force.Adverbs From time to time: Once in a while. it is cooked for only a short time: gently. at intervals.