1 Cagliostro’s Exposure

Cagliostro in 1786 and again in 1790 revealed his
knowledge of the plan to overthrow France. In his 1790 testi-
mony at Rome, he said it was revealed to him in 1780 at a
Strict Observance lodge operated by members of the Illumi-

Open Letter to the French (1786) — Reveals
Knowledge of Plans At Revolution in
France, Down to Specific Details
One of the leading secret society leaders of Europe in
the 1780’s was Giuseppe Balsamo. He used the alias of
Alessandro Cagliostro. Balsamo aka Cagliostro was a native
of Palermo, Sicily. He travelled to both ends of the continent
of Europe introducing a masonic-styled system based upon
Cagliostro’s Egyptian rite. (He in turn molded this rite from a
discussion of a similar one in Hutchinson’s Spirit of Freema-
sonry (1775).) Cagliostro taught that the Egyptians discov-
ered the secret of how to perfect man. He promised to teach
this secret within the masonic lodges of Europe.1
In 1786, Cagliostro’s fame had reached its apex in
three French cities: Paris, Lyons, and Strasbourg. In each city,
he years earlier had established lodges solely under his direc-
tion. However, in 1786, he was swept into a maelstrom of
allegations accusing him of corruption, jewelry theft, and

1. The Illuminati tendency of these societies is discussed in Chapter Eight
of book one.

Illuminati of Bavaria 1

Cagliostro’s Exposure

extortion in the Affair of the Necklace. Although exonerated
in the trial due to what we now know was his numerous per-
juries and the secret fact one of his lodge officers was
appointed as prosecutor, King Louis XVI did not agree with
the result.2 The king ordered the Italian to leave France and
never return.
In 1786, Cagliostro boasted in a book, published in
the form of a letter published at London, that his cause was
not finished. The letter was written while Cagliostro was still
at Paris on June 20, 1786. He had it published in London as a
short work. It was entitled Lettre ouvert au Peuple
Française.3 As Petraccone says, it “sold thousands and
thousands of copies; it was the greatest success and [had] the
honor of being translated into many languages.”4 The “news-
vendors of Paris could have sold ten times the number of cop-
ies available of Count Cagliostro’s Lettre au peuple
In this Open Letter to the French, Cagliostro prophe-
sied three years ahead of time a coming “happy revolution” in
France. It uncannily predicts highly specific details from sev-
eral major events of the revolutionary period of 1789 to 1793.
In a 1906 article in the Edinburgh Review, Una Birch gives
this letter finally the serious consideration as evidence that it
deserves. It proves Cagliostro was privy to secret plans at a
revolution in the secret society underworld in which Caglios-
tro travelled:

When Cagliostro wrote his celebrated letter
from England in 1787 predicting for the French
people the realisation of the schemes of the

2. See Chapter Sixteen.
3. The first edition was entitled Lettre écrite à M. . . . par M. le comte de
Cagliostro de Londres le 20 juin 1786. See Petraccone, Cagliostro—
Nella Storia e nella Leggenda, supra, at 112.
4. Petraccone, Cagliostro—Nella Storia e nella Leggenda, supra, at 112.
5. Frances Mossiker, The Queen’s Necklace (London: 2004) at 476.

Illuminati of Bavaria 2

Stunning ‘Prophetic’ Points in Lettre Ourvert by Cagliostro

secret societies; foretelling the Revolution and
the destruction of the Bastille and monarchy;
the advent of a Prince Egalite who would abol-
ish ‘lettres de cachet;’ the convocation of the
States-General; the destruction of ecclesiasti-
cism and the substitution of the religion of Rea-
son; he probably wrote of the things he had
heard debated in the lodges of Paris.6
Because we must assume Cagliostro was no prophet,
we can conclude that he could only write Lettre ouverte au
Peuple Française based on inside information. The booklet,
as we quote at length below, makes predictions that closely
parallel the events of the French Revolution of 1789. Despite
this Lettre Ouverte of 1786-1787 being very famous and
momentous, it has been overlooked by almost all scholars of
the French Revolution. It was only Una Birch in the Edin-
burgh Review in 1906 which finally regarded this 1786-1787
book as a key to unlock the true nature of the French Revolu-
tion. Thus, let us examine Lettre ouverte in more depth to
substantiate this conclusion.

Stunning ‘Prophetic’ Points in Lettre
Ourvert by Cagliostro
Cagliostro’s celebrated open letter to the French dated
June 1786 said in part, as quoted by Frantz Funck-Brentano:

The king has banished me from his kingdom,
but he has not heard me. Is it thus that all
lettres de cachet are put in force in France?....

6. [Una Birch] “Illuminism and the French Revolution,” The Edinburgh
Review (London) (July 1906-October 1906) Vol. 204 at 58. Una Birch
is not identified as the author. However, in her book on the secret soci-
eties, the text is identical to this article.

Illuminati of Bavaria 3

I declare to you. there will reign over you a prince who will achieve glory in the abolition of lettres de cachet. sham pity. kindly hearts. only so much light in their abyss as to perceive the impenetrable darkness that enwraps them. genius. I said it in captivity. It is only difficult to feeble souls. unsur- passed in the other arts all you want. Frenchmen: a fertile soil. I was within fifteen feet of my wife without knowing it. For six months. He will feel that the abuse of power is in the long-run destructive of power itself. is one little thing: to be sure of lying in your own beds when you are irreproachable. To labour for this happy revolution is a task worthy of your parlements. A barbarous silence is the least of the crimes there committed. Some one asked me whether I should return to France supposing the prohibitions laid on me were removed? Assuredly. Others have been buried there for thirty years. unequalled in the art of pleasing.7 Illuminati of Bavaria 4 . relentless cruelty. a mild climate. provided the Bastille became a public promenade! You have all that is needed for happiness. odious falsehood. and I repeat it a free man: there is no crime but is amply expiated by six months in the Bastille. and the convocation of your States-General.Cagliostro’s Exposure Are all state prisons like the Bastille? No one can have any idea of the horrors of that place. having. He will not be satisfied with being the first of his ministers. are reputed dead. injustice and death are seated there. like Mil- ton's damned souls. graces all your own. charming gaiety. Yes. he will aim at being the first of Frenchmen. I replied. my good friends. are unhappy in not being dead. cynical impudence. bitter irony.

Later. 1937) at 56. Again this was virtually prophetic. supra. The arrest power of the king was abolished during 1789- 1791. that is. 8. this quote above reveals another accurate proph- ecy. but they quote only a small portion of Cagliostro’s prediction. the Bastille in fact was the only prison destroyed in Paris at the behest of the revolutionaries of 1789.8 Also. supra. at 660 (citing for his quotes Almeras. He was the Grand Master of the traditional Freemason lodges.: James Pott & Co. He also belonged to several lodges under influence of the Illuminati allies in France. See Le For- estier. See “Secret Societies in France As of 1782 — The Level of Illuminati Penetration Prior to Wilhemsbad” on page 1. It was then turned into a park during 1789-1791. Les Sociétés Populaires a Paris Pendant La Révolution (Paris: Libraire du Recueíl Sirey. Cagliostro said he would only return to France if the Bastille Prison (where he had been confined)—a place he described as a house of “horrors”— would be destroyed and restored to a “public place. there were many efforts to make a prince — the Duke d’Orleans — a virtual regent of France. the power of the king to arrest citizens. Cagliostro. Also. at 282-83). Yet. Les Illuminés.Stunning ‘Prophetic’ Points in Lettre Ourvert by Cagliostro Thus. A few skeptics on Illuminati influence do mention this famous letter. abolish the Lettres de Cachet. Isabelle Bourdin. 1902) at 7-10. Frantz Funck-Brentano. in Lettre ouvert. at 123 n. he called himself Prince Egalité. In 1789.” As it turns out. Cagliostro and Company (N. was this true prophecy or inside knowledge? Orleans was a leader in the secret society hidden world.. not as a king. Felice. apparently signifying a post as leading citizen. Coincidence? Or inside knowledge? 7. 11. Cagliostro prophesied of a “happy revolution” where a prince would rise up who would convoke the states- general.Y. and seek to be the “first” among Frenchmen. He was a primary figure in the early stage of the 1789 Revolution. Note e Ricerche sugli “Illuminati” e il misticismo rivoluzionario (1789-1800). Illuminati of Bavaria 5 .

the Paris Police Commissioner Chesnon gave his opinion: “We still remember the terrible effect of Cagliostro’s letter. indeed later in 1793. In 1788. traditional religion was suppressed in France by the efforts of municipal authorities at Paris. Illuminati of Bavaria 6 . a new reli- gion. Aside from the above quote.Cagliostro’s Exposure Cagliostro then prophesied that this Regent would convoke the Estates General which had not met for 133 years. Was this prophecy or inside knowledge of a strategy? It seems clearly this had to reflect inside knowledge of the strategy to be employed to make the “happy revolu- tion.”12 9. Well. not only on the French public but throughout all Europe. D’Eprémesnil (who also happens to previously been in 1786 Cagliostro’s champion at the 1786 trial against Cagliostro over the Necklace Affair)9 in May 1788 proclaimed that taxes should not be imposed without convoking the Estates General. The Parlement of Paris. Cagliostro also wrote in Lettre Ouverte that these changes will usher in a new “Tem- ple” of the true eternal religion. This is quite a prediction.” Cagliostro in this particular made a totally presumptu- ous prediction which incredibly came true. Another uncanny predic- tion? What was the impact of this letter on the psyche of France? As mentioned before. After the Revolution of 1789. Its sale hastened the Revolution. it was immensely popular and sold thousands of copies. the feudalistic Estates were convened because a certain Parliament judge. just as predicted. For a time during 1793. only the ‘cult of reason’ could hold worship services in France.10 The arrest of D’Eprémesnil for giving this speech and the backlash is what stirred the final move to establish the Estates General. Bailey Stone. 1774-1789 (1981) at 31 (D’Eprémesnil was “the champion of Cagliostro during the latter’s involvement in the Diamon Necklace trial”).11 In other words.

Yet. such as the future Girondist leaders Etienne Clavière and Antoine-Joseph Gorsas.) In 1788. and Sabatier met at Duport’s to prepare a response. It was D’Eprémesnil. when the monarchy was considering taking power away from the Parlements to register edicts and give this to a new court Plenary. In reply. and the right of the nation to grant subsidies by means of the States General called together at regular intervals. 1901) at 352.) D’Eprémesnil.) His arrest was ordered. The last days of the French monarchy (Glasgow. He claimed Cagliostro gave a false account of how prisoners were treated at the Bastille. (Robert Darnton. the com- mandant of the Bastille wrote Pièce importante dans l’affaire du Marquis de Launay. you ignore the evidence that supports such an answer. 2003) at 96. Illuminati of Bavaria 7 . Gouverneur du chateau de la Bastille contre le sieur Cagliostro (De Grangé Publishers: 1787). Mesmer. Lafayette. 10. Mesmerism and the end of the enlighten- ment in France (Harvard University Press. now a Parlement judge. But what could be said about the other messages of Cagliostro? In 1786. who spoke in defiance on May 5th. and wrote a famous work defending Dr. then how can it be ignored by almost all major historians on the French Revolution? When you don’t want to know an answer. Cagliostro’s work was of momentous impor- tance in preparing the Revolution to come. MacLehose.Stunning ‘Prophetic’ Points in Lettre Ourvert by Cagliostro Thus.Jean-Jacques Duval D’Eprémesnil (1745-1794) was a leading defender of Anton Mesmer.” the “right of the provincial parlements to examine the edicts proposed for their povinces before registering. 1968) at 65. Soon after its first publication in 1786. Hidden depths: the story of hypnosis (Routledge. Cagliostro had promised soon that a rev- olution would: • Convene the Estates General—a feudal legislature at Versailles (which had been dormant in France for 133 years). and insisted upon the “independent position of the judges. St.” (Sophia H. Duport. preaching the reform of society along Rousseauan lines of harmony with nature. It is that simple. Just. and this became the first precipitation of the events leading to the revolution of 1789. the French government responded the best it could. D’Eprémesnil.” (Robin Water- field. along with Bergasse and Kornmann “began to propagate a political form of Mesmerism.” and in time “admitted members who had nothing to do with animal magnetism.

e delle gesta di Giuseppe Balsamo denominato Il Conte Caglios- tro che si è estratto dal processo contro di lui formato in Roma l’anno 1790. • Install a Prince Regent as leader who would end abuses such as the Lettres de Cachet.Cagliostro was sending a message to the Templar Freemasons. however.13 This same Duke was the chairman of the Wilhemsbad Congress where the Illuminati plan of a French Revolution was adopted by the Freemasons attending. The duke did not show any courage to do so then. The Duke of Brunswick’s half-hearted threat to invade France was preceded by his “extremely foolish” Brunswick Manifesto of July 1792. apparently thinking of this line in Lettre Ouverte. Morals and Dogma (Supreme Council of the 33rd degree of Freemasonry: 1871) at 823. The Queen’s Necklace (London: 2004) at 476. He wrote that the time had come “to begin the work of re-building the Temple of the Eternal. and • Establish a true “eternal Temple” for religion. This plan essentially matches the events of 1789-1793 in France.) In 1791.The alternative strategy chosen involves the Prussian leaders using misdirection. 14. 1791) at 59-60. 12. (Albert Pike. Thus. Barberri. thought Cagliostro’s letter pre- dicted a new religion for France. Compendio della vita.14 11.Frances Mossiker.See Indices in later volumes of this series. It threatened the French with total military annihilation if the king were harmed. the Illuminatus. It was the catalyst of the successful overthrow of the monarchy in August 1792. A small mob called for the Duke d’Orleans on July 13. As events later unfolded.Cagliostro’s Exposure • Dethrone Louis XVI.” code words for the dreams of Templar Freema- sons. 1789 to assume a regency. Illuminati of Bavaria 8 . The only difference is who the revolutionaries tried to install as ruler. 13. Camera Apost. the revolutionaries then requested the Duke of Brunswick. Barberri. In 1792. a different strategy was cho- sen. the Brunswick Manifesto pro- vided the pretext to deliberately cause a revolution.. E che può servire di scorta per conscere l'indole della Setta de’ libri muratori (Rome: Stamperia della Rev. See G. to be prepared to become the king of France.

com of either the Italian or unautho- rized English version. He was spreading his Egyptian Freemasonry. This prompted the Roman police at the request of the Inquisition to arrest him in December. we shall dis- cover the source of Cagliostro’s knowledge was his ties to the Illuminati. as he himself would confess in 1789. French.15 In 1791. Its original Italian title was Compendio della Vita which in English means Summary of a Life. Cagliostro’s December 1789 Testimony In 1789 Cagliostro was in Rome. Illuminati of Bavaria 9 . All the legal papers from this Roman police investigation were later reviewed by scholars. Barberri’s book was first published in 1791 in Italian. It will be referred to here as the Compendio. the Revolution followed the exact plan revealed three years ahead of time by Cagliostro to his allies in France. a Mr. Barberri wrote a book which summa- rized the testimony and the results of the police investigation. How did Cagliostro know about these plans? Was he a true prophet or a member of the underground movement that later brought about the Revolution? Predictably.17 15. and various questions posed.Cagliostro’s December 1789 Testimony Therefore. He was interviewed.16 Anyone can download a copy now from books. and showed that all rights were afforded to Cagliostro as a civilian prisoner. In response. Barberri quoted extensively from the police interviews with page 20 et seq. Cagliostro wrote out his answers. German and (without authorization) in English. He was appointed legal counsel who represented him. They regarded all the procedures followed normal Roman police procedures. Only a Prince Regent was never successfully installed yet the attempt was made.

Camera Apost. Part 1. from Italian)(Liege: 1791. Cagliostro. 1791) supra.The English version from 1791 is at http://books. (London 1791).) The German title was: Jesuiten. Illuminaten (1791). Freimaurer Cagliostro u.” All the Year Round Vol. “Remarkable Adventurers..(Rome: Stamperia della Rev. One was: Vie de Joseph Bal- samo. Another French title was Proces de Joseph Balsamo (Cagliostro). avec des eclaircissemens sur la vie de Cagliostro et sur les differentes sectes de Francs-Macons (trans.The original Italian version was G. The French version has two different titles.. extraite de la procedure instu- ite contre lui a Rome en 1790 (Onfroy: 1791). As one reviewer — the famous author Charles Dickens — similarly noted in his review of the French 1791 edition. Barberri. in Two Parts. Illuminati of Bavaria 10 books?id=AEsDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA68&dq=Vie+de+Joseph+Bal- samo&lr=&ei=c2Q8SezUDp2EzgTnruC3BQ#PPP9.Cagliostro’s Exposure Objective Tone To Compendio It appears clear the Compendio in Italian maintains a dispassionate neutrality. The English version is The Life of Joseph Balsamo etc. connu sous le nom de Cagliostro. Compendio della vita.”18 16.Charles Dickens.M1 18. 17.. 14 (London 1875) at 281-282. it is “a matter of fact little volume” extracted from 1790 “proceedings instigated at Rome” and published by the “Apostolic Chamber.

20.” (Id. Cagliostro. Until it quotes the verdict of the Inquisition.The Life of Joseph Balsamo (London: 1791) at A2/iii.) The Italian author concludes that only where there is no religion. It never appears to say anything exaggerated or mean-spirited about him. The Italian author then wonders how an “imposter” could have gained “so much celebrity” among “nations enlightened by science. but instead a well-known fact. A “fanati- cism” has “overwhelmed Europe” that has infected the “free- masons” and “Illuminati. in Two Parts. It appears clear he thinks the Illuminati are simply either a higher level within the Strict Observance or a vague group 19. He offers to make Balsamo’s life the “subject of serious and useful medi- tation.”19 He notes Cagliostro was a “very famous imposter. and much phi- losophy.” He says it is “irreligion” that helped Cgliostro. can an imposter like Cagliostro succeed.” All the Year Round Vol. it never dis- parages Cagliostro as it relates the facts. He draws no linkage to Weishaupt’s group.Cagliostro’s December 1789 Testimony One can readily see this in the Preface to the Compen- dio. Illuminati of Bavaria 11 . it has a cool-headed tone. Then the Compendio tells the story of Cagliostro’s life.” This was no slight. “Remarkable Adventurers. Charles Dickens makes a cogent observation that the Compendio “has every appearance of a genuine work more or less extracted from the evidence brought forth at the trial. While he is Catholic and the purpose of the publication is to make known facts about Balsamo. Id. 14 (London 1875) at 282. It is just the facts of his life. It contains the Italian author’s introduction. The author appears to not be aware this is the German Illuminati.Charles Dickens.”20 The Key Passages About The Illuminati There are two very brief passages filling perhaps two pages of text that mention the Illuminati in any significant degree. at v. Part 1..

Cagliostro’s account of this. Barberri apparently had no understand- ing that Cagliostro was talking about the Illuminati of Bavaria. A Spaniard named Thomas Jiminez (spelled “Chimenes” in Italian).” The meaning of the expression “aimed at France” was apparently not yet made clear to at 92. . thus... he could go to Strict Observance lodges anywhere in Europe. They then took me alone in a carriage three miles outside the city. the aim of the sect was primarily aimed at France and Rome. Jiminez said Cagliostro was ready for further initiation. There are two passages within the Compendio in its original Italian edition in which Cagliostro describes his first introduction to a Strict Observance lodge in Germany and then his initiation into a high level of the Illuminati. he encountered Jiminez again. was: I met with two men. We then transferred to a garden where I saw a man- made cave.. but they were chiefs of the Illuminati.Cagliostro’s Exposure going by that name. With the help of a lit torch. . Illuminati of Bavaria 12 . They invited me to a café.com. The Compendio introduces these passages by explaining Caglios- tro joined a Strict Observance lodge at London in 1777. it was said that. . When Cagliostro next moved on to Frankfurt- am-Main for two days.. that was united to the Strict Observance .Compendio. Barberri then explains how in 1780 Cagliostro was in Ger- many and “visited a lodge of the High Observance [Alta Osservanza]. this is at pages 111-12. supra. whom I cannot reveal. we 21. Cagliostro was then given much money to serve this lodge’s goals. and within certain documents that he acquired from [this] Freemason [body]. In the edition of Compendio downloadable through books.. in his own words..21 The next encounter proved that this first meeting was just a feeler by the Illuminati to obtain their man. introduced Cagliostro to these documents.

ch'erano nel broglio. At that point. che il Chimenes nominato di sopra era uno dei Capo principali. and it contained obligations to destroy despotic sovereigns.. N.22 and following that they would make the next blow in Italy.The original Italian of this important part of the passage is. e Venezia. “We Grand Masters of the Templars. among which my guide said he was the first. upon which was written. I cannot remember the names of all the men who signed but I will call them N. and a little later. N. but which I could not recall. and the Society 22. N. Genova. . which Mr. che il colpo determinato da questa Setta era diretto primieramente alla Francia. “e da quel di piú. I read in a certain part. N. Londra.. che pagano ogni Anno cento ottanta mila Massonici alla ragione di cinque Luigi per uno. they asked me to read from this book. nor did I know. . Jiminez [whom he met in the first contact] had been named to be the leader over [that terri- tory].” followed by oaths and expres- sions that were [meant to] horrify.. e che mi dissero proveniente dalle contribuzioni. e che la Societá ha gran quantità di danaro disperso nei vari banche di Amsterdam. that the determined blow of this soci- ety was directed primarily at France." Compendio (1791). This formula was written in blood. how it [this order] came to exist. This appears on pages 115-16 of the Compendio downloadable through books. mi assicurai maggiormente. in particular at Rome. In the middle was a table.Cagliostro’s December 1789 Testimony descended together underground about four- teen or fifteen steps. N. che io ne lessi in qualche parte. Illuminati of Bavaria 13 . . colla caduta della quale dovea poi farsi il colpo per l'Italia. upon which I saw a metal chest. ed in particolare per Roma. then entering a round room. supra. and it had eleven signatures. These signatures signified the names of the Grand Masters of the Illuminati. among which. which was written in French. of which I strongly assured myself. N. was a manuscript. Rotterdam. that they had an intrigue. at but in reality my guide did not make me.. that contained a quantity of writing.

Geneva. Rotterdam. discussed Cagliostro’s revelation about the Illuminati plan to overthrow France. and they had money available for those who stir up a movement against despotic sovereigns. and some additions. In the edition of Com- pendio scanned by books. Illuminati of Bavaria 14 . discussed in Le Forrestier. telling me also that they were ready to give me their blood [that is. this quote appears at pages 114- 116. Vol.000. at 116. Barberri does not remind his reader that Jiminez was previously identified by Cagliostro as an Illu- 23. and I received 600 [Gold] Louis happily. We then returned together to Frankfurt. where the next day I left with my wife for Strasbourg. and that each year on the day of St.” (Id. He never discusses the Illuminati again. at 95-96 (emphasis added). they offered me this variance must be attributed to a republication.. supra. when Cagliostro says that he met Jiminez again in 1786 outside Paris and was interviewed by Jiminez about preparations ongoing in France by the societies.. He goes on to talk about Cagliostro’s trip to Strasbourg (September 1780). supra. a socialist historian. Based in part on that. It includes the same revelation about the attack will “first be against France” and after that upon “Italy. Barberri never again draws any importance from the mention of the Illuminati.. See Louis Blanc. and Venice. and they told me that they would pay me each year one hundred eight thousand.Cagliostro’s Exposure had a great deal of money dispersed in various banks in Amsterdam. at 659-60 and excerpted in the chapter here entitled “Views On The Illuminati’s Responsibility For The French Revolution” on page 1 et die for him as brothers].Compendio. Finally. John they each were obligated to send to the Treasury of the Sect 25 Gold Louis. Even later. he said that the Illuminati were a factor in preparing the revolution.23 It bears mentioning that immediately after this crucial passage. They also revealed that their lodges in America and Europe were up as high as 20. Les Illuminés. Louis Blanc.) Thus. Historie de la Revolution Francaise. London. II at 81.

The same people in 1786 came to Paris and reminded him that their plan was almost ready to be launched against This appears at page 134 of the edition of Compendio that one can download through at 111 (emphasis added). . The Illuminati connection is missed by Barberri because he could not see these implica- tions from Cagliostro’s testimony. Barberri appears to suggest that this was simply the Strict Observance and Templars who were scheming. and thus this edition was obviously just a revised longer edition. he left for Bolo- gna. and thirteen days later. Hence. he then celebrated in a lodge of their rite. The google version continues to retain the “princi- pally against France” language. He moves on to the next scene. and they told me that as the leading Masons of the Strict Observance they were managing to set up the revenge of the Templars. 24. Barberri does not appear to understand the significance that an Illuminatus such as Jiminez was near Paris in 1786 consulting with Cagliostro. and the circumstances of my suffering at Paris. Barberri simply relates that later event as follows: When Cagliostro was freed from Prison after the Affair of the Necklace [1786]. “They asked me various questions about the affairs of France. directed and aimed principally against France and Italy. . Illuminati of Bavaria 15 .24 Barberri deduces nothing more about this event. in particular against Rome. he went to the Village of Passy where among many other visitors he received was Thomas Jimenez and another Grand Master. we have highly significant quotes from Cagliostro about his Illuminati masters telling him at a Strict Observance lodge of their plan to strike a blow against France.Cagliostro’s December 1789 Testimony minati leader in 1780.” In the same village. . supra. Of interest also.Compendio.

As the famous Charles Dickens said in 1875 about the Compendio of 1791: [B]ut the fact is clear enough that Giuseppe is not only an ordinary brother [Freemason]. 26. Weishaupt had succeeded implementing this plan until the 1785-1787 suppression in Bavaria disrupted his efforts in Bavaria. burning to found a sect of his own..” All the Year Round Vol. Weisshaupt — . in Two Parts. we find the Freemasons and the Illu- minati very good friends.” All the Year Round Vol. Cagliostro. At Ingoldstadt we find. especially. but one aspiring to reign. however.Charles Dickens.. “Remarkable Adventurers.Charles Dickens. Cagliostro. 14 (London 1875) at 285. Part 1..26 Dickens was correct. 14 (London 1875) at 286. and the like. in 1773 [sic: 1776]. Illuminati of Bavaria 16 .Cagliostro’s Exposure And Cagliostro’s role in this plan was a significant one. After a while. The Illuminati of Weishaupt had united themselves as superiors over certain Freemason sects: Freemasonry a hundred years ago was a very different organisation from the great brother- hood of to-day. to preach perfectibility and to regenerate the century — ..25 Dickens also comments on why Cagliostro became involved in such a project. and in Germany. Illuminati. to create a new order of masonry specially prepared and doctored to suit the palates of Rosicrucians. until the formal sup- pression of the latter short-lived society. Part 1. “Remarkable Adventurers. was intimately connected with the Illumi- nati.. It was similar to that adopted at Wilhemsbad — he was to enter into and try to influence among French Freemasons and turn them over to the Illuminati’s ends. Cagliostro was simply following the pattern of Weishaupt to become influential over Freema- son lodges. in Two Parts. 25.

”27 It seems clear that the only purpose for the attack by writers like Harrison and Trowbridge on the Compendio is these two brief pages. Barberi treats Cagliostro with fairness throughout. The only controversial part of the entire book is contained in two pages that mention Cagliostro’s initiation into the Illuminati. 27. For example. n. at 196. Illuminati of Bavaria 17 . Har- rison says we “must accept such statements with reserve. Nor does the Compendio seek to portray Cagliostro as a key player in the Affair of the Necklace of 1786. they cast doubt on this passage about his initiation in which Cagliostro is told about the plan to overthrow France. Count Cagliostro—Nature’s Unfortunate Child (London: Rich & Cowan. For a discussion of the wild fabrications that end up in Harrison’s work. the Compendio is totally consistent with every subsequent histor- ical study on the life of Cagliostro. While Harrison and Trow- bridge do not dispute Cagliostro was an Illuminatus. There are claims that the entire proceedings in Rome were rife with fraud or coercion upon Cagliostro. This passage was seized upon by later writers to be of great significance.). see Footnote 28 on page 18.d. These two pages are obviously what disturb most of those who attack the Compendio.Michael Harrison. The tone of the Compen- dio is also quite serious and not inflammatory.Debate Over The Testimony of Cagliostro In The Compendio Debate Over The Testimony of Cagliostro In The Compendio There has been some controversy about the Compen- dio. one is puzzled by what gives rise to this claim. The Compen- dio contains nothing controversial about the life of Cagliostro or the extent of his activities on behalf of the Egyptian Rite. Other than Trowbridge’s absurd disagreement whether Cagliostro’s true name was Giuseppe Balsamo. (This trial is discussed elsewhere in this series). Initially. It treats the trial in France as a closed issue.

Cagliostro supposedly reported being initiated into the Illuminati as we discuss in the text (receiving money. upon a thorough read of the Compendio in its original Italian (in which I am fluent) as well as a computerized text search of the copy at 28. (Michael Harrison. at 195-96. fiction. Contrary to the fabricated accounts by some historians who oppose the Illuminati-thesis. Cagliostro then allegedly talked with Knigge at a meeting of the Masonic order of the Strict Observance. (London: Rich & Cowan. thus indicating to us the absence of any motive to misinterpret Cagliostro’s statements. Peter Wilding. Jimenez). Harrison and Wilding alone claim the Roman police under Vatican influence supposedly reported that Cagliostro was approached by Costanza. However. however. . At this meeting. or. The Wilding-Harrison version is based upon total misinformation that falsely makes it appear Barberri identified Cagliostro as an Illuminatus to link him to the Bavarian Illuminati when no such link is drawn and no Germans are identified.e. . France to convert Louis de Rohan. Putnam & Sons [1927]) at 302-04). 198. is the friend of the theory of the importance of the Illuminati. Totally different figures are identi- fied (i. etc.. Count Cagliostro—Nature’s Unfortunate Child . n.Cagliostro’s Exposure What is most interesting is that those who attack the Compendio do so by suggesting the author of the Compendio was completely knowledgeable of the Bavarian Illuminati. Cagliostro supposedly agreed to meet Knigge. worse. Neither writer.: G. in the middle of 1780 and asked to meet Knigge at Frankfurt-am-Main where Knigge was Illuminati of Bavaria 18 . no Illu- minati leaders of Bavaria are ever mentioned in the Compen- dio. There is no mention of Knigge or Costanza.In what is demonstrable fiction. P. there nowhere appears any fact whatsoever to sup- port the Wilding-Harrison version about Knigge or Costanza.Y. an Illuminatus from Munich.).). the basis for such a sugges- tion is incorrect. Adven- turers in the Eighteenth Century (N. However. Knigge then supposedly asked Cagliostro to go to Strasbourg. The Italian author — Barberi — did not show the slightest understanding of who the Illuminati were. The implication is that perhaps the Compendio is exaggera- tion.

the most that can be said is that Barberi apparently thought the Illuminati were higher leaders within a particular Strict Observance lodge. points out the Court of Rome Process in Cagliostro’s case has been “universally cited and universally accused (we shall see unjustly) [N. 1914) at 3. In sum. towards our Bavarian friends. This shows how unlikely it is the Compendio was written to indict the Illuminati sect of Bavaria.E. Barberi mentions in the Compendio the Illu- minati by name only twice. of being a dishonest record of the facts.B. He does so once in passing and the other time in the passage in which Cagliostro describes his initiation and commission by the Illuminati. This point is made by Petraccone. The criticism is generally conclusory and illogical. After reading the quote and the entire Compendio. Even the final verdict that mentions the Illuminati merely refers to “another” sect “vulgarly called the Illuminati.Debate Over The Testimony of Cagliostro In The Compendio Rather. as some other respected historians have pointed out.: Petraccone’s words].”29 29. Barberi dis- plays complete ignorance and lack of concern. not even mentioning the legal proceedings inside Bavaria against the Illuminati. Barberi never supposed in the entire Com- pendio that Cagliostro is connected to Weishaupt’s Illuminati.” with- out recognizing it having any major importance. Cagliostro—Nella Storia e nella Leggenda (Naples: Francesco Giannini & Figli. There is another point to make about the small cam- paign of vilification against the Compendio. Petraconne. a serious biogra- pher of Cagliostro. Illuminati of Bavaria 19 . Whatever Cagliostro reportedly says about the Illuminati has all the appearance of being incidental and unnoticed by Barberi. In fact. Barberi shows total ignorance of the Bavarian phe- nomenon.

He refers to Barberi as the Inquisitor-Biographer. Petraccone pointed out that in 1881. mentioned in two articles that he had access to the police investigation papers on Cagliostro.Cagliostro’s Exposure For example. He says that one is free to disregard the Compendio because it was written in a manner hostile to Cagliostro. Yet. Moroever. Petracone’s 1914 Scholarly Analysis of Compendio As to the reliability of the Compendio itself. Its jurisdiction over reli- gious movements was absurd and wrong. Another example of a baseless attack is Harrison. that Barberi was some fiendish torturer. It is a neutral work by all appearances and its tone. on the critic side we find Trowbridge. in fact. but with the Illuminati initiation passage. suggesting. the irony is that Harrison. While it cannot be denied the Inquisition was involved in the sen- tencing of Cagliostro. Nor does he cite any fact that is inaccurate or bears scrutiny or even what por- tion is hostile in tone. Second. Ademollo. The reason he does not do so is because. with no effort at disproving any aspect of the Compendio. provides a biography of Cagliostro that tracks the Compendio almost 100 percent. He weighed the charge of any police improprieties. It reports the verdict but its own tone is dispassionate. They had been kept in a private home at Rome. without basis. like Trowbridge. These facts suggest that these writers have a dispute not so much with the content of the Compendio. one highly reputable scholar. Trowbridge never quotes any disparaging language from Barberi in the Compendio. this is false. Petrac- cone in 1914 summarized the scholarly analysis regarding the authenticity of the work. He treats it as if it is 100% reliable. Trowbridge’s biography of Cagliostro tracks and incorporates almost everything set forth in the Compen- dio. it long had ceased the use of torture and it appointed counsel for defendants.30 Illuminati of Bavaria 20 . but it had reached a level of greater judicial normalcy by 1789.

..) 33.E. Musical Backgrounds for English Literature: 1580-1650: 1580-1650 (1962) at 229. Petraccone examined them and said they “confirm the content of the questions and answers of Cagliostro. later. [and] show even how well-informed his attorneys were in assuming his defense and trying to get his release. how [Cagliostro] was permitted to discuss his defenses [with his attorneys].”) 31. “Cagliostro e i Liberi Mura- tori. Another author in Nuova Antologia summarized Ademollo’s findings as that Compendio reflects a “faithful extract of the process. “Origini del Tricolore Italiano.. Ademollo wrote a book detailing the Roman judicial system’s operations in 1674-1739 and 1796-1840. 32. at 8.”33 30. .google). Cagliostro—Nella Storia e nella Leggenda.Alessandro Ademollo also was “the authority on seventeenth-century theater in Rome.. 67 at 263 (“un fedele estratto del processo.32 Then. Petraccone found more manuscripts and documents on the Cagliostro investigation at the Victor Emmanuel Library at Rome. Ademollo was also a scholar on the history of the Roman theatre.Debate Over The Testimony of Cagliostro In The Compendio Petraccone says that Ademollo was able “to fully con- firm all the details of the Compendio. dall’ altro lato non si può credere che tutto di proposito vi sia stato alterato per fine polemico.”31 Ademollo was a serious scholar of judicial operations at Rome at the turn of the prior century. .Id. how the process pro- ceeded.. dal 1674 al 1739 e dal 1796 al 1840 (Rome: 1881)(available through books. Illuminati of Bavaria 21 .”) See.” Nuova Antologia (Roma 1897) Vol.Petraccone cites Alessandro Ademollo. VII (1881). .” Rassegna Settimanale. supra. Petraconne. at 10. in a scholarly work entitled Le giustizie a Roma. and how the rights of the accused were protected.that was not altered for polemical purposes.” (Gretchen Ludke Finney.” Nuova Antologia (April: 1881) and “Di Nuovo intorno a Caglios- tro.

dottrina e avanzamento della setta filosofica ora dominante (Assissi: 1793). This group was further dis- cussed in Bolgeni’s Problema se i giansenisti siano giacobini (Rome: 1794). the author described the revolutionary activities of the Freemasons at Venice. See. "Muratori or Liberi Muratori. a work entitled Riflessioni intorno alla setta de' liberi muratori alleged the Freema- sons had a political ambition in Italy. and was 34. Perhaps owing to Cagliostro’s revelations. at 64. in the 1791 Supplemente del Giornale eccliastico di Roma. That book showed Cagliostro was already familiar with the distinct plan of the revolution as early as 1786! We are then able to rule out deliberate falsification by Cagliostro himself or the police in the Compendio on this important issue. people in Italy were voicing concern that Freemasons were plotting a revolution there. He also connected the Freemason members with the Jacobins of Italy. Illuminati. In 1790. wrote an exposé entitled I Liberi muratori schiacciati. He sought to show the teachings of Italian Freemasonry were dangerous and they now dominated the group of self-styled “philosophers” of Italy. his testimony helps date that by 1780 the Illu- minati had adopted a plan to cause a revolution in France. Cagliostro had pre- dicted such an event publicly in his Lettre Ouvert (1786). Then in the Supplemente del Giornale eccliastico di Roma of 1794. the revelation of a plan to over- throw France that Cagliostro speaks about in the Compendio did not come from the Roman police. And he reveals it was invented by the Illuminati. Conclusion Thus. origine. Illuminati of Bavaria 22 . it appears that Barberi’s account remains as a credible account contain- ing reliable information obtained by the Roman police in 1789 despite being under the auspices of the Inquisition. Massoni.Independent from Cagliostro.34 Thus. Then. 1847). Francs-Maçons. Mogaso in 1793. Vol. the author claimed that Illuminati of Bavaria and the Freemasons were dangerous to public order. Caviere Gaetano Moroni.” Dizionario Di Erudizione: Storica-Ecclesiastico (Venezia: Dalla Tipografia Emili- ana. Ed. Frammassoni. XLVII. Cagliostro in 1790 revealed the Illuminati as early as 1780 were planning a revolution in France and Italy.Cagliostro’s Exposure Unless these serious scholars are all wrong. And most important.

Relevance Of This To French Illuminati of Avignon taught in the Strict Observance (i.36 That proves: (1) the French Illuminati were serving the plans of Weishaupt’s Illuminati.See Indices in later volumes in this series. The French Illuminati headquartered in Avignon tried mounting an unsuccessful revolution in Italy simulta- neously with the turbulence in France.. and hence confirms other evidence that points to the integral connection between the French and Bavarian Illuminati. Illuminati of Bavaria 23 .35 The French Illumi- nati had agents (including Capelli and Labrousse) in Rome trying to stir up a revolution. One of their confessed objects was to assassinate the Pope. Cagliostro. and (2) the French Illumi- nati’s revolutionary activity in Italy confirms the accuracy of Cagliostro's revelation that indeed the Illuminati planned to overthrow Italy next after France.s identification of Italy as a prime target after France also helps prove that the Illuminati of France (which some scholars dispute were part of Weishaupt’s Illuminati) were part of the Bavarian Illuminati lodges. the Templar sect of Free- masonry over which the Illuminati sought to dominate). This matches the several sources which recount that in 1782 at Wilhemsbad.See Indices in later volumes in this series. 35. the Templar delegates adopted a plan to over- throw France using certain Freemason sects as proposed by the Illuminati. 36. Relevance Of This To French Illuminati of Avignon Incidentally.e.

ever ready with their deceits to encourage the supersti- tious fears. he was sentenced to life imprisonment as a heretic and for violating a papal decree not to belong to a lodge when he was not even a Catholic!37 The explanation for the Illuminati’s strategy is easy to find in their own words.Cagliostro’s Exposure Why Italy? Why would the Illuminati attack Italy? This does not require much imagination. maintaining an army of monks in every country.39 37. . . a self-avowed member of Weishaupt’s Illuminati. Sketch for a Historical Picture of The Progress of the Human Mind (Introd. assassination and parricide in the name of God . Stuart Hampshire) [first pub- lished 1795] (N.. . .Antoine-Nicolas Condorcet. 1955) at 80-81. .: Noonday Press. See Index. 38. . authorizing treason and perjury.Life of Joseph Balsamo (London: 1791) at 165. Illuminati of Bavaria 24 . so as to impose fanaticism more effectively. We shall observe her pontiffs gaining an ascendancy over the ignorant and the credulous by means of crudely forged documents. Condorcet’s historical manuscript of 1793 summa- rized his view of the Papacy and his goals for Italian unity which were virtually a prophecy of events to come: We shall see the overbearing city of Rome attempting to impose the chains of a new tyr- anny upon the whole world. . 39. Condorcet belonged to the Illuminati Social Cercle lodge at Paris38 and he revealed the primary reason for attacking Rome. . We know the oppression of the Inquisition still persisted in 1790! Even in Cagliostro’s case. sowing dissension to obtain power. It was the home of the pontiff of the Catholic Church. 174.Y.The Social Cercle was a Paris lodge run by Bonneville.

in the obvious hope the Compendio would fall on deaf ears. Cagliostro: Are The Factual Accounts About The Illuminati True? How do we know that Cagliostro’s revelation in the Compendio that he is an Illuminatus is true? First. the pope was stripped of his lands and his sovereignty over Rome. at 92. This defensive activity by Illuminati bespeaks a 40. succeeded taking over Italy in the 1860’s. an attack on Rome would serve not only to overturn the pope. the Illuminati were behind published attacks against Cagliostro. and ensured the continuance of a large number of independent societies. That story is beyond the scope of this book. They did so for the next seventy years until the national Grand Master. Illuminati of Bavaria 25 . but we can see the Illuminati were able to achieve the plan they revealed to Cagliostro. printed just prior to publication of the Compendio. Condorcet’s point was that in time.Cagliostro: Are The Factual Accounts About The Illuminati True? Condorcet then suggested the murdering.Id. In the 1870’s. Cagliostro’s activity after his initiation into the Illuminati at Frankfurt in 1780 shows the inherent plausibility of his later statements about being initiated earlier into the Illuminati. the many separate nations on the peninsula of Italy would be reunited. Giuseppe Garibaldi and his red shirts. He said. immoral papacy was the cause of Italian disunity. Also. but also to reunite the Italian peninsula. The secret societies of the Carbonari of Buonarroti and then Young Europe under Mazzini repeated this call for Italian Unity.”40 Thus. if the pope were removed. “The rivalry between pope and emperor prevented Italy from being reunited under one master.

Inc. Ford. Illuminati of Bavaria 26 .”42 At Strasbourg.. at 305. and black shoes with large diamond buckles. 43.Y. he stood and declared to one and all that he had lived two thousand years and had supernatural power.Harrison. cabalistic signs. Cagliostro flashed a new-found wealth even though in fact he had no employment and was from a poor background. He also wore gaudy jewelry around his neck and on his fingers.41 Harrison points out that Cagliostro “arrived in Strasbourg on September 19.W.Franklin L. Strasbourg in Transition. white silk stockings.Cagliostro’s Exposure knowing effort at damage-control by the Illuminati. As a throng of gawking onlookers sur- rounded his carriage. When Cagliostro stepped out after her. 1780.Peter Wilding. And it thereby validates Cagliostro’s testimony. to receive such acclamation of the populace as ordinarily is reserved for kings. the public was astonished by his tight-fitting coat of blue satin. and popular ones at that.. and mysti- cal emblems.” She came out of the fancy cabriolet carriage which was parked in the center of the city. Instead. blue knee- breeches. supra. and offered his services to the poor as a natural healer. Upon his arm was his bejeweled wife who now called herself “Countess Seraphina. Count Cagliostro—Nature’s Unfortunate Child.: W. 1958) at 197-98. Upon his breast was a blue silk sash with woven chivalrous symbols such as stars. Norton & Co. Let us review this evidence in detail. he 41. He knew nothing of medical science and rejected all of its lessons. supra. Cagliostro had his hair arranged in a white silk net. He crossed the bridge that spans one of the many canals of Stras- bourg in a six-horse carriage. at 196.43 Cagliostro soon took an apartment. 42. 1648-1789 (N. Adventurers in the Eighteenth Century. Arrival in Strasbourg Cagliostro entered Strasbourg in September 1780.

. no friend of the theory that the Illuminati caused the French Revolution. and of the Order to which he belonged. Erinnerungen aus meinem neuzigjährigen Leben (Leipzig: 1847) at 74-76. Cagliostro suddenly was well off despite still having no obvious means of financial support. at 196 (emphasis added).”44 To put it kindly. . Illuminati of Bavaria 27 . but he never charged for his services. powerful and equally dis- posed to render Allesandro assistance.Cagliostro: Are The Factual Accounts About The Illuminati True? fashioned his own pills and “heavily gilded” them with met- als because he believed metals had healing quality. explicitly ties Cagliostro to the Illuminati. Because Cagliostro a month earlier was a poor man. and that commission was to popular- ize Illuminism with the masses. . must have vis- ited someone . Count Cagliostro—Nature’s Unfortunate Child. and always had been.Ernst Wilhem Martius. He concluded that Cagliostro “was entrusted with a definite commission. . Harrison makes the following deduction that somewhere just prior to September 1780 Cagliostro found powerful allies to supply him money: It would seem .”46 44.45 Harrison. 45. he possessed many kinds of practical knowledge. . . through which he was able to build his reputation. For there is no doubt that at some period within those three months which elapsed between Warsaw and Strasbourg Cagliostro received some very great help. .Harrison. it was amazing that upon arriving at Strasbourg. A contem- porary remarked “the confidence he enjoyed was extraordinary” and “even if many of his methods [he] employed seem strange and unscientific . Cagliostro . supra. Cagliostro was a quack. but friends had been warned in that city to welcome him in a manner befitting the importance of the man. Not only did he arrive in Strasbourg obviously wealthy. .

Cagliostro’s Exposure Cagliostro’s puzzling transformation from pauper to extreme wealth caught the attention of many people who lived in Cagliostro’s day. two expensive homes. 47. he likewise admitted he had a source of unlimited credit with several bankers at Lyons. and a lavish life- style. De Rohan’s assistant confessed that Cardinal De Rohan lavishly paid for Cagliostro’s expenses at Paris during 1785-1786. The Dubious Tale of the Diamond Necklace. Cagliostro — the poorest of migrants — suddenly had servants. at 86-87. had none of their habits. on the contrary. Count Cagliostro—Nature's Unfortunate Child. What is odd is that Count Cagliostro.49 46. Cagliostro later had one other source of money that did not come directly from the Illuminati. supra. at 197. though he had all the outward opulence of that sort of person.Chamier.See Chapter Sixteen. an associate of Cagliostro’s. In testimony before Parliament at Paris in 1786 during the Necklace Trial. Baron de Bensenval of Paris.47 No doubt because of Illuminist money flowing to him in 1780. and gave away a great deal in charity. Illuminati of Bavaria 28 .48 Cagliostro confessed in testimony given in 1790 that he obtained this money from the Illuminati. He lived in a very good style. By 1781. cooks. he never took a penny from anyone. supra. 48. while he lived at Strasbourg and Paris.Harrison. and always paid very punctu- ally. These must be the same bankers that Cagliostro was told in his Illuminati initiation of 1780 would provide lines of credit if he served the Illuminati. noted in his diary that Cagliostro had no obvious means of support but he was flow- ing with money. although no one knew where the money came from.

The Essai was another trouble- some exposure of the Illuminati Order the same year. supra.) Incidentally. It was enti- tled Cagliostro etait-il chef des Illuminés? (“Cagliostro—is he a chief of the Illuminati?”)50 Its German version was entitled Ist Cagliostro Chef der Illuminaten? (Gotha 1790. what were the source of Cagliostro’s resources during 1780-1785? How was his lavish life-style maintained at that juncture? No doubt. This is discussed in a separate volume in this series. Les Illuminés. The Illuminati’s good fortune emerged later in 1786 when Cagliostro actually struck a serious blow at the Monarchy's reputation in what is called the Affair of the Necklace. Illuminati of Bavaria 29 .See Chapter Sixteen. launched an anonymous book in May 1790 in French which attacked Cagliostro.51 We 49. this book combined a second book (iden- tified by a subtitle) — a translation of De Luchet’s Essai sur la secte des Illuminés (1790). Bode’s 1790 Pamphlet Before Cagliostro’s deposition was even published. beginning in 1780. 50. 1790. Thus. the Illuminati were bankrolling Cagliostro.Illuminati Disinformation Campaign However. Illuminati Disinformation Campaign Another sign of the truth of Cagliostro’s revelations is the reaction of the Illuminati to Cagliostro’s arrest. the Illuminati were obvi- ously paying for Cagliostro’s service to undermine the French Monarchy. as Cagliostro later admitted and as Harrison in effect concedes. Bode.Le Forestier. Le Forestier says Bode wrote in his private journal that he wrote this anonymous pamphlet on May 12. at 661. the Illuminati chief.

Les Illuminés. 1790). Boyle there mentions De Luchet’s book was identified in the tite — “trans.Cagliostro’s Exposure can see that the Illuminati adopted a strategy of destroying exposures by taking control of the manuscript and translating them with their spins. second in rank within the Illuminati.53And this he began to write in 1790 even before a single word in the Compendio from Cagliostro was published in 1791! 51. was a lodge leader. Meanwhile.(Gotha. 53. unquestionably. earlier had tried to attack De Luchet’s Essay by suggesting the idea that the Essay talked about a sect of Illuminati that was really the Rosicrucians. Bode also said in 1790 in Cagliostro etait-il chef des Illumines? that any notion Cagliostro was a planner of a com- ing French revolution was a fable.Knigge. Also Marc Haven (Emanuel Lalande) in Le Maître inconnu Cagliostro. Encyclopädie der Freimaurerei (1824) at 239. but other Illuminati who were mystics and bizarre religious fanatics at Berlin. Illuminati of Bavaria 30 . in Ist Cagliostro Chef der Illuminaten?.. Ist Cagliostro Chef de Illuminaten. at 661. The Illuminati had infiltrated the Strict Observance. supra. another Illuminati leader. Other citations to this 1790 book confirm Bode as the origin: Friedrich Mossdorf. Etude historique et critique sur la haute magie. Goethe (2000) at 796. Oder.52 However. Bode said Cagliostro was not involved with the Bavarian Illu- minati at all. Etude historique et cri- tique sur la haute magic (1906)(reprint Paris 1932) at 316 explains Bode was the translator of the Essai of De Luchet and the author of the comments upon it. Cagliostro was a member of the Bavarian Illuminati.Le Forestier. 52. Bode was spreading disinformation to deflect what Bode knew Cagliostro could say about the Illuminati..Nicholas Boyle. das Buch: Sur la secte des Illuminés in Deut- sch. Thus.. Cagliostro’s initiation took place at the Frankfurt Strict Observance lodge where Knigge.

grin. This was contrary to what De Luchet claimed in 1785 was the Illuminati’s scheme. Goethe wrote a Masonic comedy called The Grand Kophta [Der Grosse Cophta] which was meant to ridicule Cagliostro as a mystic figure who could not be taken 55142/goethes-gross-cophta-und-der-verfall-des-ancien-regime (accessed 12/9/08). 1991). Illuminati of Bavaria 31 . in Goethe’s account. I The Poet of Desire (1749-1790) (Oxford: Clarendon Press. played no role in the Affair of the Necklace. the story goes along two lines: the Count [Cagliostro] has nothing to do with the fraud as the Marquise [La Motte] agreed.Nicholas Boyle. provided a fabricated version that reversed her testimony in the trial process. Goethe—The Poet & The Age Vol. in 1790 poured ridicule on Cagliostro. Goethe’s play completely disap- pointed the public’s anticipation for drama because Caglios- tro. 55.Illuminati Disinformation Campaign Goethe’s Masonic Comedy of 1790 While Goethe was a low-level Illuminatus (stuck at the Minerval level). in 1790 he provided a similar effort in the direction of Bode’s work.56 and 54. Goethes Groß-Cophta und der Verfall des Ancien Régime (Deutsche Sprache und Literatur I) (Frankfurt am Main: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität. Biefang in 1991 explains: In fact. 1991) at 274. Jürgen Biefang. from the abstract reprinted by Kostenfrei Publishers at http://www.She did not agree until the Illuminati in 1793. Wolfgang von Goethe.”55 Most fascinatingly.54 Those analyzing the literary origins of Goethe’s Grand Kophta confess unwittingly its coordinated connection to the new head of the Illuminati — Bode: “Even in 1790 [Goethe] worked with [Bode] who was writing Ist Cagliostro Chef der Illuminaten? which was published along with the first widespread translation of the Essai sur la secte des Illu- minés of the Marquis de Luchet and then sat down in an epi- logue to analyze the political significance of Cagliostro. 56. a friend of Bode’s at Weimar. This is discussed at length in the discussion in another volume on the Affair of the Necklace. after her death.

The English-Language Edition of 1791: Illuminati Effort To Obscure Revelations About Themselves The Compendio was translated into English by friends of Cagliostro in Britain.[was] being a freemason. Illuminati of Bavaria 32 .57 Hence.. 58. They inserted a highly sympathetic Preface to defend Cagliostro. Despite their feelings. The English version was a bit unscrupulous. from all appear- ances. it was an identical reproduction of the Italian edition translated word-for-word into English. (There was no copyright law in those days.. as it was printed up by one defending Balsamo.) In the Preface to that edition.e. Goethe did so at the urging of Bode who simultaneously was writing non-fiction works to the same end.. the effort to dispel any notion of Cagliostro’s significance came straight from the very highest echelons of the Illuminati.58 57. de Rohan] encourages the purchase of the dia- mond necklace.Jürgen Biefang. at vii. Whether Goethe was a dupe or a witting participant. saying it was wrong to arrest and try Cagliostro whose “only crime. 1991) id. Only at one point does [Cagliostro] come into the intrigue. Otherwise. Goethe through drama was trying to make Bode’s point — there was no basis to believe that Cagliostro and his (Illuminati) lodges had anythnig to do with the Affair of the Necklace. it showed its independence from the Italian edition.. as it appears in an Egyptian lodge that the niece can see the Queen and thus the canon [i.Cagliostro’s Exposure he is telling that it operated completely inde- pendent of him.” Id. the Preface to the English edition said the the friends of Cagliostro would find much of interest in the Compendio. Goethes Groß-Cophta und der Verfall des Ancien Régime (Deutsche Sprache und Literatur I) (Frankfurt am Main: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität.

the mention that this was “from the wisdom of the sect of the Illuminati” is eliminated. For example.” over the legal process against Cagliostro at Rome. on page 91 of the Italian despite its use of specific words like Frankfurt..A careful comparison of passage-to-passage as well as computerized word search via books. The reader can simply summon both books up simultaneously from books.59 Who were these London-based assistants who felt the need to rewrite Compendio to omit the testimony of Caglios- tro about the Illuminati? The Roman police scholar. 1790 that he “has discovered [Cagliostro] has written to his lodges in Paris. in the English-London version.Illuminati Disinformation Campaign However. reveals that the Duke of Parma wrote the pope on December 4. “The Strict Observance belonged to the Illuminati.60 59. and by switching back-and-forth.. this English-London edition 1791 deliber- ately ommitted any mention of Cagliostro’s testimony about the Illuminati. Likewise. This portion identically appears at page 80 of the Italian Compendio. Alessandro Ademollo. there is a discussion of a document “from the wisdom of the sect of the Illuminati stamped Paris Illuminati of Bavaria 33 . But in the Italian. proves the London edition deliber- ately erased any mention about the Illuminati. This key passage has disappeared. the Illuminati are discussed on the identical page the English-1791 edition omits any discus- sion of them.e. can repeat the comparison here summa- rized.” and that it spoke of a murder before the “coming of Jesus Christ. the pope]. London. Then the key portion which is the initiation of Cagliostro into the Illuminati at page 114 of the Italian version.” etc. this is identically discussed at page 103 as a “book printed at Paris in 1789” which discusses a murder “before the coming of Jesus Christ.” In the English-London edition. Brussells and various others” to “incite a holy indignation against you” [i. we find none of these words can be found anywhere in the English-London version. Strict Observance. On the few pages where clearly the Illuminati were discussed. mentioning they sought revenge for their grand master. “fourteen or fifteen steps.” But nowhere in the vicinity of page 75 in the English version is there anything comparable..” However. the Templars are discussed at page 75.

Alessandro Ademollo. the Illuminati already had reason to ridicule Cagliostro because (1) he foolishly wrote the Lettre Ouvert (1786). 61. 1887) at 349. Corilla Olimpica (Florence. We shall see elsewhere that the Illuminati at London published two other phony books in 1791 and 1792 to mislead people about other exposures: one on La Motte (which involved Cagliostro again) and a revised version of De Luchet’s Essai su la secte des Illumines. this explains why Bode chose to publish his attack on Cagliostro only in the French language. (See chapter “De Luchet’s Revelations” on page 1 et seq. 62. In fact. and led to his telling their stories. The same group in London were obvi- ously the ones responsible for the same tactic in 1791 and 1792 by their false works designed to minimize two other Illuminati exposures so they would go unrecognized. Hence. we see that the supposedly defunct Illuminati mobilized their publishing houses to counteract the danger that Cagliostro’s arrest represented. if a defendant kills a witness to avoid the acceptance of the testimony of a witness. they did so in 1786 with Mirabeau’s book about Cagliostro discussed in the same chapter just cited. this London lodge of Cagliostro was responsible for these alterations to the true Compendio — to protect the Illuminati. Illuminati of Bavaria 34 .Incidentally.) The Illuminati would not want people to be forewarned. then a jury can infer that the defendant was guilty of the crime that the 60. this London edition of the Compendio in 1791 was another transparent attempt to deflect exposures.Cagliostro’s Exposure Obviously. Perhaps even this earlier attack from Mirabeau on Cagliostro made Cagliostro feel somewhat betrayed or abandoned. So even as early as 1786 they wanted to minimize Cagliostro’s reputation.62 As the law teaches us.61 Thus. Because France was the chosen nation of the Illuminati to attack. giving away their plans at revolution in a not sufficiently veiled manner and (2) Luchet in 1786 had exposed Cagliostro as an Illuminatus. which could have unraveled the riddle of the Affair of the Necklace. Such behavior by the Illuminati to cover-up Cagliostro’s revelation by misinformation and ridicule actu- ally is one of the stronger proofs of the truth contained in Cagliostro’s Roman deposition.

63 Everything points to the accuracy of Cagliostro’s rev- elation: the Illuminati in 1780 formulated a plan to overthrow the monarchy of France. Had Cagliostro’s testimony been false (and had the Illuminati truly died). then why is Bode in 1790 writing works to prevent endangerment of the Illuminati movement? Illuminati of Bavaria 35 . there was no need for Bode or Caglios- tro’s London lodge to distribute books to counter Cagliostro’s Illuminati revelations. Thus. we have even more reason to put credence in the memoirs of the several participants at Wilhemsbad who spoke of a plan being adopted there in 1782 to overthrow France.Illuminati Disinformation Campaign witness was going to implicate him or her in. 63. Here the London lodge of Cagliostro excising all references to the Illuminati is proof of the same nature. Here. Bode’s character assassination of Cagliostro is of the same nature.We should pause to note that if the Illuminati were truly dead as some historians contend.

Cagliostro’s Exposure Illuminati of Bavaria 36 .