Applied Science Reports App. Sci. Report.

www.pscipub.com/ASR 3 (2), 2013: 132-139
E-ISSN: 2310-9440 / P-ISSN: 2311-0139 © PSCI Publications

Current Trends Of Indian Tractor Industry: A Criticalreview
Subrata Kr. Mandal*, Atanu Maity
Scientist, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur, India
*Corresponding Author email: subrata.mandal72@gmail.com

Key words ABSTRACT
India is an agricultural country. Higher productivity and greater output are
Tractor Industry the two major contributions in farm mechanization of any country. Tractors
form an integral part of farm mechanization and have a crucial role to play
CAGR (Compound annual growth rate) in increasing agricultural productivity. Agriculture accounts for
approximately 25 percent of India's GDP. Agriculture in India is the means
GDP of livelihood of almost two thirds of the workforce in the country and
employs nearly 62 percent of the population. On the other hand, Indian
farm mechanization tractor industry is the largest in the world, accounting for one third of
global production. The tractor industry in India has made a significant
progress in terms of production and capacity as well as indigenization of
technology. It is a typical sector where both imported technology and
indigenous developed technology have developed towards meeting the
overall national requirements. In the long term, the industry growth is
expected to continue from a moderate CAGR rate of five percent to seven
percent largely due to the continued thrust by the government to increase
agricultural GDP. In this paper an analysis has been presented to depict the
growth of tractor industry with future prospect in context with the
agricultural production.
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Introduction
Higher productivity and greater output are the two major contributions in farm mechanization. Tractors are an
integral part of mechanization and have a crucial role to play to enhance agricultural productivity. By advancement in
manufacturing of tractors, there's possibility that could lead India to another green revolution. In 1961 since tractor
manufacturing in India started, the industry has grown at a phenomenal pace in the last five decades to achieve a record
production of over three lakh units per year (Jain, 2006). Tractor is a highly versatile piece of machinery for multi use both
for land reclamation and for carrying out various crop cultivation and also employed for carrying out various operations
connected with raising the crops by attaching suitable implements and to provide the necessary energy for performing
various crop production operations involved in the production of agricultural crops. Tractors are capital intensive also. This
is generally used as a mode of transport, in electricity generation, in construction industry and for haulage operation. It has
now become an integral part of farm structure. The application of tractor for agricultural activities which swept India
during the last twenty years has erased the problem of farmers. Farm mechanization program in India aims to integrate the
use of available human and animal farm power with mechanical sources of power like tractors for increasing the
productivity (Jain, 2006).
Today India's gross cropped area is next only to United States of America and Russia and along with fragmented
land holdings which has helped the country to become the largest Tractor Market in the world. But it drops to eight
position in terms of total Tractor in use in the country when compared to international figures, only 3% of total tractors
used all over the world . It is to be noted that while the overall automobile industry is facing recession the tractor industry
is growing at 9%. About 20% of world tractor production is carried out in our country only. The tractors between the 31-40
horse power and 31-40 hp range dominate the market .The reason for medium horse power tractors being more popular are
that the major tractor demanding states like Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have plenty of alluvial soil which does not
require deep tilling. Lately it is visualized that higher hp segment has the maximum growth potential. Higher HP tractors
will be the future requirement with the government intention to encourage contract farming through the leasing in and
leasing out of farm lands (Jain, 2006).

Indian tractor industry
history
Indian Tractor Industry developed in 1945 to 1960 because of the War surplus tractors and bulldozers were
imported for land reclamation and cultivation in mid 1940's. In 1947 Central and State Tractor Organizations were set up to
develop and promote the supply and use of tractors in agriculture and up to 1960, the demand was met entirely through

App. One can expect the domestic industry to stabilize at about 4. The tractor penetration level in India is very low as compared to the world standards.00. Eicher. India has now emerged as one of the world leaders in wheeled tractor production. In 1951 there were 8.R. A series of good or bad monsoon can affect the sales. The Indian Tractor Industry's spectacular achievement reflects the maturity and dynamism of tractor manufacturers and the various policies adopted by the government to enable it to effectively meet the demand. Monsoon season is a key driver for sales of tractors. Haryana Tractors. 20. 2013). These factors apart. Many factors influence the tractor demand.became an exporter in the 80's mainly to countries in Africa between 1991 to 1997.S. It is a typical sector where both imported technology and indigenous developed technology have developed towards meeting the overall national requirements.000 tractors per year. The global scenario on tractors manufacturers certainly in terms of volume seems to be swinging away from the USA. In the long term. Others were HMT and PTL (SWARAJ) Total production climbed steadily to 33000 in 1975 reaching 71000 by 1980 (Tractor1.4. world average of 17. Saturation achieved in Punjab with tractor density as high as 82 per 1000 ha against Indian average of 12. besides adequate credit availability. UK and Western and Eastern Europe towards India where growth in the number of producers and the total volume in recent years have been impressive (Jain. From 1971 to 1980 six new manufacturers were well established during this period although three companies (Kirloskar Tractors. VST Tillers) manufacturers began production during this period but only last one survived in the increasingly competitive market place. In the year 1970 annual production had exceeded 20000 units with over 146000 units working in the country. Asian Tractors. During 1965 this had increased to over 5000 units per year and the total in use had risen to over 52000. Annual production exceeded 75000 units by 1985 and reached 140000 in 1990 when the total in use was about 1. U. Report.a net importer up to the mid-seventies . UK. both domestic as well as exports. the up-cycle in the tractor market has extended over the last three years (FY10-FY12) as shown in Fig.000 in 1955 and 37. Escorts Ltd began local manufacture of Ford tractors in 1971 in collaboration with Ford.000 by 1960. Volume growth in the Indian tractor industry has remained strong in FY12 even when the automotive industry has experienced slackening demand on account of rising inflation. M&M are the major tractor manufacturers. In addition. and only a few Western European countries exceed the current production of tractors in India.4 and 32. Consequently it now becomes a pride in India's automobile industry. Harsha Tractors and Pittie Tractors) did not survive. Local production began with five manufacturers in 1961 producing a total of 880 units per year. 3 (2). are the most popular in the country and fastest growing segment (Tractor2.500 tractors in use. 2006). Also the penetration levels are also not uniform throughout the country. Growth & Market demand India's growth is unmatched even with countries of long history of Tractor manufacturing. 31-40 HP. Since 1992 it has not been necessary to obtain an industrial license for tractor manufacture in India. Some of the cyclical factors that have contributed to healthy demand side economics are good south-west monsoons supporting farm output. Credit facilities for farmers continued to improve and the tractor market expanded rapidly with the total in use passing the half million mark by 1980. Indian tractor industry is very young when compared with world development. The medium horse power category tractors.S. but in terms of growth India's growth is unmatched even with countries of long history of tractor manufacturing. 1981 to 1990 A further five (Auto Tractors. steady replacement demand and growing non-agricultural use of tractors have also supported tractor volumes.1 in developed countries. 2013: 132-139 imports. The spectacular achievement reflects the maturity and dynamism of tractor manufacturers and also the policies adopted by the government to enable it to effectively meet the demand.. After a period of downturn during FY08 and FY09. the industry growth is expected to continue from a moderate CAGR rate of five percent to seven percent largely due to the continued thrust by the government to increase agricultural GDP.2 million. benefiting tractor demand. The tractor industry in India has made a significant progress in terms of production and capacity as well as indigenization of technology. Then India . There are currently 14 players in the industry. Intense competition has led to rapid advances in design and quality. long-term drivers of the industry such as low tractor penetration. While the northern region is now almost saturated in terms of new tractor sales. hardening interest rates and increasing fuel prices. In recent years the industry has registered a good growth in sales.S. TAFE. Farm mechanization program in India aims to integrate the use of available human and animal farm power with mechanical sources of power for increasing the productivity (Tractor1. 2013). Mahindra & Mahindra is the leading player in the industry. the southern region is still under penetrated. Sci.1. Primary demand comes from agricultural growth and the secondary demand comes from allied uses of tractors. This is also partly because of the initiative of the government to boost up agriculture and agricultural machinery industry. U. United Auto Tractors. Escorts. Gujarat Tractors. primarily haulage. By 1997 annual production exceeded 255000 units and the national tractor park had passed the two million mark. In India tractor industry has played a vital role in the development. Structural drivers like scarcity of farm labour in light of alternate employment opportunities. non-agricultural use of tractors (for haulage) continued to increase. 2013). 133 . strong rural liquidity sustained by higher minimum support price (MSP) for crops and double digit food inflation.A. Credit and money availability has always affected tractor industry and mechanization fortunes.

9 16.8 12.5 15. field research. 2013).3 15. Crop yield 134 .8 4.3 09 Total number of tractors required in India (mn) 16.8 10.4 11.1 10.4 2025E 11.9 16.8 4. because of low crop yields.3 2013E 4.7 12.2 11. India lags far behind the global averages and more specifically to China in terms of agriculture produce yield per hectare for various crops.5 16.3 4.4 2029E 14.0 9. Estimated number of tractors in India at different CAGR of annual tractor sales (Source: Company.4 16. quality and performance of tractors and other agricultural equipment has greatly improved.4 2028E 13.8 2023E 10.1 11. shortening replacement cycle and scarce farm labour.6 16. In the long run some agencies have projected the growth for Indian Tractor industry to continue till 2030.0 11.3 14. field research.2 14. Table 1. whereas the current number of tractors available in the country are less than 5m.8 2021E 9.6 13. Description Value 01 Total area under agriculture (mn acres) 393 02 Tractor-hours required per acre per year (hours) (a) 20 03 Number of tractor-hours required per year (mn hours) 7855 04 Number of hours a tractor can work per day (hours) 10 05 Number of days that a tractor is required in a year (b) 60 06 Number of tractor-hours available per tractor per year (hours) 600 07 Total number of tractors required for agricultural purposes (mn) 13. As per rough estimate by some experts of tractor requirement in India to till the complete arable land through mechanical means would indicate that there is a need for 16.0 2026E 11.8 12.1 08 Add: Tractors used for non-agricultural purposes (mn) (c) 3. Which is very much logical considering the low level of tractor penetration.5 14.7 2022E 9.5 13. Kotak Institutional Equities estimates) CAGR in Annual sales (%) Months Year 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2012 4. Computation of maximum tractor population in India (Source: Company.3 4.8 4.6 13.4m tractors in India.4 2030E 14.0 13. Figre1.4 10.5 9.5 9.0 15.9 11.5 13.4 14.4 15.6 11.0 10.8 4.8 4.3 4.4 2031E 15.3 13.1 15. Sci.4 Tractor Penetration Indian Tractor penetration is expected to raise.1 2024E 10.0 16. 2013: 132-139 increasing budgetary allocation towards the rural sector and government support for farm mechanization remain favorable (Tractor1.4 Table 2.2 9.3 16.6 11.3 4. There is tremendous scope for farm mechanization in India.3 4.4 2032E 16. 3 (2).9 12. increased use of tractors for non- agricultural purposes. growth in production. Trend in Yearly Tractor Sales Volumes (Domestic + Export) [2] Since the inception. Kotak Institutional Equities estimates) Sr.3 4.7 14.8 10. No.4 16. Report. lower horse-power tractor usage and much lower yield per acre by the Indian farmers.2 10.4 2027E 12.4 10. App.8 4.4 11.

Tractors are being extensively used in rural areas as transport and for construction work (Singh. Due to a rising population and an increase in per capita food consumption Indian farmers would require increasing crop yields (Singh. A farmer’s choice of tractor size is typically a trade-off between the utility of the tractor (which includes haulage capacity requirement) and its price. with 31-40 HP tractors accounting for over 45% of industry volumes. replacement demand for higher HP tractors from the northern region. % Share of different HP tractors of total sales HP Range 97-98 98-99 99-00 00-01 <25 7 7 6 4 25-30 12 15 20 20 31-35 51 51 46 45 36-40 9 8 9 10 41-45 5 4 7 8 >45 15 15 12 14 The Indian tractor market has traditionally been a medium HP market. witnessing polarization. About 20% of world tractor production is carried out in India. About 20% of world tractor production is carried out in our country only. A tractor works much faster than bullocks. Despite higher prices. which helps the farmer to crop land twice a year. which has traditionally been a higher HP market (due to higher power requirement in paddy fields). Table 3 shows the land availability in Indian scenario. Table 4. One third of world's Tractor production is in India. increasing use of tractors in non-agricultural applications and growth in export of higher HP tractors. With Employment of 28000 people directly and 150000 people indirectly the Tractor population is3000000 compared to 900000 in China. The share of various HP tractors in the recent years has been as follows. Different sizes of tractors are manufactured in India ranging from less than 25 HP to more than 45 HP but most popular range is 31-35 HP (Table 4) (Tractor2. and the rate of growth in medium HP segment remaining moderate. A shorter replacement cycle will be crucial to boost tractor volume growth. however. Use of tractors for non-agricultural purposes Tractors are replacing bullock carts and labor as the cost of ownership of a 15-hp tractor is lower than the cost of owning two bullocks to pull a cart and renting a tractor is more lucrative than owning a tractor. App.8 2 Tractors In Use Tractors/1000 Hectares 28 10. with higher growth in the upper and lower HP segments. Only 29% of farmers cultivate two crops a year on their farms. To-day more than 250. Nevertheless. driven by an increase in the use of tractors: Tractors are rented out for agricultural work and used in construction activity. The replacement cycle of tractors The replacement cycle of tractors has shrunk to 8-10 years from 10-12 years earlier. several factors have led to a structural shift in the industry towards higher powered tractors. Indian Tractor Market India's gross cropped area is next only to United States of America and Russia and along with fragmented land holdings has helped India to become the largest tractor market in the world. Indian tractor market has to be viewed considering its position in the world with respect to key parameters as given below: Table3. only 3% of total tractors used all over the world [6]. On an average around 400000 tractors are produced and their sale is 260000.5 8 HP wise performance The sale of Agricultural tractors and other farm equipment has increased. The industry is. These tractors are available in different horsepower ranges of less than 25 to more than 55 hp.000 tractors are manufactured every year by 13 manufacturers. 2013). 2013: 132-139 Crop yields in India are almost half of those in China and other major global agricultural economies due to use of lower quality seeds and low mechanization of farms. which explains India’s low farm output. The Total Turn Over is 10000 crore and the Total investment is 8000 crore. 3 (2). Sci. 2000a). 2000b). The arable land in India is high as 12% of the total arable land in the world.6 45. The factors include the increasing tractor penetration in southern India. But it drops to eight position in terms of total tractor in use in the country when compared to international figures. One out of every four tractor is being purchased here. growth in the greater 135 . Tractor market in India is about Rs 6000 crore. Report. It is to be noted that while the overall automobile industry is facing recession the tractor industry is growing at 9%.Uttar Pradesh is the largest tractor market in our country. Indian Tractor Market Description Units World Total/Avg India India Rank Arable Land Mn Hectare 1444 170 2 Irrigated Area Mn Hectare 249.

3 (2). A series of good or bad monsoon can affect the sales. Monsoon season is a key driver for sales of tractors. Poland 1964 Mahindra And Mahindra International Harvestor. 1971 Hindustan Machine Tools Motokov –Praha. the trend of ownership of small and less expensive tractors by marginal farmers is catching up. In recent years the industry has registered a good growth in sales. Mahindra & Mahindra is the leading player in the industry. the southern region is still under penetrated. these tractors deliver better fuel efficiency when compared to their higher powered cousins. Russia 1975 Auto Tractor Ltd British Leyland. Also the penetration levels are also not uniform throughout the country.K. and limited credit worthiness of marginal farmers are some of the factors that shall also influence the growth in the sub 20 HP tractor market. New Holland and Eicher are expected to benefit from this change in customer purchase pattern. competition from second hand market of higher HP tractors. App. 31-40 HP.Eicher Tractor. This is also partly because of the initiative of the government to boost up agriculture and agricultural machinery industry.Italy 1999 Greaves Ltd Same Deutz. Czechoslovakia 1963 TAFE Messey Ferguson. USA 1999 New Holland Tractor New Holland Tractors . Shift towards higher HP segment augurs well for the tractor industry as it results in higher EBIDTA (earnings before depreciation interest and tax) per tractor. UK 1961 Escorts Ltd Moloimport Arazawa Zaklady Mechaniczne Ursus.INDIA 1974 Pittie Tractor Limited Own know-how 1974 Harsha Tractor Ltd Moto Import. are the most popular in the country and fastest growing segment (singh. UK 1965 Escorts Tractor Ltd Ford. The medium horse power category tractors. West Germany 1961 Gujarat Tractors Ltd Motokov –Praha. making it viable for small farmers to upgrade from a bullock cart to a tractor. 2004).Fahr. restricted application to soft soil conditions. Romania 1986 Asian Tractor Ltd Own know-how 1989 Bajaj Tempo Ltd Own know-how 1987 International Tractors Own know-how 1998 Larsen And Tourbo Ltd John Deere. Manufacturer and collaborators MANUFACTURER COLLABORATOR YEAR Eicher Tractors Ltd Gebr. both domestic as well as exports. Apart from lower initial costs. Also with scarcity of farm labour and rising cost of bullock carts. Report. Strong underlying demand in the less than 20 HP category has prompted the entry of organized players like M&M. U. Figure2. 2013: 132-139 than 40 HP tractor market is expected to remain sound. a segment which is currently catered to largely by un-organized players. Japan 1983 United Auto Tractor Ltd Uzina Tractorul. With roughly 39% of the area under cultivation contributed by small and marginal farmers (less that 2 hectare land holding) the opportunity in this space are significant. With greater portfolio concentration towards higher HP offerings. However. Table 5. Tractors are part of agricultural machinery industry.K. more so in light of very low tractor penetration at present. There are currently 14 players in the industry. The tractor penetration level in India is very low as compared to the world standards. 1981 Pratap Steel Rolling Mill Own know-how 1983 Vst Tillers Mitsubishi. Germany 1974 Punjab Tractor Limited CMERI. Czechoslovakia 1971 Kirloskar Tractors Lmt Klochner-Humboldt Deutz. HP segment in FY10 and FY12 (For 9 months) Tractor industry plays an important part as agriculture sector has a major contribution to India’s GDP. market participants like John Deere.U. Fig. Sci.2 explain the HP segment in Indian context. While the northern region is now almost saturated in terms of new tractor sales. Italy 1999 Foreign Collaboration 136 .

Report.A However study reveals that exports from India are going down in the recent years . Most of the models which were taken up for manufacture in India were developed overseas. M&M. App. Tractor export from India during06-12 Exports contribute about 11% to the total tractor sales of the country as shown in Fig. 3 (2). USSR. Sci. Figure 3. the expanding footprint of Indian tractor manufacturers in African and new South-East Asian markets is expected to drive export growth over the medium to-long term.3. Philippines and Bangladesh. Soon after the decision for the manufacture of tractors was made during second plan. Export to neighboring countries such as Thailand. Since Indian tractors has the international standards by virtue of their foreign collaboration it is possible for India to export to more tractors to the rice and wheat growing countries like Canada. giving way to falling duty structure among member countries. Sri Lanka and the United States remain major export destinations. Malaysia and Indonesia is also supported by the Asian Free Trade Agreement. TAFE. POLAND. their collaborators and the year of commencement of production: Exports Regarding exports India has been exporting tractors to a number of countries. SLOVAKIA. Bangladesh. government approved number of foreign collaboration agreements. are growing rapidly as well.WEST GERMANY. Volumes saw a decline in FY09-FY10 on account of global economic downturn. Further. in which the US absorbed a major share.R but also the potential export markets can be explored by India in the future. but predominantly to Srilanka. export volumes are expected to benefit from the introduction of higher HP tractors by Indian manufacturers.118 tractors. UK.S. While Nepal. 2013: 132-139 Tractor industry along with others benefited from this policy which allowed free inflow of foreign technology.4.S. In the past three years. Tractor export from India during 00-06 Figure 4.The major reason for the decline in exports of tractors from India is being the failure to find an extensive market overseas. Figure 5. Tractor exports from India have grown by around 41 percent in 2005-2006 as shown in Fig. deteriorating foreign exchange situation in African countries and their poor buying capacity.CZECH. The establishment and present status of tractor industry owes a great deal to the support received by the Indian entrepreneurs from foreign collaboration during the initial phase of manufacture. In 2005-2006 the industry exported 28. and John Deere are the major tractor exporters from India. Tractor sales in India by state [2] By-State Analysis 137 . comparatively cheaper imports of second hand tractors by South East Asian countries from developed countries and the disintegration of erstwhile U. Exports to other countries. Nepal and U. Indian players have aggressively started exporting to African countries by bidding for government tender requirements. such as South Asian countries. Malaysia and Turkey. The manufacture of tractors started in India mainly with the help of foreign collaboration secured from internationally reputed companies from the USA.S. List of tractor manufacturers. exports of Indian tractors have grown at a CAGR of over 55 percent. Indian tractors are gaining acceptance in international markets.

Bihar. Fig. rather than. respectively. is now well developed in India. in our country. Meanwhile. which is not relevant under local conditions. higher maximum speed.P. for instance. those that aims at increasing driver comfort. This is being developed. Report. Haryana. four wheel drive. relating to the engines. may not be acceptable to farmers. 2013: 132-139 Ninety three percent of the tractor industry is concentrated in twelve major states namely. Andhra Pradesh. to improve the efficiency of the tractors. Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. are not necessarily appropriate under Indian conditions. Sci. hydrostatic hydrodynamic transmission. in the country. to suit the operators. particularly. the operator space and controls have been designed to suit the anthropometric measurements. are designed abroad. operator seating and space. Orissa. to reduce the weight. whenever a need arises for introducing a new model in the market. Transmission And Final Drive The developments relating to transmission system are more number of gears and.5 represents the details of tractor usage based on state analysis. because of the small land holdings of the farmers. Recommendations Apart from the suggestions given above. for adapting certain developments relating to the tractor technology. 3 (2). to concentrate on developing new designs and products with their own efforts. other measures are necessary. Latest Developments In Tractor Technology The recent developments. There may be a need to develop low weight models for wet land cultivation in India. substituting diesel fuel. Development aimed at increased life of critical engine parts. Rajasthan. on tractors abroad This is a use full development which reduces the turning effort ZF steering have taken up their manufacture in the country and this would be available to the tractor manufacturers However. Madhya Pradesh. that have taken place in abroad. ease of operations. Punjab. Gujarat. On the other hand. Some of the recommendations are discussed in the preceding sections. 47 percent. which cannot sustain a higher priced tractor and weight is not a problem for those tractors. up to. operators. employing these features. abroad. 138 . which is difficult to maintain. are not quite suitable to Indian conditions. its application may be limited on tractors because of its extra cost Ergonomics And Operator Safety Ergonomics and. those aimed at improving. reliability. Steering System Hydraulic or power steering is now common. synchromesh gears. developments such as those aimed at improving fuel economy and. wholly or partially. Uttar Pradesh is the largest tractor market. Since most of the tractors used. particularly. Karnataka. These are not relevant under local conditions. 54 percent. There is however. as. scope for increasing the haulage speed. making tractors suitable for large land holdings etc. looking for foreign collaboration. of the engines. are improvement in fuel efficiency. under Indian conditions. turbo charging of engines. by fuel like compressed natural gas. may be suitable to Indian conditions. as well as. tractors. Tractor sales in states such as Karnataka. and. to encourage the tractor industry. tractor sales in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh fell by 28 percent each. Developments like driver’s chamber etc. (USA there is a trend for using higher H. turbocharger is a delicate high-speed mechanism. Studies for reducing vibrations are quite relevant. which may not be acceptable to the local farmers. safety and comfort. a maximum of 40 Km/hr. Maharashtra. 2006). by some units. where unlike in the advanced countries. which are mainly used for dry land cultivation. Hydraulic System Hydraulic system. Size And Weight Of Tractor In some of the advanced countries. App. are not always relevant under Indian conditions. Efforts are also being made to reduce the weight of the tractor. of implements control. requires careful operation. of 95% of the driver population. such as the use of ceramics. Maharashtra. It is necessary to redesign the operator space. Some of the developments. noise and vibration control and.P. for sensing movement of the linkages draft load and depth of operation. Tractor Engines Developments. Tamil Nadu and Gujarat have shown a tremendous growth in the 2005-2006 period of 63 percent. Electronic sensing devices have now come into use. are suited to the Indian conditions (Jain. in those countries. More sophistication means higher price. high initial cost of tractors. in the country. the current popular size being 100H. in tractor technology. have received considerable attention abroad.

Available at http://www.2013. Landwards. of quality audit and monitoring. therefore. available to the implement manufacturers and adopt a system. 25 and 45 HP. Primary demand emanates from agricultural growth and the secondary demand from dual use of tractors.11.in/Files/ticker/SH-2013-Q1-1-ICRA-Tractors. should be provided. App.2013. in India. This is necessary to encourage R&D. followed by. which is not readily available with the industry. If. in tractors. Accessed on 30. 2004. Tractor Industry in India – Present and Future. 2013: 132-139 Improvement In Fuel Efficiency Improving fuel efficiency. Singh G.F. Suitable incentives. Reducing the specific fuel consumption is an expensive and time consuming exercise and requires a specialized expertise and knowledge. its price. Agricultural Machinery Industry in India (Manufacturing. marketing and mechanization promotion). can be nullified. Testing Facilities Tractor testing facility is currently available in India only at C. there is a need to develop more such testing centers to cope up with the huge pressure related to testing of tractors. in the country is. The most popular size. Singh G. Modernization of Agricultural in India Part I Farm mechanization. of tractor size. Indian tractor industry. 3 (2). Agricultural Situation in India.I. including. Korea. Reference Jain Ramesh C. 22-23 Nov.11. Report. haulage and. 2000b. spring. comparatively young by world standards have expanded at a spectacular pace during last four decades. should design implements properly matched to their tractors and. Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering. properly designed implements. Bhopal. 2006. Singh G. is a matter of national importance. the utility of the tractor. of the tractor engines. matched to the tractors are used 20% to 30% improvement.pdf. for multiple uses. Tractor1. of the tractor. 139 . between. of standardized quality and make the knowhow for the same. Accessed on 30. Due to rapid increase of total tractor production during the last couple of years and expected to increase further over the coming years. 2006. in performance efficiency and proportional fuel economy can be achieved. to ensure production of desired quality implements. Seoul. Sci. of new tractor model. Available at http://www.T.T. helping the tractor industry as a whole. for indigenous development. Improvement In Quality Of Tractor Implements All the benefits that one can expect from a fuel-efficient engine. Journal of Institution of Agricultural Engineers (UK). Paper presented at roundtable forum for regional agricultural machinery manufacturers and distributors associations. Budni. The farmer's choice.com/reports/607322/tractor_market_in_india_an_analysis. Mechanization will. is a compromise. primarily haulage. Growth pattern and performance characteristics of tractors used in India. Conclusions The paper reviewed the Indian tractor industry scenario. Each tractor manufacturer. 2000a. justifiably increase.researchandmarkets. 35 HP. January 2000. pp 17-25.pdf. It has been observed that many factors influence tractor demand. Tractor2. if matching implements are not used with the tractor.M.icra. Any saving effected in fuel consumption would reduce the drain on foreign exchange and therefore should receive utmost priority from all concerned.