COOPERATIVE LEARNING

What is Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative Learning involves structuring classes around small groups that work
together in such a way that each group member's success is dependent on the group's success.
There are different kinds of groups for different situations, but they all balance some key
elements that distinguish cooperative learning from competitive or individualistic learning.
Cooperative learning can also be contrasted with what it is not. Cooperation is not
having students sit side-by-side at the same table to talk with each other as they do their
individual assignments. Cooperation is not assigning a report to a group of students where
one student does all the work and the others put their names on the product as well.
Cooperation involves much more than being physically near other students, discussing
material, helping, or sharing material with other students. There is a crucial difference
between simply putting students into groups to learn and in structuring cooperative
interdependence among students.

Why Use Cooperative Learning?
Extensive research has compared cooperative learning with traditional classroom
instruction using the same teachers, curriculum, and assessments. On the average:
 Students who engage in cooperative learning learn significantly more, remember it
longer, and develop better critical-thinking skills than their counterparts in traditional
lecture classes.
 Students enjoy cooperative learning more than traditional lecture classes, so they are
more likely to attend classes and finish the course.
 Students are going to go on to jobs that require teamwork. Cooperative learning helps
students develop the skills necessary to work on projects too difficult and complex for
any one person to do in a reasonable amount of time.
 Cooperative learning processes prepare students to assess outcomes linked to
accreditation.

How to Use Cooperative Learning?
 Cooperative learning exercises can be as simple as a five minute in class exercise or
as complex as a project which crosses class periods. These can be described more
generally in terms of low, medium, and high faculty/student time investment.
 Cooperative learning can be used across a wide range of classroom settings ranging
from small to large lecture, as well as in online classes.
 No matter what the setting is, properly designing and implementing cooperative
learning involves five key steps. Following these steps is critical to ensuring that the
five key elements that differentiate cooperative learning from simply putting students
into groups are met.

What are there in Cooperative Learning Instruction Strategies?
For a teacher who is trying to teach through cooperative learning from the teacher's
resources or lesson plans, he or she might face problems of discipline or noisy lessons as after
all it's just a class full of students. Hence, there are some cooperative learning instruction
strategies, which can be followed for effective teaching.

For example. You can start off with small tasks in the classroom to warm up the air for cooperative learning. the main two points noted here is that the students get familiar with listening to each other as well as sharing information. In the vast majority of studies. When the students get some task. The main reason for such activity is that the students must utilize the skills the teacher has taught them. it can happen sometime that the students in a group are noisy and all the workload is shifted onto one student. What are there in Cooperative Learning Aspects? One of the important aspect of cooperative learning is to teach those students how to work in groups who are not familiar with this type of learning. your students know that you are the boss and listening to the steps you are telling is necessary because if it does not happen like this. in such a case you can either change the activity or reconsider your seating plan in order to neutralize the class dynamics. Does Cooperative Learning Really Work? The short answer to this question is yes. In the end. it is a great way of those students to learn to work in a group as they need to a reason to learn and tasks like these provide them a great opportunity. in raising achievement. You hould keep in mind that while explaining the task. For example. you can make two groups in which one group asks questions about the topic the teacher has just taught and the second group provides answers. they are opened to more opportunities for learning as they get to benefit from finding out more about their chosen topic. If they are motivated. assign them a deadline of the group work and tell them which work has to be done in the class and which one has to be completed at home. For example. they will read the songs and then write up their ideas about it. Start with smaller tasks when you think they are ready to work in groups and illustrate the task in a slow step by step way. they get new ideas which they are eager to share with their group members and as this continues each student gets more into the topic. motivation is a great necessity in order for them to proceed successfully. Another important aspect in cooperative learning is that of motivation. and in producing positive social outcomes. if the group of students is told to analyze rap songs and find out the issues related to the songs. In cases when students are allowed to pick up their own topic. The main challenge behind cooperative learning is that it needs to be planned in such a way that it fits perfectly and the students gain positively from it.COOPERATIVE LEARNING The first strategy is to make that the task you are given is not only increasing the study skills of the student but is also interesting and open enough for the group of students. which is a necessary step in learning. . forms of cooperative learning have been shown to be more effective than noncooperative reward structures in raising the levels of variables that contribute to motivation. You should not continue until you have each student’s attention. then your classroom management can go out of hand. Remember to not to start with big tasks.

Catch a brainstorm. Make sure that the entire group is learning about the same subject. Now give each team a chance to brainstorm answers to the question. 2. or 4. Divide students in groups of four. Have individuals interview their partner by asking them clarifying questions. Students are to keep practicing concepts until the entire team understands and completes the assignment given. Each member of a group chooses a partner. so that those members can see why their answer was wrong and what the correct answer should have been. 6. what is working and not working with the current process. Wrap up the groups and answer any dangling questions not addressed in the individual groups. 5. and the person in a group that is assigned that number is to give you the answer to the question. too. so they will be grading each other. The Interview. Let students trade their test papers. Have the students work in a circle. Divide students into teams of 4 to 6. 4. Ask the groups a common question. instead of having all of the students shout out answers to the "secretary" at once. Here are some tips for utilizing cooperative learning in your classroom. Lastly. Now you call out a number (between 1 and 4). Divide students into groups with an even number of students in each group. with the "secretary" writing down the team's responses. Now let the partners switch roles. Playing teacher. Now give each group a few minutes to discuss the answers that group members got wrong. Number Frenzy. Group Grading. and appoint one student on each team to be the "secretary. etc. Give each student in a group a unique concept to learn. For instance. In essence. The object is for the higher-level students to help lower-level students improve their understanding of concepts being taught. The group then works together to come up with the correct answer. each member is responsible for learning. 1. you can divide students into groups and have them hold a debate over what they would change about the elections process. just a different aspect of the subject. divide your students into groups with an even number of people in each group. . Label each student in a group as number 1. each taking turns to give a response. After taking a test. 3. as well as helping teammates learn. Cooperative learning can be used in any situation where you want children to debate over a concept being taught.COOPERATIVE LEARNING 10 Tips for Cooperative Learning Cooperative learning is a method where teachers place students in small teams with students of different learning levels. 3." Give each team a different question that can have many answers. 2. The great debate. Then bring the group back together and let students teach each other what they have learned. when learning about the elections process. let members of the entire group share their responses as a team. Divide students into even groups of five or less. Test each group when the teaching session is completed within each group.

 Manager . Roles could consist of:  Leader . . Ask each group to list words and/or phrases that describe what they are being taught. and then two people from the center of the line. 8. Later each group can get up before the class and discuss why they chose the responses they did.The individual that makes sure everyone in the group has mastered the concepts being learned through the exercises. Now form your groups by pulling out one person from each end of the ranking order. i. Divide students into groups of five or less. Listing activity.The person who fills in for any member of the group who is absent.COOPERATIVE LEARNING 7.The person that speaks for the group when standing in front of the class. so each member feels they are contributing to the group in a positive way. Roles can be switched within a group from time-to-time. 3. The One Minute Game.  Secretary . giving them one minute to answer them:  What was the main thing you learned today?  Tell me two questions that you have remaining about this lesson.The person who records responses for the entire group. Have each group discuss their list and then come up with the words and/or phrases the entire group agrees on.. 1. Be sure that every response is written down that each individual gives. 10. Determine whom you will put into groups by using the following exercise.  What else would you like to know about this topic? This is a great cooperative learning activity that helps students give you feedback about the lessons they learned. Assigning group roles.The person who keeps time for the group with timed assignments. farm animals that are most useful. Have each group contemplate answers to these questions.e. 9. Ranking order. 2. Have the students rank this issue by how they feel about it with 1 being in strong agreement and 10 being in strong disagreement.  Monitor . Place a rank-order line on your whiteboard and record the students' responses on the line. Consider assigning each member of a group a role.  Reporter . and assists the leader of the group. Present your students with an issue that is pertinent to a lesson. Divide the class into teams of five or less.