Satellite Services Regulatory Issues and Broadband Internet

Presenter: E. Kasule Musisi
ITSO Consultant
Cell: +256 772 783 784


Presentation Outline

1. Broadband Basics
• Definition, Role, Fixed Services, Mobile Services
2. Demand for Broadband
3. Satellite Industry Overview
• Demand Drivers, Supply Drivers: Technology, Investment, Orbital Resources,
Spectrum Resources
4. Broadband Infrastructure and Solutions
5. Application and Technology Trends and Standards
• Rationale for Satellite
• Hybrid satellites, HTS
• Satellite Component of IMT-Advanced
6. Regulatory Issues
• International: WRC -15 Outcomes ( in support of Satellite Broadband , WRC-19,
Licensing Regimes, MSS regulation ( Inmarsat NRB 2016)
• National:
7. Addressing the Challenges
• ITU Studies, Broadband Development Agenda


What is broadband?

• “Broadband”, also referred to as “wideband”, is used frequently to
indicate some form of high-speed access. Broadband is frequently used to
indicate an Internet connection at 256 kbit/s in one or both directions.

• For the purpose of this presentation, the term broadband refers to data
rates that correspond to the user rate of 2 Mbit/s and higher.


Social Economic Importance of Broadband There is general agreement around the world that Broadband: is an enabler for economic and social growth. is a tool for empowering people. creates an environment that nurtures the technological and service innovation and triggers positive change in business processes. 4 . Broadband has therefore become a key priority of the 21st Century.

Broadband Demand 1/4 90 Average penetration per 100 inhabitants Developed 80 World 70 Developing 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 5 .

Broadband Demand 2/4 The transport and Logistics and emergency services sector are dependant on access to mobile broadband for their day to day operations. People all over the world are increasing being accustomed to having personal access to broadband “on the move” whether for work. 6 . leisure or security. Journalists depend on portable and/or mobile broadband terminals to relay news from remote/disaster areas /war zones back to their headquarters.

816 estimated internet users on June 30.3% Europe 58. Miniwatts Marketing Group 7 .5% Africa 10.966.7% Source: Internet World Stats-www.8% Asia 21.stats.htm.514. 2010 Copyright@2010.4% Oceania/Australia 61.5% Middle East 29.9% World Average 28.609.960 and 1. Broadband Demand 3/4 World Internet Penetration Rates By Geographical Regions 2010 North America 77.845. Penetration rates are based on world population of 6.4% Latin America/Caribbean

8 . Broadband Demand 4/4 • Cost and Availability are the two main challenges to addressing the gap in broadband access especially in remote/rural areas • The answer is to deploy a network that has wide coverage. is able to overcome long distances and inhospitable terrain and can be rapidly put in place. This is not an easy task. • Satellite technology is ideally suited to achieve this task.

9 . Broadband Satellite • Broadband satellite also refers to systems that have the capability to receive and transmit “rich media content” from the satellite to the network end-users and between the end-users whether at home or in the office. Satellite broadband can also include a hybrid solution. where the middle mile is provided via satellite and extended to end-users via terrestrial IMT technologies.

Satellite Industry Overview 1/5 10 .

Satellite Industry Overview 2/5 11 .

Satellite Industry Overview 3/5 12 .

Satellite Industry Overview 4/5 Source: Satellite Industry Association (USA). September 2015 13 .

September 2015 14 . Satellite Industry Overview 5/5 Source: Satellite Industry Association (USA).

Satellite Infrastructure and Solutions 3/3 15 .

a satellite option may make a lot of economic sense. • he use of hybrid technology that brings about synergy between terrestrial and satellite components for broadband delivery. Technology Trends and Standards 2/7 For the provision of broadband at a large scale. 16 . At least two areas where sufficient progress has been made and that are helping in reducing the costs of satellite delivery are: • use of spot beam technology (example: Ka band – (HTS) High Throughput Satellite) and secondly. Applications.

Technology Trends and Standards 3/7 On the hybrid technology front. 17 . the ITU Radiocommunication Bureau has developed detailed specifications of the radio interfaces for the satellite component of IMT-Advanced. Applications.

Increasing bandwidth by a factor of 20 or more. Despite the higher costs associated with spot beam technology. the overall cost per circuit is considerably lower compared to shaped beam technology. 18 . Applications. Technology Trends and Standards 4/7 Multiple Spot Beams multiple narrowly focused spot beams and frequency reuse makes the satellite capable of maximizing the available frequency for transmissions. as compared to traditional satellites translates into better efficiencies.

Applications. Technology Trends and Standards 5/7 HTS: Key Design Decisions: • Spectrum • Throughput • Architecture • Coverage • Efficiency 19 .

Satellite Technology for Broadband 6/7 HTS can be developed in any frequency band: C. Ka. The frequency selection is driven by many considerations: • Coverage and beam size • Atmospheric conditions in the region that is being served • Availability of a robust ecosystem of ground technologies 20 . Ku.

Technology Trends and Standards 7/7 High Frequency Re-use Factor (FRF) According to ITU studies. HTS satellites in the GSS orbit have an average Frequency Re-use Factor (FRF) of up 5 ( at specific orbital locations) as compare to an average of 1. Applications.5 convectional satellites 21 .

g. Point-to-Point + Multicast Multicast ISP Links between continents • Content LMDS ADSL PoP ADL: A symmetric digital subscriber line LMDS: Local point multipoint distribution system PoP: Point of Presence Source: Recommendation ITU-R S. Global Broadband Satellite Network Scenarios 1/2 Access Network Content Distribution Core Network (end user <>edge) to the edge (Trunk Interconnect) Point-to-point e.1709-1 22 .

An example of IMT-Advanced system architecture using the SAT-OFDM 23 .

issued that had the potential to block new broadband satellites that could be used to serve developing countries.T: Agenda Items 1.R.2 24 . Regulatory Issues 1/5 WRC-15 dealt with ( and made resolutions) on some pressing issues concerning the use of orbit-spectrum resource that were not in line with international regulatory procedures.6 Agenda Item 9. WRC OUTCOMES W. issues that affect availability of orbital resources for broadband services.

75 50 13.75 (Res PLEN/1) 250 250 14.5-12.75 250 250 13.5 300 12.45-11.2 -12.75-14.5 750 750 750 14.65 250 Total spectrum in the Downlink 1 000 1 050 1 050 25 .4 -13. Regulatory Issues 2/5 WRC-15: AGENDA ITEM 1.8 (RES PLEN/2) 300 Total spectrum in the uplink 1 000 1 050 1 050 Space-to-Earth direction (Downlink) 10.7 250 250 250 11.95-11.5 -14.2 500 12.7 -12.2 250 250 250 11.5 -14.6 New Allocation for fixed satellite service in 13/14 GHz (WRC-15 Decision) (1/2) Bandwidth (MHz) Frequency bands (GHz) Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Earth-to-space direction (Uplink) 12.7 -12.

26 .2 (Earth Station in Motion –ESIM) RES COM5/2 • WRC-15 agreed to facilitate the global deployment of Earth Stations In Motion (ESIM) in the 19. • Earth stations on-board moving platforms.5-30.0 GHz frequency bands in the fixed-satellite service (FSS).2 and 29. Regulatory Issues 3/5 WRC-15: AGENDA ITEM 9. trains and aircraft. allowing transmission rates in the order of 10-50 Mbits/s. paving the way for satellite systems to provide global broadband connectivity for the transportation community.7-20. will be able to communicate with high power multiple spot beam satellites. such as ships.

27 . with faster rates expected in the near future. Regulatory Issues 4/5 Other WRC-15 Resolutions related to Satellite Broadband RESOLUTION COM6/21 (WRC-15):Facilitating access to broadband applications delivered by high-altitude platform stations: to study additional spectrum needs for gateway and fixed terminal links for HAPS to provide broadband connectivity in the fixed service taking into account RESOLUTION COM6/23 (WRC-15): Studies relating to spectrum needs and possible allocation of the frequency band 37. c) that technological developments such as advances in spot-beam technologies and frequency re-use are used by the fixed-satellite service (FSS) in spectrum above 30 GHz to increase the efficient use of spectrum.5 GHz to the fixed- satellite service: considering that: next-generation fixed-satellite service technologies for broadband will increase speeds (45 Mbps is already available).5-39.

Benefits are Immense -Less spectrum management for the Administrations -A standard and copyable approach to authorisations -Costs are less for operator and users(affordable equipment and broadband) -Deploying services to users is much quicker 28 . Regulatory Issues 5/5 National Licensing -More spectrum Harmonisation across countries -More liberalisation -More standardisation Spectrum efficiency Need to allow services to serve national needs.

29 . New satellites with high capacity – of the order of 100 Gbit/s coupled with multiple beams and multiple gateways. is resulting in a 100 to 1 reduction in cost per Mbps when compared to the 1 Gbit/s Ku band conventional satellites.Broadband Satellite – Some Disadvantages (1/2) High Cost However….

Since latency is due to the distance between the satellites and the earth. 30 .Broadband Satellite – Some Disadvantages (2/2) High Latency ( when using GEO Satellite's) However…. satellites in lower earth orbits have less latency than geostationary satellite networks.

air interfaces. performance and availability objectives for FSS. including IP based applications and Satellite News Gathering (SNG) • Working Party 4C- Efficient orbit/spectrum utilization for MSS and Radio Determination Satellite Service (RDSS ) 31 . Addressing the challenges 1/2 Satellite Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) studies in ITU • Studies on satellite BWA in ITU-R are carried out in Study Group 4 • Working Party 4A- Efficient orbit/spectrum utilization for FSS and BSS • Working Party 4B- Systems. BSS and MSS.

1783: Technical and operational features characterizing high-density applications in the fixed- satellite service 32 . Addressing the challenges 2/2 • Recommendation ITU-R S.1782: Possibilities for global broadband Internet access by fixed-satellite service systems.1711-1: Performance enhancements of transmission control protocol over satellite networks. • Recommendation ITU-R S. • Recommendation ITU-R S.1709-1: Technical characteristics of air interfaces for global broadband satellite systems. • Recommendation ITU-R S.

• Air interface specifications for global broadband communications between earth stations and regenerative satellites that is based on ETSI BSM/RSM-A (Broadband Satellite Multimedia/Regenerative Satellite Mesh). 33 . • Digital Video Broadcasting –Satellite (DVB-S). interactive channel for satellite distribution systems by ETSI (European Telecommunication Standards Institute). Addressing the challenges 2/2 Three Standards have been developed: • Internet Protocol over Satellite (IPoS) by TIA (Telecom Industry Association).

Thank You! Questions? 34 .