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NEW
NEW Total English ADVANCED

Total English

Total English
A course for young adults and adults, New Total English has been completely
revised and updated to make it even more engaging and easy to use. With its
clearly defined learning objectives and authentic content, New Total English
includes new reading and listening texts, new video clips and a completely
revised grammatical, lexical and pronunciation syllabus.

ADVANCED BOOK 1
Real solutions to real needs
Providing solutions to the challenges teachers and students face every day,
New Total English includes useful Writing and Pronunciation banks as well as
new digital components to enhance the learning experience.

ActiveBook
• Students’ Book in digital format
• Integrated audio and video
• Interactive activities
ADVANCED Flexi Course Book 1

Students’ Book and Workbook Wilson • Clare
Vocabulary Trainer
• Practise and learn unit vocabulary at www.newtotalenglish.vocabtrainer.net

Components:
• Flexi Course Book 1 and Book 2 with Students’ Book,
Workbook* and ActiveBook
• Class Audio CD
• Teacher’s Book with Resource Disc CEFR
A1 Starter
• ActiveTeach Elementary
A2
• Vocabulary Trainer www.newtotalenglish.vocabtrainer.net B1
Pre-intermediate

*Access Flexi Course Book Workbook audio at B1+ Intermediate Students’ Book and Workbook with ActiveBook
www.pearsonELT.com/NTE/Flexi/WB/Audio/Advanced B2 Upper Intermediate
plus Vocabulary Trainer
C1 Advanced

C1
JJ Wilson and Antonia Clare
www.pearsonELT.com/newtotalenglish DVD-ROM ONLINE MOBILE PHONE eBOOK
DVD-ROM
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MP3 AUDIO
PHONE eBOOK IWB MP3 AUDIO

CVR_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_CVR.indd 1 30/07/14 5:45 PM

Do you know …?
1
Read the text and match the parts of speech (a–j) 3
a Complete the word maps with words/phrases
to each underlined word or phrase. from the box below.

half-sister career path uncharted territory
In 1967, Allen and Beatrice Gardner embarked on soulmate culture shock spending spree
an (1) experiment to train a chimpanzee to talk. gamble be made redundant
Realising that chimpanzees don't have the vocal
apparatus to be able to speak like humans, but that
(2) they can use gestures (3) easily, the Gardners
decided to train (4) the animal in ASL, American
Sign Language. Their subject was a chimpanzee
called Washoe. The Gardners (5) brought up
travel
Washoe like a child, giving her regular meals and
getting her to brush her teeth before sleep. At first work
Washoe made meaningless hand gestures, similar
to the meaningless ‘babbling’ of baby children people
learning a language. But after four years Washoe
had learned over 150 signs. She (6) could also money
combine the signs on some occasions, such as
when she made the signs for ‘water’ and ‘bird’ on
b Underline the main stress in each word/
(7) seeing a swan on a lake. Linguists and scientists, phrase.
(8) however, are (9) sceptical about the Gardners'
(10) research, and question whether Washoe can c Add three more words to each word map.
really ‘speak’. They say that her ‘language use’ is
simply imitation.
4
a Look at the dictionary extract below from
the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary
English. What does it tell you about each of
the following: grammar, pronunciation, use
a present participle f phrasal verb
and meaning?
b link word (contrast) g adjective
c uncountable noun h adverb
dead·line

dedlaɪn\ n [C] a date or time by which
d countable noun i pronoun you have to do or complete something: [+for] The
e article j modal verb deadline for applications is May 27th. | [+of] It has to
be in before the deadline of July 1st. | meet/miss a
2
Find the grammar mistake in each sentence. deadline (=have or not have something finished on
time) working under pressure to meet a deadline. |
1 By this time tomorrow, we will have arrive in Peru. set/impose a deadline They’ve set a deadline
2 We were hot because we’d run. of Nov 5. | tight/strict deadline (=a deadline that
3 If I would have seen you, I would have stopped. is difficult)
4 It’s time we go home.
5 It mustn’t have been John – John’s tall and that b Complete the dictionary extracts below by
man was short. writing a definition for each one.
6 We haven’t been knowing her long. 1 over·priced / əʊvəˈpraɪst/ adj
7 The conference will held in the theatre tomorrow. ˈ
________________________________ :
8 I had my purse stole yesterday. The food was overpriced.
9 She persuaded me buying the car. 2 wan·der1 / ˈw ndə/ v [+around] [I, T]
10 He climbed up the Mount Everest. ________________________________ :
We didn’t know where to go, so we wandered
around.
3 ac·quaint·ance /əˈ kweɪntəns/ n [C]
________________________________ : I don’t
know her well – she's just an acquaintance.
4 i·ni·tia·tive /ɪ ˈ nɪʃətɪv/ n [U]
________________________________ : You need
to have initiative to do this job.

6

M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.indd 6 13/08/2012 12:09

Challenges
1
Lead-in
1
Look at the photos. Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
1 What types of challenge are shown?
2 Have you ever faced any challenges similar to these? What
happened? How did you feel?

2
Look at the sentence beginnings (1–8) and check you understand
the underlined phrases. Match them with the endings (a–h).
1 I like to set achievable goals,
2 It’s important to face challenges, but
3 She usually rises to the challenge, even if
4 If I succeed, it will make my dream come true, because
5 I couldn’t have done it without help, so
6 It was a burning ambition, which
7 It’s important to have the right attitude, because
8 It’s quite a daunting challenge, but hopefully

a I’d like to thank my family and my sponsors.
b I can achieve it.
c so, before starting, I always think about my objectives.
d if you are a positive person, it will be easier.
e I’ve wanted to do this since I was a child.
f you mustn’t be afraid of them.
g it’s something very difficult.
h I finally managed to achieve.

3
What are your goals (on this course, in your career or studies, or in your
personal life)? What challenges do you think you will face?

7

M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.indd 7 13/08/2012 12:09

1.1 Polyglots
Grammar verbs/adjectives/nouns with prepositions
Can do discuss your language-learning experiences

Reading
1
ork in pairs and discuss the
W
questions.
1 How many languages do you
speak? Why and how did you
learn them?
Why might the people in
2
the photos need to know
different languages?
What jobs require several
languages?
3 Do you think it is easier to
learn a new language when
you already know other
languages? Why/Why not?
4 Do you know any polyglots
(people who speak many
languages)?

2
a
Read the article and answer
the questions.
1 How did Francis Sommer learn
his European languages? Great language
learners
2 What advantage did Stephen
Wurm have as a learner of
languages?
3 According to Kenneth Hale,
what type of talent do

A
polyglots have? ccording to legend, Cardinal Another great linguist is Stephen
4 How is learning new languages Giuseppe Mezzofanti (1774– Wurm, Professor of Linguistics at
sometimes ‘easy’, according to 1849), who spoke 72 languages, the Australian National University
David Perlmutter?
once learned a language at Canberra. Wurm benefited
5 What do polyglots sometimes overnight in order to hear the 30 from the fact that he came from
5
worry about?
confession of two condemned a multilingual family. His father,
6 What bonuses and problems
prisoners the following morning. also a linguist, asked everyone in
has Ziad Fazah experienced
While this story sounds too the family to speak to the child in
because of his linguistic
amazing to be true, there are their own language. This meant
abilities?
10 polyglots who have achieved 35 that his mother addressed him in
b Work in pairs and discuss quite staggering feats of Hungarian, his father in English, his
your answers. language learning. grandfather in Norwegian, and his
Arguably the greatest of all grandmother in Mongolian. Because
3
ork in pairs and discuss the
W was Francis Sommer. Brought up of Wurm’s father’s work, the family
questions.
15 in Germany, Sommer was still a 40 also lived for periods in Germany,
1 What are the benefits of schoolboy when he succeeded Russia, China, Argentina and
being a polyglot? Are there
in learning Swedish, Sanskrit and Turkey. As a result, Wurm spoke ten
any drawbacks?
Persian. On a trip to Russia, he languages by the time he was six.
In your opinion, what personal
2
mingled with the international To most of us, the achievements
qualities are necessary to
20 community and, so the story 45 of polyglots seem superhuman,
become a polyglot?
goes, learned a dozen European but the polyglots themselves don’t
languages. He later moved to the see it that way. Kenneth Hale, a
United States, where he worked linguistics professor who speaks
as a research librarian, and by the around 50 languages, believes his
25 1920s, had mastered 94 languages. 50 talent bears similarity to that of
8

M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.indd 8 13/08/2012 12:10

“I let everything else and are very similar. myself. 1 master (v) (line 25) 2 In many countries. without knowing it. Occasionally. Besides While this earned him a reputation Therefore. a in a way that is impossible to understand 6 Many language learners find that native b to neglect something or allow it to get worse speakers speak __________ – they use lots c a form of a language which is spoken in only one area. On learn languages overnight. a Lebanese living in Brazil. they are d to speak quickly in a way that is difficult to understand imitating adult language. the US Consulate essential. unlike Korean. Sommer felt the same. 4 garble (v) (line 74) 3 The best way to __________ new 5 information overload (n) (line 88) vocabulary is by reading a lot. It a dialect called Hazaras. 4 atch the words/expressions (1–8) from the article to M 1 It’s easy to __________ foreign languages the definitions (a–h). programmes in Greece and Spain.” he says. Fazah. sit on a rock and talk Navajo to Miskitu and Sumu. of idioms and colloquial expressions. Fearing 115 Fazah is not widely known. Fazah cannot claim to these super-polyglots might get 100 some interesting consequences. 60 David Perlmutter. French and English at school. 110 to speak Chinese and Russian. 65 the joy of solving the puzzle.” Languages became an 85 are spoken in Central America After two hours. language students around the world does happen. with its own words/grammar 7 When babies __________ . likens the process of 90 Of today’s polyglots. 8 dialect (n) (line 107) 5 For most students. And while talent is that he has drifted into another. On one factor. years. Unlike But is there any chance that His astonishing abilities have had Mezzofanti. he is still a few and another Romance language. Ziad Fazah. both of which they brought him in for questioning. Hale recalls the time to distinguish between related grew suspicious of Fazah’s ability when he was learning Navajo: languages. 55 “I used to go out every day and I can mix up languages like Suspecting that he was a terrorist.. he gave up though that may change. “If around 60 languages.indd 9 13/08/2012 12:10 . the Brazilian police can apparently learn a thousand about garbling their languages? stopped an undocumented alien 130 words a month – a gift that 75 According to Kenneth Hale. he says.. slide. Fazah would envy and admire! begins speaking in one language 105 realised immediately that the man and. he was obsession. taught himself the other languages. stems from probably number one. however. but he confused? Do they ever get nervous one occasion. he has appeared on TV California. “it’s easy to learn Dutch. he They asked Fazah for help. people can understand 2 let (sth) slide (phrase) (line 58) the standard form of their language and 3 pick up (phrasal verb) (line 70) also a local __________ . language learning to a puzzle. he believes. you know English and German. __________ if you don’t use them regularly.” many great polyglots. finds was from Afghanistan and speaking 9 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.” 95 born into multilingualism. In recent of Linguistics at the University of learning new languages in later life. is where he was quizzed in multiple Mastery. g to learn without consciously studying b Work in pairs. Cardinal Mezzofanti. 6 babble (v) (line 103) 4 It may be impossible to __________ a 7 unintelligibly (adv) (line 103) foreign language completely. and 125 languages behind the legendary 70 you can pick up Portuguese quickly. e to learn something so well that you have no difficulty 8 If you know three or more languages. “Unless I’m attentive .1 Vocabulary | learning languages 5 a Complete the sentences using words/ expressions from exercise 4. he learned only as a phenomenon. a musician’s. A speaker of 120 languages including Hungarian. was not He passed with flying colours. 1.” Francis released. once you know Spanish his native Arabic. Professor information overload. with it you’re more likely to __________ your f too much to remember words. a love of languages is 80 happens especially when it’s difficult another occasion. Discuss which sentences h to mix up or confuse words you agree with. Japanese and Chinese. it who was babbling unintelligibly. more than ten new words per lesson equals __________ .

stems from to someone whose speech is full of mistakes. related languages . distracts you from the content of what they’re saying. some students’ spoken English Then listen again to check. why not? see Reference page 19 b Tell the class what you found out about your partner. but I know I’ll never sound like a native speaker. Make notes 1 Do you think you’ll succeed _____ passing your next on the questions. is riddled _____ errors. 7 What types of classroom exercises appeal _____ you? 8 Is pronunciation worth bothering _____ or are you Grammar | verbs/adjectives/nouns happy to keep your accent? with prepositions 9 Are you nervous _____ giving presentations in English? 10 How can your vocabulary benefit _____ using the 8 a Look at examples 1–5 in the Active grammar media? box and underline the prepositions. a Some of the vocabulary is similar but the grammar is completely different. What type of word does each preposition follow? b Match the questions (1–10) in exercise 9a to the possible answers (a–j). i A lot of the difficulties come from the fact that I can’t understand native speakers when they speak fast. Sanskrit and Persian. Check any new expressions in your dictionary. and also role plays. but I think it’s above? a good thing to do in class. the verb is usually in the -ing form. too. Does this matter or is fluency more important? 7 o you have similar experiences of language D 6 What distinguishes your first language _____ English? learning? Discuss with other students. I don’t know many idioms. 4 Do they ever get nervous about g Listening regularly to the news or looking at websites garbling their various languages? is good for learning new words. I’ve been studying hard and I really 1 Sommer was still a schoolboy. 5 What problems does he have? or are there other problems? 4 Do you feel you are lacking _____ vocabulary? b Work in pairs and compare your answers. 2 Where/how did he learn them? by living in an English-speaking country or by studying 3 What special techniques does he use? from books. e I think accuracy is important. b I always make an effort with the sounds of English. d I like class discussions best of all. which would you opt _____ ? 4 How does he feel about language? 3 Do your problems in English stem _____ poor grammar. exam? 1 How many languages does he speak? 2 If you could improve your English by watching DVDs. culture by living in Canada or Australia. he believes. Are the suggested answers from exercise 9b true for you? If not.02 Listen to Mark Spina talking from (x3) to in (x2) about (x2) for with about language learning. 10 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.1 Listening 9 a Complete the sentences with prepositions from the box. when hope I achieve my goal! he succeeded in learning Swedish. I think so. and it the joy of solving the puzzle . 6 a 1. Which of the sentences above Speaking use this structure? 10 a Work with a partner. but A Prepositions after verbs. phrasal verbs and it is difficult to distinguish between informal expressions. When the preposition is followed by B a verb. 5 Even at advanced level. It’s difficult to listen 2 Mastery. Discuss questions 1–10 from exercise 9a. 3 Wurm benefited from the fact that f I’d choose to immerse myself in the language and he came from a multilingual family. 1. nouns and I also need to work on my grammar! adjectives always have an object. b Answer the questions for rules A and B in the Active grammar box. Active grammar c Yes.indd 10 13/08/2012 12:10 . especially when h Yes. 5 This can happen. What is the object in each sentence j Speaking in public worries me a little bit.

I lived there for years so I know it like (a) Thomas Edison the back of my head/hand. but it might be China.’ (a) Alberto Santos Dumont 4 ‘Where did Elisha Gray come from?’ (b) the Wright brothers ‘Who? I’ve never heard/known of him.’ (a) Brazil (b) Uruguay (c) Germany 12 ‘Are you sure the Nile is the longest river in 6 Which country first allowed women to vote? the world?’ (a) Switzerland (b) New Zealand (c) the United States ‘Yes.’ 7 Who was the first woman to sail solo around the world via 2 a Complete the How to… box with the Cape Horn? underlined expressions from exercise 1. Try to use expressions W 1 ‘Who won the first Oscar?’ from the How to… box. 11 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.’ (c) Leonardo da Vinci 11 ‘Are you sure Russia is the biggest country in the world?’ 5 Which country won the first football World Cup (and hosted it)? ‘I’m fairly certain/positive it is.’ (c) Ferdinand von Zeppelin 5 ‘Do you know Paris?’ 2 Who invented the telephone? ‘Yes. I’m positive/fairly positive it is. I have a PhD in it.’ 4 Who invented the light bulb? 10 ‘Which country has the biggest population?’ (a) Thomas Edison (b) Alexander Graham Bell ‘I haven’t the faintest idea/clue.’ North Pole? 8 ‘What do you know about company law?’ (a) Robert Peary ‘I know it inside in/out.indd 11 13/08/2012 12:10 . but I can 1 Who was the first to fly a plane? look it up.’ WHO DID IT FIRST? 3 ‘What date did Man first go to the moon?’ ‘I don’t know/I’m sure offhand.’ (b) Alexander Graham Bell 6 ‘Which state has the smallest population?’ (c) Antonio Meucci ‘I’m pretty sure/positive it’s the Vatican. 1. I learned it at school. 3 ork in pairs and do the quiz.2 Famous firsts Vocabulary | knowledge Speaking 1 Choose the correct words in italics .’ 2 ‘What was the first book ever published?’ ‘I don’t know off the top of my head/hand.’ 7 ‘Do you know Eliot’s poem about cats?’ 3 Who first reached the ‘I know it by/at heart. ‘I haven’t an idea/a clue.’ (b) Frederick Cook 9 ‘What do you know about Belgian politics?’ (c) Roald Amundsen ‘I know close/next to nothing about it. (a) Ellen MacArthur (b) Amelia Earhart (c) Naomi James b How are the expressions different? Which 8 Which country first held the Olympic Games? are strongest? Which mean the same? (a) Italy (b) France (c) Greece How to… say how much you know/don’t know I know I’m pretty sure I don’t know I haven’t a clue.

It’s commonly assumed that Bell invented the Listening 3 telephone. 2 1. Philipp Reis had invented the phone. loudest noise ever heard in Uruguay.indd 12 13/08/2012 12:10 . the radio programme? What extra We often use the passive to show that a statement B information did you learn? is a personal opinion. we can use the passive to put ‘distance’ between ourselves and the statement. passives. box and write true (T) or false (F).03 Listen to a radio programme 4 In 2003. 6 It is often thought that rugby and sheep are the 1 Which ‘famous firsts’ do photos 1–4 main claims to fame for New Zealand. refer to? What can you remember about them? A We can use the passive to show that a statement is Did you find anything surprising in 2 not our own opinion. We can use appears/seems to have + past participle to b Read rules A–C in the Active grammar describe a past event. Listen again and 5 The cheering of the crowd is said to have been the discuss the questions. C If we aren’t sure that the information is 100% Grammar | passives: distancing correct. 5 a Look at examples 1–6 in the Active ther verbs for ‘distancing’ include It appears/seems O grammar box and underline the that and It seems as if/though . 2 He’s said to be the first person to have owned a flying machine. files were discovered which suggest that and check your answers to the quiz. c Why do you think passives are used in these sentences? see Reference page 19 12 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. b Work in pairs.2 1 3 4 Active grammar 1 Santos Dumont was widely believed to have flown the first plane. 4 a 1.

Practise reading your news 8 We now think that aspirin was first used by Egyptians. L istening to radio news or watching c Now look at the headlines in bold in audioscript English-language news is a great 1. 7 a 1. Which are 1 When and how can you access news the content words (nouns. etc. everybody in the US thought that the AROUND THE WORLD Wright brothers were the first to fly. 2 People believe that da Vinci invented the helicopter. People say that Edison invented more machines than 9 ork in pairs. 3 North American historians assert that the Wright brothers flew first. of the cartoons (about 100–150 words). bulletins. What achievements do they talk about? b 1.05 Listen to the headlines again and underline you particularly like or recommend? the stressed words. (seems) required to do these things? But it __________ though Edison invented fewer things than we thought. (assume) It __________ that the Wright brothers were the first to fly. (report) distancing. 2 Which is the most likely/unlikely? 1 But the evidence suggests that Edison didn’t invent as 3 What preparation or lifestyle would be much as we thought. (say) answer the questions. c Read your bulletins to the class. auxiliary verbs. 5 A number of journalists in the late 19th century said that William Dickson had ‘invented’ the movie. 7 Newspapers of the time reported that Felix Hoffman Use at least two passive constructions for had invented aspirin. It __________ that aspirin was first used by Egyptians. Listening 11 ead the Lifelong learning box.)? Which are the programmes in English? Are there any function words (prepositions. 6 We think Dutchman Joop Sinjou and Japanese Toshi Tada Doi invented the CD player at the same time. Work in pairs R and discuss the questions. b Work in pairs.indd 13 13/08/2012 12:10 .2 6 rite sentences using structures for distancing with W Writing and speaking the verb in brackets. Look at the cartoons and W anyone else in history. 1.05 Listen only to the headlines and write down Use the news Lifelong learning exactly what you hear. FIRST WOMAN TO SKATEBOARD 4 At that time.04 on page 88. 8 a Look at the headlines from exercise 7c. etc. (believe) Sinjou and Tada Doi __________ invented the CD 10 a Write a news bulletin based on one player simultaneously.)? programmes you’ve seen/heard that b 1. What problems did you have? way to improve your listening and vocabulary. FIRST MAN TO (think) LIVE WITH LIONS Da Vinci __________ invented the helicopter. (claim) FIRST TWINS TO REACH It __________ that William Dickson had ‘invented’ the 125 YEARS OLD movie. 2 What current news stories would you c Repeat the sentences. stressing the underlined words. (assert) It __________ by North American historians that the Wright brothers flew first. Concentrate on putting stress on (believe) the most important words. verbs. Sometimes it helps to hear the news in your own language before Pronunciation | word stress (1) listening to the same stories in English. dison is said to have invented more machines than E 1 Which story is the most interesting? anyone else in history. It __________ that Felix Hoffman had invented aspirin.04 Listen to some news headlines. like to listen to in English? 13 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.

this changing? 4 McManus is _____ the biggest challenge of his career. Look at the activities in the box and discuss the questions. articles and try to work out the meaning. you can achieve almost anything. make notes. b Complete the sentences using words/expressions from What similarities are there between the exercise 5a. nothing will stop 4 What do you think of the fathers’ you from _____ behaviour in these two cases? Would straight for the top. but _____ and came through to the final. not for boys. but don’t _____ them too hard. you have reacted similarly? Do you believe that parents should influence 8 Encourage your the ambitions of their children? kids to try new things. Student A: read about Bia Figueiredo on Vocabulary | achievement page 15. Student B: read about Carlos Acosta on 5 a Work in pairs.’ Do you agree? Is it the same in all countries? 6 Woods found the course tricky at first. colleagues. 1 Do you think that women have limited 3 Ellen MacArthur _____ her dream of sailing solo around the opportunities in the world of sport? Is world. 3 Do you think sport or dance can help reduce levels of delinquency in 7 If you win this teenagers and young people? championship.indd 14 13/08/2012 12:10 . As you listen. men or neither? Why? 2 Are there any other activities which you think men or women do better? driving cooking gardening doing jobs around the house expressing emotions looking after children being alone teaching ballet tolerating pain listening to other people 2 Work in pairs. Find the words/expressions (1–8) in the page 77. 1 Who generally does each activity better: women.3 Burning ambitions Grammar perfect aspect Can do talk about your achievements Reading 1 Work in pairs. two stories? 1 It was obvious that Venus Williams had the _____ to become a tennis champion when she was very young. Read about an ambitious person and make notes on questions 1–5 below. 14 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. 1 What is/was their ambition? 1 head (straight for the top) 2 To what extent have they achieved it? 2 pursue (a dream) 3 What challenges have they faced? 3 deal with (chauvinism) 4 Who has helped them achieve their 4 face (barriers) ambitions? How? 5 believe in (what you can achieve) 5 Any other information? 6 have the potential (to do something) 7 persevere (with something) 3 Tell your partner about the person you 8 keep pushing someone (to do something) read about. 1. 4 Work in pairs and discuss the 2 Ralf Schumacher had to _____ with criticism from his questions. 2 ‘… there is a prejudice that ballet is 5 If you _____ yourself.

aware and accepted the financial burden with good humour. she has done very well.000 short!’ what she can achieve: ‘I have a lot to learn. 50-minute tests before each race.. determined as Rubens Barrichello and as any other ‘I once heard a Formula 1 team boss say it costs $10 driver I’ve ever worked with. helmet could open motor sport to new audiences. controlled. ‘The first Yet Bia will have to deal with chauvinism. ‘I was least of the barriers facing her is whether motor sport five or six. I’m only $9. 1. For the champion is a girl. and Bia Figueiredo is pursuing hers in the people have more chance of being happy. ‘Given these ‘Beaten by a girl .3 Fast female ORDEM E PR OG RE SS O heads for Formula 1 Is Formula 1 ready for its first female star? Matt Rendell travelled to São Paulo to meet Bia.’ Brazilian Formula Renault Championship. Naylor Borigis disadvantaged. As for Bia herself. smiling and then adds: ‘But she will have I managed to wait. when other drivers I believe I have the potential to reach Formula 1. By pursuing what they enjoy.’ her father says.’ million to become a Formula 1 driver. And Brazil’s best drivers. love with the noise and the crashes. soon. and did four. Somehow. He told me I had ‘A beautiful woman is always welcome. For Motor racing would not be every father’s chosen in Brazil.’ of Formula 1. a wave of dense dark hair flows freely. today. she believes in the future and in ‘OK.990. I first met Bia Figueiredo in May 2001. As the swarm of go-karts completes its final warm- up lap and hurtles across the starting line.. ‘But the element of risk can be predictable sport. Jorge. Barrichello. ‘She’s as cool. it can be dangerous. for short – and she is heading straight for the top. the race is on.’ to be quick and mentally tough. I’m much more afraid of Bia not doing The Ayrton Senna Kartodrome in Brazil is a theatre what she loves.’ Alex Dias to be seven before I could learn to drive. she is being spoken of as the possible future career for his daughter. for a family that is well-off. says that Bia was de Campos. Thirty minutes later. who is tipped to join the ranks of her country’s greats – Senna. One man who believes in Bia’s potential is her Compared with other drivers at this level. She has already beaten the boys from Brazil at their own game. Ribeiro says. He compares Bia favourably with having encouraged his daughter’s passion. Piquet. She went to one of the best schools in São perhaps one day be a great driver. he has the best of his protégés. the woman to transform an increasingly Jorge concedes. I feel a little sorry for anyone in her way!’ sponsors and perhaps a whole new lease of life. Now she is in her 20s and still winning. She was 16 and her rivals on São Paulo’s kart scene – all male – had been suffering the obvious taunt for eight years: when other drivers were on the track. He has worked closely with most of already dreaming of Formula 1 at the age of six. One day ‘She was born with a forceful personality and. Bia is mechanic and mentor of nine years. when the winner’s helmet is removed.indd 15 13/08/2012 12:10 . Bia could only do two temperament is right: I’ve got plenty of animal instinct. by most standards. ‘Yes. Not the time I went to the kartodrome. I said to myself. Bia’s father. which meant she was doing school work 15 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. Now she’s ready to take on the world. but my Because of the expense. I begged my father to take me and fell in is prepared to accept a genuine female contender. I think of dreams. the image of her long hair spilling out of her she’s still forceful and has a caustic sense of humour. Ana Beatriz Figueiredo – Bia.’ she tells me. again?’ constraints. because Formula 1 is Money pressures are inherent in motor racing. even a pressure cooker’.’ Paulo.

1 How difficult do you think it is to do the activities below? 2 I asked what had been happened. b Tell the class about your achievement.. follow up I’m planning to . tense ( Past Perfect ... 3 I’d always thought it would be great to cycle The whole thing was across a whole country. 1. challenge 1 I’ve always run.06 Listen and answer the questions. 16 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. I’d been working really hard. 11 a Prepare to talk about something you have achieved. Make notes using the see Reference page 19 headings in the How to. 5 Before I came to the US. box. 7 1. • run a marathon 3 I chose this school because I’d hear it • work abroad was the best.indd 16 13/08/2012 12:10 . We felt we’d before that past now accomplished something. 3 What challenges did they face? 7 By the time she retires.07 Listen and check your answers. (tense: _________________ ) Details We set up .. I’ve been doing voluntary work all my adult life.. 8 ead the Active grammar box. Underline the perfect tense R in each sentence (1–3) and complete the name of each b 1. quite a (3) _____ . Speaking Active grammar 10 Complete the How to. • start your own business 4 He should have finish by the time we get back. Perfect continuous tenses. I never been 1 Which activity from exercise 6 has each speaker achieved? abroad. or is temporary. (tense: _________________ ) It was very tough. but 2 What do you think is the best way to prepare for each one? nobody could tell me.. 2 What did each person say about their experience? 6 I’m so exhausted. but just for myself. Results/ I’ve learnt a lot. erfect tenses can be used in the simple or P It was a fantastic continuous forms. Future Perfect or Present Perfect ). focus on an event which continues.. 2 Next week I’ll have been here for three months. who I’ve 6 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. like learning experience. box. this is my friend Amy. she’ll have be working there for more than 50 years.. (tense: _________________ ) How to… talk about an achievement past now Background I’ve always .... We (1) _____ to organise … three months ago now next week Problems I didn’t know what to (2) _____ . V The perfect aspect is used to refer back from one xpect decided expectations e point to a point in time before that. been knowing for absolutely ages. erbs used in their perfect forms link two times.. 1 Jake. Grammar | perfect aspect 8 I’ll phone you as soon as we will have arrived. Next March I’ll have been playing with the team for five years.3 Listening 9 a Correct the mistakes. other continuous tenses. How it felt It exceeded my (4) _____ . information I’d never done .

A: Yes.’ said the monosyllabic Johnson. ‘They outplayed us. work part-time. single-handedly (aware) brought his side back from the brink of 3 A: I’m 70 years old. A: He’s a little bit rude! On Saturday Mick Johnson. Look at the opposites below. 3 Which prefix means ‘not wholly’ or ‘half’? 4 Which can have a negative meaning? 1   2  3  4  5  c Work in pairs. (weight) 6 A: My estimate was wrong. to play for Sidcup United. I quit my main job but I still disaster. I thought there would be ten people here. leaders. (estimate) 1 Which prefixes suggest a large/exceptional degree. probably the best footballer ever A: I was __________ that you were a vegetarian. With a superhuman effort. 17 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. I weigh too much. 2 talented         untalented 2 ‘Winning the league isn’t impossible for us. but was indecisive with his shot. B: Really? So the numbers weren’t equal? A: That’s right. 4 The team looked demotivated. (retire) got the goals and we took home the points. (number) 5 A: I must go on a diet. B: Really? b Read the story again and answer the questions. Trailing by one goal (understand) until the 68th minute. 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. I don’t know why B: Pardon? we misfired so badly. but it’s irrelevant. or amount? 3 a Work in pairs. 1 Vocabulary | Prefixes 1 a Read the story below and underline 12 prefixes. I __________ the numbers. Use prefixes. (polite) performance by the unimpressive league 1 A: Our interpretation of the instructions was completely wrong. B: Sorry? Johnson.indd 17 13/08/2012 12:10 . the multi-talented B: Pardon? Londoner – previously a semi-professional basketball player – rescued a sub-standard A: He’s rather impolite. Johnson’s manager. not 50. and only six of us. team had looked tired and under-prepared. Where do you fit on a scale of 1–5? Tick a box on 2 Which suggest ‘not enough’? each line. said. Paul Deacon.’ said Deacon. Johnson B: Pardon? scored two goals in two minutes against arch- A: We completely __________ the instructions.’ 4 A: We lost the match because they had more players! There were ten of them. 4 overpaid         underpaid 5 political         apolitical b Compare your position with other students. We were completely __________. B: What? A: I’m __________. 3 imaginative         unimaginative 3 ‘Yeah. We A: I’m __________. we won. What do the underlined prefixes in sentences 1–4 below mean? 1 super-fit         totally unfit 1 Johnson had an early chance to score. rivals Blackbridge Rovers. Johnson’s overcautious 2 A: I didn’t know that you were a vegetarian.

You aren’t goi of children’s games – it’s in public. a feel like tur delicious feast you will bath. b start dreaming of the will stop you once you’ve prepare.08 Listen to someone describing what the answers say about your personality. You will have e or you need to wash 3 You are asked to per you have tickets for a gam of a large audience. caf és while. of a bri llia nt excuse – for example. You s. Discuss your answers and explain why you chose them. This is you r children’s behaviour. then arrange a me eting wi parachutists before commi discuss the piece. like it. and dietary requirem wh at you ’ll have to do. c see what your friend . ents. a quickly think form in a local play. b 1. th excitement. ages. to learn some lines and act in front your hair that evening. You can’t tak cinemas. Do you agree with the ideas you heard about? Why/Why not? 2 Work with another pair and discuss the questions. friends and family wh 7 You are asked to be the c ask all your colleagu You they think. then say c find out exactly to write a piece about you r you’ll think about it. You 2 You get an offer to wo live in all that lt new langu age and e the time off work and you have to learn a difficu or nig htl ife. Nothing wi ll stop you! a refuse politely. a say no. Only le and if there’s Internet sch edu middle of nowhere. But around the world. the chance of fame and fortun e. It doesn’t rea how much it’ll cost. children for one evening. hobby. b keep going. b or c for each situation. It could be a gre at night. you mortality rate of of the magazine to see if c find some statistics on the c read previous issues th the edi tor to tting yourself. chocolate cake and You rself b buy a large bag of bal par ty of ng to make a fool of you going to be the a say no. They want you to join the m. 8 A magazine wants you charity.indd 18 13/08/2012 12:10 . say ing you ’re too at a b jump up and down wi edi tor the sons. You ke sur e cold and wet and you are t food restaurant. c Work in pairs. you won’t be available. 1 Which would be the most difficult/the easiest challenge for you? Why? What preparation would you need for each challenge? 2 3 Do you think challenge involves being in extreme situations? Or are there more challenges in day-to-day life? 4 Which do you think are tougher: mental or physical challenges? What examples can you think of? I K E A C H A L L E N G E? DO YOU L k for 15 people. Nothing kery books and work ou t s’ coo started. the century! ct start singing. so lots loons. an isolated place with no sea gets annoying after a boots and a sailing hat You the b buy some large rubber a madman would live in immediately. matter if you reach the top ce on a sailing boat that will go it means 6 You are offered a pla rk abroad for a year. and ma ning rou nd and going home to a ho take your order on the nig ht. Who needs nig access on board and what you may love it. at babysitter for six young es. You don’t have time to write ee young to die. c ask about the exact htclubs and cappuccino? And the food will be like. b accept. 18 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. write thr a refuse. so you 4 Your friends decide to a explain that you’re far about it. It is 5 You are asked to coo eaway untain with some friend t the name of a good tak 1 You are climbing a mo a immediately find ou the y’ll be abl e to halfway up . 0 1 Communication Can do respond in detail to a questionnaire 1 a Read the questionnaire and choose a. exa b jump up on stage and c ask for details of the n thi nk abo ut it. What fun! And wh them all to the b immediately book les different drafts and offer ! great view you’ll have too next day. lly c consult your parent s want to do. You do a parachute jump for too busy doing it.

since and just : W By January. Key vocabulary ( It isn’t the speaker’s decision. ead (straight for the top) pursue (a dream) h deal with (chauvinism) face (barriers) believe in (what you can achieve) Perfect aspect have the potential (to do something) e use the perfect aspect to refer from one point in W persevere (with something) time to another point in time before that. by the end of the day .): oun + preposition: N By June we will have finished the project. it is an impersonal rule. actions that happened before another in the past: appeal to . unimpressive underpaid overpaid apolitical By 6. s uper-fit unfit multi-talented impossible She ’d lost her ticket so she missed the show. but there was little evidence. I haven’t the faintest idea He was reported to have been living in Brazil. i n the past but when the exact time isn’t relevant to this discussion or isn’t known: Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. bother about . I know it inside out I don’t know offhand She was thought to have come from Germany I know next to nothing about I’m fairly positive originally. This means P erfect continuous tenses focus on an event which P that the speaker/writer doesn’t want the whole continues or is temporary: responsibility for the ideas they express. to the delight of . benefit from He wanted to go to Rome. but I’d already been there. Passives: distancing I’ve just been speaking to Mickey. rise to the challenge make my dream come true i n formal writing. I’ve just heard the news. prepositions i n the very recent past (especially with just ): There are many fixed phrases which use prepositions. I’m pretty sure I’ve never heard of him It was claimed that the president had not seen the I know it by heart I know it like the back of my hand documents before the scandal broke out. (2) finished by a certain time. distinguish from . I will have been here for a year. but there Achievement was only one sighting of him. see Writing bank page 81 19 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.) Challenges You must hand in the essay by Friday. when the focus is on achievements couldn’t have done it without burning ambition and events rather than the people responsible: have the right attitude daunting challenge The vaccine was discovered by chance. Knowledge It is said that he was able to speak more than 20 I haven’t a clue I don’t know off the top of my head languages. assives can be used for ‘distancing’. is often used to make a statement less personal and We’d been playing football when it started to rain. monosyllabic demotivated arch-rival indecisive e use the Present Perfect to describe something W single-handedly outplayed semi-professional that happened during a period that includes past and sub-standard misfired irrelevant superhuman present: overcautious underprepared We’ve been here since Friday. but has a result or effect in the present: Oh no! I’ve lost my passport. slightly more polite: We don’t allow that. rely on . djective + preposition: A e use the Future Perfect with time phrases with by W short of .0 1 Reference Verbs/adjectives/nouns with i n the past. Learning languages ere are some common passive expressions to show H ick up let (something) slide master garble p that we are not certain of a statement: information overload babble unintelligibly dialect It is believed that the thief was an ex-employee. etc. She’s lived in over 20 countries. succeed in . but there is no proof. riddled with . nervous about ( by this time next week . lacking in . ➞ That isn’t allowed. a new form of e often use the perfect aspect with for .indd 19 13/08/2012 12:10 . s et achievable goals face challenges ➞ The essay must be handed in by Friday. It shows that keep pushing someone (to do something) the speaker sees one event as: (1) linked to a later Prefixes event. stem from .00 I will have finished work. erb + preposition: V e use the Past Perfect to talk about completed W opt for. The passive She’s been working as a nurse since 2001.

has been B: head / I / top / tell / off / the / can’t / found in a village in Brazil. she leng es thes e imm igrants Among all the other chal will be at the university ten years. children invented the language whil 4 Write B’s replies in the correct order. 5 A: Who’s Michael Vaughan? 2 Ex-President Michael Nkrumah is said be recovering B: never / him / heard / I’ve / of / . and correct them. drowned during a storm. 6 A: Who’s the President of Colombia? 3 Michaela Kritzkoff. 9 a opted for b succeeded to c succeeded in 3 A: Can you help me? I need some 10 a intelligible b unintelligible c intelligibly information about space travel. and a simp le code of sounds. He was ama zed that origins of Hawaiian Creo my first competition. their bosses. It believed that she had of / my / you / . they were able to (4) ____ Instead. 3 a babbling b garbling c cramming 1 A: Have you ever been to Prague? 4 a discuss b pick up c pick out B: Yes. Mandy will land at the airport communication. short time. John! We’ve just talked about you! _____ increased understood language. _ was to unde rstand each (1) _____ . A: What is Pelé’s real first name? 1 a made b knew c faced B: pretty / I’m / Edison / it’s / sure / . everything but could be (6) _____ all of them diale ct. 1 Giant multinational research centre Sci-Corps seems 4 A: When’s the best time to go there? to abandoned its research into cloning after pressure B: far / as / concerned / As / never / I’m / . This expected to see a big man. . The language Hawaiian Creole was igrants from necessity. To these immigrants. speaking owners of 1 By the time she finishes her degree. 2 a daunting b definite c harsh I’m pretty sure it’s Edison. I/. 5 And finally. suga r plan tatio ns in Hawaii. grammar. In creating a language that was (10) before 2100. With 7 Hi. 1 Review and practice 1 Complete the text with the correct words/expressions 3 F ind the mistakes in nine of the sentences (a. igra nts had (9) ____ _ within a generation. 6 a riddled with b distinguished from c defined by 2 A: How many women have succeeded in Formula 1 racing? 7 a reminds you of b stemming from c lacking in B: I / many / know / not / but / don’t / 8 a benefited from b benefited c mastered offhand / . b or c). the most (2) ____ 2 He was delighted when they told him he rstan d the Haw aiian other. I’ve never seen the man before yesterday. everybody (8) 8 It’s 9 o’clock. Derek Bickerton stud 9 I’ve been running for years before I entered le. r ethn ic grou ps people. from the government.indd 20 13/08/2012 12:10 . Sarah Smith reports on tomorrow’s weather. at least an hour! (5) _____ body lang uage 1910 a 5 It was a shock when I saw him. thousands of imm I’d never seen the man before yesterday. othe 3 I feel healthier now that I took up ____ _ . it seems if summer really is coming. ied the Many years later. she found out she included words and sounds from by its diffe rent was fired. / I / of / the / hand / like / my / 5 a persisted in b appealed to c relied on back / it / know / . well from the stroke he suffered last Thursday. After a must have sounded as if they were (3) kickboxing. _ som e Eng lish. the imm 10 We’ll have use up all the world’s oil long ____ _ to all. new language had emerged othe r lang uages. and by : Haw aiian Creo le. 20 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. things changed fast. B: know / nothing / it / to / next / about / 2 Find the mistake in each sentence and correct it. they 4 Where were you? I’ve been waited here for but barely enough to communicate. in his book Roots of Language e playing together. English- Europe and Asia went to work for the when he knocked on my door. Her desk was empty. In 1880. the explorer who disappeared for a month while canoeing along the Amazon. Hawaiian Creole. when invented through he knocked on my door. and to unde had got the job. at the age of 46. 4 British Commonwealth boxing champion Roderick Bland appears to finally retired. but he was tiny. is gone. he says that the fact. by now. 6 When she got to work. I would However. a simple this new easily (7) _____ complex structures.

Which four features from exercise 2a are the most important to you? Why? 21 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 1 reasonable cost of living 2 cosmopolitan 3 good transport infrastructure 4 mild climate 5 personal freedom 6 efficient healthcare system 7 high standard of living 8 interesting historical monuments 9 high crime rate 10 high level of unemployment 11 traffic congestion 12 a lot of pollution 13 racial tension 14 no-go areas 15 no cultural life 16 vibrant nightlife b Work in pairs.indd 21 13/08/2012 12:16 . Write positive (+) or negative (–) next to each feature (1–16). Communities 2 Lead-in 1 Work in pairs and look at the photos. 1 What types of community are shown? 2 What are the positive/negative aspects of each? 2 a Check you understand the underlined words/phrases. Discuss the questions.

even found the apartment where my grandmother still lives. Community is so important to us. and you still hear Greek spoken in the bars and restaurants. Youngsters visit the elderly. USA B There’s a very strong sense of community where I live. Vincenzo. You can buy Greek food like tzatziki and baklava everywhere you go. People look after each other’s children. but we’ve held onto old values here and I think I think our communities are changing fast. Ireland out local shopkeepers. The schools are closing one by one. so people live cheek-by-jowl and rely on each other. and people don’t want to go to five different shops when they can stock up on everything in a supermarket. example. You see it all the time. People don’t mind helping others. they were penniless and spoke no English. Australia 22 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Cornwall. Melbourne. but I guess that’s the way the world is going. Personally. That has carried over to our communities in Australia. New York. The area was full of bakeries and trattorias where people from the old country still spoke the dialect and served Italian food.indd 22 13/08/2012 12:16 . the big supermarket chains have driven Devin. Cork. I know C the world is evolving. Everybody knows everybody else. I can’t imagine living in a big. soulless city. they also paid some of his changing for the worse? Who has positive things to say? fees. I think they damage the local economy. the elders in the community not 2 ead the comments (A–D). Maybe it’s because Greece is made up of lots of little islands. Reading When they arrived. where you’re anonymous and don’t know your neighbours. 2. For that’s a good thing. It was the community that helped them 1 Look at the photos. lent them money when they couldn’t afford to 2 What do you think life is like there? buy groceries. Paula.1 My community Grammar verb patterns (1) Can do give advice/make recommendations about places A My family emigrated from Italy to the US 50 years ago. UK D Here in Melbourne there is a big. And of course we have the Antipodes Festival. where you avoid going out at night because you’re worried about the high crime rate. The local shop that has been there for a hundred years is going to close. It’s a shame. When my father was thinking of going to college. Kouros Calombaris. It was a real community. Lots of families object to sending their kids to a school six miles away. Other Italian-Americans got them 1 Where do you think each community is? jobs. That’s all gone now. I can’t stand shopping in those places. which showcases Greek culture. but what choice do we have? Our hands are tied. Who thinks their community is R only advised him to do it. get on their feet. very visible Greek community and I don’t think that will change any time soon. Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

(avoid) 14 I’d recommend to go to the local restaurant. The first has been done for you. You really must go to the National Gallery. 1 Do you agree with Vincenzo that communities are not 8 Complete the table in the Active grammar box as strong as they used to be? If so. How much contact do you have with your local 2 community? Do you know your neighbours? Do you use local shops and services? Active grammar verb + -ing verb + infinitive Grammar | verb patterns (1) 5 a Look at the extract below and underline three verb patterns (verb + verb). 2. 2 You should go to Brixton Market on Sunday. Other Italian-Americans … lent them money when they couldn’t afford to buy groceries … verb + object + verb + When my father was thinking of going to college. the infinitive with to preposition + -ing elders in the community not only advised him to do it. 8 I may go to Thailand in February. A see Reference page 33 1 I’m thinking to visit the community where I used to live. 5 You can avoid to offending people by learning the host (urge) country’s customs. b Find six more examples of verb patterns used by Devin and Paula on page 22. I’d 3 I can’t imagine live in a different community. Buckingham Palace. there are lots of cheaper trattorias. they also paid some of his fees. 10 If you object to pay lots of money for clothes. 1 What does Vincenzo say about language and food as 1 Which group of sentences from exercise 6 part of the Italian-American community? (A–C) is connected with recommendations? What three examples of a ‘strong sense of community’ 2 Which is connected with likes/dislikes? does Devin give? Which underlined verbs in group B have 2 3 How have things changed for shoppers and families in a very similar meaning? Which is/are the Paula’s community? strongest? 4 Why is community important to Greeks. 3 I think people ought to use the parks more. according to 3 Which underlined verbs in group C have Kouros? a very similar meaning? Which is/are the strongest? 4 Work in groups and discuss the questions. I’d urge you to go to the National Gallery. (afford) 7 I don’t fancy eat Greek food tonight. (recommend) 13 I’d urge you visiting the different communities in New 6 It’s better not to take Intercity trains York. Tokyo. 2 If you can’t afford eating in expensive restaurants. (advise) 9 I can’t stand to shop in big supermarkets. 6 I don’t mind to look after my niece and nephew. 5 You should buy tickets early for 12 I’d encourage all foreigners try some baklava.1 3 Answer the questions. Begin each sentence with I . why? with the underlined verbs from exercise 6. 7 I’d like to take a short trip to Paris. 6 Find the mistakes in the sentences (1–15) and correct them. (fancy) 15 She persuaded us visit Cork in the spring. 9 Rewrite the sentences (1–8) with the verbs in brackets. or I’m . 4 We look forward to see you. because they’re more expensive.indd 23 13/08/2012 12:16 . B 1 I don’t have the money to go to the theatre. (think) 23 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 8 She doesn’t want that she lives far away from her family. 7 Work in pairs and answer the questions. C (look forward) 11 I advise you going to the Antipodes festival. don’t go (encourage) shopping in Ginza. Read the comments again to check. 4 It will be good to see you next weekend.

Make (5) _______ you go to . 13a would you most like to live? I suggest going .. b Work in groups... mainly about food. h has lived in many countries i doesn’t mention the scenery Saying it’s not It’s a bit overrated/overpriced.... Listening 12 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.. Recommending If I (4) _______ you.1 Speaking b Match the speakers (1. c Listen again and check. 3 Why do you think the speakers talk One thing to be (7) _______ of is . 14 Work in pairs..indd 24 13/08/2012 12:16 .. 1 In which of the places from exercise Don’t miss . speaker 1 speaker 2 speaker 3 Where did he/she live? What was he/she doing there? What did he/she like about the host country? Was there anything he/she didn’t like.. 10 Complete the How to… box with the words from the box. etc.09 Listen to three people and make notes in the table. or that was difficult? What are his/her favourite memories of the country? 24 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 2.../You should try . 2 Would you like to live abroad? Warning Watch (6) _______ for .. j describes a special type of cooking so good It’s not (2) _______ it’s cracked up to be. scenery and people? Which is the most important? 11 a Think of a place with a strong sense of community (customs. Try to use language from the How to… box. food. a pretended something b got a few surprises wary were out found value sure all c was there at the wrong time d is from a small town e would like to return How to… give advice/make f learned about the culture by recommendations about places talking to the local people Saying it’s good It’s a must/a must-see. says the place was multicultural g It’s good (1) _______ for money./that you go there. Take turns to describe the places you chose. I (3) _______ it a bit dull/touristy. Make notes about what you would/wouldn’t recommend about the place. things to see..). Discuss the questions. I’d go to . 2 or 3) to the things they did (a–j). 1 Have you (or do you know anyone who has) lived abroad? 2 What were your/their impressions of the place? 3 What problems might there be living in a foreign country? 13 a 1.

. slightly . far . and in change in one thing causes a change in another..g. nowhere near.. 9 (it’s) considerably + comparative 4 Buying things online is marginally/extremely/slightly more risky (formal) than face-to-face transactions. the easier/easier/ 8 (it’s) definitely not as . Then write the phrases from exercise 3 in the table. 2 1. 7 (it’s) not quite as . 2 It’s decidedly easier/It’s best/It’s considerably easier to write on 6 the more we .. as . a computer than doing it by hand. general? The longer you wait.10 Listen to two people 1 A big difference discussing some of the questions 2 A little difference from exercise 1. 4 Has the increased use of computers and the Internet been e can use combined comparisons to describe how a W a good thing for you.. Listening b Write the phrases below in the table in the Active grammar box. the worse it will be. 5 the less we . see Reference page 33 1 (it’s) miles easier 2 (it’s) far easier 5 Cross out the incorrect words in italics .. 3 Do you trust what you read on the Internet? Why/Why not? I’m slightly taller than my brother. we use modifiers. 10 (it’s) marginally + comparative 5 It’s a mile/considerably/far quicker to find information on the (formal) Internet than in books. 3 (it’s) nowhere near as ..2 It’s a wiki wiki world Grammar comparatives (review) Can do distinguish between. e.... 1 How often do you use the Internet? What do you use it for? Active grammar 2 Are there any websites that you use frequently? What do you like hen using comparatives... if we want to be specific about W about them? the degree of difference between two people/things. 3 The more you know about computers.. 1 1 (it’s) much the same 6 The more we rely on/The more we use/As much as we use computers.. and use. 2. 12 (it’s) much + superlative the more vulnerable we are to hackers and computer viruses. Which do they discuss? Are their views similar to 3 the + comparative + yours? the + comparative 3 L isten again and tick (✓) the phrases you hear. as 1 Buying things in shops is not like/nowhere near/nothing like as 4 (it’s) nothing like as good as cheap as shopping online. features of formal and informal language Grammar | comparatives (review) 4 a Read the rules and examples in the Active grammar box. as the simpler they become. The green house is nowhere near as beautiful as the red one. 25 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02...indd 25 13/08/2012 12:16 . the less we ... the more we . 1 ork in pairs and discuss the W sightly a tiny bit far decidedly questions.

Sanger 4 What technological innovation led to the popularity of Wikipedia? doesn’t let his students use Wikipedia for their research. (paragraph 1) years? How come. academics also have their doubts. The full question = Do you want than the vandals. But they are now probably in the minority. 8 Read the article and match the paragraphs (1–7) to the headings (a–g). During the 2004 Bush–Kerry spoken English. is generally trustworthy? The answer (3) _________ Want to know the capital of Turkmenistan? is that the editors of Wikipedia care more (paragraph 1). c Work in pairs and answer the questions. It’s amateurs. on average. what do you think it is? goes in a Cuban cigar? The first place you probably turn to is Wikipedia. going to occur. realising that the supporters of 3 What is the full version of: ‘And the future?’ each candidate would attempt to smear 26 the opponent on Wikipedia. For the vandals. removed toilet seat: you never know who’s used it before within a hundred seconds. 3 _______________________________ How to… recognise features of informal If it’s so easy to edit. to their own ideologies. The Massachusetts to know the capital of Turkmenistan? Institute of Technology (MIT) did a study ‘And the future?’ (paragraph 7) and found that obscene comments added (4) _________ One famously compared the site to a public on Wikipedia were. 2. the company M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. biggest encyclopedia. he knows they can simply 10 a Read the article again quickly. or humour? US election. how come. Do you use Wikipedia? If not. Wikipedia has been found to be as accurate as other (1) _________ savvy (paragraph 4) encyclopedias including the Encyclopedia guy (paragraph 5) Britannica. How far do you agree with each sentence? b Work in groups and discuss your views. according to the article. (paragraph 2) it’s about as worthwhile as a graffiti artist using invisible ink. One famously compared the site to a public umour Informal vocabulary Style (spoken English) H toilet seat: you never know who’s used it Ellipsis (omitting words) before you. is Wikipedia generally reliable? founders. g First stop for fact-seekers the site uses the masses to pool their information. which has existed for 250 (2) _________ Join the gang. And the b Jimmy Wales striking thing about Wikipedia is that it isn’t c The future of Wikipedia high-flying professors who are providing the answers. it turns It’ll surely need more (paragraph 7) out. Is it formal or informal in style? invent information.indd 26 13/08/2012 12:16 . It’s a gang that now has access to over a Why you can’t trust Wikipedia 18 million entries in 279 languages. largest encyclopaedia 1 _______________________________ Reading Want to know the capital of Turkmenistan? Or how to make chicken fricassee? Or what 7 Work in pairs. Wikipedia is d Editors who care a perfect example of ‘crowd sourcing’. and claim it’s accurate. Larry Sanger – who went on to lecture at Ohio State University – and the 3 Who is Jimmy Wales and what is he like? answer is an unequivocal ‘no’. Other b Complete the How to… box with headings from the box below. In short. 4 _______________________________ Those who run Wikipedia are also savvy 1 What are the formal words for ‘savvy’ and ‘guy’? enough to know when a bout of vandalism is 2 Are there other examples in the text of informal vocabulary. with all the potential ‘vandals’ keen to rewrite history according Short forms: It’s a gang (paragraph 1). put it anonymously on Wikipedia. Join the gang. and the result is the world’s 9 Answer the questions.2 The Internet’s Speaking 6 a Look again at the sentences from exercise 5. in several language recent research studies. e The wiki Anyone can add an entry. Anyone can edit f Locking out the vandals it. 1 What expression in the article is used to describe groups combining 2 _______________________________ their knowledge? But is it the most reliable? Ask one of its 2 Why. you. Wikipedia. No qualifications are necessary.

2. He decided he et. Wikipedia’s Mary Johnson forerunner. Tha nks for to start a new 15 November. at 24 Bland Stre on obscure mailing lists. I can come to the mee ting . I have atta wanted to set up something longer-lasting a preliminary agenda for the ched meeting. about the plan entries. Larry Sanger. too. The I won’t be able to come to the dinn er beca use wiki got its name because the inventor already organised. Online he found himself discussing all sorts of After our telephone conversa tion. employees had grown to over 50. your piece (formal. 5 _______________________________ egards attend don’t hesitate to concerning following R So. As the world shrinks T his information will help you to choose the best tone for and people’s thirst for information grows. There ing how will also be a dinner in the even which you are invited. South 2 How much information do they already know? America and the Middle East. with only a handful actually When you are planning a piece of writing. the agenda.indd 27 13/08/2012 12:16 . to organise your it’s likely that Wikipedia will keep growing. John Kerry.m. ing.2 11 L ook at techniques 1–4. in this utopia of crowd sourcing. where you there. We will be discussing how forward the proposals for a new to take interactive website. and also a map show and fun. Nupedia didn’t have a massive impact.00 p. I would like to invite you meeting of the Online Encyclop to the topics and meeting all sorts of people aedia Anglia Group on 15 Nov ember at 7. hand to. futures and founding nupedia. Wales was queries could you please confirm your attendance a regular guy looking to combine his two hobbies: nosing through the Encyclopedia 1 Dear Mr Fry. ‘Fun’ is a big word for Jimmy to get to Bland Street. and to think about what to include or omit. 27 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. of the sample contract.). but then Wales and his co-founder. Bring copies sample contract. Keeping your reader in mind Lifelong learning Wikipedia has been staffed by a group of volunteers. Within its first year contributors wrote 13 ork in pairs and read the Lifelong learning box. I look forward to seeing you catch the ‘wiki wiki’ (quick) bus from the Yours sincerely.000 entries in 18 languages. decided to experiment with rtunately. Compare the W 20. invitation to come to the mee ting on It used ‘the old model’ of experts writing Thank you very much for the web site. who requested will be very happy to attend will be unable to attend exactly is making the decisions? The boss is a previous arrangement we would be grateful if you could founder Jimmy Wales. Are they generally used in formal or informal texts? 1 full verb forms 2 lots of phrasal verbs 3 sentences beginning with and or but 4 repeated use of the passive 12 ead the two formal emails below. Some language is too informal. informal. Unfo As asked. Britannica and surfing the Internet. to Wales. By 2011 the company’s paid your readers are and consider the following points. As for the capital of Turkmenistan. had his honeymoon in Hawaii. airport. I will bring copies of som ething I’ve a relatively new technology: a wiki. emails and article on this page and discuss questions 1–6. It’s also 3 How much do they need to know? trying to improve the quality of entries by 4 What are their expectations? teaming up with universities to get some 5 How formal and what length do they expect the piece to be? expert input and working with museums to 6 What is the relationship between writer and reader? supply better images. ideas. 7 _______________________________ And the future? For most of its short history. Wales has breezed through life enjoying Let us know if you’re coming by 4 November. Feel free to of the pretty much everything he’s turned his get in touch if you have any questions. academic. R locked the entries on George Bush and Replace it with more appropriate language from the box. And if you need proof. as the company 1 Why are they reading your piece? tries to expand its popularity in Asia. think about who getting paid. it’s a pooling Peter Fry of knowledge. It’ll surely need more in the future. Wikipedia exploded in popularity. With this technology in place. etc. The idea of a wiki is that anyone can contribute to a website. 6 _______________________________ 2 Dear Ms Johnson. In 2000. One of the world’s great optimists. you know where to look. it’s Ashgabat. including trading options and Best wishes.

in a taxi moving at Student B: read about Cape Town on page 79. they say. The guidebooks 3 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. the speed of light. b Use your notes to describe the place to My hotel is a run-down old building whose blue skin your group. nurtured in New York and 2 a Work in small groups. even the ghosts dance salsa. It’s no wonder this city is adored by everyone • the local community who visits. city. 2. Cali 1 What do you know about the places in the photos? What do you think they are like? 2 3 Would you like to visit them? Why/Why not? In Cali. you? What makes them unique? Which place would you prefer to go to? Why? 2 20 The salsotecas don’t get busy until midnight so instead 3 Do you think tourism is good for these three I stop at a restaurant serving typical Colombian food: places? What problems might it bring? 28 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. is peeling in the heat. the churches of San Antonio and La 1 Each place is described as a type of Merced. It has a stunning view from the 15 balcony and I gaze down on the square. 5 and Plaza Caicedo. along the avenues of Juanchito Student A: read about Cali. can be and make notes on the topics below. And here too. The driver slows down at a traffic light.indd 28 13/08/2012 12:16 . tell you to visit the Gold Museum and the Museum of Colonial Art. born in Cuba. Which aspects sound good to leave the key at reception: salsa. driving past gangs of mulato men laughing in the • food street. Read about a place carried on the winds all the way to hot Cali. taking me to the heart of the bustling Student C: read about Corsica on page 80. heard in bars. Its rhythms. turns to • atmosphere me and says ‘las calenas.3 Destination paradise Grammar introductory it Can do describe a place Cape Town Corsica Speaking and reading Cali 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.’ (the women from Cali) ‘are • things to do the most beautiful women in the world!’ And we’re off • things to see 10 again. but there’s only one thing on my mind as I ‘paradise’. on buses.

even though there are Corsica. crowded (Cali. Corsica. the fans spinning weakly on the 30 ceilings. Cape Town. 6 The Sahara Desert is 9. Cape Town. 29 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Corsica. the drinks are flowing. line 18. and into San Antonio park. line 48) A 10 very busy. line 38. Cape 2 It’s hard to find the little villa in the countryside Town. Cape 3 You can hardly move during carnival time Town. 4 There are many different nationalities living line 14. 8 peaceful (Cali. 5 Huge skyscrapers stand _____ with tiny wooden Corsica. Corsica. line 44) kilometres. 6 next to each other (Cali. they dance away their worries. line 45) words/phrases from exercise 4. Cape Town. They say 40 that when times are tough. It’s absolutely _____. line 25. line 19) houses. 8 The town remains _____. the place is packed and I know one thing 45 for sure: I’ve found the Cali that I was looking for – the salsa dancer’s paradise. 9 in areas people don’t normally go to (usually outside the city) (Cali.m. line 16) there. broken. line 6. Corsica. vegetables. Corsica. line 22) far from the noisy city. 7 We’re going to spend a _____ few days camping. And I must never forget ‘las calenas are the most beautiful women in the world!’ By 2. 4 having variety (Cali. unspoilt Cali. 5 not damaged in character or atmosphere (Cali. line 20. Later. I stroll for a while. 3 amazingly beautiful (Cali. uncared for (Cali.00 a. which lives side by side with a newer version. line 17. line 29) because it’s _____. Match the definitions (1–10) to W 1 The roof is falling off and the windows are words/phrases from the articles. 4 ork in groups. line 21. Cape Town. line 14. Cape Town. I walk past the trees and sculptures that line the river. line 26. line 32. the salsa is swinging. line 39.100. line 31.3 Vocabulary | adjectives to describe places 5 a Complete the sentences (1–8) with words/ phrases from exercise 4. line 34. line 43. Some C charming young Colombians teach me a few dance steps and we chat about Cali. on Avenida Sexta – Sixth Avenue – I find what I’m really looking for: a salsoteca. line 47) sancocho – a stew made with chunks of beef. Cape Town. The old house looks very _____.000 square line 30. cassava (a tropical plant with edible roots) and plantain (a type of banana. It hasn’t changed at all. 2. 7 extremely large (Cali. Cape Town. the Cali of junk food. I settle for guanabana and maracuya and I’m B not disappointed. Then I must choose from the amazingly diverse selection of Colombian fruit. This is the old. 2 in poor condition. tempted by dark smoky cafés. line 44. b Describe the places in photos A–C with the Corsica. Corsica. line 36) lots of tourists now. so the culture is very _____. Cape Town. line 35. line 31) because the streets are absolutely _____. line 32. Internet cafés and vast touristy discos.indd 29 13/08/2012 12:16 . but not 25 so sweet) served with rice. line 13. a tranquil spot 35 off the beaten track. full of life (Cali. Corsica. 1 energetic and noisy.

infrastructure. Complete examples 2–4 doubled the number of with underlined phrases from the paragraph in exercise 7a. but I’ll language before you travel. etc. semi. It’s absolutely perfect! me. 2. ‘It’s no coincidence that the city is on the way up and it’s a pity e you learn the basics of the city is growing. 3 It’s a pity that … ➞ It’s surprising that there aren’t more tourists. We’ve worked I only have a few days here. 7 I hate it when I go to see a tourist attraction and it’s closed. nightlife. d Read rule B in the Active grammar box. Describe the places you thought of to your partner. Local We love it when tourists come to city centre. You should walk! h crime rate is lower. 6 I’d appreciate it if you could send me information about the city. police.3 Speaking 8 atch the sentence M beginnings (1–8) to the 6 a Think of places you have been to that match the topics below. the nightlife. and great back to 20 years ago. What do they have in g complaining about the common? Find another example in the first paragraph of the article transport infrastructure.indd 30 13/08/2012 12:16 . With its wonderful food. Complete example 8 with an underlined phrase from the paragraph in exercise 7a. it appears that the city how fast things are changing here. 6 It’s no wonder people 7 It seems strange. This sounds less direct than using I think. b Look at the underlined phrases above. Is it about Corsica. Cape Town or Cali? a you have to leave this wonderful town. 4 It’s no use … 2 I’m sorry to say … ➞ ____________________ 5 It cannot be denied that … 3 I have the impression … ➞ ____________________ 6 It appears to me that … 4 There’s no doubt. Active grammar 1 It’s really wonderful to think that … A We often use introductory it when we describe our feelings and opinions. 8 ____________________________________________________ see Reference page 33 30 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02.’ It cannot be denied that the d love this place. about Cali from exercise 2. • it has stunning views • it is tranquil 1 It’s no coincidence that the • it is off the beaten track • it is bustling at the weekends 2 It’s a shame that • it is unspoilt despite tourism • it has some run-down parts 3 It shocked me to • it has modern parts side by side with the old parts 4 It cannot be denied that 5 It’s no use b Work in pairs. They’ve c Read rule A in the Active grammar box. changed. it’s surprising the country. living. … ➞ ____________________ 7 I always appreciate it when … B We also use it in the middle of a sentence (after certain verbs) 8 I hate it when … to introduce a clause. 9 a Complete six of the sentences so they are true for you. in my opinion. bartender Juan Hernandez tells stay. When I think b the food here is the best in tropical climate. sentence endings (a–h). c see so much poverty in the has everything going for it. the standard of rainy climates to hot weather. hard to improve everything: the be back! f but I actually prefer cold. Grammar | introductory it 8 It’s essential that 7 a Read the paragraph below. b Work in pairs and compare 5 I could hardly believe it when I saw how much the city had your sentences. 2 It always surprises me I believe . when … 1 I thought there would be more tourists.

Finally. Ever yone is welc ome have no problems fitting in. a year later. 4 I went on a spa break to get away from it all. noth ing had changed. no electricity. no Internet! We filled in some forms particle or after the particle. like to join them temporarily or permanently? a transitive (1) b transitive (2) 1 ld never catch on.) to get planning permission. so I prac tised waves at the s came. but 4 a me they were expe cting giant Work in pairs and discuss the questions. Claudio told every day end of the sum mer. Whe immediately? Why/Why not? I got through it OK. Anyone is welcome to write reviews and post appointments? What does it depend on? them on the site. because we wanted to get 5 Do you do anything special to get away from your away from the idea that you need a degree in order to write daily routine? What? and read reviews. NOT: She looked me after. We knew nobody in the community except John. immediately. 1 The plane took off. 2 Vocabulary | Phrasal verbs 1 ead the texts below. It really comes down to democratising the process. was it for? Text 1 b Tell the class one thing about your partner. goes after the particle) who had carried out most of the work. and this took months. What j meet/find by chance types of phrasal verb are they? k organise/manage I visited Sydney. write them down in g delay someone context. the house was finis (verb + particle. it can come between the verb and the tiny rural village. It seemed like a good way to keep up with the 4 Do you usually turn up early. he m escape/avoid looked after me so brilliantly and we became n be essentially such good friends that I stayed on an extra o invent/think of month and did all his cooking and cleaning! p know about recent developments 31 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Note what type of phrasal verb they are (see the four types from exercise 3) h put ideas/instructions into practice and look for patterns in the use of particles. Commune 40 years a wee k and you’ll Living here. c intransitive They said it was a passing trend that wou up at the Chrysalis Hippy They were wrong. No water. a arrive b feel comfortable in a social group 5 Read the Lifelong learning box and do the exercise.indd 31 13/08/2012 12:16 . with a direct object. on time or late for latest books. / I paid the money back. Match the of these communities? Why/Why not? Would you types (a–d) to the examples (1–4). Do you keep up with new developments in your 6 work/hobby? How? 7 When was the last time you filled in a form? What 2 F ind four phrasal verbs in each text and match them to the correct meanings (a–p). 2 (verb + particle. for a few days so l like something/someone I could catch up with my long-lost cousin. you can still get by on $50 . I’d never surfed before. If the object We decided to do up a small barn in a is a noun. Text 3 i finish successfully ircle four phrasal verbs in the paragraph C below and add them to your notes. with a direct object that usually goes after the preposition) 3 ng community I first came across Claudio and the surfi I took to it in São Paulo. In the end. When I turned d three-part phrasal verbs after I’d left it. c survive financially d become fashionable Note it down Lifelong learning Text 2 e complete paperwork When you read/hear phrasal verbs that f restore/redecorate you think are useful. with a direct object that always hed. 3 terrible weather held us up so we couldn’t start renovating. Then the She looked after me. Would you like to join any R 3 T here are four types of phrasal verb. (verb + particle + preposition. 1 Did you take to your partner or best friend n the big wave and saw to it that I was ready. He Text 4 put me up in his spare room. no direct object) 2 I paid back the money. Australia. 2 Do you have to come up with ideas at work/school? 4 3 Have you come across any interesting I came up with the idea of starting an onlin people/books/places in the last few months? e book community. (verb + particle.

two days in New York. During these meetings. and gave awful presentations on things they knew nothing about. believing he was in Old boys’ club Rome. • number and type of people in the club Amazingly. the group had received 20. Stephen Pile formed ‘The Not Terribly Good Club’. Included in The Book • problems of Heroic Failures was an application form for Ballroom-dancing club membership to ‘The Not Terribly Good Club’. such as painting and singing. and the book appeared on • problems various bestseller lists. and the burglar who wore metal armour • other things that it does to protect himself from dogs – the armour made • type of meeting so much noise that he got caught and it was too • who can be a member heavy for him to run away. the club itself soon disbanded. To qualify for membership. motto or song be? b If you were joining The Not Terribly Good Club. people gave public demonstrations of things they couldn’t do.11 L isten to two people describing clubs such as the World’s Worst Tourist. It had become too successful. ‘the slowest solution of a crossword’ (34 • the main idea of the club years). funny or a good idea? In 1976. 2 a 1. Make notes on the topics below. The stories included epic examples of incompetence. 0 2 Communication Can do present ideas clearly in an informal context 1 a Read about a club. You are going to form a club. W Think about the following questions. within two months of the book’s • how long she has been a member publication. 1 What type of club is it? 2 What events will you organise? 3 How will you know if the club is successful? (What are your goals?) 4 What is the name of the club? 5 Where will you meet? 6 How often? 7 How many people can join the club? 8 What do people have to do to join? 9 What rules will the club have? 10 What will the club’s symbol. Do you think the club is silly.000 • when and where it meets applications to join. logo. Pile was kicked out of his own club and b Work in pairs and compare your notes. who spent they belong to. As a result of his sudden • things they have learned fame.indd 32 13/08/2012 12:16 . 3 ork in groups. 4 Present your ideas to the rest of the class. Which what would your presentation be about? clubs would you like to join? 32 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Stephen Pile kept a record of these unsuccessful events and then published them as The Book of Heroic Failures in 1979. you had to be not terribly good at something and then attend meetings.

encourage. -ing verb or the infinitive. force. -ing form: We’d appreciate it if you turned down the music. It’s no use complaining all the time. For a standard of living monuments crime rate small difference we can use: slightly. bustling The government was considerably more corrupt 100 Phrasal verbs years ago. detest. nothing like : He is nowhere near as good as me at tennis. These are often used for describing personal opinions. The following verbs all show personal tastes: It’s a shame you won’t be here tonight. vibrant nightlife The population is marginally larger than that of Ghana.0 2 Reference Verb patterns (1) Introductory it hen one verb follows another. general impressions. meaning. it is the object of the verb. racial tension no-go areas cultural life I’m slightly taller than Peter. Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. order.indd 33 13/08/2012 12:16 . advise. ome of these verbs are related in meaning. marginally (formal). we can say: stay on She’s not as big as me. Key vocabulary Communities Comparatives (review) c ost of living cosmopolitan infrastructure T here are many expressions we can use to show if the mild climate freedom healthcare system difference between two things is big or small. unemployment traffic congestion pollution a tiny bit. fancy. following verbs show one person (or thing) influencing It appears as if they aren’t coming. far. etc. fter certain verbs. it is the subject of the verb. erbs which are followed by a preposition use the V I hate it when she does that. For a small difference we can use not quite as : see Writing bank page 82 This bed isn’t quite as comfortable as the other one. ome verbs which use an -ing form are related in S In these expressions. Adjectives to describe places For a large difference we can use: much. I look forward to meeting her. In this case. don’t mind. side by side vast run-down stunning packed They’re miles better than us at football. adore. tell. a little bit. T here are many expressions with as + adjective + as which show whether the difference is big or small. the second is either an W T here are a number of set phrases that begin with it. ome verbs can only be followed by the infinitive or the S -ing form. clause. ff the beaten track unspoilt diverse tranquil o miles (informal) . the actions of another: warn. I adore living here. (= she’s smaller) The new menu isn’t as nice as the one they had during the summer. See page 23. urge. 33 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. considerably (formal). The S It strikes me that he’s not as good as he was. look after catch up with put (someone) up I f we want to say two things aren’t equal. forbid. etc. allow. can’t stand. c atch on turn up get by fit in do up fill in as + adjective + as means the two things are equal: hold up carry out come across take to see to get through come up with keep up with It took me as long to drive to Cardiff as it did to travel come down to get away from take off pay back there by train. it can also be used to introduce a A I persuaded her to visit me. It seems like a hopeless case. (= It’s nearly as comfortable) F or a big difference we can use nowhere near. ther verbs take an object + the infinitive: O T here are several set phrases with it that refer to I told her to come here. persuade. I’d love it if we won the league this year. It amazes me to hear you say that.

2 Review and practice 1 omplete the sentences with the correct form of C 3 Complete the text with words/phrases from the verbs from the box (infinitive or -ing form). But if you (10) _____ in the centre of Brasilia 7 Poland ______ quite as cold as Norway. The city was commissioned by President Kubitschek 7 They persuaded us __________ an effort and to house the government and its buildings. were no traffic lights. however. Brasilia eventually had to install 5 Switzerland is much the ______ as it always has traffic lights. Brasilia’s actually see some of the city.indd 34 13/08/2012 12:16 . years later. It isn’t a charming city. 9 Members of the ski club are advised __________ Its detractors say it was built so that politicians could helmets while skiing. I recommend __________ a long and so they wouldn’t have to live (4) _____ with the holiday in the countryside. supporters say the city promotes growth in the whole 8 I can imagine __________ here for the rest of my of Brazil. as it is very regimented and lacks pretty little environment becomes. Brasilia was 4 We urged them not __________ a house in that completed in 1960. cars would go through tunnels 3 I ______ sooner go to Cartagena than Bogotá for and bridges in the sky. 5 She’s thinking of __________ for a job as a tour Brasilia has never forgotten Don Bosco: a cathedral guide. should also pay a visit to the futuristic cathedral built 8 Honduras is a tiny ______ bigger than Guatemala. (3) _____ the high crime rates of Rio and São Paulo 10 To relieve stress. 10 Rather ______ getting a job in Madrid. designed city (1) _____ in just three and a half years. the ______ polluted our Brazil. in the city bears his name. by Niemeyer. with designated areas for government than in the summer. buildings. for their own protection. machine. but its you will (11) _____ some excellent restaurants. You climate is similar in the north-east. clean and expensive. the construction of this specially area because it’s very expensive and noisy. In the original design. futuristic city in the heart of Brazil. which is a (2) _____ country (easily South life. streets. population. Seventy-seven 3 I look forward __________ from you soon. may need to add a preposition. 2 We didn’t mind __________ a few days in the In 1883. Chile is ______ pretty as Argentina. Italian priest Don Bosco dreamed of a town. the television tower with its (12) _____ 9 China is by far ______ most populated nation in views. I love it. etc. In order to (9) _____ a growing 4 Fiji is nothing ______ as rich as New Zealand. not just on the famous east coast. housing. why don’t you travel around Spain? 34 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Its architects (7) _____ a rigidly organised 1 You’d be ______ off going to Texas in the spring design. but we didn’t want to live there. never getting (8) _____ a holiday. 6 I object __________ such a high rent in such a horrible part of town. compared to other parts of 6 The more cars we use. America’s biggest). there 2 Paraguay is nowhere ______ as big as Brazil. the world. Brasilia seems quite empty and almost like a Chile is as pretty as Argentina. and the zoo near the airport. You box. population in (5) _____ areas. Instead of a (6) _____ city centre full of people. his dream came true. stunning came up with come across t ake pay spend apply consult hear keep up with side by side get away from make wear buy live turn up held up run-down carried out bustling vast 1 I encouraged the architects __________ the community about their new project. by excess traffic. 2 Complete each sentence with one word. been: safe.

Discuss the difference between the pairs of phrases (1–5). 35 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 1 a plot/a biographical sketch 2 a fake/a myth 3 a tall story/a fairy tale 4 a legend/an anecdote 5 a punch line/a joke b Can you think of any examples of the words/phrases above? 3 a Check you know the meaning of the underlined phrases. Tales 3 Lead-in 1 Look at the pictures.indd 35 13/08/2012 12:19 . 1 Do you think it’s OK to tell a white lie if it makes life easier? 2 What would you do if you heard that someone had been spreading rumours about you? 3 Are you sometimes a bit of a gossip? 4 Have you ever taken part in (or heard about) an elaborate hoax? 5 When you describe things. Work in pairs and discuss the questions. are you prone to exaggeration? 6 Do you know anyone who is good at making up stories? 7 Did you listen to bedtime stories when you were a child? Which were your favourites? b Work in pairs. Discuss the sentences from exercise 3a. 1 How are the pictures connected? 2 What types of story do they illustrate? 3 Are you good at storytelling? 4 What makes a good storyteller? 2 a Work in pairs.

1928–1960. the ideas. when the ‘He’s a pitcher. Sidd Finch and Nat Tate It was only years later.1 Famous hoaxes Grammar narrative tenses review Can do tell an anecdote Reading 1 a Work in pairs. 4 What is a hoax? This isolated tribe. George so excited about the discovery of Elizalde had left the country with all Plimpton. (i. piece Mobile for Tape and Percussion. not wanting to destroy 65 practical jokes. generations. carefully. Elizalde had paid them to act like clean: Finch was an invention. They explained that they 75 spell out ‘Happy April Fools’ Day’. The subheading of the article read: 4 Piotr Zak.’ Read the first letters of knew it was a hoax. Look at the photos and discuss the questions. A Boyd have different reasons? the famous Piltdown Man hoax – a 85 number of prominent critics claimed 3 What type of person would you 40 supposedly ancient skull that was to remember Tate’s work. the tragic Elizalde. government (and Elizalde) lost 70 recluse. The name Nat Tate is derived journalists and academics fall for Shinichi. What’s more. Manuel trips. 80 into a novel. 1 Why do you think people were a Stone Age tribe. The Philippines government. 3. April Fools’ 2 After losing power. Impressively liberated from 25 power. believe them)? 45 who faked vital discoveries for years galleries: The National Gallery (Nat) 36 before being found out in 2000. part yogi and part were all invented characters. He’d never 4 Why do intelligent people such as and chimpanzee teeth – to Fujimura existed. wearing Levi’s jeans and baseball. and the Tate Gallery. Shinichi. published in 1987. He 50 Polish composer. with stories ranging from biography of a New York painter. M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. It was 1 April. Unfortunately for them. Anthropology has William Boyd published Nat Tate: created these hoaxes? Did been a particularly rich field for American Artist. few people to visit them. Manuel Elizalde fictitious people. that the truth came out. Day. the Japanese archaeologist 90 from two of Britain’s most famous art hoaxes. communicating happily with other these words again. Sidd’s deciding 5 The public loved Piotr Zak’s and Researchers found the tribe living about yoga – and his future in Nat Tate’s work. Journalists technicians. among the public. An avant-garde 3 What do you think their 5 had found a Stone Age tribe living modernist. other people in the area. At least not until They lived in caves. another great hoax was to encouraged thousands of visitors filmed for TV. allowed only a truly extraordinary baseball player. used stone tools. 20 a way of life that had existed for ran an article about Sidd Finch. then extended his article the Stone Age tribe? the money. dollars were spent on research sports. just 27 people. artists of the century. claiming need to be in order to create a actually made of the bones of a that he had been one of the greatest successful hoax? medieval human and an orangutan. arrived from all over the world. HOA XES THA T FOO LED THE WOR LD 1 Where are the people in the main In 1971. British writer in a long line. and thousands of shake the world of American to see the tribe. Plimpton and hoaxers. The writer of the article.indd 36 13/08/2012 12:19 . It was a classic hoax. Piotr Zak was a doing? announced a great discovery. 1961. he was not well-known relationship is with Manuel in a remote part of the country. while he was working But perhaps the most interesting photo? as a government minister in the hoaxes are those that involve 2 What do you think they are Philippines.e. the magazine came questions. 3 ork in pairs and discuss the W 30 had been pretending all along – On 15 April. a 60 Nearly a quarter of a century 1 The Philippines government 15 documentary about the tribe was later. and in fact they didn’t piece had consisted of BBC staff even speak the same language as making silly noises edited by BBC 2 Write true (T) or false (F). our opulent lifestyle. 2 Why do you think the people 35 Elizalde’s hoax was just one Just a year later. a 3 There have been many hoaxes thousands of years. but the critics in villages. They people. Sports Illustrated tribe. when the BBC broadcast his Elizalde? and ate any food they could find. which is a day for playing Elizalde gave some money to the however. 55 Some music critics hailed it as a great b Read the article and check your 10 had been living this way for many work. connected with anthropology.

Guess which details your partner invented.13 Listen and write the sentences you in the past. Look at audioscript 1. that happened in your life (e. the people from the tribe didn’t live in caves any more.13 on page B Use the Past Continuous for actions in 90 and practise reading the sentences aloud. b 1. Swedish technician Kjell Stensson (6) __________ (work) on the development of colour TV for many years when he Active grammar (7) __________ (announce) in 1962 that everyone could 1 a) When the truth came out. Use it to 1 What were you doing when it happened? emphasise the ___________________ of 2 How long had you been doing it? the action. b Work in pairs.indd 37 13/08/2012 12:19 . from the tribe weren’t living in caves any more. and fooled thousands. a burger designed for left-handed people. 3 Where were you? Who were you with? 4 What had happened before this? Why? 5 What happened next? How did you feel? see Reference page 47 b Invent some minor details to add to your story. a time you did D Use the Past Perfect Continuous for something funny or learned an important lesson). Elizalde had now convert their black-and-white TV sets into colour. Can _ __________________ when something you hear the contractions? else happened. 3. asking (1–3) in the Active grammar box. The following day. 37 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. procedure was simple: you (8) __________ (have) to put a b) When the truth came out. b) When researchers arrived. engineering. reporter told the story. the country. 2 a) People believed the tribe had been Pretending that it (9) __________ (develop) the product for living the same way for centuries. nderline examples of the Past Simple. While the Continuous. verb form be more appropriate than the other in this context? In 1998. a news programme called Panorama broadcast a Continuous. C Use the Past Perfect Simple for actions completed ___________________ other Speaking events in the past. Past U In 1957. meaning (if any) between the pairs of sentences thousands of people (2) __________ (call) the show. the people cooked. As you listen. Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect story about spaghetti trees in Switzerland. The food company c Complete the rules (A–D) in the Active (3) __________ (publish) an ad in USA Today announcing the grammar box with the words from the box below. The already left the country. think of questions to ask. Stensson demonstrated. Following this. Pronunciation | contractions (1) A Use the Past Simple for finished actions 6 a 1. Which words are being contracted? of events in ___________________ order. progressive actions that started before Think about the topics below.12 Listen and check. Using genetic same way for centuries. c Work in pairs and take turns to tell your story. in brackets. Swiss farmers in the background b Work in pairs and explain the difference in (1) __________ (pick) spaghetti from trees. the main events happened.1 Grammar | narrative tenses review 5 a Read about some famous hoaxes.g. some time. Elizalde left nylon stocking over the TV screen. it would start whistling. Why might one how to grow spaghetti trees. and. new ‘left-handed Whopper’. a British supermarket announced in 2002 that b) People believed the tribe had lived the it (10) __________ (invent) a whistling carrot. Burger King (4) __________ (admit) progress length chronological before that they (5) __________ (joke) all along. Use it to describe a sequence hear. Use it when you are 7 a Prepare to tell a story about something already talking about the past. Complete the paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs 4 a Read the first paragraph of the article again. the carrot grew with holes in it. when 3 a) When researchers arrived. large numbers of Americans went to Burger King asking for a new type of burger.

3 be more specific about the things we are terrestrial. The fake ‘news bulletins’ about the invasion sounded so genuine that many listeners thought they were real. He children’s future. a large weather balloon floated into they are counterfeits. The owners. Richard and Mayumi 3 Instead of being extremely old artefacts. However. it was a hoax perpetrated by Indonesian digital artist Iskandar Salim. New Mexico. book. staged the scene in 1995. Do you agree with the sentences its hero was based on an Indonesian comic from exercise 10a? Give reasons and examples. Titled Gundala. US. but there was 4 Destroying the environment will destroy our no sign of the boy. 2 make what we say and write more interesting and memorable. had ordered him to. Then rewrite the 5 a big. with photos of the film in production and even a Wikipedia entry. After a one-hour journey 2. panicking. a film poster appeared heralding the by imprisonment. Heene. elaborate trick (n) (line 35) underlined words in sentences 1–5. arrival of a new superhero film. 38 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 1 Footage was supposedly filmed in 1947 of doctors performing an autopsy on an extra. 8 F ind synonyms for the words/phrases (1–10) from the article on page 36. b Work in pairs. The story goes that the alien describing. but it into believing that a product is exactly what they turned out that two English businessmen had need.1 Vocabulary | synonyms b Match the words from the box below to the underlined synonyms from exercise 9a. Try to think of Using synonyms can help us to: possible synonyms for the underlined words/ 1 avoid repeating a word we have just used. The 17-minute clip since spread around the world 1 Advertisers use a lot of tricks to trick people on the Internet and even spawned a film. crash-landed in Roswell. Had he fallen out? No. into the air.indd 38 13/08/2012 12:19 . phrases. nnouncing allegedly appearance attack a 1 tricked (v) (title) authentic carried out chased deceived 2 alone (adj) (line 9) doing instructed led to rose 3 ruin (v) (line 19) 4 faking (v) (line 30) 10 a Read the Lifelong learning box. 4 Actor/director Orson Welles’s 1938 radio <photo 3. 5 Hoaxes perpetrated on the public are very serious – the perpetrators should be punishable 3 In 2008. 9 a Read about four hoaxes. claimed their six-year-old son discoveries that are said to be extremely old was in it. but some people insist that was hiding in the family garage. the sky. 2 Many so-called authentic products look authentic but when you examine them closely you can see 2 In 2009.000 feet often turn out to be modern fakes. 6 extremely old (adj) (line 40) 7 extremely important (adj) (line 45) freed (adj) (line 70) In your own words Lifelong learning 8 9 expanded (v) (line 79) W hen learning new words it can be useful 10 extremely sad (adj) (line 83) to keep a note of synonyms. 3. The film had its own Facebook page and website. as his parents global warming is a hoax. the balloon landed. and pursued by US National Guard helicopters.7> production The War of the Worlds conned thousands of Americans into thinking they were in the middle of a full-scale Martian invasion.

The Girl Who Played with Fire and The Girl Who Why not? Kicked the Hornet’s Nest. 2 I couldn’t put the book down. 1 a interesting b moving c gripping c story quite moving.indd 39 13/08/2012 12:19 . The heroine’s story. is actually very (8)_____ because she has 7 I’m a real to overcome so many personal problems just to function 8 It’s a successfully in the world. 1 What sort of books do you like 3 Complete this book review with the correct words (a. To see her journey 1 I was from sulky cyber-geek to superwoman avenger is the main 2 It’s very reason I couldn’t (4) _____ the book down. a is gripping. a best-seller readable 5 It has a nice. 7 I was emotionally involved in it. heroine. Although a 2 a Match the sentence beginnings lot of the characters are quite (3)_____ dimensional. 3. is fascinating. quite gripping. 7 a readable b understanding c alive 8 a emotionally involved b moving c movable b Match the sentences from exercise 2a to the sentences below. which is one reason 5 The characters why teenagers like the books. 3 a one. 4 a leave b put c drop f a true story. I’ve always been an (6) _____ reader 4 I found the of crime fiction. 2 a hooked b gripping c hooking d readable. and Larsson’s work is among the best in the genre. ripping based on a true story moving g 4 It depicts real events. 6 a appreciated b interesting c avid h hooked. 3 The story really holds your attention. 39 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. be described by the words from the box. b Discuss the books on your list. b best-seller. b single. The style is very (7) _____. Although not 3 The story exactly a (5) _____. It’s very readable and 8 They didn’t really come alive for me. Lisbeth Salander. 5 a book worm b bookworm c well-read g are one-dimensional. easy style. c mono- e bookworm. 4 a Work in small groups. The series is absolutely (1) _____ and I was (2) _____ after just a few pages. reading? 2 What three books would you take to a desert island? I love Stieg Larsson’s trilogy The Girl With the Dragon 3 Would you like to be a writer? Why/ Tattoo. the (1–8) with the sentence endings (a–h). b or c).2 A good read Vocabulary compound words Can do describe a person in detail Vocabulary | books 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. 6 It has sold a lot of copies. although 6 It’s based on full of violence. Make a list of books which could 1 I’m an avid reader. The Da Vinci Code is a best-seller.

his ears while he slept. he looked like some wigwam warrior stained with suns and heroic slaughter. and do her ballet exercises 1 What type of person is being described in in front of the long mirror on each extract? Alyssa’s bedroom door. and he’d kept it. an amber specimen in a glass jar. She’s got the broad choppy 6 Do you know anyone like them in real life? legs of an athletic boy and the scowl of an old maid. at 75. As a self- extract describes the types of character conscious boy he’d tried different things with those ears. mind the colour of plums. a maverick. b Work in small groups and discuss your (The Stuntman’s Daughter – Alice Blanchard) favourite fictional characters. With his weather-beaten face. but Why/Why not? he was greasy-fast with a gun. Decide which R crooked and dark when he smiled. She stands in the sunlight.indd 40 13/08/2012 12:19 . f a character who is old but has a youthful painted large. Thin sandy hair. she sparks into action. 5 What type of book do you think it is from The problem was that he was (funny. if it came to that. a big awkward mouth. b a middle-aged and not very handsome (The Idea of Perfection – Kate Grenville) character c a character who is probably very bossy and 5 talkative Her grandmother was small and thin. 3. (The Best Revenge – Sol Stein) 3 What personal traits (characteristics) do they possess? 3 4 What memorable things do they do? Nola is a tomboy. He’d tried all kinds of hats. etc. the wasps won’t follow. Even now.14 Listen to three people answering (The Edge of Day – Laurie Lee) some of the questions below. put on tights and a leotard and tutu. Judge James Charles 1 Who is your favourite fictional character? Endicott Jackson … that tall. 5 a 1. He’d tried it long. 4 Do any of the people sound attractive? 20-year-old kid at the time. preached from the head look like)? of our dining-room table each evening of my young life. Eventually he’d grown the a a dangerous character moustache as a kind of diversionary tactic. he least attractive? Why? was a big boy and he had set 7 Would you like to read any of the books? out to prove to everyone that he was a man to reckon with. jug-handle ears. 4 He was 55. No b Listen again and check. My father is still living.2 1 For one thing he was unlike any other man we’d ever seen – or heard of. but less and less. There may be more than one made an elasticised band with elaborate leather flaps to flatten possible answer. Which questions do they answer? Make notes on 2 what they say. Bad teeth. she’d been a dancer. but he could have been ten years either side of Reading that. a hell-raiser. He’d below (a–f ). every kind 8 ork in small groups. He’d tried his hair short.)? spoiling for a fight and got it. 2 What physical details are included? Do they (Blister – Susan Shreve) show the people’s character? 3 What actions are described? How do these 6 reveal the people’s character? He was just a hot-headed. wide Listening teeth-crammed mouth. Then quick as an 6 a Make notes on your own answers to the insect. with tiny hands and d a very active child feet – fast-moving feet the size of a child’s – and washed-out e a character who probably has a tough job red frizzy hair that she dyed the colour of Red Delicious outdoors apples. and far-seeing blue eyes. Read the extracts W of dancer. (Slade – Robert Dyer) 40 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. still as an Indian or a stone. She had disappearing lips. and she’s 5 What problems do they overcome? captured my heart like no other. hollow-cheeked man who 2 How do you visualise them (what do they had made such a religion of the law. lean. she manages to smell unwashed. twice their size. At 6 Which person do you think is the most/ over six feet and 190 pounds. serious. All her life. 7 ead the book extracts (1–6). stepping on the dried brown grass. matter how many baths she takes. she’d again and discuss the questions. running down the hill where questions in exercise 5a.

She makes her own food and entertains herself for hours. etc.. impressions but once you get to know her. Use everybody even if he’s busy.. is . How to… describe people 6 He’s very career-orientated.. reads about law when he’s on holiday. 8 I’m a bit absent-minded. 1 He’s single-minded. Even (adjective) when they won all that money they The thing that strikes you about .. is that . I keep good things What I (don’t) really like about .. character.2 Vocabulary | compound words 9 Work in pairs. description of someone you know well...indd 41 13/08/2012 12:19 ... she’s . A B 3. Lots of people criticise their work. (negative adjective) 13 escribe your person to the rest of the class.. Which compound adjectives in the extracts are easy to guess because they have a literal (non-idiomatic) meaning? 4 What compound adjectives do you C think would describe people with the characteristics below? ork hard keep an open mind w look good think freely love fun 10 a Read sentences 1–8 below. Character – The thing I (don’t) like about .. (adjective) .. Look at the underlined compound words in the extracts and answer the questions.. forgetting where I put my glasses.. Make notes about 4 He’s so kind-hearted. At the party they refused to talk to anybody. Work in pairs and explain in your own words what the underlined compound adjectives mean. child. He even First She comes across as . didn’t get too excited. etc. 3 Writers have to be thick-skinned. physical details. b Work in pairs and compare your opinions of each person.... He always helps first impressions. Which one contains only a compound noun? 2 Which compound adjectives describe D someone’s character? Which describe something physical? 3 Sometimes we can guess the meaning of compound adjectives.. 1 All of the extracts on page 40 except one contain compound adjectives. but they 12 ead the How to... and bad He’s so + (adjective) things b Are the compound adjectives He’s such a (+ adjective) + person/man. box and prepare to write a short R try not to get upset. It took him ten years to learn the violin and he never Speaking gave up! 2 She’s very self-sufficient for a 11 a Look at the photos and write down compound adjectives to describe each person. 5 They can be rather stand-offish. is . compound words. negative or neutral? He can be a bit . positive. Did any of the D descriptions sound similar? 41 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03.. 7 They’re really level-headed..

Then the stock than a moderate success. 3. mother. it to TV. formed a group called The with a live one-man 6 After suffering a severe stroke. impressed with his experience. them.3 Jokers Grammar participle clauses Can do tell a humorous story Reading 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. 42 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. Having been no more show. b Groucho started writing disbanded. painted-on moustache. Minnie. Groucho met 4 At the age of 14. Groucho embarked 30s and early 40s. a Groucho went to live in the retired. Groucho. Groucho’s first love Tomb?’ Returned now to national in the movie business. Then these days. Go to 5 to find out. was the star. playing in small theatres. Pacific island. with a made their most famous films: but his mother had other What happened next? string of films throughout the A Night at the Opera (1935) and plans for him. Guess the answer to R the question at the end of each section. the brothers wanted to become a doctor. money and split up their act. Irving Thalberg. insomnia. a big name in singing with the LeRoy Trio brother. Go to 7 to find out. But with his health 5 Following a film called The Minnie died. a He became a singer. big in memory. Soon the Marx Brothers were the fifth greatest comedy suddenly another opportunity suddenly Groucho and his performing in the best venues all act ever by his fellow arose. But by now he was A Day at the Races (1937). but everyone c He was invited to perform would plague him for the rest everything changed in 1929. Groucho began to suffer from walk. helped the behind in Colorado. 50s and 60s. In the home. It father worked at home as a was so popular that they moved 3 Desperately attempting to win tailor and his mother. a condition that glasses. c Groucho returned to fame in own production company. His show called You Bet Your Life. What happened next? a He ran away to study c He started performing with his What happened next? a Groucho got sick and then medicine. encouraged by their ambitious 8 Groucho made a comeback in the 1970s. over the country. c Groucho won a TV fiction. when heights of fame and fortune. he retired. What happened next? b He wrote a book. for health reasons. Groucho would interview some money. Six Mascots. 1 Do you have any favourite comedians? 2 Which comedians are famous in your country? 3 Have they made any films? 2 ead about Groucho Marx. b Groucho went to live on a b They toured the world. 1 Julius Henry Marx was born in New York into a poor but loving 2 Groucho became host of a radio family on 2 October 1890. the Marx they suddenly started cracking of pneumonia in 1977 at market crashed. formed a musical act. Being funny came naturally to after Elvis Presley. extremely good singer. After hitting the it.indd 42 13/08/2012 12:19 . chicken. three days as though Groucho was going Depression. Some of the more memorable Hollywood. at least What happened? Depressed by the situation. His films may b He became a politician. Growing up with a comedian in questions included: ‘What Thalberg. which made them rich. recover in the 1930s? Groucho lost all his money. THE END a They invested in property. He was also an prominence. Having been left the family would have important colour is the White House?’ new friend’s act. and a cigar that he never not be watched much smoked. But. the Seventies. he began worked as a promoter for her the contestants and ad-lib jokes. His first tour wasn’t a great . a The brothers’ mother died and Go to 2 to find out. c The brothers set up their competition. brothers had lost everything. during a card game. c The brothers argued about c They started making films. b Groucho and his brothe Bahamas. uncle. fast-talking characters. It seemed the beginning of the Great jokes on stage. The audience loved the age of 86. Grouch consequences later. signalling Brothers disbanded. b The Marx Brothers rs Go to 4 to find out. Go to 3 to find out. as and ‘Who is buried in Grant’s Marx Brothers to get established had to work his way back o a child. one day failing. At this stage he was reading. Groucho lives on. He died Big Store (1941). with his comedians in a 2005 poll. entering his 70s. recognises those famous in front of the British royal of his life. a He started a radio show. Voted to fade into obscurity. King of Go to 8 to find out. the Jokers 7 Groucho and his brothers. comedian Al Shean. on his solo film career. glasses with the fake nose family. Go to 6 to find out. How did the Marx Brothers What happened in 1929? and moustache.

old comedians like Chaplin b Work in pairs and compare your answers. Give reasons.15 Listen to someone describing Groucho Marx’s life. 2 He had a great relationship with his mother. when ) and prepositions. 5 Tell jokes in a foreign language is What mistakes does she make? extremely difficult. C We often use the -ing form after conjunctions ( after . 4 Making to look out of date by modern comics. P (probably). The present participle sometimes gives background information. There are two types of participle: past participles (-ed forms) (for regular verbs) and present participles (-ing forms). Returned now to national prominence. Being funny came naturally to them. you should laugh even if you don’t think it’s funny. example of a past participle and a present participle in section 3 of the article on page 42. Active grammar T he article on page 42 contains several examples of participles and gerunds. B Having + past participle shows the cause of a second action (or a sequence of actions). efore . comedians 5 He was a lucky man.indd 43 13/08/2012 12:19 . c Read rule C and find an example in section 6 of the article. 6 His type of humour is still funny today. 3. PN (probably not) or DN (definitely not). D We can use the -ing form as the subject of the sentence.3 3 a Do you think the following statements about Groucho 6 a Find the mistake in each sentence Marx are true? Write D (definitely). Grammar | participle clauses etc. important.. and Groucho Marx are not funny these days.. 4 He had a long career. 7 After to watch Mr Bean and Chaplin. 1 When tell a joke. and correct them with participles. A We often use participles to add extra information to the idea in the sentence. 6 On been told a joke. d Read rule D and find an example in section 1 of the article. The past participle sometimes acts as an adjective. b After suffering a severe stroke. 3 Have become famous. usually get depressed. b Work in pairs and compare your answers. b Work in pairs. Minnie died. timing is very 1 He had a hard life.. Do you agree with the statements in exercise 6a? see Reference page 47 43 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 4 a 1. job because you make people laugh. Groucho had to work his way back home. Having been left behind in Colorado. 2 Work as a comedian must be a great 3 He had a great relationship with his brothers. I think physical humour can be 5 a Read rule A in the Active grammar box and find an as funny as verbal. Groucho embarked on his solo film career . b Read rule B and find an example of Having + past participle in section 7 of the article.

the genie says to the editor. 3. humour from the box to the Do you find it funny? people or ideas in sentences b Why do you think the speaker pauses at certain moments? Listen 1–8. Think about where you will pause. The genie says ‘You can each have one wish. 3 Do you ever tell jokes in Student A: turn to page 79.16 Cover the text below and listen to someone telling a joke. ’ 1 Do you know any famous actors/comics/writers/films associated with these types Speaking of humour? 2 Which types of humour do 9 a Work in groups of three. Whose joke was any special days when the funniest? Who told it best? people play jokes on each other? What happens? 44 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. We’ t the questions. check any words you don’t understand. and the situation gets funnier and funnier 3 Tom and Jerry 4 jokes about death and Three colleagues. Use your dictionary to again and read the joke. a photographer. 4 In your country.’ So opposite of what you mean the photographer says.indd 44 13/08/2012 12:19 . / 5 word play / One day. Fina lly. ‘I wan those two back before lunch. during their lunch break. where I can take a photographs.’ ‘important’ people Bazoom! The journalist is gone.3 Vocabulary | humour Pronunciation | speech units 7 a Match the types of 8 a 1. or saying the suddenly appears. ‘I want to live in the a big house in the countryside with 8 laughing at politicians and an enormous garden where I can sit and write for the rest of my life. are there b Tell the joke to the other students in your group. they walk along a beach and one 6 not saying exactly what of them sees a lamp. b Work in pairs and discuss ‘And what about you? What’s you r wish?’ So the editor says. Read your joke you like? and try to memorise it.’ Bazoom! Suddenly more than it is (sometimes the photographer is gone to his home in the mountains. English? Student C: turn to page 78. your own language or in Student B: turn to page 80. Then it’s for comic effect) journalist’s turn. You are going to tell a joke. Mark the pauses with / /. f arce puns cartoons black humour surreal irony exaggeration satire 1 bizarre (very strange) humour 2 a series of things go wrong. He picks it up and rubs it and a magic genie you mean.00 tonight. ‘I want to spend the rest of my life in a big house in the mountains with 7 saying something is much beautiful view. ve got a deadline at 6. other serious issues a journalist and an editor are covering a political convention.

but if anything went have to _____ _____ shots. or you 2 with no progress possible can make up your own. stood up in front of everyone and said. What was worse. wrong. and train as a chef. _____ fame and fortune so On my first day. but soon we’d reached a _____ _____ . 4 ork in pairs. 3 start to become successful good/bad person a 4 a time when you have to decide about your future a good looking man/woman Describing character/feelings as weather a problem a boss life 5 friendly character an easy task 6 with arguments and strong feelings a husband/wife a city 7 unfriendly welcome 8 ill a good person – an angel Describing business as war b Work in pairs. My father retired 7 She had her sights _____ and I got his job. the egos. Talk about the W topics below. 4 I’m the chief executive and After three years I became head chef in a restaurant called major decision-maker. you are was taking off. the closeness. Then destiny intervened. I learned why my father was the _____ when I landed a role way he was. I received a she went to Hollywood. frosty reception. _____ the _____ . 1 Who is the narrator describing? 2 We tried to develop the 2 What made them the way they were? project. My father was a top chef. I didn’t have my sights set on anything in a TV series. I held my breath. • a dead-end job you’d hate Whether you loved him or • something you have your hated him. I called the shots. Assistants 3 They’re always shouting who overcook the pasta by ten seconds usually struggle to get out and screaming at each of the kitchen alive. 3 omplete sentences 1–8 with C 1 What kind of relationship do the people have? the metaphors from the story. It was better than the dead end I’d reached with the job I’d been doing. Top chefs aren’t known for their warm personalities. I was the one in the firing line. Take turns 9 fight to read your metaphors. They can be 1 do the same things someone did before you metaphors you know. Now let’s get to work. The rich and famous started to visit the restaurant _____ the _____ line when and eventually I reached a crossroads: I could either open my own things go wrong. so I The Tortoise. You all know my father. We’d had a other. you’d like to follow in • someone who’d get a frosty reception in your home 2 atch the underlined metaphors from the story with the definitions M below.’ • someone whose footsteps And we did. Experiencing the sweaty 5 My career began to _____ kitchens. 12 have a goal/an objective 45 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 5 a Write metaphors for the Describing life as a journey things below. I mother’s _____ or work in a was feeling under the weather different field? – I had a cold. and my hands were shaking as I went into the kitchen. He is sights set on the past. much – I just wanted a regular job – but soon I realised my career 6 As the manager. Work in pairs and discuss the questions. but I decided to follow in his footsteps a _____ _____ ! anyway. They definitely have stormy relationship. 10 make the important decisions Your partner guesses what it 11 responsible if something goes wrong describes. I don’t care. 3 Vocabulary | Metaphors 1 a Look at the picture. As the boss. 2 What do you think is happening? 1 I went to the doctor because I was feeling a bit b Read the story and answer the questions. No one would 8 Will you follow _____ your talk to me. ‘My name is Leah • something you struggled to do Kleist.indd 45 13/08/2012 12:19 . restaurant or go and work for one of the big ones. When I began.

he found himself transformed establish the in his bed into a gigantic insect. (Pride and Prejudice – Jane Austen) first-person third-person narration (‘I’) narration (‘he’/’she’) 5 As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams. Think of an opening sentence for your story and write it down. continuation of the story. The question used to please me . head Which was the best story? Why? forward. each unhappy 1 ork in small groups.. narrator’s voice (Metamorphosis – Franz Kafka) humorous/ serious/formal/ informal/’spoken’ style literary style 6 All children. Scott Fitzgerald) catch the reader’s attention 4 It is a truth universally acknowledged. except one. Read the openings to some W family is unhappy in its own way. perhaps two. (Lord Jim – Joseph Conrad) 46 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. Take turns to read out powerfully built. (The Trial – Franz Kafka) c Check your story. d Work in small groups. (Peter Pan – J. grow up. 0 3 Communication Can do tell an extended story 1 All happy families are alike. pieces of fiction (1–8) and discuss the questions (Anna Karenina – Leo Tolstoy) below.M. Barrie) 2 a You are going to write a story called ‘Truth and Lies’. 1 What can you guess about each story? What type of story might it be? 2 Which extracts make you want to read more? 2 I’m often asked what it’s like to be married to a Why? genius. Which story openings (1–8) match the ideas in the notes? 3 In my younger and more vulnerable years. Write a wrong he was arrested one fine morning. Does it continue logically from the opening line? Does it have a beginning. 7 Someone must have been telling lies about Joseph K. middle and end? 8 He was an inch. (The Great Gatsby – F. under six feet. for without having done anything b Pass your sentence to another student.indd 46 13/08/2012 12:19 .. Which was the best opening line? you with a slight stoop of the shoulders. and he advanced straight at your stories. that introduce a jump straight into a single man in possession of a good fortune fascinating character the action must be in want of a wife. my present an show someone in a father gave me some advice I’ve been turning unusual situation lot of trouble over in my mind ever since. and a fixed from-under stare which made you think of a charging bull. (The Mind-Body Problem – Rebecca Goldstein) 3 Look at the ideas below for how to write a great opening line for a story.

warm personality a struggle have your sights set on Adverbial participle clauses sound formal and are more call the shots in the firing line common in writing than speech.0 3 Reference Narrative tenses (review) e can use participle clauses after many conjunctions W and prepositions. the past: e can also use participle clauses as the subject of the W We went to Paraguay last year. in spite of. expressing cause. (cause) Having + past participle is a special form that shows the cause of a second action/a sequence of actions. the kids had fun. he gave me a present. conditions. Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. he was exhausted. he bought a cake. actions or repeated actions. = Because he was feeling hungry. f arce puns cartoons black humour surreal s reduced relative clauses. make the order of events in a story clear. T he Past Simple can be used for short actions. Suddenly . A irony exaggeration satire we use a participle clause : Metaphors I recognise the man who is sitting over there. f ollow in his footsteps reach a crossroads ➞ I recognise the man sitting over there. I couldn’t put (it) down T he Past Perfect Continuous is often used to show the reasons for a situation: Compound words s ingle-minded self-sufficient thick-skinned He was angry because he’d been waiting for ages. e. e often use narrative tenses together in order to W once. se the Past Perfect Simple to talk about completed U Key vocabulary actions that happened before another action in the Tales past. kind-hearted stand-offish career-orientated level-headed absent-minded Participle clauses Humour We can use participle clauses in many ways. Before leaving. (= the kids ran and the kids had fun) e often use the Past Continuous to set the scene in a W OT: Waiting for hours.indd 47 13/08/2012 12:19 . ate and paid. progress at a particular time in the past: Running around till they were tired. i t’s very readable I was hooked se the Past Perfect Continuous to talk about actions U it was quite moving/gripping bookworm or situations which continued up to the moment in the the characters are one-dimensional a best-seller past that we are talking about: based on a true story avid reader depict emotionally involved come alive Before he gave up. see Writing bank page 83 Having run the marathon. sentence. when. etc. he was exhausted.) The sun was shining and the children were playing in the garden.g. 47 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03.. he bought a cake. long Talking is the best therapy. since. = After running the marathon. the day seemed to Tom as if it N narrative: would never end. The Past Perfect Simple is only used when we plot biographical sketch fake myth tall story refer to two actions/moments in the past: fairy tale legend anecdote punch line joke She took out a DVD. he’d been smoking for years. after.. Instead of complete verbs. Feeling hungry. T he subject of the participle clause is usually the same se the Past Continuous to talk about actions in U as the subject in the main clause. a career takes off a dead-end job frosty reception We can use participle clauses like full adverbial feel under the weather stormy relationship clauses. but I’d already seen it. without. (Tom was waiting. the day wasn’t. tell a white lie spread rumours a bit of a gossip e don’t need the Past Perfect when we are describing W elaborate hoax prone to exaggeration past events in chronological order: Books We ordered the food. We were talking about her when she walked in. as. before. se the Past Simple to talk about completed actions in U He swam in spite of having a sore arm. result.

48 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. messages been receiving over a thousand hits and I thought that the characters were a bit (6) oen-idsilanomne ed they had been from other entrepreneurs who claim compared to normal. A: He’s the new boss. (lose) 4 Complete the dialogues by adding one word. the site had the article. 5 When you swim. paintings in the national exhibition. (do) actually. indu stry more which made me laugh aloud. I found his latest book. they seem to have a very stormy _______ . which had been created Posted by Nina J . and he finally _______ .000. They all have (16) rlsuare plots that don’t make sense and aren’t funny. His previous book. e deciding that In April 2000 journalists at Esquire wer boring. The company didn n FreeWheelz famous but it would ‘on 1 April. 1 A: How are you? 1 Life’s biggest pleasure is when you do things for B: I’m feeling a bit under _______ weather. viewed 3 times] form of the verb in brackets. (have/be) 5 A: I don’t know whether to get a job or continue 7 As they were banned from exhibiting their with my education. (swim) B: No. viewed 10 times] by the author of the website. splitting the profits Posted by Olivier er trust a strange of the magazine. B: Yes. times when reading Brain Food – but those were (14) siildecafntoi accounts of things that really happened to him. (wish) B: Well. But Charms seems a bit self-conscious. they decided B: It seems you’ve _______ a crossroads in your to set up their own. It’s full of (3) albkc uhroum. The author with the owners name for $25. he _______ the shots. whe ers who were seeing launches on the web for real’. Use participle clauses with the correct [posted 20:05. I was absolutely (4) odehko. I wasn’t surprised it became a questionnaire for potential clients whi (10) sebt-lelres. I really don’t want to follow in my father’s 6 He had been famous for years. 3 Most of the dead animals that were found after 3 A: In 1988 you became Head of Exports. FreeWheelz ‘will transform the auto ’t yet become than Henry Ford did’. wanted some peace and quiet. had been an owned up. (wake up) B: Yes. (feel) B: Yes. I’ve lost interest in 2 ewrite the sentences so that they have the same R his work. were impressed. His recent novels don’t (15) etdipc the same type of characters or situations. we had to turn back. So they life at the magazine was getting a bit Posted by Nico an Internet published an article about FreeWheelz. 2 Anyone who wishes to take the exam must 2 A: How are Julia and Antonio? register in June. Because we couldn’t find our way. 8 David woke up early as usual and looked out of 6 A: So she takes responsibility for all the decisions? the window. Read [posted 16:41. The web (7) edbsa on a true story. she’s the one in the _______ line. the magazine concern you?’ In the following edit (12) ynior of his best work. viewed 8 times] of the artic le sold the FreeWheelz came in. meaning. Lost. Luisa went to bed. (find) right? 4 Because she felt sleepy. it is compulsory that you wear a 4 A: So are you going to become a carpenter too? bathing cap. The magazine prep domain name about it when suddenly an offer for the [posted 17:22. other people. isn’t he? Robbie ate all the cherries and then he was sick. Is that the earthquake were domestic pets. ‘Does hair loss a number of bizarre questions such as There are too many weak (11) sunp and it lacks the clever ion. we had to turn back.indd 48 13/08/2012 12:19 . Having eaten all the cherries. The article Charms. Robbie was sick. I am a complete bookworm and I’m a particularly (1) ivda rs free cars which were company that gave custome reader of Spike Davies’s fiction. a real (2) eapg-eutnrr. 3 Review and practice 1 F ind seven mistakes with narrative tenses in the 3 Put the underlined letters in order. he calls the shots. The conclusion? Nev His first novels were very (13) ogmniv – I cried about five story which contains the date 1 April. Within days Whilst I’d say that Charms is very (5) rbadlaee. article and correct them. which was site cont ained a planning similar businesses. (have/eat) Yes. explaining that the article ared to forget all April Fools’ hoax. was very (8) ggniprpi – in fact I ch was including (9) ulcdno’t tup ti dnow. had claim ed that covered in advertising. (ban) life. that’s when my career really took _______ .

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dedlaɪn\ n [C] a date or time by which
d countable noun i pronoun you have to do or complete something: [+for] The
e article j modal verb deadline for applications is May 27th. | [+of] It has to
be in before the deadline of July 1st. | meet/miss a
2
Find the grammar mistake in each sentence. deadline (=have or not have something finished on
time) working under pressure to meet a deadline. |
1 By this time tomorrow, we will have arrive in Peru. set/impose a deadline They’ve set a deadline
2 We were hot because we’d run. of Nov 5. | tight/strict deadline (=a deadline that
3 If I would have seen you, I would have stopped. is difficult)
4 It’s time we go home.
5 It mustn’t have been John – John’s tall and that b Complete the dictionary extracts below by
man was short. writing a definition for each one.
6 We haven’t been knowing her long. 1 over·priced / əʊvəˈpraɪst/ adj
7 The conference will held in the theatre tomorrow. ˈ
________________________________ :
8 I had my purse stole yesterday. The food was overpriced.
9 She persuaded me buying the car. 2 wan·der1 / ˈw ndə/ v [+around] [I, T]
10 He climbed up the Mount Everest. ________________________________ :
We didn’t know where to go, so we wandered
around.
3 ac·quaint·ance /əˈ kweɪntəns/ n [C]
________________________________ : I don’t
know her well – she's just an acquaintance.
4 i·ni·tia·tive /ɪ ˈ nɪʃətɪv/ n [U]
________________________________ : You need
to have initiative to do this job.

6

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Challenges
1
Lead-in
1
Look at the photos. Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
1 What types of challenge are shown?
2 Have you ever faced any challenges similar to these? What
happened? How did you feel?

2
Look at the sentence beginnings (1–8) and check you understand
the underlined phrases. Match them with the endings (a–h).
1 I like to set achievable goals,
2 It’s important to face challenges, but
3 She usually rises to the challenge, even if
4 If I succeed, it will make my dream come true, because
5 I couldn’t have done it without help, so
6 It was a burning ambition, which
7 It’s important to have the right attitude, because
8 It’s quite a daunting challenge, but hopefully

a I’d like to thank my family and my sponsors.
b I can achieve it.
c so, before starting, I always think about my objectives.
d if you are a positive person, it will be easier.
e I’ve wanted to do this since I was a child.
f you mustn’t be afraid of them.
g it’s something very difficult.
h I finally managed to achieve.

3
What are your goals (on this course, in your career or studies, or in your
personal life)? What challenges do you think you will face?

7

M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.indd 7 13/08/2012 12:09

1.1 Polyglots
Grammar verbs/adjectives/nouns with prepositions
Can do discuss your language-learning experiences

Reading
1
ork in pairs and discuss the
W
questions.
1 How many languages do you
speak? Why and how did you
learn them?
Why might the people in
2
the photos need to know
different languages?
What jobs require several
languages?
3 Do you think it is easier to
learn a new language when
you already know other
languages? Why/Why not?
4 Do you know any polyglots
(people who speak many
languages)?

2
a
Read the article and answer
the questions.
1 How did Francis Sommer learn
his European languages? Great language
learners
2 What advantage did Stephen
Wurm have as a learner of
languages?
3 According to Kenneth Hale,
what type of talent do

A
polyglots have? ccording to legend, Cardinal Another great linguist is Stephen
4 How is learning new languages Giuseppe Mezzofanti (1774– Wurm, Professor of Linguistics at
sometimes ‘easy’, according to 1849), who spoke 72 languages, the Australian National University
David Perlmutter?
once learned a language at Canberra. Wurm benefited
5 What do polyglots sometimes overnight in order to hear the 30 from the fact that he came from
5
worry about?
confession of two condemned a multilingual family. His father,
6 What bonuses and problems
prisoners the following morning. also a linguist, asked everyone in
has Ziad Fazah experienced
While this story sounds too the family to speak to the child in
because of his linguistic
amazing to be true, there are their own language. This meant
abilities?
10 polyglots who have achieved 35 that his mother addressed him in
b Work in pairs and discuss quite staggering feats of Hungarian, his father in English, his
your answers. language learning. grandfather in Norwegian, and his
Arguably the greatest of all grandmother in Mongolian. Because
3
ork in pairs and discuss the
W was Francis Sommer. Brought up of Wurm’s father’s work, the family
questions.
15 in Germany, Sommer was still a 40 also lived for periods in Germany,
1 What are the benefits of schoolboy when he succeeded Russia, China, Argentina and
being a polyglot? Are there
in learning Swedish, Sanskrit and Turkey. As a result, Wurm spoke ten
any drawbacks?
Persian. On a trip to Russia, he languages by the time he was six.
In your opinion, what personal
2
mingled with the international To most of us, the achievements
qualities are necessary to
20 community and, so the story 45 of polyglots seem superhuman,
become a polyglot?
goes, learned a dozen European but the polyglots themselves don’t
languages. He later moved to the see it that way. Kenneth Hale, a
United States, where he worked linguistics professor who speaks
as a research librarian, and by the around 50 languages, believes his
25 1920s, had mastered 94 languages. 50 talent bears similarity to that of
8

M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.indd 8 13/08/2012 12:10

“I let everything else and are very similar. myself. 1 master (v) (line 25) 2 In many countries. without knowing it. Occasionally. Besides While this earned him a reputation Therefore. a in a way that is impossible to understand 6 Many language learners find that native b to neglect something or allow it to get worse speakers speak __________ – they use lots c a form of a language which is spoken in only one area. On learn languages overnight. a Lebanese living in Brazil. they are d to speak quickly in a way that is difficult to understand imitating adult language. the US Consulate essential. unlike Korean. Sommer felt the same. 4 garble (v) (line 74) 3 The best way to __________ new 5 information overload (n) (line 88) vocabulary is by reading a lot. It a dialect called Hazaras. 4 atch the words/expressions (1–8) from the article to M 1 It’s easy to __________ foreign languages the definitions (a–h). programmes in Greece and Spain.” he says. Fazah. sit on a rock and talk Navajo to Miskitu and Sumu. of idioms and colloquial expressions. Fearing 115 Fazah is not widely known. Fazah cannot claim to these super-polyglots might get 100 some interesting consequences. 60 David Perlmutter. French and English at school. 110 to speak Chinese and Russian. 65 the joy of solving the puzzle.” Languages became an 85 are spoken in Central America After two hours. language students around the world does happen. with its own words/grammar 7 When babies __________ . likens the process of 90 Of today’s polyglots. 8 dialect (n) (line 107) 5 For most students. And while talent is that he has drifted into another. On one factor. years. Unlike But is there any chance that His astonishing abilities have had Mezzofanti. he is still a few and another Romance language. Ziad Fazah. both of which they brought him in for questioning. Hale recalls the time to distinguish between related grew suspicious of Fazah’s ability when he was learning Navajo: languages. 55 “I used to go out every day and I can mix up languages like Suspecting that he was a terrorist.. he gave up though that may change. “If around 60 languages.indd 9 13/08/2012 12:10 . the Brazilian police can apparently learn a thousand about garbling their languages? stopped an undocumented alien 130 words a month – a gift that 75 According to Kenneth Hale. he says.. slide. Fazah would envy and admire! begins speaking in one language 105 realised immediately that the man and. he was obsession. taught himself the other languages. stems from probably number one. however. but he confused? Do they ever get nervous one occasion. he has appeared on TV California. “it’s easy to learn Dutch. he They asked Fazah for help. people can understand 2 let (sth) slide (phrase) (line 58) the standard form of their language and 3 pick up (phrasal verb) (line 70) also a local __________ . language learning to a puzzle. he believes. you know English and German. __________ if you don’t use them regularly.” many great polyglots. finds was from Afghanistan and speaking 9 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.” 95 born into multilingualism. In recent of Linguistics at the University of learning new languages in later life. is where he was quizzed in multiple Mastery. g to learn without consciously studying b Work in pairs. Cardinal Mezzofanti. 6 babble (v) (line 103) 4 It may be impossible to __________ a 7 unintelligibly (adv) (line 103) foreign language completely. and 125 languages behind the legendary 70 you can pick up Portuguese quickly. e to learn something so well that you have no difficulty 8 If you know three or more languages. “Unless I’m attentive .1 Vocabulary | learning languages 5 a Complete the sentences using words/ expressions from exercise 4. he learned only as a phenomenon. a musician’s. A speaker of 120 languages including Hungarian. was not He passed with flying colours. 1.” Francis released. once you know Spanish his native Arabic. Professor information overload. with it you’re more likely to __________ your f too much to remember words. a love of languages is 80 happens especially when it’s difficult another occasion. Discuss which sentences h to mix up or confuse words you agree with. Japanese and Chinese. it who was babbling unintelligibly. more than ten new words per lesson equals __________ .

stems from to someone whose speech is full of mistakes. related languages . distracts you from the content of what they’re saying. some students’ spoken English Then listen again to check. why not? see Reference page 19 b Tell the class what you found out about your partner. but I know I’ll never sound like a native speaker. Make notes 1 Do you think you’ll succeed _____ passing your next on the questions. is riddled _____ errors. 7 What types of classroom exercises appeal _____ you? 8 Is pronunciation worth bothering _____ or are you Grammar | verbs/adjectives/nouns happy to keep your accent? with prepositions 9 Are you nervous _____ giving presentations in English? 10 How can your vocabulary benefit _____ using the 8 a Look at examples 1–5 in the Active grammar media? box and underline the prepositions. a Some of the vocabulary is similar but the grammar is completely different. What type of word does each preposition follow? b Match the questions (1–10) in exercise 9a to the possible answers (a–j). i A lot of the difficulties come from the fact that I can’t understand native speakers when they speak fast. Sanskrit and Persian. Check any new expressions in your dictionary. and also role plays. but I think it’s above? a good thing to do in class. the verb is usually in the -ing form. too. Does this matter or is fluency more important? 7 o you have similar experiences of language D 6 What distinguishes your first language _____ English? learning? Discuss with other students. I don’t know many idioms. 4 Do they ever get nervous about g Listening regularly to the news or looking at websites garbling their various languages? is good for learning new words. I’ve been studying hard and I really 1 Sommer was still a schoolboy. 5 What problems does he have? or are there other problems? 4 Do you feel you are lacking _____ vocabulary? b Work in pairs and compare your answers. 2 Where/how did he learn them? by living in an English-speaking country or by studying 3 What special techniques does he use? from books. e I think accuracy is important. b I always make an effort with the sounds of English. d I like class discussions best of all. which would you opt _____ ? 4 How does he feel about language? 3 Do your problems in English stem _____ poor grammar. exam? 1 How many languages does he speak? 2 If you could improve your English by watching DVDs. culture by living in Canada or Australia. he believes. Are the suggested answers from exercise 9b true for you? If not.02 Listen to Mark Spina talking from (x3) to in (x2) about (x2) for with about language learning. 10 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.1 Listening 9 a Complete the sentences with prepositions from the box. when hope I achieve my goal! he succeeded in learning Swedish. I think so. and it the joy of solving the puzzle . 6 a 1. Which of the sentences above Speaking use this structure? 10 a Work with a partner. but A Prepositions after verbs. phrasal verbs and it is difficult to distinguish between informal expressions. When the preposition is followed by B a verb. 5 Even at advanced level. It’s difficult to listen 2 Mastery. Discuss questions 1–10 from exercise 9a. 3 Wurm benefited from the fact that f I’d choose to immerse myself in the language and he came from a multilingual family. 1. nouns and I also need to work on my grammar! adjectives always have an object. b Answer the questions for rules A and B in the Active grammar box. Active grammar c Yes.indd 10 13/08/2012 12:10 . especially when h Yes. 5 This can happen. What is the object in each sentence j Speaking in public worries me a little bit.

I lived there for years so I know it like (a) Thomas Edison the back of my head/hand. but it might be China.’ (a) Alberto Santos Dumont 4 ‘Where did Elisha Gray come from?’ (b) the Wright brothers ‘Who? I’ve never heard/known of him.’ (a) Brazil (b) Uruguay (c) Germany 12 ‘Are you sure the Nile is the longest river in 6 Which country first allowed women to vote? the world?’ (a) Switzerland (b) New Zealand (c) the United States ‘Yes.’ 7 Who was the first woman to sail solo around the world via 2 a Complete the How to… box with the Cape Horn? underlined expressions from exercise 1. Try to use expressions W 1 ‘Who won the first Oscar?’ from the How to… box. 11 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.’ (c) Leonardo da Vinci 11 ‘Are you sure Russia is the biggest country in the world?’ 5 Which country won the first football World Cup (and hosted it)? ‘I’m fairly certain/positive it is.’ (c) Ferdinand von Zeppelin 5 ‘Do you know Paris?’ 2 Who invented the telephone? ‘Yes. I’m positive/fairly positive it is. I have a PhD in it.’ 4 Who invented the light bulb? 10 ‘Which country has the biggest population?’ (a) Thomas Edison (b) Alexander Graham Bell ‘I haven’t the faintest idea/clue.’ North Pole? 8 ‘What do you know about company law?’ (a) Robert Peary ‘I know it inside in/out.indd 11 13/08/2012 12:10 . but I can 1 Who was the first to fly a plane? look it up.’ WHO DID IT FIRST? 3 ‘What date did Man first go to the moon?’ ‘I don’t know/I’m sure offhand.’ (b) Alexander Graham Bell 6 ‘Which state has the smallest population?’ (c) Antonio Meucci ‘I’m pretty sure/positive it’s the Vatican. 1. I learned it at school. 3 ork in pairs and do the quiz.2 Famous firsts Vocabulary | knowledge Speaking 1 Choose the correct words in italics .’ 2 ‘What was the first book ever published?’ ‘I don’t know off the top of my head/hand.’ 7 ‘Do you know Eliot’s poem about cats?’ 3 Who first reached the ‘I know it by/at heart. ‘I haven’t an idea/a clue.’ (b) Frederick Cook 9 ‘What do you know about Belgian politics?’ (c) Roald Amundsen ‘I know close/next to nothing about it. (a) Ellen MacArthur (b) Amelia Earhart (c) Naomi James b How are the expressions different? Which 8 Which country first held the Olympic Games? are strongest? Which mean the same? (a) Italy (b) France (c) Greece How to… say how much you know/don’t know I know I’m pretty sure I don’t know I haven’t a clue.

It’s commonly assumed that Bell invented the Listening 3 telephone. 2 1. Philipp Reis had invented the phone. loudest noise ever heard in Uruguay.indd 12 13/08/2012 12:10 . the radio programme? What extra We often use the passive to show that a statement B information did you learn? is a personal opinion. we can use the passive to put ‘distance’ between ourselves and the statement. passives. box and write true (T) or false (F).03 Listen to a radio programme 4 In 2003. 6 It is often thought that rugby and sheep are the 1 Which ‘famous firsts’ do photos 1–4 main claims to fame for New Zealand. refer to? What can you remember about them? A We can use the passive to show that a statement is Did you find anything surprising in 2 not our own opinion. We can use appears/seems to have + past participle to b Read rules A–C in the Active grammar describe a past event. Listen again and 5 The cheering of the crowd is said to have been the discuss the questions. C If we aren’t sure that the information is 100% Grammar | passives: distancing correct. 5 a Look at examples 1–6 in the Active ther verbs for ‘distancing’ include It appears/seems O grammar box and underline the that and It seems as if/though . 2 He’s said to be the first person to have owned a flying machine. files were discovered which suggest that and check your answers to the quiz. c Why do you think passives are used in these sentences? see Reference page 19 12 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. b Work in pairs.2 1 3 4 Active grammar 1 Santos Dumont was widely believed to have flown the first plane. 4 a 1.

Practise reading your news 8 We now think that aspirin was first used by Egyptians. L istening to radio news or watching c Now look at the headlines in bold in audioscript English-language news is a great 1. 7 a 1. Which are 1 When and how can you access news the content words (nouns. etc. everybody in the US thought that the AROUND THE WORLD Wright brothers were the first to fly. 2 People believe that da Vinci invented the helicopter. People say that Edison invented more machines than 9 ork in pairs. 3 North American historians assert that the Wright brothers flew first. of the cartoons (about 100–150 words). bulletins. What achievements do they talk about? b 1.05 Listen to the headlines again and underline you particularly like or recommend? the stressed words. (seems) required to do these things? But it __________ though Edison invented fewer things than we thought. (assume) It __________ that the Wright brothers were the first to fly. (report) distancing. 2 Which is the most likely/unlikely? 1 But the evidence suggests that Edison didn’t invent as 3 What preparation or lifestyle would be much as we thought. (say) answer the questions. c Read your bulletins to the class. auxiliary verbs. 5 A number of journalists in the late 19th century said that William Dickson had ‘invented’ the movie. 7 Newspapers of the time reported that Felix Hoffman Use at least two passive constructions for had invented aspirin. It __________ that aspirin was first used by Egyptians. Listening 11 ead the Lifelong learning box.)? Which are the programmes in English? Are there any function words (prepositions. 6 We think Dutchman Joop Sinjou and Japanese Toshi Tada Doi invented the CD player at the same time. Work in pairs R and discuss the questions. b Work in pairs.indd 13 13/08/2012 12:10 .2 6 rite sentences using structures for distancing with W Writing and speaking the verb in brackets. Look at the cartoons and W anyone else in history. 1.05 Listen only to the headlines and write down Use the news Lifelong learning exactly what you hear. FIRST WOMAN TO SKATEBOARD 4 At that time.04 on page 88. 8 a Look at the headlines from exercise 7c. etc. (believe) Sinjou and Tada Doi __________ invented the CD 10 a Write a news bulletin based on one player simultaneously.)? programmes you’ve seen/heard that b 1. What problems did you have? way to improve your listening and vocabulary. FIRST MAN TO (think) LIVE WITH LIONS Da Vinci __________ invented the helicopter. (claim) FIRST TWINS TO REACH It __________ that William Dickson had ‘invented’ the 125 YEARS OLD movie. 2 What current news stories would you c Repeat the sentences. stressing the underlined words. (assert) It __________ by North American historians that the Wright brothers flew first. Concentrate on putting stress on (believe) the most important words. verbs. Sometimes it helps to hear the news in your own language before Pronunciation | word stress (1) listening to the same stories in English. dison is said to have invented more machines than E 1 Which story is the most interesting? anyone else in history. It __________ that Felix Hoffman had invented aspirin.04 Listen to some news headlines. like to listen to in English? 13 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.

this changing? 4 McManus is _____ the biggest challenge of his career. Look at the activities in the box and discuss the questions. articles and try to work out the meaning. you can achieve almost anything. make notes. b Complete the sentences using words/expressions from What similarities are there between the exercise 5a. nothing will stop 4 What do you think of the fathers’ you from _____ behaviour in these two cases? Would straight for the top. but _____ and came through to the final. not for boys. but don’t _____ them too hard. you have reacted similarly? Do you believe that parents should influence 8 Encourage your the ambitions of their children? kids to try new things. Student A: read about Bia Figueiredo on Vocabulary | achievement page 15. Student B: read about Carlos Acosta on 5 a Work in pairs.’ Do you agree? Is it the same in all countries? 6 Woods found the course tricky at first. colleagues. 1 Do you think that women have limited 3 Ellen MacArthur _____ her dream of sailing solo around the opportunities in the world of sport? Is world. 3 Do you think sport or dance can help reduce levels of delinquency in 7 If you win this teenagers and young people? championship.indd 14 13/08/2012 12:10 . As you listen. men or neither? Why? 2 Are there any other activities which you think men or women do better? driving cooking gardening doing jobs around the house expressing emotions looking after children being alone teaching ballet tolerating pain listening to other people 2 Work in pairs. Find the words/expressions (1–8) in the page 77. 1 Who generally does each activity better: women.3 Burning ambitions Grammar perfect aspect Can do talk about your achievements Reading 1 Work in pairs. two stories? 1 It was obvious that Venus Williams had the _____ to become a tennis champion when she was very young. Read about an ambitious person and make notes on questions 1–5 below. 14 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. 1 What is/was their ambition? 1 head (straight for the top) 2 To what extent have they achieved it? 2 pursue (a dream) 3 What challenges have they faced? 3 deal with (chauvinism) 4 Who has helped them achieve their 4 face (barriers) ambitions? How? 5 believe in (what you can achieve) 5 Any other information? 6 have the potential (to do something) 7 persevere (with something) 3 Tell your partner about the person you 8 keep pushing someone (to do something) read about. 1. 4 Work in pairs and discuss the 2 Ralf Schumacher had to _____ with criticism from his questions. 2 ‘… there is a prejudice that ballet is 5 If you _____ yourself.

aware and accepted the financial burden with good humour. she has done very well.000 short!’ what she can achieve: ‘I have a lot to learn. 50-minute tests before each race.. determined as Rubens Barrichello and as any other ‘I once heard a Formula 1 team boss say it costs $10 driver I’ve ever worked with. helmet could open motor sport to new audiences. controlled. ‘The first Yet Bia will have to deal with chauvinism. ‘I was least of the barriers facing her is whether motor sport five or six. I’m only $9. 1. For the champion is a girl. and Bia Figueiredo is pursuing hers in the people have more chance of being happy. ‘Given these ‘Beaten by a girl .3 Fast female ORDEM E PR OG RE SS O heads for Formula 1 Is Formula 1 ready for its first female star? Matt Rendell travelled to São Paulo to meet Bia.’ Brazilian Formula Renault Championship. Naylor Borigis disadvantaged. As for Bia herself. smiling and then adds: ‘But she will have I managed to wait. when other drivers I believe I have the potential to reach Formula 1. By pursuing what they enjoy.’ her father says.’ million to become a Formula 1 driver. And Brazil’s best drivers. love with the noise and the crashes. soon. and did four. Somehow. He told me I had ‘A beautiful woman is always welcome. For Motor racing would not be every father’s chosen in Brazil.’ of Formula 1. a wave of dense dark hair flows freely. today. she believes in the future and in ‘OK.990. I first met Bia Figueiredo in May 2001. As the swarm of go-karts completes its final warm- up lap and hurtles across the starting line.. ‘But the element of risk can be predictable sport. Jorge. Barrichello. ‘She’s as cool. it can be dangerous. for short – and she is heading straight for the top. the race is on.’ to be quick and mentally tough. I’m much more afraid of Bia not doing The Ayrton Senna Kartodrome in Brazil is a theatre what she loves.’ Alex Dias to be seven before I could learn to drive. she is being spoken of as the possible future career for his daughter. for a family that is well-off. says that Bia was de Campos. Thirty minutes later. who is tipped to join the ranks of her country’s greats – Senna. One man who believes in Bia’s potential is her Compared with other drivers at this level. She has already beaten the boys from Brazil at their own game. Ribeiro says. He compares Bia favourably with having encouraged his daughter’s passion. Piquet. She went to one of the best schools in São perhaps one day be a great driver. he has the best of his protégés. the woman to transform an increasingly Jorge concedes. I feel a little sorry for anyone in her way!’ sponsors and perhaps a whole new lease of life. Now she is in her 20s and still winning. She was 16 and her rivals on São Paulo’s kart scene – all male – had been suffering the obvious taunt for eight years: when other drivers were on the track. He has worked closely with most of already dreaming of Formula 1 at the age of six. One day ‘She was born with a forceful personality and. Bia is mechanic and mentor of nine years. when the winner’s helmet is removed.indd 15 13/08/2012 12:10 . Bia could only do two temperament is right: I’ve got plenty of animal instinct. by most standards. ‘Yes. Not the time I went to the kartodrome. I said to myself. Bia’s father. which meant she was doing school work 15 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. Now she’s ready to take on the world. but my Because of the expense. I begged my father to take me and fell in is prepared to accept a genuine female contender. I think of dreams. the image of her long hair spilling out of her she’s still forceful and has a caustic sense of humour. Ana Beatriz Figueiredo – Bia.’ she tells me. again?’ constraints. because Formula 1 is Money pressures are inherent in motor racing. even a pressure cooker’.’ Paulo.

1 How difficult do you think it is to do the activities below? 2 I asked what had been happened. b Tell the class about your achievement.. follow up I’m planning to . tense ( Past Perfect ... 3 I’d always thought it would be great to cycle The whole thing was across a whole country. 1. challenge 1 I’ve always run.06 Listen and answer the questions. 16 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. I’d been working really hard. 11 a Prepare to talk about something you have achieved. Make notes using the see Reference page 19 headings in the How to. 5 Before I came to the US. box. 7 1. • run a marathon 3 I chose this school because I’d hear it • work abroad was the best.indd 16 13/08/2012 12:10 . We felt we’d before that past now accomplished something. 3 What challenges did they face? 7 By the time she retires.07 Listen and check your answers. (tense: _________________ ) Details We set up .. I’ve been doing voluntary work all my adult life.. 8 ead the Active grammar box. Underline the perfect tense R in each sentence (1–3) and complete the name of each b 1. quite a (3) _____ . Speaking Active grammar 10 Complete the How to. • start your own business 4 He should have finish by the time we get back. Perfect continuous tenses. I never been 1 Which activity from exercise 6 has each speaker achieved? abroad. or is temporary. (tense: _________________ ) It was very tough. but 2 What do you think is the best way to prepare for each one? nobody could tell me.. 2 What did each person say about their experience? 6 I’m so exhausted. but just for myself. Results/ I’ve learnt a lot. erfect tenses can be used in the simple or P It was a fantastic continuous forms. Future Perfect or Present Perfect ). focus on an event which continues.. 2 Next week I’ll have been here for three months. who I’ve 6 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. like learning experience. box. this is my friend Amy. she’ll have be working there for more than 50 years.. (tense: _________________ ) How to… talk about an achievement past now Background I’ve always .... We (1) _____ to organise … three months ago now next week Problems I didn’t know what to (2) _____ . V The perfect aspect is used to refer back from one xpect decided expectations e point to a point in time before that. been knowing for absolutely ages. erbs used in their perfect forms link two times.. 1 Jake. Grammar | perfect aspect 8 I’ll phone you as soon as we will have arrived. Next March I’ll have been playing with the team for five years.3 Listening 9 a Correct the mistakes. other continuous tenses. How it felt It exceeded my (4) _____ . information I’d never done .

A: Yes.’ said the monosyllabic Johnson. ‘They outplayed us. work part-time. single-handedly (aware) brought his side back from the brink of 3 A: I’m 70 years old. A: He’s a little bit rude! On Saturday Mick Johnson. Look at the opposites below. 3 Which prefix means ‘not wholly’ or ‘half’? 4 Which can have a negative meaning? 1   2  3  4  5  c Work in pairs. (weight) 6 A: My estimate was wrong. to play for Sidcup United. I quit my main job but I still disaster. I thought there would be ten people here. leaders. (estimate) 1 Which prefixes suggest a large/exceptional degree. probably the best footballer ever A: I was __________ that you were a vegetarian. With a superhuman effort. 17 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. I weigh too much. 2 talented         untalented 2 ‘Winning the league isn’t impossible for us. but was indecisive with his shot. B: Really? So the numbers weren’t equal? A: That’s right. 4 The team looked demotivated. (retire) got the goals and we took home the points. (number) 5 A: I must go on a diet. B: Really? b Read the story again and answer the questions. Trailing by one goal (understand) until the 68th minute. 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. I don’t know why B: Pardon? we misfired so badly. but it’s irrelevant. or amount? 3 a Work in pairs. 1 Vocabulary | Prefixes 1 a Read the story below and underline 12 prefixes. I __________ the numbers. Use prefixes. (polite) performance by the unimpressive league 1 A: Our interpretation of the instructions was completely wrong. B: Sorry? Johnson.indd 17 13/08/2012 12:10 . the multi-talented B: Pardon? Londoner – previously a semi-professional basketball player – rescued a sub-standard A: He’s rather impolite. Johnson’s manager. not 50. and only six of us. team had looked tired and under-prepared. Where do you fit on a scale of 1–5? Tick a box on 2 Which suggest ‘not enough’? each line. said. Paul Deacon.’ said Deacon. Johnson B: Pardon? scored two goals in two minutes against arch- A: We completely __________ the instructions.’ 4 A: We lost the match because they had more players! There were ten of them. 4 overpaid         underpaid 5 political         apolitical b Compare your position with other students. We were completely __________. B: What? A: I’m __________. 3 imaginative         unimaginative 3 ‘Yeah. We A: I’m __________. we won. What do the underlined prefixes in sentences 1–4 below mean? 1 super-fit         totally unfit 1 Johnson had an early chance to score. rivals Blackbridge Rovers. Johnson’s overcautious 2 A: I didn’t know that you were a vegetarian.

You aren’t goi of children’s games – it’s in public. a feel like tur delicious feast you will bath. b start dreaming of the will stop you once you’ve prepare.08 Listen to someone describing what the answers say about your personality. You will have e or you need to wash 3 You are asked to per you have tickets for a gam of a large audience. caf és while. of a bri llia nt excuse – for example. You s. Discuss your answers and explain why you chose them. This is you r children’s behaviour. then arrange a me eting wi parachutists before commi discuss the piece. like it. and dietary requirem wh at you ’ll have to do. c see what your friend . ents. a quickly think form in a local play. b 1. th excitement. ages. to learn some lines and act in front your hair that evening. You can’t tak cinemas. Do you agree with the ideas you heard about? Why/Why not? 2 Work with another pair and discuss the questions. friends and family wh 7 You are asked to be the c ask all your colleagu You they think. then say c find out exactly to write a piece about you r you’ll think about it. You 2 You get an offer to wo live in all that lt new langu age and e the time off work and you have to learn a difficu or nig htl ife. Nothing wi ll stop you! a refuse politely. a say no. Only le and if there’s Internet sch edu middle of nowhere. But around the world. the chance of fame and fortun e. It doesn’t rea how much it’ll cost. children for one evening. hobby. b keep going. b or c for each situation. It could be a gre at night. you mortality rate of of the magazine to see if c find some statistics on the c read previous issues th the edi tor to tting yourself. chocolate cake and You rself b buy a large bag of bal par ty of ng to make a fool of you going to be the a say no. They want you to join the m. 8 A magazine wants you charity.indd 18 13/08/2012 12:10 . say ing you ’re too at a b jump up and down wi edi tor the sons. You ke sur e cold and wet and you are t food restaurant. c Work in pairs. you won’t be available. 1 Which would be the most difficult/the easiest challenge for you? Why? What preparation would you need for each challenge? 2 3 Do you think challenge involves being in extreme situations? Or are there more challenges in day-to-day life? 4 Which do you think are tougher: mental or physical challenges? What examples can you think of? I K E A C H A L L E N G E? DO YOU L k for 15 people. Nothing kery books and work ou t s’ coo started. the century! ct start singing. so lots loons. an isolated place with no sea gets annoying after a boots and a sailing hat You the b buy some large rubber a madman would live in immediately. matter if you reach the top ce on a sailing boat that will go it means 6 You are offered a pla rk abroad for a year. and ma ning rou nd and going home to a ho take your order on the nig ht. Who needs nig access on board and what you may love it. at babysitter for six young es. You don’t have time to write ee young to die. c ask about the exact htclubs and cappuccino? And the food will be like. b accept. 18 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. write thr a refuse. so you 4 Your friends decide to a explain that you’re far about it. It is 5 You are asked to coo eaway untain with some friend t the name of a good tak 1 You are climbing a mo a immediately find ou the y’ll be abl e to halfway up . 0 1 Communication Can do respond in detail to a questionnaire 1 a Read the questionnaire and choose a. exa b jump up on stage and c ask for details of the n thi nk abo ut it. What fun! And wh them all to the b immediately book les different drafts and offer ! great view you’ll have too next day. lly c consult your parent s want to do. You do a parachute jump for too busy doing it.

since and just : W By January. Key vocabulary ( It isn’t the speaker’s decision. ead (straight for the top) pursue (a dream) h deal with (chauvinism) face (barriers) believe in (what you can achieve) Perfect aspect have the potential (to do something) e use the perfect aspect to refer from one point in W persevere (with something) time to another point in time before that. by the end of the day .): oun + preposition: N By June we will have finished the project. it is an impersonal rule. actions that happened before another in the past: appeal to . unimpressive underpaid overpaid apolitical By 6. s uper-fit unfit multi-talented impossible She ’d lost her ticket so she missed the show. but there was little evidence. I haven’t the faintest idea He was reported to have been living in Brazil. i n the past but when the exact time isn’t relevant to this discussion or isn’t known: Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. bother about . I know it inside out I don’t know offhand She was thought to have come from Germany I know next to nothing about I’m fairly positive originally. This means P erfect continuous tenses focus on an event which P that the speaker/writer doesn’t want the whole continues or is temporary: responsibility for the ideas they express. to the delight of . benefit from He wanted to go to Rome. but I’d already been there. Passives: distancing I’ve just been speaking to Mickey. rise to the challenge make my dream come true i n formal writing. I’ve just heard the news. prepositions i n the very recent past (especially with just ): There are many fixed phrases which use prepositions. I’m pretty sure I’ve never heard of him It was claimed that the president had not seen the I know it by heart I know it like the back of my hand documents before the scandal broke out. (2) finished by a certain time. distinguish from . I will have been here for a year. but there Achievement was only one sighting of him. see Writing bank page 81 19 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01.) Challenges You must hand in the essay by Friday. when the focus is on achievements couldn’t have done it without burning ambition and events rather than the people responsible: have the right attitude daunting challenge The vaccine was discovered by chance. Knowledge It is said that he was able to speak more than 20 I haven’t a clue I don’t know off the top of my head languages. assives can be used for ‘distancing’. is often used to make a statement less personal and We’d been playing football when it started to rain. monosyllabic demotivated arch-rival indecisive e use the Present Perfect to describe something W single-handedly outplayed semi-professional that happened during a period that includes past and sub-standard misfired irrelevant superhuman present: overcautious underprepared We’ve been here since Friday. but has a result or effect in the present: Oh no! I’ve lost my passport. slightly more polite: We don’t allow that. rely on . djective + preposition: A e use the Future Perfect with time phrases with by W short of .0 1 Reference Verbs/adjectives/nouns with i n the past. Learning languages ere are some common passive expressions to show H ick up let (something) slide master garble p that we are not certain of a statement: information overload babble unintelligibly dialect It is believed that the thief was an ex-employee. etc. She’s lived in over 20 countries. succeed in . but there is no proof. riddled with . nervous about ( by this time next week . lacking in . ➞ That isn’t allowed. a new form of e often use the perfect aspect with for .indd 19 13/08/2012 12:10 . s et achievable goals face challenges ➞ The essay must be handed in by Friday. It shows that keep pushing someone (to do something) the speaker sees one event as: (1) linked to a later Prefixes event. stem from .00 I will have finished work. erb + preposition: V e use the Past Perfect to talk about completed W opt for. The passive She’s been working as a nurse since 2001.

has been B: head / I / top / tell / off / the / can’t / found in a village in Brazil. she leng es thes e imm igrants Among all the other chal will be at the university ten years. children invented the language whil 4 Write B’s replies in the correct order. 5 A: Who’s Michael Vaughan? 2 Ex-President Michael Nkrumah is said be recovering B: never / him / heard / I’ve / of / . and correct them. drowned during a storm. 6 A: Who’s the President of Colombia? 3 Michaela Kritzkoff. 9 a opted for b succeeded to c succeeded in 3 A: Can you help me? I need some 10 a intelligible b unintelligible c intelligibly information about space travel. and a simp le code of sounds. He was ama zed that origins of Hawaiian Creo my first competition. their bosses. It believed that she had of / my / you / . they were able to (4) ____ Instead. 3 a babbling b garbling c cramming 1 A: Have you ever been to Prague? 4 a discuss b pick up c pick out B: Yes. Mandy will land at the airport communication. short time. John! We’ve just talked about you! _____ increased understood language. _ was to unde rstand each (1) _____ . A: What is Pelé’s real first name? 1 a made b knew c faced B: pretty / I’m / Edison / it’s / sure / . everything but could be (6) _____ all of them diale ct. 1 Giant multinational research centre Sci-Corps seems 4 A: When’s the best time to go there? to abandoned its research into cloning after pressure B: far / as / concerned / As / never / I’m / . This expected to see a big man. . The language Hawaiian Creole was igrants from necessity. To these immigrants. speaking owners of 1 By the time she finishes her degree. 2 a daunting b definite c harsh I’m pretty sure it’s Edison. I/. 5 And finally. suga r plan tatio ns in Hawaii. grammar. In creating a language that was (10) before 2100. With 7 Hi. 1 Review and practice 1 Complete the text with the correct words/expressions 3 F ind the mistakes in nine of the sentences (a. igra nts had (9) ____ _ within a generation. 6 a riddled with b distinguished from c defined by 2 A: How many women have succeeded in Formula 1 racing? 7 a reminds you of b stemming from c lacking in B: I / many / know / not / but / don’t / 8 a benefited from b benefited c mastered offhand / . b or c). the most (2) ____ 2 He was delighted when they told him he rstan d the Haw aiian other. I’ve never seen the man before yesterday. everybody (8) 8 It’s 9 o’clock. Derek Bickerton stud 9 I’ve been running for years before I entered le. r ethn ic grou ps people. from the government.indd 20 13/08/2012 12:10 . Sarah Smith reports on tomorrow’s weather. at least an hour! (5) _____ body lang uage 1910 a 5 It was a shock when I saw him. thousands of imm I’d never seen the man before yesterday. othe 3 I feel healthier now that I took up ____ _ . it seems if summer really is coming. ied the Many years later. she found out she included words and sounds from by its diffe rent was fired. / I / of / the / hand / like / my / 5 a persisted in b appealed to c relied on back / it / know / . well from the stroke he suffered last Thursday. After a must have sounded as if they were (3) kickboxing. _ som e Eng lish. the imm 10 We’ll have use up all the world’s oil long ____ _ to all. new language had emerged othe r lang uages. and by : Haw aiian Creo le. 20 M01_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U01. things changed fast. B: know / nothing / it / to / next / about / 2 Find the mistake in each sentence and correct it. they 4 Where were you? I’ve been waited here for but barely enough to communicate. in his book Roots of Language e playing together. English- Europe and Asia went to work for the when he knocked on my door. Her desk was empty. In 1880. the explorer who disappeared for a month while canoeing along the Amazon. Hawaiian Creole. when invented through he knocked on my door. and to unde had got the job. at the age of 46. 4 British Commonwealth boxing champion Roderick Bland appears to finally retired. but he was tiny. is gone. he says that the fact. by now. 6 When she got to work. I would However. a simple this new easily (7) _____ complex structures.

Which four features from exercise 2a are the most important to you? Why? 21 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 1 reasonable cost of living 2 cosmopolitan 3 good transport infrastructure 4 mild climate 5 personal freedom 6 efficient healthcare system 7 high standard of living 8 interesting historical monuments 9 high crime rate 10 high level of unemployment 11 traffic congestion 12 a lot of pollution 13 racial tension 14 no-go areas 15 no cultural life 16 vibrant nightlife b Work in pairs.indd 21 13/08/2012 12:16 . Write positive (+) or negative (–) next to each feature (1–16). Communities 2 Lead-in 1 Work in pairs and look at the photos. 1 What types of community are shown? 2 What are the positive/negative aspects of each? 2 a Check you understand the underlined words/phrases. Discuss the questions.

even found the apartment where my grandmother still lives. Community is so important to us. and you still hear Greek spoken in the bars and restaurants. Youngsters visit the elderly. USA B There’s a very strong sense of community where I live. Vincenzo. You can buy Greek food like tzatziki and baklava everywhere you go. People look after each other’s children. but we’ve held onto old values here and I think I think our communities are changing fast. Ireland out local shopkeepers. The schools are closing one by one. so people live cheek-by-jowl and rely on each other. and people don’t want to go to five different shops when they can stock up on everything in a supermarket. example. You see it all the time. People don’t mind helping others. they were penniless and spoke no English. Australia 22 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Cornwall. Melbourne. but I guess that’s the way the world is going. Personally. That has carried over to our communities in Australia. New York. The area was full of bakeries and trattorias where people from the old country still spoke the dialect and served Italian food.indd 22 13/08/2012 12:16 . the big supermarket chains have driven Devin. Cork. I know C the world is evolving. Everybody knows everybody else. I can’t imagine living in a big. soulless city. they also paid some of his changing for the worse? Who has positive things to say? fees. I think they damage the local economy. the elders in the community not 2 ead the comments (A–D). Maybe it’s because Greece is made up of lots of little islands. Reading When they arrived. where you’re anonymous and don’t know your neighbours. 2. For that’s a good thing. It was the community that helped them 1 Look at the photos. lent them money when they couldn’t afford to 2 What do you think life is like there? buy groceries. Paula.1 My community Grammar verb patterns (1) Can do give advice/make recommendations about places A My family emigrated from Italy to the US 50 years ago. UK D Here in Melbourne there is a big. And of course we have the Antipodes Festival. where you avoid going out at night because you’re worried about the high crime rate. The local shop that has been there for a hundred years is going to close. It’s a shame. When my father was thinking of going to college. Kouros Calombaris. It was a real community. Lots of families object to sending their kids to a school six miles away. Other Italian-Americans got them 1 Where do you think each community is? jobs. That’s all gone now. I can’t stand shopping in those places. which showcases Greek culture. but what choice do we have? Our hands are tied. Who thinks their community is R only advised him to do it. get on their feet. very visible Greek community and I don’t think that will change any time soon. Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

(avoid) 14 I’d recommend to go to the local restaurant. The first has been done for you. You really must go to the National Gallery. 1 Do you agree with Vincenzo that communities are not 8 Complete the table in the Active grammar box as strong as they used to be? If so. How much contact do you have with your local 2 community? Do you know your neighbours? Do you use local shops and services? Active grammar verb + -ing verb + infinitive Grammar | verb patterns (1) 5 a Look at the extract below and underline three verb patterns (verb + verb). 2. 2 You should go to Brixton Market on Sunday. Other Italian-Americans … lent them money when they couldn’t afford to buy groceries … verb + object + verb + When my father was thinking of going to college. the infinitive with to preposition + -ing elders in the community not only advised him to do it. 8 I may go to Thailand in February. A see Reference page 33 1 I’m thinking to visit the community where I used to live. 5 You can avoid to offending people by learning the host (urge) country’s customs. b Find six more examples of verb patterns used by Devin and Paula on page 22. I’d 3 I can’t imagine live in a different community. Buckingham Palace. there are lots of cheaper trattorias. they also paid some of his fees. 10 If you object to pay lots of money for clothes. 1 What does Vincenzo say about language and food as 1 Which group of sentences from exercise 6 part of the Italian-American community? (A–C) is connected with recommendations? What three examples of a ‘strong sense of community’ 2 Which is connected with likes/dislikes? does Devin give? Which underlined verbs in group B have 2 3 How have things changed for shoppers and families in a very similar meaning? Which is/are the Paula’s community? strongest? 4 Why is community important to Greeks. 3 I think people ought to use the parks more. according to 3 Which underlined verbs in group C have Kouros? a very similar meaning? Which is/are the strongest? 4 Work in groups and discuss the questions. I’d urge you to go to the National Gallery. (afford) 7 I don’t fancy eat Greek food tonight. (recommend) 13 I’d urge you visiting the different communities in New 6 It’s better not to take Intercity trains York. Tokyo. 2 If you can’t afford eating in expensive restaurants. (advise) 9 I can’t stand to shop in big supermarkets. 6 I don’t mind to look after my niece and nephew. 5 You should buy tickets early for 12 I’d encourage all foreigners try some baklava.1 3 Answer the questions. Begin each sentence with I . why? with the underlined verbs from exercise 6. 7 I’d like to take a short trip to Paris. 6 Find the mistakes in the sentences (1–15) and correct them. (fancy) 15 She persuaded us visit Cork in the spring. 9 Rewrite the sentences (1–8) with the verbs in brackets. or I’m . 4 We look forward to see you. because they’re more expensive.indd 23 13/08/2012 12:16 . B 1 I don’t have the money to go to the theatre. (think) 23 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 8 She doesn’t want that she lives far away from her family. 7 Work in pairs and answer the questions. C (look forward) 11 I advise you going to the Antipodes festival. don’t go (encourage) shopping in Ginza. Read the comments again to check. 4 It will be good to see you next weekend.

Make (5) _______ you go to . 13a would you most like to live? I suggest going .. b Work in groups... mainly about food. h has lived in many countries i doesn’t mention the scenery Saying it’s not It’s a bit overrated/overpriced.... Listening 12 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.. Recommending If I (4) _______ you.1 Speaking b Match the speakers (1. c Listen again and check. 3 Why do you think the speakers talk One thing to be (7) _______ of is . 14 Work in pairs..indd 24 13/08/2012 12:16 .. 1 In which of the places from exercise Don’t miss . speaker 1 speaker 2 speaker 3 Where did he/she live? What was he/she doing there? What did he/she like about the host country? Was there anything he/she didn’t like.. 10 Complete the How to… box with the words from the box. etc.09 Listen to three people and make notes in the table. or that was difficult? What are his/her favourite memories of the country? 24 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. 2.../You should try . 2 Would you like to live abroad? Warning Watch (6) _______ for .. j describes a special type of cooking so good It’s not (2) _______ it’s cracked up to be. scenery and people? Which is the most important? 11 a Think of a place with a strong sense of community (customs. Try to use language from the How to… box. food. a pretended something b got a few surprises wary were out found value sure all c was there at the wrong time d is from a small town e would like to return How to… give advice/make f learned about the culture by recommendations about places talking to the local people Saying it’s good It’s a must/a must-see. says the place was multicultural g It’s good (1) _______ for money./that you go there. Take turns to describe the places you chose. I (3) _______ it a bit dull/touristy. Make notes about what you would/wouldn’t recommend about the place. things to see..). Discuss the questions. I’d go to . 2 or 3) to the things they did (a–j). 1 Have you (or do you know anyone who has) lived abroad? 2 What were your/their impressions of the place? 3 What problems might there be living in a foreign country? 13 a 1.

. slightly . far . and in change in one thing causes a change in another..g. nowhere near.. 9 (it’s) considerably + comparative 4 Buying things online is marginally/extremely/slightly more risky (formal) than face-to-face transactions. the easier/easier/ 8 (it’s) definitely not as . Then write the phrases from exercise 3 in the table. 2 1. 7 (it’s) not quite as . 2 It’s decidedly easier/It’s best/It’s considerably easier to write on 6 the more we .. as . a computer than doing it by hand. general? The longer you wait.10 Listen to two people 1 A big difference discussing some of the questions 2 A little difference from exercise 1. 4 Has the increased use of computers and the Internet been e can use combined comparisons to describe how a W a good thing for you.. Listening b Write the phrases below in the table in the Active grammar box. the worse it will be. 5 the less we . see Reference page 33 1 (it’s) miles easier 2 (it’s) far easier 5 Cross out the incorrect words in italics .. 3 Do you trust what you read on the Internet? Why/Why not? I’m slightly taller than my brother. we use modifiers. 10 (it’s) marginally + comparative 5 It’s a mile/considerably/far quicker to find information on the (formal) Internet than in books. 3 (it’s) nowhere near as ..2 It’s a wiki wiki world Grammar comparatives (review) Can do distinguish between. e.... 1 How often do you use the Internet? What do you use it for? Active grammar 2 Are there any websites that you use frequently? What do you like hen using comparatives... if we want to be specific about W about them? the degree of difference between two people/things. 3 The more you know about computers.. 1 1 (it’s) much the same 6 The more we rely on/The more we use/As much as we use computers.. and use. 2. 12 (it’s) much + superlative the more vulnerable we are to hackers and computer viruses. Which do they discuss? Are their views similar to 3 the + comparative + yours? the + comparative 3 L isten again and tick (✓) the phrases you hear. as 1 Buying things in shops is not like/nowhere near/nothing like as 4 (it’s) nothing like as good as cheap as shopping online. features of formal and informal language Grammar | comparatives (review) 4 a Read the rules and examples in the Active grammar box. as the simpler they become. The green house is nowhere near as beautiful as the red one. 25 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02...indd 25 13/08/2012 12:16 . the less we ... the more we . 1 ork in pairs and discuss the W sightly a tiny bit far decidedly questions.

Sanger 4 What technological innovation led to the popularity of Wikipedia? doesn’t let his students use Wikipedia for their research. (paragraph 1) years? How come. academics also have their doubts. The full question = Do you want than the vandals. But they are now probably in the minority. 8 Read the article and match the paragraphs (1–7) to the headings (a–g). During the 2004 Bush–Kerry spoken English. is generally trustworthy? The answer (3) _________ Want to know the capital of Turkmenistan? is that the editors of Wikipedia care more (paragraph 1). c Work in pairs and answer the questions. It’s amateurs. on average. what do you think it is? goes in a Cuban cigar? The first place you probably turn to is Wikipedia. going to occur. realising that the supporters of 3 What is the full version of: ‘And the future?’ each candidate would attempt to smear 26 the opponent on Wikipedia. For the vandals. removed toilet seat: you never know who’s used it before within a hundred seconds. 3 _______________________________ How to… recognise features of informal If it’s so easy to edit. to their own ideologies. The Massachusetts to know the capital of Turkmenistan? Institute of Technology (MIT) did a study ‘And the future?’ (paragraph 7) and found that obscene comments added (4) _________ One famously compared the site to a public on Wikipedia were. 2. the company M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. biggest encyclopedia. he knows they can simply 10 a Read the article again quickly. or humour? US election. how come. Do you use Wikipedia? If not. Wikipedia has been found to be as accurate as other (1) _________ savvy (paragraph 4) encyclopedias including the Encyclopedia guy (paragraph 5) Britannica. How far do you agree with each sentence? b Work in groups and discuss your views. according to the article. (paragraph 2) it’s about as worthwhile as a graffiti artist using invisible ink. One famously compared the site to a public umour Informal vocabulary Style (spoken English) H toilet seat: you never know who’s used it Ellipsis (omitting words) before you. is Wikipedia generally reliable? founders. g First stop for fact-seekers the site uses the masses to pool their information. which has existed for 250 (2) _________ Join the gang. And the b Jimmy Wales striking thing about Wikipedia is that it isn’t c The future of Wikipedia high-flying professors who are providing the answers. it turns It’ll surely need more (paragraph 7) out. Is it formal or informal in style? invent information.indd 26 13/08/2012 12:16 . It’s a gang that now has access to over a Why you can’t trust Wikipedia 18 million entries in 279 languages. largest encyclopaedia 1 _______________________________ Reading Want to know the capital of Turkmenistan? Or how to make chicken fricassee? Or what 7 Work in pairs. Wikipedia is d Editors who care a perfect example of ‘crowd sourcing’. and claim it’s accurate. Larry Sanger – who went on to lecture at Ohio State University – and the 3 Who is Jimmy Wales and what is he like? answer is an unequivocal ‘no’. Other b Complete the How to… box with headings from the box below. In short. 4 _______________________________ Those who run Wikipedia are also savvy 1 What are the formal words for ‘savvy’ and ‘guy’? enough to know when a bout of vandalism is 2 Are there other examples in the text of informal vocabulary. with all the potential ‘vandals’ keen to rewrite history according Short forms: It’s a gang (paragraph 1). put it anonymously on Wikipedia. Join the gang. and the result is the world’s 9 Answer the questions.2 The Internet’s Speaking 6 a Look again at the sentences from exercise 5. in several language recent research studies. e The wiki Anyone can add an entry. Anyone can edit f Locking out the vandals it. 1 What expression in the article is used to describe groups combining 2 _______________________________ their knowledge? But is it the most reliable? Ask one of its 2 Why. you. Wikipedia. No qualifications are necessary.

2. He decided he et. Wikipedia’s Mary Johnson forerunner. Tha nks for to start a new 15 November. at 24 Bland Stre on obscure mailing lists. I can come to the mee ting . I have atta wanted to set up something longer-lasting a preliminary agenda for the ched meeting. about the plan entries. Larry Sanger. too. The I won’t be able to come to the dinn er beca use wiki got its name because the inventor already organised. Online he found himself discussing all sorts of After our telephone conversa tion. employees had grown to over 50. your piece (formal. 5 _______________________________ egards attend don’t hesitate to concerning following R So. As the world shrinks T his information will help you to choose the best tone for and people’s thirst for information grows. There ing how will also be a dinner in the even which you are invited. South 2 How much information do they already know? America and the Middle East. with only a handful actually When you are planning a piece of writing. the agenda.indd 27 13/08/2012 12:16 . to organise your it’s likely that Wikipedia will keep growing. John Kerry.m. ing.2 11 L ook at techniques 1–4. in this utopia of crowd sourcing. where you there. We will be discussing how forward the proposals for a new to take interactive website. and also a map show and fun. Nupedia didn’t have a massive impact.00 p. I would like to invite you meeting of the Online Encyclop to the topics and meeting all sorts of people aedia Anglia Group on 15 Nov ember at 7. hand to. futures and founding nupedia. Wales was queries could you please confirm your attendance a regular guy looking to combine his two hobbies: nosing through the Encyclopedia 1 Dear Mr Fry. ‘Fun’ is a big word for Jimmy to get to Bland Street. and to think about what to include or omit. 27 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. of the sample contract.). but then Wales and his co-founder. Bring copies sample contract. Keeping your reader in mind Lifelong learning Wikipedia has been staffed by a group of volunteers. Within its first year contributors wrote 13 ork in pairs and read the Lifelong learning box. I look forward to seeing you catch the ‘wiki wiki’ (quick) bus from the Yours sincerely.000 entries in 18 languages. decided to experiment with rtunately. Compare the W 20. invitation to come to the mee ting on It used ‘the old model’ of experts writing Thank you very much for the web site. who requested will be very happy to attend will be unable to attend exactly is making the decisions? The boss is a previous arrangement we would be grateful if you could founder Jimmy Wales. Are they generally used in formal or informal texts? 1 full verb forms 2 lots of phrasal verbs 3 sentences beginning with and or but 4 repeated use of the passive 12 ead the two formal emails below. Some language is too informal. informal. Unfo As asked. Britannica and surfing the Internet. to Wales. By 2011 the company’s paid your readers are and consider the following points. As for the capital of Turkmenistan. had his honeymoon in Hawaii. airport. I will bring copies of som ething I’ve a relatively new technology: a wiki. emails and article on this page and discuss questions 1–6. It’s also 3 How much do they need to know? trying to improve the quality of entries by 4 What are their expectations? teaming up with universities to get some 5 How formal and what length do they expect the piece to be? expert input and working with museums to 6 What is the relationship between writer and reader? supply better images. ideas. 7 _______________________________ And the future? For most of its short history. Wales has breezed through life enjoying Let us know if you’re coming by 4 November. Feel free to of the pretty much everything he’s turned his get in touch if you have any questions. academic. R locked the entries on George Bush and Replace it with more appropriate language from the box. And if you need proof. as the company 1 Why are they reading your piece? tries to expand its popularity in Asia. think about who getting paid. it’s a pooling Peter Fry of knowledge. It’ll surely need more in the future. Wikipedia exploded in popularity. With this technology in place. etc. The idea of a wiki is that anyone can contribute to a website. 6 _______________________________ 2 Dear Ms Johnson. In 2000. One of the world’s great optimists. you know where to look. it’s Ashgabat. including trading options and Best wishes.

in a taxi moving at Student B: read about Cape Town on page 79. they say. The guidebooks 3 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. the speed of light. b Use your notes to describe the place to My hotel is a run-down old building whose blue skin your group. nurtured in New York and 2 a Work in small groups. even the ghosts dance salsa. It’s no wonder this city is adored by everyone • the local community who visits. city. 2. Cali 1 What do you know about the places in the photos? What do you think they are like? 2 3 Would you like to visit them? Why/Why not? In Cali. you? What makes them unique? Which place would you prefer to go to? Why? 2 20 The salsotecas don’t get busy until midnight so instead 3 Do you think tourism is good for these three I stop at a restaurant serving typical Colombian food: places? What problems might it bring? 28 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. is peeling in the heat. the churches of San Antonio and La 1 Each place is described as a type of Merced. It has a stunning view from the 15 balcony and I gaze down on the square. 5 and Plaza Caicedo. along the avenues of Juanchito Student A: read about Cali. can be and make notes on the topics below. And here too. The driver slows down at a traffic light.indd 28 13/08/2012 12:16 . tell you to visit the Gold Museum and the Museum of Colonial Art. born in Cuba. Which aspects sound good to leave the key at reception: salsa. driving past gangs of mulato men laughing in the • food street. Read about a place carried on the winds all the way to hot Cali. taking me to the heart of the bustling Student C: read about Corsica on page 80. heard in bars. Its rhythms. turns to • atmosphere me and says ‘las calenas.3 Destination paradise Grammar introductory it Can do describe a place Cape Town Corsica Speaking and reading Cali 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.’ (the women from Cali) ‘are • things to do the most beautiful women in the world!’ And we’re off • things to see 10 again. but there’s only one thing on my mind as I ‘paradise’. on buses.

even though there are Corsica. crowded (Cali. Corsica. the fans spinning weakly on the 30 ceilings. Cape Town. 6 The Sahara Desert is 9. Cape Town. 29 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Corsica. the drinks are flowing. line 18. and into San Antonio park. line 48) A 10 very busy. line 38. Cape 2 It’s hard to find the little villa in the countryside Town. Cape 3 You can hardly move during carnival time Town. 4 There are many different nationalities living line 14. 8 peaceful (Cali. 5 Huge skyscrapers stand _____ with tiny wooden Corsica. Corsica. line 44) kilometres. 6 next to each other (Cali. they dance away their worries. line 45) words/phrases from exercise 4. Cape Town. They say 40 that when times are tough. It’s absolutely _____. line 25. line 19) houses. 8 The town remains _____. the place is packed and I know one thing 45 for sure: I’ve found the Cali that I was looking for – the salsa dancer’s paradise. 9 in areas people don’t normally go to (usually outside the city) (Cali.m. line 16) there. broken. line 6. Corsica. vegetables. Corsica. line 22) far from the noisy city. 7 We’re going to spend a _____ few days camping. And I must never forget ‘las calenas are the most beautiful women in the world!’ By 2. 4 having variety (Cali. unspoilt Cali. 5 not damaged in character or atmosphere (Cali. line 20. Later. I stroll for a while. 3 amazingly beautiful (Cali. uncared for (Cali.00 a. which lives side by side with a newer version. line 17. line 29) because it’s _____. Match the definitions (1–10) to W 1 The roof is falling off and the windows are words/phrases from the articles. 4 ork in groups. line 21. Cape Town. line 14. Cape Town. I walk past the trees and sculptures that line the river. line 26. line 32. the salsa is swinging. line 39.100. line 31.3 Vocabulary | adjectives to describe places 5 a Complete the sentences (1–8) with words/ phrases from exercise 4. line 34. line 43. Some C charming young Colombians teach me a few dance steps and we chat about Cali. on Avenida Sexta – Sixth Avenue – I find what I’m really looking for: a salsoteca. line 47) sancocho – a stew made with chunks of beef. Cape Town. The old house looks very _____.000 square line 30. cassava (a tropical plant with edible roots) and plantain (a type of banana. It hasn’t changed at all. 2. 7 extremely large (Cali. Cape Town. the Cali of junk food. I settle for guanabana and maracuya and I’m B not disappointed. Then I must choose from the amazingly diverse selection of Colombian fruit. This is the old. 2 in poor condition. tempted by dark smoky cafés. line 44. b Describe the places in photos A–C with the Corsica. Corsica. line 36) lots of tourists now. so the culture is very _____. Cape Town. line 35. line 31) because the streets are absolutely _____. line 32. Internet cafés and vast touristy discos.indd 29 13/08/2012 12:16 . but not 25 so sweet) served with rice. line 13. a tranquil spot 35 off the beaten track. full of life (Cali. Corsica. 1 energetic and noisy.

infrastructure. Complete examples 2–4 doubled the number of with underlined phrases from the paragraph in exercise 7a. but I’ll language before you travel. etc. semi. It’s absolutely perfect! me. 2. ‘It’s no coincidence that the city is on the way up and it’s a pity e you learn the basics of the city is growing. 3 It’s a pity that … ➞ It’s surprising that there aren’t more tourists. We’ve worked I only have a few days here. 7 I hate it when I go to see a tourist attraction and it’s closed. nightlife. d Read rule B in the Active grammar box. Describe the places you thought of to your partner. Local We love it when tourists come to city centre. You should walk! h crime rate is lower. 6 I’d appreciate it if you could send me information about the city. police.3 Speaking 8 atch the sentence M beginnings (1–8) to the 6 a Think of places you have been to that match the topics below. the nightlife. and great back to 20 years ago. What do they have in g complaining about the common? Find another example in the first paragraph of the article transport infrastructure.indd 30 13/08/2012 12:16 . With its wonderful food. Complete example 8 with an underlined phrase from the paragraph in exercise 7a. it appears that the city how fast things are changing here. 6 It’s no wonder people 7 It seems strange. This sounds less direct than using I think. b Look at the underlined phrases above. Is it about Corsica. Cape Town or Cali? a you have to leave this wonderful town. 4 It’s no use … 2 I’m sorry to say … ➞ ____________________ 5 It cannot be denied that … 3 I have the impression … ➞ ____________________ 6 It appears to me that … 4 There’s no doubt. Active grammar 1 It’s really wonderful to think that … A We often use introductory it when we describe our feelings and opinions. 8 ____________________________________________________ see Reference page 33 30 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02.’ It cannot be denied that the d love this place. about Cali from exercise 2. • it has stunning views • it is tranquil 1 It’s no coincidence that the • it is off the beaten track • it is bustling at the weekends 2 It’s a shame that • it is unspoilt despite tourism • it has some run-down parts 3 It shocked me to • it has modern parts side by side with the old parts 4 It cannot be denied that 5 It’s no use b Work in pairs. They’ve c Read rule A in the Active grammar box. changed. it’s surprising the country. living. … ➞ ____________________ 7 I always appreciate it when … B We also use it in the middle of a sentence (after certain verbs) 8 I hate it when … to introduce a clause. 9 a Complete six of the sentences so they are true for you. in my opinion. bartender Juan Hernandez tells stay. When I think b the food here is the best in tropical climate. sentence endings (a–h). c see so much poverty in the has everything going for it. the standard of rainy climates to hot weather. hard to improve everything: the be back! f but I actually prefer cold. Grammar | introductory it 8 It’s essential that 7 a Read the paragraph below. b Work in pairs and compare 5 I could hardly believe it when I saw how much the city had your sentences. 2 It always surprises me I believe . when … 1 I thought there would be more tourists.

Finally. Ever yone is welc ome have no problems fitting in. a year later. 4 I went on a spa break to get away from it all. noth ing had changed. no electricity. no Internet! We filled in some forms particle or after the particle. like to join them temporarily or permanently? a transitive (1) b transitive (2) 1 ld never catch on.) to get planning permission. so I prac tised waves at the s came. but 4 a me they were expe cting giant Work in pairs and discuss the questions. Claudio told every day end of the sum mer. Whe immediately? Why/Why not? I got through it OK. Anyone is welcome to write reviews and post appointments? What does it depend on? them on the site. because we wanted to get 5 Do you do anything special to get away from your away from the idea that you need a degree in order to write daily routine? What? and read reviews. NOT: She looked me after. We knew nobody in the community except John. immediately. 1 The plane took off. 2 Vocabulary | Phrasal verbs 1 ead the texts below. It really comes down to democratising the process. was it for? Text 1 b Tell the class one thing about your partner. goes after the particle) who had carried out most of the work. and this took months. What j meet/find by chance types of phrasal verb are they? k organise/manage I visited Sydney. write them down in g delay someone context. the house was finis (verb + particle. it can come between the verb and the tiny rural village. It seemed like a good way to keep up with the 4 Do you usually turn up early. he m escape/avoid looked after me so brilliantly and we became n be essentially such good friends that I stayed on an extra o invent/think of month and did all his cooking and cleaning! p know about recent developments 31 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Note what type of phrasal verb they are (see the four types from exercise 3) h put ideas/instructions into practice and look for patterns in the use of particles. Commune 40 years a wee k and you’ll Living here. c intransitive They said it was a passing trend that wou up at the Chrysalis Hippy They were wrong. No water. a arrive b feel comfortable in a social group 5 Read the Lifelong learning box and do the exercise.indd 31 13/08/2012 12:16 . with a direct object. on time or late for latest books. / I paid the money back. Match the of these communities? Why/Why not? Would you types (a–d) to the examples (1–4). Do you keep up with new developments in your 6 work/hobby? How? 7 When was the last time you filled in a form? What 2 F ind four phrasal verbs in each text and match them to the correct meanings (a–p). 2 (verb + particle. for a few days so l like something/someone I could catch up with my long-lost cousin. you can still get by on $50 . I’d never surfed before. If the object We decided to do up a small barn in a is a noun. Text 3 i finish successfully ircle four phrasal verbs in the paragraph C below and add them to your notes. with a direct object that usually goes after the preposition) 3 ng community I first came across Claudio and the surfi I took to it in São Paulo. In the end. When I turned d three-part phrasal verbs after I’d left it. c survive financially d become fashionable Note it down Lifelong learning Text 2 e complete paperwork When you read/hear phrasal verbs that f restore/redecorate you think are useful. with a direct object that always hed. 3 terrible weather held us up so we couldn’t start renovating. Then the She looked after me. Would you like to join any R 3 T here are four types of phrasal verb. (verb + particle + preposition. 1 Did you take to your partner or best friend n the big wave and saw to it that I was ready. He Text 4 put me up in his spare room. no direct object) 2 I paid back the money. Australia. 2 Do you have to come up with ideas at work/school? 4 3 Have you come across any interesting I came up with the idea of starting an onlin people/books/places in the last few months? e book community. (verb + particle.

two days in New York. During these meetings. and gave awful presentations on things they knew nothing about. believing he was in Old boys’ club Rome. • number and type of people in the club Amazingly. the group had received 20. Stephen Pile formed ‘The Not Terribly Good Club’. Included in The Book • problems of Heroic Failures was an application form for Ballroom-dancing club membership to ‘The Not Terribly Good Club’. such as painting and singing. and the book appeared on • problems various bestseller lists. and the burglar who wore metal armour • other things that it does to protect himself from dogs – the armour made • type of meeting so much noise that he got caught and it was too • who can be a member heavy for him to run away. the club itself soon disbanded. To qualify for membership. motto or song be? b If you were joining The Not Terribly Good Club. people gave public demonstrations of things they couldn’t do.11 L isten to two people describing clubs such as the World’s Worst Tourist. It had become too successful. ‘the slowest solution of a crossword’ (34 • the main idea of the club years). funny or a good idea? In 1976. 2 a 1. Make notes on the topics below. The stories included epic examples of incompetence. 0 2 Communication Can do present ideas clearly in an informal context 1 a Read about a club. You are going to form a club. W Think about the following questions. within two months of the book’s • how long she has been a member publication. 1 What type of club is it? 2 What events will you organise? 3 How will you know if the club is successful? (What are your goals?) 4 What is the name of the club? 5 Where will you meet? 6 How often? 7 How many people can join the club? 8 What do people have to do to join? 9 What rules will the club have? 10 What will the club’s symbol. Do you think the club is silly.000 • when and where it meets applications to join. logo. Pile was kicked out of his own club and b Work in pairs and compare your notes. who spent they belong to. As a result of his sudden • things they have learned fame.indd 32 13/08/2012 12:16 . 3 ork in groups. 4 Present your ideas to the rest of the class. Which what would your presentation be about? clubs would you like to join? 32 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Stephen Pile kept a record of these unsuccessful events and then published them as The Book of Heroic Failures in 1979. you had to be not terribly good at something and then attend meetings.

encourage. -ing verb or the infinitive. force. -ing form: We’d appreciate it if you turned down the music. It’s no use complaining all the time. For a standard of living monuments crime rate small difference we can use: slightly. bustling The government was considerably more corrupt 100 Phrasal verbs years ago. detest. nothing like : He is nowhere near as good as me at tennis. These are often used for describing personal opinions. The following verbs all show personal tastes: It’s a shame you won’t be here tonight. vibrant nightlife The population is marginally larger than that of Ghana.0 2 Reference Verb patterns (1) Introductory it hen one verb follows another. general impressions. meaning. it is the object of the verb. racial tension no-go areas cultural life I’m slightly taller than Peter. Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. order.indd 33 13/08/2012 12:16 . advise. ome of these verbs are related in meaning. marginally (formal). we can say: stay on She’s not as big as me. Key vocabulary Communities Comparatives (review) c ost of living cosmopolitan infrastructure T here are many expressions we can use to show if the mild climate freedom healthcare system difference between two things is big or small. unemployment traffic congestion pollution a tiny bit. fancy. following verbs show one person (or thing) influencing It appears as if they aren’t coming. far. etc. fter certain verbs. it is the subject of the verb. erbs which are followed by a preposition use the V I hate it when she does that. For a small difference we can use not quite as : see Writing bank page 82 This bed isn’t quite as comfortable as the other one. ome verbs which use an -ing form are related in S In these expressions. Adjectives to describe places For a large difference we can use: much. I look forward to meeting her. In this case. don’t mind. side by side vast run-down stunning packed They’re miles better than us at football. adore. tell. a little bit. T here are many expressions with as + adjective + as which show whether the difference is big or small. the second is either an W T here are a number of set phrases that begin with it. ome verbs can only be followed by the infinitive or the S -ing form. clause. ff the beaten track unspoilt diverse tranquil o miles (informal) . the actions of another: warn. I adore living here. (= she’s smaller) The new menu isn’t as nice as the one they had during the summer. See page 23. urge. 33 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. considerably (formal). The S It strikes me that he’s not as good as he was. look after catch up with put (someone) up I f we want to say two things aren’t equal. forbid. etc. allow. can’t stand. c atch on turn up get by fit in do up fill in as + adjective + as means the two things are equal: hold up carry out come across take to see to get through come up with keep up with It took me as long to drive to Cardiff as it did to travel come down to get away from take off pay back there by train. it can also be used to introduce a A I persuaded her to visit me. It seems like a hopeless case. (= It’s nearly as comfortable) F or a big difference we can use nowhere near. ther verbs take an object + the infinitive: O T here are several set phrases with it that refer to I told her to come here. persuade. I’d love it if we won the league this year. It amazes me to hear you say that.

2 Review and practice 1 omplete the sentences with the correct form of C 3 Complete the text with words/phrases from the verbs from the box (infinitive or -ing form). But if you (10) _____ in the centre of Brasilia 7 Poland ______ quite as cold as Norway. The city was commissioned by President Kubitschek 7 They persuaded us __________ an effort and to house the government and its buildings. were no traffic lights. however. Brasilia eventually had to install 5 Switzerland is much the ______ as it always has traffic lights. Brasilia’s actually see some of the city.indd 34 13/08/2012 12:16 . years later. It isn’t a charming city. 9 Members of the ski club are advised __________ Its detractors say it was built so that politicians could helmets while skiing. I recommend __________ a long and so they wouldn’t have to live (4) _____ with the holiday in the countryside. supporters say the city promotes growth in the whole 8 I can imagine __________ here for the rest of my of Brazil. as it is very regimented and lacks pretty little environment becomes. Brasilia was 4 We urged them not __________ a house in that completed in 1960. cars would go through tunnels 3 I ______ sooner go to Cartagena than Bogotá for and bridges in the sky. 5 She’s thinking of __________ for a job as a tour Brasilia has never forgotten Don Bosco: a cathedral guide. should also pay a visit to the futuristic cathedral built 8 Honduras is a tiny ______ bigger than Guatemala. (3) _____ the high crime rates of Rio and São Paulo 10 To relieve stress. 10 Rather ______ getting a job in Madrid. designed city (1) _____ in just three and a half years. the ______ polluted our Brazil. in the city bears his name. by Niemeyer. with designated areas for government than in the summer. buildings. for their own protection. machine. but its you will (11) _____ some excellent restaurants. You climate is similar in the north-east. clean and expensive. the construction of this specially area because it’s very expensive and noisy. In the original design. futuristic city in the heart of Brazil. which is a (2) _____ country (easily South life. streets. population. Seventy-seven 3 I look forward __________ from you soon. may need to add a preposition. 2 We didn’t mind __________ a few days in the In 1883. Chile is ______ pretty as Argentina. Italian priest Don Bosco dreamed of a town. the television tower with its (12) _____ 9 China is by far ______ most populated nation in views. I love it. etc. In order to (9) _____ a growing 4 Fiji is nothing ______ as rich as New Zealand. not just on the famous east coast. housing. why don’t you travel around Spain? 34 M02_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U02. Its architects (7) _____ a rigidly organised 1 You’d be ______ off going to Texas in the spring design. but we didn’t want to live there. never getting (8) _____ a holiday. 6 I object __________ such a high rent in such a horrible part of town. compared to other parts of 6 The more cars we use. America’s biggest). there 2 Paraguay is nowhere ______ as big as Brazil. the world. Brasilia seems quite empty and almost like a Chile is as pretty as Argentina. and the zoo near the airport. You box. population in (5) _____ areas. Instead of a (6) _____ city centre full of people. his dream came true. stunning came up with come across t ake pay spend apply consult hear keep up with side by side get away from make wear buy live turn up held up run-down carried out bustling vast 1 I encouraged the architects __________ the community about their new project. by excess traffic. 2 Complete each sentence with one word. been: safe.

Discuss the difference between the pairs of phrases (1–5). 35 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 1 a plot/a biographical sketch 2 a fake/a myth 3 a tall story/a fairy tale 4 a legend/an anecdote 5 a punch line/a joke b Can you think of any examples of the words/phrases above? 3 a Check you know the meaning of the underlined phrases. Tales 3 Lead-in 1 Look at the pictures.indd 35 13/08/2012 12:19 . 1 Do you think it’s OK to tell a white lie if it makes life easier? 2 What would you do if you heard that someone had been spreading rumours about you? 3 Are you sometimes a bit of a gossip? 4 Have you ever taken part in (or heard about) an elaborate hoax? 5 When you describe things. Work in pairs and discuss the questions. are you prone to exaggeration? 6 Do you know anyone who is good at making up stories? 7 Did you listen to bedtime stories when you were a child? Which were your favourites? b Work in pairs. Discuss the sentences from exercise 3a. 1 How are the pictures connected? 2 What types of story do they illustrate? 3 Are you good at storytelling? 4 What makes a good storyteller? 2 a Work in pairs.

1928–1960. the ideas. when the ‘He’s a pitcher. Sidd Finch and Nat Tate It was only years later.1 Famous hoaxes Grammar narrative tenses review Can do tell an anecdote Reading 1 a Work in pairs. 4 What is a hoax? This isolated tribe. George so excited about the discovery of Elizalde had left the country with all Plimpton. (i. piece Mobile for Tape and Percussion. not wanting to destroy 65 practical jokes. generations. carefully. Elizalde had paid them to act like clean: Finch was an invention. They explained that they 75 spell out ‘Happy April Fools’ Day’. The subheading of the article read: 4 Piotr Zak.’ Read the first letters of knew it was a hoax. Look at the photos and discuss the questions. A Boyd have different reasons? the famous Piltdown Man hoax – a 85 number of prominent critics claimed 3 What type of person would you 40 supposedly ancient skull that was to remember Tate’s work. the tragic Elizalde. government (and Elizalde) lost 70 recluse. The name Nat Tate is derived journalists and academics fall for Shinichi. What’s more. Manuel trips. 80 into a novel. 1 Why do you think people were a Stone Age tribe. The Philippines government. 3. April Fools’ 2 After losing power. Impressively liberated from 25 power. believe them)? 45 who faked vital discoveries for years galleries: The National Gallery (Nat) 36 before being found out in 2000. part yogi and part were all invented characters. He’d never 4 Why do intelligent people such as and chimpanzee teeth – to Fujimura existed. wearing Levi’s jeans and baseball. and the Tate Gallery. Shinichi. published in 1987. He 50 Polish composer. with stories ranging from biography of a New York painter. M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. It was 1 April. Unfortunately for them. Anthropology has William Boyd published Nat Tate: created these hoaxes? Did been a particularly rich field for American Artist. few people to visit them. Manuel Elizalde fictitious people. that the truth came out. Day. the Japanese archaeologist 90 from two of Britain’s most famous art hoaxes. communicating happily with other these words again. Sidd’s deciding 5 The public loved Piotr Zak’s and Researchers found the tribe living about yoga – and his future in Nat Tate’s work. Journalists technicians. among the public. An avant-garde 3 What do you think their 5 had found a Stone Age tribe living modernist. other people in the area. At least not until They lived in caves. another great hoax was to encouraged thousands of visitors filmed for TV. allowed only a truly extraordinary baseball player. used stone tools. 20 a way of life that had existed for ran an article about Sidd Finch. then extended his article the Stone Age tribe? the money. dollars were spent on research sports. just 27 people. artists of the century. claiming need to be in order to create a actually made of the bones of a that he had been one of the greatest successful hoax? medieval human and an orangutan. arrived from all over the world. HOA XES THA T FOO LED THE WOR LD 1 Where are the people in the main In 1971. British writer in a long line. and thousands of shake the world of American to see the tribe. Plimpton and hoaxers. The writer of the article.indd 36 13/08/2012 12:19 . It was a classic hoax. Piotr Zak was a doing? announced a great discovery. 1961. he was not well-known relationship is with Manuel in a remote part of the country. while he was working But perhaps the most interesting photo? as a government minister in the hoaxes are those that involve 2 What do you think they are Philippines.e. the magazine came questions. 3 ork in pairs and discuss the W 30 had been pretending all along – On 15 April. a 60 Nearly a quarter of a century 1 The Philippines government 15 documentary about the tribe was later. and in fact they didn’t piece had consisted of BBC staff even speak the same language as making silly noises edited by BBC 2 Write true (T) or false (F). our opulent lifestyle. 2 Why do you think the people 35 Elizalde’s hoax was just one Just a year later. a 3 There have been many hoaxes thousands of years. but the critics in villages. They people. Sports Illustrated tribe. when the BBC broadcast his Elizalde? and ate any food they could find. which is a day for playing Elizalde gave some money to the however. 55 Some music critics hailed it as a great b Read the article and check your 10 had been living this way for many work. connected with anthropology.

Guess which details your partner invented.13 Listen and write the sentences you in the past. Look at audioscript 1. that happened in your life (e. the people from the tribe didn’t live in caves any more.13 on page B Use the Past Continuous for actions in 90 and practise reading the sentences aloud. b 1. Swedish technician Kjell Stensson (6) __________ (work) on the development of colour TV for many years when he Active grammar (7) __________ (announce) in 1962 that everyone could 1 a) When the truth came out. Use it to 1 What were you doing when it happened? emphasise the ___________________ of 2 How long had you been doing it? the action. b Work in pairs.indd 37 13/08/2012 12:19 . from the tribe weren’t living in caves any more. and fooled thousands. a burger designed for left-handed people. 3 Where were you? Who were you with? 4 What had happened before this? Why? 5 What happened next? How did you feel? see Reference page 47 b Invent some minor details to add to your story. a time you did D Use the Past Perfect Continuous for something funny or learned an important lesson). Elizalde had now convert their black-and-white TV sets into colour. Can _ __________________ when something you hear the contractions? else happened. 3. asking (1–3) in the Active grammar box. The following day. 37 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. procedure was simple: you (8) __________ (have) to put a b) When the truth came out. b) When researchers arrived. engineering. reporter told the story. the country. 2 a) People believed the tribe had been Pretending that it (9) __________ (develop) the product for living the same way for centuries. nderline examples of the Past Simple. While the Continuous. verb form be more appropriate than the other in this context? In 1998. a news programme called Panorama broadcast a Continuous. C Use the Past Perfect Simple for actions completed ___________________ other Speaking events in the past. Past U In 1957. meaning (if any) between the pairs of sentences thousands of people (2) __________ (call) the show. the people cooked. As you listen. Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect story about spaghetti trees in Switzerland. The food company c Complete the rules (A–D) in the Active (3) __________ (publish) an ad in USA Today announcing the grammar box with the words from the box below. The already left the country. think of questions to ask. Stensson demonstrated. Following this. Pronunciation | contractions (1) A Use the Past Simple for finished actions 6 a 1. Which words are being contracted? of events in ___________________ order. progressive actions that started before Think about the topics below.12 Listen and check. Using genetic same way for centuries. c Work in pairs and take turns to tell your story. in brackets. Swiss farmers in the background b Work in pairs and explain the difference in (1) __________ (pick) spaghetti from trees. the main events happened.1 Grammar | narrative tenses review 5 a Read about some famous hoaxes.g. some time. Elizalde left nylon stocking over the TV screen. it would start whistling. Why might one how to grow spaghetti trees. and. new ‘left-handed Whopper’. a British supermarket announced in 2002 that b) People believed the tribe had lived the it (10) __________ (invent) a whistling carrot. Burger King (4) __________ (admit) progress length chronological before that they (5) __________ (joke) all along. Use it to describe a sequence hear. Use it when you are 7 a Prepare to tell a story about something already talking about the past. Complete the paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs 4 a Read the first paragraph of the article again. the carrot grew with holes in it. when 3 a) When researchers arrived. large numbers of Americans went to Burger King asking for a new type of burger.

3 be more specific about the things we are terrestrial. The fake ‘news bulletins’ about the invasion sounded so genuine that many listeners thought they were real. He children’s future. a large weather balloon floated into they are counterfeits. The owners. Richard and Mayumi 3 Instead of being extremely old artefacts. However. it was a hoax perpetrated by Indonesian digital artist Iskandar Salim. New Mexico. book. staged the scene in 1995. Do you agree with the sentences its hero was based on an Indonesian comic from exercise 10a? Give reasons and examples. Titled Gundala. US. but there was 4 Destroying the environment will destroy our no sign of the boy. 2 make what we say and write more interesting and memorable. had ordered him to. Then rewrite the 5 a big. with photos of the film in production and even a Wikipedia entry. After a one-hour journey 2. panicking. a film poster appeared heralding the by imprisonment. Heene. elaborate trick (n) (line 35) underlined words in sentences 1–5. arrival of a new superhero film. 38 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 1 Footage was supposedly filmed in 1947 of doctors performing an autopsy on an extra. 8 F ind synonyms for the words/phrases (1–10) from the article on page 36. b Work in pairs. The story goes that the alien describing. but it into believing that a product is exactly what they turned out that two English businessmen had need.1 Vocabulary | synonyms b Match the words from the box below to the underlined synonyms from exercise 9a. Try to think of Using synonyms can help us to: possible synonyms for the underlined words/ 1 avoid repeating a word we have just used. The 17-minute clip since spread around the world 1 Advertisers use a lot of tricks to trick people on the Internet and even spawned a film. crash-landed in Roswell. Had he fallen out? No. into the air.indd 38 13/08/2012 12:19 . phrases. nnouncing allegedly appearance attack a 1 tricked (v) (title) authentic carried out chased deceived 2 alone (adj) (line 9) doing instructed led to rose 3 ruin (v) (line 19) 4 faking (v) (line 30) 10 a Read the Lifelong learning box. 4 Actor/director Orson Welles’s 1938 radio <photo 3. 5 Hoaxes perpetrated on the public are very serious – the perpetrators should be punishable 3 In 2008. 9 a Read about four hoaxes. claimed their six-year-old son discoveries that are said to be extremely old was in it. but some people insist that was hiding in the family garage. the sky. 2 Many so-called authentic products look authentic but when you examine them closely you can see 2 In 2009.000 feet often turn out to be modern fakes. 6 extremely old (adj) (line 40) 7 extremely important (adj) (line 45) freed (adj) (line 70) In your own words Lifelong learning 8 9 expanded (v) (line 79) W hen learning new words it can be useful 10 extremely sad (adj) (line 83) to keep a note of synonyms. 3. The film had its own Facebook page and website. as his parents global warming is a hoax. the balloon landed. and pursued by US National Guard helicopters.7> production The War of the Worlds conned thousands of Americans into thinking they were in the middle of a full-scale Martian invasion.

The Girl Who Played with Fire and The Girl Who Why not? Kicked the Hornet’s Nest. 2 I couldn’t put the book down. 1 a interesting b moving c gripping c story quite moving.indd 39 13/08/2012 12:19 . The heroine’s story. is actually very (8)_____ because she has 7 I’m a real to overcome so many personal problems just to function 8 It’s a successfully in the world. 1 What sort of books do you like 3 Complete this book review with the correct words (a. To see her journey 1 I was from sulky cyber-geek to superwoman avenger is the main 2 It’s very reason I couldn’t (4) _____ the book down. a is gripping. a best-seller readable 5 It has a nice. 7 I was emotionally involved in it. heroine. Although a 2 a Match the sentence beginnings lot of the characters are quite (3)_____ dimensional. 3. is fascinating. quite gripping. 7 a readable b understanding c alive 8 a emotionally involved b moving c movable b Match the sentences from exercise 2a to the sentences below. which is one reason 5 The characters why teenagers like the books. 3 a one. 4 a leave b put c drop f a true story. I’ve always been an (6) _____ reader 4 I found the of crime fiction. 2 a hooked b gripping c hooking d readable. and Larsson’s work is among the best in the genre. ripping based on a true story moving g 4 It depicts real events. 6 a appreciated b interesting c avid h hooked. 3 The story really holds your attention. 39 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. be described by the words from the box. b Discuss the books on your list. b best-seller. b single. The style is very (7) _____. Although not 3 The story exactly a (5) _____. It’s very readable and 8 They didn’t really come alive for me. Lisbeth Salander. 5 a book worm b bookworm c well-read g are one-dimensional. easy style. c mono- e bookworm. 4 a Work in small groups. The series is absolutely (1) _____ and I was (2) _____ after just a few pages. reading? 2 What three books would you take to a desert island? I love Stieg Larsson’s trilogy The Girl With the Dragon 3 Would you like to be a writer? Why/ Tattoo. the (1–8) with the sentence endings (a–h). b or c).2 A good read Vocabulary compound words Can do describe a person in detail Vocabulary | books 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. 6 It has sold a lot of copies. although 6 It’s based on full of violence. Make a list of books which could 1 I’m an avid reader. The Da Vinci Code is a best-seller.

his ears while he slept. he looked like some wigwam warrior stained with suns and heroic slaughter. and do her ballet exercises 1 What type of person is being described in in front of the long mirror on each extract? Alyssa’s bedroom door. and he’d kept it. an amber specimen in a glass jar. She’s got the broad choppy 6 Do you know anyone like them in real life? legs of an athletic boy and the scowl of an old maid. at 75. As a self- extract describes the types of character conscious boy he’d tried different things with those ears. mind the colour of plums. a maverick. b Work in small groups and discuss your (The Stuntman’s Daughter – Alice Blanchard) favourite fictional characters. With his weather-beaten face. but Why/Why not? he was greasy-fast with a gun. Decide which R crooked and dark when he smiled. She stands in the sunlight.indd 40 13/08/2012 12:19 . f a character who is old but has a youthful painted large. Thin sandy hair. she sparks into action. 5 What type of book do you think it is from The problem was that he was (funny. if it came to that. a big awkward mouth. b a middle-aged and not very handsome (The Idea of Perfection – Kate Grenville) character c a character who is probably very bossy and 5 talkative Her grandmother was small and thin. 3. (The Best Revenge – Sol Stein) 3 What personal traits (characteristics) do they possess? 3 4 What memorable things do they do? Nola is a tomboy. He’d tried all kinds of hats. etc. the wasps won’t follow. Even now.14 Listen to three people answering (The Edge of Day – Laurie Lee) some of the questions below. put on tights and a leotard and tutu. Judge James Charles 1 Who is your favourite fictional character? Endicott Jackson … that tall. 5 a 1. He’d tried it long. 4 Do any of the people sound attractive? 20-year-old kid at the time. preached from the head look like)? of our dining-room table each evening of my young life. Eventually he’d grown the a a dangerous character moustache as a kind of diversionary tactic. he least attractive? Why? was a big boy and he had set 7 Would you like to read any of the books? out to prove to everyone that he was a man to reckon with. jug-handle ears. 4 He was 55. No b Listen again and check. My father is still living.2 1 For one thing he was unlike any other man we’d ever seen – or heard of. but less and less. There may be more than one made an elasticised band with elaborate leather flaps to flatten possible answer. Which questions do they answer? Make notes on 2 what they say. Bad teeth. she’d been a dancer. but he could have been ten years either side of Reading that. a hell-raiser. He’d below (a–f ). every kind 8 ork in small groups. He’d tried his hair short.)? spoiling for a fight and got it. 2 What physical details are included? Do they (Blister – Susan Shreve) show the people’s character? 3 What actions are described? How do these 6 reveal the people’s character? He was just a hot-headed. wide Listening teeth-crammed mouth. Then quick as an 6 a Make notes on your own answers to the insect. with tiny hands and d a very active child feet – fast-moving feet the size of a child’s – and washed-out e a character who probably has a tough job red frizzy hair that she dyed the colour of Red Delicious outdoors apples. and far-seeing blue eyes. Read the extracts W of dancer. (Slade – Robert Dyer) 40 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. still as an Indian or a stone. She had disappearing lips. and she’s 5 What problems do they overcome? captured my heart like no other. hollow-cheeked man who 2 How do you visualise them (what do they had made such a religion of the law. lean. she manages to smell unwashed. twice their size. At 6 Which person do you think is the most/ over six feet and 190 pounds. serious. All her life. 7 ead the book extracts (1–6). stepping on the dried brown grass. matter how many baths she takes. she’d again and discuss the questions. running down the hill where questions in exercise 5a.

She makes her own food and entertains herself for hours. etc.. impressions but once you get to know her. Use everybody even if he’s busy.. is . How to… describe people 6 He’s very career-orientated.. reads about law when he’s on holiday. 8 I’m a bit absent-minded. 1 He’s single-minded. Even (adjective) when they won all that money they The thing that strikes you about .. is that . I keep good things What I (don’t) really like about .. character.2 Vocabulary | compound words 9 Work in pairs. description of someone you know well...indd 41 13/08/2012 12:19 ... she’s . A B 3. Lots of people criticise their work. (negative adjective) 13 escribe your person to the rest of the class.. Which compound adjectives in the extracts are easy to guess because they have a literal (non-idiomatic) meaning? 4 What compound adjectives do you C think would describe people with the characteristics below? ork hard keep an open mind w look good think freely love fun 10 a Read sentences 1–8 below. Character – The thing I (don’t) like about .. (adjective) .. Look at the underlined compound words in the extracts and answer the questions.. forgetting where I put my glasses.. Make notes about 4 He’s so kind-hearted. At the party they refused to talk to anybody. Work in pairs and explain in your own words what the underlined compound adjectives mean. child. He even First She comes across as . didn’t get too excited. etc. 3 Writers have to be thick-skinned. physical details. b Work in pairs and compare your opinions of each person.... He always helps first impressions. Which one contains only a compound noun? 2 Which compound adjectives describe D someone’s character? Which describe something physical? 3 Sometimes we can guess the meaning of compound adjectives.. 1 All of the extracts on page 40 except one contain compound adjectives. but they 12 ead the How to... and bad He’s so + (adjective) things b Are the compound adjectives He’s such a (+ adjective) + person/man. box and prepare to write a short R try not to get upset. It took him ten years to learn the violin and he never Speaking gave up! 2 She’s very self-sufficient for a 11 a Look at the photos and write down compound adjectives to describe each person. 5 They can be rather stand-offish. is . compound words. negative or neutral? He can be a bit . positive. Did any of the D descriptions sound similar? 41 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03.. 7 They’re really level-headed..

Then the stock than a moderate success. 3. mother. it to TV. formed a group called The with a live one-man 6 After suffering a severe stroke. impressed with his experience. them.3 Jokers Grammar participle clauses Can do tell a humorous story Reading 1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions. 42 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. Having been no more show. b Groucho started writing disbanded. painted-on moustache. Minnie. Groucho met 4 At the age of 14. Groucho embarked 30s and early 40s. a Groucho went to live in the retired. Groucho. Groucho’s first love Tomb?’ Returned now to national in the movie business. Then these days. Go to 5 to find out. was the star. playing in small theatres. Pacific island. with a made their most famous films: but his mother had other What happened next? string of films throughout the A Night at the Opera (1935) and plans for him. Guess the answer to R the question at the end of each section. the brothers wanted to become a doctor. money and split up their act. Irving Thalberg. insomnia. a big name in singing with the LeRoy Trio brother. Go to 7 to find out. But with his health 5 Following a film called The Minnie died. a He became a singer. big in memory. Soon the Marx Brothers were the fifth greatest comedy suddenly another opportunity suddenly Groucho and his performing in the best venues all act ever by his fellow arose. But by now he was A Day at the Races (1937). but everyone c He was invited to perform would plague him for the rest everything changed in 1929. Groucho began to suffer from walk. helped the behind in Colorado. 50s and 60s. In the home. It father worked at home as a was so popular that they moved 3 Desperately attempting to win tailor and his mother. a condition that glasses. c Groucho returned to fame in own production company. His show called You Bet Your Life. What happened next? a He ran away to study c He started performing with his What happened next? a Groucho got sick and then medicine. encouraged by their ambitious 8 Groucho made a comeback in the 1970s. over the country. c Groucho won a TV fiction. when heights of fame and fortune. he retired. What happened next? b He wrote a book. for health reasons. Groucho would interview some money. Six Mascots. 1 Do you have any favourite comedians? 2 Which comedians are famous in your country? 3 Have they made any films? 2 ead about Groucho Marx. b Groucho went to live on a b They toured the world. 1 Julius Henry Marx was born in New York into a poor but loving 2 Groucho became host of a radio family on 2 October 1890. the Marx they suddenly started cracking of pneumonia in 1977 at market crashed. formed a musical act. Being funny came naturally to after Elvis Presley. extremely good singer. After hitting the it.indd 42 13/08/2012 12:19 . chicken. three days as though Groucho was going Depression. Some of the more memorable Hollywood. at least What happened? Depressed by the situation. His films may b He became a politician. Growing up with a comedian in questions included: ‘What Thalberg. which made them rich. recover in the 1930s? Groucho lost all his money. THE END a They invested in property. He was also an prominence. Having been left the family would have important colour is the White House?’ new friend’s act. and a cigar that he never not be watched much smoked. But. the Seventies. he began worked as a promoter for her the contestants and ad-lib jokes. His first tour wasn’t a great . a The brothers’ mother died and Go to 2 to find out. c The brothers set up their competition. brothers had lost everything. during a card game. c The brothers argued about c They started making films. b Groucho and his brothe Bahamas. uncle. fast-talking characters. It seemed the beginning of the Great jokes on stage. The audience loved the age of 86. Grouch consequences later. signalling Brothers disbanded. b The Marx Brothers rs Go to 4 to find out. Go to 3 to find out. as and ‘Who is buried in Grant’s Marx Brothers to get established had to work his way back o a child. one day failing. At this stage he was reading. Groucho lives on. He died Big Store (1941). with his comedians in a 2005 poll. entering his 70s. recognises those famous in front of the British royal of his life. a He started a radio show. Voted to fade into obscurity. King of Go to 8 to find out. the Jokers 7 Groucho and his brothers. comedian Al Shean. on his solo film career. glasses with the fake nose family. Go to 6 to find out. How did the Marx Brothers What happened in 1929? and moustache.

old comedians like Chaplin b Work in pairs and compare your answers. Give reasons.15 Listen to someone describing Groucho Marx’s life. 2 He had a great relationship with his mother. when ) and prepositions. 5 Tell jokes in a foreign language is What mistakes does she make? extremely difficult. C We often use the -ing form after conjunctions ( after . 4 Making to look out of date by modern comics. P (probably). The present participle sometimes gives background information. There are two types of participle: past participles (-ed forms) (for regular verbs) and present participles (-ing forms). Returned now to national prominence. Being funny came naturally to them. you should laugh even if you don’t think it’s funny. example of a past participle and a present participle in section 3 of the article on page 42. Active grammar T he article on page 42 contains several examples of participles and gerunds. B Having + past participle shows the cause of a second action (or a sequence of actions). efore . comedians 5 He was a lucky man.indd 43 13/08/2012 12:19 . c Read rule C and find an example in section 6 of the article. 6 His type of humour is still funny today. 3. PN (probably not) or DN (definitely not). D We can use the -ing form as the subject of the sentence.3 3 a Do you think the following statements about Groucho 6 a Find the mistake in each sentence Marx are true? Write D (definitely). Grammar | participle clauses etc. important.. and Groucho Marx are not funny these days.. 4 He had a long career. 7 After to watch Mr Bean and Chaplin. 1 When tell a joke. and correct them with participles. A We often use participles to add extra information to the idea in the sentence. 6 On been told a joke. d Read rule D and find an example in section 1 of the article. The past participle sometimes acts as an adjective. b After suffering a severe stroke. 3 Have become famous. usually get depressed. b Work in pairs and compare your answers. b Work in pairs. Minnie died. timing is very 1 He had a hard life.. Do you agree with the statements in exercise 6a? see Reference page 47 43 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 4 a 1. job because you make people laugh. Groucho had to work his way back home. Having been left behind in Colorado. 2 Work as a comedian must be a great 3 He had a great relationship with his brothers. I think physical humour can be 5 a Read rule A in the Active grammar box and find an as funny as verbal. Groucho embarked on his solo film career . b Read rule B and find an example of Having + past participle in section 7 of the article.

the genie says to the editor. 3. humour from the box to the Do you find it funny? people or ideas in sentences b Why do you think the speaker pauses at certain moments? Listen 1–8. Think about where you will pause. The genie says ‘You can each have one wish. 3 Do you ever tell jokes in Student A: turn to page 79.16 Cover the text below and listen to someone telling a joke. ’ 1 Do you know any famous actors/comics/writers/films associated with these types Speaking of humour? 2 Which types of humour do 9 a Work in groups of three. Whose joke was any special days when the funniest? Who told it best? people play jokes on each other? What happens? 44 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. We’ t the questions. check any words you don’t understand. and the situation gets funnier and funnier 3 Tom and Jerry 4 jokes about death and Three colleagues. Use your dictionary to again and read the joke. a photographer. 4 In your country.’ So opposite of what you mean the photographer says.indd 44 13/08/2012 12:19 . / 5 word play / One day. Fina lly. ‘I wan those two back before lunch. during their lunch break. where I can take a photographs.’ ‘important’ people Bazoom! The journalist is gone.3 Vocabulary | humour Pronunciation | speech units 7 a Match the types of 8 a 1. or saying the suddenly appears. ‘I want to live in the a big house in the countryside with 8 laughing at politicians and an enormous garden where I can sit and write for the rest of my life. are there b Tell the joke to the other students in your group. they walk along a beach and one 6 not saying exactly what of them sees a lamp. b Work in pairs and discuss ‘And what about you? What’s you r wish?’ So the editor says. Read your joke you like? and try to memorise it.’ Bazoom! Suddenly more than it is (sometimes the photographer is gone to his home in the mountains. English? Student C: turn to page 78. your own language or in Student B: turn to page 80. Then it’s for comic effect) journalist’s turn. You are going to tell a joke. Mark the pauses with / /. f arce puns cartoons black humour surreal irony exaggeration satire 1 bizarre (very strange) humour 2 a series of things go wrong. He picks it up and rubs it and a magic genie you mean.00 tonight. ‘I want to spend the rest of my life in a big house in the mountains with 7 saying something is much beautiful view. ve got a deadline at 6. other serious issues a journalist and an editor are covering a political convention.

but if anything went have to _____ _____ shots. or you 2 with no progress possible can make up your own. stood up in front of everyone and said. What was worse. wrong. and train as a chef. _____ fame and fortune so On my first day. but soon we’d reached a _____ _____ . 4 ork in pairs. 3 start to become successful good/bad person a 4 a time when you have to decide about your future a good looking man/woman Describing character/feelings as weather a problem a boss life 5 friendly character an easy task 6 with arguments and strong feelings a husband/wife a city 7 unfriendly welcome 8 ill a good person – an angel Describing business as war b Work in pairs. My father retired 7 She had her sights _____ and I got his job. the egos. Talk about the W topics below. 4 I’m the chief executive and After three years I became head chef in a restaurant called major decision-maker. you are was taking off. the closeness. Then destiny intervened. I learned why my father was the _____ when I landed a role way he was. I received a she went to Hollywood. frosty reception. _____ the _____ . 1 Who is the narrator describing? 2 We tried to develop the 2 What made them the way they were? project. My father was a top chef. I didn’t have my sights set on anything in a TV series. I held my breath. • a dead-end job you’d hate Whether you loved him or • something you have your hated him. I called the shots. Assistants 3 They’re always shouting who overcook the pasta by ten seconds usually struggle to get out and screaming at each of the kitchen alive. 3 omplete sentences 1–8 with C 1 What kind of relationship do the people have? the metaphors from the story. It was better than the dead end I’d reached with the job I’d been doing. Top chefs aren’t known for their warm personalities. I was the one in the firing line. Take turns 9 fight to read your metaphors. They can be 1 do the same things someone did before you metaphors you know. Now let’s get to work. The rich and famous started to visit the restaurant _____ the _____ line when and eventually I reached a crossroads: I could either open my own things go wrong. so I The Tortoise. You all know my father. We’d had a other. you’d like to follow in • someone who’d get a frosty reception in your home 2 atch the underlined metaphors from the story with the definitions M below.’ • someone whose footsteps And we did. Experiencing the sweaty 5 My career began to _____ kitchens. 12 have a goal/an objective 45 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. 5 a Write metaphors for the Describing life as a journey things below. I mother’s _____ or work in a was feeling under the weather different field? – I had a cold. and my hands were shaking as I went into the kitchen. He is sights set on the past. much – I just wanted a regular job – but soon I realised my career 6 As the manager. Work in pairs and discuss the questions. but I decided to follow in his footsteps a _____ _____ ! anyway. They definitely have stormy relationship. 10 make the important decisions Your partner guesses what it 11 responsible if something goes wrong describes. I don’t care. 3 Vocabulary | Metaphors 1 a Look at the picture. As the boss. 2 What do you think is happening? 1 I went to the doctor because I was feeling a bit b Read the story and answer the questions. No one would 8 Will you follow _____ your talk to me. ‘My name is Leah • something you struggled to do Kleist.indd 45 13/08/2012 12:19 . restaurant or go and work for one of the big ones. When I began.

he found himself transformed establish the in his bed into a gigantic insect. (Pride and Prejudice – Jane Austen) first-person third-person narration (‘I’) narration (‘he’/’she’) 5 As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams. Think of an opening sentence for your story and write it down. continuation of the story. The question used to please me . head Which was the best story? Why? forward. each unhappy 1 ork in small groups.. narrator’s voice (Metamorphosis – Franz Kafka) humorous/ serious/formal/ informal/’spoken’ style literary style 6 All children. Scott Fitzgerald) catch the reader’s attention 4 It is a truth universally acknowledged. except one. Read the openings to some W family is unhappy in its own way. perhaps two. (Lord Jim – Joseph Conrad) 46 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. Take turns to read out powerfully built. (The Trial – Franz Kafka) c Check your story. d Work in small groups. (Peter Pan – J. grow up. 0 3 Communication Can do tell an extended story 1 All happy families are alike. pieces of fiction (1–8) and discuss the questions (Anna Karenina – Leo Tolstoy) below.M. Barrie) 2 a You are going to write a story called ‘Truth and Lies’. 1 What can you guess about each story? What type of story might it be? 2 Which extracts make you want to read more? 2 I’m often asked what it’s like to be married to a Why? genius. Which story openings (1–8) match the ideas in the notes? 3 In my younger and more vulnerable years. Write a wrong he was arrested one fine morning. Does it continue logically from the opening line? Does it have a beginning. 7 Someone must have been telling lies about Joseph K. middle and end? 8 He was an inch. (The Great Gatsby – F. under six feet. for without having done anything b Pass your sentence to another student.indd 46 13/08/2012 12:19 .. Which was the best opening line? you with a slight stoop of the shoulders. and he advanced straight at your stories. that introduce a jump straight into a single man in possession of a good fortune fascinating character the action must be in want of a wife. my present an show someone in a father gave me some advice I’ve been turning unusual situation lot of trouble over in my mind ever since. and a fixed from-under stare which made you think of a charging bull. (The Mind-Body Problem – Rebecca Goldstein) 3 Look at the ideas below for how to write a great opening line for a story.

warm personality a struggle have your sights set on Adverbial participle clauses sound formal and are more call the shots in the firing line common in writing than speech.0 3 Reference Narrative tenses (review) e can use participle clauses after many conjunctions W and prepositions. the past: e can also use participle clauses as the subject of the W We went to Paraguay last year. in spite of. expressing cause. (cause) Having + past participle is a special form that shows the cause of a second action/a sequence of actions. the kids had fun. he gave me a present. conditions. Listen to the explanations and vocabulary. he was exhausted. he bought a cake. actions or repeated actions. = Because he was feeling hungry. f arce puns cartoons black humour surreal s reduced relative clauses. make the order of events in a story clear. T he Past Simple can be used for short actions. Suddenly . A irony exaggeration satire we use a participle clause : Metaphors I recognise the man who is sitting over there. f ollow in his footsteps reach a crossroads ➞ I recognise the man sitting over there. I couldn’t put (it) down T he Past Perfect Continuous is often used to show the reasons for a situation: Compound words s ingle-minded self-sufficient thick-skinned He was angry because he’d been waiting for ages. e. e often use narrative tenses together in order to W once. se the Past Perfect Simple to talk about completed U Key vocabulary actions that happened before another action in the Tales past. kind-hearted stand-offish career-orientated level-headed absent-minded Participle clauses Humour We can use participle clauses in many ways. Before leaving. (= the kids ran and the kids had fun) e often use the Past Continuous to set the scene in a W OT: Waiting for hours.indd 47 13/08/2012 12:19 . ate and paid. progress at a particular time in the past: Running around till they were tired. i t’s very readable I was hooked se the Past Perfect Continuous to talk about actions U it was quite moving/gripping bookworm or situations which continued up to the moment in the the characters are one-dimensional a best-seller past that we are talking about: based on a true story avid reader depict emotionally involved come alive Before he gave up. see Writing bank page 83 Having run the marathon. sentence. when. etc. he was exhausted.) The sun was shining and the children were playing in the garden.g. 47 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03.. he bought a cake. long Talking is the best therapy. since. = After running the marathon. the day seemed to Tom as if it N narrative: would never end. The Past Perfect Simple is only used when we plot biographical sketch fake myth tall story refer to two actions/moments in the past: fairy tale legend anecdote punch line joke She took out a DVD. he’d been smoking for years. after.. Instead of complete verbs. Feeling hungry. T he subject of the participle clause is usually the same se the Past Continuous to talk about actions in U as the subject in the main clause. a career takes off a dead-end job frosty reception We can use participle clauses like full adverbial feel under the weather stormy relationship clauses. but I’d already seen it. without. (Tom was waiting. the day wasn’t. tell a white lie spread rumours a bit of a gossip e don’t need the Past Perfect when we are describing W elaborate hoax prone to exaggeration past events in chronological order: Books We ordered the food. We were talking about her when she walked in. as. before. se the Past Simple to talk about completed actions in U He swam in spite of having a sore arm. result.

48 M03_TENE_CB_ADVGLB_4547_U03. messages been receiving over a thousand hits and I thought that the characters were a bit (6) oen-idsilanomne ed they had been from other entrepreneurs who claim compared to normal. A: He’s the new boss. (lose) 4 Complete the dialogues by adding one word. the site had the article. 5 When you swim. paintings in the national exhibition. (do) actually. indu stry more which made me laugh aloud. I found his latest book. they seem to have a very stormy _______ . which had been created Posted by Nina J . and he finally _______ .000. They all have (16) rlsuare plots that don’t make sense and aren’t funny. His previous book. e deciding that In April 2000 journalists at Esquire wer boring. The company didn n FreeWheelz famous but it would ‘on 1 April. 1 A: How are you? 1 Life’s biggest pleasure is when you do things for B: I’m feeling a bit under _______ weather. viewed 3 times] form of the verb in brackets. (have/be) 5 A: I don’t know whether to get a job or continue 7 As they were banned from exhibiting their with my education. (swim) B: No. viewed 10 times] by the author of the website. splitting the profits Posted by Olivier er trust a strange of the magazine. B: Yes. times when reading Brain Food – but those were (14) siildecafntoi accounts of things that really happened to him. (wish) B: Well. But Charms seems a bit self-conscious. they decided B: It seems you’ve _______ a crossroads in your to set up their own. It’s full of (3) albkc uhroum. The author with the owners name for $25. he _______ the shots. whe ers who were seeing launches on the web for real’. Use participle clauses with the correct [posted 20:05. I was absolutely (4) odehko. I wasn’t surprised it became a questionnaire for potential clients whi (10) sebt-lelres. I really don’t want to follow in my father’s 6 He had been famous for years. 3 Most of the dead animals that were found after 3 A: In 1988 you became Head of Exports. FreeWheelz ‘will transform the auto ’t yet become than Henry Ford did’. wanted some peace and quiet. had been an owned up. (wake up) B: Yes. (feel) B: Yes. I’ve lost interest in 2 ewrite the sentences so that they have the same R his work. were impressed. His recent novels don’t (15) etdipc the same type of characters or situations. we had to turn back. So they life at the magazine was getting a bit Posted by Nico an Internet published an article about FreeWheelz. 2 Anyone who wishes to take the exam must 2 A: How are Julia and Antonio? register in June. Because we couldn’t find our way. 8 David woke up early as usual and looked out of 6 A: So she takes responsibility for all the decisions? the window. Read [posted 16:41. The web (7) edbsa on a true story. she’s the one in the _______ line. the magazine concern you?’ In the following edit (12) ynior of his best work. viewed 8 times] of the artic le sold the FreeWheelz came in. meaning. Lost. Luisa went to bed. (find) right? 4 Because she felt sleepy. it is compulsory that you wear a 4 A: So are you going to become a carpenter too? bathing cap. The magazine prep domain name about it when suddenly an offer for the [posted 17:22. other people. isn’t he? Robbie ate all the cherries and then he was sick. Is that the earthquake were domestic pets. ‘Does hair loss a number of bizarre questions such as There are too many weak (11) sunp and it lacks the clever ion. we had to turn back.indd 48 13/08/2012 12:19 . Having eaten all the cherries. The article Charms. Robbie was sick. I am a complete bookworm and I’m a particularly (1) ivda rs free cars which were company that gave custome reader of Spike Davies’s fiction. a real (2) eapg-eutnrr. 3 Review and practice 1 F ind seven mistakes with narrative tenses in the 3 Put the underlined letters in order. he calls the shots. The conclusion? Nev His first novels were very (13) ogmniv – I cried about five story which contains the date 1 April. Within days Whilst I’d say that Charms is very (5) rbadlaee. article and correct them. which was site cont ained a planning similar businesses. (have/eat) Yes. explaining that the article ared to forget all April Fools’ hoax. was very (8) ggniprpi – in fact I ch was including (9) ulcdno’t tup ti dnow. had claim ed that covered in advertising. (ban) life. that’s when my career really took _______ .

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