Early Kingdoms in the Malay Archipelago

Kingdom Year Note
Funan 1st century - Located in present Kampuchea
- Influenced by the Old Kedah Hindu
religion
- Kampung Sungai Emas (from the
5th to the 10th century)
- Pengkalan Bujang (from the 10th to
the 14th century)
Old Kedah 5th century - Monarchy system
- Strategic location
- Important entrepot
- Influenced by Hinduism and
Buddhism
Gangga Negara, Perak 5th century - Port and trade centre
Langkasuka, Petani 2nd century - Important trade center
- Influenced by Hinduism and
Buddhisim
- Merong Maha Wangsa History
th
Chih-Tu, Kelantan 6 century - Influenced by Buddhism
- Strong relationship with China
- Ruling system influenced by Hindu
culture
Tan-Tan, Terengganu 6th century - Ruling system influenced by Indian
ruling system
- Strong relationship with China
rd
Tun Sun, Segenting 3 century - Important trade center located
Kra between China and India
- Influenced by Hinduism and Indian
ruling system
Srivijaya, Sumatera 7th century - Well-known trade center
- Strong relationship with India and
China
- Centre of Buddhism and Sanskrit
language
- Owned several vassal states
th
Mataram, Jawa 8 century - Centre of government
- Influenced by Hinduism
Majapahit, Jawa 13th century - Owned several vassal states
- Trade center
- Strong relationship with China,
India and the Middle East

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