Gosioco Estate: Salaria

Ancestral Home of the Gosioco

Salaria is one of the surviving ancestral homes in Santa Rita, Pampanga. Salaria is the popular
name of this ancestral home of the Gosioco Family built in 1841 by Domingo and Pascuala.
Salaria comes from the Spanish word 'Serreria', which means a place for candle making.
Salaria has become a landmark in the town of Santa Rita. It is famous for its authentic and
original home furnishings.

Experience the ambience of a traditional ancestral home. Come and see the beautiful well
preserved old utensils used by the Gosioco household members from generation to generation.
View the collections of santos, retablos, and other family memorabilia.

You can also taste the typical menu of the favorite dishes of the Gosioco Family. A request for a
dine-in, in the house (luncheon or dinner) is available upon request for ten or more guests with a
reasonable fee charge.

FAMILY HISTORICAL EVENTS

Chapter 1 ANCESTORS

ANCESTORS
Just like other Chinese immigrants from mainland China, our great great grandfather
came from Juxian, China also known as city of Chrysanthemums. He was just 22 years old
single, and enthusiastic venturing in business to other countries. Together with other Chinese

and Co remained in Pangasinan for a while. the capital city of the Philippines. Rita. He was baptized on Sunday thus he was given the Christian name Domingo. Pampanga. They planned to go to Manila.bachelors from Juxian. Chapter 3 PILGRIMAGE TO SAN NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO . He settled in the town of Sta. o Co?” He could not answer so the scriber just wrote on the baptismal record "Gosioco". The Chrysanthemum flower is a cluster of florets bound together in one stem symbolizing every individual member of our family and joined together with love and dedication. His knowledge of herbal medicine runs in the genes of the younger generations like Tatang Peping. being Chinese. Pampanga and became known as "Salaria". When the officiating priest asked him what his family name was. Rita. he could not answer because he could not understand Spanish. they sailed to the Philippine Islands across the China Sea landing in Pangasinan.” Our ancestors adopted this flower as family symbol. Go converted into the Catholic Religion. The Amio family originated from Spain in the village of Calatayud. Sy and Co went further north and Go went to Pampanga and started his candle making business. and Co were the three bachelors who tried to seek their fortunes in the Philippines. Go fell in love with Pascuala Amio. It symbolizes the closeness and unity of the Gosioco Family members. Sy. was a part of the town of Bacolor. He had wide knowledge of herbaceous and medicinal plants. Go. It reminded Domingo of his place of origin. In order to marry Pascuala. They even supplied candles to nearby towns and cities like Manila. They were able to buy more lands like rice fields and sugarcane fields. Rita. So Go. Sy. The Chrysanthemum flower is also made into tea. The Chrysanthemum flower has also medicinal values like curing high blood pressure. The family candle-making business prospered. His candle making business became prosperous due to the great demands of candles in the towns of Pampanga. churches and offices since there was no electricity at that time. a Spanish mestiza from Sta. Sy. They were able to build a house in San Vicente Sta. Candles were used in the homes. Chapter 2 FAMILY SYMBOL FAMILY SYMBOL Juxian comes from the Chinese word meaning “City of Chrysanthemum. at the time of their arrival. He was also a good cook using herbs and spices from China to enhance the taste of Cantonese and Sechzhuan Cuisine. He was a herbalogist aside from being a candle maker. However. So the priest asked “Is your family name Go. The Amio family comes from farmers and vineyard owners in Spain. which at that time. Pascuala belonged to prominent and rich family land owners of Sta. Pampanga. poor blood circulation. the Chinese in Manila were being deported by the Spaniards due to the recent Chinese revolts in the nearby provinces. Pampanga. Our great great grandfather Domingo used the Chrysanthemum plant to cure family ailments and served it for tea as a drink. Rita. Tata Senyong and Dulce Panlilio who became Pharmacists by profession. From then on our great great grandfather was known as Don Domingo Gosioco. swelling and other skin diseases.

PILGRIMAGE TO SAN NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO During the mid 18th century. and the people in the procession. After the “Misa de Galo”. On his return home to Pampanga. some relatives and friends dropped by Salaria to eat light breakfast: “bibingka. sing verses rejecting the couple or saying: “there is no more room” for them. Relatives like Imang Carning. Joseph mounted on the decorated “andas”. The San Nicolas biscuit is served with hot pure homemade “Tsokolate” or with “buko” sherbet. In “La Posada”. not only for the visiting friends and relatives but the Virgin Correa was decorated for the “Paglayunan”. They are followed by the townspeople in a procession singing the “Villancicos”. to reach the pilgrimage site. He traveled by boat. He bought a lot of these biscuits and stored them in jars and served them to the visitors who came to the house. The 23rd of December was the busiest day in Salaria. However. Joseph are replaced by the icons of the Virgin of Correa and St. The baby Jesus is wiped with perfume called: “Miruya” from Madrid. The procession ends in the church at 12:00 midnight. In Sta. in Sta. suman. also the favorite perfume of Inang Loring. At eight o’clock in the morning. They are preceeded by “Seriales”. the Christmas is celebrated. he was hidden or secretly brought to church since the Virgin Mary is not supposed to have given birth until 12:00 midnight. passing through the Pampanga river and Pasig river. the real persons as characters of the Virgin Mary and St. come to join the nine days “Misa de Gallo”. the “Simbang Gabi”. Chapter 6 CHRISTMAS CHRISTMAS Christmas time is one of the traditional get-together parties of the Gosioco household. The serving of San Nicolas biscuits and "tsokolatae" or buko sherbet has become a tradition in the family evento the present time. The Gosioco household members were busy with the preparation and assistance in the rituals because they were in charge of the “baby Jesus” in a manger. there used to be a Church built in honor of San Nicolas de Tolentino. Don Domingo Gosioco was one of the Chinese Filipinos who joined the yearly pilgrimage to San Nicolas de Tolentino at Buwayang Bato. Rita. Laguna and Cavite visited the Shrine of San Nicolas de Tolentino. Rita. puto bungbong” and hot tsokolate. proper breakfast is served. Since then the San Nicolas biscuit became one of the popular snacks served in Salaria. Rita version of the “La Posadas” – a religious ritual introduced by the Spanish Friars via Mexico. They stopped in three designated houses as inns and the “tiples” (choir members – usually the male tenors). Pampanga. the Gosioco household starts the preparation and celebration from December 16. the Gosioco household has become famous for serving San Nicolas biscuits during fiestas and other social gatherings. Joseph and Virgin Mary parade around town seeking for an inn. Spain. Many Christian Chinese Pilipino pilgrims from Manila and other nearby provinces like Bulacan. young girls dressed as angels. every morning. At Buwayang Bato. More food was prepared. Before the baby Jesus was brought to the church. a religious cult became popular in Manila. He brought candles with him for sale and for offering to the saint. and cousins from Guagua. “Paglayunan” is the Sta. The baby Jesus remains in church for the rest of the . which was blessed by the priest after the midnight mass. and the parishioners kissed the baby Jesus to receive blessings. Since Christmas in the Philippines is one if the longest festivals in the country. real persons dressed as St. near thePasig River in Guadalupe. he brought the typical San Nicolas biscuits for his children and friends.

These were made in Tarlac. Real grass is used as the base. Meanwhile. there are already activities happening in Salaria. It is a big day for the Salaria household. brought by the relatives. On the 18th of May. The magical lights of Salaria still brighten the Christmas holidays and set the merry mood of the yuletide season. Within these days. Later. A brass band escorts the Virgin to and from the church. At present. Relatives from Baguio. Tarlac. It is used to be a real pine tree from Baguio. Chapter 7 TOWN FIESTA TOWN FIESTA Sta. But one time. Antoine and Miriam. On May 20th. prepared the food. cars and karetelas stopped for a while to have a glance of the wonders of the “belen” sceneries It used to be the one and only attraction in Sta. Rita. backyard and the gardens. with the help of Kuya Kario. other family households did the same like Kong Dodu Ocampo. the “belen” or Christmas nativity scene is displayed with colorful Christmas lights. and Guagua arrived at "visperas time. Other features during Christmas in Salaria are the “parols” or Christmas lanterns hanged in the windows. the novena to the Holy Infant Jesus was celebrated. every year. May hangs the capiz shell lanterns. Miriam hanged “parols” made from capiz shells sold in San Fernando. Rita celebrates its town fiesta on May 22. the household members assisted by the "casamac" and the cooks. At present. It is turned into a wonderland with all the Christmas trimmings and ornaments. adding the baby Jesus on Christmas Eve. the "casamac" husbands come to prepare the "carosa" of the Virgin of Correa. It is brought to the church for the procession on May 22nd. Salaria is one of the attractions in Sta. May and family put up the “belen” in the front yard to keep the tradition alive. the “parols” caused fire in the window panes. Rita at christmas time. The wives of the "casamac" come to the house starting the 13th of May. The statues are exhibited. They help in general cleaning of the house. Since then. etc. In later years. “ginger bread house”. Manila. Vicente and wife used to buy customized lanterns with the shape of a “turkey”. Concepcion. Nine days before the feast day. San Fernando. The household members prepare the Christmas tree.Christmas festivities. But lately. Inang Loring usually buys the ornaments in Quiapo or Divisoria. Mang Bari constructs the crib. Even jeepneys. the family switched to Christmas lights and Chinese lanterns. which is January 6th – the feast of the Three Kings. artificial tree is used. the "carosa" of the Virgin is fully prepared. Antoine used to hang a “Mariang Sinukwan” doll – the face of Mariang Sinukwan mounted on a native salakot every year as a good luck ornament. Dr. hang the decorations. Bamban. It is the pioneering glitz and glamour of Christmas time like Policarpio street nowadays. Nevertheless. In the front windows. The passersby stopped in front of the house to view the exhibit. baked cookies and made deserts for the visitors who will come during the feast day. “piña”." . the Gosiocos popularized the traditional nativity scene display in town. Manila.

Religious activities and social affairs were tied together. the gathering became a mini-concert in Salaria to the enjoynment of the other guests." In the evening. The "seminaristas" also came through the invition of Fr. the cofradia in Sta. Tatang Peleng from Guagua and Tatang Miliong from Concepcion. the "zarzuela" was replaced by the coronation ball of the fiesta queens and a variety show performed by movie stars. Rita. The church was decorated with green and yellow colors. were involved in politics and helped in the development of the town of Sta. Thus. The "Cofradia de San Jose' was a popular religious movement at that time throughout the Philippines. Rita. the parish priest in Angeles City. enseymada. and deserts. symbolizing the colors of Saint Joseph. the feast of St. The breakfast menu includesd "pisto. father and son. Imang Carning. Dr.Joseph throughout the country. the friars tried to disband the groups. being the mayor. Chapter 8 POLITICS POLITICS Despite that the Gosiocos lived a low profile and simple life style. including . Usually. Other priests and guests were also invited by Father Conrado Gosioco. asado. Tarlac. The morning of May 22nd. Antoine played the piano to entertain visitors. Don Tomas Gosioco. he had to be a member of the "Cofradia de San Jose". During the procession. At that time. diverting his influence in improving the church. Don Tomas continued his duties as mayor of the town. There was nine day novena and on the last day. His father. sometimes join him by playing the violin. There were about 20 to 30 priests who came to say mass in honor of Santa Rita. For example. Rita lost its prestige and popularity. was once the mayor of Sta. the church and state were still united. Joseph was celebrated. Thus. during the month of March. hot tsokolate. supervised the celebration with the help of church committees. entertained the guests with their stories ending in a "tertulia. In later years. they were civic minded and community developers. All the favorite Salaria recipies were served on the table. the father." which was usually staged after the procession. during these occassions. when Hermano Pule of Quezon province used the cofradia as a camouflage for the Katipunan movement. the members being afraid to be identified as insurgents or subersives they abandoned the cult. there was novena in honor of different saints. This affected the devotion to St. His wife usually sang "kundiman" and Spanish songs. the parish priest of San Rafael. Tomas Gosioco. Two of the Gosiocos." smoked ham marinated in pineapple juice. However. Salaria hosted breakfast for the priests who celebrated masses in the church. As the mayor. the feast was celebrated with high mass called "misa cantada" with the bishop as officiating celebrant. Most of the visitors came during lunch time. Vicente. This was followed by "misa resada" by several visiting priests. Atsing Pitang from Baguio and her brother Delfin usually played the piano and the violin also. more guests came to the house to view the procession and some stayed behind and attended the "zarzuela. Every month. then Sapang Bato. Narciso Gosioco. Don Tomas accompanied the priest and he then became one of the principal dignitaries.

it was under the jurisdiction of Bacolor. In fact. Don Magno. became big issues because the income from the ricelands went to the church and the priests but were exempted from government taxes. The paintings included the four evangelists on the four corners of the church ceiling. . Don Tomas and Don Magno dedicated their lives in serving the community and the church. Rita from Bacolor. Don Tomas and Don Magno never abandoned their affiliation with the church even they were public servants. bordering the river bank and salaria was made into a side street so that "kalisin". also became a mayor of the town. Rita was just a small village settlement called "Gasac" and was part of Porac. Prior to that. his son. The "minangon". When the relationship of the church and state began to decline. some of the lands owned by the Gosiocos were donated to public use like the establishment of Sta. It was also used as route for processions and civic parades. and people walking to go to the market can pass through this short cut. Formerly. which came out during town fiesta. "caretellas". Rita Institue in its present location. "garetas". Don Magno tried to fix the issues cioncerning the land tenure system. Rita an independent town. Don Magno was also instrumental in making Sta. Sta. He was one of the delegates who went to the central government in Manila and signed the agreement for the separation of Sta.the commision for the ceiling paintings of the church. They commisioned religious icons to be included in the Holy Week processions and the Virgen de Correa. the big farmlands owned by the church called "capilinia".