The Vizconde murder case, colloquially known as the Vizconde massacre, of drugs when she allegedly witnessed the

crime and had made dismissed by Tolentino due to belief that these documents can possibly
was the multiple homicide of members of the Vizconde family on 30 June inconsistent statements on her two affidavits. Alfaro said she was then be falsified. (The Philippine Rules of Evidence require official attestation
1991 at their residence in BF Homes, Parañaque City, Metro having reservations when she first executed the first affidavit and held of the authenticity of any public document presented in evidence; as per
Manila, Philippines. Estrellita, 49, had suffered thirteen stab wounds; back vital information due to her natural reaction of mistrust. Sec. 24, Rule 134, R. Evid.)
Carmela, 18, had suffered seventeen stab wounds and had been raped Alfaro's testimony was corroborated by other witnesses including: Lolita
before she was killed; and Jennifer, 6, had nineteen stab wounds. Lauro Birrer, a former live-in partner of policeman Gerardo Biong, who Moreover, Judge Tolentino also denied Webb's request to subject semen
Vizconde, Estrellita's husband, and the father of Carmela and Jennifer, narrated the manner of how Biong investigated and tried to cover up the samples to DNA testing on the belief that the samples may no longer be
was in the United States on business when the murders took place. crime. Birrer said she had accompanied Biong to the Vizconde house to intact.[citation needed]The accused alleged that by rejecting 132 of the
destroy the evidence and to retrieve Webb’s jacket and the murder 142 pieces of evidence, Tolentino had set the tone for their conviction.On
The lead suspect was Hubert Webb, whose father Freddie Webb was weapon. She also testified that Biong received money at a house that she July 24, 1997, the Supreme Court noted that Tolentino erred when she
famous as an actor, former basketball player, and former Congressman later learned belonged to then Parañaque Congressman Freddie Webb; refused to admit the 132 pieces of evidence presented by the defense,
and Senator. The other defendants were Antonio Lejano II, Hospicio the Webb family's maids, Mila Gaviola and Nerissa Rosales, who both although these were later admitted in court through an order issued by
Fernandez, Michael Gatchalian, Miguel Rodriguez, Peter Estrada, Joey testified that Hubert Webb was at home on June 30, 1991. At about 4 a.m. Tolentino.
Filart and Artemio Ventura.[2] In the Trial Court (People of the on June 30, 1991, Gaviola woke up and entered the bedrooms to get the Among the defense witnesses was Artemio Sacaguing, a former, now
Philippines vs. Hubert Webb, et al., G.R. No. 176864), it became one of the Webb's dirty laundry and wash it as part of her job. She said that when deceased NBI official who testified that Alfaro was an NBI asset who only
most sensational cases in the Philippines, being described as a "trial of the she entered Hubert’s room, she saw him wearing only his pants, awake volunteered to assume the role of the eyewitness when she could not
century". The men were convicted by the Parañaque Regional Trial Court and smoking in bed. While washing Hubert Webb's clothing, Gaviola produce the actual witness to the Vizconde killings.
which the Court of Appeals affirmed. Except for Filart and Ventura who said she noticed fresh bloodstains on his shirt. After she finished the Former NBI official Pedro Rivera however dismissed as lies the testimony
had been convicted in absentia, the men were later acquitted by laundry, she went to the servant's quarters. But feeling uneasy, she of Sacaguing saying that “Agent Sacaguing had a record of notoriety in
the Supreme Court on 14 December 2010 for failure of the prosecution to decided to go up to the stockroom near Hubert's room to see what he was the NBI which prompted his transfer to remote places of assignment…
prove their guilt beyond reasonable doubt. doing. In the said stockroom, there is a small door going to Hubert's until his early retirement”. According to Rivera, Sacaguing was never
room and in that door there is a small opening where she used to see part of the NBI team assigned to investigate the Vizconde massacre and
Prosecution Hubert and his friends sniffing on something. She observed Hubert was that his former colleague took Alfaro’s statement in April 1995 without
The trial began in August 1995 before Parañaque City RTC Judge Amelita quite irritated, uneasy, and walked to and from inside his room. Security the presence of a lawyer. “Sacaguing broke the guidelines in taking
Tolentino. Alfaro had testified that she knew the suspects and was at the guards Justo Cabanacan and Normal White. Cabanacan said Webb had affidavits from witnesses. His intention was very, very dubious,” he said.
Vizconde house when the crime was committed. By Alfaro's account, entered the subdivision (where the Vizconde house was located) a few
after a drug session with the group, Hubert Webb allegedly had hatched days before the massacre and that he even identified himself as the son of Decision
his plan to rape Carmela Vizconde. Webb wanted Alfaro, the then then Congressman Webb. White, on the other hand, said he saw the three On January 6, 2000, Judge Tolentino rendered her decision, finding
girlfriend of one of the accused men, Peter Estrada, to join them because cars enter the subdivision on the night of June 29, as Alfaro had testified; Hubert Webb, Peter Estrada, Hospicio Fernandez, Michael Gatchalian,
Estrellita Vizconde only allowed her daughter to go out and entertain White also testified that policeman Gerardo Biong was the first to arrive Antonio Lejano II and Miguel Rodriguez guilty beyond reasonable doubt
female visitors. at the crime scene. of the crime of rape with homicide. They were sentenced to reclusion
Alfaro testified that as Webb followed Carmela into the dining room, she perpetua and ordered to indemnify the Vizconde family Php 3 million for
decided to step outside for a smoke. From there she allegedly saw Lejano Other prosecution witnesses were: Carlos J. Cristobal who alleged that on the murders. Two of the accused remain fugitives from the law: Joey
and Ventura take a knife from the kitchen drawer, while the rest of the March 9, 1991 he was a passenger of United Airlines Flight No. 808 Filart and Artemio Ventura. Former Parañaque Citypoliceman Gerardo
gang acted as lookouts. Alfaro said Estrellita was killed before Webb bound for New York and who expressed doubt on whether Hubert Webb Biong was found guilty as an accessory for burning bedsheets and
began to rape Carmela. Jennifer woke up and, seeing Webb violating her was his co-passenger in the trip; NBI medico-legal Dr. Prospero tampering with other evidence in the crime. He was sentenced to eleven
sister, jumped on him and bit him. He then hurled the little girl to a wall Cabanayan, Belen Dometita and Teofilo Minoza, two of the Vizconde years in prison. Biong was released from jail on November 30, 2010 after
and started stabbing her. maids; and Manciano Gatmaitan, an engineer. serving his sentence.
In her decision, Tolentino described the testimony of defense witnesses as
Alfaro said that when she went back to the house, she saw the bodies of Defense full of inconsistencies and biased. She said the US-based defense
Estrellita and Jennifer on the bed and Webb raping Carmela on the floor. The defense produced documents and presented 95 witnesses, including witnesses, most of whom are relatives or friends of the Webb family
Lejano and Ventura also took turns raping Carmela, before finishing her Hubert Webb himself and his father, along with other relatives and suffered from "incorrigible and selective memory syndrome". She cited
off with numerous stabs. Alfaro said that policeman Gerardo Biong "was friends to support Webb’s alibi that he was in the United States from the testimony of Alex del Toro, husband of Webb's relative, who said he
instructed by Webb, in my presence, to take care of the house where the March 9, 1991, to October 26, 1992. On October 1, 1996, Judge Amelita hired Hubert Webb as an employee at his pesticide company in
incident happened". Alfaro also said that she bumped into Biong at the Tolentino admitted only 10 of the 142 pieces of evidence the defense California. Both Webb and del Toro could not describe in court what
Faces Disco in Makati in March 1995 and relayed to her the offer of the presented. (Under Philippine law, generally, alibi is the weakest defense, Hubert's work was, Tolentino said. Tolentino also found it hard to believe
group to give her a free ticket to the United States to shut her up. She especially where there is direct testimony of an eyewitness, duly that Webb was working with a pesticide company because he was
added that suspect Miguel Rodriguez warned her to "shut up or you're corroborated by another. People vs. Bello, G.R. No. 124871, May 13, 2004.) asthmatic and allergic to various substances. Webb's testimony was also
gonna get killed" in the same disco on April 8, 1995 prompting her to contradicted by other US-based defense witnesses who said they usually
voluntarily submit herself to the National Bureau of Investigation(NBI) Among evidence that was not admitted by Judge Tolentino, was the note saw him "going to the beach, malling, bar-hopping or playing basketball.
for protection. According to the footage of the trial, Alfaro had been able verbale from the United States Embassy in Manila claiming that Webb Tolentino also said, the photographs and videotapes purportedly
to identify all the defendants by their names. The defense questioned entered the United States in March 1991 and left in October 1992. This showing Webb in the United States appeared to be tampered. Tolentino
Alfaro's credibility noting that she admitted to being under the influence coincided with his passport and Philippine Immigration records but were said the certificates issued by the US Immigration and Naturalization

he has been on the semen specimen obtained during autopsy from Carmela Vizconde. Antonio Lejano. kill her grave abuse in its treatment of the evidence and prosecution witnesses. On occasions. Lejano vs PeoplePeople vs Webb Facts:The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the CA and acquitted accused. 2010." and the rest of the family. court's decision. The Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption(VACC) asked Justice render another judgment based on such evaluation which is not Antonio Carpio and his cousin Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales to take a constitutionally allowed and therefore. Michael Atchalian. December 16. Lauro Vizconde voiced his concern to media about of the evidence and assessment of the prosecution witnesses' credibility. but the grounds are Supreme Court decision exceptional and narrow as when the court that absolved the accused gravely abused its discretion. participate in the deliberations and another was on official leave. What the complainant actually questions is the Court's appreciation November 26. He did This has resulted in the revelation by the National Bureau of not specify that violations of due process and acts constituting grave Investigation (NBI) that they no longer had the specimens as these were abuse of discretion that the Court supposedly committed. not also alleged that the Court held a sham review of the decision of the On October 8. Miguel Rodriguez. The High Court put to question the quality of the testamentary evidence furnished by the witnesses." The court also amended the award of damages from 100. in the process. resulting in loss of jurisdiction. No acquittal has been made as to the two accused. or when a The Supreme Court acquitted Webb and the others tried by the court: mistrial has occurred. Filart and Ventura. including Hubert Webb. Biong as accessory to the crime "by abusing his public functions. doubt. the Supreme Court reversed the earlier judgment of the lower court and Court of Appeals and acquitted seven of the nine accused. the purported lobbying of Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio for the That the court committed grave error in finding Alfaro as not a credible reversal of the guilty verdict. In April 2010. Peter Estrada. Of the 15 Justices. 7 voted for acquittal while four dissented and four Justices. On December 14.. including Carpio. two inhibited. the State may assail the seven justices voted to acquit. finding that the prosecution failed to prove that the accused were guilty beyond reasonable doubt. due to "overwhelming evidence that showed Webb and the case in a manner that resulted in the miscarriage of justice. one did not decision by special civil action of certiorari under Rule 65. Carpio testified for the defense during the witness. and Gerardo .000 pesos. Hospicio Fernandez. or committed other accused had conspired to rape Carmela and. asked the Court to reconsider its for reconsideration and upheld the ruling of Judge Tolentino on decision. as a rule a judgment of acquittal cannot be reconsidered for it discovery of the crime and by allowing the destruction of the physical places the accused under double jeopardy. The complaint wants the court to review the evidence anew and trial. This was categorically denied by the Supreme Court as Justice Carpio had in fact inhibited himself from the case and was not going to take part in the deliberation. the Supreme Court approved DNA testing to be performed Althou complainant Vizconde invoked the exceptions.000 pesos to 200. the judgment of acquittal can no leave while the case is being decided to avoid undue influence on the longer be disturbed. unreasonably regarded Alfaro as The court ruled that the Parañaque RTC was correct in sentencing lacking credibility.. and also upheld the conviction of Issue:Whether or not a judgment of acquittal may be reconsidered." reconsideration after an acquittal is possible. who remain at-large. 2005. issued a tainted and erroneous decision. unable to bring pleas for reconsideration under such exceptions.Service and the Philippine Bureau of Immigration "could have easily been Biong on the ground of lack of proof of their guilt beyond reasonable obtained by the powerful Webb family". 2010. to conceal and destroy the physical evidence in order to prevent the Ruling:No. In any of such cases. seriously misappreciated the facts. Vizconde did remanded to the Parañaque courts. decided the Webb et al. complaint Lauro Vizconde. 2010. claiming that it "denied the prosecution due process of law. a motion for evidence. did not participate. On CA. namely: Hubert Webb. Biong facilitated the escape of the principal accused. Court of Appeals Decision The Court of Appeals' Third Division voted 3-2 to deny Webb's motion Thereafter. Webb filed an urgent motion for acquittal. four dissented.