M-Car

Service Training Manual:
Automatic Transaxle

Instructor Guide

Table of Contents 3-3
M-Car:
Automatic
Introduction ................................................................................................ 5 Transaxle
AT Identification Number ........................................................................... 6
Instructor Guide
Special Feature ......................................................................................... 7
Specification .............................................................................................. 8
Shift Diagrams ........................................................................................... 9
Select Lever & Shift Range ..................................................................... 11
Oil Pump, Cooler ..................................................................................... 12
Planetary Gear Unit ................................................................................. 13
Clutches and Brakes ............................................................................... 14
1st Gear ................................................................................................... 15
2nd Gear ................................................................................................. 16
3rd Gear .................................................................................................. 17
4th Gear................................................................................................... 18
Reverse ................................................................................................... 19
Valves and Solenoids ............................................................................. 20
Introduction .............................................................................................. 25
1st Gear (“L” Range) ................................................................................ 26
1st Gear (“L” Range) ................................................................................ 27
1st Gear (“D” and “2” Ranges) .................................................................. 28
2nd Gear ................................................................................................. 30
3rd Gear .................................................................................................. 32
4th Gear ................................................................................................... 34
Reverse Gear .......................................................................................... 36 AT-1
Lock-Up Control ...................................................................................... 38
TCM Control Overview ............................................................................ 41
Shift Control ............................................................................................ 42
Lock-Up Control ...................................................................................... 43
AT Controller ........................................................................................... 44
Input Signals ........................................................................................... 46
Output Signals ......................................................................................... 59
Trouble Code Chart ................................................................................. 62
Trouble Code Display .............................................................................. 63
Trouble Codes Erase ............................................................................... 64

(Continued) rev 02

................................................................. 70 “P” Range Test ............................................... 3-4 M-Car: Table of Contents Automatic Transaxle Basic Inspection ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 65 Instructor Guide AT Fluid Level and Condition ................................................................................................... 66 Time Lag Test ................................................ 74 Disassembling Inspection .............................................................................................. 80 Symptom Troubleshooting .............. 69 Oil Pressure .................................... 68 Stall Test ........... 78 Bearing ................. 73 Precautions ............................................................................. 83 Special Tool ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Oil Pressure Circuit ................. 72 AT Fluid Replacement .... 77 Valve body Maintenance ....... 105 rev 02 ................................................

3 sets of disc clutches. etc. Front carrier Rear carrier Input shaft Torque converter Low one-way clutch Low clutch High clutch Low & reverse brake Reverse clutch Oil pump 2-4 brake Output gear Front sun gear Front ring gear AT-2 Rear sun gear Rear ring gear Parking gear Reduction gear Idler gear Differential assembly Final gear rev 02 . 1 set of disc brakes. Thus. swift driving. smooth driving at all speed has been realized. and improved fuel consumption. 1 set of band brake. single-stage and two- phase of torque converter is employed. Its electronically-controlled shifting timing and oil pressure Instructor Guide have resulted in delicate gear change for various driving conditions including throttle position and vehicle speed. In this transmission. The transmission consists of 2 single planetary gears. Introduction 3-5 M-Car: Automatic This newly developed automatic transmission is light and compact for small Transaxle vehicles to provide smooth operation. 1 set of one-way clutch. a symmetrical three-element.

Dec: Z) rev 02 . Nov: Y.Sep: 1-9. Oct X. 3-6 AT Identification Number M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide AT-3 Serial Number Year: 2000 Month: May (Jan .

Torque Lock-up control Electronic Converter 4.Input Shaft Speed sensor (ISS) : Lock-up . Multi-disc clutches : 3 sets Band brake : 1 set Wet. Engine 0.Output Shaft Speed sensro (VSS) .Control Element control element Wet. Input signal . Cooling Remote cooler not AT case built-in : Water cooling sysytem needed 5.D or 2 range -> L range 1st gear : Low&Reverse Gear 8.D range 4th gear -> O/D Off 3th gear : Less effective rev 02 . Engine Brake .0L) 3.D range 3/4th gear -> 2 range 2nd gear : 2 range 1st gear OWC . Power Train .Overdrive signal (O/D) On/Off Switch Gear shift control 7. Sensor Smooth operation . Multi-disc brakes :1 set One-way clutch :1 set 2.Special Feature 3-7 M-Car: Automatic Item Feature Remarks Transaxle Instructor Guide . Line pressure Electronical Duty control Smooth operation control Smooth operation : Line pressure .4 forward speed with two planetary Light & Compact gears 1.Air conditioner signal Smooth operation (Engine power loss->Shock->Line P : Line pressure control down) .8L MPI Max : 110Nm (1.ATF Temperature sensor : Lock-up : Gear shift 6.

3-8 Specification M-Car: Automatic Item Data Remarks Transaxle 4-forward and 1 reverse speed. 1.709 FINAL/RDCN 1st 2.914 Fr-Sun teeth=28 Rr-Sun teeth=35 2nd 1. during O/D Oil Capacity 1L Oil Type Trochoid oil pump pum LOW/C 6 Control element Multi-disc clutch : 3 Number of Hi/C 3 clutches sets REV/C 2 Band brake : 1 set Multi-disc brake :1 L&R/B 6 set Servo size 56-35 One-way clutch :1 Output teeth 38 Four-point gear Idle teeth 50 A/T data Reduction teeth 19 Final teeth 68 Primary reduction 1.92 4th gear only Lock-up condition (Available on the 3rd.642 Rr-Ring teeth=67 Lubricating system Forced oil delivery from oil pump 4.525 Fr-Pinion Gear ratio teeth=23 3rd 1 Rr-Pinion 4th 0.316 IDL/OPG ratio Final reduction ratio 3.4L : Level gage MaticD : ESSO JWS3314 = 2 : 1 ATF lowest (Including (Assembling Line Mix Ratio) T/C oil 1L) ATF replacement No need to change ESSO JWS3314 Dry / With MaticD / Weight 45kg / 46kg / 49kg Full rev 02 . diameter step 2 phase) :   Stall Torque (ts) 1.579 FINAL/RDCN IDL/OPG * if (Total reduction ratio) 4. with Instructor Guide A/T type planetary gears. Electronic WKUHHSRLQWERVVZLWKORFNXS Turbine outside Torque converter Type control (Symetrical 3-element.725 teeth=16 Fr-Ring teeth=74 Rev 2.

Shift Diagrams 3-9 M-Car: Automatic D range Transaxle Instructor Guide Acceleration opening angle Vehivle speed (km/h) Lock Up Acceleration opening angle 4rd gear lock-up OFF 4rd gear 3rd gear lock-up ON lock-up OFF 3rd gear lock-up ON Vehivle speed (km/h) rev 02 .

3-10 Shift Diagrams M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 2 Range Instructor Guide L range rev 02 .

1st gear position L .The key interlock mechanism of the ignition key is released. 1. pq: Shift with pressing the button / ñò: Shift without pressing the button Notice : Be sure to observe the followings when operating the shift lever. Instructor Guide .Engine can be cranked. “N”ð”R”.Select Lever & Shift Range 3-11 M-Car: Parking position Automatic . 4.Selected for Reverse gear Neutral position N ×Ø . or “L”) to reverse (“R”) and vice versa should happen only when the vehicle is in a complete standstill. 2. “P” should be selected only when the vehicle has completely stopped. shifting to another range is possible by pressing the ST button while depressing the brake pedal. Otherwise. do not select another range. Normal driving position .When the ignition key is ON.Engine can be cranked.) Selected for engine brake effect or limit shifting up to the 2nd. Select lever The select lever is a floor type. do not coast down in the “N” range nor repeat shifting to the “N” range. “D”ð”2". 2nd and 3rd. While driving the vehicle. “2”. 2 ×T . If the engine is rurning at high speed while “N” or “P” is selected. . ×T (Gear is limited up to the 3rd when O/D is OFF. and 3rd and 4th gears D in response to the vehicle speed and throttle angle. Reverse position R SØ . it may cause the automatic transmission to be internal- damaged or the vehicle to start suddenly. 3. Shifting from forward ranges (“D”.Shifted automatically between 1st and 2nd. “P”ó”R”.The output shaft of the transmission is mechanically locked.Selected when climbing a steep slope or powerful engine braking is desirable when driving downhill. Shift range Shift Schedule Range O/D ON O/D OFF D 1Ù2Ù3Ù4 1Ù2Ù3Õ4 2 1Ù2Õ3Õ4 L 1Õ2Õ3Õ4 rev 02 . Transaxle P .Shifted automatically between the 1st and 2nd gears. and “2”ð”L” are selected by pressing the button. “N” “D” can be selected freely.

3-12 Oil Pump. the lubrication is not carried out when the engine stops. Oil Instructor Guide pump is operated by the torque converter sleeve case. Therefore. AT-4 Oil Cooler The built-in water-cooled oil cooler is installed on the AT case. Cooler M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Oil Pump The trochoid oil pump is installed on the input shaft side of the AT case. rev 02 .

except the one-way clutch. sun gear is faster than planetary carrier. are operated by oil pressure switched by the shift valves. Planetary carrier A. reverse. When the internal gear is locked. Sun gear 2. When the planetary carrier is locked. backward shifting. Different engagement combination of each planetary gear Instructor Guide of in the front and rear side enables forward. “2” range) x x* 1st (“L” range) x x Eng Brake * Locked only while accelerating rev 02 . the planetary carrier. This unit consists of the sun gear. clutches and brakes are used to engage and lock the components of the front and the rear respectively. Internal gear(Ring gear) 4. AT-5 Clutch and Brakes To shift gears via the planetary gear unit. the solenoid valves and the oil passage in the valve body . sun gear rotates faster than internal gear. C. 1. Clutches and brakes. in reverse direction. Transaxle or neutral.Planetary Gear Unit 3-13 M-Car: Automatic The planetary gear unit is used to shift the gear position to forward. High Reverse 2-4 brake Lo one-way Shift position clutch brake clutch clutch band clutch P R x x N 4th gear x x 3rd gear x x 2nd gear x x 1st (“D”. and the internal (ring) gear. When the sun gear is locked. planetary carrier rotates slower than internal gear. Low Lo & Rev. B. Pinion gear 3.

Low clutch The low clutch engages the rear internal gear and the front planetary Instructor Guide carrier. High clutch The high clutch engages the front planetary carrier and the input shaft. The 2-4 brake operates via the 2-4 brake servo of which the engagement and release sides line pressure is applied to. Low one-way clutch The low one-way clutch prevents reverse rotation of the front carrier and the rear internal gear which are engaged together by the low clutch. 6. rev 02 . Lock-up clutch The lock-up clutch inside the torque converter locks up under the appropriate conditions in 3rd and 4th gears. The low & reverse brake locks the front planetary carrier in reverse gear. which operates in the 3rd and 4th gears. 2-4 brake and brake servo The 2-4 brake and brake servo lock the front sun gear. 2. 5. The 2-4 brake does not operate when line pressure is applied to both of the engagement and release sides. 7. which operates along with the low & reverse brake in reverse gear. Because the front carrier and the rear internal gear with low clutch is able to rotate clockwise. 3. The brake operates when line pressure is applied only to the engagement side. which enables engine brake in the “L” range. This operates just mechanically. engine brake does not occur. Reverse clutch The reverse clutch engages the front sun gear and the input shaft. This brake operates in the 1st gear in the “L” range along with the low clutch to lock the rear internal gear. . These operate in the 2nd and the 4th gear. 3-14 Clutches and Brakes M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 1. Low & reverse brake . 4.

Rear Internal Gear 3. nc: Revolution Carrier. since the L & R brake does not operate. Rear Carrier rev 02 . Engine brake can occur by the low clutch and the low & reverse brake. Front Internal Gear 5. However. Low & Reverse Brake One-Way Clutch Low Clutch Reverse 2-4 Band Clutch Clutch High Clutch 1.1st Gear 3-15 M-Car: Automatic 1st Gear (“L” Range) Transaxle Front Rear Instructor Guide Internal gear Rotates CW (ni rpm) Locked Carrier Locked Rotates CW (ncrpm) Sun gear Rotates CCW (nsrpm) Rotates CW (nsrpm) Input: Rear sun gear Output: Rear Carrier ns > nc ns > nc indicates that output is the reduction to input. Front Sun Gear 2. Operating components • Low clutch: engages the rear internal gear and the front carrier • Low & Reverse brake: locks the front carrier (ns: Revolution Sun gear. engine brake is not AT-6 available. ni: Revolution Internal gear) (CW:Clockwise / CCW:Counterclockwise) 1st gear (“D” and “2” ranges) Operating conditions are almost same as the 1st gear in the “L” range. Front Carrier 6. Input Shaft (rear sun gear) 4.

and output rotation in 2nd gear becomes faster than in 1st gear. Input Shaft (rear sun gear) 4. Therefore. Front Carrier 6. In 2nd gear. Front Sun Gear 2. the front internal gear rotates faster than in 1st gear. Operating components • Low Clutch: engages the rear internal gear and the front carrier • 2-4 Brake: locks the front sun gear AT-7 Low & Reverse Brake One-Way Clutch 2-4 Band Low Clutch Reverse Clutch High Clutch 1. 3-16 2nd Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Front Rear Instructor Guide Internal gear Rotates CW (ni rpm) Rotates CW (ni rpm) Carrier Rotates CW (ncrpm) Rotates CW (ncrpm) Sun gear Locked Rotates CW (nsrpm) Input: Rear sun gear Output: Rear Carrier ns > nc ns > nc indicates that output is the reduction to input. Rear Carrier rev 02 . Front Internal Gear 5. Rear Internal Gear 3. the front sun gear is locked and the front carrier rotates clockwise.

Front Carrier 6. Rear Carrier rev 02 . Front Sun Gear 2. Operating components • Low Clutch: engages the rear internal gear and the front carrier • High Clutch: engages the the front carrier and the input shaft Low & Reverse Brake One-Way Clutch 2-4 Band AT-8 Low Clutch Reverse Clutch High Clutch 1. which means the rear planetary unit rotates as one unit.3rd Gear 3-17 M-Car: Automatic Front Rear Transaxle Internal gear Rotates CW (nirpm) Rotates CW (nirpm) Instructor Guide Carrier Rotates CW (ncrpm) Rotates CW (ncrpm) Sun gear Rotates CW (nsrpm) Rotates CW (nsrpm) Input: Rear sun gear Output: Rear Carrier ns = ni = nc In the 3rd gear. Input Shaft (rear sun gear) 4. Front Internal Gear 5. Rear Internal Gear 3. The input and output shafts are linked directly. the rear sun gear and the rear internal gear rotates same speed.

Input Shaft (rear sun gear) 4. Operating components • High Clutch : engages the the front carrier with the input shaft • 2-4 Brake : locks the front sun gear AT-9 Low & Reverse Brake One-Way Clutch 2-4 Band Low Clutch Reverse Clutch High Clutch 1. Therefore. Rear Carrier rev 02 . Front Internal Gear 5. 3-18 4th Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Front Rear Instructor Guide Internal gear Rotates CW (ni rpm) Rotates CW (ni rpm) Carrier Rotates CW (ncrpm) Rotates CW (ncrpm) Sun gear Locked Rotates CW (nsrpm) Input: Front carrier Output: Front internal gear n c < ni In 4th gear. The front internal gear rotates faster than the front carrier. Front Carrier 6. the front sun gear is locked and the front carrier rotates. output rotation is faster than input rotation. Front Sun Gear 2. Rear Internal Gear 3.

The front internal gear rotates counterclockwise.Reverse 3-19 M-Car: Automatic Front Rear Transaxle Internal gear Rotates CCW (ni rpm) Rotates CCW (ni rpm) Instructor Guide Carrier Locked Rotates CCW (ncrpm) Sun gear Rotates CW (nsrpm) Rotates CW (nsrpm) Input: Rear sun gear Output: Front internal gear ns > ni . Front Sun Gear 2. 0 > ni (minus Speed) In the “R” gear. Rear Carrier rev 02 . Rear Internal Gear 3. the output shaft rotates counterclockwise. Front Internal Gear 5. Operating components • Low & Reverse Brake: locks the front carrier • Reverse Clutch: engages the front sun gear and the input shaft AT-10 Low & Reverse Brake One-Way Clutch 2-4 Band Brake Low Clutch Reverse Clutch High Clutch 1. the front carrier is locked and the front sun gear rotates clockwise. Front Carrier 6. Input Shaft (rear sun gear) 4. Therefore.

AT fluid which has been regulated to the set-up pressure lubricates the rotating parts. The oil pressure changes in response to the driving range and throttle position. Pressure regulator valve The pressure regulator valve regulates the oil pump discharge pressure to the Instructor Guide set-up pressure. AT-11 Shift solenoid A. B Pressure modifier valve Line Pressure Pilot Line pressure solenoid Valve (Signal Pressure: 4 kg/cm²) Drain rev 02 . 3-20 Valves and Solenoids M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 1. 3. The oil pressure passing through this valve is called the pilot pressure. This oil pressure is delivered through each solenoid valve to the operating side of the shift valves and the pressure modifier valve. the torque converter and the inside of the valve. Pilot valve The pilot valve keeps the oil pressure steady which fluctuates according to driving conditions. Manual valve The manual valve shifts the line pressure paths directly via the select lever. 2.

The modifier pressure operates the pressure regulator valve and the accumulator control valve. Pilot pressure switching is controlled by the shift solenoid valve B.Valves and Solonoids 3-21 M-Car: Automatic 4. The line pressure changes in response to driving conditions by this operation. This valve is operated by switching the pilot pressure. Shift valve B The shift valve B switches the line pressure applied to each clutch and brake. This valve is operated by switching the pilot pressure. Instructor Guide The oil pressure which has passed through this valve is called the modifier pressure. Pressure Pressure regulator Pilot Modifier Accumulator Control Pressure Modifier Valve Pressure Pilot Pressure from (line pressure solenoid) 5. Pressure modifier valve Transaxle The pressure modifier valve is operated by the pilot pressure which is regulated by the line pressure solenoid valve. Manual Valve Shift Solenoid A ON: 1-2 OFF: 1-Close 3-Close 2-Drain 4-7 3-7 5-Close 4-Close Low & 6-Drain 5-6 reverse Brake Shift Shift 2nd Brake Servo High Clutch Valve Valve engagement side Low Clutch B B Shift Solenoid B ON: A-D OFF: A-Close Drain Drain B-F B-E Shift Solenoid B Shift Solenoid B C-Close C-F E-Drain D-Drain rev 02 . as well as the pilot pressure applied to the neutral shift valve and the lock-up control valve. AT-12 Pilot pressure switching is controlled by the shift solenoid valve A. 6. Shift valve A The shift valve A switches the line pressure applied to the shift valve B and the engagement side of the 2-4 brake servo.

1 through 3 is opened and 2 is closed. • When oil pressure is applied to only 2. OFF closes it. ON OFF Pilot Pressure To Shift Valve Pilot Pressure 9. 1 through 3 is opened and it is applied to the release side of the 2-4 brake servo. 2 through 3 is opened and 1 is closed. • When oil pressure is applied to 1 and 2. The valve ON opens the path for the pilot pressure. Shift solenoid valve A The shift solenoid valve A controls the pilot pressure which operates the shift Instructor Guide valve A. The valve ON opens the path for the pilot pressure. 8. Servo release timing valve The servo release timing valve sets up the timing that the line pressure is AT-13 applied to the release side of the 2-4 brake servo in accordnce with the timing that the line pressure is applied to the low clutch and the high clutch. while shifting from 2nd gear to 3rd. or from 4th gear to 3rd gear occurs. High Clutch Low Clutch Servo Release 1 Timing Valve 2-4 Brake 2 servo Release From Shift Valve rev 02 . • When oil pressure is applied to only 1. Shift solenoid valve B The shift solenoid valve B controls the pilot pressure which operates the shift valve B. 3-22 Valves and Solonoids M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 7. OFF closes it.

Line pressure relief valve Prevents the line pressure applied to the manual valve from increasing above certain limits. The valve is duty. Line pressure solenoid valve Transaxle The line pressure solenoid valve regulates the pilot pressure applied to the pressure modifier valve in response to the throttle position. which is the line pressure (back pressure) applied to each accumulator. This valve is operated via the pilot pressure regulated by the pressure modifier valve. Accumulator Control Valve rev 02 .Valves and Solonoids 3-23 M-Car: Automatic 10. Accumulator This unit relieves abnormal line pressure rise. 1. The line pressure is controlled by the accumulator control valve pressure applied on the opposite side of the accumulators. Accumulator control valve AT-14 The accumulator control valve regulates the accumulator control pressure. Line Pressure 2. applied to each brake and clutch. Modifier Pressure 5. Accumulator Control Pressure 3. 12. Instructor Guide controlled. 13. Pilot Pressure Pressure Modifier Valve Line Pressure Solenoid Valve 11. To each Accumulator 4.

15. The valve is duty-controlled. Lock-up solenoid valve The lock-up solenoid valve regulates the pilot pressure which operates the Instructor Guide lock-up control valve during lock-up. Lubrication Torque Converter Shift Valve Lock-up Control Valve B Line Pressure Lock-up Solenoid AT-15 Pilot Pressure 16. applied to the lock-up clutch in the torque converter. Low Clutch From Shift Valve B Modifier Pressure rev 02 . via the pilot pressure regulated by the lock-up solenoid. Lock-up control valve The lock-up control valve controls oil pressure. Neutral control valve The neutral control valve absorbs fluctuations of line pressure applied to the low clutch. 3-24 Valves and Solonoids M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 14.

” Manual Valve Drain Drain Line Pressure Shift Solenoid A Pilot Valve Solenoid Solenoid ON Line Pressure OFF Solenoid Pressure Modifier Valve Drain Shift Valve B AT-16 Shift Solenoid B Solenoid Solenoid ON OFF Pressure Accumulator Regulator Valve Control Valve Check Ball ShiftSolenoid Servo Release 1st Gear Timing 2nd Gear Valve 3rd Gear On 4th Gear Off Reverse Low & High 2-4 Brake 2-4 Brake Low Clutch Reverse Clutch Servo Servo Clutch Brake Release Engagement Side Side rev 02 . which is line pressure regulated by the pilot valve.Introduction 3-25 M-Car: Automatic To shift gears. the line pressure and the pilot pressure are used. operates the shift valves A and B and the lock-up control valve. It is controlled by the shift solenoid valves A and B and the lock-up solenoid. refer to the sections of the pressure regulator valve. Pilot pressure. For control details. Transaxle Line pressure which operates clutches and brakes is controlled by the Instructor Guide manual valve and the shift valves A and B. the pressure modifier valve and manual valve in “Valves and solenoids. Line pressure is regulated by the pressure regulator valve in response to the pressure modifier valve (throttle position) and the manual valve (selector lever position).

and then operates the low clutch and the low & reverse brake. engine brake occurs when the accelerator pedal is released. the pilot pressure operates the shift valves A and B. line pressure passes through the manual valve and the shift valve A and B. oil pressure which has passed through the shift valve A and B is applied to the low & reverse brake. rev 02 . Since the manual valve is positioned for the “L” range. 3-26 1st Gear (“L” Range) M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line pressure Manual Valve Shift Valve A Instructor Guide Shift Valve B Low Clutch Low&Reverse Brake Pilot pressure Pressure Regulator Valve Pilot Valve Shift Solenoid A (ON) Shift Valve A Shift Solenoid B (ON) Shift Valve B Since the shift solenoid valve A and B are ON. Therefore. Since AT-17 the low & reverse brake operates.

1st Gear (“L” Range) 3-27
M-Car:
Automatic
Transaxle
Instructor Guide

-Line Pressure
-Pilot Pressure
-Throttle Pressure
-Torque Convertor AT-18
Applying Pressure

17. Neutral Control Valve
18. Servo Release Accumulator
19. 1-2 Modulator Valve
20. Shift Valve A
1. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Shift Valve B
2.T orque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Lock-Up Solenoid
3. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Torque Converter Relief Valve
4. Low Clutch 24. Pilot Valve
5. High Clutch 25. Line Pressure Solenoid
6. Reverse Clutch 26. Shift Solenoid B
7. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Shift Solenoid A
8. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Manual Valve
9. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Throttle Pressure Accumulator
10. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Pressure Modifier Valve
11. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Pressure Regulator Valve
12. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Accumulator Control Valve
13. Rear Lubrication 33. Line Pressure Relief Valve
14. Front Lubrication 34. Oil Pump
15. Oil Cooler 35. Discharge
rev 02
16. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. Suction

3-28 1st Gear (“D” and “2” Ranges)

M-Car:
Automatic
Transaxle
Line pressure
Instructor Guide
Manual Valve Shift Valve B Low Clutch

Pilot pressure
Pressure Regulator Valve

Pilot Valve Shift Solenoid A (ON) Shift Valve A

Shift Solenoid B (ON) Shift Valve B

Since the shift solenoid valve A and B are ON, the pilot pressure operates the
shift valves A and B.
Therefore, line pressure passes through the manual valve and the shift valve
A and B, and then operates the low clutch.
Unlike in the case of “L” range, the low & reverse brake does not operate and
the rear internal gear, engaged to the front carrier by the low clutch, is locked
only against counterclockwise rotation by the low one-way clutch; however, it
AT-19 can rotate clockwise. Therefore, engine brake does not occur when the
accelerator pedal is released.

rev 02

1st Gear (“D” and “2” Ranges) 3-29
M-Car:
Automatic
Transaxle
Instructor Guide

-Line Pressure
-Pilot Pressure
-Throttle Pressure
-Torque Convertor AT-20
Applying Pressure

17. Neutral Control Valve
18. Servo Release Accumulator
19. 1-2 Modulator Valve
20. Shift Valve A
1. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Shift Valve B
2. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Lock-Up Solenoid
3. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Torque Converter Relief Valve
4. Low Clutch 24. Pilot Valve
5. High Clutch 25. Line Pressure Solenoid
6. Reverse Clutch 26. Shift Solenoid B
7. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Shift Solenoid A
8. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Manual Valve
9. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Throttle Pressure Accumulator
10. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Pressure Modifier Valve
11. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Pressure Regulator Valve
12. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Accumulator Control Valve
13. Rear Lubrication 33. Line Pressure Relief Valve
14. Front Lubrication 34. Oil Pump
15. Oil Cooler 35. Discharge
16. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. Suction rev 02

3-30 2nd Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line Pressure Instructor Guide Manual Valve Shift Valve A 2-4 Brake Servo Engagement Side Shift Valve B Low Clutch Pilot Pressure Pressure Regulator Valve Pilot Valve Shift Solenoid A (ON) Shift Solenoid B (ON) Shift Valve B Since the shift solenoid valve A is OFF. pilot pressure is blocked and the shift valve A does not operate. AT-21 rev 02 . Since the shift solenoid valve B is ON. and in turn operate the 2-4 brake servo engagement side and the low clutch. Line pressure passes through the manual valve to shift valves A and B. the shift valve B operates.

Line Pressure Solenoid 6. Oil Pump 15. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Discharge rev 02 16. Reverse Clutch 26. Accumulator Control Valve 13. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Pilot Valve 5. Shift Solenoid A 8. Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10. Manual Valve 9. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Shift Valve A 1. Pressure Modifier Valve 11. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Rear Lubrication 33. Shift Valve B 2. Servo Release Timing Valve 30.2nd Gear 3-31 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure -Throttle Pressure AT-22 -Torque Convertor Applying Pressure 17. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Pressure Regulator Valve 12. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Suction . Neutral Control Valve 18. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20. Servo Release Accumulator 19. Front Lubrication 34. Lock-Up Solenoid 3. High Clutch 25. Oil Cooler 35. Low Clutch 24. Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Shift Solenoid B 7. Neutral Shift Valve 31.

Line pressure which has passed through the servo release timing valve is applied to the 2-4 brake servo release side and releases the 2-4 brake. rev 02 . 3-32 3rd Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line pressure Instructor Guide Manual Valve Shift Valve A 2-4 Brake Servo Engagement Side Shift Valve B Low Clutch Servo Release Timing Valve 2-4 Brake Servo Releas Side High Clutch Pilot pressure Pressure Regulator Valve Pilot Valve Shift Solenoid A (ON) Shift Solenoid B (ON) Line pressure passes through the manual valve to the shift valves A and B. Line pressure which has passed through the manual valve to the shift valve B is applied to the high clutch and the servo release timing valve. Line pressure which has passed through shift valve B is applied to the low clutch and the servo release timing valve engagement side. Therefore. Line pressure which has passed through the shift valve A is applied to the AT-23 2-4 brake servo engagement side and the shift valve B. the low clutch and the high clutch operate.

Manual Valve 9. Low Clutch 24. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Pressure Modifier Valve 11.3rd Gear 3-33 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure -Throttle Pressure -Torque Convertor Applying Pressure AT-24 17. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20. Servo Release Accumulator 19. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10. Rear Lubrication 33. Shift Solenoid A 8. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Discharge 16. Shift Valve A 1. Suction rev 02 . Oil Pump 15. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Lock-Up Solenoid 3. Shift Valve B 2. Front Lubrication 34. Pressure Regulator Valve 12. Neutral Control Valve 18. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Line Pressure Solenoid 6. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Reverse Clutch 26. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Shift Solenoid B 7. Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Accumulator Control Valve 13. Oil Cooler 35. High Clutch 25. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Pilot Valve 5. Low Clutch Accumulator 32.

3-34 4th Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line pressure Manual Valve Shift Valve A 2-4 Brake Servo Engagement Side Instructor Guide Shift Valve B High Clutch Pilot pressure Pressure Regulator Valve Pilot Valve Shift Solenoid A (ON) Shift Valve A Shift Solenoid B (ON) Line pressure passes through the manual valve to the shift valve A and B. Line pressure which has passed through the shift valve B is sent to the high clutch and the shift valve A. the 2-4 brake and the high clutch operate. Therefore. Line pressure which has sent through the manual valve to the shift valve A stops there. Line pressure which has passed through the shift valve A is sent to the 2-4 AT-25 brake servo engagement side. rev 02 .

Low Clutch 24. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Line Pressure Solenoid 6. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Front Lubrication 34. Accumulator Control Valve 13. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Discharge 16. Shift Solenoid A 8. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Shift Valve B 2. Suction rev 02 . Rear Lubrication 33. Lock-Up Control Valve 36.4th Gear 3-35 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure -Throttle Pressure -Torque Convertor AT-26 Applying Pressure 17. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Shift Solenoid B 7. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Oil Cooler 35. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Lock-Up Solenoid 3. Shift Valve A 1. Pressure Modifier Valve 11. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Neutral Control Valve 18. Pilot Valve 5. Pressure Regulator Valve 12. Servo Release Accumulator 19. High Clutch 25. Manual Valve 9. Reverse Clutch 26. Oil Pump 15. Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20.

3-36 Reverse Gear M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line Pressure Instructor Guide Manual Valve Low & Reverse Brake Reverse Clutch Pressure Regulator Valve Line pressure is not applied to the shift valves A and B but to the low & reverse brake and the reverse clutch directly. AT-27 rev 02 . Therefore. pilot pressure and the shift solenoid valves A and B are not concerned to gear change. Line pressure is applied to the pressure regulator valve as well. and kept higher than in forward gear.

Pressure Regulator Valve 12. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Pilot Valve 5. Suction rev 02 . Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10. 1-2 Accumulator 29. Neutral Control Valve 18. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Reverse Clutch 26. Low Clutch 24. Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Accumulator Control Valve 13. Oil Cooler 35. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. Rear Lubrication 33. Shift Valve A 1. Lock-Up Solenoid 3. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Discharge 16. Line Pressure Solenoid 6. Pressure Modifier Valve 11. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Oil Pump 15. Manual Valve 9. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Servo Release Accumulator 19.Reverse Gear 3-37 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure -Throttle Pressure AT-28 -Torque Convertor Applying Pressure 17. Shift Solenoid B 7. Shift Solenoid A 8. High Clutch 25. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Shift Valve B 2. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20. Front Lubrication 34.

For control details. refer to the “Control mechanism” section. The lock-up solenoid is duty-controlled. Pilot pressure passing through the shift valve B Instructor Guide operates the lock-up control valve to drain oil pressure from the lock-up clutch release side of the torque converter as well as to raise oil pressure at the engagement side. 3-38 Lock-Up Control M-Car: Automatic When the lock-up conditions are met. Lock-Up Applied Lock-up Clutch Engagement Release Side Side Lubricates Inside Transmission Lock-up Shift Control Valve Valve B Drain Lock-up Solenoid Line Pressure AT-29 Pilot Pressure Lock-Up Released Engagement Release Side Side Lubricates Inside Transmission Lock-up Shift Control Valve Valve B Lock-up Solenoid Line Pressure Pilot Pressure rev 02 . the lock-up solenoid applies pilot Transaxle pressure to the shift valve B.

1-2 Accumulator 29. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Pilot Valve 5. Neutral Control Valve 18. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10.Lock-Up Control 3-39 M-Car: 3rd Gear Lock-Up Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure -Throttle Pressure -Torque Convertor AT-30 Applying Pressure 17. Low Clutch 24. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. High Clutch 25. Line Pressure Solenoid 6. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20. Shift Valve A 1. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Accumulator Control Valve 13. Shift Valve B 2. Discharge 16. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Servo Release Accumulator 19. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Oil Pump 15. Shift Solenoid B 7. Shift Solenoid A 8. Front Lubrication 34. Oil Cooler 35. Pressure Regulator Valve 12. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Rear Lubrication 33. Lock-Up Solenoid 3. Pressure Modifier Valve 11. Suction rev 02 . Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Manual Valve 9. Reverse Clutch 26. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Low & Reverse Brake 23.

1-2 Accumulator 29. Servo Release Timing Valve 30. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Engagement) 22. Shift Solenoid B 7. Rear Lubrication 33. Shift Valve B 2. Suction . Throttle Pressure Accumulator 10. Front Lubrication 34. Accumulator Control Valve 13. 2-4 Brake Release 28. Low & Reverse Brake 23. Manual Valve 9. 1-2 Modulator Valve 20. Pilot Valve 5. High Clutch 25. Torque Converter Relief Valve 4. Servo Release Accumulator 19. Pressure Modifier Valve 11. Discharge rev 02 16. Line Pressure Solenoid 6. 3-40 Lock-Up Control M-Car: Automatic 4th Gear Lock-Up Transaxle Instructor Guide -Line Pressure -Pilot Pressure AT-31 -Throttle Pressure -Torque Convertor Applying Pressure 17. Lock-Up Control Valve 36. Pressure Regulator Valve 12. Low Clutch Accumulator 32. Reverse Clutch 26. Neutral Shift Valve 31. Oil Pump 15. 2-4 Brake Engagement 27. Oil Cooler 35. Low Clutch 24. Torque Converter (Lock-Up Release) 21. Shift Solenoid A 8. Neutral Control Valve 18. Line Pressure Relief Valve 14. Shift Valve A 1. Lock-Up Solenoid 3.

Lock-up .TCM Control Overview 3-41 M-Car: Automatic Item Description Transaxle 1.In O/D OFF.L range Instructor Guide 2. Line pressure extremely low temperature 5. 6.which occurs due to input torque change. Fail safe (In critical fail.LP Duty Solenoid reduces shock in shifting . Shift control 1st through 4th is available in D. 4th gear . lock-up is available in 3rd gear 3. Even in case of input/output component malfunctions. 3rd gear fixed hydraulically or electrically) 7.Lamp blinking tells mafunction occurred.L/U Duty Solenoid makes smoothing control to reduce shock in L/U engaging or release .Low temperature(20 . Mafuncion .Lock-up is available in 4th gear .O/D OFF switch disables 4th gear prohibition .Low temperature(20 .Lamp blinking indicates fail codes by jumping wire rev 02 . the least driving should be possible. Indication .Line pressure increases for quick engaging in 4. Line pressure Air conditioner signal controls line pressure to reduce shock compensation .2.

2nd. gear change is done mechanically by the manual valve and line pressure. Instructor Guide When the select lever is positioned in the “P”. Note: If the AT fluid temperature is lower than 20°C. which are controlled by the Transaxle AT controller. Refer to the previous sections for the power flow mechanism and the oil pressure circuit for each gear position. “N” or “R”. 3rd. and the manual valve operated by the select lever. In other positions. Input Output Vehicle Speed Signal Throttle Signal Shift Solenold A A/C On AT Controller Shift Solenold B Oil Temperature Signal Overdrive Switch Signal Line Pressure Solenoid AT-32 PNP Switch rev 02 . and 4th gears is controlled by the shift solenoid valve A and B. shifting-up to 4th gear is disabled. shifting up and down between 1st. 3-42 Shift Control M-Car: Automatic Gears are shifted by the solenoid valve A and B.

Conditions for lock-up control prohibition • The execution conditions are not fulfilled. Input Output AT-33 Vehicle Speed Signal Throttle Signal Oil Temperature Signal AT Controller Lock-up Solenoid Shift Switch Signal Engine Speed Signal Input Shaft Speed Signal rev 02 . ( ³ 20°C) • The shift switch is in the “D” position. • The throttle angle and vehicle speed must be within the lock-up control range. Lock-up control is performed by the lock-up solenoid and the lock-up control valve. This is the lock-up control. the AT controller outputs a signal to the lock-up solenoid to operate the lock-up clutch in the Instructor Guide torque converter.Lock-Up Control 3-43 M-Car: Automatic When certain conditions are met during driving at higher speed than a certain Transaxle value in 3rd (overdrive OFF) or 4th (overdrive ON) gear. Lock-up control execution conditions • The shift position must be in the 3rd or the 4th gear. • The AT fluid temperature must be within the control execution range.

Battery No P Range SW R Range SW A/C Relay N Range SW A/C Cut Signal D Range SW 2 Range SW L Range SW Reverse Lamp Unit ASSY . Lamp Turbine Sensor Speed ATF Temperature Sensor Meter V IGN Sensor GND A13 VSP Out Power GND rev 02 . Ground Return Shift Sol. Power Supply (V IGN) Battery Back Up (V BATT) IG. SW Vehicle Speed Sensor DIAG. 3-44 AT Controller M-Car: Automatic The AT controller is located on the left side of the driver leg room. PL Duty Sol. A Shift Sol. It sends Transaxle output signals to the solenoids in response to input signals from each sensor Instructor Guide for gear change and lock-up control. If an error is detected. B Lu Duty Sol. SW.CONT OD Off SW AT-34 OD Off Lamp DIAG. the fail-safe function starts to work in order to secure a minimum driving performance.

CNT disconnecte rev 02 .5V.65V 16 40 VSS out (speed meter)0 or 12V 17 Diagnosis SW Battery voltage 41 18 O/D OFF SW ON : 12V. OFF : 0V 42 19 Battery back up Battery voltage 43 GND for system 0V 20 Shift solenoid B Battery voltage 44 21 Shift solenoid A Battery voltage 45 22 46 Throttle pos. IGN On) No Signal Voltage No Signal Voltage 1 PL duty solenoid Battery voltage 25 GND for system 0V 2 GND return 0V 26 P range SW Battery voltage in "P" 3 LU duty solenoid Approx.AT Controller 3-45 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide 48-pin connector White Gray (Engine stopped. signal 11V 23 47 24 Air conditioner signal Battery voltage 48 ATF temperature sens2. signal 0. 0V 27 2 range SW Battery voltage in "2" 4 28 5 29 6 30 7 31 8 GND for sensor 0V 32 Vehicle speed sensor 0 or 12V 9 Turbine rev. sensor 0V 33 10 Power supply Battery voltage 34 L range SW Battery voltage in "L" 11 Power supply Battery voltage 35 D range SW Battery voltage in "D" AT-35 12 Diagnosis lamp Battery voltage 36 R range SW Battery voltage in "R" 13 37 14 38 N range SW Battery voltage in "N" 15 39 Engine rev.

Period: 24. 3-46 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Vehicle speed signal Instructor Guide Description Vehicle speed sensor is installed in the AT case and detects the rotor teeth in the differential gear.8Nm • Resistance Voltage .9 . Duty: 50%-50% fixed .7.08km/h (Actual measure) rev 02 . “D2”-”D3" : ¥ • Pulse Low Speed High Speed . As the vehicle speed increases.5 ± 0.16ms at 62. which generates 0V and 12V alternately. Frequency: Increase by speed Time . The frequency variation signal is monitored and input as vehicle speed. “D1”-”D2" : ¥ . it produces more frequent voltage alternation. Vehicle Speed Sensor Controller Pulse Interval AT-36 Specification • Air gap: 1. The vehicle speed and throttle signals are used as basic data for gear shifting along with TP signal. This sensor is a hall effect sensor.5mm • Tightening Torque: 5. “D1”-”D3" : ¥ . which means higher frequency.

Input Signals 3-47 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Ref V:12V Instructor Guide Vehicle IG. Move the select lever to the “N” range and engage the parking brake. check if battery ground is supplied to pin “D2” of the sensor. Connect the sensor connector. 8. IGN ON and The multi tester should measure 0V or 12V on the signal wire depending on the rotor position. rev 02 . According to speed increasing. 3. SW. 9. 5. Disconnect the sensor connector. AT-37 2. Disconnect the sensor connector and IGN ON. 6. 4. check if 12 V is supplied to pin “D1” of the sensor from TCM. Disconnect the sensor connector. Lift up the vehicle from the ground. and check the sensor resistance between three pins. Speed AT Controller Sensor Vehicle Speed Sensor Connector AT Controller Connector Inspection 1. The multi tester should measure 0V and 12V alternately on the signal wire. 7. Connect the sensor connector. They should measure ¡Ä(infinite). Inspect the signal line battery voltage short or the sensor air gap and the rotor teeth or TCM internal fault. check if battery voltage is supplied to pin “D3” of the sensor. the signal frequency should increase. IGN ON and turn the wheels by hands. Disconnect the sensor connector and IGN ON.

6 2. 3-48 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Input shaft speed signal Instructor Guide Description The input shaft speed (turbine) sensor detects the high clutch sleeve speed.8V 1 Period 1/12 rev.5mm • Tightening Torque : 5.56 msec Pict to Pick = 7.4 4. which is installed on the mounting (the side cover) at the side of the transmission case. This signal is used as basic data for lock-up control and gear ratio calculation.2 1. This sensor is a variable reluctance sensor. As the turbine speed increases.2 11.7 8. which generates wave pulses.8Nm • Resistance : 540W (20°C) AT-38 • Input Shaft Speed – Output Voltage Chart RPM 100 200 300 500 950 1000 2000 3000 5000 Voltage (DC) 0. Low Speed High Speed rev 02 .5 ± 0. it outputs bigger amplitude and higher frequency signals.9 . Specification • Air gap : 1.5 17 Turbine rpm + 3205 Voltage Period = 1.6 1.6 4.7.

AT-39 Measure the resistance of the turbine sensor. IGN ON. (540 W at 20°C) 3. 7. measure the voltage between the “C1” pin of the turbine sensor and ground. Move the select lever to the “N” range and engage the parking brake. the signal amplitude and frequency should increase. The “C2” and the ground measures 0V 2. rev 02 . Idle the engine. Remove the turbine sensor connector. it should be 4. 4. IGN ON. 5. The multi tester should measure some output voltage from the sensor signal line. Lift up the vehicle from the ground. Inspect the signal line battery short or the sensor air gap and the high clutch sleeve or TCM internal fault. (refer to RPM-Voltage chart) According to speed increasing. Connect the sensor connector. 6.5~5V. 0V is checked on the signal line. Disconnect the sensor connector. Connect the sensor connector.Input Signals 3-49 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle AT Instructor Guide Controller High Clutch Shielding Wire Sleeve Turbine Sensor Turbine Sensor Connector AT Controller Connector Inspection 1.

Tightening torque: 3. 3. AT-40 4. This signal is used to determine the appropriate driving gear for the vehicle speed. Terminal Mark Shift Position rev 02 . High (Battery Voltage) Low (approx. Fix the select lever assembly by inserting a 3 mm pin (drill) into the location hole of the select lever assembly and the shift switch. Then the controller detects the positions of the select lever and the manual valve. Loosen the shift switch fixing bolt. Tighten the fixing bolt. 3-50 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Shift position signal Instructor Guide Description This shift switch is installed on the manual shaft which applies the battery voltage to the AT controller in response to the select lever position.2 Nm (33 kgf cm) Inspection Check the shift switch for the continuity in each position corresponding to the following table. OV) Selected Other Terminal Terminal Voltage Voltage Adjustment 1. 2. This switch also works as a starter inhibit switch. Position the select lever assembly to “N”.

It should be 12V. It should measure 12V at appropriate shift lever position selected. 4. IGN ON and measure the voltage of the terminal “A2” through “A8” between ground. Remove the switch connector. 5. Remove the switch connector. Remove the connector of the shift switch. It should be 0V. AT-41 Inspect the switch continuity depending on the switch continuity chart. rev 02 . IGN ON and measure the voltage on each terminal changing the shift lever position. Inspect the signal line ground short or TCM internal fault. IGN ON and measure the voltage of the terminal “A1”. 2.Input Signals 3-51 M-Car: Automatic Shift Switch Coupler Transaxle Instructor Guide AT Controller Back Lamp Shift Switch Shift Switch Connector AT Controller Connector 1. 3. Install the shift switch connector.

33 kW AT-42 80°C: approx. 4th gear and lock- up control criterior.3 0.5 kW R : Resistance 50°C: approx.6 1. Resistance Oile Temperature Specification [ R = R20 x EXP{B(1/T-1/T20)} ] • Resistance * Legend 20°C: approx.7 0.2 0.6 0. installed on the valve body. and line pressure control.9 0.5 0.1 rev 02 . 3-52 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle AT Fluid temperature signal Instructor Guide Description This sensor detects the AT fluid temperature.5KOhm at 20°C B=3520 (constant) T20 = 293 = 273 + 20 (Absolute temperature) * EX) At -40°C.3 2. resistance goes down. 0. 3. This sensor is a NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient) type.4 2.2 0.8 1.1 T e mpe rature (°C ) 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Voltage (V) 0. 0.17 kW R20 = 2. R = 50KOhm • Temperature-Voltage Chart T e mpe rature (°C ) -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 Voltage (V) 2.3 1.5 2. temperature goes up. Resistance of the sensor is sensed as voltage signal and used to judge the proper shifting point. that is.1 2 1.4 0.

IGN ON and measure the voltage of the terminal “B7”. Connect the sensor connector. rev 02 . Disconnect the sensor.5V Instructor Guide AT Controller Oil Temperature Shift Solenoid Sensor Coupler Valve Body Shift Solenoid Connector AT Controller Connector Inspection 1. 20°C: approx.17 kW 4. Disconnect the sensor connector.5 kW AT-43 50°C: approx.Input Signals 3-53 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Ref V:2.33 kW 80°C: approx. 0. Disconnect the sensor connector. It should measure 2.5V. 0. and check the sensor resistance. IGN ON and check the signal voltage based on the Temperature-Voltage chart. IGN ON and measure the voltage of the terminal “B6”. 2. 3. 5. Inspect TCM internal fault. It should measure 0V 3.

Low Speed High Speed AT *TCU Engine AT-44 Controller Ref V: 12V Controller PullUp R: 5. This signal is used as basic data for lock-up control.6kΩ AT Controller rev 02 . 1 Period=2/3 rev. 3-54 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Engine speed signal Instructor Guide Description The engine speed signal is input from the engine controller. Specification 1 Period=2/3 rev. which is frequency modulation.

Inspect the signal line battery voltage short or ECM/TCM internal fault. 3.Input Signals 3-55 M-Car: Inspection Automatic 1. If you accel the engine. IGN ON and check if 0. check signal voltage with multimeter. Instructor Guide 2. Idle the engine. IGN ON and check if 12V is checked on Transaxle the signal wire from TCM. Inspect idle RPM and RPM response in the engine data list with the scan-100. it should be about 6V.65V is measured on the signal wire with a multimeter. Connect ECM. 5. then its frequency will increase. rev 02 . 4. Remove ECM connector.

3-56 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle The throttle position signal Instructor Guide Description The throttle signal is sent from the engine controller to the AT controller after converted into duty signal. Specification • Frequency : 64Hz (15. Idle : 8% ± 2% (active-low) . WOT : 76% ± 3% (active-low) Duty Ratio = T1/T0 AT-45 OFF Duty • TP angle & ECM TP signal data relation TP output = Vout/Vref x 100 (Vout : TP sensor output voltage. As the throttle opening angle increases. Vref : TP sensor reference voltage) T P Angle (°) T P output M in T ype M ax 12% (Idle) 6 8 10 90% (W O T) 82 84 86 rev 02 .625ms) • PWM Duty (ECM to TCM signal) . the time ratio of the “LOW” side increases.

With TP 90%. IGN ON and check signal voltage by a multimeter With TP 12 %. Connector ECM. IGN ON and check if you can measure battery voltage on the signal line. 3. it should be about 11V. With the Scan-100.Input Signals 3-57 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle AT Controller Engine Instructor Guide Ref V: 12V Controller Pull-Up R: 5. Remove ECM connector. AT-46 rev 02 .6KΩ Throttle Position Sensor AT Controller Connector Inspection 1. 2. about 2. check if ECM receives the normal TP signal from the TP sensor.4V. Inspect the signal line battery voltage short or ECM/TCM internal fault. 4.

which makes the 4th gear down-shifted to the 3rd gear and the O/D OFF indicator ON. A/C ON/OFF changes engine torque. 3-58 Input Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Overdrive signal Overdrive switch is installed on the select lever. High (Battery Voltage) Low (approx. the air conditioner signal AT-47 is “Low (approx. While the air conditioning clutch is operating. A/C OFF : 12V High (Battery Voltage) . is disabled when this O/D OFF switch is ON.6k¥Ø • TCM A/C signal . that is. 0V) O/D Allowed O/D Not Allowed (Switch OFF) (Switch ON) Air conditioner signal Description The engine controller sends the control signal to the air conditioning clutch relay and to the AT controller as well. TCM controls the line pressure solenoid according to this changed engine torque in order to get appropreate line pressure and reduce shifting shock. 0V)”. Instructor Guide which is the over drive. Specification • TCM ref voltage : 12V • TCM pull-up Resistor : 5. Shifting-up to the 4th gear. the line pressure solenoid is controlled based on this signal. A/C ON : 0V Low (approx. 0V) Air Conditioner Air Conditioner ON OFF rev 02 .

IGN OFF. Inspect the solenoid wire battery voltage short or TCM internal fault. 4. IGN ON. Shift Solenoids Terminal Voltage High (Battery Voltage) Low 1st 2nd 3rd 4th (approx. 0V) Shift solenoid A ON OFF OFF ON Solenoid OFF Solenoid ON Shift solenoid B ON ON OFF OFF Inspection 1. which are normally Closed ON/OFF types. AT-48 Apply battery voltage to the terminal of the shift solenoid A or B. IGN OFF. 5. (CNT Connected / Disconnected : 12V / 12V) 2.Output Signals 3-59 M-Car: Automatic Shift solenoid A. AT Controller Shift Solenoid A Shift Solenoid Shift Solenoid B Coupler Valve Body Shift Solenoid AT Controller Connector rev 02 . Check the resistance of shift solenoid A and B between ground. Resistance : 25W (20°C) 3. check solenoid ON/OFF according to gear position. remove the solenoid connector. B signal Transaxle Description Instructor Guide These two shift solenoids. You should hear the operation clicking sound inside the TM case. measure voltage of the shift solenoid A&B control lines between ground. Driving the vehicle. control shifting up and down in combination with each other. remove the solenoid connector.

remove the solenoid connector.Time Rattio Inspection 1. Check the solenoid control voltage according to driving condition. IGN ON. measure voltage of the line pressure solenoid low line. 3-60 Output Signals M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Line pressure solenoid signal Instructor Guide Description Duty control signal regulates throttle pressure applied to the pressure modifier valve. IGN OFF. Check the solenoid resistance between pin “B3” and “B5” Resistance : 2. 6. Inspect the solenoid high line battery voltage short or TCM internal fault. 5. (CNT Connected / Disconnected : 0V / 12V) 2. Inspect if the solenoid valve mechanically stuck AT Controller Line Pressure Solenoid Shift Solenoid Coupler Valve Body Shift Solenoid Connector AT Controller Connector rev 02 . IGN ON. measure voltage of the line pressure solenoid high line.9W (20°C) AT-49 4. (CNT Connected / Disconnected : 0V / 11V) 3. • Duty : 0~ 95% • Frequency : 50Hz Valve • OFF-High pressure Opening Angle • ON-Low pressure Duty OFF .

IGN ON. The duty signal is output when lock-up is applied. Inspect the solenoid control line ground short or TCM internal fault. 5. remove the solenoid connector.Output Signals 3-61 M-Car: Automatic Lock-up solenoid signal Transaxle Description Instructor Guide This signal operates the lock-up solenoid to execute lock-up control. Resistance: 13W (20°C) 3. IGN OFF. AT-50 Lock-Up AT Controller Solenoid Valve Body Shift Solenoid AT Controller Connector rev 02 . Check the resistance of the lock-up solenoid. Check the solenoid control voltage according to lock-up condition. measure voltage of the lock-up solenoid control line. • Duty : 0~ 95% • Frequency : 50Hz Inspection 1. (CNT Connected / Disconnected : 0V / 12V) 2. Inspect if the solenoid valve mechanically stuck. 4.

Malfunction .Shift control sensor 54 .Line pressure control sensor occurred during .Prohibits lock-up Throttle position Out of range .Sets the line pressure solenoid 75 GND return wire Solenoid GND Open OFF.3rd gear fixed Vehicle speed signal input problem 22 .Line pressure control rev 02 .Considers the previous range as the No input signal current one.Prohibits lock-up.3rd gear fixed 58 Shift solenoid B Open/short circuit . .Line pressure control . .Determines shift position switch) Multiple signal inputs according to the following priority: from the shift switch “D”>“N”>“P”>“R”>“2”>“L” .Prohibits lock-up.Prohibits lock-up. No input signal or .Line pressure control 15 Turbine sensor No input signal .Prohibits lock-up. 48 Open/short circuit solenoid . driving Engine speed 44 No input signal Engine speed = 0 signal Mechanical or 41 Lock-up clutch Hydraulic Prohibits lock-up. Open circuit occurred Considers oil temperature as 80 AT Fluid durIng driving 17 temperature .Prohibits lock-up. circuit .the line pressure solenoid OFF. 3-62 Trouble Code Chart M-Car: Automatic Transaxle DTC Item Conditions Fail-safe control Instructor Guide .3rd gear fixed 53 Shift solenoid A Open/short circuit .Lock-up and 4th gear are sensor Open/short circuit disabled.Prohibits lock-up. Shift switch . Line pressure . 43 Lock-up solenoid Open/short circuit . 55 (Select position . wire Line Pressure .Line pressure control .Lock-up is controlled based on engine and output revolution.the lock-up solenoid OFF.Line pressure control Throttle signal Abnormal pulse width .

(1.25Hz) -ON- -OFF- rev 02 . the signal flashing cycles by returng to the code 12. If there is no designated fault Code 12 will repeat to be displayed -ON- -OFF- If there is assigned fault code Firstly.Trouble Code Display 3-63 M-Car: Automatic Display of diagnostic codes Transaxle The diagnostic codes are indicated by flashing of the DIAG LAMP. like the diagram below. and then the flashing. code 12 flashes three times. -ON- AT-51 -OFF- Fault indication When a fault is detected. ground the DIAG SW(TCM “17” pin or DLC Instructor Guide “L”) of the AT controller. When all diagnostic codes have been displayed . the DIAG LAMP(Power Lamp) flashes automatically as shown below. Identify the diagnostic codes via the flashing of the DIAG LAMP as shown in the diagram below. In order to read the diagnostic codes. occurs three times (example : code 32) for each code in ascending order of the diagnostic codes.

2. Select “2” range at least 2 sec rev 02 . (within 10 sec : if not. Transaxle Instructor Guide * Operate the select lever as following. 3-64 Trouble Codes Erase M-Car: Automatic Error codes in TCM can be erased as following flow. Stop the engine. Turn ON the ignition key 4. erasing process can not be guaranteed) 1. Select “R” range for at least 2 sec 3. Select “D” range at least 2 sec 6. Select “N” range at least 2 sec 5.

1. 3. rev 02 . that the connector has neither become rusty nor accumulated grime. Oil pressure test Measure the line pressure when idling and when the engine has stalled. Ignition timing and idling engine speed check Adjust these if they are not within the specified ranges. Instructor Guide The maintenance details are outlined in the “Primary check” and “Maintenance”. 4. 5. Select linkage check and adjustment 7.Basic Inspection 3-65 M-Car: Automatic It is necessary to check whether or not the basic automatic transmission Transaxle maintenance has been carried out. Power supply and voltage check The battery voltage must be 10 . troubleshoot the engine first. Stall test Check the engine speed at stall in each range. that the terminals are secure and have not become distorted and that no parts have become loose or damaged. Electrical wiring check Check that the connectors fit securely. and check the overall performance of the automatic transmission and the engine. Throttle sensor check and adjustment 8. Road test A road test is carried out to assess the problem properly and as a post maintenance check. If a problem occurs such as a “fluctuating engine speed”. 9. AT fluid check Check level and AT fluid condition. 6. and check the functions of each component. 2.14V when the engine is stopped.

Instructor Guide usually 5 km driving in the city. In engine idling. AT fluid level The AT fluid level should be within the specified range. wipe out dirt and grime from the level gauge to prevent polluting inside the AT transmission.” 3. At this time. check the fluid for odor. Drive the vehicle until the ATF reaches normal condition (70 . rev 02 . move the select lever slowly from “P” through “L” and back to “P. wipe it clean with a paper towel and insert it back to check the AT fluid level. If the level is too low. foreign matter. If the vehicle operates normally. If the fluid has become dark. The level of the fluid should be within the range specified on the level gauge. 2. AT fluid condition Normal AT fluid is red and of moderate viscosity. add the recommended AT fluid. check the transmission for leakage visually. much viscous. change the fluid and carry out the road test again. and oil pressure tests. pick up the oil level gauge. or discoloration. carry out the road. 2. stall. In engine idling. • Before this check. the oil cooler probably leaks. Note: • The fluid level changes according to the ATF temperature. • Recommended AT fluid : ESSO JWS3314 Judgmental criteria 1. Park the vehicle on level ground and apply the parking brake. 3-66 AT Fluid Level and Condition M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Procedure 1. If the level is low. or smells abnormally (a burnt smell).80°C). Be sure to follow the procedure above when carrying out this check. If the fluid has become white in color.

AT Fluid Level and Condition 3-67 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Oil Level (mm: Hot .Hi Level = 0mm Instructor Guide High Side Low Side Oil Temperature Center Test Oil : Idemitsu Matic D : Esso JWS 3314 (mix ratio 2:1) AT-52 rev 02 .

• For another testing after one testing is finished. Previously check the AT fluid level 2. be sure to wait for at least one minute after moving the select lever back to “N” range.8sec . • Time lag standard: . By the same way.8s -Oneway clutch slip -Damage of the low clutch piston oil seal -Low line pressure -Low & Reverse brake slip Time lag "N" to "R" > -Reverse clutch slip 0. 4.R” range : 0.8sec Judgmental criteria Result Probable cause -Low line pressure Time lag "N" to "D" > -Low clutch slip 0. measure the time lag from “N” to “R” range.D” range : 0. Procedure 1. Measure the time it takes from this moment until shift shock is felt using a stop watch. and depress the foot brake. 3-68 Time Lag Test M-Car: Automatic Note: Be sure to start to measure the time after when the engine is fully Transaxle • Instructor Guide warmed up.8s -Damage oft the above brake or clutch piston oil seal rev 02 .“N” range . apply the parking brake. Block the vehicle with the scotches at the front and rear wheels securely. Start the engine and move the select lever from “N” to “D”.“N” range . 3.

Perform this test in “R” and “L” as well. Note: Stall speed : 2850 RPM Judgmental criteria Result Probable cause . Install the engine tachometer.Low & reverse brake slip Higher than the standard in “R” and “L” . Quickly read the engine stall RPM at the point that the engine speed becomes constant(stall point). Instructor Guide Procedure 1.Faulty torque converter .Stall Test 3-69 M-Car: Note: Automatic • Do not continue the stall test for more than 5 seconds at a time. 2.Faulty oil pump . Check the AT fluid level and condition. 3. and “L .Low clutch slip . Depress the foot brake with the left foot. Block the vehicle with the scotches at the front and rear wheels securely. Move the select lever to “D” and depress the accelerator pedal while monitoring the engine speed.One-way clutch slip Higher than the standard in “D” and “2” . 4.Reverse clutch slip Higher than the standard in “R” . apply the parking brake. 5.Low line pressure Higher than the standard in all ranges .Faulty pressure regulator rev 02 .Low clutch slip Higher than the standard in “D”. Transaxle • After a test.Insufficient engine output Lower than the standard in all ranges . Start the engine.Low & reverse brake slip . “2”. Cool the transmission by idling for at least 30 seconds.

Faulty oil pump clutch Lower than the standard .Damaged low & oil seal reverse rev 02 . Start the engine and depress the foot brake.Faulty valve body in idling / stall condition . apply the parking brake. Read oil pressure in “D” and “R” ranges in idling and in stall condition.Damaged low clutch piston oil seal in idling / stall condition piston . • Do not continue the stall condition for more than 5 seconds at a time. Note: ATM oil pressure gauge set : DW-240-010 3. Note: • Ensure no oil leak after installing the oil pressure gauge. Check the AT fluid level and condition.Damaged reverse .1) Stall [KPa (kg/cm²)] 1030 (10.4) Judgmental Criteria Probable cause Result Range “D” “R” Higher than the standard . Instructor Guide 2. 4. Block the vehicle with the scotches at the front and rear wheels securely.8) 600 (6. idling for at least 30 seconds between test cycles. Attach special tool A to the oil pressure check hole of the transmission case. 3-70 Oil Pressure M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Procedure 1.5) 1310 (13. • Be sure to cool the transmission. Oil pressure standard Engine operation "D" range "R" range Idling [KPa (kg/cm²)] 470 (4.

Oil Pressure 3-71 M-Car: Automatic Oil Pressure Port Transaxle Instructor Guide Line Pressure Port Servo Apply Pressure AT-53 Reserve Clutch High Clutch Pressure Port Pressure Port rev 02 .

Check the AT fluid level and condition. Under the same condition. 1. 3. Park the vehicle on an upward slope. pay attention to the traffic situation and keep safety in mind. Similarly. (with more than 5° gradient) and select “P” range. rev 02 . 3. carry out the test on a downward slope. Check shift shock or noise Note: • In carrying out the road test. 2. Release the parking brake to check if the vehicle does not move. check if the vehicle moves when the selector lever is moved from “P” range to the other ranges. Drive the vehicle to check that the shift points follow the shift diagram. 2. • Because the shift diagram represents the shifting start speed. Speed at the end of shifting could differ 2-8 km/h from the diagram. 3-72 “P” Range Test M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Road Test A road test is carried out to assess the problem accurately and to test the Instructor Guide confidence after servicing. “P” Range Test 1.

Lift up the vehicle. Refill the specified fluid through the filler tube the same amount as drained. Note: The fluid level check must be performed in the engine idling and the transmission warmed-up. Transaxle Note : The fluid can not be drained completely. 8. Shift to “R” range and release the brake for about 10 seconds and depress the brake again to idle the engine.4L Note : Do not mix with different kind of oil. Check the AT fluid level. Tightening torque : 44 Nm (430 kgfcm) 3. Repeat the above procedure 1 through 5 two times more. Just in case. Remove the drain plug and drain the AT fluid with the engine stopped Automatic and measure the drained oil. For the last. 6.AT Fluid Replacement 3-73 M-Car: 1. 4. Start the engine and idle the engine for at least five minutes. rev 02 . Repeat this step two or three times more. 5. 7. it may cause problems to the clutches and brakes. Instructor Guide 2. Gradually elevate the engine speed till approximately 50 km/h in the “D” range and depress the brake pedal to idle the engine. Tighten the drain plug with the specified torque. Specified AT fluid : ESSO JWS3314 Total fluid volume : 4.

shifting-up to 4th gear and lock-up operation are not possible. ESSO – JWS3314.) rev 02 . If the vehicle is to be towed using a rope. do not select another range. If the engine is turning over at high speed when "N" or "P" is 8 selected. { { Shifting from forward ranges ("D". Be sure to use only specified ATF. raise the front wheels off the 1 ground and tow the vehicle. do not drive continuously with the 9 "N" range is selected or do not repeat the shift operation to "N" range. it 2 may cause foreign material to enter the oil cooler and may cause clogging. clean and/or replace the oil { cooler. normal gear shifting is possible. 5 are not a problem.) When the AT fluid temperature exceeds 20°C. the towing speed should not exceed 35 km/h and the { towing should be completed within an hour. 6 "P" should be selected when the vehicle has been brought to a complete stop. If necessary. or "L") to reverse ("R") 7 and vice versa should only happen when the vehicle has { { been brought to a complete standstill.(This may cause the vehicle to start suddenly and may cause damage to the { { interior of the automatic transmission. "2". "L" or "R" range is selected. 3 Different type of ATF may cause problems with the clutch and { { brake. 3-74 Precautions M-Car: Automatic Transaxle When driving and handling the vehicle Instructor Guide Maintenance Owner’s No Precautions manual manual If the vehicle breaks down. If the AT fluid temperature is less than 20°C. continuing the high- 4 speed rotation of the engine (stall test operation) will cause { overheating. (It allows the interior of the automatic { { transmission to be protected. When the vehicle is stationary with the brake applied and the "D". These. however. (The interior of the automatic transmission may be { { damaged.) While driving the vehicle. If the interior of the automatic transmission is damaged. "2". Do not allow this to continue for more than 5 seconds.

if you can confirm T/C is damaged. TCM malfunction by electro-magnetic noise from low resistance high tension cable. If ATF color changes or air bubble is generated because of minor water mixing or long mileage (0. as a result. You should replace AT TM . 3. Instructor Guide : Other than authentic parts or after-sales parts could sometimes cause problems such as . But. . 2. If oil level is too high. so you can re-use T/C after cleaning it. shifting shock and slip in shifting. then replace it. . Throttle sensor with long mileage is worn out and its linearity is degraded. TCM malfunction by voltage drop by TV. In case of water mixing with oil. Even in case of AT internal damage or breakage. 4. 5. When electronic problems are suspected for shifting malfunction. Stereo sets and so on. rev 02 . abnormal heat generation and oil pressure drop can cause clutches burn by resistance in operation. you should dismantle the AT and repair it. ATF color becomes milk white. ATF replacement . But. Non-authentic ATF can cause clutch capacity shortage.1 million km). Abnormal shifting point and Shifting shock : Throttle position sensor could be a cause.Precautions 3-75 M-Car: Automatic When diagnosing and servicing AT Transaxle 1. you should replace ATF. Torque converter circuit is protected by oil strainer. if ATF is polluted badly or you can smell burnt inside.

it is not a matter.ATF color changes milk white because of water intrusion inside AT with lock-up function . 3. Lock-up clutch malfunction . .5L in T/C and clean T/C by swing T/C left and right. . Cleaning T/C inside . inspect T/C surface 2. rev 02 . inspect the following. Repeat the above three steps three times. Put ATF 0. After removing T/C from TM. Internal breakage by T/C damage * Inspecting and Cleaning 1. replace T/C . In case that steel or foreign material is shown inside T/C. As long as extremely much steel dust is not shown. 3-76 Precautions M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Repairing Torque Converter Instructor Guide : You can not re-use T/C in case of the follows. In other cases. . After draining ATF from T/C. ATF drain . go to the third step and clean T/C . Drain ATF .

Oil seal.Replace Casting parts Instructor Guide . burrs. Dry spots.Burrs or Damaged parts .Wear.Sinking.Clogged with foreign material . Scratches.Replace Gasket . parts .Replace washer scorch .Replace (Lip.Burrs.Clutch distortion.Damaged spline Seal face .Scratches or Hardened .Scratches. Scorching. Distortion .Piston seal ring.Repair face) rev 02 .Replace Bearings .Passing through with wire or air and Machining .Replace Gear . . Plate warp Clutch disk and .Replace Screws . Deformation .contacting .Replace . wear .Scratches or Burrs .Cracked parts .Disassembling Inspection 3-77 M-Car: Automatic Item Inspection Measures Transaxle . scorching .Replace .Clogged oil passages . Scorch. damaged .Replace Gasket . scratches.Replace Spring .Circuferential wear .Replace Spline .Scratches. Scratches.Replace Brake plate .Remove the gasket remnant. .Replace Oil seal and . wears. .Replace Brake disk spline Clutch plate and . Deformation .Scratches and Burrs .Not turning smoothly .Streaks.Wear.Replace cracks Bush and Thrust .Teeth considerably worn .Wear. pitching.Gasket remnant .Replace Snap ring .

Shift Solenoid B 3.m {430 kgf . Remove the strainer.m {80 kgf . Remove the valve body assembly and the shift solenoid. put a vessel under the transmission when removing the oil pan. Shift solenoid bolt 8 N . Lock-up Solenoid 6.m {80 kgf .cm} rev 02 . Shift Solenoid A 2. Remove the battery terminal 2. 6. Line Pressure Solenoid 4.cm} . Remove the ATF temperature sensor fixing bolts.cm} . Remove the drainage plug to drain the AT fluid. 3-78 Valve body Maintenance M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide 1.cm} . Oil Strainer Dismantling 1. 3. 4. 5. Tightening torque . Remove the connector from the solenoid.m {80 kgf . 7. Note: Since AT fluid can’t be drained through the drain hole thoroughly. Remove the oil pan. ATF Temperature Sensor 5. Drainage plug 44 N . Valve body installation bolt 8 N . Strainer installation bolt 8 N .

Front Carrier 7. Rear Sun Gear 6. One-side race needle bearing + Race 1. High Clutch 11. One-side race needle bearing (Side cover direction) B’. Low Clutch 3. High Clutch Hub 10. Reverse Clutch rev 02 . One-way Clutch 8. Race built-in bearing B.Bearing 3-79 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide * Legend A. Internal Gear 4. Rear Carrier 5. Front Sun Gear Ass’y 9. One-side race needle bearing (Engine side direction) C. Low & Reverse Brake 2.

Line P Check Cooler Inlet Reverse Clutch T/C REL O/P OUT High Clutch T/C APP Oil Pump Inlet Oil Pressure Circuit L&R/B Low Clutch Servo Apply Case Servo Release High Clutch Reverse Clutch M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide 3-80 rev 02 . Servo Release Servo Apply Cooler Outlet Cooler Inlet = Low Clutch Centrifugal Torgue Converter Outlet Oil Pressure Cancel & Bearing LUB.

Oil Pressure Circuit 3-81 M-Car: Automatic Side Cover and Oil Pump Transaxle Instructor Guide High Clutch Reverse Clutch Cooler Outlet Cooler Inlet Oil Pump Outlet Torque Converter Outlet Torque Converter Release = Cooler Inlet Torque Converter Apply Oil Pump Inlet Low Clutch Centrifugal Oil Pressure Cancel & Bearing Lubrication rev 02 .

3-82 Oil Pressure Circuit M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Valve Body Instructor Guide Line Pressure Duty Solenoid Shift Solenoid B Shift Solenoid A Lock-up Duty Solenoid T/C Release T/C Apply Oil Pump Outlet Oil Pump Inlet Lower Clutch Low & Reverse Brake Cooler Inlet High Clutch Servo Apply Servo Release Reverse Clutch rev 02 .

H ars h s hock in 1-2 s hift-up. Vehicle will not move in " R " . No engine braking in L. Clutch s lips in 3-4 s hift-up.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-83 M-Car: Symptom Troubleshooting Chart Automatic Transaxle Onboard check Dis as s embly check P robable caus e E lectrical s ys tem Instructor Guide Oil P owerflow s ys tem E xternal AT X Internal AT X pres s ure T rouble s ymptoms Vehicle will not move in an Vehicle will not move in " D" Vehicle will not move in " D" . Clutch s lips in 1-2 s hift-up. Clutch s lips when vehicle s tarts (in forward ranges ). Nois e when idling Nois e when s elector is m Nois e when driving Nois e when s hifting E ngine s talls . Clutch s lips in 2-3 s hift-up. Clutch s lips when vehicle s tarts (in the revers e range). Lock-up does not operate. Lower than normal maximum s peed and/or poor acceleration No s hift in any range No 1-2 s hift-up No 2-3 s hift-up No 3-4 s hift-up S hift point is high or low. Vehicle moves in " N" . H ars h s hock in 3-4 s hift-up. H ars h s hock during driving when s elector is moved from " N" to " R " . H ars h s hock in 2-3 s hift-up. H ars h s hock during driving when s elector is moved from " N" to " D" . Oil blows out from air breath S tarter will not rotate in " P rev 02 .

Error in control valve spool sliding . Is there any slippage in the select YES Go to the next step.Damage to or wear of the oil pump .Incorrect select linkage adjustment . replace the ATX.Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . 2 linkage when checked during the primary check? NO Adjust the select linkage. Is the ATF level correct when 1 checked during the primary check? Adjust the ATF level as specified.Incorrect ATF level adjustment .Malfunction of torque converter Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.Faulty engine system . idle gear.Operation of the parking mechanism 3 the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO . 3-84 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 1-1 Vehicle will not move in any range.Faulty parking release . Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide . and differential gear) . NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty.Low line pressure . Then proceed with the ATX check.Torque converter Is the measured line pressure within .Damage to gear(s) .Damage to each of the gears YES (Output gear.Broken or damaged oil pump . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . YES Go to the next step.

Reverse clutch slip .Low clutch slip .Sticking of the low clutch resulting form burning or malfunction Step Check Action In the case where the select Check the following: (ATX linkage adjustment checked in disassembly) the pramary check is corred: .Bum or wear of the low clutch .Bum or wear of the low clutch .Bum or wear of the low & reverse clutch 1-4 Vehicle will not move in “D”. “2” or “L” Probable cause . “2” or “L” Probable cause .Operation of the tow one-way clutch 1-3 Vehicle will not move in “D”.Bum or wear of the low clutch . “2” or “L” Probable cause .Low & reverse clutch slip Step Check Action In the case where the ATF level Check the following: (ATX and the line pressure measured disassembly) in the primary check are correct: .Bum or wear of the low & reverse clutch 1-5 Vehicle will not move in “D”.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-85 1-2 Vehicle will not move in “D”or “2” M-Car: Automatic Probable cause Transaxle .Low & reverse clutch slip Step Check Action In the case where the ATF level Check the following: (ATX and the line pressure measured disassembly) in the primary check are correct: .Operation of the low clutch rev 02 .Low one-way clutch slip Step Check Action In the case where the ATF level Check the following: (ATX and the line pressure measured disassembly) in the primary check are correct: .Low clutch slip Instructor Guide .

Is the problem rectified by replacing YES Replace the ATCU.Faulty O/D switch .Slip or malfunction of high clutch .Damage to or wear of oil pump . verify the following parts: .Faulty shift solenoid .Malfunction of torque converter .O/D switch (No service code) YES Has the service code been output .Shift solenoid NO Go to step 2.Error in control valve spool sliding .Slip or malfunction of 2-4 brake band Step Check Action According to the service code check. Instructor Guide Probable cause . . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) .ATF temperature sensor 1 . 4 If no faults are detected in step 3.Replace the torque converter.Faulty ATCU .Line pressure solenoid during the primary check? . the ATCU with that of the same 2 vehicle type? NO Go to step 3.Faulty line pressure solenoid . rev 02 .Check operation of the high clutch and check the plates for burning. Disassemble the ATX and check the .Check the sliding of the control valve spool. 3 interior.Disassemble the oil pump assembly and check it for damage or wear. .Faulty ATF temperature sensor . 3-86 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 1-6 Lower than normal maximum speed and/or poor acceleration.Check operation of the 2-4 brake band and check the band for burning. .

Malfunction of 2-4 brake band .Positioning of inhibitor switch and short or open circuit inside the switch. Probable cause .Shift solenoid A .Positioning of the inhibitor switch and open circuit inside the switch. 2 Is the check within the specified YES Cheek the following: (ATX disassembly) primary range? Is the line pressure measured during . 3 Is the line pressure measured YES Check the following: (ATX disassembly) during the primary check within . replacing the ATC11 with that of the same vehicle type? NO Go to step 3.Operation of the control valve spool 2-3 No 2-3 shift-up.Malfunction of control valve spool . No 1-2 shift-up. during the primary check? verity the following parts: .Fault in inhibitor switch itself .Operation of the 2-4 brake band the specified range? NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . Automatic Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .Malfunction of high clutch .Shift solenoid B .Operation of the high clutch NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . 2 Is the problem rectified by YES Replace the ATCU.Improper positioning of inhibitor switch .Faulty vehicle speed sensor . output short or during the verify the following parts: primary check? YES .Malfunction of control valve spool Step Check Action 1 Has the service code been output YES According to the service code check.Improper positioning of inhibitor switch . NO Go to step 2.Malfunction of shift solenoid B Step Check Action 1 Has the service code been According to the service code check.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-87 M-Car: 2-1.Malfunction of shift solenoid B .Fault in inhibitor switch itself .Shift solenoid B .Vehicle Speed sensor .Faulty ATCU .Malfunction of shift solenoid A . NO Go to step 2.Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . 2-2 No shift in any rage.

during the primary check? YES verity the following parts: . 2 Is the problem rectified by YES Replace the ATCU. rev 02 .Malfunction of control valve spool Step Check Action 1 Has the service code been output According to the service code check.Short or open circuit inside inhibitor switch NO Go to step 2. 3-88 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 2-4 No 3-4 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .Vehicle speed sensor NO Go to step 2.Shift solenoid A YES .Faulty O/D switch Step Check Action 1 Has the service code been output According to the service code check.Operation of the control valve spool 2-5 Shift points is high or low.Operation of the control valve spool voltage of the throttle position NO Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle sensor within the cheek? position specified range in the primary sensor.Faulty ATCU . 2 In response to the throttle YES Check the following: (ATX disassembly) opening angle is the throttle . Probable cause .Malfunction of shift solenoid A .Shift solenoid B .Error in throttle position sensor .Faulty ATF temperature sensor .O/D switch (No service code) .Fault in inhibitor switch itself .Malfunction of control valve spool .Faulty vehicle speed sensor .Malfunction of shift solenoid B . replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type? NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . ATF temperature sensor during verify the following parts: the primary check? .

Malfunction of lock-up solenoid Step Check Action According to service code check. Is the problem rectified by YES Replace the ATCU. 2 replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Faulty turbine sensor .Engine speed sensor YES Has the service code been output .Lock-up solenoid . rev 02 .Malfunction of torque converter .Short or open circuit inside inhibitor switch NO Go to step 2.Engine speed sensor . detected in steps 1 and 2.Vehicle speed sensor during the primary check? .Replace the torque converter.Operation of the control valve spool In the case where no faults are 3 .Turbine sensor .Malfunction of control valve spool . verify the following parts: . Transaxle Probable cause .ATF temperature sensor 1 .Symptom Troubleshooting 3-89 M-Car: Automatic 2-6 Lock-up does not operate.Faulty speed sensor Instructor Guide .Fault in inhibitor switch itself .Faulty ATF temperature sensor .Faulty ATCU .

replace the ATX. check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty.Error in throttle position sensor .Operation of the low clutch 5 during the primary check within .Malfunction of low one-way clutch . 3-90 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 3-1 Clutch slips when vehicle starts (in forward ranges). 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? NO Go to step 2. 4 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary NO Go to step 5. Then proceed with the ATX check.Low line pressure . According to the service code check.Malfunction of control valve spool .Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .Malfunction of low clutch linkage . YES Go to step 3. Is the ATF level correct when 2 checked during the primary Adjust the ATF level as specified. Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage. In response to the throttle opening Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle angle is the throttle voltage of the YES position sensor. Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide . verify YES the following parts: Has the service code been output . check? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) Is the line pressure measured YES .ATF level out of specification Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.Operation of the low one-way clutch the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid .Incorrect adjustment of select .

4 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary NO Go to step 5.Malfunction of reverse clutch .Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . In response to the throttle opening Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle angle is the throttle voltage of the YES position sensor. Is the ATF level correct when 2 checked during the primary Adjust the ATF level as specified. Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage. verify YES the following parts: Has the service code been output . According to the service code check.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-91 M-Car: Automatic 3-2 Clutch slips when vehicle starts (in the reverse range). Then proceed with the ATX check.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? NO Go to step 2.Incorrect adjustment of select .Operation of the low & reverse clutch 5 during the primary check within .Error in throttle position sensor .Operation of the reverse clutch the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Malfunction of low & reverse clutch linkage .Low line pressure . Transaxle Probable cause . check? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) Is the line pressure measured YES . replace the ATX.Malfunction of line pressure solenoid Instructor Guide . check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty. 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4. YES Go to step 3.Malfunction of control valve spool .ATF level out of specification Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.

checked during the primary 2 Adjust the ATF level as specified. 3-92 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 3-3 Clutch slips in 1-2 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .Malfunction of 2-4 brake band .ATF level out of specification Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally. replace the ATX.Error in throttle position sensor . 4 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary NO Go to step 5. Then proceed with the ATX check.Low line pressure .Operation of the 2-4 brake band the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO . 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4. verify YES the following parts: Has the service code been output .Malfunction of control valve spool .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid . In response to the throttle opening Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle angle is the throttle voltage of the YES position sensor.Incorrect adjustment of select . According to the service code check.Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .Operation of the low clutch 5 during the primary check within .Malfunction of low clutch linkage . Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? NO Go to step 2. Is the ATF level correct when YES Go to step 3. check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty. check? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) Is the line pressure measured YES .

Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage.Error in throttle position sensor .Malfunction of high clutch .Malfunction of low clutch linkage .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid Instructor Guide . verify YES the following parts: Has the service code been output . replace the ATX.Low line pressure . check? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) Is the line pressure measured in YES . According to the service code check.Incorrect adjustment of select .Malfunction of control valve spool .Operation of the high clutch specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO . 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4.ATF level out of specification Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? NO Go to step 2.Operation of the low clutch 5 the primary check within the . YES Go to step 3. In response to the throttle opening Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle angle is the throttle voltage of the YES position sensor. Then proceed with the ATX check. 4 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary NO Go to step 5. Is the ATF level correct when 2 checked during the primary Adjust the ATF level as specified. check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-93 M-Car: Automatic 3-4 Clutch slips in 2-3 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause .

replace the ATX. 4 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary NO Go to step 5. In response to the throttle opening Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle angle is the throttle voltage of the YES position sensor.Incorrect adjustment of select . check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty. Then proceed with the ATX check.Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid . According to the service code check.Operation of the high clutch Is the line pressure measured . 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4. 3-94 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 3-5 Clutch slips in 3-4 shift Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .ATF level out of specification Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? NO Go to step 2. Is the ATF level correct when 2 checked during the primary Adjust the ATF level as specified. verify YES the following parts: Has the service code been output . YES Go to step 3.Operation of the 2-4 brake band 5 during the primary check within the specified range? NO NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) .Malfunction of 2-4 brake band .Low line pressure . check? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) YES . Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage.Error in throttle position sensor .Malfunction of high clutch linkage .Malfunction of control valve spool .

4 replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type? NO Go to step 5. YES Go to step 3. verify the following parts: YES . Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage.Malfunction of low & reverse clutch . According to the service code check.Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . Is the problem rectified by YES Replace the ATCU. Is the ATF level correct when 2 Adjust the ATF level as specified.ATF level out of specification .Malfunction of control valve spool switch . replace the ATX.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-95 M-Car: Automatic 3-6 No engine braking in “L”.Faulty ATCU Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally. Then proceed with the ATX check.Shift solenoid B 1 during the primary check? . Transaxle Probable cause .Operation of the low clutch 5 during the primary check within .Operation of the low & reverse clutch the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO . checked in the primary check? NO *If the ATF is burnt or dirty.Malfunction of shift solenoid A Instructor Guide .Malfunction of shift solenoid B . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) Is the line pressure measured YES . 3 select linkage during the primary check? NO Go to step 4.Incorrect positioning of inhibitor .Malfunction of low clutch linkage .Incorrect adjustment of select .Low line pressure .Positioning of the inhibitor switch NO Go to step 2.Shift solenoid A Has the service code been output .

3-96 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 4-1 Harsh shock in 1-2 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .Damage to or wear of the oil pump .Low or high line pressure (shifting .Throttle position sensor NO Go to step 2. 3 Check the ATCU itself. .Operation of the 1-2 accumulator 4 during the primary check within the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .ATF temperature sensor Has the service code been output .Malfunction of 1-2 accumulator . throttle position sensor within the 2 specified range in the primary Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle check? NO position sensor. verify the following parts: YES . Check whether the problem is rectified by replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type. go to step 4.Error in control valve spool sliding .Incorrect adjustment of 2-4 brake .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid out of specification) . replace the ATCU. In response to the throttle opening angle is the throttle voltage of the YES Go to step 3.Error in throttle position sensor .Return at the 2-4 brake band adjustment Is the line pressure measured .If the problem is rectified.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? .Faulty ATCU band .Faulty ATF temperature sensor Step Check Action According to the service code check.Breakage of or damage to oil pump .If not. . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) YES .Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .

3 Check the ATCU itself. . In response to the throttle opening angle is the throttle voltage of the YES Go to step 3.Malfunction of line pressure solenoid Instructor Guide out of specification) . replace the ATCU.ATF temperature sensor Has the service code been output .Faulty ATCU .If the problem is rectified. Check the following: (ATX disassembly) .No steel ball in the control valve rev 02 .Low or high line pressure (shifting .Damage or wear of the oil pump NO .Malfunction of servo release accumulator .Breakage of or damage to oil pump . 2 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle NO check? position sensor.If not.Malfunction of high clutch .No steel ball in control valve . Check whether the problem is rectified by replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type.Operation of the high clutch YES .Operation of the control valve spool . verify the following parts: YES .Error in throttle position sensor .Operation of the servo release Is the line pressure measured accumulator 4 during the primary check within Check the following: (ATX disassembly) the specified range? . .Error in control valve spool sliding . go to step 4.Symptom Troubleshooting 3-97 M-Car: Automatic 4-2 Harsh shock in 2-3 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause .Throttle position sensor NO Go to step 2.Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? .Faulty ATF temperature sensor Step Check Action According to the service code check.

Error in throttle position sensor .Throttle position sensor NO Go to step 2.Error in control valve spool sliding . replace the ATCU. Check the following: (ATX disassembly) .Breakage of or damage to oil pump . .Line pressure solenoid 1 during the primary check? .Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .Low or high line pressure (shifting . 2 throttle position sensor within the specified range in the primary Adjust the mounting angle of the throttle NO check? position sensor. Check whether the problem is rectified by replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type. In response to the throttle opening angle is the throttle voltage of the YES Go to step 3.Operation of the servo release 4 during the primary check within accumulator the specification? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Malfunction of 2-4 brake band .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid out of specification) . YES .If not.ATF temperature sensor Has the service code been output . go to step 4.Faulty ATCU .Malfunction of servo release accumulator . 3 Check the ATCU itself.Damage to or wear of the oil pump .Return of the 2-4 brake band after YES adjustment Is the line pressure measured .If the problem is rectified. 3-98 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 4-3 Harsh shock in 3-4 shift-up Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide . verify the following parts. .Faulty ATF temperature sensor Step Check Action According to the service code check.

Damage to or wear of the oil pump .Symptom Troubleshooting 3-99 M-Car: Automatic 4-4 Harsh shock during driving when selector is moved from “N” to “D” range Transaxle Probable cause .Faulty ATF temperature sensor Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.If the problem is rectified.If not.Line pressure solenoid during the primary check? NO Go to step 2. replace the ATCU. Check whether the problem is rectified by replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type.Improper positioning of inhibitor . .Breakage of or damage to oil pump .Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 . Is the inhibitor switch positioned 2 properly? NO Adjust the positioning of the inhibitor switch.Low or high line pressure (shifting .Faulty ATCU .ATF temperature sensor 1 . YES Go to step 3.Faulty engine system . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) YES . 3 Check the ATCU itself .Operation of the low clutch Is the line pressure measured .Error in control valve spool sliding .Operation of the low clutch accumulator 4 during the primary check within the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO . verify the following parts: YES Has the service code been output .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid Instructor Guide out of specification) . go to step 4.Malfunction of low clustch . According to the service code check. Then proceed with the ATX check.Malfunction of low clutch accumulator switch .

Malfunction of low & reverse clutch . Then proceed with the ATX check.Operation of the reverse clutch Is the line pressure measured .Faulty ATCU . YES Go to step 3.Breakage of or damage to oil pump . Check the following: (ATX disassembly) YES .No steel ball in the control valve rev 02 . verify the following parts: YES Has the service code been output .If the problem is rectified. 3-100 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic Transaxle 4-5 Harsh shock during driving when selector is moved from “N” to “R” range Instructor Guide Probable cause .Line pressure solenoid during the primary check? NO Go to step 2.Faulty engine system . .If not.Operation of the low & reverse clutch 4 during the primary check within the specified range? Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .High line pressure . replace the ATCU. 3 Check the ATCU itself. .Malfunction of line pressure solenoid .No steel ball in control valve switch .ATF temperature sensor 1 . Check whether the problem is rectified by replacing the ATCU with that of the same vehicle type.Incorrect positioning of inhibitor .Damage to or wear of the oil pump .Faulty ATF temperature sensor Step Check Action Carry out an engine performance check to ensure that the engine is behaving normally.Malfunction of reverse clutch . Is the inhibitor switch positioned 2 properly? NO Adjust the positioning of the inhibitor switch. go to step 4. According to the service code check.

Reverse clutch assembly .Pump noise caused by trouble in oil circuit or oil control system .Faulty low & reverse brake (N_>R) Step Check Action Is the line pressure measured Check the following: (ATX disassembly) during the primary check within .Operation of the control valve spool .Error in the oil pump rotor mode? NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . does the noise level increase YES .Bum or wear of the low clutch .Error in the engine auxiliaries 5-2 Noise when selector is moved Probable cause .Dent in the oil pan when the line pressure is .Faulty reverse clutch (N__)R) .Low clutch assembly the specified range? YES .Noise from engine auxiliaries Step Check Action 1 Does the tone change according Check the following: (Visual inspection.Bum or wear of the reverse clutch Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Cloggin up in the strainer maximized in intentional fail safe .Damage to or wear of the oil pump rev 02 .Faufty low clutch (N_>D) .Symptom Troubleshooting 3-101 M-Car: 5-1 Noise when idling Automatic Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide . to the engine speed? ATX disassembly) And.

Operation of the control valve spool rev 02 .Final gear noise .Torque converter noise .Low one-way clutch sliding noise . 2 Does the noise occur in a specific Check the following: (ATX disassembly) range other than in 3rd gear? YES .Flaw or abnormal wear of the low one- way clutch YES . does the tone change final gears according to vehicle speed? .Noise from engine auxiliary .Flaw or abnormal wear of each bearing .Damage or abnormal wear of output and Also. to the engine speed? ATX disassembly) And.Clogging up in the strainer maximised in intentional fail safe .Damage to or wear of the oil pump .C1V operation noise when shifting Step Check Action 1 Is the line pressure measured Check the following: (ATX disassembly) during the primary check within YES .Errors related to engine auxiliary 5-4 Noise when shifting Probable cause .Output gear noise .Oil pump noise .Torque converter No Go to step 2. 3-102 Symptom Troubleshooting M-Car: Automatic 5-3 Noise when vehicle is moving Transaxle Probable cause Instructor Guide .Clutch slip or error when shifting .Dent in the oil pan when the line pressure is YES .Noise from vehicle drive shaft .Noise from vehicle wheel bearing Step Check Action 1 Does the tone change according Check the following: (Visual inspection.Bearing noise .Rattle or abnormality in the vehicle drive shaft . 3 Does the noise occur in all Check the following: (ATX disassembly) ranges? .Planetary gear noise when shifting .Error in the oil pump rotor mode? . does the noise level increase .Planetary gear noise .Abnormal wear or flaws in the vehicle wheel bearing NO Check the following: (ATX disassembly) . does the tone change planetary gear according to vehicle speed? NO Go to step 3.Damage or abnormal wear of the Also.Damage to or abnormal wear of the planetary gear Check the following: (ATX disassembly) NO .Clutches related to shifting the specified range? .

Symptom Troubleshooting 3-103
M-Car:
6-1 Engine stalls
Automatic
Transaxle
Probable cause
Instructor Guide
- Incorrect ATF level adjustment - Error in control valve spool sliding
- Line pressure out of specification - Malfunction of torque converter
- Malfunction of line pressure solenoid - Faulty engine system
- Malfunction of lock-up solenoid

Step Check Action

Carry out an engine performance
check to ensure that the engine
is behaving normally. Then
proceed with the ATX check.
1 Has the service code been output According to the service code check,
during the primary check? verify the following parts:
YES - Line pressure solenoid
- Lock-up solenoid
NO Go to step 2.

2 Is the ATF level correct when YES Go to step 3.
checked during the primary NO Adjust the ATF level as specified.
check? *if the ATF is burnt or dirty, replace the
ATX.

3 Is the line pressure measured YES Go to step 4.
during the primary check within Check the following: (ATX disassembly)
the specified range? NO - Damage to or wear of the oil pump
- Operation of the control valve spool

4 Replace the torque converter.

6-2 Oil blows out from air breather.

Probable cause
- Too much ATIF

Step Check Action

1 Check and adjust the ATF level.

rev 02

3-104 Symptom Troubleshooting

M-Car:
Automatic
6-3 Starter will not rotate in “P” and/or “N”.
Transaxle
Probable cause
Instructor Guide - Improper adjustment of select - Improper positioning of inhibitor switch
linkage - Faulty ATCU
- Faulty engine system

Step Check Action
Carry out an engine performance
check to ensure that the engine is
behaving normally. Then proceed with
the ATX check.

Were any faults detected in the YES Check and adjust the select linkage.
1 select linkage during the primary
check? NO Go to step 2.
Following the inhibitor switch inspection,
YES check and adjust the positioning of the
Is the inhibitor switch positioned inhibitor switch.
2
properly?
NO Go to step 3.

Check the following: (ATX disassembly)
3 - Damage to or wear of the oil pump
- Operation of the control valve spool

rev 02

Special Tool 3-105
M-Car:
Automatic
Transaxle
Instructor Guide
Valve Lifter Attatchment Valve Lifter

Low Clutch Spring Compressor Reverse Clutch Spring Compressor

Low&Reverse Brake Spring Compressor High Clutch Spring Compressor

rev 02

3-106 Special Tools M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide Low One Way Clutch Installer Spring Pin Remover Spring Pin Installer Output Gear Holder Output Gear Locknut Remover/Installer Input Shaft Oil Seal Installer rev 02 .

Special Tools 3-107 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Differential Side Oil Seal Installer (Oil Pan Side) Differential Front Side Oil Seal Installer Instructor Guide Transaxle Remove/Install Support rev 02 .

3-108 M-Car: Automatic Transaxle Instructor Guide rev 02 .