# Lesson # 3-CUBES Strategy to Solve and Create One-Step Subtraction Word Problems

Lesson Overview: This lesson will cover how to solve one-step subtraction word problems.

The students will use the C.U.B.E.S strategy in solving these problems. Through this strategy

the students will read, analyze, identify, and solve these problems. The students will work in

cooperative groups to create their own one step subtraction word problem containing a visual

representation, number sentence, labels, and answer. They will then present their problems to

the class and explain their problem solving process.

Resources or Materials Needed

Teacher: promethean board and pen, document camera, sample word problem on construction

paper, fast fact subtraction drill sheet (See Appendix G) for each student, one step

subtraction word problem worksheet (See Appendix H), Cognitively Guided

Instruction 2nd Grade Word Problem Rubric (See Appendix I) to assess student work,

PowToon presentation for addition (See Appendix R), PowToon presentation for

subtraction (See Appendix R), Math is Fun Illustrated Dictionary: subtraction (See

Appendix T), C.U.B.E.S strategy poster (See Appendix D)

Students: math notebook, pencil, colored pencils, student worksheet, white construction paper,

black marker

Performance Objective:

1.   Given one-step subtraction word problems, students will correctly represent, write, and

solve at least 4 out of 5 word problems.

Time: Approximately 1 hour

Step 1: Pre-Instructional Activities

•   Subtraction Fast fact drill
•   Review prior lesson with the students.

•   Replay addition PowToon presentation from lesson 2 (See Appendix R)

•   Explain new learning objective.

Step 2: Content Presentation

•   The teacher will show the Powtoon presentation for subtraction (See Appendix R).

•   The teacher will then ask the students to open their notebooks.

•   The teacher will have the students write the word subtraction in their notebooks.

•   The teacher will go to the Math is Fun Illustrated Dictionary website and look up the term

subtraction (See Appendix T).

•   The students will write a sentence to represent subtraction, draw a picture, write a non-

example, and write a list of words that belong with the subtraction operation.

•   The teacher will show a one step subtraction word problem on the promethean board

•   The teacher will read the whole problem to the students.

•   The teacher will then dissect each sentence one at a time

•   The teacher will ask: What are they doing?

•   The teacher will then write the correct response on the board.

•   The teacher will review the acronym C.U.B.E.S to the students

•   Using C.U.B.E.S strategy, the teacher will walk through how to locate and highlight

important information by circling important information, underlining clue words, box the

question, and eliminate the unnecessary information.

•   Tell the students that when I solve word problems I read the whole problem and try to

visualize the story in my mind just like a movie.
•   The teacher will then read the problem again all the way through while students close

their eyes and try to visualize the story.

•   The teacher will then draw a visual representation and label everything

•   The teacher will reread the problem

•   Ask the students which clue words or phrases that we underlined tells us what operation

we will use to solve this problem?

•   Write the subtraction number sentence

•   Solve the equation

•   Answer the question using the appropriate label

•   Show students how to check work using the inverse operation.

•   The teacher will show a created one step subtraction word problem on a large piece of

construction paper that has a visual representation, labels, number sentence, answer and

•   The teacher will explain the directions for the student task

Step 3: Learner Participation

•   The students will work in groups design a one step subtraction word problem.

•   Each group will use a large piece of construction paper to write a one step subtraction

word problem, draw a visual representation of the problem, label the parts, write a

number sentence, solve, and show how they checked their work

•   The teacher will monitor student understanding in groups

•   The teacher will then call one group at a time to come in front of the class and explain the

process of creating and solving their word problem

Step 4: Assessment
Each student will be given a worksheet with 5 one step subtraction problems (See Appendix H).

Students should show an understanding of this concept by correctly solving at least 4 out of 5 of

the given problems.

Step 5: Follow-Through Activities

A center will be created that has manipulatives that the students can use to solve one step

subtraction problems. The students will then draw the visual representation that they created

with their manipulatives in their centers notebook.

Assessment and Evaluation Method

The students will be assessed through observation and a formative assessment containing five

subtraction one step word problems (See Appendix H). Students will show understanding of this

concept if they correctly answer 4 out of 5 problems. They will be assessed using the

Cognitively Guided Instruction 2nd Grade Word Problem Rubric (2nd Grade Word Problems,

2016) (See Appendix I). They will also be assessed through observation during their group work

and presentations of their group created word problem.