CSIR-CBRI TIPS FOR

GOOD CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES
IN BUILDINGS

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CSIR- Central Building Research Institute
Roorkee - 247667, India

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
Ø Use burnt solid clay bricks, solid Ø Use mortar in the ratio of 1:3:0.5
concrete blocks, hollow clay tiles or (cement: sand: water) for 115 mm thick
hollow concrete blocks. masonry walls and 1:6:0.5 (cement:
Masonry Ø Masonry units should be watered for sand: water) for 230 mm thick masonry
about 4 hours before laying. Motar walls.
Units
Ø Masonry units should have a minimum Ø Adequate quantity of water should be
of 35 kg/cm2 compressive strength, added such that sufficient workability in
(For details refer IS 3495:1992) (For details refer IS 2250:1981)
uniform shape, size and a minimum of m o r ta r i s a c h i eve d d u r i n g i t s
20% water absorption. application.

Ø Use hard, clean and crushed aggregates Ø Use minimum M20 (1:1.5:3) grade of
that should be free from any kind of concrete in foundation, plinth beam,
material that could result in Concrete bond beams, tie columns and slab.
Aggregates deterioration of concrete. Ø Use super-plasticizer in concrete mix to
Ø Use 20 mm down aggregate in footing, achieve adequate workability.
plinth beam, bond beam, tie column (For details refer IS 1199:1959)
(For details refer IS 383:1970)
and slab.
Ø Do not use cement which is more than 3 Ø Use Fe 415 or higher grade of steel as
months old. reinforcement.
Ø Store cement in a dry and moisture Reinforcement Ø Do not use corroded, old or bent bars.
proof building or shelter and it should Bars Ø Store reinforcement bars on a platform
Cement be covered with plastic sheets to avoid to prevent corrosion.
hardening. Ø Apply cement slurry over rebar to
(For details refer IS 1786:2008)
Ø Stack cement on a platform, 150- protect from corrosion
(For details refer IS 1489:1991) 200mm above the floor level.
Ø Do not open the cement bags until
required for usage.

Ø Use river sand for construction. Do not Ø Use potable water for mixing and
use sea/beach sand as it may contains curing, which should be free from
salts which could result in corrosion of Water organic matter, oils, acids, salts or any
Sand steel. other substance that could result in
Ø Use well graded sand and it should be deterioration of concrete or steel.
(For details refer IS 3025:1987)
free from mud or any kind of dirt, silt or
(For details refer IS 2116:1980)
organic matter.

ON-SITE MATERIAL QUALITY TESTS
BRICKS
Ø Take 6 random samples of bricks and calculate its average dry weight. Immerse bricks in water for 24 hrs, then again calculate their average
weight. The difference in final average weight and initial average weight indicates the amount of water absorbed by the bricks. It should not
exceed 20% of average weight of dry bricks.
Ø Closely observe bricks for uniformity of their shapes, size and colour. Bricks should be rectangular in shape with sharp edges.
Ø Put a scratch on the brick surface with finger nail. For brick to be hard enough, no impression or mark should be visible on the surface.
Ø Gently struck two bricks with each other. A good quality brick will not break and will generate a metallic sound.
Ø Break a brick and examine its structure. It should be homogeneous, compact and free from holes and lumps..
Ø Conduct compressive strength tests on randomly selected brick samples. (Refer IS 3495: (Part 1) – 1992)

CEMENT
Ø Open the bags to check the presence of lumps. Presence of lumps is the indication that setting has started, and thus that cement shall not be
suitable.
Ø Take a pinch of cement and rub it between fingers. It should give a smooth texture, otherwise if it is rough, it indicates that the cement is
adulterated with sand.
Ø Smell a pinch of cement. If it gives an earthy smell, it indicates that cement is adulterated with clay and silt.
Ø Put a small quantity of cement in a bucket of water. Cement should sink and must not float on water.
Ø Cement should be uniform in colour. Colour of cement is grey with a light greenish shade.

SAND
Ø Take a transparent glass, half filled with water. Add sand, 1/4th volume of glass in water and shake vigorously. After a minute, a distinct layer of
settled silt and sand will be noticed. Measure its depth and calculate percent of silt content, which should be limited to 5%.
Ø Rub a pinch of sand between the fingers. If fingers get stained, it indicates that the sand is adulterated with the earthy matter.
Ø Add solution of caustic soda in sand to detect the presence of organic impurities. If the colour of solution changes into brown, it indicates the
presence of organic impurities.

REINFORCEMENT
Ø The bend test should be carried out with bending devices as specified in IS 1599: 1985. Absence of cracks in rebar shall be considered as the
evidence that the test piece withstood the bend test.
Ø The tensile strength test and elongation of steel should be carried out with reference to IS 1608: 2005. Tensile strength obtained from the test
should be equal to the strength specified by the manufacturer.
Ø The pull-out test should be carried out to determine the bond stress in rebar. The rebar specimen should be placed in testing machine such that
the bar is pulled axially from the cube. The test procedure should be followed and bond stress should be calculated in accordance with IS 2770
(Part 1): 1967.

Ø The mortar used in masonry should not contain excessive water. (For details refer IS 456: 2000. Ø Maximum 1. IS 3085: 1965) . IS 516: 1959) MASONRY Ø Provide 10 mm thick mortar in joints of masonry courses. Ø Masonry walls should be cured for 7 days. either by ponding or by covering with wet hessian cloth for a minimum of 7 days. Ø Fist prepare dry mix of mortar (cement and sand) in adequate quantity and add water in appropriate quantity when required.2 m high brickwork should be carried out in one day. CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES CONCRETE Ø Mix cement. Ø During casting. Ø Mix cement and sand properly so that it gives uniform color and workable consistency. coarse aggregate. Ø Fill gap between masonry and beam soffits just before plaster. water and super plasticizer as per the mix design. IS 1199: 1959. Ø The joints and edges should be properly formed and excessive mortar from the joints should be neatly removed by a trowel. IS 3012: 1971) MORTAR Ø Mortar should be prepared using measuring boxes and the mixing of mortar should be done in mortar pan in designed proportions. sand. so that wet mortar mix can be utilized within 30 –45 minutes. IS 10262: 2009. IS 2386: 1963. Otherwise provide pilaster (brick column) to fulfill this requirement. Ø Restrict length/thickness ratio of wall to 20. Ø Provide 8 mm reinforcement bar in 115 mm masonry walls after every fourth course. concrete should be properly mixed and compacted by mechanical means. IS 6042: 1969. Ø Concrete mix should be consumed within 30 minutes after preparation. (For details refer IS 3495: 1992. Ø Exposed surfaces of casted concrete should be properly cured. (For details refer 2250: 1981 IS. 1077: 1992. IS 2212: 1991.

REINFORCEMENT DETAILING 135° Hook STIRRUPS 6d(>65mm) long Ø The reinforcement detailing of stirrups should be provided as shown in the figure. Ø Ensure that stirrups are properly tied with binding wires. Longitudinal Ø Lap splices should not be provided within a joint. Stirrup BEAM Ø The reinforcement detailing in beams should be provided as shown in the figure. Not more than 50% cross-sectional area of bars shall be lapped at a section. Hook in Lateral Ties . Bars (dia=d) Lap length should not be less than the development length. Ø Provide cross-ties if parallel legs of lateral ties are spaced at a distance of more than 300 mm c/c. Not more than 50% of the cross-sectional area of bars should be spliced at any section. Ø Place longitudinal bars carefully with adequate concrete cover of 40 mm. d = Diameter of ties Ø The detailing of reinforcement in beam-column joints at end span shall be as shown in the figure. Stirrup Detailing L RC Column No Lap Region Stirrup Stirrup Stirrup Spacing Spacing Spacing < D/2 < 150 mm < D/2 times the bar Approx 60 D diameter Lateral Ties Longitudinal 2D 2D Bar Lap(50d) at L/3 No Lap Region 135° hook Stirrup Spacing to L/4 RC Beam Stirrup Spacing Cross-tie 6d(>65mm) long minimum of D/4. 8xdiameterof 8xdiameter of longitudinal bar longitudinal bar or 100 mm or 100 mm Reinforcement Detailing in RC Beam COLUMN Ø The reinforcement detailing in columns shall be provided as shown in the figure. minimum of D/4. The laps may be provided in L/3 to L/4 region of beam. Ø Place longitudinal bars carefully with adequate concrete cover of 25 mm. Cross Tie and 135⁰ Ø Mechanical splicing shall be adopted for bars of diameter larger than 32 mm. RC Column Ø The laps in longitudinal reinforcement of column shall be spliced in mid-half length and confined with ties at 150 mm spacing.

REINFORCEMENT DETAILING D Approx 60 times the bar diameter Top Reinforcement the bar diameter Approx 60 times RC Beam Spacing of ties not more h/6 than D/4. 6 xdiameter of Bottom longitudinal bar or 100 mm Bend Column Reinforcement Reinforcement into Beam Longitudinal Reinforcement RC Column At Roof Floor End Span Reinforcement Detailing in RC Column At Beam-Column Joint . 6 xdiameter of longitudinal bar or 100 mm Bottom Reinforcement h/4 RC Column Longitudinal Reinforcement Spacing of ties not more than D/2 Kink by 1 in 6 (max) At Intermediate Floor End Span Lapping of longitudinal h bars in middle Spacing of ties in lap length half of column shall be smaller of D/2 & not more or 150mm Top than 50% of Reinforcement bars shall be the bar diameter Approx 60 times spliced at a section Spacing of ties not more than D/2 RC Beam h/4 Spacing of ties not more h/6 than D/4.

slab thickness shall be calculated as shorter spam/28 or 100 mm. One.3 L1 Edge Beam RC Slab No negative reinforcement Intermediate Beam 0.1 L1 Bottom Shorter Direction (L1 ) Distribution 0. Ø Generally.3 L3 0. Ø Minimum slab thickness shall be 100mm. REINFORCEMENT DETAILING SLAB Ø The reinforcement detailing in slabs shall be provided as shown in the figure below.3 L1 0.3 L3 L3 Edge Intermediate Bottom Beam Beam Distribution Bottom Bar Main Bars L4 Longer Direction (L2) L4 L2 Top negative (L2 >2L1) reinforcement over support PLAN SECTION B-B . Ø The minimum cover to reinforcement shall be not less than 15 mm.1 L1 Intermediate Bottom Bottom Edge Bars Beam Beam Distribution Main Bar Bars L3 L1 SECTION A-A 0.Way Slab (When ratio of longer span to shorter span of slab is greater than 2) Top negative Top negative Top negative reinforcement reinforcement reinforcement over support RC Slab over support Bottom over support Edge Beam Main Bars 0. nor less than the diameter of bar. whichever is higher. Ø Cranks in slabs are not permitted due to poor performance in seismic shaking.

1 L1 over support Bottom 0.3 L2 0.1 L1 Distribution Bars Shorter Direction (L1 ) Top negative Edge Beam reinforcement Intermediate Beam Bottom over support Bottom Main Bar Distribution 0.3L2 0. REINFORCEMENT DETAILING Two .3 L3 Edge L3 Intermediate Bottom Beam Beam Bottom Distribution Bar Main Bars L4 L2 SECTION D-D L4 Longer Direction (L2) Rebar Top (L2 < 2L1 ) Chair Reinforcement PLAN Distribution Reinforcement Top Reinforcement Approx RC Slab t t-70mm 60 times Minimum the bar L/7 75 mm 100mm diameter L/3 RC Cantilever RC Beam Slab 10 mm f bar Bottom L Reinforcement Cantilever Slab from Beam Rebar Chair in Slab Reinforcement .3L 4 0.3 L4 0.1 L2 Over Support Intermediate Edge Beam Beam 0.3 L1 Top negative reinforcement reinforcement Distribution Bars at Top Top Negative over support over support RC Slab (Minimum 2 bars) Reinforcement 0.Way Slab (When ratio of longer span to shorter span of slab is less than 2) Bottom Distribution Bars at Top Edge Beam Main Bars (Minimum 2 bars) Top negative RC Slab reinforcement 0.3L1 0.3L 3 0.1 L2 L3 Bars L1 SECTION C-C Top negative 0.

Wall Opening Proportion Ø Restrict upto 40% of wall surface for openings. Symmetrical Walls Ø Provide more-or-less symmetrical walls in both the directions of the plan. away from corners. Shape buildings. Y etc. Vertical Continuity Ø Walls should be continuous in elevation upto Foundation Plan Dimensions Ø Length to width ratio of the plan should be less than 4. Ø Openings shall be preferably be in mid span. U. give separation gap to form regular shape. Ø If unavoidable. Masonry Bond Ø Flemish bond is preferred as compared to english or any other bond. Ø Avoid L. PLANNING ASPECTS Good Practice Bad Practice Building Shape Ø Shape should be regular. .

Tie Column Opening Sill Band Plinth Beam Footing Typical Confined Masonry Building . Spandrel Masonry if constructed Bond Beam properly Sill Lvl. WHY CONFINED MASONRY Can be built using locally available construction materials Does not Economical as require any Why compared to special Confined reinforced concrete frame construction Roof Lvl. Wall Pier Masonry Plinth Lvl. skills Masonry buildings Slab Lintel Lvl. Excellent seismic performance.

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. PCC Excavate upto adequate foundation depth/width along the walls of the building and lay 100 mm thick PCC as levelling course. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) 1 Ground Lvl. .

Footing PCC Cast footing beneath the walls and erect tie-columns reinforcement as per layout. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 2 Ground Lvl. Limit maximum spacing of tie-column to 4. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective.2 m. . Provide reinforcement cage for tie- columns above the roof level. Provide tie-columns at every corner of room and wall intersection.

25mm 8f Connectors or Dowels < 400mm 400mm This will ensure better bond between RC Tie-column and masonry. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. . Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Masonry Foundation Reinforcement Wall for Tie-Column 3 Plinth Lvl. Footing PCC Construct plinth masonry wall upto the plinth level leaving apart the column spaces with 25 mm groove at wall ends. Ground Lvl. Alternatively. follow arrangement as given below.

Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 4 Masonry Foundation Wall Plinth Lvl.2 m wall height. Ground Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. . PCC Footing Formwork Upon constructing maximum 1. provide formwork for tie- columns upto the plinth level.

Ground Lvl. Additional Reinforcement around opening Plinth Beam Footing PCC Cast tie-columns from foundation level upto the plinth level along with the plinth beam. . Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement 5 for Tie-Column Masonry Foundation Wall Plinth Lvl. upto plinth level. carry out earth fill with maximum 15% moisture content in a layer of 300mm adequately compacted. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective.

as shown in figure shall be provided around such openings. as per architectural layout. Additional reinforcement detail. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. leaving openings for doors. Plinth Masonry Additional Reinforcement around Opening Construct sill masonry wall above plinth level. Ground Lvl. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 6 Sill Masonry Wall Sill Lvl. . Plinth Beam Plinth Lvl.

Plinth Lvl. . Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for 7 Masonry Wall Tie-Column Sill Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Plinth Beam Plinth Masonry Additional Reinforcement Formwork around Opening Prepare formwork for tie-columns upto the sill level. Ground Lvl. as shown.

as shown. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 8 Masonry Wall Tie-Column Sill Lvl. if any. Provide vertical notch in green concrete of tie- column. Also cast bond beam at sill level. Ground Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Sill Band Plinth Additional Masonry Reinforcement around Opening Cast tie-columns from plinth level upto the sill level. . Plinth Lvl.

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective.2 m Sill Lvl. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Sill Band Plinth Masonry Additional Reinforcement around Opening Construct wall-pier masonry above the sill level upto 1. . Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 9 Masonry Wall Tie.2 m. Ground Lvl.Column 1. Plinth Lvl.

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Reinforcement for Tie-Column 10 Masonry Wall Formwork 1. . Ground Lvl. Do not forget to provide notch in tie-column concrete in green state. Plinth Lvl.2 m Sill Lvl. Sill Masonry Plinth Beam Sill Band Plinth Masonry Additional Reinforcement around Opening Provide formwork for tie-column above sill level and cast the concrete.

Ground Lvl. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Plinth Sill Band Masonry Further construct masonry walls upto the lintel level. Sill Lvl. . Plinth Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Additional Reinforcement Reinforcement for around Opening 11 Tie-Column Masonry Wall Tie-Column Lintel Lvl.

Plinth Lvl. Ground Lvl. Cast concrete in tie- column. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Additional Reinforcement Reinforcement for around Opening Tie-Column 12 Masonry Wall Formwork Lintel Lvl. . Sill Lvl. Sill Masonry Plinth Beam Plinth Sill Band Masonry Provide formwork for tie-columns upto the lintel level.

Sill Masonry Plinth Beam Plinth Masonry Sill Band Cast bond-beam on walls at one level. Tie-Column Sill Lvl. Ground Lvl. Ensure the reinforcement of bond beam passes through tie- column reinforcement. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Bond Beam Additional Reinforcement for Reinforcement Tie-Column around Opening 13 Masonry Wall Lintel Lvl. . CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Provide additional reinforcement in bond-beam over openings. Plinth Lvl.

Tie-Column Lintel Lvl. Ground Lvl. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Bond Beam Reinforcement for 14 Spandrel Masonry Tie-Column Roof Lvl. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Sill Band Plinth Masonry Confinement around Opening Construct spandrel masonry walls upto the slab level. Sill Lvl. . Plinth Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective.

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Sill Lvl. . Sill Masonry Plinth Beam Plinth Sill Band Masonry Confinement around Opening Provide formwork for tie-columns between bond-beam to slab level and cast concrete in tie-column. Lintel Lvl. Plinth Lvl. if tie-columns are to be terminated . Ground Lvl. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Bond Beam 15 Spandrel Masonry Formwork Roof Lvl. Bend the tie-column longitudinal reinforcement into slab.

Sill Lvl. Bend the longitudinal reinforcement of tie-columns into the roof slab. Tie-Column Lintel Lvl. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Bond Beam Reinforcement for 16 Spandrel Tie-Column Masonry Roof Lvl. Ground Lvl. . Plinth Lvl. Sill Masonry Plinth Beam Sill Band Plinth Masonry Confinement around Opening Also cast confinement around openings upto the slab level. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective.

Note due to RC slab resting over spandrel masonry. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Sill Band Plinth Masonry Confinement around Opening Cast RC slab as roof or floor. Plinth Lvl. Bond Beam Lintel Lvl. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Spandrel Slab 17 Masonry Roof Lvl. no bond beam is required. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Tie-Column Sill Lvl. .

hence to embrace gable end and spandrel masonry. bond beam at roof level is to be provided. Tie-Column Lintel Lvl. there will not be RC slab. Seismic Resistant Confined Masonry Building) Heaped Roof 18 Spandrel Masonry Bond Beam Roof Lvl. Plinth Lvl. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY (Cost Effective. Sill Lvl. Plinth Beam Sill Masonry Plinth Sill Band Masonry Confinement around Opening In case of pitched/heaped roof. Ground Lvl. .

Joints thickness (not more than 12 mm). Reinforcement/Dowels in place. . Vertical profile and flatness of wall. Unwanted particles are removed.2 m. Joints even and racked. Door/window openings as per drawing. Distribution of masonry courses as per the height to be achieved for next level. Mortar mix as specified (1:3 for 115 mm thick walls and 1:6 for 230 mm thick walls). Masonry date marked after end of day’s work (for 7 days curing). Block work done in layers not exceeding 1. QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS MASONRY WORK Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Curing of masonry units. Lintel beams provided as per drawing. as per the specification (8 mm th reinforcement bar after every 4 course).

QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS PLASTER Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Double Scaffolding for plastering wall Wetting masonry surface before plastering Mortar mix as specified (1:3 for 115 mm thick walls and 1:6 for 230 mm thick walls) All holes and gaps are properly filled Under Coat : Plaster to be finished to a true and plumb surface and the surface shall be left rough and furrowed 2 mm deep Finishing Coat : Check final finish & grooves as per drawing Finished plaster has even surface and proper degree of smoothness Check work visually after completion for groove lines. . joints. The plaster to be kept wet for a period of 7 days Cleanliness and unwanted particles cleared away. and sharpness of corners Mark the date after completion to have control over curing.

Anchor rods are placed to hold pipes in position. foreign material or any deposits of contaminants are removed. QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS ROOFING WORK Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Unwanted particles. Concrete is filled in the gap between hole and pipe. Required slope maintained. rounded and top structure of khurras as is lower than level of adjoining roof surface. The exposed surface of the gola is plastered with cement mortar or water proofing treatment as specified in contract. The sides of khurras and sides of outlet are rendered. Conformity of thermal insulation and water proofing materials to relevant IS codes and contract specifications. Diameter of rainwater pipe is more than 80 mm. . The finished surface is cured at least for 7 days. dust.

Proper finishing around drains. quality etc. cracks.3 kg of cement /sqm. Layout/ alignment is proper with levels marked for proper slope. . grey cement slurry of honey like consistency is spread at the rate of 3. of tile/marble as per the specifications. variation of individual dimension from average value of length/breadth not to exceed ± 0. QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS FLOORING Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Type. In tiling work. Tiles bedded & pointed in grout.4 mm. Free from damage. Regular & continuous joints with neat appearance.5 mm and tolerance in thickness ± 0. Prepared surface is clean and free from loose materials. Adhesive/ cement mix is proper Bedding layer of average thickness 20 mm provided with minimum thickness at any place not less than 12 mm. colour. size. chips & bubbles. scratches. Machine is used or cutting marble/ tiles for uniformity and edges are even and at right angle. In tiling work. switches & fittings is done.

QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS WATER PROOFING Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Existing surface is free from foreign particles. .50mm. dust. Check the result of hydro test and ensure that the record of hydro test are being maintained in proper format. The time gap between two subsequent coat be between 2-4 hrs. after 48 hrs. organic matter etc. if all the pipe periphery are sealed with mortar. First coat of tapecrete slurry (1 P-151 :2 cement) as per manufacturer’s specification. Third coat of tapecrete slurry (1 P-151 :2 cement) as per manufacturer’s specification. Sprinkling of water to make the surface saturated wet. 12mm thick 1:4 protection plaster is done. Check. Thickness of all the three coats becomes 0. Finally. Ensure that the filling in sunken portion is carried out very carefully.. Second coat of tapecrete slurry (1 P-151 :2 cement) as per manufacturer’s specification. as per manufacturer’s specification. Additional coat of tapecrete paste (1 P-151:2 cement:5 Silica sand) at corner junction.

2nd coat / Mid coat. Pieces of old gunny bags tied on the top of ladders (if used) & legs of scaffolding. . Surface to be painted is even and free from any kind of dirt. st 1 coat / Sealer coat. brand and company. but clear of all the walls. At a time. only required and sufficient quantity of paint is prepared. proper stage scaffolding is provided. QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS PAINTING WORK Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Scaffolding (if necessary) to be on double supports. For painting of ceiling. Paint is of approved colour. After the final coat. the surface presents a uniform appearance and desired finish. The number of coats applied meet the specifications. 3rd coat / Finish coat.

Timber is always sawn in the direction of the grains. Moisture content of timber is within specified limits. QUALITY ASSURANCE CHECKS WOOD WORK Satisfactory/ Description Remarks Unsatisfactory Panels are of approved quality. Rebates. rounding or moulding is done before the members are jointed into frames . Wood preservative paint is applied wherever woodwork is in contact with the brick masonry or concrete. Test for moisture content on each lot is carried out. thickness and type. All wood work carried out as per the dimensions given in the drawings. Flush door shutters from approved vendors and of correct dimensions.

Authored by: For details contact: Dr. India COPYRIGHT © 2017 CSIR-Central Building Research Institute. It may be reproduced without changing its contents and with due acknowledgement.res.res.in Roorkee .CBRI. 272543 Mr.in CSIR.Central Building Research Institute Roorkee . Shubham Singhal CSIR. Jalaj Parashar E-mail : director@cbri.res. Ajay Chourasia Director Mr.247667 Technical Support: Ph.in. Sugam Kumar Fax : +91-1332-272272. . Roorkee This release is a property of CSIR.247667. Roorkee. : +91-1332-272243 Mr.Central Building Research Institute Website : http://www.cbri. Suggestions/ comments for further improvements may be sent to: ajayc@cbri.