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Criminal Law 1 Syllabus
SAN BEDA COLLEGE OF LAW
Mendiola, Manila

Prescribed textbook/s:
1. Revised Penal Code Book I by Luis B. Reyes and/or
2. Commentaries on Criminal Law Book I by Atty. Maximo P. Amurao Jr.

NB: Closed book policy shall be observed during class. Only handwritten notes will be allowed.
I. General Principles of Criminal Law Corpuz v. People, G.R. No. 180016, 29 April
A. Nature and definition 2014
Ient v. Tullett Prebon, G.R. No. 189158, 11 5. Non-imprisonment for debt or non-payment
January 2017 of poll tax ( Art. 3, Sec. 19, 1987 Constitution)
6. Bill of attainder (Art. 3, Sec. 22, 1987
B. Characteristics of Criminal Law Constitution)
1. General (Art. 2, RPC) People v. Ferrer, L-32613-14, 27 December
Minucher v. Scalzo, G.R. No. 142396, 11 1972, 48 SCRA 382
February 2003 7. Ex-post facto laws (Art. 3, Sec. 22, 1987
Liang v. People, G.R. No. 125865, 28 January Constitution)
2000 US v. Diaz Conde, L-18208, 14 February 1922
2. Territorial (Art.2, RPC)
People v. Tulin, G.R. No. 111709, 30 August E. Construction and interpretation
2001, 364 SCRA 10 1. Liberally in favour of the accused
3. Prospective (Article 21 and 22, RPC) 2. Spanish text of the RPC prevails over the
a. Effects of repeal English text
People v. Abilong, L-1960, 26 November 1948.
C. Sources of Criminal Law 3. Retroactive application when favourable to
1. Revised Penal Code the accused
2. Special Penal Laws 4. Prescribed but undeserved penalties (Art. 5,
RPC)
D. Constitutional Limitations on Criminal Law People v. Formigones, L-3246, 29 November
1. Due process and Equal protection (Art. 3, 1950
Sec. 1, 1987 Constitution) 5. Suppletory application of RPC to Special
White Light Corp. v. City of Manila, G.R. No. Penal Laws (Art. 10, RPC)
122846, 20 January 2009 Ladonga v. People, G.R. No. 141066, 17
Garcia v. Drilon, G.R. No. 179267, 25 June February 2005
2013 People v. Simon, G.R. No. 93028, 29 July 1994
2. Freedom of expression (Art. 3, Sec. 4, 1987
Constitution) II. General Principles of Criminal Liability
Guingguing v. People, G.R. No. 128959, 30 A. Felony, defined (Art. 3, RPC)
September 2005.
3. Freedom of religion (Art. 3, Sec. 5, 1987 B. Elements of criminal liability
Constitution) 1. Physical element (Actus reus)
Estrada v. Escritor, AM No. P-02-1651, 22 June a. Act
2006, 492 SCRA 1 b. Omission
4. No excessive fines, nor cruel, degrading or People v. Sylvestre and Atienza, G.R. No.
inhuman punishment. (Art. 3, Sec. 19, 1987 35748, 14 December 1931, 56 Phil. 353
Constitution) People v. Talingdan, L-32126, 6 July 1978, 84
People v. Echagaray, G.R. No. 117472, 7 SCRA 19
February 1997, 267 SCRA 682 2. Mental element (Mens rea)
a. Deliberate intent (Dolo)

No. 19 March 1910. L-36461. 7 January 1988 184 SCRA 105 People v. No. par. 130 Bataclan v. L-74324. 23 February Rivera v. 150 People v. Transferred intent (Art. 123485. 26 June 1992. People v.R. 885 4. Homicide. Pugay.R. 13 April August 1998.R. 433 i. 74 Phil. 26 November 1990. G. 3086.R. Orita. Medina.R. G. Sy Pio. 29 Intod v. 488 B. 30 April 1954. Rape Urbano v. 167 SCRA 439 61 Phil. Intent distinguished from motive felonies b. G.R. People. General and specific intent Phil. No. 715 Phil. 3 August 1935. Campuhan. 22 October 1957. Baleros v. G. 88724. L-1477. 59 Phil. G. 483 SCRA 10 Garcia v. People v. 158 SCRA 127 2006. 166326. Iligan. Stages of execution in relation to specific v.R.R. No. People. G.R. G. G. People. 18 c. 94 3. G. CA. No.R. Consummated crimes iv. Error in personae January 1989. L-5848. 4. 181 People v. 30 C. Resulting harm 4. 47722. No. SCRA 151 102 Phil. 75369. AC No. 17 November 1988. 165842. No. L-10126. 160188. 18 January 1950. Arson . 5272. Eduave. 215 SCRA 52 i. 15 Phil. 12155.Manuel v. 480 SCRA 188 Magno v. 807 People v. CA.R. No. No. No.R. People. Lamahang. Theft i. Elements Valenzuela v. People v. Illegal Trespass People v.R. 9 ii. 13 July 1993. G. Imprudence or lack of skill 2007 iii. Kalalo. 39303-05. 209 Padilla v. 294 SCRA 751 2007. 26 April People v. Ah Chong. People vs. Robbery 5. 219 SCRA 85 2009. No. 172716. 86163. G. 21 October November 2005 1992. Stages of execution iii. 17 3. Impossible Crimes (Art. 72964. Malum prohibitum as exception to the US v.R. No. 703 Ivler v. 157171.R. L-3634. 29 June 1984. Elements of dolo People v. San Pedro. 169 SCRA 51 People v. 38773. No. Saladino. G. G. 33463. and Murder November 2010. 14 March 2006. Mistake of fact A.R. Par. 484 SCRA 617 D.R. L-17666. 307. Constructive intent (Culpa) Art. 3 April 1990. G.R. People v. No. CA.R. No. 30 June 1966. 96132. Negligence or lack of foresight 2. 3 and 365 1. 1990 5. Frustrated Stage People v. No. No. Dio. G. 1) December 1930. No. G. People v. Guillen. G. Trinidad. Causation People v.R. L-43530. 28 January 2003 III. 22 210 SCRA 475 February 2006.R. 168827. G. Attempted Stage US v. 103119.R. 4. 79123-25. Dizon. No. 36 Phil. 2) March 2000 6. G. G. No. No. G. iii. 257 C. 17 March People v.R. Concurrence Phil. 142773. 2 February requirement of mens rea 1917. People. G. Delim. 85 1934. G. 138033. 129433. 162540. 31 Martinez v. 97471. 17 February Jacinto v. 27 July 1943. 19 17 SCRA 476 December 1933. 25 January 1988. Albuquerque. CA. Aberratio ictus People v. Salvilla. 21 June ii. G. Praeter intentionem Mondragon v. Puno. People. Physical Injuries.R.R. 55 Phil. G. Borinaga. Oanis. 30 May 1951. No. 59 Phil. No. 89 ii. Intermediate Appellate Court. No. No. Sabalones.

Circumstances that affect criminal People v. G. 526 SCRA 215 46 Phil. People v. G. L-30527-28. Ricohermoso. Conspiracy and proposal.R. L-33466-67. 2 March People v. Exempting Circumstances E. 216021. Conspiracy and proposals to commit a felony 1. 1 (March Santos and J.R. Nos. Rafanan.R. No.R. 1352.US v. 151085. 150 Pomoy v. Avoidance of greater evil People v.R. G. G. 29 March 4. 16 August greater injury 2006. G. G. 305 SCRA 740 .R. L-37673. 2 September 2004. L-5418. 12 February 1910. 153875. Aguilos. Narvaez. L-4445. 124058. People v. 499 SCRA 64 US v. People v. Decena. Accident People v. No. 168818. Dagani. 499 SCRA 64 September 1939. No. No. No. People v.R. 21 February See also: Maria Diory F. G. 76 Phil. G. 10 December 1918. L-45130. Jaurigue.R. Valdes.R. No. Bonoan. G. 172695. No. 87 2003 People v.R. People. Dungo. Madarang. 8) People v. No. L-1940-42. 439 SCRA 439 February 2007 4. 128359. G. 149152. 31 July 1991. Irresistible force or uncontrollable fear of a People v. 341 SCRA 493. Fulfillment of duty People v. Lagata. Caballeros. 580 Palaganas v. 4 Phil. G. 10 People v. 12 May A. No. G. 332 SCRA 99 1. 17 Senoja v. 147674-75. 566 SCRA 311 Tabuena v. G. No. Tañedo. when punished? Phil. Mantalaba. Dela Cruz. 255 2.R. 4 August 2016 1994. 350 People v. Castillo. No. L-18660.R. Doqueña. G. 107874. 127755.R. 204 SCRA 65 People v. Defense of self. 199 SCRA 860 IV. 20 April 1983. No. 384. People v.R.R. Court of Appeals. Genosa. 130 96 Phil. 22 December 1922. Loreno. G.R. Norma Hernandez. Insanity (Art. People. G. G. B. 58 1. 132319. Justifying circumstances 2000. 20 July People v. L-54135.) 2012) Sabang v. G. Del Rosario. No. G. 55 OG 8465 Phil. G. and strangers People v. People. Rabajante. 9 March 2. 419 SCRA People v. December 2003 83 Phil. 347 SCRA 100 RA 9262 (Re: Battered Woman Syndrome) People v. 16 August People v. No. No. No. 196 3. People v. Opuran. 235 SCRA 67 People v. 1974. People. G. 20 August September 2006. No. No. 150647. Beronilla. CA-G.R. 14 03. 24 March 1949. 501 SCRA 533 2008 2. 160341. 186227. 12 Ortega v. relatives. 27 June 64 Phil. 29 March 2011. Abad Insanity Defense. 49 San Beda L. 2007. No. 153875. Verdadero v. 138453. 174 Privilege of Being Insane: An Examination of. 89420. 46539. No.R. 9 July 1984. G. Delima.R. G. L-14128.R. People. US v. 518 SCRA 35 RA 9344 as amended by RA 10630. 382 SCRA 581 11 July 2006. 29 May Manaban v. Robios. Obedience to a lawful order of a superior 1905. 19 October March 2004. Sandiganbayan. 29 Mamangun v. 103501.R.R.R. 6 537 December 2000. No. People. Gutierrez. 21 November liability 1991. 28 February 1955. 56 SCRA 431 3. Retubado. Taneo. G.R.R. L-54414. G. and a Saner Alternative to the Insane Rule on 121 SCRA 389 (see also dissents of J. No. 2002. Dagani. 15 22553-R. 738 People v. 17 February 1937. 27 2006. The 1946. People. People v.R. 29 June People v. 68 Phil. No. 17 February 1997. 31 March 1933. Jr. No. 14 April 1959. No. 268 SCRA 332 April 1999. 165483.J. As a manner of incurring criminal liability. 150723. 121828. 425 SCRA 654 2004. Minority 2007.

Nos. and dwelling.R. People v.R. 7094. No. iii. 153287.R. 76338-89. Lua Chu.R. age. Analogous circumstances G. G. People.R. Ulep. Ural. 231 SCRA 728 SCRA 138 3. 6 (3) physical defect which restricts the offender’s b. 23 September People v. 530 (see also: separate US v. 23 October 1982. 63 Phil. Magdueño. Capalac. Nos. No. 359 SCRA 352 130 SCRA 614 ii. 132547. L-24002. 29 March opinion of J. Pardon (Art. Dela Cruz. No. No.R. 125299. 4971. 14 and 62 of the RPC. G. 21 June People v. Deafness. 20 January February 1990. Hicks. 29 December 2. Amaguin. Art. No. No. L-33466-67. Instigation People v. Diaz. 22 January January 1994. 229 SCRA 166 1999. or other a. G. L-35123-24. 63 Phil. 140937. Art.5. 301 SCRA 668 People v. Gelaver. G. Privileged Art. G.R. Bandian. No. Benito. No. L-32040. 429 People v. 54344-45. defense. 182750. Vindication of a wrong People v. No. Ordinary 117 SCRA 874 i. 223 SCRA 310 1. 13 (1) and Art. blindness. 22 Phil. 25 July 1984. Apduhan. 384. 874 3. G.R. Art. 20 September d. Taking advantage of public office January 2009. No. People. 13 February 1975. 28 February 1964 People v. 344) 1936. Jaurigue. People. viii. Intestate Estate of Manolita Gonzales v. G.R. 30 1909. 25 October 1977. Disregard of rank. No.R. 174 a. 56 Phil. G.R. or communication c. Narvaez. Gapasin. 2001. 34917. 217 September 1936. Art. 20 means of action. Arizobal. 14 Phil. G. Insult to public authority People v. 45186. Classes of Mitigating Circumstances E.R. No. 26 Urbano v. 348 SCRA 143 September 2007 People v. i. Villareal) 1912. Nos. 95357. 13 (2) and Art. G. 76 Phil. 136164-65. 247 vii. Insuperable cause US v. L-19491. G.R.R. 332 consciousness of his acts. 22 September People v. Other exculpatory causes 1993. L-38297. 14 Bacabac v. 144 SCRA 210 SCRA 570 People v. 28 February 2001 D. G.R. 68 People v. L-68699. 56 1994. 21 January People v. G. Canta v. L-45284. L-18792. People.R.R. G. Tac-an. G. Art. Art. 73489. 280* will-power without depriving the offender of e. muteness. b. Qualifying 121 SCRA 389 c. 7 v. Specific People v. 30 August 1968 .R. 21 February 1. Dela Cruz. 11 December 2000. Tiongson. 79 1986.R. 1974. Sufficient provocation People v. Passion or obfuscation November 1978 People v. 139542. L-30801. 27 March 1974. Classes of Aggravating Circumstance 1946. Daniel. Mitigating Circumstances 1. No. 9 June C. Pagal. 149372. L-32042. People. b. 74 SCRA 271 People v. 20 April 1983. G. Inherent 2000 e. Doria. Absolutory circumstances vi. 135051-52. G. Gonzales. No. 181409. Voluntary surrender or plea of guilt September 1931. Lack of intent to commit so grave a wrong People v. Bello. L-40330. No. or sex. 25 April People v. 20 2. No. 20 ii. 2009 4. Art. 266-C and Art. Legaspi. 11 February 2010. Generic People v. 69 April 2001 People v.R. Aggravating Circumstances a. No. G. G. No. 10 People v. 20 iv. Illness as would diminish the exercise of d. 44 People v. G.R. Special Guillermo v.

G. People v. 2 July 1992. G. No. L-2390. door. 16 Executive. No.recidivism (Art. 222 SCRA 59 F. 94 People v. 120282. Phil. G.R. Jose. 94308. Sultan.R. G. means. 400 SCRA 603 6. Escote. Abuse of confidence or obvious People v. 1909. Intoxication 19. No. Nighttime. Reiteracion of motor vehicles. Butler. Persons Criminally Liable A. Taking advantage of superior strength. Baldera. L-2229. Recidivism 22. 20 April 1998. or People v. Damaso. G. Arizobal. 62. Aid of persons under fifteen years old. SCRA 159 or other calamity or misfortune. Inundation. 14 ungratefulness December 2000. 10 People v. G. 331 SCRA 216 impunity. G.R. No. or 1. Melendrez. 10.R. 19 16.R. 659-R. par. People v. Habitual delinquency (Art.R. Empacis. Mandolado. Saylan. 24 April 1950. 359 Phil. People v. No. where public November 1998.R. No. or promise. Price. 86 SCRA 370 (uninhabited) 120 SCRA 281 8. G. 28 June People v. No. or other similar 12. shipwreck. reward. use 11. 95756. Use of dangerous drugs while committing a 233 SCRA 231 felony – Sec. Breaking of wall. Evident premeditation. San Pedro. Use of illegal firearms or explosives – see 14. 16 June 1994. 290 SCRA 27 technologies in committing a felony – Sec. fire.R. 123 SCRA 133 2003. Unlawful entry. 95. fraud. Craft. No. L-44274. Garcia. 45 OG 803 People v. Aid of armed men or persons who afford 2000. 135051-52. US v. Quasi. L-51304-05. Organized or syndicated crime group. Nos. L-32914. 29 SCRA 14 November 1947. January 2007 7. 289 SCRA 213 V. The crime is committed in the palace of Chief People v. L-44274. 28 August People v. Relationship means employed to weaken the defense. Torriefel CA-GR. 14 May 1993. Nos.R. 39913.5. People v. Bibat. 27. 13. in his presence. Bigcas. 6. G. roof. G. airships. 130 conflagration. 160) 26. 30 August 1974. earthquake. 124303-05. No. 154 25. G. Castillo. 22 January 1980. 14 Phil. Cruelty. People v. L-36941. Ignominy. 136149-51. 13 May 28. 59 Phil. Crime committed on the occasion of People v. 4 Phil. 140756. 37 2007 SCRA 450 People v. G. 170562. Alternative Circumstances 18. 286 SCRA 157 211 SCRA 631 2. 17 . 5). RA 10175 People v. September 2000 US v. No. Degree of Instruction People v. No. 25 of RA 9165 People v. L-30116. San Pedro.R. 77 29 June 2007 People v. 1998 authorities are engaged in the discharge of their People v. 4 April 1983. 27 January 1983. People v. etc. RA 10591 15. 19 24. G. No. poison. 31 October 1979. Sangalang.R. Guzman. L-30449. February 1998. 122976-77. Ilaoa. Ladjaalam. G. 124319. Use of information and communications 1998. McMann. 22 January 1980.R. 28 August Celino v. Atop. People v. 348 SCRA 143 People v. Manalinde. G. Treachery. 5292. Court of Appeals. G.R. 20. 27 April 9. 94534. 17. L-28232. 561 58 SCRA 737 3. L-50276. epidemic. or disguise. or place dedicated to religious worship. or by a band. 1978. 95 SCRA 306 95 SCRA 306 People v. 21. 86 window.R. uninhabited place. 132470. 175881. 29 June 1984. 6 February 1971. Principals – Art. 20 November People v. December 1933.R. 169246. No. 26 duties. Villonez. floor. Rodas. No. 189 23.R. 1 July 1905. No.

Court of Appeals. Art. 27. Maluenda. No. L-16688. 19 August Ivler v. 17 July 9346.R. No. and 44 99 Phil. Bon. 312 SCRA 640 1987 Constitution. 27 August iv. No. G. 92163. 40 and 47 Revised Penal Code. G. No. G.R. San Pedro. People. Salazar. G. 31 May 1988 3. G. G. Latupan. Art.R. Prision correccional Enrile vs. 39.R. G. 40 -45 November 1975 a. No. 27 of SCRA 19 Revised Penal Code Dizon-Pamintuan v. G. Yanson-Dumancas. Art. 320 B. PD 2006 1612. 131116.R. No. Reclusion perpetua – RA 7659. Arresto mayor 184 SCRA 217 iii. 267 People v. Plurality of Crimes 1995. G. 200 SCRA 806 November 2010 People v. No. RA 8177. RA 2007 9346 People v. Imposable penalties February 1991. 27 People vs. Madali. No. 39. No. No. Complex crimes in relation to Quasi-crimes Abejuela v. PD 1829 b.R. 320 SCRA 584 D. Bond to keep the peace – Art. 25 May 11 July 1994 1994. Common penalties – Art. 294 People v.R. 114 SCRA 131 VII. G. Reclusion temporal People v. 128966. 172716. People v. 297 5.R. L-67803. Hernandez. People v. Doble. G. G. Principal penalties People v. Perpetual or temporary special 1999. 28 February iv. People. Art III of the 1999. L-67948. 193 SCRA 632 1. Perpetual or temporary special Santiago v.R. Sanchez. and 66 April 1963 ii. Compound crime (delito compuesto) People v. Montealegre.R. 27. 313 SCRA 254 disqualification – Art. 7 A. No. L-41054. No. G. Art. 28 2. De Vera. L-32126. Arresto menor September 2006 ii. No. Light penalties – Art. Complex crime proper (delito complejo) v. People. Accessories – Art. Destierro 2002 d. Mallari. ii.R. No. 139857. 288 SCRA 225 2.R. 17 1991. No. 19. 109266. 31 May 1982. 2 disqualification December 1993 . People.R. Lucas. 11 March iii. Lucas. Penalties People v. 6 July 1978. G. 18 August a. 15 i. Composite Crimes/Special Complex Crimes People v. 18 E. No. 30 October C. 19 March 2001 1997 ii. 166401. 515 i. Suspension People v. 13 disqualification December 1988 b. Prision mayor – Art. Madrigal-Gonzales. 111426.R. G. G. 28 June People v. Perpetual or temporary absolute 1999 disqualification – Article 30 People v. 108172. Afflictive penalties People v. Public censure C.25 People v.People v. c.R No. Garcia. Art. 19 and 20 (RPC). RA 7659. 173858. Accomplices – Art. No. Garchitorena. G.R. Talingdan. L-58886. and 44 Batulanon v. 34386. 13 December 1999. 80130. 133527- 28. Art. 112453. Correctional penalties – Art. 141125. G.R. 31 B. G. Doctolero. Continuing crime (delito continuado) e. RA Garces v. 9 January VI. Tabaco. Perpetual or temporary absolute People v. L-6025-26. 5 June 1990. 100382.R. 108172. 18 July 1956. A. Art. G. 39. No. Fines – Art. 266-B March 1998. 27 and 35 Gamboa v. No. 26.R. 127663. 84 i. L-30028. 27 1.R. Capital punishment – Sec. Accessory penalties – Art. 30 i. 115351. 30 July 1990 4. Valdez.

R. 223446. People. Marcelo. and 86-88. Additional penalty for certain accessories – Art. 17 December 2008. and qualifying circumstances – Art. G. Application and computation of penalties 2016 1. 29 (see also RA 10592). G. G. 94-99. In cases of insanity – Art. 17 August 2011 Talampas v. Indemnification 3763 f. G. 58 e. 28. G. See also: amendments 3.89-93 Sermonia v. Impossible crimes – Art. Minors – RA 9344 3. 02-1-18-SC ii. Court of Appeals.R. G. 28 and proceeds of the offense July 2006 g. 173473. Specific Rules liability – Art. See CJ Puno Dissent and J.R. Forfeiture or confiscation of the instruments Romualdez v. Go.R. 50 -57. 100-113 a. No. aggravating. Effect of mitigating. Minors i. 23 November 2011 People v. General rules – Art. Corona Separate Opinion C. 180219. No. 67 and 69 h. 21. Effect of degree of participation and stage of commission – Art. 49 c. Lanuza. 23 vote and be voted for. Civil interdiction See also: Act No. Subsidiary penalty – Art. 78.R. 47. RA 9344 VIII.R. Desierto.R. No. G. Crime different from that which was intended September 1994. the profession or calling August 2001. 2 b. Suspension of sentence a. 147270. No. the right to Republic v. 59 f. Execution and service of penalties 1. Temporada. 102007. No.R. No. Pete Lagran. e. 363 SCRA 585 d. 79 b. Probation Law (PD 968 as amended) See also: RA 10707 3. General rules – Art. Section 31-35 of AM No. 188562. Indeterminate Sentence Law People v.c. 28 November B. Payment of costs B. 5. No. Civil Liability arising from criminal 2. 15 August 2001. 60-61 d. In re Petition for Habeas Corpus. 39 under RA 10592 See also: RA 10159 Cruz III v. Bayotas. 165510. 62-66 g. G. Extinction of criminal liability A. Total – Art. 136506. 70. – Art. 363 SCRA 275 2. Incomplete justifying or exempting circumstances – Art. 14 June 1994 . 48) People v. 109454.R. Partial – Art. 73-77 IX. 46. No. Complex Crimes (Art. G. Suspension from public office. No. 3326 as amended by Act No.