I.

Tema

Ciclos ideales del motor de combustión interna.

II. Objetivos

 Objetivo general

III. Desarrollo

CICLO A VOLUMEN CONSTANTE.

Datos:

14
E 18
22
1,3 1
nt =1−
k 1,35 ❑k−1
1,4

E ηt(14) ηt(18) ηt(22)
14 0,5469 0,5798 0,6044
18 0,6029 0,6364 0,6610
22 0,6520 0,6853 0,7096

7500 ƞt CICLO A PRESIÓN CONSTANTE. Datos: 14 k ( ρ −1) E 18 nt =1− k∗E K−1 ( ρ−1) 22 1.35 1.7000 0.4500 0.5000 0.3 k 1. Ɛ vs.5500 0.6000 0.6500 0.4 Asumimos valores para: . ƞt 23 22 21 20 19 ƞt(14) 18 ƞt(18) Ɛ 17 ƞt(22) 16 15 14 13 0.

61987569 1.8 0.5547 1.8 E=18 ρ E=22 1.6 1.5 1.2 E=14 E=18 E=22 nt ρ nt ρ nt ρ 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4810 2.4 ρ 1.7000 nt CICLO MIXTO .5000 0.3 2. 1.2 ρ vs nt 2.8 0.2 0.2 2.1 2 1.59221785 1.2 0.51867577 2.6879546 1.4 0.7 1.54679711 2.6261 1.4500 0.66187455 1.4 1.5500 0.6000 0.6500 0.8 2.9 E=14 1.

Datos: q1 = 2000 kJ/kg q 2=Cv(Tb−Ta) T0=Ta= 288 ˚K  14 q2 k= 1.713 kJ/kg.029 kJ/kg.4 nt =1− Cv= 0.K q1 Cp= 1.K λ Tz´ Tc Tz ρ ηt ηt(%) .

10% 2.13% 1.57 0.41 827.19 1.17 827.64 3152.52 0.47 827.37% 2.8 2317.3 1903.642 64.625 62.64 2923.7 1407.53 1.94 1.91 0.11 827.3 1075.612 61.88 827.638 63.617 61.64 3254.531 53.52 827.579 57.607 60.559 55.76 827.4 1158.28 1.23% 2 1655.70 3.32 0.78 1.69% 2.48% 1.64 2847.05 827.10 0.96% 1.43 0.6 2151.58 827.86 1.83% 2.5 2069.17 827.28 3.64 3050.82 827.11 2.69 0.64 2974.64 3228.81% 2.628 62.29 827.33 0.60% 1.64 2872.62% 2.44 1.12% 1.64 3101.64 2796.64 3279.5 1241.64 3025.00 827.35% .74% 1.64 2771.1 827.23 827.48 0.91% 1.64 3076.64 2822.631 63.03% 2.61 2.11 1.78 2.570 56.9 1572.4 1986.86% 1.83 0.71% 1.53 2.36 1.00 0.70 827.644 64.595 59.636 63.35 827.8 1489.64 827.94 2.1 910.94 827.47% 2.40 827.64 827.76 0.69 1.84 0.64 3203.03 1.65 0.61 1.35 0.36 0.64 3000.64 3177.601 60.7 2234.64 2898.48 0.07 0.63 0.39 0.621 62.2 1820.36 2.10% 2.634 63.93 827.64 3127.6 1324.9 2400.1 1738.640 64.546 54.587 58.20% 3 2482.19 2.64 2949.2 993.21 0.

29 0.7 3062.72% 3.15% 4.40 827.648 64.5 2896.652 65.64 3508.82% 3.70 827.94 0.17% 4.15% 4.651 65.90% 3.86 1.52 1.69 827.8 3145.52 0.61 1.27 0.652 65.3 3558.20% 4.02 1.93 827.03% 3.64 3610.652 65.26 0.7 3889.97 0.69 1.17% 4.4 3641.94 1.81 827.86 0.646 64.44 1.652 65.99 827.64 3584.650 64.64 3686.18 0.93 0.52 827.8 3972.645 64.3.11 0.20% 4.64 3457.6 2979.652 65.19 1.36 1.28 827.09 0.58 827.19% 4.27 1.651 65.5 3724.651 65.64 3762.64 3381.11 0.94 0.23 0.07 0.03 0.13 0.46 827.650 65.00 0.34 827.08% 3.4 2813.16 827.19% 4.652 65.98 0.87 827.11 1.20 0.9 4055.64 3787.15 0.97% 3.652 65.652 65.22 827.2 2648.46 827.11 827.64 3406.23 827.64 3559.6 3807.64 3737.64 3711.95 0.92 0.69 0.05 0.64 3330.10% .2 3476.02 1.20% 4.647 64.649 64.64 3635.64 3660.64 3355.1 3393.64 3482.13% 5 4138.61% 3.64 3432.1 2565.75 827.64 3533.77 1.49% 3.05 827.652 65.64 3305.651 65.63 827.01 0.12% 4 3310.44 1.3 2731.9 3227.

ηt vs λ 0.00 4.300 nt 0.5 4 4.00 1.500 0.400 0.5 λ ηt vs ρ 0.200 0.000 0.50 2.100 0.00 2.50 3.400 0.50 1.50 4.300 NT 0.000 0.00 3.5 2 2.50 p .5 1 1.100 0.5 5 5.500 0.5 3 3.600 0.200 0.600 0.

00 3.50 1.50 p . λ vs ρ 6 5 4 3 λ 2 1 0 0.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.50 4.00 1.