LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE

GOVERNMENT
& LOCAL AUTONOMY

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE What is GOVERNMENT? What is GOVERNANCE? .

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE GOVERNMENT The instrumentality/machinery organized by the citizenry to exercise State powers in order to perform State duties and functions .

welfare. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE The process by which government power and authority is exercised in order to perform government duties and responsibilities for the protection. and development of its constituents .

Article II (Declaration of Principles and State Policies). DEMOS + KRATIA people rule . for the people” 1987 Philippine Constitution. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them” . by the people. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE The Philippine System of Government DEMOCRATIC .All State powers and authority reside in the people “Government of the people. Section 1: “The Philippines is a democratic and republican State.

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE ELEMENTS of GOVERNMENT 1. STRUCTURE 5.To Rule 3.To Care . ACCOUNTABILITY “public office is public trust” . POWERS & DUTIES 4.Officers 2.Members . PEOPLE . OBJECTIVES AND PURPOSES: .

All lower courts LOCAL GOVERNMENT All LGUs: Provinces .Governor Cities/ Sanggunian Municipalities . DPWH. Representatives DSWD. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE CONSTITUTION Execution of Laws Enactment of Laws Interpretation of Laws Legislative Executive Judicial (Congress) NATIONAL GOVERNMENT President House of Senate Supreme Court DILG.Mayor Vice-Mayor Barangays PBgy . etc.

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT GOVERNANCE .

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991 (RA 7160) .

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE CORE PRINCIPLES LOCAL AUTONOMY DECENTRALIZATION PEOPLE PARTICIPATION .

Article X of the 1987 Phil. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE DECENTRALIZATION (as mandated by Section 3. Constitution  the distribution of powers and functions from a central (national) government to the local governments .

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE NECESSARY STEPS IN DECENTRALIZATION: Devolution . Decrease of bureaus or offices to streamline the levels of decision-making . Transfer of Power and Functions from a higher to a lower authority Debureaucratization .

Section 2. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE THE MANDATE FOR LOCAL AUTONOMY Constitutional Mandate: Article X. . in reference to Sec 1: “The territorial and political subdivisions shall enjoy local autonomy.

Purpose: To better serve public interest and promote the general well being of the inhabitants through speedy and immediate government action. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE LOCAL AUTONOMY ( mandated under Section 2. Article X of the 1987 Constitution)  the authority of local governments or political subdivisions of a State to exercise the basic powers of government. .

98-116) 6. Sectoral Representation in the Sanggunian (Sec. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE PEOPLE PARTICIPATION 1. 69-75) 2. Initiative and Referendum (Sec. Representation of NGOs and POs in the Local Special Bodies (Sec. 120-127) 4. Required Consultations and Public Hearing (Sec. Recall (Sec. and 467) . 457. 446. 34-36) 3. Role of NGOs and Pos (Sec. 187) 5.

. PROGRAMS. LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE Underlying Principle: DEMOCRATIZATION SYSTEMS. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES SHOULD RECOGNIZE. AND PUT LIFE TO THE BASIC TENETS OF DEMOCRACY: That Government is OF the People. UPHOLD. BY the People FOR the People.

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT GOVERNANCE .

LOCAL LEGISLATION 101: BUILDING YOUR ROADMAP FOR GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT GOVERNANCE .