1. April 23, 2008: Senate Joint Resolution No. 10 by SENATORS AQUlLlNO Q.

Proposed designations, capitals, and geographic extents [17]
Letter State Capital
Federal Administrative Region of Metro
M Metro Manila
A Northern Luzon Tuguegarao City
B Central Luzon Tarlac City
C Southern Tagalog Tagaytay City
Mamburao, Mindoro
D Minparom
E Bicol Legazpi City
F Eastern Visayas Catbalogan City
G Central Visayas Toledo City
H Western Visayas Iloilo City
I Northern Mindanao Cagayan de Oro City
J Southern Mindanao Davao City
K BangsaMoro Marawi City

The joint resolution proposed how senators are to be elected, especially those
that are to represent overseas voters as senators are now representing certain
states. The Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) is sto be abolished. Such council was
responsible for screening nominees to the judiciary. There will also Geographic
locations of the three branches of the government would also be reconsidered. In
the proposal, the legislative department would be transferred to what would
become the State of Central Visayas while the judicial department would be
moved somewhere within the State of Northern Luzon. The executive
department would remain within the federal administrative region of Metro

2. In the first stage of the transition of federalism. (3) A federal system will greatly increase the capacity of the people and the government to deal with the country’s chronic problems of poverty. will respond to the long-felt demands of local political leaders and businessmen for their release from the costly time-consuming. We would then be better able to unify. The states will be primarily responsible for the economic. the federal government of their areas. custom and tariffs. Jose V. Our political development. these propositions are offered: (1) The Philippines has achieved sufficient national unity and democratization. This new strategy of development through “regionalization” shall continue until around 2009-2010. and the people’s liberty will be protected by the further dispersion of power in the government and the society. including a measure of decentralization and local autonomy. a federal system will also be better able to respond to the external threats to national security and the challenges of globalization. stifling. foreign relations. the present 14 administrative regions. government powers will be allocated between the national or federal government and the states with their local governments. (5) A federal system will be better to be able to achieve and sustain national unity and identity.economic regions and be ranted more substantial autonomy: more powers. and at the same time protect and enhance the nation’s cultural diversity and social pluralism. (2) A federal system. and help poor. injustice. and demoralizing effects of excessive centralization and controls by the national government in the unitary system. social and cultural development of their areas. To justify the proposal to transform our political system from its present unitary structure to a federation. such more than a unitary system. and inadequate social service and infrastructure–the manifestations of underdevelopment under highly centralized governance. disadvantaged and marginalized citizen. To the federal government will be allocated such powers and functions as national defense and security. The states will be coterminous with the ten administrative and socio. and (6) By strengthening the nation-state’s capacity to deal with its critical internal problems and to develop its economy polity and culture. (4) In a federal structure substantial equitable development for the whole country is most likely to be achieved. strengthen and develop the Philippines as a pluralistic nation and the Republic as a functional and democratic political system. and during Spanish and American colonial rule. Abueva (2002) Under the proposed Federal Republic of the Philippines. .economic regions. plus the ARMM. the monetary system. and the national judiciary. and resources. and cultural development will be mutually reinforcing and sustainable. the federal government will provide grants and assistance to the less developed states in order to promote overall development equity. should be consolidated into just ten larger administrative and socio. socio-economic development. We shall be replacing the stifling centralized unitary structure in the 1987 Constitution and in earlier constitutions. functions. as the basis for establishing a federal system of government.

two representatives from the 209 districts would be elected. a CON-CON is perceived to be a more independent body free from any political bias. the expenses incurred in a Con-Ass is substantially and exponentially lower. which is a material aspect of our Constitution. Congress would also have to pass a law providing the guidelines for the Constitutional Convention in order to make the necessary revisions for the Constitution. The law would also include methods of selecting members. hence a supermajority of a party in Congress would not be able to monopolize the revision of the Constitution. Translated to better constitutional provisions that are truly for the common good. additional reasonable qualifications may be prescribed for CON-CON delegates to prevent clowns. STEPS: 1. On the other hand. There is no guaranteed unilateral control of the fundamental laws of the land as the Convention is to be elected by the people at large. etc. To put it into context. Moreover. This is primarily because there is no need to conduct a separate elections from the presidential and senatorial elections. like some members of the present congress. According to Article XVII of the 1987 Constitution. The proposal of having a Constitutional Convention should be voted by 2/3 of all its members (absolute number of both the upper and lower house). So there is no telling when the Con-Con is going to end. the CON-ASS mode may actually take more time because of the unresolved issue on whether the two houses of Congress should vote separately or jointly. Now. that means 418 would be giving privileged speeches for days on end. the election process. the Con-Ass would also expedite the process and thus it would be more favorable for both the citizens and the legislatures. Have a member of Congress propose for a Constitutional Convention. 2. A Con-Ass is preferred because from a budget standpoint. because the Philippine Constitution allows either of the two. the Con-Con would not distract Congress of their main duties and responsibilities. and that they could continue performing their duties. or 3/4 of the vote of Congress (Constitution-Assembly). A Constitutional Convention is the best way to revise the constitution as it maintains the checks and balances of our government. the rentals of rooms and utilities and computers would cost billions. as the delegates have neither personal interests to protect nor terms of office to extend. from messing up the Constitution. budget appropriation. which may need judicial interpretation by the Supreme Court. the additional expense to maintain a CON-CON will be taxpayers’ money well-spent. Further. To add. when a Con-Con is held. As to the expenses. This juxtaposition will allow us to see which method is much more efficient and beneficial. creating a staff of at least six per delegate. aside from spending in the election. it is important to see the benefits and the harms that the two could give. Moreover. this revision would require either a Constitution Convention.Realizing the Proposal: The shifting from the democratic government to a government of federalism would entail a revision rather than an amendment as this entails changing the government structure. .

philstar. 3.com/tacdrup/towards.gov. However.pdf http://tacdrup. The 1987 Constitution is not specific how members of the Convention are to be elected.philstar. 5. and with the majority of voters approving its ratification.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/139345-philippines-states-federalism http://www. The people would then elect the members of the Constitutional Convention at the same time they will be electing their respective Barangay officials in order to have a single election date and for the Commission on Elections to perform their duties on a more efficient manner.pdf http://www. the Comelec would then hold a plebiscite in which the electorate would vote. we propose a national election-at-large with the hypothetical qualifications on the law submitted by Congress which created the ConCon 4.ph/14th_congress/resolutions/sjr-10. and thus the Convention would also open their floors to interpellation. Sources: http://senate. The Convention would then publish their drafts for the public to see.com/opinion/2016/07/18/1604003/con-con-or-con-ass .tripod. Such plebiscite is held not earlier than 60 days nor later than 90 days from approval.com/opinion/194337/why-constituent-assembly http://www. Should there be an agreement and after the finalization of all edits.