ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK

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Performance of Distributed Power Flow
Controller on System Behavior under
Unbalance Fault Condition
ABSTRACT
Recently, within the family of FACTS, the distributed power flow controller is an additional
device. This paper highlights on voltage sag mitigation which is one of the burgeoning power
quality issues. It deals with the working concept of distributed power flow controller for
compensating unbalanced three phase line currents in the transmission system. The single phase
series converters of DPFC are able to compensate active as well as reactive, negative and zero
sequence unbalanced currents. In this paper the performance of the DPFC has been studied by
considering line to ground fault near the load end. The MATLAB/SIMULINK results obtained
shows an improved performance in voltage sag mitigation, unbalance compensation, remarkable
reduction in load voltage harmonics and also enhanced power flow control.

KEYWORDS:
1. DPFC
2. Power flow control
3. Reduction of load voltage harmonics
4. Reliability improvement
5. Voltage sag mitigation
6. Unbalance fault condition.

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

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BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Basic DPFC structure.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Load voltage sag waveform during unbalance fault.

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Fig. 3. Mitigation of load voltage sag wave form during unbalance fault with DPFC.

Fig. 4. Load voltage. (a) Signal selected for calculating THD without DPFC. (b) THD without
DPFC.

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(b)
Fig. 5. Load voltage. (a) Signal selected for calculating THD with DPFC. (b) THD with DPFC.

.
Fig. 6. Capacitor dc voltage in dc side of shunt converter within DPFC.

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CONCLUSION
This paper introduces the unbalance compensation and the voltage sag mitigation during
unbalance fault condition by utilizing a recent additional FACTS device which is distributed
power flow controller (DPFC) adopting sequence analysis technique. The DPFC is designed by
employing three control loops. The simulated system has two machine systems, in presence and
absence of the DPFC in the system. To examine the capability of the DPFC, an unsymmetrical
L-G fault is taken into account near the load end side. In this paper simulation done verifies that
the adopted control is able to give unbalance compensation and mitigation of voltage sag.

REFERENCES
[1] N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS : Concepts And Technology of
Flexible AC Transmission Systems. New York: IEEE Press, 2000.
[2] L. Gyugyi, C. D. Schauder, S. L. Williams, T. R. Rietman, D. R. Torgerson, and A.
Edris, “The Unified Power Flow Controller: A New Approach to Power Transmission
Control,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1085–1097, April 1995.
[3] Y. H. Song, and A. Johns, “Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS),” Institution of
Electrical Engineers (IEE Power and Energy Series), London, U.K:, vol. 30, 1999.
[4] K. Ramya and C. Christober Asir Rajan, “Analysis And Regulation of System
Parameters Using DPFC,” IEEE International Conference on Advances in Engineering,
Science And Management (ICAESM), March 2012, pp. 505-509.
[5] M. D. Deepak, E. B. William, S. S. Robert, K. Bill, W. G. Randal, T. B. Dale, R. I.
Michael, and S. G. Ian, “A Distributed Static Series Compensator System For Realizing
Active Power Flow Control on Existing Power Lines,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22,
pp. 642-649, Jan. 2007.

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