DESIGNED BY - SHIVENDRA KUMAR CHECKED BY - CHETAN AGRAWAL

Design Of Retaining Wall
* All dimensions are in m unless specified
0.50

11.00
Earth Side Water Side

4.03
1.97 1.50
8.00
14.00
Condition 1 : No water inside power channel, Earth fill outside

C D

A B

Properties
Unit wt. of soil(γe), considering it to be saturated = 22.00 KN/m3
Angle of internal friction of soil(Φ) = 35.00 degree
Unit wt. of concrete = 25.00 KN/m3
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil(SBC) = 407.00 KN/m2
Unit wt. of water,γw = 10.00 KN/m3
Coefficient of friction,m = 0.70
Factor of safety against overturning = 1.40
Factor of safety against Sliding(For earthquake case) = 1.20
Factor of safety against Sliding(For non earthquake case) = 1.40
Loads
Weights
Load Value(KN)
W1 975.99
W2 201.71
W3 137.50
W5 525.00
TOTAL 1840.20
Earth pressure(Static & Dynamic)
(Ref. Clause 8.1 of IS:1893-1984)

αh = Horizontal Seimic Coefficient.
αv = Vertical seismic coefficient equal to αh/2
Φ = Angle of internal friction of soil
λ = tan-1[(αh)/(1±αv)]

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α = Angle which earth face of the wall makes with the vertical 2 of 16 .

αv = 0 and λ =0 2.00 Ca cos λ * cos2α * cos(δ + α + λ) 1 + sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .ζ) cos (δ + α ) T = 0.60 degrees δ = 23.α) (1 .λ) 1/2 cos (α .85 Total Ca = 0.λ .ζ .2 sec natural period) αh = 0.20 (From Software calculation) Sa/g = 3. 5 of earthquake report for 0.00 = 332.75 0.ζ .α) X 1.36 0.00 = 187.73 0.29*11.αv) * cos2 (Φ .95 KN acting at a distance 1/3 of height from bottom Load due to dynamic earth pressure(Depr) = 18.00 or 9.81 degrees λ=tan−1 = α = 1±αv 7.00 ( Ref.84 sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .00 = (1 ± αv) * cos2 (Φ . fig.ζ) cos (δ + α + λ) = 0.3 of earthquake report) Φ = 35.ζ = Slope of earth fill δ = Angle of friction between the wall and earthfill (wall friction angle.30 Coefficient for dynamic earth pressure increment.Cadynamic = Ca .ζ .48 Castatic = 0.00 = (1 ) * cos2 (Φ -α) X 1.81 0.00 KN acting at a distance 1/2 of height from bottom 3 of 16 .λ) = 0.33 degrees ζ = 0.10 αh 8.λ .00 0.00 degrees αv = 2αh/3 = 0. clause 5.70 KN/m2 Load due to static earth pressure(Sepr) = 33.4.ζ) cos (δ + α + λ) Putting αh = 0.α) = 1.79 cos λ * cos2α * cos(δ + α + λ) = 0.00 degrees Calculation of Active Coefficients TOTAL STATIC (1 + αv) * cos2 (Φ .17 Maximum static earth pressure = (1/2)*γe*h*Castatic = 33.79 (1 ± αv) * cos2 (Φ .α) = 0.should be taken 2/3 of of Φ IRC-78pp79) F = factor which is a function of geometry b = Thickness of wall 2.Ca' = 0.70*11.λ .λ) 1/2 cos (α .λ .29 KN/m2 Dynamic earth pressure = (1/2)*γe*h*Cadynamic = 18.00 Ca' 1 * cos2α * cos(δ + α) 1 + sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .49 cos (α .16 ( Ref.

38x0.67 Overturning moment due to Lateral seimic loads.00 = 17633.71 31.00 m Pressure due to vehicle surcharge.Vehicle surcharge Equivalent to soil surcharge of height.27x5.84x8.Pvs = castatic*γe*he = 0. 97.318.00 KNm Resisting moment.18 >1.4 OK 4 of 16 .earth pressure and vehicle surcharge.17 161.71 -20.96 KNm FOS = Mr/Mo = 5.30 A B CG of resultant from B = 9.36 SVW3 -14.31 7.Mr =18.4 OK b) With earthquake case Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from B(m) B(KNm) SLW2 31.25+-54.73 W2 201.70 624.98 11695.38 0.00 Total Wt.00 1309.50 21.00 81.00 7.27 5.20 18318.25x7.84 8.25 7.21 8.99+-14.25 1134.00 KN/m2 Load due to vehicle surcharge(Wv) = Pvs * h = 0.50 -14.24+(31.84 SVW3 137.99 -100.Mo = 1720.19 SLW5 81.00 -379.38 Vertical Inertia seimic load of wall Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SVW2 201.54 SLW3 21.71 8.27 SLW3 137.00+81.38 W5 525.00 KN acting at a distance 1/2 of height from bottom Lateral Inertia seimic load of wall Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SLW2 201.03 SVW2 -20.00 3675.24 KNm Resisting Moment.99 -187.720.00 Total Wt.31x7.00 -54.85 Stability against Overturning a) Without earthquake case Resultant of vertical forces Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from B(m) B(KNm) W1 975.Mo =1.99 1813.21 SVW5 525.00x7.75 61.30+-20.17+21.00 = 3401.00 7.31 SLW5 525. 1840.Mr = 18318.99 11.00 149.75)+187.25 -117.21x8.50 8.65 >1.19 W3 137.95 m Overturning Moment due to static earth pressure + Vehicle surcharge.75 Depr 187.22 SVW5 -54.he = 0.25 Vertical Inertia seimic load of Soil Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SVW1 975.30 KNm FOS = Mr/Mo = 10.

99 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 1.00 /2 + 1.Stability against Sliding a) Without earthquake case Sliding Force.00 X (11.Mh)/R (18318.30.4 OK b) With earthquake case Sliding Force.Fs = 332.OK Pressure at B = 17.20 = 9.95 X (11.6e/L)) a) Without earthquake case Distance of resultant from B. Lr =(Mv .55 KN/m2 <SBC.13 m Towards A from centre of footing Pressure at A = 185.02 m e = Lr .L/2 = 2.02 m Towards A from centre of footing Pressure at A = 245.Mh)/R = 8.67 17.2 OK Base Pressure Calculation Mv = moment due to vertical forces Mh = moment due to horizontal forces R = Vertical Reaction e = Eccentrcity of resultant force from centre of foorting Pressure. P = ((R/L) x (1 +.(332.00/3 + 1.58 KN/m2 <SBC.71 64.Fs = 653.70 245.13 m e = Lr .00 STEM Sepr = 332.67 b) With earthquake case Distance of resultant from B.67 KN/m2 <SBC.OK Pressure at B = 64.58 150. Lr =(Mv .52 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 3.50) + 0.L/2 = 1.22 KN/m2 <SBC.95 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1288.OK Depr + Wv = 187.87 >1.22 179.55 5 of 16 .87 >1.OK STEM Sepr = 332.95 h/2 h/3 HEEL C TOE A D B ### 185.95 h/3 HEEL DTOE C A B 147.50) ) ) / 1840.90 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1225.

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53 1742.1 Provide T32 @ 180 c/c 4468.28 0.34595 0.92017931 1917 0.23 4409.37 1.32 0.21 Toe slab 793.32 870.127 1841.82 Total for stem = 2249.36 638.29 0.5 Provide T20 @ 170 c/c 1848.33 0.23 b) Reinforcement Calculations Grade of concrete used M 25 Grade of Steel used Fe 415 Reinforcement for stem earth side Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm2 N/mm2 % mm2 3373.91 0.243433 0.2402113 1450 0.00 About C 5.95 About C 3.09 936.50 1028.00 493.50 Sepr 332.05 300.10 About C 2.12 1127.04 mm2 Reinforcement for Heel Slab Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm 2 N/mm 2 % mm2 1405.97 988.918116 0.27 3915 Provide T32 @ 205 c/c 3923.24791 0.67 1220.05 About D 3.16 mm2 7 of 16 .668423 0.88 0.Design a) Bending Moment and Shear stress Calculations * -ve load indicates downward load * Deductions are due to selfweight and soil weight * Lever arm distance is the distance of CG of load to the point about which moment is considered * Shear stress calculated at a distance d from face of concrete Shear Load due to earth Load Point about which Moment( Stress(N/ Component bottom pressure(KN) Deduction(KN) Net Load(KN) mom.5018151 1450 0.22 -449. Is taken Lever arm distance(m) KNm) mm2) Heel Slab 678.00 mm2 Reinforcement for Toe Slab Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm2 N/mm2 % mm2 2614.29 Stem Depr + Wv 187.

50 2.4.00 11.00 KN/m2 Unit wt. fig.70 Factor of safety against overturning = 1. of soil(γe) = 22.50 Condition 2 : Water inside power channel.00 ### 6.m = 0. 5 of earthquake report for 0.50 HFL 11.2 sec natural period) αh = 0. No Earth outside C D A B Properties Unit wt.00 degree Unit wt.00 KN/m3 Angle of internal friction of soil(Φ) = 35. αv = Vertical seismic coefficient equal to 2αh/3 T = 0.95 3. Clause 7.25 W3 137.40 Factor of safety against Sliding(For earthquake case) = 1.3 of earthquake report) 8 of 16 .00 KN/m3 Safe Bearing Capacity of soil(SBC) = 407.γw = 10. CHETAN AGRAWAL Design Of Retaining Wall * All dimensions are in m unless specified 0.20 Factor of safety against Sliding(For non earthquake case) = 1.2 of IS:1893-1984 for Hydrodynamic pressure) αh = Horizontal Seimic Coefficient.50 W4 660.00 W5 431.25 Water pressure(Static & Dynamic) (Ref.20 Sa/g = 3. of water. of concrete = 25.40 Loads Selfweight Load Value(KN) W2 206.00 ( Ref.00 KN/m3 Coefficient of friction.16 ( Ref. SHIVENDRA KUMAR CHECKED BY . DESIGNED BY .00 Earth Side Water Side 7. clause 5.

25 -44.21 SVW5 431.00 KN/m3 h= 7. 1435.79 m Overturning Moment due to static water pressure = 1311.75 2479.97 SLW3 137.43 >1.50 -14.25 66.98 KN acting at a distance 0.10 Element Depth from Cs p(KN/m2) Height surface.95 0.4h of height from bottom Lateral Inertia seimic load Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SLW2 206.45 KNm Resisting Moment = 9739.24 Maximum static Water pressure = γw*h = 79.4 OK 9 of 16 .25 31.95 = 316.84 Vertical Inertia seimic load Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SVW2 206.95 7.00 9739.5 x79.25 4.25 5.95 m Cm = 0.69 CG of resultant from A = 6.50 KN/m2 Hydrodynamic pressure at base = 9.13 W3 137.69 KNm FOS = 7.69 Total Wt.01 KN acting at a distance 1/3 of height from bottom Load due to Hydrodynamic pressure(Dwpr) = 2/3 x 9. y 7.31 SLW5 431.24 x 7.25 721.95 = 48.31 SVW3 137.25 -21.00 W5 431.75 9.75 for vertical face of wall αh = 0.50 x 7.50 928.16 αv = 0.50 5.24 KN/m2 Load due to static water pressure(Swpr) = 0.50 5610.00 8.The Hydrodynamic Pressure p=C S α h wh The Coefficient varies with shape and depth Cm Coefficient Calculated from Fig:10 C S= Cm y 2 h y ( ( ) √ ( )) 2− + h y h 2− y h of IS:1893-1984 y Depth of water from surface w= 10.50 21.88 W4 660.56 Stability against Overturning a) Without earthquake case Resultant of vertical forces Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from A(m) A(KNm) W2 206.

81 10 of 16 .64 132.89 >1.56 5. P = ((R/L) x (1 +.Mh)/R Lr = 5.75 121.75 50.12 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 948.87 m e = Lr .95 KNm FOS = 4.12 m Towards B from centre of footing Pressure at B = 132.17 165.43 116.75 KN/m2 <SBC.31 4.59 SVW5 -44.75 -256.L/2 = 0.6e/L)) a) Without earthquake case Distance of resultant from A.13 SVW2 -21.31 7.19 SLW5 66.81 KN/m2 <SBC.72 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 1.80 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 3.97 5.21 5.00 149.18 >1.4 OK Stability against Sliding a) Without earthquake case Sliding Force.18 KNm Resisting moment = 9312.OK STEM Swpr = 316. Lr =(Mv .84 0.b) With earthquake case Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from A(m) A(KNm) SLW2 31.OK Pressure at A = 116.25 -74.17 SLW3 21.01 HEEL DTOE h/3 C A B 124.4 OK b) With earthquake case Sliding Force.68 229.50 -95.23 Dwpr 48.24 Overturning moment due to Lateral seimic loads and water pressure = 1905.91 SVW3 -14.Fs = 485.Fs = 316.2 OK Base Pressure Calculation Mv = moment due to vertical forces Mh = moment due to horizontal forces R = Vertical Reaction e = Eccentrcity of resultant force from centre of foorting Pressure.01 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1004.96 >1.98 4.

02 Stem Dwpr 48.65 837.25 323.83 587.1646 0.12 0.01 0 h/3 HEEL C TOE A D B 118.29 0.OK Pressure at A = 135.47 m e = Lr .18 155.40 446.43 Total for stem = 993.17 0.OK STEM Dwpr= 48.98 Swpr = 316.42 About C 1.346754 0.76 Swpr 316.327043 0.44 KN/m2 <SBC.29 0.085 1622.Mh)/R Lr = 5.67 0.62 100.65 Provide T32 @ 495 c/c 1624.19 124.28 m Towards A from centre of footing Pressure at B = 100. Is taken Lever arm distance(m) KNm) mm2) Heel Slab 454.74 mm2 Reinforcement for Heel Slab Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm2 N/mm2 % mm2 688.20 0.19 KN/m2 <SBC.67 131.95 About D 2.14 Toe slab 657.44 Design a) Bending Moment and Shear stress Calculations * -ve load indicates downward load * Deductions are due to selfweight and weight of water * Lever arm distance is the distance of CG of load to the point about which moment is considered * Shear stress calculated at a distance d from face of concrete Load due to earth Shear bottom Load Point about which Moment( Stress(N/ Component pressure(KN) Deduction(KN) Net Load(KN) mom.05 702. Lr =(Mv .82 mm2 Reinforcement for Toe Slab 11 of 16 .98 About C 3.57 135.1 1409 Provide T25 @ 345 c/c 1422.b) With earthquake case Distance of resultant from A.15 b) Reinforcement Calculations Grade of concrete used M 25 Grade of Steel used Fe 415 Reinforcement for stem Water side Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm 2 N/mm 2 % mm2 1191.00 -44.69620184 1409 0.L/2 = -0.01 About C 2.92 131.75791711 1909 0.77 573.

29 0.079258 0.0293 0.56186756 1409 0.Moment(Mu) dr dp τv τc Mu/bd2 pt main Astr (kN-m) (mm) (mm) N/mm2 N/mm2 % mm2 157.58 mm2 12 of 16 .35 213.06 845.4 Provide T32 @ 950 c/c 846.

80 .00 face(Table2 IS3370(part2)) near to Liquid retaining Steel 415.87 13 of 16 .50 Ref.00 8.IS3370(II) c) Material Properties σcb = 8.98 N = 1 / (1+ σst/mσcb) = 0.00 6.b) Permissible stresses Permissible Material Grade stresses Remarks N/mm2 In compression (bending Concrete 25.00 150.00 N/mm2 Modular ratio = 280/3σcb = 10.00 1.00 face(Table2 IS3370(part2)) Resistance to cracking(tension due to bending) :table 1 Concrete 25.IS3370(II) Resistance to cracking( Direct tension ) :table 1 Concrete 25.00 1. Table21 IS456) In compression(direct Ref.38 j = 1.00 Table21 IS456) Away from Liquid retaining Steel 415.50 N/mm2 σst = 150.30 .N/3 = 0. Concrete 25.00 190.

b) = = 837.30 mm Depth Provided = 2000.00 mm Effective depth.20 N/mm2 (Table 23.35 mm Depth Provided = 1500.d = 1909.M/σcb.02 N/mm2 Permissible shear stress = 0.j.00 mm Ast req = M/(σst.00 mm Clear Cover = 75.D = sqrt(6.20 kN-m Overall Depth required. IS:456-2000) OK f) Stem Design Max.67 kN-m Overall Depth required.00 mm b = 1000. IS:456-2000) OK e) Toe slab Design Max.00 bottom steel Ast prov = = 3153. Clear Cover = 75. the stresses specified above has been exceeded upto a limit of 33.00 mm Ast = 4021.00 mm Effective depth.19 N/mm2 (Table 23.98 D = 2000.00 mm.d) Heel slab Design Max.00 mm Ast req = M/(σst. Of rebar = 32.b) = = 636. for M25 grade (Ref: IS 456:2000.d = 1409.24 sq.j. IS:456-2000) OK Check For Crack width in STEM ( Ref.37 mm2 per mr Provide 32.00 mm Dia.00 255.34 sq.50 N/sq.00 mm Clear Cover = 75. (Ref: IS 456:2000.91 mm2 per mr 100Ast/bd = = 0.00 1130.72 mm2 per mr 100Ast/bd = = 0. table 21.20 N/mm2 (Table 23.D = sqrt(6. Of rebar = 32.D = sqrt(6.d = 1409.22 Shear stress at a distance d = 0.00 200.00 mm Effective depth.M/σcb.j. Section B-2.mm d' = 91.14 N/mm2 Permissible shear stress = 0.21 14 of 16 .d) = 711.00 mm Dia.00 mm p = 0. page 80) => m = 10.M/σcb.00 mm Dia.d) = 3112. Pillai andn Menon: Page-369) Permissible Bening Compressive Stress in Concrete = 8.23 mm Depth Provided = 1500.15 N/mm2 Permissible shear stress = 0.mm. Bending Moment = 993.333 percent. Bending Moment = 573.24 mm2 per mr 100Ast/bd = = 0.12 kN-m Overall Depth required. Bending Moment = 131.d) = 3976.00 mm d = 1909.00 mm Ast req = M/(σst.00 mm Spacing = 200.93 mm2 per mr Provide 32.22 mm2 per mr Provide 32.00 Ast prov = = 711.21 Shear stress at a distance d = 0. Of rebar = 32.3.05 Shear stress at a distance d = 0.mm Asc = 7311. page 81) Since we are considering stresses due to Earthquake .00 Ast prov = = 4021.00 mm Clear Cover = 75.b) = = 304.

38 15 of 16 .p' = 0.

35.00 N/mm^2 * Tensile Stress in Steel Under Service Load fst = m * M(d-kd) / Icr Moment due to service Load M = 993.00 Cmin.2 Permissible Limit for cracking is 0. As per IS 456:2000 Clause No.3.20 KN.Taking moments of areas of the cracked-transformed section about NA k=[m2 (p+1. = 75.92 Es = 200000.88 Mpa. Which is less than σst = 230 Mpa Crck width Calculation Єm = (1/Es) * [(D-kd)/(d-kd)]*[ fst .5-m(p+1.30 => kd = 568.5p'd'/d)0.5p')] = 0.{bt (D-kd)/(3*Ast)}] = 0.5p)2+2m(p+1.00 mm => acr = 125.m Icr = 1.05 mm.2 mm.00 mm wcr = (3*acr*Єm) / [1+{2*(acr-cmin) / (D-kd)}] = -0. 16 of 16 .57E+11 mm4 => fst = 92.