# DESIGNED BY - SHIVENDRA KUMAR CHECKED BY - CHETAN AGRAWAL

Design Of Retaining Wall
* All dimensions are in m unless specified
0.50

11.00
Earth Side Water Side

4.03
1.97 1.50
8.00
14.00
Condition 1 : No water inside power channel, Earth fill outside

C D

A B

Properties
Unit wt. of soil(γe), considering it to be saturated = 22.00 KN/m3
Angle of internal friction of soil(Φ) = 35.00 degree
Unit wt. of concrete = 25.00 KN/m3
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil(SBC) = 407.00 KN/m2
Unit wt. of water,γw = 10.00 KN/m3
Coefficient of friction,m = 0.70
Factor of safety against overturning = 1.40
Factor of safety against Sliding(For earthquake case) = 1.20
Factor of safety against Sliding(For non earthquake case) = 1.40
Weights
W1 975.99
W2 201.71
W3 137.50
W5 525.00
TOTAL 1840.20
Earth pressure(Static & Dynamic)
(Ref. Clause 8.1 of IS:1893-1984)

αh = Horizontal Seimic Coefficient.
αv = Vertical seismic coefficient equal to αh/2
Φ = Angle of internal friction of soil
λ = tan-1[(αh)/(1±αv)]

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α = Angle which earth face of the wall makes with the vertical 2 of 16 .

αv = 0 and λ =0 2.00 Ca cos λ * cos2α * cos(δ + α + λ) 1 + sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .ζ) cos (δ + α ) T = 0.60 degrees δ = 23.α) (1 .λ) 1/2 cos (α .85 Total Ca = 0.λ .ζ .2 sec natural period) αh = 0.20 (From Software calculation) Sa/g = 3. 5 of earthquake report for 0.00 = 332.75 0.ζ .α) X 1.36 0.00 = 187.73 0.29*11.αv) * cos2 (Φ .95 KN acting at a distance 1/3 of height from bottom Load due to dynamic earth pressure(Depr) = 18.00 or 9.81 degrees λ=tan−1 = α = 1±αv 7.00 ( Ref.84 sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .00 = (1 ± αv) * cos2 (Φ . fig.ζ) cos (δ + α + λ) = 0.3 of earthquake report) Φ = 35.ζ = Slope of earth fill δ = Angle of friction between the wall and earthfill (wall friction angle.30 Coefficient for dynamic earth pressure increment.Cadynamic = Ca .ζ .48 Castatic = 0.00 = (1 ) * cos2 (Φ -α) X 1.81 0.00 KN acting at a distance 1/2 of height from bottom 3 of 16 .λ) = 0.33 degrees ζ = 0.10 αh 8.λ .00 0.00 degrees αv = 2αh/3 = 0. clause 5.70 KN/m2 Load due to static earth pressure(Sepr) = 33.4.ζ) cos (δ + α + λ) Putting αh = 0.α) = 1.79 cos λ * cos2α * cos(δ + α + λ) = 0.00 degrees Calculation of Active Coefficients TOTAL STATIC (1 + αv) * cos2 (Φ .17 Maximum static earth pressure = (1/2)*γe*h*Castatic = 33.79 (1 ± αv) * cos2 (Φ .α) = 0.should be taken 2/3 of of Φ IRC-78pp79) F = factor which is a function of geometry b = Thickness of wall 2.Ca' = 0.70*11.λ .λ) 1/2 cos (α .λ .29 KN/m2 Dynamic earth pressure = (1/2)*γe*h*Cadynamic = 18.00 Ca' 1 * cos2α * cos(δ + α) 1 + sin (Ф + δ) sin (Φ .49 cos (α .16 ( Ref.

99 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 1.00 /2 + 1.Stability against Sliding a) Without earthquake case Sliding Force.00 X (11.Mh)/R (18318.30.4 OK b) With earthquake case Sliding Force.Fs = 332.OK Pressure at B = 17.20 = 9.95 X (11.6e/L)) a) Without earthquake case Distance of resultant from B. Lr =(Mv .55 KN/m2 <SBC.13 m Towards A from centre of footing Pressure at A = 185.02 m e = Lr .L/2 = 2.02 m Towards A from centre of footing Pressure at A = 245.Mh)/R = 8.67 17.2 OK Base Pressure Calculation Mv = moment due to vertical forces Mh = moment due to horizontal forces R = Vertical Reaction e = Eccentrcity of resultant force from centre of foorting Pressure. P = ((R/L) x (1 +.(332.00/3 + 1.58 KN/m2 <SBC.71 64.Fs = 653.70 245.13 m e = Lr .00 STEM Sepr = 332.67 b) With earthquake case Distance of resultant from B.67 KN/m2 <SBC.OK Pressure at B = 64.58 150. Lr =(Mv .52 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 3.50) + 0.L/2 = 1.22 KN/m2 <SBC.95 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1288.OK Depr + Wv = 187.87 >1.22 179.55 5 of 16 .87 >1.OK STEM Sepr = 332.95 h/2 h/3 HEEL C TOE A D B ### 185.95 h/3 HEEL DTOE C A B 147.50) ) ) / 1840.90 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1225.

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50 2.4.00 11.00 KN/m2 Unit wt. fig.70 Factor of safety against overturning = 1. of soil(γe) = 22.50 Condition 2 : Water inside power channel.00 ### 6.m = 0. 5 of earthquake report for 0.50 HFL 11.2 sec natural period) αh = 0. No Earth outside C D A B Properties Unit wt.00 degree Unit wt.00 KN/m3 Angle of internal friction of soil(Φ) = 35. αv = Vertical seismic coefficient equal to 2αh/3 T = 0.95 3. Clause 7.25 W3 137.40 Factor of safety against Sliding(For earthquake case) = 1.3 of earthquake report) 8 of 16 .00 KN/m3 Safe Bearing Capacity of soil(SBC) = 407.γw = 10. CHETAN AGRAWAL Design Of Retaining Wall * All dimensions are in m unless specified 0.20 Factor of safety against Sliding(For non earthquake case) = 1.2 of IS:1893-1984 for Hydrodynamic pressure) αh = Horizontal Seimic Coefficient.50 W4 660.00 W5 431.25 Water pressure(Static & Dynamic) (Ref.20 Sa/g = 3. of water. of concrete = 25.40 Loads Selfweight Load Value(KN) W2 206.00 ( Ref.00 KN/m3 Coefficient of friction.16 ( Ref. SHIVENDRA KUMAR CHECKED BY . DESIGNED BY .00 Earth Side Water Side 7. clause 5.

25 -44.21 SVW5 431.00 KN/m3 h= 7. 1435.79 m Overturning Moment due to static water pressure = 1311.75 2479.97 SLW3 137.43 >1.50 -14.25 66.98 KN acting at a distance 0.10 Element Depth from Cs p(KN/m2) Height surface.95 0.4h of height from bottom Lateral Inertia seimic load Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SLW2 206.45 KNm Resisting Moment = 9739.24 Maximum static Water pressure = γw*h = 79.4 OK 9 of 16 .25 31.95 = 316.84 Vertical Inertia seimic load Load Cooresponding weight(KN) Seimic Load value (KN) SVW2 206.95 7.00 9739.5 x79.25 4.25 5.95 m Cm = 0.69 CG of resultant from A = 6.50 KN/m2 Hydrodynamic pressure at base = 9.13 W3 137.69 KNm FOS = 7.69 Total Wt.01 KN acting at a distance 1/3 of height from bottom Load due to Hydrodynamic pressure(Dwpr) = 2/3 x 9. y 7.31 SLW5 431.24 x 7.25 721.95 = 48.31 SVW3 137.25 -21.00 W5 431.75 9.75 for vertical face of wall αh = 0.50 x 7.50 928.16 αv = 0.50 5.24 KN/m2 Load due to static water pressure(Swpr) = 0.50 5610.00 8.The Hydrodynamic Pressure p=C S α h wh The Coefficient varies with shape and depth Cm Coefficient Calculated from Fig:10 C S= Cm y 2 h y ( ( ) √ ( )) 2− + h y h 2− y h of IS:1893-1984 y Depth of water from surface w= 10.50 21.88 W4 660.56 Stability against Overturning a) Without earthquake case Resultant of vertical forces Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from A(m) A(KNm) W2 206.

81 10 of 16 .64 132.89 >1.56 5. P = ((R/L) x (1 +.Mh)/R Lr = 5.75 121.75 50.12 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 948.87 m e = Lr .95 KNm FOS = 4.12 m Towards B from centre of footing Pressure at B = 132.17 165.43 116.75 KN/m2 <SBC.31 4.59 SVW5 -44.75 -256.L/2 = 0.6e/L)) a) Without earthquake case Distance of resultant from A.13 SVW2 -21.31 7.19 SLW5 66.81 KN/m2 <SBC.72 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 1.80 KN FOS = mR/Fs = 3.97 5.21 5.00 149.18 >1.4 OK Stability against Sliding a) Without earthquake case Sliding Force.18 KNm Resisting moment = 9312.OK STEM Swpr = 316. Lr =(Mv .84 0.b) With earthquake case Moment about Load Value(KN) CG from A(m) A(KNm) SLW2 31.OK Pressure at A = 116.25 -74.17 SLW3 21.01 HEEL DTOE h/3 C A B 124.4 OK b) With earthquake case Sliding Force.68 229.50 -95.23 Dwpr 48.24 Overturning moment due to Lateral seimic loads and water pressure = 1905.91 SVW3 -14.Fs = 485.Fs = 316.2 OK Base Pressure Calculation Mv = moment due to vertical forces Mh = moment due to horizontal forces R = Vertical Reaction e = Eccentrcity of resultant force from centre of foorting Pressure.01 KN Resisiting Force = mR = 1004.96 >1.98 4.