FIRE SERVICE FEATURES

vided with emergency lighting, each exit 509.2 Equipment access. Approved access shall be provided
stair that allows reentry, exit stairs pro- and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit
viding roof access; elevator information immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equip-
that includes: number of elevator banks, ment. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not
elevator bank designation, elevator car be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such
numbers and respective floors that they equipment from being readily accessible.
serve, location of elevator machine
rooms, location of sky lobby, location of
freight elevator banks; SECTION 510
EMERGENCY RESPONDER RADIO COVERAGE
13.5. Building services and system information
that includes: location of mechanical
rooms, location of building management
510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in new build-
ings. All new buildings shall have approved radio coverage
I
system, location and capacity of all fuel for emergency responders within the building based upon the
oil tanks, location of emergency genera- existing coverage levels of the public safety communication
tor, location of natural gas service; systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This
section shall not require improvement of the existing public
13.6. Fire protection system information that safety communication systems.
includes: locations of standpipes, location
of tire pump room, location of fire depart- Exceptions:
ment connections, floors protected by 1. Where approved by the building official and the fire
automatic sprinklers, location of differ- code official, a wired communication system in
ent types of automatic sprinkler systems accordance with Section 907.2.13.2 shall be permit-
installed (e.g., dry, wet, pre-action, etc.); ted to be installed or maintained in lieu of an
and approved radio coverage system.
13.7. Hazardous material information that 2. Where it is determined by the fire code official that
includes: location of hazardous material, the radio coverage system is not needed.
quantity of hazardous material. 3. In facilities where emergency responder radio cover-
14. Work table. age is required and such systems, components or
equipment required could have a negative impact on
15. Generator supervision devices, manual start and the normal operations of that facility, the fire code
transfer features. official shall have the authority to accept an auto-
16. Public address system, where specifically required matically activated emergency responder radio cov-
by other sections of this code. erage system.

17. Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with 510.2 Emergency responder radio coverage in existing
ASMEA17.1. buildings. Existing buildings shall be provided with
approved radio coverage for emergency responders as
18. Elevator emergency or standby power selector required in Chapter 11.
switch(es), where emergency or standby power is
510.3 Permit required. A constmction permit for the instal-
provided.
lation of or modification to emergency responder radio cover-
age systems and related equipment is required as specified in
Section 105.7.5. Maintenance performed in accordance with
SECTION 509
this code is not considered a modification and does not
FIRE PROTECTION AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT
require a permit.
IDENTIFICATION AND ACCESS
510.4 Technical requirements. Systems, components, and
509.1 Identification. Fire protection equipment shall be equipment required to provide emergency responder radio
identified in an approved manner. Rooms containing controls coverage system shall comply with Sections 511.4.1 through
for air-conditioning systems, sprinkler risers and valves, or 511.4.2.5.
other fire detection, suppression or control elements shall be
identified for the use of the fire department. Approved signs 510.4.1 Radio signal strength. The building shall be con-
required to identify fire protection equipment and equipment sidered to have acceptable emergency responder radio
location shall be constructed of durable materials, penna- coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 percent
nently installed and readily visible. of all areas on each floor of the building meet the signal
strength requirements in Sections 51 0.4.1.1 and 51 0.4.1.2.
509.1.1 Utility identification. Where required by the fire
code official, gas shutoff valves, electric meters, service 510.4.1.1 Minimum signal strength into the build-
switches and other utility equipment shall be clearly and ing. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be
legibly marked to identify the unit or space that it serves. receivable within the building.
Identification shall be made in an approved manner, read- 510.4.1.2 Minimum signal strength out of the build-
ily visible and shall be maintained. ing. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be

2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® 67

erage.2. that location shall represent the entire test area. Emergency responder 1.2.2. munications system. the building 510. the location of radio sites.5. 510. without prior coordination and approval of the fire code ted from within the building. test areas.4.5. and upon contain.4. Failure of a maximum of two nonadjacent test areas power supply. ment being installed. The mini- coverage system shall be designed in accordance with Sec. When an emergency responder radio coverage system. The installation of the pub. Amplification other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to systems capable of operating on frequencies licensed to ensure spurious oscillations are not being generated any public safety agency by the FCC shall not be installed by the subject signal booster. or when approved by the agency's radio communications system. 5. source shall be contained in a NEMA 4-type waterproof cabinet.2. A valid FCC-issued general radio operators license.FIRE SERVICE FEATURES received by the agency's radio system when transmit. When primary power is lost. The emergency responder radio coverage and the test measurement results shall be kept on file system shall be capable of modification or expansion in with the building owner so that the measurements the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or can be verified during annual tests. Battery systems used for the emergency power altered to meet the 90 percent coverage requirement. signal 4. but not be limited to. If the system fails the 40-area test. or other system approved by the fire code offi. Buildings 1. shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.5. the various frequencies completion of installation. In the event that three of the test areas fail the boosters shall meet the following requirements: test. 7. age system shall automatically transfer to the secondary 3. As part of the installation a spectrum analyzer or 510. the fire code official is provided.5. The information. This document shall responder radio coverage system is required. 2.1 through 510. 6.5 Additional frequencies and change of fre. Additional test locations shall not be permitted. test location has been selected. 510.4. the 1. Certification of in-building system training issued Communications Commission (FCC)-certified signal by a nationally recognized organization. approved secondary source of power. The test shall be conducted using a calibrated porta- gency responder radio coverage system for a period of ble radio of the latest brand and model used by at least 24 hours.2. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a radio coverage systems shall be provided with an grid of 20 approximately equal test areas. A test location approximately in the center of each test area shall be selected for the test.2 System design. All signal booster components shall be contained floor shall be permitted to be divided into 40 equal in a National Electrical Manufacturer's Associa.4. 510.5.2. effective radiated the radio system tested to ensure that two-way coverage on power of radio sites. and other supporting technical each floor of the building is a minimum of 90 percent.4. the measurement results become lost.1 Approval prior to installation. The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured quencies.5 Installation requirements. in order to be more statistically accurate.4.3 Secondary power. with the radio 3.4 Signal booster requirements. mum qualifications of the system designer and lead instal- tions 51 0. lation personnel shall include: 510. The signal booster system and battery system shall be electrically supervised and monitored by enabled to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the public a supervisory service. test areas shall not result in failure of the test.2 Minimum qualifications of personnel. owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test lic safety radio coverage system shall be in accordance with to reestablish the gain values.4. The emergency responder radio 510. Once the fire code ~fjicial. These qualifications shall not be required where dem- 510. In the event that additional frequencies are made available by the FCC. and structures which cannot support the required level and of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system.2 Technical criteria.4. the system shall be 2.2.3 Acceptance test procedure. a distributed antenna system with Federal 2. The secondary power supply shall be capable of operating the emer. area.5. nical information and requirements for the emergency 510. This test shall be con- 68 20121NTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® . shall not result in failure of the test.5. official. Failure in the selected 4. Sections 510. test procedure shall be conducted as follows: 510. the the agency talking through the agency's radio com- power supply to the emergency responder radio cover.1 through 51 0. Failure of a maximum of four nonadjacent tion (NEMA) 4-type waterproof cabinet. the building owner shall have required. The fire code official onstration of adequate skills and experience satisfactory to shall maintain a document providing the specific tech. Equipment shall have FCC certification prior to test location shall be considered failure of that test installation. school or a boosters.1 Amplification systems allowed. If used. certificate issued by the manufacturer of the equip- cial in order to achieve the required adequate radio cov.

a report. FIRE SERVICE FEATURES ducted at time of installation and subsequent annual inspections.1 Testing and proof of compliance. shall be submitted to the fire code official.219.6.6.5.6. The building owner shall modify or expand the emergency responder radio coverage system at their expense in the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or additional frequencies are made available by the FCC. 2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® 69 . 510. Agency personnel shall have the right to enter onto the property at any reasonable time to conduct field testing to verify the required level of radio coverage. Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load of a period of one hour to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage.2 Additional frequencies. If within the 1-hour test period the battery exhibits symptoms of failure. 4. 3.5.6 Maintenance.4. FCC 47 CPR Part 90.4. 510.5. 5. The emergency responder radio coverage system installation and components shall also comply with all applicable federal regulations includ- ing.6. the test shall be extended for additional 1-hour periods until the integrity of the battery can be determined.3. The emer- gency responder radio coverage system shall be inspected and tested annually or whenever structural changes occur including additions or remodels that could materially change the original field performance tests. 2. but not limited to.1 through 510. which shall verify compliance with Section 510. In-building coverage test as described in Section 51 0. 510.4 FCC compliance. All other active components shall be checked to ver- ify operation within the manufacturer's specifica- tions. Testing shall consist of the following: 1. 510. Signal boosters shall be tested to ensure that the gain is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance. 510.6. At the conclusion of the testing. The emergency responder radio cover- age system shall be maintained operational at all times in accordance with Sections 510. Ptior approval of a public safety radio coverage system on previous frequencies does not exempt this section.3 Field testing.