Mechanical engineers working in transmission field would often have to decide upon

kind of gears they have to use. Although this task has become a matter of selection
of gear based on standards, it is also important to know what goes behind this. In
this video tutorial you will learn how to design a pair of spur gears for
mechanical strength, surface resistance and fluctuating load.

Enough mechanical strength to withstand force transmitted
Enough surface resistance to overcome pitting failure
Enough dynamic resistance to carry fluctuating loads

So we got number of teeth on both the gears, but one should also check for a
phenomenon called interference if gear system has to have a smooth operation.
Interference happens when gear teeth has got profile below base circle. This will
result high noise and material removal problem. This phenomenon is shown in
following figure.

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