Introduction to Advances in Power Plant Chemistry

Objectives and other details of modules

Duration – 90 minutes
Training aids
Power point Presentations
Objective
  At the end of the session participants will be able to:
 Describe advances made in boilers - design & size and chemical
control limits with reference to different types / sizes of boilers for:

Feed water

Steam water cycle

Superheated steam cycle

Condensates
 List out online and offline instruments in SWAS and purpose of
these instruments
 Use online and offline instruments for measuring parameters
related to water chemistry

11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 2

MHI. 500 MW. 100. 250.500MW ● Supercritical Boiler. 800 MW.BHEL based on Alstom design- 660. Babcock – 660 MW 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 3 .210. Advances in Boiler design and its implication for water chemistry ● Double Drum Boiler – early 60s – 50-100MW ● Single Drum with mud and clean compartment – Russian design/Skoda-50. Toshiba.Stain France . BHEL based on CE design/Alstom/Ansaldo . 600MW (Chinese) ● Drum less subcritical Boiler. Ansaldo. 200 MW ● Single Drum Boiler.

Chemical Control Limits in Different Design Boiler For Steam-water Cycle .

8-9.0 8.8-9. µS/cm 0. max 5 5 5 .0 8.100 & 200 MW SN Parameter 60 MW 100MW 200 MW 1 pH at 25oC 8.8-9.0 2 Cation Conductivity.3 0. max 10 10 10 7 Total Cu. max 20 20 20 5 Residual N2H4. µg/l. µg/l.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS FOR FEED WATER OF 60. µg/l 20-30 20-40 10-20 6 Total Fe.2 3 Dissolved O2. µg/l. µg/l.3 0. max 7 7 5 4 Silica.

µg/l. CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS FOR FEED WATER OF 500 MW AND ABOVE SN Parameter 500 MW 1 pH at 25oC 9. µg/l. max 10 5 Residual N2H4. max 10 7 Total Cu. µS/cm 0. µg/l.0 – 9. µg/l.2 2 Cation Conductivity. µg/l 10 – 20 6 Total Fe. max 3 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 6 . max 5 4 Silica.2 3 Dissolved O2.

max 3 Silica.0 1.2 – 9. mg/l 2–6 2–6 2-4 5 Chloride.0 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 7 . at 30 50 30 25oC.5 0.7 9.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE OF 60. Conductivity.2 – 9. max 1.100 & 200 MW SN Parameter 60 MW 100MW 200 MW 1 pH at 25oC 9.2 – 9.4 4 Phosphate.6 1. mg/l.5 1. max 2.5 9. mg/l.5 2 Sp. µS/cm.

µS/cm. max 20 3 Silica. at 25oC.1 – 9. mg/l.1 4 Phosphate. mg/l 1–2 5 Chloride.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE OF 500 MW & ABOVE SN Parameter 500 MW 1 pH at 25oC 9. max 0. max 0.5 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 8 .4 2 Sp. mg/l. Conductivity.

µg/l.100 & 200 MW SN Parameter 60 MW 100MW 200 MW 1 pH at 25oC 8. µg/l. µg/l. µg/l.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF SUPERHEATED STEAM CYCLE OF 60. max 3 Silica. mg/l.35 0.3 0.8 – 9.5 0.5 6 Iron.5 0.8 – 9. at 25oC. max 10 10 10 7 Copper. max 0.8 – 9. max 10 5 5 5 Ammonia. 0. max 20 20 20 4 Sodium.0 8.0 2 Cation Conductivity.2 µS/cm.0 8.8 5 5 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 9 . max 58.

max 10 4 Sodium. µg/l.0 – 9. µg/l.0 6 Iron. µS/cm. max 5 5 Ammonia. max 3 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 10 . µg/l. mg/l. max 0. max 10 7 Copper.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF SUPERHEATED STEAM CYCLE OF 500 MW & ABOVE SN Parameter 500 MW 1 pH at 25oC 9. max 1. at 25oC.2 3 Silica. µg/l.2 2 Cation Conductivity.

CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF CONDENSATE OF 60.8 – 9.0 2 Cation Conductivity. max 10 10 10 7 Total Copper. max 3 Silica. at 25oC.5 6 Total Iron. max 20 20 20 4 Dissolved O2.5 0. µg/l.100 & 200 MW SN Parameter 60 MW 100MW 200 MW 1 pH at 25oC 8. max 50 40 40 5 Ammonia. mg/l.5 0. µg/l.35 0.8 – 9. max 0. max 5 5 5 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 11 . 0. µg/l.0 8.8 – 9.0 8.3 µS/cm. µg/l.3 0.

mg/l. max 40 5 Ammonia. µg/l. µg/l.0 – 9.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF CONDENSATE OF 500 MW & ABOVE SN Parameter 500 MW 1 pH at 25oC 9. µg/l. at 25oC. max 0. µg/l. max 1.2 3 Silica. max 5 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 12 .0 6 Total Iron. max 10 4 Dissolved O2. µg/l. max 3 8 Sodium. µS/cm. max 10 7 Total Copper.2 2 Cation Conductivity.

Sodium. at 5.2/-- 3. Copper. µg/l 13 . max -. µS/cm. 25oC. 9. Iron.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE FOR POWER PLANT UNITS TREATED CONDENSATE CPU In/Out) S. µg/l. 500/-- 4.1 Cation Conductivity. µg/l 100/25 100/25 100/25 11. Ammonia. µg/l 10/1 10/2 10/2 8.2/-. 50/10 50. µg/l 50/5 50/5 50/5 9. Type of CPU provided Deep MB Deep MB Deep MB (Ammonex) (Consep) (Seprex) IN/OUT IN/OUT IN/OUT 2. 500/-. Chloride.1 --/0. pH at 25oC. max -. µg/l 5/2 5/2 5/2 10. --/0. µg/l Crud.N. max 20/5 20/5 20/5 6.5/ 50/5 TDS. 9. Silica. µg/l 10/1 10/2 10/2 7.1 --/0. PARAMETER 2x500MW 3x500MW 3x500MW 1.

µS/cm. max by H2 H2 1. max cooled cooled by 3 Dissolved O2.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE FOR COAL/GAS BASED UNITS (100 & 200 MW) PRIMARY STATOR WATER SN Parameter 60 MW 100MW 200 MW 1 pH at 25oC 6.8 – 7.0 2 Sp. at Stator is Stator is 1. µg/l. max - 5 Iron. max - 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 14 .5 4 Copper.0 250C.0 – 4. µg/l. mg/l. Conductivity.

2 3 Dissolved O2. max 20 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 15 .0 2 Sp. max 20 5 Iron. µg/l.5 – 9. max 10 4 Copper. µg/l. at 250C. COAL BASED UNITS (500 MW AND ABOVE) PRIMARY STATOR WATER SN Parameter 500 MW 1 pH at 25oC 8. max 2. µS/cm. Conductivity. µg/l.

µg/l.2 – 9. max 20 20 20 30 7 Total Cu. 0.5 8.2 0. max 20 20 20 20 5 Residual N2H4.7 8.3MW (GT)+ W(GT) (GT) (GT) 149MW 109. max 7 7 10 7 4 Silica.19M 106MW 144.5 9. 10 max 6 Total Fe.3M 116.1MW 225MW (ST) W(ST) (ST) (ST) 1 pH at 25oC 9. µg/l.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE FOR GAS/NAPHTHA BASED UNITS FEED WATER SN Parameter 88MW 111. µg/l.5 – 9.5 2 Cation Conductivity.0 – 9. 10 . µg/l.2 µS/cm 3 Dissolved O2.2 0. . max 3 3 5 20 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 16 . µg/l.2 0.5 -9.

5 0.3MW 116. mg/l.0 2. max 4. µS/cm.0 2.5 0.0 – 9.1 0. 50 100 150 150 at 25oC.1 0.19M 106MW 131 (GT)+ W(GT) (GT) MW(GT) 149MW 109. max 100 100 100 100 6 Chloride. max 0.0 4 Phosphate. max 0.5 0. Conductivity. max 3 Silica. mg/l.1MW 225MW (ST) (ST) (ST) (ST) 1 pH at 25oC 9.0 2. max 10 10 10 10 7 Total Iron.8 – 10.5 9. mg/l.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE FOR GAS/NAPHTHA BASED UNITS BOILER WATER (HP DRUM) SN Parameter 88MW 111.1 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 17 .5 8 Total Copper. max 6 3 – 10 1 – 10 2-6 5 TDS. mg/l.8 2 Sp.1 0.3 9.5 – 10.2 9. mg/l. mg/l.2 – 10.

mg/l. mg/l.3 9. max 3 Silica.2 – 10.0 – 10. µS/cm.5 – 10. mg/l. max 10 10 10 10 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 18 . max 6 3 – 10 10 – 20 15 5 TDS. mg/l.5 9.3MW 116.0 2. max 100 100 100 100 6 Chloride.0 5. Conductivity.GAS/NAPHTHA BASED UNITS BOILER WATER (LP DRUM) SN Parameter 88MW 111.1MW 225MW (ST) (ST) (ST) (ST) 1 pH at 25oC 9.5 2 Sp. max 4.0 2.8 – 10.0 4 Phosphate.2 9. 50 100 150 150 at 25oC.19M 106MW 131 (GT)+ W(GT) (GT) MW(GT) 149MW 109.

. at 25oC.3 (GT)+ MW(GT) MW (GT) MW(GT) 1x149 +2x109.1 +1x225 MW (ST) MW(ST) MW (ST) MW (ST) 1 pH at 25oC 9. mg/l. 10 10 5 Ammonia.19 4x106 3x144. 20 8 Chloride. µg/l. .5 8. max .8 – 9. max 20 20 20 20 4 Sodium.2 8.2 0.CHEMICAL CONTROL LIMITS OF STEAM-WATER CYCLE FOR GAS/NAPHTHA BASED UNITS MAIN STEAM SN Parameter 3x88MW 4x111. µg/l. max . 3 11/27/13 Fußzeilentext 19 .2 2 Cation Conductivity.5 – 9. - 6 Iron. µg/l. max 3 .2 0.3 +2x116.2 – 9. max 20 .2 µS/cm.2 0. µg/l.7 8. max 3 Silica. . . 0. µg/l 10 . . .8 – 9. 20 7 Copper.

2 0.5 2 Cation Conductivity.3 (GT)+ MW(GT) MW (GT) MW(GT) 1x149 +2x109. at 25oC.2 µS/cm.5 – 9.2 8.GAS/NAPHTHA BASED UNITS CONDENSATE SN Parameter 3x88MW 4x111. max 100 20 20 25 .19 4x106 3x144. µg/l.8 – 9.2 0. max 3 Silica.7 8.1 +1x225 MW (ST) MW(ST) MW (ST) MW (ST) 1 pH at 25oC 9.3 +2x116.5 – 9.2 0.2 – 9. max 20 20 20 20 4 Dissolved O2. 0.2 8. µg/l.

SWAS Online Instruments in SWAS ● Silica Analyzer ● Phosphate Analyzer ● pH meter ● Conductivity meter ● ACC Conductivity meter ● Hydrazine Analyzer ● Ammonia Analyzer ● Dissolved Oxygen Analyzer 21 .

SWAS OFF Line Instruments in SWAS ● pH meter ● Conductivity meter ● Turbidity meter ● Double ● Double bean spectrophoto meter to analyze: ● Silica ● Ammonia ● Hydrazine ● Phosphate ● Iron ● Copper 22 .

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