# MACHINE TECHNOLOGY205

READING AND USING ENGINEERING DRA WINGS

BLANK DEVELOPMENT

For Formed Sheet Metal Parts

There are many systems employed by a variety of
industries (aircraft, electronics, architectural, automotive, etc.)
to account for "what happens in a sheet metal part when bending
it from its flat blank state to Its final bent-upform:
"Setbacks ", "Bend Allowances " and "K Factors " are somewhat
different approaches to arrive at a proper flat blank size
and insure that features are correctly located
on given part side after bending.

The system illustrated here is one developed by staff of a former precision
manufacturer in Berkeley, CA. It has proven over many decades, when doing
"coin" bending*, to produce extremely accurate and reliable results .

* Please Note: The following formulas for right-angle bends assume a bending
process called "coin" (or. " bottom") bending ... as opposed to "air" bending.

da baruch

000 1.881 Tangential Dimensioning 0.881 .000 Extension Line Dimensioning 1.000 1. DIMENSIONING WITH NON-90 DEGREE BENDS 1.000 0.

775 I 0.Illustrated here is the development of a blank for parts having a standard 90 deg.775 This is the length of the flat blank.43r + 1. 3.0538 + .43 (.125) . Shown is a common dimensioning method and calculation of a Setback (bend deduction) * SB = Setback: The amount to be subtracted from the sum of the outside dimensions of the two legs of the bent part.. The formula for this is SB= .225 3. the object is to determine the correct length of the flat blank in preparation for bending.000 4.125.125) + 1.000 0.125 I 2.225 Then 2. t = The thickness of the sheet or plate 2. bend.372t r = The radius on the inside curve of the bend.125 and t=.125 .000 +2. SB = .000 Developing the flat blank length for the above drawn part: Calculate the Setback and then subtract it from the sum of two outside dimensions as follows - Where r=.000 .1715 .372 (.

everything is the same as example #1 except the metal thickness ("t" now = .372 (.372 (.032) + 1.901 This is the length of the flat blank.062 I 0.062) : EXAMPLE 2 EXAMPLE 3 90° 90C 2.0851 .000 4.062) .125 R0.000 R0.000 +2.000 4.000 2.032 I 0.0851 .000 +2.. EXAMPLE #3 SB = .000 .125) + 1.062 2.000 EXAMPLE #2 SB = .861 This is the length of the flat blank. .000 . In example #2 of flat blank development.099 3..014 + .43 (.43 (.062) .099 Then 2.000 2.0538 + .139 Then 2.139 = 3.

TANGENT LINE DIMENSIONING 0.125 SB = 2 (r +1) . SETBACKS . specifically the angle of deflection . r = The radius on the inside curve of the bend. the amount of bend away from the 180 o starting point. (To find the deflected angles in these examples. t = The thickness of the sheet or plate 120C R0.863 + 1. SETBACKS .000 NON-90 DEG.4t) a/360 a = Angle of bend.4t) A / 57. subtract the included angles shown from 180 o) .3 Calculate: 1.863-SB .125 I 2.271 (r + .in other words.NON-90 DEG. (r + .062 0.EXTENSION LINE DIMENSIONING SB = 2 (r + t) tan (a/2) .

125 — T" 1.RO.5 4 B013 .063 -^ -3.000 —|. -2.100 2. NAME CALCULATE FLAT BLANK LENGTHS WITH THE FORMULA SB = .43r + 1.090 — 0.125 RO.500 2.000 _L 0.090 r 1.125 /-R0.372-t —I 1.000- .063 2.500 R0.500 0.125 X2 p O.625 ###BOT_TEXT### ###BOT_TEXT### " ^ \ "* 17D 2.750 X2 8 Blank Devel.000 J J_ 0.0.625 1.000 — 0.500 / TYP 2.125 R0.000 1.500 0.250.100 — r.090 0.125 1.125 T 1. dab .093 0.

500 Reference 6. dab . Calculate the flat-blank location of the center of the hole grid in the X & Y axes fron the indicated reference edges: X= Y= 1.125 3.100 J o O 2.000 Edges for Flat Blank R0.550 OOOOOOOOO ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo o o Blank Devel.5 4 E013 .050 TYP 0.