10 views

Uploaded by bachan

Reciprocity theorem

- Multiverse vs universe; fantasy vs reality
- Computer Networks - A Tanenbaum - 5th Edition
- Engineering Mechanics Statics 13E - Chapter 07 [Solutions] (Hibbeler).pdf
- Ex07Transition Pipe
- ES 11 First Long Exam
- AEA 2005
- Calculus: An Overview
- MT notes
- Mathcad - Pipe Rack Structure Wind Design Loads
- S14 FP1 Model red
- Statistical mechanics lecture notes (2006), L21
- H. Bombin and M.A. Martin-Delgado- Topological Computation without Braiding
- am
- 11th-physics-full-answer-key-for-public-exam-2019-question-paper-english-medium.pdf
- Griffiths Problems 09.13.pdf
- Mathematics Question Paper 2008
- Solution of SHM1083
- swap
- 12 Maths CBSE Exam Papers 2016 Foreign Set 2 Answer
- solutions ch03

You are on page 1of 2

Reciprocity is an important concept in antennas because it produced implications when we reverse

the role of transmitting antennas and receiving antennas. A formal derivation of the Lorentz

Reciprocity Theorem begins by considering a volume containing two sets of sources, J 1 and J 2 ,

which each produce fields E 1 , H 1 and E 2 , H 2 , respectively, as shown in Figure 1.

(E 1 H 2 E 2 H 1 ), (1)

which is expandable using a vector identity as

( E 1 ) H 2 ( H 2 ) E 1 ( E 2 ) H 1 + ( H 1 ) E 2 . (2)

From Maxwells curl equations,

E1 = jH 1 (3)

H1 = jE 1 + J 1 (4)

E2 = jH 2 (5)

H2 = jE 2 + J 2 . (6)

Therefore,

(E 1 H 2 E 2 H 1 ) = jH 1 H 2 jE 2 E 1 J 2 E 1 (7)

+jH 2 H 1 + jE 1 E 2 + J 1 E 2

= J 1 E 2 J 2 E 1. (8)

Since we took the divergence of a quantity in (1), let us now integrate the divergence over the

volume of interest:

0

(E 1 H 2 E 2 H 1 )dv = (J 1 E 2 J 2 E 1 )dv 0 (9)

V V

"

0

(E 1 H 2 E 2 H 1 ) ds = (J 1 E 2 J 2 E 1 )dv 0 . (10)

S V

Prof. Sean Victor Hum ECE422: Radio and Microwave Wireless Systems

Lorentz Reciprocity Theorem Page 2

A more useful form of this theorem, applicable to antennas, is found by noticing that for electric

and magnetic fields observed a large distance from a source (e.g., a sphere of infinite radius

surrounding an antenna),

Using the latter relation, the integrand on the left hand side of (10) can be re-written as

(E 1 H 2 E 2 H 1 ) ndS = (n E 1 ) H 2 (n E 2 ) H 1 (11)

= H 1 H 2 H 2 H 1 (12)

= 0 (13)

Hence,

0

J 1 E 2 dv = J 2 E 1 dv 0 (14)

V V

This is the form of the Reciprocity Theorem that is used in the analysis of receiving antennas.

Prof. Sean Victor Hum ECE422: Radio and Microwave Wireless Systems

- Multiverse vs universe; fantasy vs realityUploaded bysam iam / Salvatore Gerard Micheal
- Computer Networks - A Tanenbaum - 5th EditionUploaded byAnoushka Nayse
- Engineering Mechanics Statics 13E - Chapter 07 [Solutions] (Hibbeler).pdfUploaded bypeter123
- Ex07Transition PipeUploaded byjdial9664
- ES 11 First Long ExamUploaded byMarian Galvez-Luis
- AEA 2005Uploaded byJoseph O'Sullivan
- Calculus: An OverviewUploaded byAaditya Raghavan
- MT notesUploaded byWeld Bro Sandeep
- Mathcad - Pipe Rack Structure Wind Design LoadsUploaded byConstantin
- Statistical mechanics lecture notes (2006), L21Uploaded byOmegaUser
- H. Bombin and M.A. Martin-Delgado- Topological Computation without BraidingUploaded byMopadDeluxe
- Griffiths Problems 09.13.pdfUploaded byAlejandroM Alejandro LaZo
- amUploaded bychee pin wong
- S14 FP1 Model redUploaded byGfx Ace
- Mathematics Question Paper 2008Uploaded byastroidclasses
- Solution of SHM1083Uploaded byasha
- 11th-physics-full-answer-key-for-public-exam-2019-question-paper-english-medium.pdfUploaded byMuthuram Karuna
- swapUploaded byswapnilsinha23
- 12 Maths CBSE Exam Papers 2016 Foreign Set 2 AnswerUploaded byAlagu Murugesan
- solutions ch03Uploaded byapi-239280915
- Source Programs for Graphics LabUploaded byvijuprakash
- Notes-01Uploaded byNiteesh
- Example 1.3.xlsUploaded byRamón Ramalho
- Problem Set 1 Solutions 1Uploaded byJuan José Jiménez Vallejo
- ControlUploaded byLuis Atl
- FEM in Geotech Engineering.pptUploaded byRyan Nelson
- IC_Sol_W02D3-0Uploaded byAnupam Majumdar
- KeyCE372HW072018Rev.pdfUploaded byAman Raj Verma
- LectureM12Uploaded byJack Chen
- Question_Report_437.pdfUploaded byVivek Jha

- ece syllabus s7 kannur universityUploaded bygokulnrnnk
- Rank 2000.PDFUploaded bybachan
- CS-Question-Paper-2000.pdf-93.pdfUploaded bybachan
- GATE General Aptitude BookUploaded byMims12
- New Doc 2017-01-27Uploaded bybachan
- Optical Antenna.pdfUploaded bybachan
- 03_ztransUploaded bySıtkı Fırıncı
- is.2180.1988Uploaded byVenugopalan Manaladikalam

- 2009 Review of Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement With NanofluidsUploaded byAnonymous 7BQxlt8c
- Momentum TransportUploaded byHarry
- #01 Major TestUploaded bysuryansh bhanti
- Design Example 5Uploaded byCarlos Rene Mamani Trujillo
- Vibration Versus Bearing Life HandoutUploaded byIwan Kaka Vara
- Interaction Diagram for Columns pUploaded byeph
- CycloneUploaded byYunardi
- Navigation Equations in the Earth Centered Earth Fixed FrameUploaded bytangphamvan
- Prova 1 Resumo ListaUploaded byThomas Kalschne Monteiro
- REC-ERC-78-08Uploaded byRoozbeh GHolizadeh
- tensile.pdfUploaded byzilangamba_s4535
- 1756167690000 Assignemnt No 5 Electromagnetic Wave PropagationUploaded bysaurabh
- Reactor Particle Sizing.xlsUploaded bygrabetty
- Carbon Nanotube-reinforced Composite Plate Using Theory of ElastUploaded byDEEPAK
- Tutorial19 Thermal Stress SwitchUploaded byRoberto Abreu
- Lab 9 (2)Uploaded byBrandon Sookdeo
- 08 2Energy DeflectionUploaded byRavi Sandeep Kumar Kona
- final 07 ex2Uploaded byKaram Fares
- physical science study guideUploaded byapi-368213959
- Analysis of Bolting in Flanged ConnectionsUploaded byFanel Bucur
- Broad Crested Weir Module-3Uploaded byArvin Bhurtun
- Mekanika BahanUploaded byRidhwan Suharyanto
- Proper Bolt Axial Tightening ForceUploaded byPrabhu SelvaRaj
- Heat & Thermodynamics Qns Asked in IITUploaded byBiprodeep14
- Hypersonic AerodynamicsUploaded byBarbara Schlott
- 22.3MB1lecturecourse.4Uploaded bysayed Tamir jan
- Convection Heat TransferUploaded byAadil Khan
- MPE 321 NotesUploaded byLydiah Khasoa
- test-1Uploaded byNaveen Kumar Singh
- kuliah3Uploaded bykuncoro