# Formulae

and Conversion
Factors for
Motion Transfer

P-7293-HD-A4 3/13.... Huco Dynatork 888-829-6637 | +44 (0) 1992 501900 59

v P = Fr . 1000 . m . l . ρ . g 32 32 Fr = μ .. ft2 P power W watt 1/min or r/min n - Rotational speed in rpm p pressure Pa pascal ρ density (mas density) kg/m3 . r M - F . l .n P= M.81) in m/s2 g - Acceleration of free fall M (T) torque Nm Newton metre J - Moment of inertia in kgm2 (9. m . (r2 ext + r2 int) P - Power in kW P - Power in hp 2 2 Fr - Frictional resistance in N Fr - Frictional resistance in lbf = 1 .Formulae and Conversion Factors SI BASE UNITS International System(SI) Imperial System (FPS) Quantity Unit Symbol Name TORQUE length m metre M - F .v P= Solid Cylinder Solid Cylinder η . d4ext = 0. Wor. ρ . l (d4ext .1 ρ .s W - F . ρ . W . m .55 Ma 308 Ma η efficiency 1 .g. π .1 . P time s second n n electric current A ampere M . d4ext 1000 Fr = μ . n2 E modulus of elasticity W= 182.81) in m/s2 m mass kg kilogram n - Rotational speed in WK2- Flywheel effect lb .. ρ . d4ext = π . r2ext Linear motion Linear motion 2 2 P = Fr . n ta = ta = W (E) work (energy) J joule 9. W . 1000 η . ft F force N Newton F - Force in N F - Force in lbf G (W) weight N Newton s - Length of path in m s - Length of path in ft J moment of inertia kgm2 kilogram m - Mass in kg m - Mass in kg metre squared g - Acceleration of free fall (9. ρ . r2ext WK2 = 1 .s=m.. ft Lifting motion Lifting motion MOMENT OF INERTIA m. l (d4ext .n P= Hollow Cylinder Hollow Cylinder 9550 5250 J = 1 . ta - Acceleration or ta - Acceleration or μ coefficient of friction 1 .v P= W. l (d4ext-d4int) = π . r mass kg kilogram 9550 .81) in m/s2 η - Efficiency in decimals v - Velocity in m/s μ - Coefficient of friction η - Efficiency in decimals M - Torque in lbf . P P= P= 5250 . l . (r2 ext +r2 int) WK2 = 1 . r2 ext POWER braking torque in Nm 2 braking torque in lb . JM = motor inertia (kgm2) FR = resonant frequency (Hz) JL = load inertia (kgm2) 60 Huco Dynatork 888-829-6637 | +44 (0) 1992 501900 .Torque in Nm M - Torque in lbf . π . ACCELERATION OR BRAKING TIME σ stress Pa pascal j.n WK2 . W = 98 ρ .d4int) = 0. P-7293-HD-A4 3/13 .d4int) (9. l (d4ext .. 1000 . s Mechanics j .5 5880 (Young’s modulus) Pa pascal W - Work (energy) in Nm = Ws = J W - Work (energy) in lb . l . 33000 J = 1 . ρ . ft Thermodynamic temperature K kelvin F - Force in N F - Force in lbf luminous intensity cd candela r - Radius of lever in m r - Radius of lever in ft P - Power in kW P - Power in hp LETTER SYMBOLS & SI UNITS IN n - Rotational speed in n - Rotational speed in rpm POWER TRANSMISSION ENGINEERING 1/min or r/min Symbol Quantity SI Unit Name WORK Symbol W-F.g. v 33000 = 1 . n2 W= WK2 . braking time in s braking time in s J - Moment of inertia in kgm2 WK2- Flywheel effect in kgm2 FORMULAE n - Rotational speed in n - Rotational speed in International System(SI) Imperial System (FPS) 1/min or r/min rpm Ma- Acceleration or Ma- Acceleration 1 . ft μ - Coefficient of friction n - Rotational speed in rpm torsional stiffness and resonant frequency CT ≤ (FR x 2 π)2 Where M - Torque in Nm ( ) 1 + 1 CT = torsional stiffness ) FR ≤ 1 x n - Rotational speed in 1/min or r/min ( 1 + 1 JM + JL 2π JM + JL x CT (Nm/rad). d4ext Rotary motion Rotary motion M.d4int) m - Mass in kg W - Weight in lb 32 32 g - Acceleration of free fall v - Velocity in ft/min = 98 .

7 x 10-3 0..001 0.in 1Nm = 1 100 0.7 x 10-3 0.233 86.81 x 10-3 1 x 10-3 1 0.656 1m/s = 3.0006215 1in 25.00109 .796 1389 1lbf.61 Ncm = 0.in = 7.370 3.1383 1 LENGTH mm m in ft yds km miles 1mm 1 0.4 x 10-3 28.3 x 10-3 3.9 x 10-6 62.3333 0.3048 5.356 5.35 27.280.82 0.02 x 10-3 7.3048 0.609 26.448 0.3048 12 1 0.667 0.8507 141.04 550 1kgfm/s = 9.613 1 0.0001894 1yd 914.237 196.21 x 10-3 62.933 25 x 10-3 0. 1.in = 0.4470 1 88 1.6 0.5 x 10-3 83.8 x 103 1lbf = 4..346.in ozf.278.000304 0.ft lbf.807 1 1000 0. - 1m 1000 1 39.67 1 7.73756 8.9863 75 542.ft2(WK2) kpms2 ft lbf s2 1kgm2 (mr 2) = 1 4 23.7062 0.370.1844 1lb.360 1.4 x 10-3 1 16.9144 36 3 1 0.2808 1.lbf/s = 1.6 0.281 54.25 1 5.6 1PS = 0.0833 0.07 3.097 18.37 1mile/h = 1.30 x 10-3 31.ft2(WK 2) = 42.0277 0.5 x 10-3 1 POWER kW PS hp kgfm/s ft.4536 453.73 0.288 0.08 x 10-3 11.205 35.597 1kp = 9.807 39.0 737.9113 10.4 0.1 x 10-3 1kpms2 = 9.062 x 10-3 0..15 x 10-3 1 7.23 232.4 x 10-6 0.4161 1kgfm = 9.17 0.2 1ft/s = 1.759.3 x 10-3 1 16 1ozf.3 x 10-3 1tonf (UK) = 9964 1016 1.72 x 10-3 5.87 1.33 x 10-3 13.233 1ft lbf s2 = 1.000914 0.0000158 1ft 304.0 100.10197 0.8 0.6215 1mile .3 x 10-3 0.83 1.984 x 10-3 2.4 0.423 32.5 x 10-3 1 VELOCITY km/h m/min m/s mile/h ft/min ft/s in/s 1km/h = 1 16.84 x 10-3 1.27 1p = 9.1383 1 MOMENT OF INERTIA AND OTHER FLYWHEEL EFFECTS kgm2 (mr2) kgfm2 (GD2) lb.7 x 10-3 37.6 1ft/min = 18.1020 102.7376 1kgfm2 (GD 2) = 0.0936 0.001 0.0033 0.2778 0.376 x 10-3 88.7457 1.1129 11. Huco Dynatork 888-829-6637 | +44 (0) 1992 501900 61 .6214 54.lbf/s 1kW = 1 1.524 25.8 x 10-3 5 83.5 x 10-3 1.81 x 10-3 13.1 x 10-3 0.06 1 16.936 m/min = 0.2248 3. 28. 1000 39.ft = 1.45 5.623 1.4 x 10-3 56.85 3.1686 1 4.000568 1km .82 x 10-3 0.6 60 1 2.1383 1 12 192 1lbf.0000254 0.984 x 10-6 2.0254 1 0.01 1 1.6818 60 1 12 1in/s = 91 x 10-3 1.2 x 10-3 35.3 x 10-3 1 TORQUE Nm Ncm kgfm lbf.7 1 7. Formulae and Conversion Factors FORCE N kp p tonf (UK) lbf ozf 1N = 1 0.014 1 76.8067 980.7355 1 0.609 1 P-7293-HD-A4 3/13.29 11.467 17.093.5 1hp = 0.102 0.02 x 106 1 2240 35.36 x 10-3 1.356 135.5 x 10-6 1 16 1ozf = .68 0.233 1ft.341 102.281 39.609 63.3937 0.

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