Econ 231

Problems on Chapter 4: Supply and Demand

1. Which of the following would not be a determinant of the demand for a particular good?
a. prices of related goods
b. income
c. tastes
d. the prices of the inputs used to produce the good

2. If a good is normal, then an increase in income will result in
a. an increase in the demand for the good.
b. a decrease in the demand for the good.
c. a movement down and to the right along the demand curve for the good.
d. a movement up and to the left along the demand curve for the good.

3. If Francis experiences a decrease in his income, we would expect that, as a result,
Francis’s demand for
a. each good he purchases will remain unchanged.
b. normal goods will decrease.
c. luxury goods will increase.
d. inferior goods will decrease.

4. Two goods are substitutes if a decrease in the price of one good
a. decreases the demand for the other good.
b. decreases the quantity demanded of the other good.
c. increases the demand for the other good.
d. increases the quantity demanded of the other good.

5. Two goods are complements if a decrease in the price of one good
a. decreases the quantity demanded of the other good.
b. decreases the demand for the other good.
c. increases the quantity demanded of the other good.
d. increases the demand for the other good.

6. Ford Motor Company announces that it will offer $3,000 rebates on new Mustangs
starting next month. As a result of this information, today’s demand curve for Mustangs
a. shifts to the right.
b. shifts to the left.
c. shifts either to the right or to the left, but we cannot determine the direction of the shift
from the given information.
d. will not shift; rather, the demand curve for Mustangs will shift to the right next month.

7. Suppose you like to make, from scratch, pies filled with banana cream and vanilla
pudding. You notice that the price of bananas has increased. How would this price increase affect
your demand for vanilla pudding?
a. It would decrease.
b. It would increase.
c. It would be unaffected.
d. There is insufficient information given to answer the question.

Refer to Figure 4-2. b. a normal good. and gasoline is a normal good. Figure 4-2 12. c. 9. a substitute good. b. The supply of rice will increase. then the good is a. a. If a decrease in income increases the demand for a good. an inferior good. The demand for rice will decrease. c. a decrease in demand. b. d. d. d. 10. an increase in quantity demanded. d. an increase in demand. Public service announcements are run on television. All of the above are correct. and gasoline is an inferior good. the market demand for the good in question increases. The demand for rice will increase. 11. the demand curves of the individual demanders in the market are unaffected. encouraging people to walk or ride bicycles instead of driving cars. Income of gasoline buyers falls. c. What will happen in the rice market if buyers are expecting higher rice prices in the near future? a. a decrease in quantity demanded. a complement good. b. Which of the following events could shift the demand curve for gasoline to the left? a. When the number of buyers in a market increases. The shift from D to D1 is called a. the market demand curve shifts to the right. The price of gasoline rises. b. Income of gasoline buyers rises. The demand for rice will be unaffected.8. d. c. c. .

a rightward shift of the supply curve for televisions. a leftward shift of the supply curve for televisions. b. d. supply curve to the right. 17. b. a movement down and to the left along the supply curve for televisions. lead to increase. A movement along the supply curve might be caused by a change in a.00 an hour it is likely that the a. a flattening of the supply curve for televisions. the price of the good or service that is being supplied. b. negative. 15. c. 18. Lead is an important input in the production of crystal. d. expectations about future prices. demand curve to the left. The relationship between price and quantity supplied is a. supply curve to the left. . b. crystal to decrease. d. If the price of lead decreases. positive. 16. If the federal government increases the minimum wage by $1. supply of bicycles will shift to the left. c. c. not well understood by economists because laboratory-type experiments have not been conducted 14.13. c. b. A technological advance will shift the a. input prices. c. supply of bicycles will shift to the right. technology. A decrease in the supply of televisions is represented by a. d. c. crystal to increase. crystal to be unaffected. demand curve to the right. other things equal. firm must increase output to maintain profit levels. we would expect the supply of a. d. d. Workers at a bicycle assembly plant currently earn the mandatory minimum wage. demand for bicycle assembly workers will increase. the same as the relationship between price and quantity demanded. b.

b. c. Refer to Figure 4-7. there would be a surplus of 400 units. Equilibrium price and quantity are. a surplus would exist and the price would tend to fall from $35 to a lower price. $4 and 40. an excess demand would exist and the price would tend to fall from $35 to a lower price. c. At a price of $35. Refer to Figure 4-7. $35 and 200. b. 21. Table 4-2 PRICE QUANTITY DEMANDED QUANTITY SUPPLIED $10 10 60 $8 20 45 $6 30 30 $4 40 15 $2 50 0 23. a. a. b. a shortage would exist and the price would tend to fall from $35 to a lower price. The equilibrium price and quantity. are a. c. $35 and 600. there would be a surplus of 200 units.Figure 4-7 20. respectively. At a price of $35. d. $25 and 400. $6 and 30. a. there would be an excess supply of 200 units. b. Refer to Figure 4-7. d. there would be a shortage of 400 units. $10 and 35. d. c. Refer to Table 4-2. 22. . $8 and 30. respectively. d. a surplus would exist and the price would tend to rise from $35 to a higher price. $15 and 200.

c. Refer to Table 4-2. If excess demand exists in a market we know that the actual price is a. D . d. B c. Refer to Figure 4-10. d. surplus of 25 units would exist and price would tend to fall. b. Which of the four graphs represents the market for peanut butter after a major hurricane hits the peanut-growing south? a. 25. below equilibrium price and quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded. A b.24. b. C d. c. shortage of 25 units would exist and price would tend to rise. surplus of 10 units would exist and price would tend to fall. above equilibrium price and quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded. Figure 4-10 26. above equilibrium price and quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied. a a. below equilibrium price and quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied. surplus of 50 units would exist and price would tend to fall. If the price were $8.

Equilibrium quantity would increase. 31. C d. less of good B being sold. more of good A being sold. 32. equilibrium price to increase and equilibrium quantity to decrease. but the impact on the amount sold in the market would be ambiguous. a decrease in the demand for printers and a decrease in the quantity supplied of printers. c. an increase in supply and a decrease in demand c. Refer to Figure 4-10. Suppose buyers of computers and printers regard those two goods as complements. . d. b. b. more of good B being sold. a decrease in the supply of printers and a decrease in the quantity demanded of printers. but the impact on the amount sold in the market would be ambiguous. we would expect a. d. c. c. A b. If the demand for a product decreases. a decrease in supply and an increase in demand d. d. Both equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity would increase. Which of the four graphs represents the market for pizza delivery in a college town as we go from summer to the beginning of the fall semester? a.27. equilibrium price to decrease and equilibrium quantity to increase. Which of the four graphs represents the market for winter coats as we progress from winter to spring? a. A b. B c. then an increase in the price of good A will result in a. equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity to both increase. The equilibrium price would decrease. no difference in the quantity sold of either good. What would we expect to happen in the market? a. B c. b. d. The equilibrium price would increase. Refer to Figure 4-10. If goods A and B are complements. a decrease in the equilibrium price of printers and an increase in the equilibrium quantity of printers. but the impact on equilibrium price would be ambiguous. Which of the following events would result in an increase in equilibrium price and an ambiguous change in equilibrium quantity? a. Then an increase in the price of computers will cause a. b. an increase in supply and an increase in demand b. equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity to both decrease. Suppose the number of buyers in a market increases and a technological advancement occurs also. a decrease in supply and a decrease in demand 33. 30. D 28. c. D 29. an increase in the equilibrium price of printers and a decrease in the equilibrium quantity of printers. C d.

d. What will happen to the equilibrium price of new textbooks if more students attend college. textbook authors accept lower royalties and fewer used textbooks are sold? a. ANSWERS 1 d 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 d 6 b 7 a 8 d 9 a 10 d 11 c 12 b 13 b 14 a 15 d 16 c 17 a 18 c 19 xxxxx 20 c 21 c 22 c 23 b 24 c 25 a 26 d 27 b 28 a 29 c 30 d . What would we expect to occur in this market? a. but the impact on the amount sold in the market would be ambiguous. d. paper becomes cheaper.34. The equilibrium price would increase. but the impact on equilibrium price would be ambiguous. The equilibrium price would decrease. Price will stay exactly the same. Equilibrium quantity would increase. c. The price change will be ambiguous. c. Price will fall. Both equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity would increase. b. but the impact on the amount sold in the market would be ambiguous. 35. Price will rise. b. Suppose the incomes of buyers in a market for a particular normal good decrease and there is also a reduction in input prices.

31 c 32 b 33 a 34 d 35 b .