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MedicalChinese2009Intermediate/Advanced

Class12
1.Vocabulary:Endocrinology
Endocrine (ni)(fn)(m)

Secrete (fn)(m)

, (j)(s),
Hormone
(h)(r)(mng)

Estrogen (c)(j)(s)

, (hung)(t)(s),
Progesterone
(yn)(tng)

Androgen (xing)(j)(s)
(shn)(shng)(xin)(p)(zh)
Cortisol (chn)
AddisonsDisease (i)(d)(shng)(sh)(bng)
(k)(xng)(sh)(zhng)(hu)
, (qn),
CushingsSyndrome
(k)(xng)(sh)(zng)(h)

(zhng)
Buffalohump (shu)(ni)(jin)

Thyroidhormone (ji)(zhung)(xin)(s)
(ji)(zhung)(xin)(j)(nng)
Hyperthyroidism (kng)(jn)(zhng)
(ji)(zhung)(xin)(j)(nng)
Hypothyroidism (d)(xi)(zhng)
Gravesdisease (g)(li)(f)(s)(bng)

(yn)(qi)(t)(ch)(zhng)
Exophthalmos
(t)(yn)(zhng)

Autoimmunedisease (z)(t)(min)(y)(j)(bng)
Parathyroidhormone
(f)(ji)(zhung)(xin)(s)
(PTH)
Growthhormone (shng)(zhng)(j)(s)

HsingChenTsai2009
MedicalChinese2009Intermediate/Advanced Class12

Gigantism (j)(rn)(zhng)

Acromegaly (zh)(dun)(fi)(d)(zhng)
Epinephrine
(shn)(shng)(xin)(s)
Adrenaline
(zhng)(shn)(shng)(xin)
Norepinephrine , (s),
Noradrenaline (q)(ji)(shn)(shng)(xin)

(s)
, (cu)(r)(s),
Prolactin
(m)(r)(j)(s)

DiabetesInsipidus (nio)(bng)(zhng)
Vasopressin , (xu)(gun)(shng)(y)(s),
Antidiuretichormone
(kng)(l)(nio)(j)(s)
(ADH)
Pheochromocytoma (sh)(g)(x)(bo)(li)

Insulinoma (y)(do)(s)(li)

Hypoglycemia (d)(xu)(tng)

Glucose (p)(to)(tng)
(tng)(nio)(bng)(tng)(sun)
DiabeticKetoacidosis
(zhng)(d)
Electrolyte (din)(ji)(zh)

Magnesium (mi)

Potassium (ji)

Sodium (n)

Calcium (gi)

, (d)(gi)(xu)(zhng),
Hypocalcemia
(d)(xu)(gi)(zhng)

2.Smallgroup:translatethefollowingEnglishsentencesintoMandarin

1) Iftoomuchcortisolismade,thepersonmaybeoverweight,havebuffalohumpsandamoon
face.(Cushingssyndrome)

HsingChenTsai2009

MedicalChinese2009Intermediate/Advanced Class12


2) Gravesdiseaseisanimmunedisorderthatattacksthethyroid.Somepatientsmayhave
exophthalmos.

3) Aninsulinoma,apancreatictumor,secretestoomuchinsulinandcancausehypoglycemia.

4) Pituitarytumorsmayleadtoheadaches,visualfielddefectsandcranialnervepalsies.

5) Themostcommonendocrinedisorderisdiabetesmellitus,wheretoomuchglucoseisfoundin
theurine.

6) Adecreaseinestrogenaftermenopausecanleadtoosteoporosis.

7) Ifthereistoomuchthyroidhormoneintheblood,thepatientmayloseweight,experience
tremorsandpalpitations.

8) Apatientwithhypothyroidismmayfeelcoldallthetimeandgainasignificantamountof
weight.

9) Patientswhohaveavasopressindeficiencymaydevelopdiabetesinsipidus.

10) Apatientwithpheochromocytomaproducestoomuchepinephrineandcanhaveincreased
heartrateandbloodpressure.

11) Ifanadultproducesexcessgrowthhormone,he/shemaydevelopacromegaly.

HsingChenTsai2009