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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In mathematics, the limit comparison test (LCT) (in contrast with the related direct comparison test) is a method of testing for

the convergence of an infinite series.

Contents

1 Statement

2 Proof

3 Example

4 One-sided version

5 Example

6 Converse of the one-sided comparison test

7 Example

8 See also

9 References

10 Further reading

11 External links

Statement

Suppose that we have two series and with for all .

Then if with then either both series converge or both series diverge.[1]

Proof

Because we know that for all there is a positive integer such that for all we have that

, or equivalently

As we can choose to be sufficiently small such that is positive. So and by the direct comparison

test, if converges then so does .

Example

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limit_comparison_test 1/3

7/21/2017 Limit comparison test - Wikipedia

We want to determine if the series converges. For this we compare with the convergent series .

One-sided version

One can state a one-sided comparison test by using limit superior. Let for all . Then if with

Example

Let and for all natural numbers . Now does not exist, so we

Let for all . If diverges and converges, then necessarily , that is, . The

essential content here is that in some sense the numbers are larger than the numbers .

Example

Let be analytic in the unit disc and have image of finite area. By Parseval's formula

the area of the image of is . Moreover, diverges. Therefore, by the converse of the comparison test, we

See also

Convergence tests

Direct comparison test

References

1. Swokowski, Earl (1983), Calculus with analytic geometry (Alternate ed.), Prindle, Weber & Schmidt, p. 516, ISBN 0-87150-341-7

Further reading

Rinaldo B. Schinazi: From Calculus to Analysis. Springer, 2011, ISBN 9780817682897, pp. 50 (https://books.google.de/bo

oks?id=VybcUbhGvjsC&pg=PA50)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limit_comparison_test 2/3

7/21/2017 Limit comparison test - Wikipedia

Michele Longo and Vincenzo Valori: The Comparison Test: Not Just for Nonnegative Series. Mathematics Magazine, Vol.

79, No. 3 (Jun., 2006), pp. 205210 (JSTOR (http://www.jstor.org/stable/27642937))

J. Marshall Ash: The Limit Comparison Test Needs Positivity. Mathematics Magazine, Vol. 85, No. 5 (December 2012),

pp. 374375 (JSTOR (http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/10.4169/math.mag.85.5.374.pdf))

External links

Pauls Online Notes on Comparison Test (http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Classes/CalcII/SeriesCompTest.aspx)

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this

site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia

Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limit_comparison_test 3/3

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