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Aviwe K_vmvwn‡Z¨ Avš—R©vwZK cyi¯‹vi 2012

- nvwmbyj Bmjvg

Aviwe K_vmvwn‡Z¨ Avš—R©vwZK cyi¯‹vi (B›Uvib¨vkbvj cÖvBR di GivweK wdKkb) cÖ`vb ïi“ n‡q‡Q 2007 mv‡j|
Aviwe K_vmvwn‡Z¨i cvVK e„w× I K_vmvwnwZ¨K‡`i gv‡S cÖ‡Yv`bv e„w×i gva¨‡g Aviwe mvwnZ¨‡K mg„× Kivi cÖqv‡m GB
cyi¯‹vi cÖ`vb ïi“ nq| GB evwl©K cyi¯‹viwU jÛ‡bi eyKvi cÖvBR dvD‡Ûkb I Aveyavwei AvwgivZ dvD‡Ûk‡bi
mnvqZvq cwiPvwjZ nq| cuvPRb we‡klÁ cÖvq 100wUiI †ekx eB cov ‡kl K‡i cÖ_‡g GKwU `xN© ZvwjKv cÖKvk
K‡ib| G eQi 10 b‡f¤^i †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q 2012 Gi `xN© ZvwjKv †hLv‡b bvg Av‡Q 13wU eB‡qi| wW‡m¤^‡i 6 R‡bi
msw¶ß ZvwjKv †NvlYvi K_v _vK‡jI wgk‡ii eZ©gvb UvjgvUvj Ae¯’vi Rb¨ Zv Rvbyqvix‡Z †NvwlZ n‡e I me‡k‡l 27
gv‡P© weRqxi bvg Rvbv hv‡e| msw¶ß ZvwjKvq _vKv cÖ‡Z¨K mvwnwZ¨K cv‡eb 10,000 Wjvi I weRqx cv‡eb Av‡iv
50,000 Wjvi|

2011 mv‡ji weRqx wQ‡jb 1951 mv‡j gi‡°vq Rb¥MÖnb Kiv †gvnv‡¤§` AvPvwi| Zvi Dcb¨v‡mi bvg w` AvP© GÛ w`
evUvid¬vB| GB Dcb¨v‡m Avgiv BDmyd bv‡gi g‡iv‡°vevmx evg avivi GK †jLK‡K cvB| GB †jL‡Ki Rxeb AvPgKv
cv‡ë †`q GK †ebvgx wPwV| Zvi me ivR‰bwZK wek¦vm, AZxZ Rxeb hvcb Avi wek¦vm `y‡j D‡V| Zvi †Q‡j Bqvwmb eo
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Gev‡ii `xN© ZvwjKvi 13Rb Jcb¨vwmK G‡m‡Qb †jevbb, wgki, wmwiqv, Avj‡Rwiqv, BivK, wZDwbwkqv I RW©vb †_‡K|
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Dcb¨vm Jcb¨vwmK ‡`k
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Lv‡qi Avj-w`b Be‡b Rv`© Beªvwng Avj-Rvi“i RW©vb
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Avj-evmvwZ‡bi bvixiv nvwee †mjwg wZDwbwkqv
eª“Kwjb weª‡R Avwj½b G‡Rw`b †PvKwi wd‡k‡i wgki
‡eKvi bv‡mi BivK wgki
`y:†Li wbkvP‡iiv ‡gvnv‡g` Avj-‡idvB wgki
bvevwZqvi RbMY BD‡md †RB`vb wgki
mgy`ª hvÎv ivwk` Avj-`v‡qd †jevbb
¯§„wZi †cUiv kvi‡ej KvZvb †jevbb
feNy‡i Rveeyi †`vqvBwn †jevbb
‡ej‡MÖ‡Wi Wªy‡Riv ivex Rv‡ei †jevbb
mvigv`v dvw` AvRRvg wmwiqv

ewki gydwZ (1969-) Gi Rb¥ Avj‡Rwiqvi AvjwRqv‡m©| wZwb g~jZ GKRb mvsevw`K I †jLK| Av¸b †Ljbv: GB
Dcb¨v‡mi Kvwnbx ïi“ nq †jLK ewki gydwZ Avi GK inm¨gq e¨w³ iv`v †mvqvwkk Gi mv¶v‡Z| iv`v †mvqvwkk Zvi
AvZ¥Rxebx wb‡q nvwRi nq| †m Zvi evevi gZ AvÛviIqv‡ì©i m`©vi n‡Z bv PvB‡jI fv‡M¨i cwiµgvq †mI n‡q c‡o
GK we‡kl ‡Mvcb `‡ji †bZv| †mvqvwkk fvjgZB RvbZ, mËi Gi `k‡K Zviv evev ‡`v`©Û cÖZv‡c Pj‡jI Avwki
`k‡K G‡m AvZ¥nZ¨vi Avkªq †bq|

nvIiv Avj-bv`vwq (1984-) evm K‡ib jÛ‡b, wZwb Aek¨ BivwK| Zvi Qq eQi eq‡m Zvi cwievi Zv‡K wb‡q BivK
†Q‡o †Wbgv‡K© †cuŠ‡Q| ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y Zv‡`i‡K †`k Qvo‡Z nq| Gev‡ii `xN© ZvwjKvi GKgvÎ bvix Jcb¨vwmK|

Zvi †Q‡j‡g‡q. û`v| Avi ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y BivK †_‡K P‡j Avmv GK eq¯‹ e¨w³. wKDevq †¯úbxq-Av‡gwiKvb hy‡× AskMÖnb K‡i| n¨uv. ¯^cœ c~iY Ki‡e| †m ˆei“‡Z wdi‡e| GLb cÖkœ n‡jv: †m wK ¯^cœ‡K ev¯—‡e iƒc w`‡Z cvi‡e? .†Kv‡cb‡n‡M‡bi AvKvkZ‡j: G GK fvjevmvi Kvwnbx| †Kv‡cb‡n‡M‡b BivwK evevgvi Ji‡m Rb¥ †bqv GK wK‡kvix. ivwd`| NUbvi ïi“ GK wPwVi m~Î a‡i| ivwd` û`vi KvQ †_‡K wPwV cvq. †kl‡gl we‡qi ci †m wm×vš— †bq. mvwdqv bv‡gi GK my›`ix wbR Mv‡q Av¸b awi‡q †`q Avi Beªvwng bv‡gi GK e¨w³ cv nvivq| Gici Avgiv hyeK Bqvwnqv‡K AbymiY Kwi| †m wgkixq ivóªcwZ Mvgvj Ave‡`j bv‡m‡ii cÖwZ fvjevmvq 1967 mv‡ji hy‡× †¯^”Qv‡meK wn‡m‡e AskMÖnb K‡i| Aek¨ hy‡×i civRq `ªyZ Zvi ‡gvnve¯’v wd‡K K‡i †d‡j| BD‡md †RB`vb (1958-) wgk‡ii wewe­I‡_Kv Av‡jKRvw›`ªqv Aby‡gvw`Z cvÛywjwc †K›`ª I hv`yN‡ii cwiPvjK| wZwb Aviwe I BmjvwgK ÷vwWR wel‡qi GKRb wbf©i‡hvM¨ cwÛZ| Zvi Dcb¨vm AvRv‡Rj eûj wewµZ I cvVK bw›`Z| bvevwZqvi RbMY: GB Dcb¨v‡m Lªx÷ag© I Bmjv‡gi Avwef©v‡ei c~‡e© ga¨cÖv‡P¨i cÖvPxb Aviwe Rb‡Mvôx bvevwZqvb‡`i Kvwnbx wee„Z n‡q‡Q| Aš—iv‡j †_‡K GB Rb‡Mvôx g~jZ wgk‡i gymwjg R‡qi c_ cÖmvi K‡iwQj| ‡evSvB hvq G Dcb¨v‡m BwZnvm Avi mvwnZ¨ GK n‡q †M‡Q| Aek¨ G Dcb¨vmwU GL‡bv c~‡e©i Dcb¨vm AvRv‡Rj Gi L¨vwZ Qvwo‡q †h‡Z cv‡iwb| ivwk` Avj-`v‡qd (1945-) Gi Rb¥ †jevb‡b Ges wZwb GLb †jevbb wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aviwe mvwn‡Z¨i Aa¨vcK| mgy`ª hvÎv: Dwbk kZ‡Ki wØZxqv‡a© wmwiqvq nvbvnvwb P‡j bZzb wmwiqv iv‡óªi Rb¨| Gmgq dvwim gvbmyi nv‡kg I Zvi eÜz GK cÖfvekvjx †jLK RwR© †RB`vb mwµq Kg©x wn‡m‡e cwiwPwZ cvq| Aek¨ gvbmyi nv‡k‡gi ˆec­weK D‡`¨vM †f‡¯— hvq| wZwb ZLb ˆei“‡Z m`¨ cÖwZwôZ Av‡gwiKvb wek¦we`¨vj‡q †gwWwm‡bi QvÎ| QvÎ ag©N‡Ui Rb¨ Zv‡K Av‡gwiKvq P‡j †h‡Z nq| evevi m‡½ gvbmyi nv‡kg GK bZzb Rxeb ïi“ K‡i| †m Av‡gwiKvq †mbvevwnbx‡Z †hvM †`q. û`vi †Wwbk fvlvq †jLv Dcb¨vm Aviwe‡Z Abyev` Kivi Aby‡iva cvq ivwd`| ivwd` Aek¨ û`v‡K ZLbI ‡P‡b bv| GLb ïi“ nq cwiPq| GLv‡b Avgiv û`vi cvÛywjwc †hgb cv‡ev †Zgwb ivwd‡`i †ivgvw›UK AbyfywZi cwiPqI †`L‡Z cv‡ev| Beªvwng Avj-Rvi“i (1939-) Gi Rb¥ wdwjw¯—‡b| AvUwU Dcb¨v‡mi RbK eZ©gv‡b evm K‡ib RW©v‡b| Lv‡qi Avj- w`b Be‡b Rv`© Gi AmvaviY ågb: DËivwaKvi m~‡Î GK jwi PvjK 25 wgwjqb Wjvi cvq| †m fve‡Z cv‡i bv ‡h †m abx n‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ †m †ek `ª“ZB wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb ey‡S †bq| †hme abx AvZ¥xq GZw`b Zv‡K AMÖvn¨ K‡i G‡m‡Q Zviv Zv‡K GLb mgv`i Ki‡Z ïi“ K‡i| Aek¨ DËivwaKvi †_‡K cÖvß m¤ú` ey‡S wb‡Z †M‡j †m GK Pg‡Ki gy‡LvgywL nq| GwU Lye `ª“Z Pjgvb. GgbwK Zvi wKDevb-Av‡gwiKvb-‡jevwbR ¯¿xI Zvi RM‡Z evm K‡i bv| Giv mevB GKw`b bvq‡Ki †cŠÎxi Rb¥w`‡b Avgwš¿Z nq| GLv‡b bvqK mevB‡K GK `y:LRbK Lei Rvbv‡Z Pvq| bv‡mi BivK Kvq‡iv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi d¨vKvwë Ae AvU©m †_‡K MÖvRy‡qkb K‡ib 1984 mv‡j| wZwb `yevB Avj-ZvdvwKqv g¨vMvwR‡bi m¤úv`K| †eKvi: wgk‡ii ga¨weË cwiev‡ii GK wkw¶Z hye‡Ki Mí| Kvq‡ivq Kv‡Ri Afv‡ei Rb¨ †m Ab¨ AviI A‡b‡Ki gZ `yevB‡q Kv‡Ri †Luv‡R hvq| `yevB‡q †m GK Ab¨ RM‡Zi gy‡LvgywL nq: me †`‡ki gvby‡li wgjb‡gjv †hb| GLv‡b †m eÜzevÜe Avi AvZ¥xq¯^R‡bi KvQ †_‡K wgkª cÖwZwµqvi gy‡LvgywL nq| hLb †m GK wgkixq †g‡qi †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q e‡j eyS‡Z cv‡i ZLwb †m GK i“k cwZZvi Lywb wn‡m‡e e›`x nq| Gfv‡eB Kvwnbx GwM‡q P‡j| ‡gvnv‡g` Avj-‡idvB Kvq‡ivq Ae¯’vbiZ GK ms¯‹…wZ mgv‡jvPK| 1980 mvj †_‡K wbqwgZ Õmvevn Avj-Lv‡qiÕ g¨vMvwR‡b †jLv‡jwL Ki‡Qb| `y:†Li wbkvP‡iiv: bvqK Bqvwnqvi Kvwnbx Av‡Q GB Dcb¨v‡m| ïi“ nq bvq‡Ki ˆkk‡ei wKQz A™¢~Z ¯§„wZ wb‡q| GK kni †_‡K GK e¨w³ nvwi‡q hvq. nvm¨im‡evahy³ Ae‡PZb avivi PjgvbZvq †jLv GK Dcb¨vm| nvwee †mjwg (1951-) G‡m‡Qb wZDwbwkqv †_‡K| Zvi Dcb¨vm I †QvUMí B‡Zvg‡a¨ †ek K‡qKwU BD‡ivcxq fvlvq Ab~w`Z n‡q‡Q| Avj-evmvwZ‡bi bvixiv: GB Dcb¨v‡m wZDwbwkqvi wZDwbk Gi Avj-evmvwZb †Rjvi gvby‡li mvaviY cvwievwiK Rxeb wea„Z n‡q‡Q| gvZ…Zvwš¿K cwievie¨e¯’vi wPÎvq‡b Avgiv e„nËi wZDwbwkqvi Am½wZ¸‡jv eyS‡Z cvwi| wZDwbwkqvi mgv‡R a‡g©i Avo¤^ic~Y© AveiY I wØavMÖ¯— AvaywbKZvi †`vjvPj aiv †`q cvV‡Ki gb‡b| G‡Rw`b †PvKwi wd‡k‡i (1966-) GKRb wgkixq †jLK I K~UbxwZK| Kz‡q‡Z Rb¥ n‡jI eo nb wgk‡i| Kvq‡iv wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K ivóªweÁv‡b MÖvRy‡qkb K‡ib| eª“Kwjb weª‡R Avwj½b: GwU wewfbœ¯—‡i gvby‡li wew”QbœZv‡ev‡ai Kvwnbx| bvqK GLv‡b †Kvb ¯’vb-Kvj-cv‡Î wb‡R‡K †gjv‡Z cv‡i bv| Zvi wØZxq ¯¿x wØgyLx Uvbv‡cv‡o‡b ¶Zwe¶Z- GKw`‡K †ckvMZ DrK‡l©i cÖ‡Póv Avi Ab¨w`‡K ¯^vgxi RM‡Zi KvQvKvwQ †cuŠQvi †Póv| †Q‡ji m‡½ ‡Zgb †Kvb †hvMv‡hvM †hb N‡U bv bvq‡K.kvwãK wKsev AvwZ¥K| bvq‡Ki †cŠÎx RMZ †_‡K wew”Qbœ| bvq‡Ki wgkixq eÜz nVvr GKw`b Dcjwä K‡i.

wb‡Ri ˆkk‡ei in‡m¨i RU Lyj‡Z ïi“ K‡i‡Q| †m Rxe‡bi A_© Luy‡R †c‡Z ïi“ K‡i. ‡mŠ›`h© Avi AvKv•Lv¸‡jv cÖKvwkZ n‡Z _v‡K| . Avi KL‡bv †mme e¨vM wegvbe›`‡ii GK N‡i c‡o _v‡K eûKvj| wKQz GwZg e¨v‡Mi nw`m cvIqv hvq hv‡`i gvwj‡Ki †Kvb †LuvR cvIqv hvqwb| Gnve G‡jg bv‡gi GK e¨w³ ïé wefv‡M G‡m Gme GwZg e¨v‡Mi g‡a¨ cvuPwUi gvwj‡Ki nw`m †ei Ki‡Z `„pcÖwZÁ nq| †m wb‡RI Zvi evev‡K nvwi‡q‡Q Lye ˆkk‡e †jevbb hy‡×| cÖwZwU e¨v‡Mi gv‡S †m GK Kvwnbxi †LuvR cvq| in‡m¨i mgvavb n‡j ‡jevb‡bi hy‡×i Ab¨ GK Mí ejv ïi“ nq| Avi Gfv‡eB Gnve G‡jg eyS‡Z cv‡i. †cÖ‡g c‡o Avi wbR Rxe‡bi Kvwnbxi mgvwß c‡_ G‡m nvwRi nq| Rveeyi †`vqvBwn (1949-) G‡m‡Qb †jevbb †_‡K| mi‡evb wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨ wcGBPwW wWMÖxavix †`vqvBwn †jevbb wek¦we`¨vj‡qi divwm mvwn‡Z¨i Aa¨vcK| feNy‡i: GK hye‡Ki `„wó‡Z Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB †jevb‡bi M„nhy×| †kKo †_‡K wew”Qbœ GB hye‡Ki gva¨‡g Avgiv GK ev¯—e wPÎ †`L‡Z cvB| mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvq ¶Zwe¶Z GK e¨w³i Rxeb hvcb I Ø›Ø dz‡U D‡V‡Q PgrKvifv‡e| GLv‡b Ggb GK e¨w³i wPÎvqb N‡U †h GB mgvR-‡`k-Kv‡j wb‡R‡K GK ewnivMZ wn‡m‡e †`L‡Z cvq| ivex Rv‡ei (1972-) Gi Rb¥ ˆei“‡Z| 2001 mvj †_‡K wZwb ÕAvj-nvqvZÕ cwÎKvi mvßvwnK mvs¯‹„wZK †µvocÎ ÕAvdvKÕ Gi m¤úv`K| †ej‡MÖ‡Wi Wªy‡Riv: 1860 mv‡j gvD›U †jevb‡b M„nhy‡×i ci WªyR m¤cÖ`v‡qi GK`j †hv×v eva¨ nq mgy`ªc_ cvwo w`‡q A‡Uvgvb mvgªv‡R¨i evB‡i †ej‡MÖ‡W Avkªq wb‡Z| GK mn‡hv×v‡K D×v‡ii Avkvq Zviv ‰ei“Z †_‡K e›`x K‡i wb‡q hvq nvbv BqvKze bv‡gi GK wLª÷vb‡K †h Avm‡j GK mvaviY wWg we‡µZv| †ePviv ZLb e›`‡i e‡mwQj| GB Dcb¨v‡m Avgiv GB `jwUi †eu‡P _vKvi jovB †`L‡Z cvB| Zviv ejKvb A‡j wKfv‡e Rxeb msMÖvg K‡i †mB wPÎ cvB| dvw` AvRRvg (1983-) Gi Rb¥ wmwiqvq| `v‡g¯‹ Gi d¨vKvwë Ae AvU©m †_‡K MÖvRy‡qkb mgvß K‡ib| wZwb wewfbœ Aviwe cwÎKvq ‡jLv‡jwL K‡ib| mvigv`v: c¨vwi‡m WKz‡g›Uvwi wdj¥ cÖwWDmvi ivwd AvRwg GK A™¢~Z gwnjvi †`Lv cvb| gwnjv mie‡bi c`v_© weÁv‡bi Aa¨vcK| gwnjv AvRwg‡K Rvbvb †h c~e©R‡b¥ wZwb wmwiqvi mvigv`v bv‡gi GK MÖv‡g Ggb GK gwnjvi Rxeb hvcb K‡iwQ‡jb †h Avm‡j fvB‡`i nv‡Z Lyb n‡qwQj| LybUv n‡qwQj cwiev‡ii m¤§vb evuPv‡bvi Rb¨| Ggb Kvwnbx ï‡b AvRwg Zvi wbR kn‡i wd‡i hvb Ges Ab¨ GK RM‡Zi Aw¯—Z¡ Luy‡R cvb hv GZw`b Zvi `„wói Aš—iv‡j wQj| ax‡i ax‡i †mB kn‡ii ˆØZ Rxeb. †Mvcb K_v.kvi‡ej KvZvb (1970-) Gi Rb¥ `w¶Y †jevb‡b| ¯§„„wZi †cUiv: ‰ei“Z wegvbe›`‡i gvwjKnxb e¨vM Rgv nq| †mm‡ei gvwj‡Ki †LuvR †bqv nq| KL‡bv gvwj‡KivB G‡m nvwRi nq.