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INDIAN HISTORY- IMPORTANT PERSONALITIES

1. Robert Clive

2. Joseph Dupleix

3. Farrukhsiyar

4. Alivardi Khan

5. Siraj-ud-Daulah

6. Shuja-ud-Daulah

7. Shah Alam II

8. Mir Jafar

9. Mir Qasim

10. Warren Hastings

11. Ahmad Shah Abdali

12. Baji Rao

13. Balaji Baji Rao

14. Peshwa Madhavrao

15. Hyder Ali

16. Tipu Sultan

Lytton. Lord Macaulay 27. Lord Ripon. Philip Spratt.resolution of 1870 24.first Indian member of the ICS 31.lifted the restrictions on the Indian press in 1835 22. Lord Dufferin.first Indian member of the Imperial Legislative Council . Satyendranath Tagore.Meerut Conspiracy Case 29. introduced a comprehensive scheme of village schooling 28. Metcalfe. Ilbert Bill controversy 25.resolution of 1882.LG of NW province in 1843. General Bakht Khan 20.17.Safety Valve Theory 26. Satyendranath Sinha.Vernacular Press Act of 1878 23. Cornwallis 19. Benjamin Francis Bradley. Cornwallis (GG 1798-1805): First to bring into existence and organize the civil services 21. James Thomson. Hastings 18. Mayo.Meerut Conspiracy Case 30.

and opened branches of Brahmo Samaj outside Bengal. Keshub Chandra Sen: Appointed ‘Acharya’ of Brahmo Samaj by D. to train a cadre of selfless workers who were to devote their lives to the cause of the country as a religious spirit. Raja Rammohun Roy: Brahmo Samaj. said: ‘Knowledge without action is useless’.Bengal Renaissance. such as praising rational teachings of other religions and promoting inter-caste marriages. and said that all religions were one. and especially girls. for India. Believed in classless. believed in rationalism. promoted monotheism and opposed idolatry. and also carry out charitable work for all. fusion of Hinduism and Islam was the only hope. Dayanand Saraswati: Established Arya Samaj. wrote ‘Satyarth Prakash’. so dismissed him in 1865. sati abolition (achieved via act in 1829). humanism. Opposed idol worship . KCS then founded the ‘Brahmo Samaj of India’. with no consideration for caste. Set up the Satyashodhak Samaj. Gopal Krishna Gokhale: Founded ‘The Servants of India Society’. The key difference between this Samaj and other contemporaneous movements was that the leadership here was provided by the lower castes themselves. whereas DT’s branch came to be known was ‘Adi Brahmo Samaj’. great internationalist (supported Spanish. Aimed to bring a band of monks who would practice a life of renunciation and practical spirituality. Tattvabodhini Sabha (just say early social reformer. Popularized the movement. service of man = service of God. whose main aim was to train national missionaries for the service of the nation. casteless society. against Rama ‘of the upper castes’ 37. He aimed at complete abolition of the caste system. but launched a frontal attach on later Hindu texts and on Hindu orthodoxy. Jyotiba Phule: Born in a low-caste Mali family. Akshay Kumar Dutt. Used Ramakrishna Mission for humanitarian relief and social work 41. 40. rationalist. promoter of women’s education. Socio-Religious Movements: 32. i. irish revolutions 33. Ramakrishna Paramhansa: Preached the universal message of Vedanta. Narendranath Dutta: Swami Vivekananda. In 1866. creed. Gave the slogan ‘Back to the Vedas’.In 1863. gender etc. he helped found the ‘Prarthana Samaj’ in Bombay. Tagore. accorded the highest priority to education of the depressed classes.e. Gopal Hari Deshmukh ‘Lokahitwadi’: Just your regular social reformer 38. led a movement against the brahminical domination of Hindu society. 35. Tagore didn’t like his radical ideas. preached that we should learn the best (and rational) practices from all religions. and spread the word further. whose main aim was spread of education among the depressed classes. and religious universalism) 36. Debendranath Tagore: Leader of Tattvabodhini Sabha and Brahmo Samaj 34. Believed in supremacy of the vedas. also said. SIS made many efforts to improve Indian education 39. and Raja Bali was used as a rallying symbol. D.

V. M. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar: Cited Vedas to prove that Hindu religion sanctioned widow remarriage. one caste. Syed Ahemd Raibarelvi: Founder of Wahabi movement 49. Sarojini Naidu 52. secretary of the famous Bethune School for Girls 43.historian (economic critique) Early nationalists: 54. Sri Narayan Guru: Kerala. worked significantly to the Temple Entry Movement 47. Syed Ahmed Khan 50. demanding the lifting of ban on entry of lower castes into temples 44. one God for mankind’ 45. Sri Narayan Guru: Worked among the untouchable toddy-trapper Ezhavas of Kerala for their uplift. Raghunath Rao 48. pioneer of women’s education (founded more than 35 schools for women). which was an orthodox Muslim movement that aimed to create a paramilitary force to fight Hindu landlords and the police --- 51. an organization which specialized in taking care of women who were exploited and then discarded by society 46. RC Dutt. Dadabhai Naoroji: Founded East India League in London 55. Ramaswamy Naicker: Organized the Self-Respect Movement. 42. he became the first Indian journalist to be imprisoned for writing an article criticizing a judge of the Calcutta High Court . E. Surendranath Banerjee: founded Indian Association of Calcutta in 1876 (most important pre INC political grouping. ‘one religion. formed to agitate against pro-landlord policies of the British). founded the Seva Sadan in 1885. Rashbehari Ghosh 53. instrumental in getting the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act of 1856. in 1883. Malabari: A Parsi social reformer. Dudu Mian: Key in Faraizi movement.

Prarthana Sabha 58. Badruddin Tayyabji. Bhimji 62. Hamid Ali Khan 63. Sachin Sanyal . 56.with Pherozshah Mehta. Mir Musharraf A. Rashbehari Bose 67. DE Wacha 59. Mohammad Ali 65. Ranade: Poona Sarvajanik Sabha. Maulana Azad 64. Indian National Conference (pre-INC) 57. Hasrat Mohani Early revolutionary terrorists: 66. Pherozshah Mehta: Bombay Presidency Association. founded the pre-Congress Bombay Presidency Association in 1885 61. WC Bonnerjee: First ever president of the INC (1885 session) Some of the earliest Muslims to join the Congress: 60.

Both of the above played a big role in propagating revolutionary terrorism in Bengal after the Swadeshi movement. although Tilak was for social reform. killed a British official responsible for atrocities during the plague  Brits blamed him. one of the most prominent extremist/ radical leaders. Prafulla Chaki 69. early legislator  His name is closely associated with the nationalist fight for the freedom of the press  Joined INC in 1890. Early extremists: 70. Bose later played a part in the Indian National Army as well. inadvertently fanning communal sentiments as well  During Bombay’s bubonic plague of 1896. opposed to moderate views of Gokhale and others  Conflict with Gokhale over Age of Consent Bill. Raj Narain Bose 71. wrote incendiary articles in his newspapers Kesari and Mahratta against British actions of invasive home searches and segregation camps  His followers. Balgangadhar Tilak:  Journalist. Khudiram Bose Threw a bomb on carriage in 1908 etc. demonstrating that INC was going some way towards arousing mass consciousness about civil rights . and he was arrested in 1897  This led to a huge public outrage. 68. Ashwini Kumar Dutta 72. the Chapekar brothers. he didn’t want to come in conflict with orthodox Hindus at that stage of India’s political history  Started using Ganesh Mahotsav and Shivaji Jayanti as political platforms from 1894 onwards. and also provided leadership to the Ghadar movement in Punjab.

swaraj. which was founded by GK Gokhale)  Died during Simon Commission agitations 74. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki threw a bomb at a carriage and killed a white woman. and started the Home Rule League Movement in 1916 73. Lala Lajpat Rai (Punjab)  Popularly known as Punjab Kesari  Follower of Dayanand Saraswati  Deported without trial to Burma in 1907. came into contact with Shyamji Krishna Verma. Lala Hardayal: Ghadr movement 78. swaraj. around 1908 76. national education  Retired from politics after Swadeshi movement. Madam Bhikaji Cama:  Contracted the Bombay Bubonic Plague of 1896  In London. Bipin Chandra Pal  Swadeshi. and these were smuggled into India via the French colony of Pondicherry  Ardent advocate of voting rights for women --- 79. he was charged with sedition and transported to Burma for 6 years  Came back in 1914. The Aga Khan: One of the earliest proponents of the idea of the Muslim League (eventually founded under the aegis of some Nawab somewhere) . but allowed to return for lack of evidence  Founded Servants of the People Society (different from ‘Servants of India Society’. national education  Retired from politics after Swadeshi movement. rejoined the Congress after publicly denouncing violence. founder of India House in London. boycott. VO Chidambaram Pillai (Madras)  Disciple of Tilak  Founded Swadeshi Shipping Company in early 1900s  Arrested for sedition in 1908 77. boycott. who was known for trying to rally Indians abroad  They together found India Home Rule Society in London  Later established Paris India Society  Published Bande Mataram and Madan’s Talwar. around 1908 75. Tilak wrote articles defending the revolutionaries  For this.  In 1908. Aurobindo Ghosh (Bengal)  Swadeshi.

in a province where 92% population was Muslim. C. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan: ‘Frontier Gandhi’. J. 80. largely due to his work. worked in Peshawar via his volunteer brigade called ‘Khudai Khidmatgars’/ ‘Red Shirts’ who were pledged to the idea of freedom struggle and non- violence. MA Ansari 92. contributed substantially to the CDM. Das 82. This response. SA Dange: Another communist leader 95. Santi Ghosh. contributed to CDM and was sent to life imprisonment in 1932 . MN Roy: Founded the CPI in 1920 in Tashkent 94.Champaran Satyagraha 85. Kriplani. Kalpana Dutt. Vallabhai Patel 91. Motilal Nehru 87. Acharya Narayan Dev 83. under the banner of Indian Republican Army 96. Rajendra Prasad: (was also involved in the Champaran satyagraha) 93. the Garhwal Rifles refused to fire on unarmed demonstrators. Rani Gaidinliu: worked in Manipur and Nepal. C.R.B. Saifuddin Kitchlew 81. Pritilata Waddedar. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Swarajists: 86. Suniti Chanderi. CR Das 88. Rajagopalachari 90. Surya Sen: Chittagong Armoury Raid. Ajmal Khan No-changers: 89. Bina Das: involved in revolutionary terrorism with Surya Sen 97. shook the British administration 98. Shyama Prasad Mukherji 84. during CDM.

M. Rajbanshis Atal Bihari Vajpayee ABV was the 11th PM of India. Malabari 110. Aruna Asaf Ali 105. Chittur Singh 118. part of Kisan Sabha movement. Sido and Kanhu 115. Biswas brothers 120. Sucheta Kriplani --- Communist leaders. Achyut Patwardhan 104. but before QIM 100. 99. Sewaram 117. Gomdhar Konwar 116. his birthday (December 25) was declared ‘Good Governance Day’ Achievements in second term in office (1998-99. Mirza Ghulam Ahmed 113. Vinoba Bhave: First person to offer individual satyagraha that was launched by Gandhi after first world war started. left the AIKS during the Second World War because of split 106. Chakra Bisoi 114. Madari Pasi 121. Jaiprakash Narain 103. Stafford Cripps Ran underground movements during the Quit India Movement 101. CN Mulaidar 112. Indulal Yagnik. Swami Sahajanand Saraswati --- 109. 13 months):  1998: India conducted 5 nuclear tests in Pokharan (Operation Shakti)  Lahore summit:  Vajpayee began a push for a full-scale diplomatic peace process with Pakistan  Inauguration of the Delhi-Lahore bus service in February 1999 . Radhakant Deb 111. NG Ranga 108.Kheda Satyagraha 107. Baba Ram Singh 119. Usha Sharma: started an underground radio in Bombay at the time of QIM 102. and the first non-Congress PM to stay in office for a full 5-year term (during his third term)  In 2015.

who was responsible for several terrorist acts against India (including the later. free market reforms to reinvigorate India's economic transformation and expansion that were started by the former PM Narasimha Rao but stalled after 1996 due to unstable governments and the 1997 Asian financial crisis. ‘Abhyudaya’. gave up his law practise in 1911. He was 4-time president of the INC (only leader to hold that distinction before independence). and Kolkata. relying on society’s support for sustainence. Also addressed as Mahamana. hence ‘Malviya’  Coined the slogan Satyamev Jayate  Journalistic career: was editor of ‘Indian Opinion’. ‘Hindustan Times’  Law practise: Practised in Allahabad court.all increased foreign capital investment and set in motion an economic expansion  In 2001. and politician. improvements in infrastructure. fought the Chauri-Chaura case as a one-off in 1924 . to work more actively in promoting the spread of education. Chennai. expanded trade relations and mutual friendship and envisaged a goal of denuclearised South Asia  This eased the tension created by the 1998 nuclear tests  Kargil war in 1999 played a big role in helping him win re-election after AIADMK pulled the plug on the second Vajpayee government  Lost face later in 1999 when an AI flight was hijacked and flown to Qandhar. launched the Sarva Shikhsa Abhiyan  Foreign Policy:  Agra summit with Musharraf (failure)  Improved Sino-Indian relations by recognizing Tibet as part of China (which in return accepted Sikkim as a part of India) Madan Mohan Malviya MMM was an educationalist. in five years. social reformer. 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament) Third term (full 5 years):  Pet infra projects: National Highway Development Project and Pradhanmantri Gram Sadak Yojana. however. and proclaimed that he was going to follow Sanyasa forver. ‘Maryada’. India had to free Maulana Masood Azhar. Increased competitiveness. Mumbai. connecting Srinagar-Kanyakumari and Porbandar-Silchar (Assam) respectively  The UPA government in 2013 admitted before the Supreme Court that the NDA regime.  Ethnically from Malwa (MP). journalist. high rate of road construction  Phase 1 of NHDP saw construction of the Golden Quadrilateral connecting Delhi. investments and corporate laws .  Lahore Declaration espoused a commitment to dialogue. this was completed in 2012  Phase 2 built NS and EW corridors. constructed nearly half the total length of national highways laid during the last 32 years  Vajpayee promoted pro-business. extra funding and support for the information technology sector and high-tech industries. lawyer. deregulation of trade.

within the general electorate and not by creating a separate electorate  Left INC in 1934 to protest Communal Award which gave separate electorates based on religious lines and was one of the first members of the Hindu Mahasabha B. He stressed on money investment in the agricultural industry as the primary industry of India. The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional legislatures. economist. He proved the importance of price stability than exchange stability. Ambedkar (on behalf of the depressed classes among Hindus) and Malviya (on behalf of the other Hindus). (Also: Poona Pact (1932). He was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India. He supported economic and social development of the society for nations progress. which is the largest residential university in Asia  In 1916. He worked for the eradication of caste barriers in temples and other social barriers. According to him the industrialization and agricultural industry growth could enhance the economy of the nation. Ambedkar was an Indian jurist. However. and residential facilities as the basic amenities. This commission had sparked great protests across India. an agreement known as Poona Pact was signed between Dr. he was opposed to the politics of appeasement and the participation of Congress in the Khilafat movement  In 1932. Ambedkar himself wrote a separate set of recommendations for the future Constitution of India Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue an Economics doctorate degree abroad. conversion to Buddhism) . He also emphasised on education.  Played an important part in the removal of untouchability and in giving direction to the Harijan movement.R. women and labour. its origin and solution (1923)" reveals the factors responsible for Rupee fall. opposed separate electorates for Muslims under the Lucknow pact in 1916  Was a delegate at the First Round Table Conference in 1930  Was an important figure in the Non-cooperation movement. Ambedkar Dr. till 1926  Founded BHU in 1916. politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables (Dalits). proposal was revoked  He was a moderate leader. founded the Ganga Mahasabha in retaliation to British plans to make a dam on the river. His DSc thesis "The problems of Rupee. and while its report was ignored by most Indians. and made massive efforts for the entry of so called untouchables into any Hindu temple  He remained a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1912 and when in 1919 it was converted to the Central Legislative Assembly he remained its member as well. public hygiene. community health. He was appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to work with the all-European Simon Commission in 1925. He analysed the silver and gold rate exchange and its effect on Indian economy.