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# A barometer indicates pressure

A pressure of one atmosphere = 14.7 psi
Above 65800 ft temperature increases by 0.303 deg /1000 ft up to 115000 ft
Above the tropopause, air pressure decreases exponentially
As air gets colder the service ceiling of an aircraft increases
As altitude, increases pressure decreases exponentially
As height increases with AOA and speed constant lift decreases
As the altitude, increases what happen to the ratio of nitrogen to oxygen stay the same
At high altitudes as altitude increases, pressure decreases exponentially
At sea, level ISA atmospheric pressure is 14.7PSI
Stratosphere commence approximately 3600ft
Tropopause is at 36000 ft
Density changes with altitude at a rate which changes with altitude
IAS at the point of stall vary with height? it is practically constant
If a pilot changes the altimeter setting from 30.11 in Hg to 29.96 in.Hg what will be the approx. change in indication?
altimeter will indicate 150 feet lower
If density is kept constant the dynamic pressure increases proportionally with the square of the velocity
If gauge pressure on a standard day at sea level is 25 PSI the absolute pressure is 39.7 PSI
If pressure is kept constant and temperature, increases the density decreases
If temperature in a gas is kept constant and pressure increases the density increases
In the ISA the Height of the tropopause is 11000 meters
In the ISA the sea level pressure is taken to be 1013.2 mb
in the ISA the temperature rate with altitude is taken to be linear
In which of the following conditions will air density be heighest? cold dry day at sea level
Isa standard sea level density is 1.225 kg/m3
Lapse rate usually refers to temperature
moisture in the air reduces air density
On a very hot day with ambient temperature higher than ISA the pressure altitude is 20,000 ft. how much will the
density altitude be greater than 20,000 ft
Charles law volume of a gas decreases proportionally with a decreases in temperature
Sequence: troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere
Sea level pressure is 29.92 inHg
Sea level temperature is 15 C ֯
Sea level temperature is 59 ˚ F
Temperature above 36000 feet will remain constant
The amount of water vapor capacity in the air (humidity holding capacity of the air is) greater on a hotter day and lower
on a colder day
The atmospheric zone where the temperature remains constant is called the Stratosphere
The international standard atmosphere can be describes as the atmosphere which can be used worldwide to provide
comparable performance results
ISA is taken from 45˚ latitude
The local speed of sound at an altitude can be expressed by 20.05 x square root of temperature at that altitude in
kelvin
Millibar is a unit of barometric pressure
The oxygen content of the lower atmosphere is 21 % by volume

The speed of sound in the atmosphere changes with a change in temperature
The temperature lapse rate below the tropopause is 2 ˚ / 1000 ft
The temperature of the lower stratosphere remain constant
The temperature to which humid air must be cooled at constant pressure to become saturated is called dew point
The unit of density is Kg/Kl
The unit of the density of the air (I) and the force (II) are (I) KG/m3, (II) N
under international standard atmosphere conditions the temperature at 1500 ft should be approximately -15 ˚ C
under what condition is indicated altitude the same as true altitude at sea level in standard condition (ISA)
Viscosity of a gas is affected by changes in temperature
what approximate % of oxygen is in the atmosphere ? 21%
What are the standard temperature and pressure values for sea level?15 ˚ C and 29.92 inHg
What happens to the density of air as altitude is increased? decreases
What is absolute humidity? the actual amount of the water vapour in a mixture of air and water
what is sea level pressure 1013.2 mb
What is the absolute pressure if the guage pressure at ISA condition reads 15lb/in2 29.7lb/in2
What is the collective name of mesosphere, thermosphere and exposphere ionosphere
What is the lapse rate with regards to temperature?1.98 ˚ C / 1000 ft
What is the temperature in comparison to ISA conditions at 30,000 ft? -45 ˚ C
When the pressure is half of that at sea level what is the altitude? 18000 ft
Which condition is the actual amount of water vapours in a mixture of air and water? absolute humidity
Which has the greater density? air at low altitude
Which is the ratio of the water vapours actually present in the atmosphere to the amount that would be present if the
air were saturated at the prevailing temperature and pressure? relative humidity
Which of the following is corrent? absolute pressure = guage pressure + atmospheric pressure
Which statement concerning heat and or temperature is true? temp is a measure of kineticl energy of the molecules of
any substance
which will weight the leasr 35 parts of dry air and 65 parts of water vapours
with an increase in altitude under ISA condition the temp in the troposphere decrease
with increasing altitude pressure decreases and temp decreases but at a lower rate than pressure reduces

A high aspect ratio wing has c. more turbulent 05. 2 04. A delta wing has a. A camber aerofoil with zero AOA will flight produce a. Airofoil after reaching mcrit becomes b. less lift 09. A delta wing aircraft flying at the same speed (subsonic) and AOA as a swept wing aircraft of similar wing area will produce a. reduce boundry layer seperation drag when shockwave form 11. A high aspect ratio wing a. has long span and long chord c. A function of vortex generators in the transonic regime is to b. has less induced drag than a low aspect ratio wing 12. A decrease in incidence towards the wing tip may be provided to a. For a high lift aerofoil. camber reffers to c. approx 2/3 of lift obtained 08. A high aspect ratio wing is a wing with a. both upper and lower cambers 03. A body is placed in a certain airstream. long span. some lift and some drag 06. retain lateral control effectiveness at high AOA 07. The density of the air stream decreases to half of the original value the aerodynamic drag will decrease with a factor of c. A SLUG is a unit of a. has a long span and short chord 13. A high aspect ratio wing a. increased induced drag 14. A decrease in pressure over the upper surface of a wing or aerofoil is responsible for c.01. is stiffer than a low aspect ratio wing c. short chord . mass 02. a higher stall angle than a straight wing 10.

reduce spanwise flow on a swept wing thus reducing induced drag 27. A straight rectangular wing without any twist will b. 4 ft 28. high profile and low induced drag 16. the temperature varies constantly 17. stall first at the root 24.000 N 26. less skin friction drag than a turbulent one 19. A wing section suitable for high speed would be . equally both small and large AOA 22. tip 25. A laminar boundry layer is ----. acts as a lift dumping device c.and has ----.drag than a turbulent layer c. static and dynamic pressure 21. 7. small AOA b. have less AOA at the tip b. A laminar boundry layer is a layer in which a. the camber line 20. have greater AOA at the tip 23.15. A line connecting the leading and trailing edge midway between the upper and lower surface of a aerofoil.000 N of lift at 100 knots assuming the wing remains at the same AOA and remain at the same altitude how much lift will it develop at 300 knots a. 90. A straight rectangular wing with out any twist will a. This definition is applicable for b. thinner less 18. A swept wing tends to stall first at the a. A high aspect ratio will give a. no velocity components exist normal to the surface b. A wing fence a. A stoc kstall occurs at a. A wing developed 10. A laminar boundry layer will produce c. A wing has a span of 50 feet and an area of 200 sq ft it means chord would be a. A oving mass of air possess kinetic energy as object placed in the path of such a moving mass of air will be subjected to b.5 ft c.

An aircraft flying in ground effect will produce b. Aerodynamic forces and moments exterted on a body moving through a fluid stem from two sources c. All the factors that effects the lift produced by an aerofoil are b. All the lift can be said to act through the b. aerofoil efficiency is defined by a.aerofoil shape. air density 36. profile drag equals induced drag b. An aircraft in straight and level flight is subjected to a.15 43. An aircraft flying straight and level if density halves aerodynamic drag will a. + ve air pressure below the wing surface ad -ve air pressure above the wing surface 38. center of pressure 37. Airflow at subsonic speed is taken to be b. AOA. a load factor of 1 b. An aeroplane wing is designed to produce lift resulting from relatively c. A wing with a very high aspectratio (in comparison with a low aspect wing ) will have c. An aircraft is traveling at a speed of 720 nautical miles /hr to calculate speed in MPH you c. the keel surface moves the aircraft nose in the direction of the side slip 41. thin with little or no camber 29.a. Velocity. pressure distortion and shear stress distribution 31. a load factor of ½ 42. Aeroplane drag in straight and level flight is lowest when a. After the transition point between the laminar and turbulent boundry layer a. more lift than a similar aircraft outside of the ground effect 39. lateral axis . induced drag is lowest 33. decreases by a factor of two 40. multiply by 1. An aircraft in a bank side slips b. wing area. the mean speed and friction drag increases 34. an aircraft pitches around the b. lift over drag 32. incompressible 35. lower stall speed 30.

12 LBs 53. static pressure increases and velocity decreases 56. stall 50. less efficient 49. An aircraft wing with an aspect ratio of 6:1 is proportional so that b. As the AOA increases the stagnation point . the area id 8 time the span c. increase with an increase in all up weight 45. an aircraft stall speed b. As mach number increases what is the effect on boundry layer? c. As airflows over the upper cambered surface of an aerofoil what happenes to velocity and pressure? c. the increased speed of air passing over the aerofoils upper surface decreases the pressure thus creating a greater pressure difference between upper and lower surface 52.44. the wing span is 6 times the mean chord 46. mean chord 8 47. An increase in the speed at which an aerofoil pass through the air increases lift because a. velocity increases pressure decreases 57. move forward towards the leading edge 55. If speed is increased to 20kts the drag would be a. An engine which produces an efflux of high speed will be a. an increase in the speed at which an aerofoil passes through the air increases lift because b. An untapered straight wing will b.4 flows through a divergent duct c. An aspect ratio of 8:1 would mean c. an increase in drag accompanied by a sudden loss in lift is known as b. As a general rule if the aerodynamic angle of incidence (AOA) of an aerofoil is slighlyincreased the centre of pressure will b. the increased speed of the airflow creats a greater pressure differential between the upper and lower surfaces 51. stall at the root forst 54. As a smooth flow of aubsonic air at a velocity less than M0. An under carriage leg in fligt produces 3 lbs of drag at 100Kts. An aspect ratio of 8 means a. becomes more turbulent 58. it moves rearward 59. the span is 8 times the mean chord 48. span 64. As the AOA decreases what happens to the centre of pressure? c.

wing span to the mean chord 68.c. increases 65. which of the following is correct? b. increases 70. Aspect ratio of a wing is defiend as the ratio of the c. just before the wing stalls 63. both the pressure difference between top and bottom of the wing increases and the lift increases 61. span squared / wing area 66. at a given CAS as aircraft flying below sea level will have b. increased wing downwash will increase tailplane effectiveness . As the AOA of a wing is increased in level flight c. As the speed of an aircraft increases the profile drag b. square of the wing span to the wing area 69. at low speed a. a lower TAS than at sea level 71. As the AOA of an airfoil increases the centre of pressure c. increases tailplane effectiveness 72. aspect ratio is defiend as c. the C of P and transition point move forward 62. span 2 / area 67. Aspect ratio is given by the formula c. At a constant altitude the AOA as density decreases a. At low speed and high AOA the downwash a. As the AOA increases (up to the stall point). moves towards the lower surface 60. aspect ratio of a wing is defined as the ratio of the c. moves forward 64. AS the AOA of a wing is increased the centre of pressure will reach its most forward position on the wing c.

AOA c. the zero lift AOA of a symmetrical airfoil is b. low 78. –ve (pitch down) 83. compared to the cambered aerofoil. flow towards the root 86. the mass flow remains constant and the velocity V will increase 81. chambers wing selection give -----. Bernoillies theorem states that in a perfect and constant airstream a. during a glide the following forces act on an aircraft c. zero lift and some profile drag 75. the increase in total drag of an aerofoil in transonic flight due to the formation of shock waves 80. Due to adverse pressure gradient. moves towards the lower surfaceof the wing 74. lift. high . airflow over the upper surface of the wing generally b.73. consider a uniform flow of air at velocity V in a stream tube. high 79. equalise the total drag of both ailerons 84. At stall the wing tip stagnation point b. the down going wing stalls first 88. the sum of static pressure and dynamic pressure = stagnation pressure 76. -1g . differential ailerons will b. drag. upper side 82. the sum of static and dynamic pressure is constant 77. Bernoullis equation states that a. Drag is the direction of and lift is perpendicular to the b. If the temperature of the air in the tube is raised a.max CL at relatively ---. At zero AOA a symmetrical wing section (viscous flow) will produce b. compressibility effect is b. consider an aerofoil with a certain camber and +ve AOA. During a turn a. At which location will the highest flow velocities occur? c. weight 87. During invented level flight aircraft accelerometer shows a. relative wind / airflow 85. Considering a +ve camber aerofoil the pitch moment when Cl=0 is c.

75 mach are called c. –ve 97. CL2 and AR (aspect ratio) 92. dynamic pressure = ? c. V=velocity c. For a given aerofoil producing lift where P=pressure. interference drag 93. For a cambered wing section the zero lift AOA will be a. by changing its thickness 94.89. For a given AOA induced drag is b. P1 is greater than P2 and V1 is less than V2 98. cub sonic 96. For a given AOA a swept wing will b. decrease the lift and hence decrease the flexure 95. half the density times true airspeed squared 91. Excluding constants the coefficient of induced drag CDi is the ratio of a. Flexure of a rearward swept wing will a. Fairing are used to decrease a. greater on a low aspect ratio wing . have a lower lift coefficient than an equivalent straight one 99. 1g 90. During straight and level flight an aircraft accelerometer shows b. Finess ratio of a wing can be changed b. Flights at speed between 0 and 0.

For take off you trim the aircraft to its C of G aft limit during the flight a. stall at a higher speed 115. less lift. no change in the value of induced drag 101. take energy from free stream and introduce into the boundry layer 112. decrease 103. frost will disrupt the smooth flow of air over the wing. adversely affecting its lifting capability 114. they are the same 107. improved lateral stability and less total drag 102. Ideally when an aircraft stalls it will . for a given indicated air speed (IAS) a swept wing compared to a straight wing of the same wing area and same AOA produces b. becoming airbone before reaching recommended takeoff speed 110. the weight 105. how is the thickness of an aerofoil section measured? c. Ice formed on leading edge will cause aircraft to c. How will frost on the wing of an aeroplane affect takeoff performance? c. Ground effect b. is only effected up to 1 wingspan from the ground 109. you have to retrim the aircraft for landing 104. Gliding angle is the angle between b. Geometric washout means that c. how do vortex generator works a. the tip of the wing has less AOA than root 106. 2nd has a span of 6m and chord of 1m How do their aspect ratio compare>?# b.100. For any given speed and altitude a decrease in aircraft weight the induced drag will b. Given 2 wing 1st wit ha spna of 12m and chord of 2 m. creates low pressure above the blades 111. Ground effect is most likely to result in which problem? a. as the % of chord 113. ground and the glide path 108. Helecopter rotor baldes create lift by b. for a given IAS an increase in altitude will result in a. Forward motion of a glider is provided by v.

the incidence angel remain fixed 120. IF the density of the air is increased the lift will b.b. IF fluid flow through a venturi is said to be incompressible. pitch nose up 117. ρ1 = ρ2 129. the stalling angel will decrease. the K. If the camber of an aircraft an aerofoil is increased c. the speed of the flow increases at the throught to c. If the C of G is aft of the c of p c. what happens to the coefficient of lift when flaps are deployed c. 16 131. IF the countinuity equation is applicable what will happen to air density if the cross section area of a tube changes (low speed subsonic and incompressible flow) a. increase 123. wing is cambered 124. increase 130. decreases rearward 121. If the AOA is zero but lift is produces the c. a further calculation is required prior to landing to allow for fuel and oil consumption 127. maintain a constant colume flow rate 122. changes in lift produce a pitch moment which acts to increase the change in lift 126. If the AOA is maintained constant . pitch nose down wing remain level and be preceded by buffeting 116. if an aeron is moved downward b.E will increase. IF the IAS is increased by factor of 4. IF the velocity of a mass of air is increased c. If AOA is increased beyond the critical AOA the lift coefficient and the stagnation point moves c. If an aircraft is pitching up b. the stalling angle of the wing is decreased 118. the dynamic pressure will increase and the static pressure will decrease . 2 G 119. c of p will move forward 125. If the AOA of a wing is increased in flight the a. If aswept wing stalls at the tips 1st the aircraft will a. by what factor would the drag increase ? b. if an aircraft has a gross weight of 3000 KG and is then subjected to a total weight of 6000 Kg the load factor will be b. and the stalling speed will decrease 128. If the C of G is calculated after loading as within limits for take off c.

q = dynamic pressure a. In accordance with bernoulies theorm where Pt = total pressure. In a 2 dimentional flow pattern where the streamelines converge the static pressure will c. dtag will be reduced by the factor of a. In a steam tube if density is halved. the drag increases 145. increase the lateral stability 147. In a graph of drag coefficient against AOA. Increasing the wing dihedral of an aircraft will c. decrease 135. just below the stalling angle 142. In flight the C of P by increasing AOA will reach its most forward point on an aerofoil b. 2 137.132. Induced downwash b. decrease 134. IF the weight of an aircraft is increased the induced drag at a given speed a. less than the aircraft angle to the horizontal 143. Increasing air pressure will have the following effect on the drag of an aeroplane AOA OAT and TAS are constant b. stagnation point to move down and aft 146. a straight line co incident with the chord line 138. In a steady climb at a steady IAS the TAS is a. Increasing tha AOA in flight will cause c. will increase 133. PS = static pressure. In a turn induced drag is increased a. reduce the effective AOA of the wing . In straight and level flight the AOA of a swept wing is b. the drag increases 144. In a symmetrical aerofoil the mean camber line is a. decrease 140. as aspect ratio increases the steepness of the curve b. If the wing loading of an aircraft were reduced the stalling speed would b. more than IAS 136. only on the wing with the down going aileron and with an increase in profile drag 139. PT – PS = q 141. Increasing dynamic (kinetic) pressure will have the following effect on the drag of an waeriplane (all other factors of importance remaining constant) c.

induced drag on the wing in level flight c.148. inversly proportional to the square of speed 156. induced drag c. induced drag b. is equal to profile drag at Vmd 151. is greatest at the tip 161. induced drag can be reduced by the use of c. 154. equal to profile drag at Vmd 155. wing fences . fairing at junctions between fuselage and wings 162. Induced drag is a. it is possible to reduce the span wise airflow over swept wing due to adverse pressure gradients by b. Induced drag b. is asociated with the lift generated by an aerofoil 149. interference drag can be reduced using a. Greatest towards the tip and downwash decreases fromtip to root. Induced drag is created by the c. Induced drag c. Induced drag a. induced drag is -----. vortex drag 157. Interference drag can be reduced by the use of c. induced drag is also known as b. Induced drag is c. increase when reducing the wing aspect ratio 152.at root c. span wise flow pattern resulting in the tip vortices 158. Induced drag may be reduced by a. high aspect ratio wings 153. an increase in aspect ratio 160. lowest 159. fairing 163. increase with an increase in aircraft weight 150.

Load factor is the actual lift supported by the wings at any given time b. velocity. when profile drag equals induced drag 176. is caused by wing tip stall 177. the area of the wing the density of the fluid meduum and the square of the velocity 167. Cl and density 165. Longitudinal dihedral is a. perpendicular to the free stream airflow 169. On a symmetrical aerofoil the camber line is c. mean chord is equal to c. divided by the total weight of the aircraft 171. minimum total drag of the aircraft occurs a. landing speed and landing run 173. lift is a function of a. Minimum total drag of an aircraft occurs c. lift on the delta wing aircraft b. the boundry layer on the upper surface of the wing tends to flow c. Lift is the component of the total aerodynamic force which is a. highest at the tip 179. mostly on the top surface 168. towards the tip 178. equal to the chord . Lift is created over a wing because c. On a swept wing aircraft the finest ratio of an aerofoil is c. when profile drag equals induced drag 175. airflow accelerates over the top surface of the aerofoil crearing a reduction in static pressure 166. difference between the wing and tail angle of incidence 172. wing area divided by wing span 174. due to the adverse pressure gradient. Lift is dependent on b. decrease stalling speed. wing area. increases with an increases angle of incidence (AOA) 170.164. Low wing loading a. On a swept wing aeroplane at low airspeed the pitch up phenomenan b. lift is generated by a wing c. on a swept wing aircraft.

. profile drag is -----. at a height equal to the wingspan above the ground 184. QFE refers to b. On decent with constant mach and weight the operational limit that is in danger of being exceeded is a. at low AOAwhen the AOA is increased the C of P will (assume a conventional transport aeroplane) c. skin friction and interference 186. on an asymmetrical wing an increase in the +ve AOA in the normal operationg range will cause the lift and centre of pressure to c. Stall inducers may be fitted to a wing c. increase and move towards the leading edge respectively 181. move forward 182. setting the mean sea level atmospheric pressure in accordance with ICAO standard atmosphere i. the angle between the longitudinal axis of the aircraft and the local horizon 185. Subsonic flow over a cambered airfoil at 4 ᵒ AOA will cause . Streamlining will reduce c. Vmo 183. Stall commencing at the root is preferred coz c. a. setting the mean sea level atmospheric pressure so an altimeter reads the aerodrome altitude above mean sea level 190. in subsonic airflow. at the tip to cause the root to stall first 193. decreasing lift 191. On an asymmetrical signal cover aerofoil.to speed c. proportional 187. on the approach to land. shock induced separation results in. from. profile drag consist of what drag type b. QFE b. airfield pressure 188. QFE refers to a.it provides the pilot with a warning of complete loss of lift 192. from drag 194. ground effect will begin to be felt at c.e 1013 millibars 189.180. Pitch angle is defined as b.

the airflow behind a normal shockwave will b. the subsonic static pressure a. Greatest at the root 205. the angle between the 0. and is greatly affected by changes in airspeed 197. always be subsonic and in the same direction as the original airflow 202. chord line and the relative airflow 209. the AOA where no lift is generated on an asymmetrically aerofoil is a.a. experience an increase in velocity ans a reduction in pressure 204. increases in velocity and reduce in pressure 203. the wing setting angle is commonly known as a.25 chord line of the wing and the lateral axis 196. parallel to the chord line and longitudinal axis . That portion of the aircrafts total drag created by the production of lift is called ? c. -4ᵒ 210. the AOA of an aerofoil section is the angel between the a. the AOA is c. Sweepback of the wing is c. an increase in speed and drop in pressure over the upper surface and an increase in speed and an drop in pressure over the lower surface 195. the amount of lift generated by a rectangular wing is a. induced drag. the angle of incidence of the wing is an angle formed lines a. a graph of the relation between the lift . the amount of thurst produced by a jet engine or a propeller can be calculated using a. angel of incidence 198. not related to the angle of incidence 208. newton 2nd law 206. coefficient and the drag coefficient 201. the airflow over the upper surface of a cambered wing a. The advantage of a turbulent boundary layer over a laminar boundary layer is a. the airflow over the upper surface of the wing of an aircraft in level flight compared to the free stream air will a. AOA 207. the aero foil polar is a. the angle at which the chord line of the aerofoil is presented to the airflow is known as a. decreases in a flow in a tube when the diameter decreases 199. less tendency to separate 200.

thickest at the trailing edge. finess ratio 224. is the same for all altitudes 212. the centre of the leading edge of the wing to the trailing edge 223. the C of P of an aerofoil is located b. the boundary layer of the wing is caused by c. the boundary layer of the body in a moving airstream is c. the concept of the thurst is explained by c. the chord / thickness ratio of the wing is also known as a. consumtion of fuel and oils 218. the C of G moves in flight the most likely cause of this is a. the camber of an aerofoil section is c. 30 – 40 % of the chord line back from the leading edge 221. the curvature of the median line of the aerofoil 220. the chord line of a wing is a line that runs ffrom b. a layer on the wing in which the stream velocity is lower than the free stream velocity due to friction 216. the chord line is b. a layer of turbulent air close to the aerofoil which is moving at a velocity less than free stream air 217. the lift can be said to act 219.the control device designed to control the aircraft and reduce the control column forces to zero are . 213. the C of P is the point where a. the boundary layer is considered to be turbulent b. a straight line from the leading edge of the sing to the trailing edge of the wing 222. newtons 3rd lay 226. above the origin 225. between the transition point ans separation points 214. The best AOA for the max L/D ratio c. the Cl alpha curve of a +ve camber aerofoil intersects with the vertical axis of the Cl. th boundary layer over an aerofoil is b.alpha graph a.211. the boundry layer is c. a layer of air over the surface where the airspeed is changing from free stream velocity to zero velocity 215.

the difference between the mean camber line and the chord of an aerofoil is a. the following takes place at the transition point in a wing b. increase as the lift coefficient increases 241. The effect of winglets is c. the frontal area of a body placed in a certain airstream is increased by the factor 3. heavy. density and the square of the velocity 232. The shape will not alter the aerodynamic drag will increase with a factor b. the drag coefficient of a sphere is approcimately b. L= ½ pv2 SCL 237. the induced drag coefficient. air mass flow is constant 234. D= CD ½ Pv2S 228. the induced drag c.a. CL2 242. reduction in induced drag 233. The correct drag formula is a. CDi is proportional with a. the equation of countinuity states simply b. the direction of drag is b. clean and slow 239. the induced drag of an aircraft . mean chord / thickness ratio 235. the chord line 240. servo tabs 227. the imaginary straight line which passes through an aerofoil srction from leading edge to trailing edge is called a. the boundry layer makes the transition from laminar flow to the turbulent boundry layer 236. the dynamic pressure increases proportiononally with a. parallel to the free stream airfow 230. 0. the formula for lift is a. the finess ratio of an aerofoil is c. 3 238.45 231. one is always straight and the other may be straight 229. the greatest vortex strength occurs when the generated aircraft is a.

tha mean aerodynamic chord (Mac) for a given wing of any platform is a. the lift force. the lift on a wing is increased with b. an increase in pressure 249. the layer of air over the surface of an aerofoil which is slower moving in relation to the rest of the airflow is known as a. cruise 255. +1 . The lift curve for a delta wing is b. acting on an aerofoil b. 4ᵒ . turbo fan engine 253. the optimum angle AOA for a typical aerofoil is about----. decreases wit hincreasing speed 243. The lift component of the total reaction force c. depending on the manoeuvre 250. the most dangerous form of ice found on aircraft b. the most fuel efficient of the following types of engine is the c. the most important problem of ice accerelation of an aeroplane during flight is b. boundry layer 244.and the actual AOA will be closr to this optimum angle during a. the chord of a rectangular wing with same moment and lift 251. The lift coefficient Cl of a wing at a given AOA a. is increases by the use of high lift device 245. glaze ice 252. The loads factor “n” is a. the point at which airflow ceases to be laminar and become turbulent is the c. may act horizontally to a bosy under certain circumstances 246. less steep than that of a high aspect ratio wing 247. the optimum AOA of an aerofoil is the angle which a. the pressure coefficient at the leading edge stagnation point is a.a. transition point 257. the heighest lift / drag ratio is produced 256. reduction in CL max 254. is mainly caused by suction on the upper side of the aerofoil 248. equal to or larger than 1. smaller.

profile drag 260.258. the the static pressure is acting b. the speed of air over a swept wing which contributes to the lift is b. in all directions 273. static pressure plus dynamic pressure 270. the principle of countinuity states that in a stream tube of decreasing cross section area the speed of a subsonic and incompressible airflow will b. the stagnation point is a. the stagnation point on an aerofoil is the point where c. the rigging angle of incidence of an elevar is b. the purpose of streamlining is to reduce a. less at higher speeds 267. The Rmas horn vortex on a forward swept wing will be a. the angle between the mean chord line and the horizontal in the rigging position 265. less than a rearward swept wing 262. less than the aircraft speed 268. the span wise component of the airflow is b. the service ceiling of an aircraft is a. increase 259. profile drag 264. the airflow is brought completely to rest 271. the steepness of the line on a lift graph of a delta wing aircraft . AOA 272. the altitude where a low specific rate of climb is achieved 266. the resistance or skin friction due to viscosity of the air as it passes along the surface of the wing is part of the a. the speed of sound is c. proportional to the square root of the absolute temperature of the air 269. the stalling of an aerofoil is affected by the b. the relationship between induced drag and airspeed is induced drag is b. inversely proportional to the square of the speed 263. the quickest of the following types of engine is the a. turbo fan engine 261.

to produce lift an aerofoil must be . mean chord 288. at the root 281. the boundary layer flow changes from laminar to turbulent 284. the wing area divided by the span of a wing is called a. an aerofoil must a. the transition point in a boundry layer b. an aerofoil should b. have high camber 290. is where laminar flow changes to turbulent flow 282. have a high degree of camber 289. the transition point on a wing is the point where c. the term oitch up is due to a. the term Q and S in the lift formula are b. to give high lift at low speed. changes with speed 279.a. the term AOA in a 2 dimentional flow is defined as a. the transition point located on the wing is the point where c. the value of the profile drag is straight and level flight at constantweight varies linearly with c. square of speed 286. decreases as incidence increases 274. the total drag coefficient of a wing consist of the sum of b. zero lift drag plus induced drag 278. the boundary layer changes from laminar flow to tuebulant flow 283. develops more lift 285. the angle between the wing chord line and the direction of the relative wind/airflow 275. the trailinf vortex on a pointed wing (taper ratio = 0) is a. longitudinal instability 276. is static pressure + the dynamic pressure 280. the upper part of the wing is comparison to the lower c. the vertical fin of a single pistion engine aircraft is a. to get high lift at low speed. dynamic pressure and the area of the wing 277. the total pressure a. parallel with the vertical axis but not the longitudional axis 287. the total drag of an aircraft b.

mass x gravity 302. the tendency to nose down when speed is increased in to the transonic flight region 293. total drag at high mach number is a combination of c. form drag. have a magnitude and a direction 299. truck under is c. under what conditions will an aircraft creates best lift? a. low pressure above the wing and high pressure below the wing causing vortices 298. weight equal b. Vso is defined as the c. aerofoil shape and AOA 303. the design of the wing that gives the wing tip of a lower angle of incidence 305. QNH. skin frictiondrag and interference drag 292. either asymmetrical or symmetrical 291. vapours trail from the wingtips of an aircraft in flight are caused by a. what does profile drag vary with? a. what effect would a forward CG have on an aircraft on landing? a. under the ICAO Q code there are which three steeings C. wave drag. increase stalling speed 307. QNE 294. cold dry day at 200Ft 295. increase aspect ratio reduces induced drag 306. what determines the coefficient of lift? a. square of the speed 304. pressure and density increases . what effect does aspect ratio have on induced drag? b. QFE. induced drag.a. vortex generators mounted on the upper wing surface will c. velocity decreases. what happens to air flowing at the speed of sound when it enters a converging duct? b. upward and downward inclination of a mainplane is termed c. what does the term wing washout mean? a. vectors c. decreases the shockwave induced separation 301. stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed in the landing configuration 297. transfer energy from the free airflow into the boundary layer 300. vortex generators c. dihedral 296.

effect keel surface 316. what is the angle between the chord line of the wing . the result of interference of the surface of the earth with the airflow around the wing and tail plane 313. what is the SI unit that result from multiplying KG and m/s2? c. the angle tha chord of the mainplane or tail plane makes with the horizontal 317. depends on the smoothness of the body. it moves down and under the leading edge 309. sluggish low energy ait that sticks to the wing surface and gradually gets faster until it joins the free stream flow of air 312. what happens to total drag when accelerating from Cl max to max speed? b. what is the force that tends to pull an aircraft down towards the earth b. what is boundary layer c. and surface area over which the air flow? a. decreases than increases 310. What is the CL and CD ratio at normal AOA c. What is the collective term for the fin and rudder and the other surfaces aft of the centre of gravity that helps directional stability b. what phenomenon cause induce drag? c. What happens to the wing tip stagnation point as the AOA increases? a. high camber 321. what is ground effect b.308. angel of incidence 314. fineness ratio 311. CL much higher 315. what is a controlling factor of turbulence and skin friction c. what produces the most lift at low speed c. wing tip vortices 320. What type of drag. newton 319. What is the definition of Angle of incidence? c. weight 318. skin friction drag 322. and the longitudional axis of the aircraft known as c. What type of ice is most difficult for the ground crew to detect? .

When does the angle od incidence change c. forward movement of the centre of pressre 333. When a fluid at rest is in contact with an object’s surface the fluid pressure exerts a force which c. When airflow velocity over an upper cambered surface what takes place? b. glaze ice 323. high critical match number 329. the aerofoil will still be producing a small amount of lift 335. backward. sink into the flight path of aircraft operating below the aircraft generating the turbulence 332. when relative airflow is parallel to longutidunal axis 331. when an aircraft stalls c. form drag will increase and the aircraft nose down pitching moment will increase 336. when the AOA increasesin strength and level flight we will observe b. near the wing leading edge in fornt of control surfaces 337. forward 334.c. where does the lift act on the wing . nearly vertical 328. acts tangentially to the objects surface 324. When vortex generators are fitted they will normally be found a. pressure increases. lift decreases and drag increases 327. when the AOA of the cambered wing is zero which of the following statements is correct a. When the undercarriage is lowered in flight a. When an aircraft experience induced drag a. When comparing a rectangular wing and a swept wing and a swept wing the swept wing has the advantage of c. it never change 330. when the AOA is increasedthe stagnation point moves and the separation point moves b. lift decreases 325. when an aircraft with a typical aerofoil is in level flight at low speed and high angle of attack the normal axis b. air flows under the wing spanwise towards the tip and on top of the wing spanwise towards the root 326. when taking off and landing at an airport where heavy aircraft are operating pilots should be particularly alert to the hazards of wingtip vortices because this wake turbulence tends to b. when is the angle of incidence the same as the AOA b.

turbulent boundary layer 340. C of P 338. which of thefollowing is true about profile drag? b. suction above the wing 347. velocity. mass and acceleration b. which of the following quantity determines the mass flow in a nozzle? a. upper side trailing edge 339. the angle between the wing plane and the horizontal 346. tail plane and elevators 342. Which of the following is the correct description of the method for measuring the dihedral angle ? a. which of the following types of drag increases as the aircraft gains altitude? b. F = m x a 343. which of the following forces act on an aircraft in level flight? b. Ahich location on the aeroplane has tha largest effect on the induced drag? c. wing tip 341. profile drag = induced drag + form drag 348. which of the following experession could represent the relationship could represent the relationship between force . 1 is incorrect and 2 is correct 352. it will increase when the AOA is reduced 345. thrust. which of the following is true a. tail section of the aircraft including fin rudder. which of the following statements about a venture in a sub sonic airflow are correct? 01. lift acts at right angle to the relative airflow and weight acts vertically down 349. which of the following describe the empennage ? b. which of the following is the greatest factor causing lift? b. lift. which kind of boundary layer has the strongest change in velocity close to the surface b. induced drag . the dynamic pressure in the indistributed flow and in the throat are equal 02. density and area 350. weight. which of the following is incorrect about induced drag a.E than the laminar boundary layer 351. which of the following statements about boundary layers is correct? b. where on the surface of a typical aerofoil will flow separation normally start at high AOA b. the total pressure in the unidisturbed flow and in the throat are equal c. and drag 344.a. the turbulent boundary layer has more K.