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# Lecture Notes M.

Kaliamoorthy AP/EEE, PSNACET

1. Voltage and torque equations of a three phase symmetrical induction machine.
The winding arrangement for a 2 pole 3 phase wye connected symmetrical induction
machine is shown in the figure below.

The stator windings are identical, sinusoidally distributed windings, displaced by 120 degrees
with Ns equivalent turns and resistance rs. The rotor windings are also identical sinusoidally
distributed windings, displaced 120 degrees with N r equivalent turns and resistance rr. The
voltage equations in machine variables may be expressed as,

.... The inductance L sr is the amplitude of the mutual inductance between stator and rotor windings.......(6) sr   3   3   2 2   cos r     cos r   cos  r    3   3   In the above inductance equations.......... respectively...(4)  2 2  1L 1  Lms Lls  Lms   2 ms 2   1 1   Llr  Lmr  Lmr 2  Lmr  2  1 1  L r    Lmr Llr  Lmr  Lmr ........Kaliamoorthy AP/EEE........... PSNACET Vabcs  rs i abcs  p abcs .......... the flux linkages may be expressed as abcs   Ls Lsr  iabcs      L  T Lr  iabcr           (3)  abcr   sr The winding inductances are derived in Lecture notes (Refer Lecture notes on Inductance of symmetrical Induction Machines) In particular Stator inductance matrix.  1 1   Lls  Lms  Lms 2  Lms  2  1 1  L s    Lms Lls  Lms  Lms ............... rotor inductance matrix and mutual inductance between stator and rotor is given by.....( 2) In the above expression s and r subscripts denote variables associated with the stator and rotor windings. Lls and Lms are respectively the leakage and magnetizing inductances of stator windings respectively and Llr and Lmr are respectively the leakage and magnetizing inductances of rotor windings respectively...Lecture Notes M.... When expressing the voltage . For magnetically linear system.............(1) Vabcr  rr i abcr  p abcr .................(5)  2 2  1L 1  Lmr Llr  Lmr   2 mr 2    2   2   cos  r cos r   cos r     3   3   2   2  L  Lsr cos r   cos  r cos r  ...

..(13) '  Nr  The flux linkages may now be expressed as ......(12)  2 2   1L  1 Lms L lr  Lms  '  2 ms 2  2 N  Where L lr   s  Llr ......................(7) Ns Ns V ' abcr  Vabcr ..............(10) Nr Thus we define Ns L' sr  Lsr Nr   2   2   cos r cos r   cos r     3   3   2   2   L ms cos r   cos  r cos r  .....................................................Lecture Notes M............................................ Nr i ' abcr  iabcr ...................(9) Nr Ns Lms  Lsr ............ PSNACET equations in machine variable form.....................Kaliamoorthy AP/EEE... it is convenient to refer all rotor variables to the stator windings by appropriate turn’s ratio...................(8) Nr Ns ' abcr  abcr .....(11)   3   3   2 2   cos r     cos r   cos  r    3   3   Also 2 N  Lmr   r  Lms  Ns  2 N  L r   s  Lr '  Nr   ' 1 1   L lr  Lms  2 Lms  2 Lms   1 1  L' r    Lms L' lr  Lms  Lms ....

. (18) The above equation may be now simplified as    ' 1 ' 1 '   ' 1 ' 1 '   ' 1 ' 1 '     ias  iar  ibr  icr   ibs  ibr  icr  iar   ics  icr  ibr  iar  sin r  P   2 2   2 2   2 2   Te   Lms   2     2 i        3 ' ' i  i as br cr  i i bs cr ar '  i '  i i '  cs ar br i ' cos  r    .....Kaliamoorthy AP/EEE.. ...(16)  Nr  Torque Equations in Machine Variables The energy stored in the coupled field may be written as Wf  1  iabcs  T  Ls  Lls I  iabcs   iabcs  T L' sr i ' qdr  1  i ' abcr T  L' r  L'lr I i ' abcr .....Lecture Notes M.............. ........ PSNACET  abcs   Ls L' sr   iabcs   '    ' T   ' ..... ..................(15) '  abcr   p L sr T   r ' r  pL' r  i abcr  2 N  Where r r   s '  rr .......(17) 2 2 Since Llr is only function of rotor position the torque equation can be written by omitting the first two terms of the above equation and is as given below Te  P 2  r    iabcs  T  L' sr i ' abcr .............. ......(14)  abcr   L sr   L' r  i abcr  The voltage equations expressed in terms of machine variables  Vabcs  rs  pLs pL' sr   iabcs  V '      ' ......................................