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DETERMINATION OF AREA OF STEEL OF TEE

SECTION WHEN IT ACTS AS RECTANGULAR


BEAM ONLY

McCORMAC-116 MCORMAC-116 spg-90


ultimate applied moment k-in 2,880 4,080
section width of web inch 12 12
effective depth of section inch 18 19
thickness of flange inch 4 3.5
effective width of flange inch 60 27
steel yield stress ksi 50 60
compressive strength of concrete ksi 4 3
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000 29000
max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003 0.003
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9 0.9
CALCULATIONS
beta 0.85 0.85
max strain of steel in balanced condition 0.00172 0.00207
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.43 11.24
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition ab inch 9.72 9.56
compression area of concrete in balance condition Ac sq.in 308.59 167.20
compression force in balanced condition kip 1,049 497
compression force in balanced condition Cbal kip 1,049 426
tension force in balanced condition Tbal kip 1,049 426
max permitted tension force Tmax kip 787 320
max permitted tensile steel area Asmax sq.in 15.74 5.33
min steel ratio 0.00379 0.00274
min steel ratio 0.00400 0.00333
min steel ratio-governed 0.00400 0.00333
min steel area sq.in 0.82 0.62
min steel area sq.in 0.86 0.76
min steel area-governed sq.in 0.86 0.76

ASSUMING LEVER ARM


0.9 X d inch 16.20 17.10
d-hf/2 inch 16.00 17.25
assumed lever arm z inch 16.20 17.25
TRIAL STEEL AREA
As sq.in 3.95 4.38
COMPUTE a & z
flange area 240.00 94.50
0.00 8.56
0.00 0.71
concrete compression area Ac sq.in 58.10 103.06
depth of stress block a inch 0.97 3.82
NA is in the NA is in the web
flange and and hence
proceed as invalid solution
depth of stress block follows
depth of stress block- governed inch 0.97 1.92
recalculated lever arm z inch 17.52 17.09
RECALCULATE As As sq.in 3.65 4.42
RE-COMPUTE a & z
Ac sq.in 53.73 104.02
a inch 0.90 3.85
z inch 17.55 17.07

RECALCULATE As As sq.in 3.65 4.43

CHECK CONVERGENCE OF As As is OK As is OK
FINDING AREA OF STEEL FOR TEE BEAM WHEN IT
BEHAVE AS RECTANGULAR SECTION ONLY
( MOMENT IS KNOWN)

ultimate applied moment Mu kip-in 150 2880


effective width of flange bf in 12 60
effective depth of section d in 9.75 18
compressive strength of concrete f 'c ksi 3.5 4
steel yield stress fy ksi 60 50
moment capacity reduction factor phi 0.9 0.9
CALCULATIONS
beta 1 0.85 0.85
Ru ksi 0.131 0.148
Rn ksi 0.146 0.165
rho required 0.0025 0.0034
As calc sq.in. 0.29 3.65
DETERMINATION OF AREA OF STEEL OF TRUE TEE BEAM 30.05.2014
SECTION ONLY
SPG-90 SPG-90
ultimate applied moment k-in 4,080
section width of web inch 12
effective depth of section inch 19.42
thickness of flange inch 3.5
effective width of flange inch 27
steel yield stress ksi 60
compressive strength of concrete ksi 3
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000
max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9
CALCULATIONS
beta 0.85
1 determine phiMn k-in 3,832
2 beam behave as true
T beam and proceed
as follows
3 find approx lever arm
0.9 X d inch 17.48
d-hf/2 inch 17.67
approx lever arm z inch 17.67
4 find approx required area of steel As sq.in 4.28
5 check min As
min steel ratio 0.00274
min steel ratio 0.00333
min steel ratio-governed 0.00333
min steel area sq.in 0.64
min steel area sq.in 0.78
min steel area-governed sq.in 0.78
6 check max As
max strain of steel in balanced condition 0.00207
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.49
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition ab inch 9.77
compression area of concrete in balance condition Ac sq.in 169.73
compression force in balanced condition kip 505
compression force in balanced condition Cbal kip 433
tension force in balanced condition Tbal kip 433
max permitted tension force Tmax kip 325
max permitted tensile steel area Asmax sq.in 5.41
area of steel -governed sq.in 4.28
provided area of steel-select bars and recalculate eff depth sq.in 4.68
7 tensile force Nt kip 281
8 flange compression Nc kip 241
comp stress block
extend below flange
9 compute revise depth of stress block inch 4.80
10 locate the centroid of comp area from top of cross section
1.30
flange area sq.in 94.50
sq.in 15.62
sumA sq.in 110.12
sumAy 230.20
inch 2.09
11 recalculated lever arm z inch 17.33
12 reassured practical moment strength k-in 4,380
moment is ok
30.05.2014

mcrmac
2,880
12
18
4
60
50
4
29000
0.003
0.9

0.85
11,750
beam act as rect
beam and find As of
rect beam section

16.20
16.00
16.20
3.95

0.00379
0.00400
0.00400
0.82
0.86
0.86

0.00172
11.43
9.72
308.59
1,049
1,049
1,049
787
15.74
3.95
4.68
234
816
comp stress block is
in flang
-10.26

-14.26
240.00
-171.18
68.82
1016.19
14.77
3.23
681
re check calc
DETERMINATION OF AREA OF STEEL OF TEE SECTION

ultimate applied moment kip-inch 4080


section width of web inch 12
effective depth of section inch 19
thickness of flange inch 3.5
effective width of flange inch 27.00
steel yield stress ksi 60
compressive strength of concrete ksi 3
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9
max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003
CALCULATIONS

beta 0.85
max strain of steel concrete in balanced condition 0.0021
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.24
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition inch 9.56
balanced steel ratio 0.0214
max steel ratio 0.0161

min steel ratio 0.00274


min steel ratio 0.00333
min steel ratio-governed 0.00333
min steel area sq.inch 0.76
CHECH POSITION OF NEUTRAL AXIS ASSUMING a=t
phi moment kip-inch 3,741
section acts as
a T section

3,741
nominal moment
required area of steel in flange Asf sq.inch 2.23
nominal moment in flange kip-inch 2,078
required nominal moment in web kip-inch 2,002

Rn psi 513
Rho 0.0097
area of steel in web Asw=As-Asf As-Asf 2.21
governed rho 0.0097
As=Asf+Asw sq.inch 4.44
Chech that difference of rho is less than rho max rho is ok

CHECK MAX STEEL RATIO


max area of steel allowed sq.inch 5.33
steel ratio in
web is
satisfactory
provided steel ratio of web 0.0195
provided steel ratio of flange 0.0098
max steel ratio allowed in web 0.0234
steel ratio in
web is
criteria check whether fulfilled satisfactory
CHECK DUCTILITY
a inch 3.872
a/d 0.204
ab/d 0.503
fs=fy
atcl/dt 0.319
the section is
tension
controlled
2880 2760 6400
12 12 11
18 17.62 20
4 5 3
60.00 60.00 47.00
50 60 60
4 3 3
29000 29000 29000
0.9 0.9 0.9
0.003 0.003 0.003

0.85 0.85 0.85


0.0017 0.0021 0.0021
11.43 10.43 11.84
9.72 8.86 10.06
0.0367 0.0214 0.0214
0.0275 0.0161 0.0161

0.00379 0.00274 0.00274


0.00400 0.00333 0.00333
0.00400 0.00333 0.00333
0.86 0.70 0.73

11,750 10,410 5,987


section acts as section acts as a section acts as a
a rectangular rectangular T section
section section
2,880 2,760 5,987

0.00 0.00 4.59


0 0 4,585
2,880 2,760 1,815

165 165 458


0.0034 0.0028 0.0085
3.67 2.96 1.87
0.0034 0.0028 0.0085
3.67 2.96 6.46
rho is ok rho is ok rho is ok

15.74 11.04 6.97


steel ratio in steel ratio in web steel ratio in web
web is is satisfactory is satisfactory
satisfactory
0.017 0.014 0.0294
0 0 0.0209
0.0275 0.0161 0.0317
steel ratio in steel ratio in web steel ratio in web
web is is satisfactory is satisfactory
satisfactory

0.900 1.161 3.234


0.050 0.066 0.162
0.540 0.503 0.503
fs=fy fs=fy fs=fy
0.319 0.319 0.319
the section is the section is the section is
tension tension controlled tension controlled
controlled
DETERMINATION OF AREA OF STEEL OF TEE SECTION
NADEEM-127 NELSON-110
ultimate applied moment kip-inch 6400
section width of web inch 11
effective depth of section inch 20
compressive strength of concrete ksi 3
steel yield stress ksi 60
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9
thickness of flange inch 3
effective width of flange inch 47.00
max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000
CALCULATIONS
beta 0.85
max strain of steel concrete in balanced condition 0.0021
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.84
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition inch 10.06
balanced steel ratio 0.0214
max steel ratio 0.0161

min steel ratio 0.00274


min steel ratio 0.00333
min steel ratio-governed 0.00333
min steel area sq.inch 0.73
CHECH POSITION OF NEUTRAL AXIS ASSUMING a=t
phi moment kip-inch 5,987
section acts as a
T section

5,987
nominal moment
area of steel in flange Asf sq.inch 4.59
nominal moment in flange kip-inch 4,585
required nominal moment in web kip-inch 1,815
Rn psi 458
Rho 0.0085
As 7.99
governed rho 0.0085
Ast sq.inch 1.87
As=Asf+Ast sq.inch 6.46
Chech that difference of rho is less than rho max rho is ok

CHECK MAX STEEL RATIO


provided steel ratio of web 0.0294
provided steel ratio of flange 0.0209
max steel ratio allowed in web 0.0317
steel ratio in web
criteria check whether fulfilled is satisfactory
300 5900 300 16464 2760 3768
5 12 5 8 12 14
10 16.5 10 45 16.5 21.5
3 3 3 5 3 3.75
60 50 60 60 60 60
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
4 3 4 4 4 6
45.00 54.00 45.00 96.00 60.00 81.00
0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003
29000 29000 29000 29000 29000 29000

0.85 0.85 0.85 0.80 0.85 0.85


0.0021 0.0017 0.0021 0.0021 0.0021 0.0021
5.92 10.48 5.92 26.63 9.77 12.72
5.03 8.91 5.03 21.31 8.30 10.82
0.0214 0.0275 0.0214 0.0335 0.0214 0.0267
0.0160 0.0206 0.0160 0.0252 0.0160 0.0200

0.00274 0.00329 0.00274 0.00354 0.00274 0.00306


0.00333 0.00400 0.00333 0.00333 0.00333 0.00333
0.00333 0.00400 0.00333 0.00354 0.00333 0.00333
0.17 0.79 0.17 1.27 0.66 1.00

3,305 5,577 3,305 63,158 7,987 25,793


section acts as a section acts as section acts as a section acts as section acts section acts as a
rectangular a T section rectangular a rectangular as a rectangular
section section section rectangular section
300 5,577 300 16,464 section
2,760 3,768

0.00 6.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


0 4,338 0 0 0 0
300 1,562 300 16,464 2,760 3,768
74 531 74 94 188 112
0.0013 0.0121 0.0013 0.0016 0.0033 0.0019
0.59 10.78 0.59 6.91 3.27 3.31
0.0013 0.0121 0.0013 0.0016 0.0033 0.0019
0.59 2.40 0.59 6.91 3.27 3.31
0.59 8.82 0.59 6.91 3.27 3.31
rho is ok rho is ok rho is ok rho is ok rho is ok rho is ok
MOMENT CAPACITY OF TEE SECTION
WHEN AREA OF STEEL IS KNOWN
FOR NEGATIVE MOMENT REGION Mcgregor-149

max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003


provided area of steel sq.inch 1.88
section width of web inch 11
effective depth of section inch 20
thickness of flange inch 3
effective width of flange inch 47.00
compressive strength of concrete ksi 3
steel yield stress ksi 60
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9
CALCULATIONS
beta 0.85
max strain of steel concrete in balanced condition 0.0021
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.84
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition inch 10.06
provided steel ratio 0.0085
min steel area sq.inch 0.60
min steel area sq.inch 0.73

min steel area sq.inch 0.73

balanced steel ratio 0.0214

max steel ratio 0.0160

max steel 6.98

total balanced compression force Ncb kip 558

total balanced tension force Ntb kip 558

balanced steel area Asb sq.inch 9.29

max steel area Asmax sq.inch 6.97


provided steel area
is greater than the
minimum
depth of neutral axis in tee section=c inch 4.73
depth of equivalent stress block for provided section=a inch 4.02
tee section
analysis required
CHECK IF fs=fy and whether section is tension controlled
parameter a/d 0.2011
parameter ab/d 0.5031
fs=fy at ultimate
and design is
tension control
steel ratio considered for section -0.0123
limit of steel ratio -0.0123
depth of equivalent stress block in max steel inch 7.55
compressive force-initial kip 360
tension force kip 113
rectangular section
is governed

area of steel in flange-Asf 4.59


balance area of steel-As1 -2.71
steel ratio for tee-section -0.0123
depth of stress block=a inch -5.80
Mu1=ultimate moment of web -3,351
Mu2=ultimate moment of flange 4,585
internal ultimate moment kip-inch 1,234
internal ultimate moment kip-ft 103
actual neutral axis inch -6.82
actual strain in concrete -0.0005
section is under
reinforced
compressive force-web kip -162.6
lever arm of web compresive force inch 22.90
compressive force-flange kip 275
lever arm of flange compresive force inch 18.5
total compressive force kip 112.8
tension force-initial
internal ultimate moment kip-inch 1,372
internal ultimate moment Mn kip-ft 114
usable ultimate moment phi Mn kip-ft 103
usable ultimate moment phi Mn kip-inch 1,234
REMARKS
MOMENT CAPACITY OF TEE SECTION
WHEN AREA OF STEEL IS KNOWN
FOR POSITIVE MOMENT REGION SPG-77

provided area of steel sq.inch 4.43


section width of web inch 12
effective depth of section inch 19
thickness of flange inch 3.5
effective width of flange inch 27.00
compressive strength of concrete ksi 3
steel yield stress ksi 60
modulus of elasticity of steel ksi 29000
max strain of concrete in balanced condition 0.003
moment capacity reduction factor 0.9
CALCULATIONS
beta 0.85
max strain of steel concrete in balanced condition 0.0021
depth of neutral axis in balanced condition inch 11.24
depth of equivalent stress block in balanced condition inch 9.56
provided steel ratio 0.0194
min steel area sq.inch 0.62
min steel area sq.inch 0.76

min steel area sq.inch 0.76

balanced steel ratio 0.0214

max steel ratio 0.0160

max steel 5.33

total balanced compression force Ncb kip 426

total balanced tension force Ntb kip 426

maximum tension force kip 320

balanced steel area Asb sq.inch 7.11

max steel area Asmax sq.inch 5.33

max steel when ab>hf (by direct formula) 5.33


provided steel
area is
greater than
the minimum
depth of neutral axis in tee section=c inch 4.54
depth of equivalent stress block for provided section=a inch 3.86
tee section
analysis
required
CHECK IF fs=fy and whether section is tension controlled
parameter a/d 0.2032
parameter ab/d 0.5031
fs=fy at
ultimate and
design is
tension
control
steel ratio considered for section 0.0096
limit of steel ratio 0.0096
depth of equivalent stress block in max steel inch 7.17
compressive force-initial NC kip 241
tension force NT kip 266
compression area Ac sq.inch 104
tee section
analysis
required
area of steel in flange-Asf 2.23
balance area of steel-As1 2.20
steel ratio for tee-section 0.0096
depth of stress block a inch 4.31
Mu1=ultimate moment of web 2,000
Mu2=ultimate moment of flange 2,078
internal ultimate moment kip-inch 4,078
internal ultimate moment kip-ft 340
actual neutral axis inch 5.07
actual strain in concrete 0.0008
section is
under
reinforced
compressive force-web kip 131.925
lever arm of web compresive force inch 16.84
compressive force-flange kip 134
lever arm of flange compresive force inch 17.25
total compressive force kip 265.8
tension force-initial
internal ultimate moment Mn kip-inch 4,532
internal ultimate moment Mn kip-ft 378
usable ultimate moment phi Mn kip-ft 340
usable ultimate moment phi Mn kip-inch 4,078

CHECK DUCTILITY
cb inch 11.24
ab inch 9.56
Ncb kip 426
Asb sq.in 7.11
Asmax 5.33
the section is
under-
reinforced
SPG-81 SPG-81 MCRMAC-110 MCRMAC-111 Mcgregor-149 Mcgregor-147

3.65 4.32 6 10.41 3.52 2.64


12 12 10 15 12 12
18 18 24 24 17.5 16.5
4 4 4 3 5 5
60.00 60.00 60.00 54.00 54.00 54.00
4 4 3 3 3 3
50 50 50 50 40 40
29000 29000 29000 29000 29000 29000
0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85


0.0017 0.0017 0.0017 0.0017 0.0014 0.0014
11.43 11.43 15.24 15.24 11.99 11.30
9.72 9.72 12.95 12.95 10.19 9.61
0.0169 0.0200 0.0250 0.0289 0.0168 0.0133
0.82 0.82 0.79 1.18 0.86 0.81
0.86 0.86 0.96 1.44 1.05 0.99

0.86 0.86 0.96 1.44 1.05 0.99

0.0367 0.0367 0.0275 0.0275 0.0371 0.0371

0.0275 0.0275 0.0206 0.0206 0.0278 0.0278

9.59 9.59 10.23 9.51 10.07 9.88

1,049 1,049 840 794 847 829

1,049 1,049 840 794 847 829

787 787 630 595 635 622

20.98 20.98 16.81 15.88 21.18 20.74

15.74 15.74 12.61 11.91 15.89 15.55

15.74 15.74 12.61 11.91 15.89 15.55


provided steel provided steel provided steel provided steel provided steel provided steel
area is greater area is greater area is greater area is greater area is greater area is greater
than the than the than the than the than the than the
minimum minimum minimum minimum minimum minimum
1.05 1.25 2.31 4.45 1.20 0.90
0.89 1.06 1.96 3.78 1.02 0.77
rectangular rectangular rectangular rectangular rectangular
section is section is section is section is section is
governed governed governed governed governed
0.00
0.0497 0.0588 0.0817 0.1575 0.0584 0.0465
0.5398 0.5398 0.5398 0.5398 0.5823 0.5823
fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at fs=fy at fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate
and design is and design is ultimate and ultimate and and design is and design is
tension control tension control design is design is tension control tension control
tension control tension control

0.0034 0.0040 0.0042 0.0123 0.0037 0.0030


0.0034 0.0040 0.0042 0.0123 0.0037 0.0030
7.29 7.29 9.72 9.72 7.64 7.21
816 816 612 413 689 689
183 216 300 521 141 106
54 64 118 204 55
rectangular rectangular rectangular tee section rectangular rectangular
section is section is section is analysis section is section is
governed governed governed required governed governed
0.00 0.00 0.00 5.97 0.00 0.00
3.65 4.32 6.00 4.44 3.52 2.64
0.0034 0.0040 0.0042 0.0123 0.0037 0.0030
0.89 1.06 1.96 5.81 1.02 0.77
2,883 3,396 6,215 4,218 2,153 1,532
0 0 0 6,042 0 0
2,883 3,396 6,215 10,259 2,153 1,532
240 283 518 855 179 128
1.05 1.25 2.31 6.83 1.20 0.90
0.0001 0.0001 0.0002 0.0007 0.0001 0.0001
section is under section is under section is section is section is under section is under
reinforced reinforced under under reinforced reinforced
reinforced reinforced
182.5 216 300 222.15 140.8 105.6
17.55 17.47 23.02 21.10 16.99 16.12
0 0 0 298 0 0
16 16 22 22.5 15 14
182.5 216 300 520.5 140.8 105.6

3,203 3,774 6,906 11,399 2,392 1,702


267 314 575 950 199 142
240 283 518 855 179 128
2,883 3,396 6,215 10,259 2,153 1,532
Spiegel-76 Wang-333 Wang-334

3 6.28 12.48 0.59 2.37


10 13 14 5 10
12 25 36 10 16
2 4.5 7 4 4
32.00 78.00 30.00 45.00 45.00
3 3 3 3 3
60 50 50 60 60
29000 29000 29000 29000 29000
0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85


0.0021 0.0017 0.0017 0.0021 0.0021
7.10 15.88 22.86 5.92 9.47
6.04 13.49 19.43 5.03 8.05
0.0250 0.0193 0.0248 0.0118 0.0148
0.33 1.07 1.66 0.14 0.44
0.40 1.30 2.02 0.17 0.53

0.40 1.30 2.02 0.17 0.53

0.0214 0.0275 0.0275 0.0214 0.0214

0.0160 0.0206 0.0206 0.0160 0.0160

3.33 14.55 11.66 5.91 7.03

266 1,193 979 472 562

266 1,193 979 472 562

200

4.44 23.86 19.59 7.87 9.37

3.33 17.90 14.69 5.90 7.03

3.33 17.90 14.69 5.90 7.03


provided steel area provided steel area provided steel area provided steel area is provided steel area is
is greater than the is greater than the is greater than the greater than the greater than the
minimum minimum minimum minimum minimum

2.60 1.86 9.60 0.36 1.46


2.21 1.58 8.16 0.31 1.24
tee section rectangular section tee section rectangular section is rectangular section is
analysis required is governed analysis required governed governed
0.1838 0.0631 0.2266 0.0308 0.0775
0.5031 0.5398 0.5398 0.5031 0.5031
fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate and fs=fy at ultimate and
and design is and design is and design is design is tension design is tension
tension control tension control tension control control control

0.0094 0.0032 0.0134 0.0013 0.0033


0.0094 0.0032 0.0134 0.0013 0.0033
4.53 10.12 14.57 3.77 6.04
163 895 536 459 459
180 314 624 35 142

tee section rectangular section tee section rectangular section is rectangular section is
analysis required is governed analysis required governed governed

1.87 0.00 5.71 0.00 0.00


1.13 6.28 6.77 0.59 2.37
0.0094 0.0032 0.0134 0.0013 0.0033
2.66 1.58 9.48 0.31 1.24
651 6,842 9,521 314 1,968
1,111 0 8,354 0 0
1,762 6,842 17,874 314 1,968
147 570 1,490 26 164
3.13 1.86 11.15 0.36 1.46
0.0007 0.0001 0.0008 0.0001 0.0002
section is under section is under section is under section is under section is under
reinforced reinforced reinforced reinforced reinforced

67.8 314 338.4 35.4 142.2


10.67 24.21 31.26 9.85 15.38
112 0 286 0 0
11 22.75 32.5 8 14
180 314 624 35.4 142.2

1,958 7,602 19,861 349 2,187


163 634 1,655 29 182
147 570 1,490 26 164
1,762 6,842 17,874 314 1,968
mcgr 5-1
mcgr 5-3
6 2.64 4.74
9 12 10
17 16.5 24.5
3 5 5
36.00 54.00 18.00
3.5 3 3
60 40 60
29000 29000 29000
0.003 0.003 0.003
0.9 0.9 0.9

0.85 0.85 0.85


0.0021 0.0014 0.0021
10.06 11.30 14.50
8.55 9.61 12.33
0.0392 0.0133 0.0193
0.45 0.81 0.67
0.51 0.99 0.82

0.51 0.99 0.82

0.0249 0.0371 0.0214

0.0187 0.0278 0.0160

5.04 9.88

470 829 416

470 829 416

7.83 20.74 6.94

5.87 15.55 5.20

5.87 15.55 5.20


provided steel provided steel area is provided steel
area is greater greater than the area is greater
than the minimum minimum than the
minimum
3.95 0.90 7.29
3.36 0.77 6.20
tee section rectangular section is tee section
analysis required governed analysis required
0.1977 0.0465 0.2529
0.5031 0.5823 0.5031
fs=fy at ultimate fs=fy at ultimate and fs=fy at ultimate
and design is design is tension and design is
tension control control tension control

0.0130 0.0030 0.0124


0.0130 0.0030 0.0124
6.41 7.21 9.24
321 689 230
360 106 284

tee section rectangular section is tee section


analysis required governed analysis required

4.02 0.00 1.70


1.98 2.64 3.04
0.0130 0.0030 0.0124
4.45 0.77 7.15
1,583 1,532 3,435
3,362 0 2,020
4,945 1,532 5,454
412 128 455
5.23 0.90 8.42
0.0009 0.0001 0.0011
section is under section is under section is under
reinforced reinforced reinforced

119.025 105.6 182.4


14.78 16.12 20.92
241 0 102
15.5 14 22
360 105.6 284.4

5,494 1,702 6,060


458 142 505
412 128 455
4,945 1,532 5,454
ULTIMATE LOAD / MOMENT CALCULATIONS
INPUT FOR LOAD & MOMENT
applied dead load kip 200.00
applied dead load moment kip-ft 125.00
applied live load kip 0.00
applied live load moment kip-ft 0.00
appied wind load or earth quick kip 100.00
applied wind moment or earth quick kip-ft 10.00
CALCULATE REQUIRED NOMINAL STRENGTH
factored dead load kip 280.00
factored dead load moment kip-ft 175.00
factored live load kip 0.00
factored live load moment kip-ft 0.00
total factored load kip 280.00
total factored moment kip-ft 175.00
LOAD COMBINATIONS
1.4xdl+1.7xLL kip 280
0.75x(1.4xDL+1.7xLL+1.7xWL) kip 337.5
0.9xDL+1.3xWL kip 310
ultimate load governed kip 337.50

1.4xMd+1.7xMl kip-ft 175


0.75x(1.4xMd+1.7xMl+1.7xMw) kip-ft 144
0.9xMd+1.3xMw kip-ft 125.5
ultimate moment governed kip-ft 175.00
MIN WIDTH OF BEAM DESIGNATIONS AREA ,PERIMETER,AND WEIGHT OF STANDA

BAR NO NOMINAL ACTUAL


DIA DIA

inch inch
side cover inch 1.5 2 1/4 0.25
dia of bar inch 1.128 3 3/8 0.375
no of bars in one row 3 4 1/2 0.5
number of rows 2 5 5/8 0.625
maximum aggregate size inch 1 6 3/4 0.75
stirrup dia inch 0.375 7 7/8 0.875
considered beam height inch 24 8 1 1
assumed effective depth inch 20 9 1 1/8 1.128
RESULT 10 1 1/4 1.27
maximum spacing b/w bars inch 1.33 11 1 3/8 1.41
minimum edge distance inch 2.625 14 1 3/4 1.693
minimum beam width inch 10.166 18 2 1/4 2.257

MINIMUM HEIGHT OF BEAM/ ACTUAL EFFECTIVE DEPTH


Nb Db As T As Y T As x Y
bottom first layer 3 1.128 1.000 3.000 2.439 7.317
bottom second layer 2 1.000 0.790 1.580 4.503 7.115
bottom third layer 0 0 0.000 0.000 6.003 0.000
4.580 14.432
centroid from bottom inch 3.15
actual effective depth of beam inch 20.85
minimum height of beam inch 23.15
The considered height shall result in higher actual effective depth
RIMETER,AND WEIGHT OF STANDARD US BARS CALCULATION FOR
PROVIDED STEEL
X-SEC PERI- UNIT NO OF AREA OF
AREA METER WEIGHT BARS BARS

sq.inch inch lb/ft sq.inch


0.05 0.79 0.167 0
0.11 1.18 0.376 0
0.20 1.57 0.668 0
0.31 1.96 1.043 0
0.44 2.36 1.502 0
0.60 2.75 2.044 0
0.79 3.14 2.670 2 1.58
1.00 3.54 3.400 3 3
1.27 3.99 4.303 0
1.56 4.43 5.313 0
2.25 5.32 7.650 0
4.00 7.09 13.600 0
As provided 4.58

As required 4.50
OK
CHECK OR DETERMINE MINIMUM EFFECTIVE
DEPTH,HEIGHT AND WIDTH OF BEAM
MIN WIDTH OF BEAM
side cover inch 0.75
dia of bar inch 0.75
no of bars in one row 5
number of rows 1
maximum aggregate size inch 1
stirrup dia inch 0.375
RESULT
maximum spacing b/w bars inch 1.33
minimum edge distance inch 1.875
minimum beam width inch 12.07
minimum beam width- rounded to integer inch 13
MINIMUM HEIGHT OF BEAM/ ACTUAL EFFECTIVE DEPTH inch
considered beam height inch 24
assumed effective depth inch 20
Nb
bottom first layer 3
bottom second layer 2
bottom third layer 0
Db
bottom first layer 1.128
bottom second layer 1.000
bottom third layer 0
As
bottom first layer 0.999
bottom second layer 0.785
bottom third layer 0.000
T As
bottom first layer 2.998
bottom second layer 1.571
bottom third layer 0.000
4.569
Y
bottom first layer 1.689
bottom second layer 3.753
bottom third layer 5.253
T As x Y
bottom first layer 5.064
bottom second layer 5.895
bottom third layer 0.000
10.959
centroid from bottom inch 2.4
actual effective depth of beam inch 21.6
minimum height of beam inch 22.4
The considered
height shall result in
higher actual
effective depth

MIN DEPTH BASED ON DEFLECTION

span centre to centre of supports ft 33.67


minimum heihgt-h as per ACI Table 9.5(a)
for fy=60,000 psi and normal weight concrete inch 21.8

DETERMINATION OF DEPTH -d
Mu kip-inch 521
F'c ksi 3
Fy ksi 50
b inch 8
assumed rho as percentage of rho-balance 0.185
beta 0.85
Pb 0.02753
P select 0.00509
d 17.30
d adopted 18
DETERMINATION OF BEAM DEPTH FOR DEFLECTION
CONTROL
Mu kip-inch 521
F'c 3
Fy 60
b selected inch 8
steel ratio recommended for deflection control 0.0090
beam depth governed 12.24
beam depth adopted 13
ratio beam depth to width 1.625
criteria : ratio beam depth to width revised

DETERMINATION OF WIDTH -b (if d is limited)


Mu kip-inch 521
F'c ksi 3
Fy ksi 60
d inch 18
assumed rho as percentage of rho-balance 0.2

beta 0.85
Pb 0.02138
Pmax 0.01604
Pmin 0.00333
Pmin 0.00274
min rho governed 0.00333
P select 0.00428

b inch 7.33
b adopted inch 8
DETERMINATION OF WIDTH -b (if d is limited)

Mu kip-inch 521
F'c ksi 3
Fy ksi 50
d inch 12
steel ratio selected 0.0108
b inch 8.33
b adopted inch 9
EFFECTIVE FLANGE WIDTH FOR T-SECTION

Wang-Salmon 331

section width of web inch 15


span of beam ft 18
thickness of flange inch 3
centre to center spacing of beams(interior beams) ft 6
clear distance to next beam (for exterior T section = ell section) ft 12
CALCULATIONS
INTERIOR T-SECTION
criteria 1= span /4 inch 54.00
criteria 2= centre to center spacing of beams inch 72.00
criteria 3= flange thickness criteria inch 63.00
required effective width of flange inch 54.00

EXTERIOR T-SECTION or ELL SECTION


criteria 1= bw+L/12 inch 33.00
criteria 2= centre to center spacing of beams inch 79.50
criteria 3= flange thickness criteria inch 33.00
required effective width of flange 33.00
ISOLATED T-SECTION
required effective width of flange to be less than or equal to= inch 60

required flange thickness to be greater than or equal to= inch 7.5


FLANGE THICKNESS SHOULD
BE REVIEWED AND MAX
GIVEN BY CODE BE USED
whether criteria fullfill or not
10
24
4
5
0

72.00
60.00
74.00
60.00

34.00
5.00
34.00
5.00

40

5
FLANGE THICKNESS SHOULD
BE REVIEWED AND MAX
GIVEN BY CODE BE USED