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Fastening Technology

3.1 Anchor Principles and Design

RV2 = adjustment factor for edge distance, shear Vallow = allowable shear load (based on mean value
loading parallel to free edge from tests and a global safety factor), lb (kN)

RV3 = adjustment factor for edge distance, shear Vd = design shear load (unfactored), lb (kN)
loading perpendicular and away from free edge
Vrec = recommended shear load, lb (kN)
fy = specified reinforcing bar yield strength, psi (MPa) General requirements
Fy = specified bolt minimum yield strength, psi (MPa) and recommended
Fu = specified bolt minimum ultimate strength, loads
psi (MPa) In accordance with the general ASD principles, the design of
h = thickness of member in which anchor is anchors must satisfy the following conditions:
embedded as measured parallel to anchor axis, Nservice Nrec
in. (mm) Vservice Vrec
hef = effective anchor embedment depth, in. (mm) whereby Nservice and Vservice are the service tension and shear
hmin = minimum member thickness, in. (mm) loads resulting from the governing load combinations (i.e.
ASCE 7-10) and Nrec and Vrec are the recommended allowable
hnom = distance between base material surface and loads for an anchor or a group of anchors.
bottom of anchor (prior to setting is applicable),
in. (mm) The ASD method is currently referenced in masonry-related
ICC-ES AC01, AC58, AC60, and AC106.
ho = depth of full diameter hole in base material,
in. (mm) The recommended allowable loads for an anchor or a group
of anchors are obtained as follows:
= anchor embedded length, in. (mm)
Tension: Nrec = Nallow RN A
th = anchor useable thread length, in. (mm) Shear: Vrec = Vallow RV A
MuM,5% = characteristic flexural resistance of anchor where:
bolt (5% fractile) , in-lb (Nm)
Nrec = recommended tension load
Nallow = allowable tension load, lb (kN) Nallow = allowable load (based on the mean value from
Nd = design tension load (unfactored), lb (kN) laboratory testing to failure and a global safety
Nrec = recommended tension load, lb (kN)
Vrec = recommended shear load
s = anchor axial spacing, in. (mm)
Vallow = allowable shear load
scr = critical spacing between adjacent A = adjustment factor for anchor spacing
loaded anchors, in. (mm)
RN = adjustment factor for edge distance,
smin = minimum spacing between adjacent tension loading
loaded anchors, in. (mm) RV1 = adjustment factor for edge distance, shear loading
S = elastic section modulus of anchor bolt, in. (mm ) 3 3 perpendicular and toward free edge

sW = width of anchor nut across flats, in. (mm) RV2 = adjustment factor for edge distance, shear loading
parallel to free edge
t fix = maximum thickness of attachment
RV3 = adjustment factor for edge distance, shear loading
(e.g. baseplate) to be fastened, in. (mm)
perpendicular and away from free edge
Tinst = recommended anchor installation torque, Adjustment factors are multiplicative and are applied for all
ft-lb (Nm) edge and spacing conditions that are less than ccr and scr,
Tmax = maximum tightening torque, ft-lb (Nm) respectively.

32 Hilti, Inc. (U.S.) 1-800-879-8000 | I en espaol 1-800-879-5000 I Hilti (Canada) Corp. 1-800-363-4458 I I Anchor Fastening Technical Guide
Fastening Technology

3.1 Anchor Principles and Design

3.1.9 Design examples

Strength Design example, mechanical anchors, KWIK HUS-EZ
Determine the controlling
design strength in tension / VB
and shear

Check the controlling 7VB

design strength in tension 
and shear against the
factored service loads in
tension and shear.


parameters: Given:
d0 = 1/2 in. Normal weight concrete, 'c = 4,000 psi; cracked concrete conditions assumed; seismic design category (SDC) C
hnom = 3 in. Reference ACI 318-08, Ch. 9 and ICC-ES ESR-3027 for LRFD Factors
hef = 2.16 in. => Assume condition B for all factors
tfixture = 3/8 in. Carbon steel 1/2" x 4" KWIK HUS-EZ anchors. Anchors are considered non-ductile steel elements
2 anchors in tension: No tension eccentricity
h = 6 in. 2 anchors in shear: No shear eccentricity
s = 5 in. [Seismic with 0 (D. (d))] Nua = 1,000 lb Vua = 800 lb towards the fixed edge
c = 2 in.
Things to check: References:
Geometry requirements Seismic per D. (d) Mechanical anchor KWIK HUS-EZ
Tension design strengths Seismic per D. (c) ACI 318-11, Appendix D
Shear design strengths Tension/shear interaction ICC-ES ESR-3027

Calculation per ACI 318-11 Appendix D, ICC-ES ESR-3027, KWIK HUS-EZ ACI 318 Ref. ESR Ref.
Check minimum anchor spacing, edge distance, concrete member thickness
cmin = 1.75 in. smin = 3 in. D.8
Section 4.1.10
Notes on tension parameters: RD.8
3hef = (3) (2.16 in.) = 6.48 in. s = 5 in. < 6.48 in. consider group action D.5.2.1
Table 2
1.5hef = (1.5) (2.16 in.) = 3.24 in. c = 2 in. < 3.24 in. consider edge influence RD.5.2.1
Notes on shear parameters: D.8
Section 4.1.10
Check shear perpendicular to x + edge ca1 = 2 in. RD.8
3ca1 = (3) (2 in.) = 6 in. s = 5 in. < 6 in. consider group action D.6.2.1
Table 2
1.5ca1 = (1.5) (2 in.) = 3 in. c = 2 in. < 3 in. consider edge influence RD.6.2.1
hmin = 5.50 in. h = 6 in. > 5.50 in. OK
Notes on installation:
Section 4.1.10
hef = 2.16" for a 1/2" KWIK HUS-EZ having hnom = 3".
The anchor length not including the head (anch) = 4" for a 1/2" x 4" KH-EZ.
RD.8 Table 1
The actual hnom = anch tfixture = 4 in. 0.375 in. = 3.625 in.
Table 2
h = 6 in. > 5.50 in. actual hnom = 3.625 in. < 6 in. OK
hhole = 3.625 in. + 0.375 in. = 4 in. 4 in. < 6 in. OK
Calculate nominal steel strength in tension: Nsa D.5.1.2 Section 4.1.2

Two anchors in tension

Highest tension load acting on a single anchor = Nua / 2 = 1,000 lb / 2-anchors = 500 lb / anchor Table 3
Eq. (D-2)
Steel strength: Nsa = 18,120 lb/anchor

40 Hilti, Inc. (U.S.) 1-800-879-8000 | I en espaol 1-800-879-5000 I Hilti (Canada) Corp. 1-800-363-4458 I I Anchor Fastening Technical Guide Profis Anchor 2.6.4
Company: Page: 1
Specifier: Project: 810A Foot bridge 2
Address: Sub-Project I Pos. No.: Pier 1 Stabilizer Anchor
Phone I Fax: | Date: 7/12/2016

Specifier's comments:

1 Input data
Anchor type and diameter: HSA M16 hnom2
Effective embedment depth: hef = 80 mm, hnom = 92 mm
Evaluation Service Report: ETA 11/0374
Issued I Valid: 7/19/2012 | 7/19/2017
Proof: Design method ETAG (No. 001 Annex C/2010)
Stand-off installation: eb = 0 mm (no stand-off); t = 8 mm
Anchor plate: lx x ly x t = 180 mm x 225 mm x 8 mm; (Recommended plate thickness: not calculated
Profile: no profile
Base material: uncracked concrete, C25/30, fcc = 30.00 N/mm2; h = 1000 mm
Installation: hammer drilled hole, Installation condition: Dry
Reinforcement: no reinforcement or reinforcement spacing >= 150 mm (any ) or >= 100 mm ( <= 10 mm)
no longitudinal edge reinforcement

Geometry [mm] & Loading [kN, kNm]

Input data and results must be checked for agreement with the existing conditions and for plausibility!
PROFIS Anchor ( c ) 2003-2009 Hilti AG, FL-9494 Schaan Hilti is a registered Trademark of Hilti AG, Schaan