33 views

Uploaded by preeti.2405

MATHS NOTES

- Algebra Practice Assignment01
- Quadratic Sequences G8
- Cat 2009 QuantTest 104
- Course Outline Math 221C Advanced Algebra
- Alg4
- Linear Algebra Assignment 8
- Chapter 7 Algebraic Formulae
- Algebra
- Limit Proofs
- 216c05
- Cap 3.pdf
- Math Type Tutorial
- Systems of Inequalities.pdf
- algebraic expressions
- shapiro13
- New Problems in OG13
- lesson plan maths yr8 extension activity
- General math rubrics 1.1 (short, 11 copies).docx
- tmp14AC.tmp
- Review 1

You are on page 1of 10

Polynomials

1

(a) x 1 (b) x + 2 (c) x +

2

Solution:

We know by remainder theorem, that when polynomial p(x) is divided by another linear

polynomial (x a), then remainder is given by p(a).

(a) Let p(x) = 4x3 3x2 + 2x 4

remainder is p(1)

i.e., p(1) = 4(1)3 (1)3 + 2(1) 4

=43+24

=1

(b) p(2) = 4(2)3 3(2)2 + 2(2) 4

= 32 12 4 4

= 44 8

= 52

3 2

1 1 1 1

(c) p 4 3 2 4

2 2 2 2

1 1 1

= 4 3 2 4

8 4 2

1 3

= 1 4

2 4

1 3

= 5

2 4

2 3 20

=

4

5 20 25

=

4 4

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

2. Find the value of k, if (x 2) is a factor of the polynomial p(x)= kx2 2 x +1.

Solution:

If (x 2)is a factor of the polynomial.

k 2 2 2 1 0

2

4k 2 2 1

2 2 1

k

4

3. Evaluate (103)3 by using suitable identities.

Solution:

(103)3 = (100 + 3)3

= (100)3 + (3)3 + 3 100 3 (100 + 3)

(using identity (a + b)3 = a3 + b3 + 3ab (a + b))

= 1000000 + 27 + 900 103

= 1092727

4. Factorize: 3u3 4u2 12u +16.

Solution:

3u3 4u2 12u + 16

= u2(3u 4) 4(3u 4)

= (3u 4)( (u2 4)

= (3u 4) (u 2) (u + 2)

(using a2 b2 = (a + b) (a b))

5. Using a suitable identity and without multiplying directly, find the value of (0.98 1.02).

Solution:

(0.98 1.02) = (1.00 0.02) (1.00 + 0.02)

= (1.00)2 (0.0)2

[ (a b) (a + b) = a2 b2]

= 1 0.0004

= 0.9996

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

6. For what value of m is 2x3 + mx2 + 11x + m + 3 exactly divisible by (2x1)?

Solution:

Let p(x) = 2x3 + mx2 + 11x + m + 3.

We know that p(x) will be exactly divisible by (2x 1) if remainder is zero

1

i.e. if p = 0

2

3 2

1 1 1 1

p 2 m 11 m 3 0

2 2 2 2

1 1 1

2 m 11 m 3 0

8 4 2

1 m 11

m30

4 4 2

1 22 12 m 4m

0

4 4

35 5m

0

4 4

35 + 5m = 0

5m = 35

35

m=

5

m=7

1 1

7. If x + =7, then find the value of x3 3 .

x x

Solution:

1

We have, x 7

x

We know that,

3

1 1 1

x x 3

3 x

x x3

x

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

7

3

= 3 7 342 21

= 322

8. If a + b=10 and a2 + b2 = 58, then find the value of a3 + b3.

Solution:

We have,

a + b = 10 and a2 + b2 = 58

We know that,

(a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab

(10)2 = 58 + 2ab

100 = 58 + 2ab

2ab = 100 58

2ab = 42

42

ab 21

2

Now, we know that,

a3 + b3 = (a + b)3 3ab(a + b)

= (10)3 3 21 10

= 1000 630 = 379

9. The polynomial p(x)=4x3 2x2 + px + 5and q(x)=x3 + 6x2 + p, leave the remainders a and b

respectively, when divided by (x+2). Find the value of p, if a + b=0.

Solution:

We have, p(x) = 4x3 2x2 + px + 5

and q(x) = x3 + 6x2 + p

When p(x) and q(x) divided by (x + 2), then leave the remainders a and b, respectively.

p(2) = 4(2)3 2 (2)2 + p(2) + 5

a = 32 8 2p + 5

a = 35 2p

and p(2) = (2)3 + 6(2)2 + p

b = 8 + 24 + p

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

b = 16 + p

Given, a + b = 0

2p 35 + p +16 = 0

p 19 = 0

p = 19

p = 19

10. Factorize:(3a 5b)3 + (4c 3a)3 + (5b 4c)3.

Solution:

Given expression is

(3a 5b)3 + (4c 3a)3 + (5b 4c)3

Now, (3a 5b) + (4c 3a) + (5b 4c)

= 3a 3a 5b + 4c 4c

=0

(3a 5b)3 + (4c 3a)3 + (5b 4c)3

= 3(3a 5b) (4c 3a)(5b 4c)

[ if a + b + c = 0, then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc]

M:M: 40 M: Time: 40Min.

1. Factorize: (i) 36a3b 60a2bc (ii) 5x2 20xy [4]

Solution:

(i) 36a3b 60a2bc = 12a2b(3a 5c)

(ii) 5x2 20xy = 5x(x 4y)

2. Find the value of 64x3 125y3, if

4x 5y = 16

www.pioneermathematics.com S.C.O. - 326, Sector 40D, CHD. Phone: 9815527721, 4617721 7

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

and xy = 12 [4]

Solution:

Given, 4x 5y =16

On cubing both sides, we get

(4x-5y)3=(16)3

(4x)3 (5y)3 3 4 5y(4x 5y) = (16)3

[using (a b)3 = a3 b3 3ab(a b)]

64x3 125y3 60xy(4x 5y) = 4096

64x3 125y3 60 12 16 = 4096

[ xy = 12 and 4x 5y = 16, given]

64x3 125y3 11520 = 4096

64x3 12573 =4096+11520

Hence, 64x3 125y3 =15616

3. Find the zeroes of the polynomial f(x) = 2x3 + 3x2 11x 6. [4]

Solution:

Let f(x) = x40 + x51 +5

If f(x) is divisible by (x + 1), then remainder is f(1).

Remainder = f(1)

= (-1)40 +(1)51 +5

=1 1 + 5 = 5

4. If x40 + x51 + 5 is divisible by x + 1, then find the remainder. [4]

Solution:

Consider f(x) = ax2 + 5x + b

1

(x 3) and x are factors of f(x).

3

1

f(3) = 0 and f = 0

3

a 32 +5 3 + b = 0

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

2

1 1

and a 5 b 0

3 3

9a + 15 + b =0

a 5

and b0

9 3

9a + b+15 = 0

and a +9b + 15 = 0

9a + b = 15 (i)

and a + 9b =15 ...(ii)

From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get

9a + b = a + 96

8a = 8b

a=b

1

5. If (x 3) and x are both factors of ax2 + 5x + b, then show that a = b. [4]

3

Solution:

Given, f(x)=x2 5x + 1 ...(i)

Put x = 2 in Eq. (i),

f(2) = (2)2 5 2+1

= 4 10 + 1

= 5 10 = 5

Put x = 1 in Eq. (i),

f(1) = (1)25 (1) + 1

=1+ 5 + 1 = 7

1

Put x = in Eq. (i),

3

2

1 1 1

f 5 1

3 3 3

1 5 1 15 9 5

= 1

9 3 9 9

www.pioneermathematics.com S.C.O. - 326, Sector 40D, CHD. Phone: 9815527721, 4617721 9

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

5 5

= 5 7 12

9 9

108 5 113

=

9 9

1

6. If f(x) = x2 5x + 1, then evaluate: f 2 f 1 f . [4]

3

Solution:

f(x) = x2 5x + 1

f(2) = (2)2 5(2) + 1

= 4 10 + 1

= 6 + 1 = 5

f(1) = (1)2 5(1) + 1

=1+5+1

=7

2

1 1 1

f 5 1

3 3 3

1 5 15 9

= 1

9 3 9

14 9 5

=

9 9

1 5 5

f(2) f(1) + f = 5 7 = 12

3 9 9

108 5 113

=

9 9

7. Factorize: the following: 12(x2 + 7x)2 8(x2 + 7x) (2x 1) 15(2x 1)2. [4]

Solution:

12(x2 + 7x)2 (8x2 + 7x) (2x 1) 15(2x 1)2

let a = x2 + 7x, b = 2x 1

Therefore, we have

12a2 8ab 15b2

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

2

a a

= b 12 15

2

b b

a

2

a a

= b 12 18 10 15

2

b

b b

a a a

= b2 6 2 3 5 2 3

b b b

6a 2a

= b2 5 3

b b

b2 6a 5b 2a 3b

=

b2

= (6a + 5b) (2a 3b)

= {6(x2 + 7x) + 5(2x 1)} {2(x2 + 7x) 3(2x 1)}

= (6x2 + 42x + 10x 5) (2x2 + 14x 6x + 3)

= (6x2 + 52x 5) (2x2 + 8x + 3)

8. Factorize: x4 + x3 7x2 x + 6. [4]

Solution:

x4 + x3 7x2 x + 6

= x4 + x3 (7x2 + x 6)

= x4 + x3 (7x2 + 7x 6x 6)

= x4 + x3 {7x(x + 1) 6(x + 1)}

= x4 + x3 (7x 6) (x + 1)

= x3 (x + 1) (7x 6) (x + 1)

= (x + 1) (x3 7x + 6)

= (x + 1) (x3 + x2 7x + 6 x2)

(adding and subtracting x2)

= (x + 1) {x3 x2 + (x2 7x + 6)}

= (x + 1) {x3 x2 + (x2 6x 1x + 6)}

= (x + 1) {x2 (x 1) + (x 1) (x 6)}

= (x + 1) (x 1) (x2 + x 6) = (x + 1) (x 1) (x + 3) (x 2)

www.pioneermathematics.com S.C.O. - 326, Sector 40D, CHD. Phone: 9815527721, 4617721 11

Pioneer Education {The Best Way To Success} IIT JEE /AIPMT/NTSE/Olympiads Classes

9. Factorize: a8 b8. [4]

Solution:

a b

2 2

4 4

a 8 b8 =

= a b a b

4 4 4 4

a a b

2 2

= 4

b4 2 2

= a 4

b4 a2 b2 a2 b2

= a2 b2 a2 b2 a b a b

2 2

= a 2

2

b2 2a2b2 a b a ba b

2 2

= a 2

b2 2ab a2 b2 2ab a2 b2 a b a b

10. Simplify (a + b)3 (a b)3 6b(a2 b2). [4]

Solution:

(a + b)3 (a b)3 6b(a2 b2)

= {(a + b) (a b)} {(a + b)2 + (a b)2 + (a + b) (a b)2 6b(a2 b2)

= (a + b a + b) (a2 + b2 + 2ab + a2 + b2 2ab + a2 b2)

= 2b(2a2 + 2b2 + a2 b2) 6b(a2 b2)

= 2b(3a2 + b2 3a2 + 3b2)

= 2b(4b2)

= 8b3.

- Algebra Practice Assignment01Uploaded bySahil Arora
- Quadratic Sequences G8Uploaded byAnonymous gm4mu5HxQc
- Cat 2009 QuantTest 104Uploaded bycomplore
- Course Outline Math 221C Advanced AlgebraUploaded byherbertjohn24
- Alg4Uploaded byKamal Lohia
- Linear Algebra Assignment 8Uploaded byAdnan Alam Khan
- Chapter 7 Algebraic FormulaeUploaded byDang Tzer Shiuan
- AlgebraUploaded bySathya kiruba
- Limit ProofsUploaded byRafael Cantagalli
- 216c05Uploaded byLouis Guy
- Cap 3.pdfUploaded byNestor Fernando Guerrero Recalde
- Math Type TutorialUploaded byLindsey Laing
- Systems of Inequalities.pdfUploaded byYaw Kean Huat
- algebraic expressionsUploaded byIlyana Ghazali
- shapiro13Uploaded byVnmath dot com
- New Problems in OG13Uploaded byAnkit Malhotra
- lesson plan maths yr8 extension activityUploaded byapi-261796940
- General math rubrics 1.1 (short, 11 copies).docxUploaded byLove
- tmp14AC.tmpUploaded byFrontiers
- Review 1Uploaded bygjdapromise
- Math Objective Questions P 1Uploaded byPaviter Singh
- phpIxmoT9Uploaded byContinuing Education at the University of Vermont
- IRJET-Real-Time Facial Age Estimation Using Image Processing For Automated Control SystemsUploaded byIRJET Journal
- SHA-3 KeccakUploaded byRandall Alexander
- YEAR 1Uploaded bySameer Mehra
- Maths Gyan GangaUploaded bybhartiyaanuj
- ME6201_2012Fall_HW1_solution.pdfUploaded byFarideh
- CSE315_MT_Q1_4Uploaded byYusuf Ziya Tiryaki
- Solution5_1_19.pdfUploaded bySahabudeen Salaeh
- EC2mk_HUploaded by007salman

- 1 Cup Gobindo BhogUploaded bypreeti.2405
- RI ResearchUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Active-and-passive-voice.pdfUploaded byrakesh
- Notification_Advertisement.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Aug 2013Uploaded bypreeti.2405
- Current Affairs June 2013 Www.bankingawareness.comUploaded byKarthick Naik
- bconUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Topic 5 Atomic physics notes.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- GATE 2012 Mechanical EngineeringUploaded byPramod R Bidve
- oxo_act02_c3uu_cm01_xxaannUploaded bypreeti.2405
- 0708 Periodic Table (1)Uploaded bypreeti.2405
- Exercise Book on Business Laws.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- master key by AD.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- master key by AD.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Rbi Handout09122016Uploaded bySatish Chandra Tiyu
- Trade TipsUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Maths Notes for Class 10 Chapter 4 Quadratic EquationsUploaded bypreeti.2405
- class 9 cbse sample paper science sa2 downlaod .pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- CBSE Class X (Science) Page 1 30Uploaded byनितेश भारद्वाज
- Advanced MathsUploaded bypreeti.2405
- chapter_3_pair_of_linear_equations_in_two_variables.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- 31-60.pdfUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Chemistry chap 1Uploaded bypreeti.2405
- AmlUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Igcse Chemistry SolutionsUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Discipline ConceptUploaded bypreeti.2405
- Maths Notes for Class 10 Chapter 13 Surface Areas and VolumesUploaded bypreeti.2405
- FivesUploaded bypreeti.2405
- CBSE Class 10 Formulaes for All ChaptersUploaded bypreeti.2405

- Catalog.college.emory.edu-Mathematics and Computer Science DepartmentUploaded byMaxwell Long
- 2_ErrorAnalysisUploaded bybadaboy
- 23153 bmt1014 chap03 linear programmingUploaded byapi-305852139
- Homogenization Wave EquationUploaded bydeiveegan1
- Reaction Diffusion 10 x FasterUploaded byTom
- Maths_PGUploaded byVijay Xavier
- MIA 502E (1)Uploaded bykanuni41
- Presentation BAAS_Conf08Uploaded byhkabir_ju
- CRC.discovering.computer.science.interdisciplinary.problems.principles.and.Python.programmingUploaded byasadfx
- Solar Car AerodynamicsUploaded byNeil Wu
- AnalogNumericalAnalysis_June2017Uploaded byRajesh Verma
- 11974Uploaded bydaleps4
- ME268Uploaded bytennisstarbyfar
- Numerical Analysis Using MATLAB and Excel - Steven T. Karris.pdfUploaded byAshenafi
- SolutionUploaded byAashutosh Raj Timilsena
- CBNSTUploaded byfreedomtok
- Computational Finance Using MATLABUploaded bypopoyboys
- WilsonbookUploaded bychuncho88
- Pages From Zhang2015Uploaded byKAS Mohamed
- Discrete Wavelet Transform ..Uploaded byid.priyanka
- ecuaciones de en mathcadUploaded bySantosCalaniGonzales
- Ghia v., High-Resolutions for Incompressible Flow Using the Navier-Stokes Equations and a Multi-grid MethodUploaded byCarlos Montilla
- #1 Matematika Optimasi.pdfUploaded byDheandra Nur Aisyah
- 99ebook Com Msg00046174Uploaded byRichard Bryan
- Copy of MathsUploaded byKoustavGhosh
- Mtech Civil GeoengUploaded byAbhishek Bagarty
- 9218_et_etUploaded byPranavArora
- Lecture 07Uploaded byslimane1
- Mod infoUploaded byxjthecool
- [Prof. Dr. Vladimir G. Boltyanski (Auth.), Prof. DUploaded byJosmir S. Rodríguez K.