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Wi-Fi Based Scheduling for Smart Plant Irrigation Control

This is a smart irrigation controller that you can sync to your smartphone or tablet via
WiFi. You can easily monitor what is going on with your system and make changes in the
controller program even when far away from home, because your wireless device can act as a
remote control. As long as you have a WiFi connection you can alter your watering schedules
while on vacation or traveling for business. The unit can also learn from you as you teach it
about unique characteristics in your yard. As it gets smarter, it can continue to tweak your
irrigation schedule. There are other technologies such as Infrared, RF, Bluetooth, Zigbee
communication but WI-FI has certain advantages over these technologies.

Considering the advantages of Wi-Fi , an advanced automation system was developed


to control the appliances in the house. It is a wireless technology that uses radio frequency to
transmit data through the air. Wi-Fi has initial speeds of 1 mbps to 2 mbps. Wi-Fi transmits data
in the frequency band of 2.4 GHz. It implements the concept of frequency division multiplexing
technology. Range of Wi-Fi technology is 50-300 feet. The processing device for the
automation in the project is a Microcontroller. The data sent from PC or handheld Android
Device over Wi-Fi will be received by Wi-Fi module connected to Microcontroller.
Microcontroller reads the data and performs the switching action of electrical devices
connected to it through Relays or Triac switches.

Using your WiFi network, the controller accesses the internet directly through your
router. Simply enter your wireless password into the unit and it will connect. The unit can then
access a live stream from weather stations close to you, meaning it will work with the most up-
to-date information and will be able to modify the irrigation schedule based on that
information. When you download the app for your Smartphone or other wireless device, you
can then control the unit remotely.
Advantages of Wi-Fi Communication :

1. Wi-Fi is user-friendly interfacing.

2. Low power consumption.

3. Controls high and low voltage devices.

4. Long life.

5. Reduced installation costs.

6. Easy implementation,installation, and coverage.

7. System scalability and easy extension

Software Tools:

ARDUINO IDE

EMBDDED CPP CODE

PROTEUS SIMULATOR

Hardware :

ATMEGA328 Microcontroller

Wi-Fi Module.
Relay
Water Pump Motor
ULN2003 Current Driver
16*2 LCD Display
BLOCK DIAGRAM :

16*2 LCD DISPLAY

Water
WI-FI MODULE ATMEGA328
Pump
ULN2003 RELAY
MCU Motor
DRIVER

REGULATED POWER SUPPLY