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Download Theory of Vibration with application 5th Solution

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SOLVED PROBLEMS

For the slope shown in the figure below, find the safety factor against sliding for the trial slip

surface AC. Use the ordinary method of slices.

Solution:

The weight (W) of each slice and its tangential and normal components are calculated and

tabulated in the following table.

No. (kN/m) (deg.) sin n cos n Ln (m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

2 294.4 54 0.81 0.588 6.803 238.5 173.1

3 435.2 38 0.616 0.788 5.076 268.1 342.94

4 435.2 24 0.407 0.914 4.376 177.1 397.8

5 390.4 12 0.208 0.978 4.09 81.2 381.8

6 268.8 0 0 1 4 0 268.8

7 66.58 -8 -0.139 0.990 3.232 -9.25 65.9

30.501 m 776.75 kN/m 1637.04 kN/m

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

col.8

tan

c ( col .6 ) +

c L+ W cos tan

F . S .= =

W sin

20

tan

F . S .= 1.55

20 ( 30.501 )+ ( 1637.04 )

Using Bishops simplified method, determine the short term stability of the slope shown in the

figure below. Given that the slope was initially submerged with water and that the water level

has now been drawn down to the level of the top of the sand.

Solution:

Initially the centre and radius of the failure plane must be assumed. The calculations presented below

are for one such assumption. However, to find the factor of safety of the slope, a number of centres

and radii will be needed to find the combination that gives the minimum factor of safety.

xi = 2.5 m measured from the figure

i = sin-1 (2.5/5.83) = 25.4o or measure from the figure. Note that is positive for

slices giving positive overturning moments

2

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

Wi sin i = 35.36 sin (25.4) = 15.17 kN/m

ui = Z = (9.81)(0.268) = 2.628 kN/m

ci xi + (Wi ui xi) tan i = (0)(1) + [35.36 (2.628)(1)] tan 30o = 18.9 kN/m

Note that it is the friction angle, not in this

calculation

Now assume a factor of safety, say F = 3

Mi = cos i (1 + tan i tan i /F) = cos(25.4) [1+ tan (25.4) tan(30)/3] = 0.986

or read Mi off the chart for = 25.4 and (tan /F = tan(30)/3 = 0.19

The results for all the slices can be similarly evaluated and tabulated as shown below:

No. o

() (m) (kPa) (kN/m) (W u

(kN/m) x x) tan

(kN/m

) (kN/m)

2 -14.9 1.0 6.227 12.70 -3.77 - 3.74 0.917 4.08

3 -4.93 1.0 7.942 23.69 -2.03 - 9.09 0.980 9.28

4 4.93 1.0 7.942 38.69 3.317 - 17.75 1.013 17.52

5 14.89 1.0 6.227 42.70 10.98 - 21.06 1.016 20.73

6 25.4 1.0 2.628 35.36 15.17 - 18.9 0.986 19.17

7 36.87 1.0 - 24.96 14.98 25.0 25 0.800 31.26

8 50.53 1.0 - 10.62 8.20 25.0 25 0.636 39.30

F=

T / M = 143 .3

= 3.22

W sin 44 . 54

Then using the updated F=3.22 re-evaluate M and T / M until the solution converges. In this

problem this gives F = 3.25

A slope has an inclination of 30 o and is 8 m high. The soil properties are c u = 20 kN/m3, u

=5o, bulk = 15 kN/m3. Determine the short term factor of safety if the clay deposit is infinitely

deep.

8m

30o

3

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

Solution:

c

011

.

From Taylor stability chart, Fig.(10.18) for i = 30o and = 5o: HF

c 20

F= = =1.5

Hence

HN s (15)(8)(0.11)

However, for the correct solution a factored tan-1[(tan /F] should be used. So having

determined F.O.S. an iterative procedure is required using the updated * to determine the

correct factor of safety.

Regions on the chart indicate that the failure in this problem is a deep-seated failure mode.

A cut 7.5m deep is to be made in a stratum of highly cohesive soil as shown in the figure

below.

1. The slope angle is 30.

2. Bedrock is located 12m below the original ground surface.

3. The soil has a unit weight of 18.86 kN/m3; cohesion = 31.1 kN/m2 and angle of internal

friction = 0. Find the F.O.S. against slope failure.

30o c 31.1 kN/m2 12m

0

18.86 kN/m3

Rock

Solution:

cd 31.1

(Taylors stability number) Ns ; F= = 1.29

HF ( 18.86 )( 7.5 ) ( 0.17)

4

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

Find the Factor of Safety of the slope cut shown in the figure below. Given that c = 7.2

kN/m2, = 25 and = 16.50 kN/m3.

Permeable Soil: 16.5 kN/m3

1

3m 1

Highly Impermeable

Cohesive Soil

4.5m 30o

Solution:

D 3 1.5m

L= = = 6m 45o

sin sin 30

D 3

h= sin( )= sin(4530)= 1.1m

sin sin 45

L h ( 6 ) ( 1.1 ) (16.5)

w= = = 54.45 kN/m

2 2

30

25

tan

30 2.39

sin

cos

( 7.2 )( 6 )+(54.45)

c L+W cos tan

F . S .= =

W sin

A 1.8 m deep vertical trench wall is to be dug in a soil without shoring. The soils unit weight,

angel of internal friction, and cohesion are 19.0 kN/m 3, 28, and 20.2 kN/m2 respectively.

Find the Factor of safety of this trench using the Culmann method.

Note: This method assumes that sliding occurs along plane passes through the toe of the

slope.

5

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

Solution:

4 c d si n cos d

H=

[ 1cos ( d ) ]

Try a F.S.

tan tan28

tan d = = = 0.532

F . S . 1.0

Therefore, d = 28 and = 90for a vertical wall.

( 4 ) ( c d ) sin 90 cos 28

1.8= ; cd = 5.14 kN/m2

19 [ 1cos(9028) ]

c 20.2

F . S .c = = = 3.93 kN/m2

c d 5.14

Try a F.S.

tan tan28

tan d = = = 0.265

F . S . 2.0

1.8= ; cd = 6.57 kN/m2

19 [ 1cos(9014.89) ]

c 20.2

F . S .c = = = 3.07 kN/m2

c d 6.57

Try a F.S.

tan tan28

tan d = = = 0.177

F . S . 3.0

1.8= ; cd = 7.17 kN/m2

19 [ 1cos(9010.04) ]

6

Soil Mechanics Assist. Prof. Dr. Rafi' M. S.

c 20.2

F . S .c = = = 2.82 kN/m2

c d 7. 17

Since [F.S.c

[ F.S.the correctfactor of safety

has not yet been found. Rather than

continue the trial and error procedure, the

values of F . S .c and F . S . are

plotted in figure, from which the

applicable factor of safety of about 2.84

can be read.

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