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1 Human Values

Human values are basic moral value one should possess to live as a citizen or as a person.

Foundations/Principles of Human Values:
Human values are based on the following aspects:
a. The dignity of human life
b. Respect for others
c. Interconnection of human and environment
d. Integrity and Service
e. Non violence
f. Quest for peace and happiness

Need for Human Values:

Human values are very much needed because:

a. Changes in Culture: The cultural changes that takes place in the world level leads to common
human values which need to be adopted by everyone.
b. Globalisation : The globalization also had brought some changes in the life of the individuals.
Hence certain human values would help people to be more adaptive.
c. Create peaceful world: Human values are very essential to create peaceful world without wars
and conflicts.
d. Create sense of unity : Human values are the same for all human beings which creates a sense of
unity among the people.

Elements/ Sub Values of Human Values:

The Sub values or elements of Human values are :

1. Love (Caring, Sharing, Sympathy)
2. Truth (Honesty, Integrity)
3. Right Conduct(Courage, Ethics , Respect)
4. Peace (Discipline, Self Confidence)
5. Non Violence (Citizenship, Forgiveness)

1. Love – Caring, dedication, Friendship, Generosity, Helping, Kindness, Patience, Forgiveness,
2. Truth – Equality, Honesty, Integrity, Self worth, Unity in Thought
3. Right conduct – Cleanliness, Courage, Duty, Ethics, Goals, Leadership, Respect
4. Peace – Focus, Calm, Concentration, Discipline, Humility, Satisfaction, Self Control,
confidence, Understanding
5. Non-Violence – Appreciation of other religion and culture, Brotherhood, Citizenship,
Cooperation, Loyalty, Social Justice.

. discussing and writing about their service experience  Providing an opportunity for students to use skills and knowledge in real life situations. Eg: Rural literacy and computer skills for students Importance of Service Learning:  It is an effective strategy to help students by Promoting learning through active participation in service experiences. volunteering. An individual may exhibit civic virtue by voting.1. 1.3. meaningful and real to the participants.1 Service Learning It is a teaching and learning strategy that integrate meaningful community service with instruction and reflection to enrich the learning experience. teach civic responsibility and strengthen communities. defined community needs.  Providing structured time for students to reflect by thinking.  Extending learning beyond the classroom and into the community and fostering a sense of caring for others  Service learning also strengthens both education and local communities by:  Building effective collaborative partnership between schools or colleges and other institutions and organizations.  Engaging parents and other adults in supporting students learning  Meeting community needs through the service projects conduced Characteristics of Service learning:  It links to academic content and standards  It involved young people in helping to determine and meet real. organizing a book group or attended a public oriented meeting.2 Civic Virtue: Definition: It is morality or a standard of righteous behavior in relationship to a citizens involvement in society.3.  It is reciprocal in nature benefitting both the community and the service providers by combining a service experience with a learning experience  It can be used in any subject area so long as it is appropriate to learning goals  It is positive. It is a tool used widely by sociologist to encourage students to make connections between classroom learning and the large community.

Civic. Civic virtue or responsibility is comprised of actions and attitudes associated with democratic governance and social participation.2 Living peacefully: Peace concept:  It can be said to be a passive state of mind. brain power and also the environment around. freedom.4. caring and contributing member of the society. diversity.  It is a public good. equality. truth. patriotism and human right. a citizen Responsibility – It refers to “ the state or quality of being responsible or something for which one is responsibility such as duty and obligation. It has its own strength and power. authority.. responsible . citizens ensure and uphold certain democratic values written in the Indian Constitution and Bill of Rights  Those values or duties include justice.4.  It has a great influence on mind. Importance of civic virtue:  Helps to understand their ties to the community and the people responsibilities.  Peaceful mind can work efficiently  Good ideas take shapes in a peaceful mind giving birth to good results .1 Respect for others: Respect for others is  Learnt from parents.  Compromise is a civic virtue in a democracy  Moral courage 1. Citizen – is a person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or Union. Need /Why Civic Virtue?  It is the moral underpinning of how a citizen related to society  What are civic virtues? / Elements  Engaging with others from a stance of open-hearted conviction and sincerity.It means relating to or belonging to a city.  By engaging in civic responsibility. teachers and leaders  Respecting rules and laws  Family and cultural traditions  Others feeling/opinions 1. Citizenship – means a production. privacy.

 It gives peace of mind. thoughts. food. . It is “To be concerned about and to facilitate the growth and actualization of other people even oneself”.4.3 Caring : It is defined as is knowing. 1.  This emotional awareness is related to our emotional intelligence.5. deny and lie about one’s feeling. 1. book.  Children start out emotionally honest. They express their true feelings freely and spontaneously.  We must first be emotionally aware. affection and kindness.  Living peacefully is not only individual but collective  It achieves meetings.1 Honesty It means expressing one’s true feeling Essentials of Honesty:  To be able to be emotionally honest. a feeling of fulfillment and satisfaction. feeling and acting in the interest of others. organization and institutional activities. material. sorrow and work.  Sharing should be with sincerity. time. Elements: The major elements of sharing are  Devotion  Constancy  Learning and living  It includes: One’s Self  Help the other to care for  Involves desire and motivation  Heart of ethics 1.  Emotional intelligence may also give us the ability to decide when it is in our best interest to be emotionally hones by sharing our real feelings. gatherings. Emotional honesty:  Dishonesty requires more energy than the emotional honesty. Society and discourage of honesty:  Society teaches us to ignore. knowledge. But the training to be emotionally dishonest begin at early stages.4 Sharing:  Sharing could be in the form of money. happiness.4.

Courage can be promoted. . mastering of fear. It is never formulaic or automatic but requires constant vigilance against its opposite and it counterfeit. even if you expect from fail. Physical courage is the willingness to face serious risk to life or limb instead of feelings from it 2. It has value. 3. Building Courage: It requires strengath of mind. self –esteem or other characteristics. But it should be used effectively. innovative ideas. But only 8 hours is used for special purposes. seriousness of attempt. encouraged.  Dishonest may lost the value of ones natural feelings  It takes energy to oppose reality. There is a need to utilize that 8 hours in an effective way.5. Effectiveness: Everyone is forced to use time.2 Courage: Courage is a quality reserved for soldiers. but rather the judgement that something else is more important than fear. Its about facing mental challenges that could harm one’s reputation. Eg:training 4. Definiton: Amborse Redmoon defines courage is not the absence of fear. Time is money: Engineers must learn to think of their time and their time as a valuable resource like money or gold. and raut through teaching . emotional well being. Two important ways  Raise your consciousness  Move from fear to action. 1. 3.but not absence of fear – Mark Twain Salient features of courage: 1. 2. will to survie. Time cannot be saved: Time is a resource that cannot be accumulated or stored for future use. Time as a resource: 1. |Courage is resistance to fear. firefighters and acitivists. nature and evolution 1. Thus Time is a measure of ones usefulness and success.6 Valuing Time Introduction: The time available for man to be spent in a day is 24 hours. It is ob served that the secret of successful persons is that they are good at time management. Moral courage is not about facing physicalchallence.

Poor use of telephone Time management principles: The essential steps required to manage one’s time are given below: 1. Then the objective is broken down into smaller tasks. Need/Benefits of Cooperation:  Unity gives strength  Teamwork requires cooperation  Everybody depends on others  It gives success in completing a work . Allocate a slot of time for time management.Time Management: It is the rational way to ensure that our limited time is always used effectively. Poor delegation 4. Poorly organized supervision 8. Prioritize tasks: Priority refers to importance. Identifying Time Waters: Some common time wasters identified by engineers are given below: 1. Ineffective communication 6. Stick to scheduled tasks: Now one has to follow the plans. stick to them and complete with in time. Character Cooperation: Meaning: Cooperation is the process of working together and achieving the objectives. 1. 4. Commitment.7. 5. Clear objectives: First the overall objective should be identified. Too much socialising 5. 2. Empathy. Self Confidence. Allow time to manage your time: Since planning the time is an active process. Unscheduled and Scheduled meetings 2. Lack of adequate planning 3.1 Cooperation. The unexpected: While planning the time. 6. consider the unexpected jobs and activities also. Lack of goals and objectives 7. Managing time wasters: All sorts of time wasters should be reduced or removed. The tasks are arranged based on importance. 3.

Empathy is understanding how happy or sad the other person is. Honesty 1. 2. Sympathy is negative. ideas and actions.3 Empathy: Definition : The ability to imagine oneself in another’s place and understand the other’s feelings. Commitment of Engineers: a.7. Work with diligence b. Innovation c. confusion. 3. Sympathy is feeling sad for other person’s loss. Sympathy is about actions. innovation is not possible. Empathy is both positive and negative. inadequacy. Characteristics of Empathy:  Empathy is the ability to read other people’s emotions. desires. Empathy is about feeling.7. disorder. cannot organize any programmes.  It is the ability to experience the emotions of others  It is the ability to put oneself in others position Elements:  Ability to imagine  Self awareness or self consciousness  Recognising othehy  Existence of accessible feelings.2 Commitment: It starts from student days Engineers commitment start with an intellect and profession diligence and must discharge the duties with devotion and commitment. . 1. Difference between sympathy and empathy: 1.Problems of Non cooperation: Non cooperation leads to fear. ideas and actions  Empathor – The person who empathises  Emapthee – The object of empathy  Availability of a moral frame of reference  Availbility of aesthetic frame of reference. desires.

The other person also will try to understand and cooperate. b. c. Proper Planning d. Self Help 1. Thus the information given is well understood and agreed. Empathy heals: It is a healing experience for someone to be empathized. Empathy leads to getting immediate feedback which closes the loop of communication. d.5 Character: Derived from Greek word ‘charakter’ which was originally used of a mark impressed upon a coin. 1.  It generates positive thinking  Facing competitions Developing Self Confidence: The methods to develop self confidence are a. Positive Thinking c.7. . A strong mind is very much necessary for every one. The problems faced by others acts as a self healing and the care shown towards others heals them. It includes mannerism. So it may not be believed in the beginning. Empathy closes the loop: Empathy makes communication very effective. social gestures or habits of dress.Benefits of Empathy: Empathy has many benefits such as : a.4 Self Confidence: Self confidence is the belief on self.7. Character mean a distinctive mark by which one is distinguished from others. Self Improvement b. Empathy connects people together: When one empathise other person. there is a connection developed between the two people. Importance of Self Confidence:  It generates hidden power and strength to undertake any difficult task. Empathy builds trust : Empathy may be a surprise for others. But in course of time the trust is developed.

b. Commitment to learn spiritual values of the work place 2. 6.Virtue of hope and love  Islam – Virtue of Excellence  Hinduism – Virtue of correctness of action  Work Place Spirituality:  It is the value given to the job. It emphasizes a constant awareness of the spiritual dimension of nature. Performance leads to earning . Create list of actions and behaviours of spiritual value.8. Nature pertain to mans thinking and behaviour. Workplace spirituality Religious spirituality:  Moral obligation are duties to god  Belief in religion  Emphasis on virtue  Eg: Christianity. But character is the mean to achieve the goal. Trust others in a responsible way. Character is based on will. Religious spirituality b. It is a sense of self. Character and Man’s Will/Temperament: Temperament or man’s will is related to mechanical skills such as boldness. Use teamwork 9. Continuous learning 7. Concept of Character: a.1 Spirituality : It is a broad term that refers to the way of living. Character and Virtue : Character is different from virtue. Commitment to work every day 8. Virtue is the mortal purpose of a human being. It is the goal for which an individual strives. Sum total of nature is termed as character. c. 1. Integrate values and ethics 4. 3. The character is weak or strong based on the temperament. Create a personal wellness program like exercise 5. Types of spirituality: a. Character and Nature: Character is different from Nature. The ways to create work place spirituality are 1.

Meditation is a part of yoga. Many stress therapists recognize that regular meditation and relaxation can of significant help in reducing stress to manageable and healthy levels.10. Characteristics: Eustress:  Improves performance  Short term in nature  Motivates and focuses energy Distress:  Demotivating and displaces energy  Causes anxiety. It means discipline. Kundalini etc Meditation: It is a technique in which the meditator seeks not only to reach a deep state of relaxation but to quiet the mind. Types of Stress : There are two types of stress such as Eustress and distress Eustress is a positive stress and distress is negative. Pranayama. Bikram. Ashthanga. worry or concern  Feels generally unpleasant  Decreases overall performance  May lead to physical illness/Mental fatigue .8.2 Introduction to Yoga and Meditation for Professional Excellence and Stress Management: Yoga: The word ‘Yoga’ means ‘Yoke’ or ‘Unity’ translated from sansrit. Types of Yoga: Ananda. Stress Management: The point of stress reduction and stress management is to eliminate stress from our life. Focus on actions and leave the rest to to the God 1.