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Jorge Tabars Garca

Community-based art: To quote from the Reading, this kind of art is typically
understood as a descriptive practice in which the community functions as a referential
social entity. It is an other to the artist and the art world, and its identity is understood to
be immanent to itself, thus available to self expression. This type of art evolved and
developed from Public Art. Projects that serves as examples of community-based art
are: Culture in Action and In Public: Seattle 1991. In these types of projects, the artists
work with the local people of a community and make art together. Many times these
projects are aimed to reinforce a particular group in society that would otherwise remain
marginalized. In the case of Culture in Action, it consisted of a series of 8 projects that
took place throughout the city of Chicago.

Culture in Action: this was an event that took place in Chicago in 1993. It was
sponsored by Sculpture Chicago and curated by Mary Jane Jacob. The event was
comprised of eight different projects throughout the city of Chicago, all of which took
place from May to September of 1993. Culture in Action aimed to reinvent and rethink
the concept of public art. Instead of thinking about specific sites as possible scenarios
for their projects, they thought of the entire city as a possible scenario. They also
focused on the role of the audience as participants in the creation process of the public
art work. Thus, it is believed by many that this is a way of democratizing the audience,
which is to say, empowering the audience in the creation of artworks.

New genre public art: this is a new kind of movement that has emerged from public art.
Artists in this movement tackle a variety of issues of relevance nowadays, such as toxic
waste, homelessness, vandalism, ethnic, racial and cultural identity, and so forth. As you
may appreciate, these are all problems and issues that one is very likely to find mostly
in cities and large urban areas. This movement is based on engaging the public in the
creational process of a work.

Marxism: this was a term brought up several times during the reading, and a concept
that has most likely influenced the author of the reading in his vision on several topics.
Marxism a method of socioeconomic analysis developed in the 1800s by Karl Marx and
Friedrich Engels. Marxism criticized the socioeconomic structure of capitalism in the
1800s, where there was a highly productive, systematized and mechanized production,
by the proletariat, and a small minority of private owners, the bourgeoisie, who kept
all the profit (surplus).