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Share of renewables in electricity production (%)

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

World 19.74 19.66 19.59 20.21 19.96 20.28 19.97 19.84 19.49 19.11 18.79 18.31 18.23 17.82
OECD 17.71 17.45 17.36 17.93 16.94 17.57 17.55 17.36 16.60 16.33 16.14 15.35 15.67 15.46
G7 15.11 15.09 14.70 15.13 14.47 15.06 15.51 15.15 14.11 14.05 13.54 12.74 13.57 13.65
BRICS 24.22 23.96 24.10 24.72 25.70 25.58 24.10 24.43 25.05 23.86 23.34 23.31 22.31 20.96
Europe 18.08 18.21 19.13 19.71 19.65 19.66 18.74 19.17 19.63 19.76 20.13 19.86 18.89 17.97
European Union 12.63 12.95 13.64 13.90 14.15 13.94 13.56 13.90 14.35 14.40 14.78 15.29 13.89 13.65
Belgium 1.67 1.79 1.98 1.80 1.99 2.10 2.00 1.98 2.24 2.36 2.72 2.85 2.76 2.67
Czech Rep. 2.32 2.18 2.76 2.98 3.57 4.40 4.19 3.98 3.79 4.47 3.86 4.01 4.39 2.75
France 14.10 13.97 16.12 14.79 17.45 15.89 14.16 13.92 13.45 15.21 13.74 14.92 12.46 12.07
Germany 3.90 3.85 4.38 4.62 5.18 5.66 5.62 4.82 5.20 5.84 6.89 7.23 8.39 8.34
Italy 17.71 22.05 21.81 21.67 22.14 18.88 20.97 20.34 20.25 21.73 20.81 22.03 19.65 18.54
Netherlands 1.12 1.26 1.29 1.44 1.58 1.73 2.13 2.33 2.56 2.89 3.32 3.53 4.14 4.09
Poland 2.47 2.59 2.77 2.72 2.83 2.82 2.82 2.79 3.19 3.15 2.99 3.21 3.05 2.55
Portugal 35.08 33.45 19.83 30.94 37.24 28.56 46.02 41.81 36.49 20.78 30.30 34.58 22.10 38.49
Romania 17.74 25.68 21.59 23.02 23.66 28.17 25.68 30.66 35.31 36.07 28.46 27.70 29.32 24.05
Spain 17.61 18.52 13.62 16.89 18.54 15.48 24.27 20.07 19.83 14.35 16.95 22.15 15.61 22.70
Sweden 51.18 44.46 52.51 53.11 43.17 47.60 38.42 48.29 49.20 48.28 57.26 51.57 48.51 43.41
United Kingdom 2.44 2.12 2.52 2.21 2.58 2.52 2.06 2.40 2.83 3.40 3.36 3.11 3.56 3.36
Norway 99.79 99.80 99.82 99.80 99.65 99.66 99.50 99.58 99.62 99.56 99.72 99.52 99.58 99.40
Turkey 40.37 37.85 39.63 46.18 39.22 41.57 42.94 38.91 38.33 29.98 24.94 19.84 26.25 25.29
CIS 13.66 14.13 15.03 16.75 18.76 18.57 17.27 17.69 18.58 18.52 18.10 18.61 17.70 16.96
Kazakhstan 8.43 8.37 8.30 9.85 13.82 12.50 12.42 12.50 12.50 12.91 14.67 14.21 15.24 13.50
Russia 15.34 15.69 17.05 18.23 20.10 20.52 18.23 18.89 19.29 19.08 18.85 19.74 18.44 17.25
Ukraine 3.59 4.28 3.20 4.89 6.07 5.23 4.83 5.64 9.21 8.43 6.68 7.06 5.65 5.22
Uzbekistan 11.80 11.13 12.34 14.97 14.97 13.04 14.37 12.54 12.54 12.55 12.54 12.55 12.55 15.43
America 25.21 25.02 24.68 25.31 24.82 25.67 26.58 26.19 24.48 24.14 23.59 22.06 23.42 23.52
North America 18.53 18.06 17.47 17.85 17.22 18.10 19.07 18.41 16.64 16.30 15.55 14.12 15.75 15.73
Canada 62.39 61.42 61.69 61.73 60.41 61.01 63.11 62.36 60.41 61.19 60.61 58.04 59.89 58.92
United States 11.96 11.33 10.48 11.00 10.31 11.39 12.20 11.59 10.22 9.63 8.81 7.42 9.20 9.49
Latin America 66.06 66.13 66.38 67.76 66.69 66.41 66.15 65.06 62.74 61.79 61.72 58.35 58.91 57.81
Argentina 35.78 30.74 35.13 39.22 42.87 40.35 33.47 39.53 36.52 27.54 33.21 41.84 43.59 37.97
Brazil 94.50 94.63 94.42 95.25 95.41 94.16 93.56 92.98 92.92 90.04 89.49 84.29 85.74 87.16
Chile 53.84 70.97 82.69 81.66 74.27 72.41 60.45 62.13 48.17 38.03 48.55 54.26 55.45 50.16
Colombia 76.38 75.68 68.67 73.25 78.49 76.40 82.99 71.64 69.75 79.86 75.52 74.34 76.50 78.79
Mexico 24.69 22.39 25.66 25.40 19.02 23.65 24.66 19.96 17.59 20.91 19.80 17.11 15.06 12.13
Venezuela 62.34 70.33 70.09 68.43 72.01 70.05 71.24 73.36 71.60 75.16 73.75 67.07 64.82 65.84
Asia 17.49 16.69 15.56 15.86 14.92 15.26 14.18 14.11 14.53 13.68 13.24 14.11 13.31 13.03
China 20.41 18.47 17.58 18.13 18.09 19.21 17.55 17.51 18.06 16.68 16.64 18.96 17.62 15.04
India 24.49 22.81 20.75 19.56 21.22 17.26 15.77 16.02 16.70 15.26 13.59 13.21 12.06 13.47
Indonesia 20.92 20.56 23.84 19.78 15.66 16.46 15.53 10.34 15.77 14.12 15.96 17.47 14.95 13.64
Japan 12.16 12.86 11.04 12.62 8.93 10.41 10.10 10.94 10.98 10.17 10.07 9.94 9.64 10.98
Malaysia 17.33 16.60 14.87 14.03 16.69 13.69 10.09 6.69 8.00 11.54 10.06 9.93 7.14 6.44
South Korea 6.04 4.40 3.86 4.15 2.51 3.12 2.73 2.44 2.83 2.60 1.97 1.95 1.66 2.06
Taiwan 9.08 5.56 7.92 5.83 7.13 6.67 6.37 6.66 6.86 5.70 5.37 5.52 3.84 4.04
Thailand 11.26 9.14 7.42 5.84 6.34 8.74 9.13 8.09 6.11 4.89 6.81 6.64 7.48 7.22
Pacific 22.56 22.82 21.39 22.66 23.11 22.97 21.68 20.26 19.75 18.56 18.77 16.86 17.56 17.64
Australia 10.08 10.76 10.30 10.78 10.35 9.81 9.39 9.76 8.60 8.71 8.54 8.25 7.93 8.48
New Zealand 80.01 77.19 72.59 77.02 82.05 83.85 79.06 70.09 75.65 69.52 71.50 63.56 69.48 66.00
Africa 18.40 19.34 18.17 17.41 17.05 17.05 17.03 16.82 17.19 17.90 17.77 18.54 17.89 17.14
Algeria 0.78 1.58 1.02 1.71 0.78 0.92 0.62 0.33 0.85 0.76 0.20 0.24 0.19 0.83
Egypt 23.50 22.35 21.24 21.94 22.25 21.95 20.96 20.52 19.41 21.44 17.70 18.43 14.65 14.06
Nigeria 32.59 41.86 40.85 38.41 35.81 34.68 33.86 34.70 38.22 38.21 38.22 38.22 38.22 36.90
South Africa 1.70 2.25 1.24 0.85 1.43 0.97 1.78 2.30 2.07 1.73 2.01 2.01 2.11 1.69
Middle-East 4.88 4.56 4.87 4.46 3.46 3.22 3.10 2.84 2.65 1.95 1.71 1.91 2.22 2.80
Iran 10.29 11.00 13.88 12.89 9.09 8.58 8.13 7.09 6.80 4.42 3.04 3.91 5.73 7.23
Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Saudi Arabia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United Arab Emirates 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
n.a. : non avalaible

Source :
The information made available in the Enerdata Yearbook shall not be published without explicit consent from Enerdata.
2015 - 2016 2000 - 2016
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
(%/year) (%/year)
18.23 18.36 18.50 18.23 18.89 19.65 19.91 20.26 21.20 21.97 22.66 23.33 24.38 4.5 1.6
15.70 15.68 16.11 15.92 16.81 17.86 18.18 19.51 20.47 21.70 22.53 23.35 24.46 4.8 2.6
13.69 13.47 14.09 13.80 14.62 15.83 15.77 17.68 18.26 19.57 20.37 21.17 22.54 6.5 3.2
21.86 21.88 21.25 21.00 21.67 22.13 22.29 21.24 22.62 22.76 23.76 24.64 26.00 5.5 0.7
19.27 19.73 19.83 20.52 21.82 23.58 25.21 25.24 28.37 30.92 32.30 33.64 34.22 1.7 3.4
14.79 14.91 15.46 16.25 17.56 19.47 21.11 21.44 24.23 27.20 29.20 29.87 30.39 1.7 4.6
3.25 3.93 4.93 5.38 6.79 7.53 8.25 10.64 14.18 15.52 18.44 21.75 17.79 -18.2 12.5
3.89 4.58 5.01 4.36 4.89 6.33 7.56 9.08 10.04 11.73 11.89 12.78 13.03 1.9 7.9
12.07 10.62 11.79 12.57 13.69 13.93 14.59 12.37 15.54 17.79 17.27 16.57 18.13 9.5 1.7
10.20 11.13 12.26 14.87 15.50 16.87 17.57 21.14 23.75 24.76 26.82 29.88 30.05 0.6 9.6
20.25 18.21 18.17 17.01 19.98 25.14 26.57 28.06 31.48 39.31 43.74 38.15 37.27 -2.3 3.7
5.24 7.45 8.15 7.21 8.86 9.53 9.39 10.81 12.11 11.98 11.32 12.42 13.46 8.4 9.1
3.12 3.46 3.26 3.78 4.64 6.11 7.27 8.30 10.67 10.71 12.82 14.29 15.45 8.1 10.8
27.92 18.57 33.01 35.08 32.93 37.88 53.16 47.06 43.78 59.24 61.37 48.45 55.15 13.8 3.8
29.23 34.02 29.28 25.95 26.52 27.28 33.88 26.57 25.74 34.81 42.03 42.85 46.20 7.8 3.1
19.12 15.95 18.71 20.16 20.69 26.08 33.49 30.57 30.44 40.47 40.92 36.07 40.08 11.1 5.5
44.97 51.32 49.65 52.06 54.35 58.46 55.33 55.98 59.10 54.07 55.87 63.46 57.22 -9.8 0.0
4.26 4.99 5.53 5.93 6.66 7.67 7.62 10.36 12.30 15.81 20.12 25.73 25.60 -0.5 13.5
99.35 99.47 99.32 99.14 99.41 96.59 95.75 96.53 97.97 97.72 97.70 97.74 97.87 0.1 -0.1
30.73 24.54 25.25 19.03 17.35 19.58 26.38 25.33 27.23 28.82 20.89 32.05 32.53 1.5 1.7
18.40 17.85 17.11 16.87 15.88 17.29 16.50 15.95 15.65 16.97 16.27 15.75 16.93 7.5 -0.4
12.04 11.58 10.84 10.67 9.29 8.74 9.71 9.10 8.23 7.51 7.88 7.83 7.65 -2.4 -4.0
19.13 18.37 17.65 17.68 16.07 17.80 16.28 15.94 15.68 17.29 16.72 15.98 17.41 9.0 -0.5
6.54 6.74 6.76 5.39 6.14 6.98 7.10 5.74 5.91 8.12 6.02 5.13 6.54 27.5 -0.1
18.02 17.54 17.99 13.07 23.00 18.68 20.98 19.54 21.35 21.33 21.35 21.02 20.97 -0.2 3.3
23.43 23.76 24.47 24.09 24.71 26.15 25.53 27.84 27.49 27.77 27.94 28.17 30.16 7.1 1.5
15.40 15.48 15.93 15.35 16.05 17.35 16.70 18.96 18.88 19.68 19.85 20.13 22.01 9.3 2.2
58.45 59.44 59.44 60.06 61.30 62.71 61.45 62.28 62.73 63.02 62.81 63.16 66.38 5.1 0.6
9.22 9.12 9.79 8.91 9.53 10.78 10.61 12.69 12.41 13.03 13.36 13.58 15.42 13.6 3.6
58.05 58.96 59.33 58.73 57.86 58.36 57.47 58.45 55.81 54.06 53.81 52.95 55.41 4.7 -0.7
31.69 33.69 37.25 30.06 26.54 29.18 28.77 32.48 29.49 31.68 31.69 29.05 26.14 -10.0 -1.5
86.03 87.12 86.75 88.21 84.27 89.00 84.72 87.12 82.45 76.69 73.08 73.86 81.19 9.9 -0.6
46.90 53.88 55.25 44.16 45.75 48.83 40.20 39.60 36.45 35.67 41.18 43.08 39.08 -9.3 -1.3
81.65 80.17 80.60 81.53 84.01 72.88 72.12 83.47 79.55 74.00 74.25 77.65 82.04 5.6 0.5
14.45 15.18 15.32 14.07 17.54 12.95 16.60 14.89 13.79 13.30 17.54 15.17 14.74 -2.9 -1.8
71.10 73.28 73.90 72.72 72.79 71.89 67.49 70.93 67.41 67.83 68.26 60.95 54.04 -11.3 -1.9
13.50 13.55 13.83 13.53 14.84 14.98 15.76 15.30 17.00 17.63 18.98 20.08 21.02 4.7 2.9
16.22 16.18 15.59 15.26 17.74 17.86 18.83 16.95 20.12 20.45 22.79 24.51 25.75 5.1 2.8
14.48 16.62 17.54 17.86 16.51 15.66 16.04 17.32 15.73 16.85 15.41 14.75 14.95 1.4 0.6
13.61 13.61 12.26 12.90 13.32 13.23 15.85 11.99 11.24 12.34 11.44 10.97 10.89 -0.7 -2.4
10.70 9.20 10.23 9.01 9.37 9.73 11.20 12.17 11.88 12.78 14.45 16.93 17.44 3.0 3.5
7.09 6.28 7.17 6.66 7.63 7.01 5.99 6.71 7.38 8.58 9.71 10.36 11.37 9.8 0.8
1.68 1.43 1.43 1.40 1.54 1.65 1.80 2.05 2.02 2.38 2.47 2.10 2.29 8.7 0.9
3.86 4.29 4.32 4.52 4.36 4.27 4.20 4.08 4.81 4.95 4.44 4.59 5.43 18.2 0.1
5.82 5.54 6.92 6.91 6.60 6.90 5.61 8.05 8.39 8.28 9.08 8.55 9.16 7.2 1.9
18.36 17.94 18.31 17.73 17.11 17.39 18.69 20.52 20.12 22.55 24.66 23.75 26.83 13.0 2.3
8.23 8.92 9.34 8.71 8.17 7.51 8.63 10.44 10.61 13.30 14.92 13.67 16.86 23.4 4.3
71.86 64.24 64.48 65.57 64.24 71.71 73.16 76.04 71.86 74.26 79.12 80.09 83.99 4.9 1.0
17.23 16.95 16.95 16.44 16.43 16.88 17.48 17.13 16.68 17.10 18.17 18.31 18.50 1.0 0.3
0.75 1.53 0.58 0.57 0.66 0.75 0.36 0.90 1.00 0.51 0.28 0.23 0.27 13.5 1.9
13.00 12.14 11.73 13.06 11.90 10.07 10.05 9.33 9.48 8.61 9.05 10.39 10.21 -1.7 -3.4
33.40 33.00 27.10 27.10 27.10 22.90 24.40 21.76 19.71 18.44 17.59 17.59 17.59 0.0 -4.7
2.00 1.83 2.41 1.57 1.65 1.78 2.07 2.04 1.78 1.80 2.60 3.27 4.18 27.9 4.7
2.77 4.28 4.23 3.83 1.53 1.63 2.03 2.20 2.29 2.50 2.06 2.04 2.36 15.4 2.1
6.39 9.08 9.54 8.89 2.42 3.37 4.16 5.12 4.99 5.71 5.20 6.03 7.17 19.1 5.5
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - -
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.6 -
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.27 0.26 0.23 -11.8 -