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Abstract Submission

November 22-23, 2017

Date 19-06-2017




This document described the activity of the drilling from the exploration to the completion of a well. Well
planning is one of the important activity in the oil industry. Decline of any oil industry is mostly because of
improper well planning. Improper well planning also effect the activity and planning of reservoir and
production engineers. Well planning has great influence on production and economic cost. Well planning
should be done from the start of the drilling.


The drilling cost estimate, bit size and type, drilling mud and cements specifications, casing sizes and
depth, all these activities are covered in this paper. Drilling cost estimate is prepared by drilling engineers.
When drilling a wild cat well only roughly estimation can be used. Some allowance must be made for
unforeseen problems in a total cost. Selection of a bit is based on the long term to used because the
tripping process has required most of time which increase the daily cost. Mostly used of bit for every
formation is PDC bit which is economical and its used is almost 70%. Mostly useable drilling fluids are
water base mud and oil base mud but it varies according to the conditions. Some additives are added to
mud to approach the required condition i.e. bentonite, barite, caustic soda etc. Cements are used to bond
the casing with formation. There are eight classes of cements are discussed in this paper i.e. class A to H.
Class G and H are widely used which are economical. Different additives are added to cements to
approach the required conditions i.e. accelerator, retarders, extenders etc.


The size of a bit is mostly depend on the size of the production zone. Bit selection criteria is depend on the
type of the formation. IADC chart explain the use of every bit for different formation. The selection of the
type of drilling fluid is depend on the type of formation and formation pressure. The selection of the depth
of the casing is depend on the pore pressure gradient and fracture gradient of the formation. It also depend
on the other factors i.e. protecting fresh water zone, isolate troublesome formation etc. The size of casing
is depend on the size of the production zone. There are some standard sizes of the casing given by API
which is briefly explained in this paper.


The above activities are very important for drilling engineers. Proper well planning is help you out to face
all the drilling activities with minimum cost and without jeopardizing the safety aspects.
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