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TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES

TENSE FORM USE SIGNAL WORDS


A: I / You / We /
They eat

He / She / It Con acciones rutinarias: I see my grandparents twice a


eats week.
Con hechos o verdades generales: Water boils at 100 C
Adverbios de frecuencia:
Con situaciones permanentes: I work as a Walter in a
N: I / You / We / always, often, usually,
restaurant
They don't eat generally, seldom, never
PRESENT Acciones futuras con horarios de trenes, aviones, etc. My
He / She / It Every day/ week/ month
train leaves at 5.30
doesn't eat
SIMPLE Oraciones condicionales de 1er tipo y en oraciones
temporales Once / Twice / Three
Q: Do times a week/ day /
I / You / We / month/ year
They eat? Con verbos que no suelen ir en presente
continuo: know, like, hate, want, love, need, belong,
mean, understand, remember, prefer

Does He / She /
It eat?










Con acciones que ocurren en el momento de hablar: We're
A: I am eating studying the verbs now.
Con acciones que estn ocurriendo temporalmente: My
He / She / It is brother is working hard this year.
eating
Con acciones habituales que causan irritacin al hablante: Now, right now
We / You / They They are always complaining about the same thing At present, at the moment,
are eating . in this moment, .
Con acciones futuras planeadas y confirmadas (fecha): She's These days, this year/
PRESENT N: I am not visiting the doctor tomorrow morning. month/ week, nowadays
eating
CONTINUOUS Tonight, tomorrow, next
He / She / It week / month, in a
isn't eating minute, in a couple of
days
We / You / They * El presente continuo no se suele utilizar con los siguientes
aren't eating verbos: know, like, want, hate, love, need, belong mean,
understand, believe, remember, prefer; aunque algunos de
Q: Am I eating? estos verbos pueden aparecer en forma continua con un
Is He / She / It sentido diferente
eating?
Are We / You /
They eating?








A: He watched Con acciones pasadas que tuvieron lugar en un momento
/ He ate determinado: We didn't watch TV last night Yesterday
PAST Narrar hechos pasados secuenciados Last month / week..
N: He didn't Ago
SIMPLE watch / He
Normalmente, despus de las siguientes expresiones: I
didn't eat
wish, If only, as if, as though, would rather, would Fechas pasadas
sooner, it's time.
Q: Did he
watch? / Did he
eat?




















Para expresar una accin incompleta que estaba ocurriendo
A: I / He / She / en el pasado. (accin larga): Last week, we were working
It was eating in a science project.
Para sealar que una accin larga estaba teniendo lugar en el
We / You / They pasado cuando fue interrumpida por otra breve: We were
were eating watching TV, when suddenly the TV set broke down.

Para indicar que 2 o + acciones largas estaban ocurriendo
PAST N: I / He / She / simultneamente en el pasado: While I was cooking
dinner, he was laying the table. While
It wasn't eating
CONTINUOUS Para indicar acciones repetidas y montonas en el pasado
indicando cierta queja: The children were always
We / You / They
screaming.
weren't eating

Para descripciones y especificaciones: People were


Q:
walking, the sun was shining, the birds.
Was I / He / She
/ It eating?
Were We / You /
They eating?








A: I / You / We /
They have eaten

He / She / It has
Already (AF)ya
eaten Para hablar de acciones que ocurrieron en el pasado pero
Yet (NG/INT).ya, an,
llegan o tienen importancia en el presente: I have found a
todava
N: I / You / We / wallet in the street.
Fordurante
They haven't Con el superlativo: She's the most intelligent person I
PRESENT have ever met.
Sincedesde
eaten
Justacabo de
PERFECT This week/ month
He / She / It En las expresiones
Recently
hasn't eaten It's the first/ second time: It's the first time I've eaten
SIMPLE raw fish
Adverbios de frecuencia:
Q: have I / You /
ever
We / They
eaten?

has He / She / It
eaten?









A: I / You / We /

They have been
eating

Already (AF)ya
He / She / It has
been eating Yet (NG/INT).ya, an,
Tiene el mismo uso que el present perfect simple pero todava
N: I / You / We / resaltando la duracin de la actividad: I've been working in Fordurante
They haven't this factory since 1999. Sincedesde
PRESENT been eating Justacabo de
Para hablar de acciones pasadas que acaban de concluir y su This week/ month
PERFECT He / She / It resultado es evidente: Have you been frying fish? Recently
hasn't been
CONTINUOUS eating Adverbios de frecuencia:
ever
Q: have I / You /
We / They been
eating?

has He / She / It
been
eating?








Para hablar de una accin pasada que ocurri antes que otra:
The school had already closed when I arrived.
En oraciones condicionales de 3er tipo
En oraciones temporales para enfatizar que una accin Already (AF)ya
pasada estaba totalmente acabada antes de comenzar otra: Just
He didn't go to bed until the last TV programme had Until / Till
PAST A: He had eaten finished. Before
Con I wish / If only As soon as
PERFECT N: He hadn't para lamentarnos de algo que ha ocurrido en el pasado: If
eaten only they had stayed with us (ojal) After
SIMPLE
Q: Had he En la expresin It was the first / the second time: It
eaten? was the second time I had flown.
A: He had been
eating
PAST
For
Para hablar de una accin pasada que ocurri antes que otra Since
N: He hadn't
PERFECT pero poniendo nfasis e la duracin de la misma: She was
been eating
so ill because she had been eating so many chocolates.
The whole day / all day
CONTINUOUS
Q: Had he been
eating?









Expresar certeza en el futuro: We will definitely phone her
tonight.
Predicciones: It'll be windy tomorrow.
Promesas: I'll buy you a present for your birthday.

Tomar una decisin en el momento de hablar: It's hot in
here. I'll open the windows.
FUTURE I A: He Tomorrow
will eat Hacer un ofrecimiento: I'll carry the suitcase if you like.
Pedir algo educadamente: Will you do it for me? Next day/ week.
SIMPLE En condicionales de 1er tipo: If it rains, we'll stay at
N: He won't eat
home. Fechas futuras
(WILL)
Q: Will
he Cuando sugerimos algo utilizamos SHALL: Shall we go to
eat? the cinema tonight?


















Expresar intenciones: I'm going to eat less.
FUTURE I A: I am going to Para hablar de planes futuros: They're going to build a
eat new bridge in autumn.
Tomorrow
SIMPLE Para hacer predicciones de futuro a travs de hechos
Next day/ week.
He / She / It is evidentes en el presente: It's very hot today. We are
(GOING TO) going to eat going to sweat .
Fechas futuras
We / You / They Para hablar de hechos que van a ocurrir con seguridad en el
are going to eat futuro: I'm going to finish Bachillerato next year.

N: I am not
going to eat

He / She / It
isn't going to
eat

We / You / They
aren't going to
eat

Q: Am I going
to eat?

Is He / She / It
going to eat?

Are We / You /
They going to
eat?




A: He
Para hablar de acciones que estarn en marcha en un
will be eating
FUTURE I momento determinado del futuro: At this time next web
Tomorrow
we'll be flying to New York.
N: He won't be Next day/ week.
CONTINUOUS eating
Para preguntar por los planes de los dems sobre todo,
Fechas futuras
cuando queremos pedir un favor: Will you be driving to
Q: Will the supermarket tomorrow.
he be
eating?

A: He will have
FUTURE II eaten. Acciones que estarn finalizadas en un momento By Monday
N: He won't
determinado del futuro: We'll have flown to New York by
PERFECT have eaten.
next week. In a week
SIMPLE Q:
Will he have
eaten?

A: He would Accin que podra ocurrir:


CONDITIONAL I eat. Conditional sentences (if)
N: He wouldn't
Condicionales de tipo II : If I were you I would study type II
SIMPLE eat.
more.
Q:
Would he eat?
Accin que podra haber tenido lugar en el pasado Conditional sentences (if)
CONDITIONAL A: He would type III
II SIMPLE have eaten. Condicionales de tipo III: If I had studied for the exam, I
N: He wouldn't
have eaten. would have passed it.
Q:
Would he have
eaten?