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Gonzales, Celina O.

Annotated Bibliography

Reference 1
Valientes, R. (2009). Male-female wage gap decomposition in agriculture-basted employment in
the Philippines. Journal of Economics, Management and Agriculture Development. 1(1)
Valientes (2009), author, researcher from the University of the Philippines-Los Baos used
data from the 2006-2009 Labor Force Survey from the National Statistics Office in order to
evaluate the wage-structure and differences between employed men and women in the
agricultural sector. Through this, he determined that in the agricultural field, men earn higher
mean wages as compared to women. Furthermore, the estimated gender gap was due to the effect
of endowment of human capital, the coefficient effect, and the endowment effect.
On the other hand, Wieland and Sundali (2014) finds the relation of the gender difference and
the endowment effect through risk aversion wherein three experiments were conducted on the
following: Effect sizes and domain tests, elicitation method or decision domain, and elicitation
method or decision domain with incentive payment. Through these methods, they prove their
hypothesis that that women are less willing than men in trading risk once their assets are theirs
for low offers, despite being more risk averse in acquiring risky assets.
Wieland A., Sundali, J., (2014). Gender differences in the endowment effect: Women pay
less but wont accept less. Judgment and Decision Making. 9(6) ISSN 1930-2975

Reference 2
Layton, R., & McPhail, F. (2013). Gender equality in the labor market in the Philippines. Asian
Development Bank: Mandaluyong City (ISBN 9789292544041)

inthePhilippines as wellasrecommendations inordertostrengthengenderequalityinthe
Philippinelaborforce. Throughthedata,theyfindthatfirst,thereisaneedforwomenofall
social dialogues to be represented; and second, that the Philippines has enacted legislation
Reference 3

Stokburger-Saur, N. & Teichmann, K. (2013). Is luxury just a female thing? The role of gender
in luxury brand consumption. Journal of business research. 66(7). doi: 10.1016
Stokburger-Saur and Teichmann (2013), authors and researchers from the University of
Innsbruck discuss the price differences in female luxury products and male luxury products, as
female luxury products have significantly higher price points than male luxury products. In order
to test their hypothesis, they conduct two experimental studies and one survey in three product
categories in order to conclude that women have a more positive attitude toward a higher
purchase intention of luxury brands as compared to non-luxury brands as compared to men. In
addition, luxury brands offer more uniqueness, as well as status in comparison to non-luxury
brands. On the other hand, Wang and Griskevicus (2013), researchers from the University of
Maryland use evolutionary and cultural perspectives, and five experiments in order to test their
hypothesis that women use luxury goods to daunt female rivals. Their findings show that women
who flaunt designer items were effective in poaching a relationship partner, therefore revealing
that luxury and brands have significant roles in relationships
Wang, Y., and Griskevicus, V. (2013) Conspicuous consumption, relationships, and rivals:
Womens luxury products as signals to other women. J Consum Res 40(5) 834-854. doi: