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Part A: Analysis of Format

Prepare a checklist covering all aspects of format (you can use the lecture notes)
Compare the thesis against the checklist


1. Front Cover
2. Title Page
3. Original Literacy
Work Declaration
4. Abstract
5. Acknowledgements
6. Table of Contents
7. List of Figures
8. List of Tables
9. List of Symbols and Complied with IPS Guidelines
10. List of Appendices

1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Methodology
4. Results
5. Discussion
6. Conclusions

Supplementary Complied with IPS Guidelines.

1. Research Instruments X With exception that this
2. Appendices research did not involve any
3. References instrumental study.

2 BINDING -Front Cover :

1. Title
2. Author Complied with IPS Guidelines
3. Name of university
4. Year

- Spine of
1. Title
2. Author Complied with IPS Guidelines
3. Year of submission
4. Type of degree
- Colour of Front
1. Dark red or Complied with IPS Guidelines
maroon and Dark Red
made from

- Letters for
Front Cover:
1. Printed in gold Complied with IPS Guidelines
2. Font Size 15
3. In Upper Case

3 LENGTH - Maximum
(PHD THESIS) length
appendices, tables
and prefaces) :
100,000 words Complied with IPS Guidelines

4 PAPER AND - Manuscripts:

DUPLICATING 1. High quality A4
Paper: 80 gm/m2
2. A4 Size: 201 x 297
3. Offset printing or Complied with IPS Guidelines
good quality
4. All copies must be
clean and neat

5 PRINTING - Sections
1. Times New Roman
2. 12 pitch
3. High quality laser
or ink-jet printer for
- Body text:
Double spacing Complied with IPS Guidelines
- Tables, long
short footnotes, notes
and citation in
6 MARGINS - Page Layout:
Top:2.0 cm
Right:2.0 cm
Left:4.0 cm
Bottom:2.0 cm
- Not more
than one sentence
after the bottom
- Tables and figures: Complied with IPS Guidelines
within specified
- Last paragraph of a
contain at least two
sentences. (else
begin on the next

7 PAGE NUMBERING - Page numbers:

1. 1.0 cm from
bottom margin, at
right hand side
2. 8 pitch for numbers
3. Roman numerals (i,
ii, iii etc.) on
preface section
4. No number on Title
5. Numbering begins Complied with IPS Guidelines
on second page
with (ii)
6. Arabic numerals
(1, 2, 3) on text and
7. Consistency of
numbering for

8 NOTES AND Not compulsory for X The thesis is based on Science

FOOTNOTES Science and Technology & Technology research, so
based research there is no notes and footnotes
9 TABLES 1. Within body of text
at centre of the
2. Labelled according
to chapter;
e.g., Chapter 3:
Table 3.1, Table 3.2
3. Table label placed
above the table
4. Short and concise
title Complied with IPS Guidelines
5. If occupies more
than one page, must
write Table 3.7,
6. If contains a citation
source of reference
placed below the

10 FIGURES 1. Within body of text

at centre of the
2. Labelled according
to chapter
e.g., in Chapter 3:
Figure 3.1
3. Labels placed at the
bottom of the figure Complied with IPS Guidelines
4. If occupies more
than one page must
write Figure 3.7,
5. If the figure
contains a citation,
source of reference
should be placed at
the bottom, after
the label

11 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT - Should be written by Complied with IPS Guidelines

including sources in

12 UNIT OF - International System

MEASUREMENT of Units (SI) must
be used
- If other units are Complied with IPS Guidelines
used, convert to SI
units and place in
13 REFERENCES / - American
BIBLIOGRAPHY Psychological
Association (APA)
parenthetical citation
system is highly
- Reference is cited in Complied with IPS Guidelines
the text accordingly,
with different format
for each
- 1. Reference citation
- inside the text
- 2. Authors name is
- not part of the
- Sentence
Part B: Analysis of Content, Quality etc.
Prepare a checklist of main features of a high quality, well written thesis. You may prepare it
section wise, e.g. title, abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion conclusions etc.
(you can use the lecture notes)
Compare the thesis against these criteria


Title - Short and concise The thesis fits the
- Should include the requirement and gave brief
subject and object of idea about the whole written
the study thesis just by reading its
title. The title is Sintering
Behaviour and Mechanical
Properties of Synthesized
Hydroxyapatite Bioceramics.

Abstract - Contain structure of The abstract is self contained

whole text and major and well written. It gave
facts brief discussion of methods
- Short statement and procedures involved,
about the area brief summary of findings
of investigation and brief summary of
(motivation, objective conclusions. Each point is
etc.) presented in logical order.
- Must be in the form of
continuous summary,
not disconnected
- 500 words
- Place immediately
after title page

Table of - lists chapters, topics The Table of Contents is

Contents and sub-topics well presented and each
together with page topic is divided into sub-
numbers topics, so it is easier for
- sub-topics and topics reader.
labelled according to

List of - Titles of figures The requirement is fulfilled

Figures (listed in text / accordingly. The title of
appendix), with page figure is written concisely.
- Numbering system is
the same as that used
for topics

PREFACE List of Tables - Titles of tables (listed The requirement is fulfilled

in text / appendix), accordingly.
with page numbers
- Numbering system
same as that used for

List of - List of all symbols The requirement is fulfilled

Symbols and and abbreviations accordingly.
Abbreviations used in the thesis

List of - Titles of appendices The requirement is fulfilled

Appendices (if (if any) placed in accordingly. The appendices
any) supplementary section included are related to
the theoretical value of a
XRD result that the author
obtained in the library
of the XRD software.
The theoretical value is
important as it was needed in
comparison to the authors

Introduction - Introduce issues with In this section, the author has

which the research is successfully identified the
concerned, as simple problem and its importance.
as possible The author had also
- Contain the aims and explained and defend that
objectives of the study the current literature and
- Contain outline of findings are inadequate and
research approach the author has came out
with some possible ways
and ideas to overcome the
problem. Overall, the author
had 5 main objectives.

TEXT Literature - Refer to previous The author has addressed the

Review literature and studies background of the study and
relevant to the field how others have attempted
and related topics (using other methods) to
- Comprehensive resolve the problem. The
correlation between author has well summarized
ideas or surveys recognized facts and
- Include recent information in the literature
references that The author also did
reflects to the study not neglect the latest
developments of similar
study by others, as he cited
the current publication of
that time. I.e. The thesis
is dated 2008, the latest
reference used is 2007.

Methodology - Describes and The author has carried this

explains research research using her own novel
methodology used method. The method has
- Include sub-topics been successfully employed
that state the key in producing calcium
research questions, phosphate nanopowders with
research design and great properties.
research procedures
- State any sampling
methods, research
instruments, and
statistical methods
used if any

Results and - Display results and The author has presented the
Data Analysis data analysis in the results in clear illustration
form of text, figures, and diagrams, which in turn
tables etcetera ease the reader to refer to
- Clear illustrations and while reading. The author
diagrams and readable has presented the results in
in terms of graphic table, graph, and text figures,
style and explanations each with brief discussion.
of variables
- Brief description of
the results or data
being display

Discussion - Explain the The author has discussed the

interpretation of the results and did the analysis
result critically, hence the well
- State research connected and convincing
findings which result arguments.
from the comparison
of current finding
obtained with those
of previous studies
presented in literature
- patterns and trends in
the results accurately
identified and
- Links are made to the
- Speculations are well
grounded to the thesis

Conclusions - Summary of findings The author has successfully

and discussion on related the conclusion
their implications directly to the research
- Significant element of question.
the thesis

Suggestions - Important for future The author gave few

research as it will suggestions in order to
help to identify any improve this study in
drawbacks in the the future. For example,
current study and current method employed
- Helps in filling the in determining the
research gap biocompatibility using
Hancks Solution can be
improved with simulated
body fluid solution.

Research - Includes (if any) There is no research

Instruments questionnaires, instrument section in the
maps or computer thesis as this research is
programmes that lab based and a qualitative
have been used study.
while conducting the

Appendices - Contain additional The appendices included

illustration of data are related to the theoretical
sources or raw data value of a XRD result that
- The appendices the author obtained in the
is divided into library of the XRD software.
SUPPLEMENTARY individual appendix The theoretical value is
- Each appendix must important as it was needed in
be listed in Table of comparison to the authors
Contents result.
- All tables and figures
in each appendix is
numbered and listed
in List of Tables and
List of Figures

References - Include all works or The latest publication

studies referred to included dated in 2007,
in the thesis in the while the thesis is 2008.
form of quotations or This shows that the author
citations is coping with the current
- Advisable to trend of the similar study
use American by others. The references
Psychological also have been written
Association (APA) accordingly to the guideline.
format or in another
format approved by
the faculty
- Each reference is
written in single
spacing format and
a double space left
between references
- List of references
should not be