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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN

Centre for Modern Architecture Studies in Southeast Asia


Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Architecture

ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 2 [ ARC 60203]


Prerequisite: Architecture Culture & History 1

Project 1: Time-line and Diagram Analysis (Intergration with Studio 2)


Pre Submission Date: Week 4, 19th April 2017
Submission Date: Week 5, 26th April 2017
20% Group - Hardcopy of research write up.

LO 20% of Hard Copy and A3 artwork + Write


Assignment Group
1-6 total mark Research Write Up up

Introduction

The greatest architectural transformation followed Merdeka, or Independence in 1957. Kuala Lumpur and other
parts of Malaysia was transformed from colonial towns into parts of the new nation and Kuala Lumpur became its
capital. Proud symbols of nationhood were expressed in new and daring forms. Innovative construction
techniques and industrialized components changed the scale of commercial buildings and enabled the erection
of the first prominent buildings and sky scrapers that shaped the nations modern architectural scene. According
to Ar. Chan Seong Aun, president of Pertubuhan Akitek Malaysia (2013-2015), most Malaysian architecture of
the modern movement are not documented thoroughly and have not made the list of heritage buildings. The
Subang airport for example has been replaced by a non descript warehouse. It is therefore important that we
properly record the heritage of Malaysian architecture before it is destroyed and lost forever.

This research project adopts document analysis methodology that involves documenting, analyzing, producing,
and a critical chronological and diagrammatical interpretation of Modern Malaysian architectural history. This
project emphasizes critical analysis of the post Merdeka/Independence of Malaysian architecture in the effort to
understand the influences of post-modernism to architectural design and construction, building science and
technology, and urban design. The project is to distinguish the way in which many diverse factors contribute to
the development of Modern Malaysian architecture. The development of the project will involve active discussion,
analysis interpretation and consultation with the tutor.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Architecture


Architecture Culture and History 2
Project 1:Timeline and Diagram Analysis 1|Pa g e
Objectives

The objectives of this project are as follows:

To allow students to undertake a research analysis process on Modern Malaysian architecture practices
throughout history through literature review and document analysis and present an appropriate chronological
account of the Malaysian architecture based on the understanding gained through the analysis procedure.

To familiarize students with the activities of culmination and production of a research analysis through
assemblage, chronological indices and evaluation of information; composing and organization of study; assembly
of illustration and text; design layout composition; poster and presentation.

To introduce visual and critical thinking through learning from precedents with diagramming, and to introduce the
basic principles of form, space and order in the architectural design of Modern Malaysian architecture. The
analysis is based on, but not limited to, the following:

a) Organization of form
b) Organization of space
c) Circulation and paths-space relationship
d) Axis and relations of axes
e) Massing
f) Symmetry and balance
g) Rhythm and repetition

Learning Outcomes

1. Analyze and discuss the relationship of the Modern Architecture of Malaysia with social, cultural,
environmental and intellectual context of Malaysian architecture post Merdeka/Independence.
2. Differentiate the way in which many varied factors contribute to the development of Modern Malaysian
Architecture
3. Produce, a diagrammatic analysis illustratively and in text, a critical chronology analysis interpretation of
Modern Malaysian architecture.
4. A continuous chronology poster.
5. An on-line data account of the Modern Architecture chronology and diagrammatic analysis interpretation
of Malaysian architecture also containing references and bibliography.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Architecture


Architecture Culture and History 2
Project 1:Timeline and Diagram Analysis 2|Pa g e
Task and Submission

Modern Malaysia Architectural Chronology of:

1. Kuala Lumpur
i) North East Kuala Lumpur
ii) South East Kuala Lumpur
iii) North West Kuala Lumpur
iv) South West Kuala Lumpur

2. Selangor
i) Petaling Jaya

Group work: The first outcome of the project will be an A3 sized illustrative chronology poster of Modern
Malaysian Architecture (hard-copy) (20%) that interprets the Modern Malaysian Architectural language and
architecture influences to the architectural development of Malaysia in particular.

Submission format

Size: Continuous Timeline Analysis Poster of A3 width, with updated data and visual of chosen topic. APA
Referencing and sourcing is a must.

Example of Buildings:

1. Federal House, Kuala Lumpur


2. General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur
3. Chin Woo Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
4. Sime Darby Building, Kuala Lumpur
5. Federal Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
6. Concorde Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
7. Menara Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur
8. Wisma Angkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur
9. Petaling Jaya Civic Centre, Petaling Jaya, Selangor
10. Standard Chartered Building, Kuala Lumpur
11. Old JKR Building, Kuala Lumpur
12. Bank Negara Malaysia,Kuala Lumpur
13. Dewan Tunku Canselor, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
14. Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur
15. TNB Headquarters, Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur
16. Bangunan Getah Asli, Kuala Lumpur
17. Parliament Building, Kuala Lumpur

Marking Criteria

Marks shall be distributed as follows:

Research time-line and diagram analysis poster submission: (Group 20%) (Marks below are translated
from 100%)
Clarity of illustrative content 20%
Historical Architectural Advances through chronology 30%
Modern architecture principles analysis discussion 30%
Organization and structure of timeline + APA references & citations 20%

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Text Books
1. Curtis, William J.R. 2002. Modern Architecture since 1900. New York: Phaidon.
2. Fazio, M., Moffet, M., Wodehouse,L., 2009. A World History of Architecture. London: Lawrence King
Publishing
3. Frampton, Kenneth. 2000. Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London: Thames and Hudson.
4. Weston, R. 1996. Modernism. London: Phaidon Press
5. Weston, R. 2011. 100 Ideas that Changed Architecture. Laurence King Publishing.
6. Azaiddy, A. 2015. The Living Machines, Malaysias Modern Architectural Heritage. Pertubuhan Akitek
Malaysia with Taylors University
7. Voon Fee, C. 2007. The Encyclopedia of Malaysia Architecture. Archipelago Press.
8. Yeang, Ken. 1992. The Architecture of Malaysia. Pepin Press.
9. Yeang, Ken. 2007. Building Merdeka: Independence Architecture of Kuala Lumpur.
10. H. Clark, Robert 2012. Precedents in Architecture Analytical Diagram:, Formative Ideas and Parts,
Fourth Edition

Recommended Reading
1. Blaser, Werner. Mies Van Der Rohe . Berlin: Birkhauser Verlag Carter,
2. Frampton, Kenneth. 2000. Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London: Thames and Hudson.
3. Ghirardo, Diane. 1996. Architecture after Modernism. Thames and Hudson Ltd.
4. Gossel, Peter. Leuthauser, Gabriele. 2005. Architecture in the 20th Century. Berlin: Taschen
5. Jencks, Charles. 2000. Le Corbusier and the Continual Revolution in Architecture. New York: The
Monacelli Press
6. Kostoff, Spiro. 1985. A History of Architecture: Settings and Rituals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
7. Mc Carter, Robert. 2001, . Frank Llyod Wright Architect. New York: Phaidon
8. Norberg-Schulz, Christian. 1976. Meaning in Western Architecture. New York: Praeger Publishers.
9. Peter. 2005. Mies Van Der Rohe at Work . New York: Phaidon
10. Ray, Katerina R. 2010. Bauhaus Dream- House: Modernity and Globalization. New York : Routledge
11. Scully, Vincent Jr. 1975. Modern Architecture. New York: George Braziller, Inc.
12. Snibble, Patricia. M, Richard W. 1999. The New Modernist in World Architecture. New York:
McGraw Hill
13. Watkinson, Gordon. Bauhaus Twenty 21. An ongoing Legacy. Boston: Birkhauser

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*Appendix A: Group Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week 2-5 - To be kept by Tutor when it is fully
completed
*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ State: ____________________


Tutors Name:

(Leader)
1. Name:__________________________ ID:_____________________ H/p:_________
2. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
3. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
4. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________

(To be filled by students)


N Task assigned: Principle of Modern Date Description of Task: Tutors
a Signature :
Malaysian Progress/Completed
m Students
e Architecture.
Written/ Sketches: Signature :
Name:

1. (Tutors Signature :)

Week 3
(Students Signature :)

2. (Tutors Signature :)

Week 4
(Students Signature :)

3. (Tutors Signature :)

Week 5 (Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week 3 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week 4 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week 5 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week 3 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week 4 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week 5 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week 3 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week 4 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week 5 (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

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*Appendix B: Group Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week_____- To be kept by Tutor when it is fully
completed
*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ State: ____________________


Tutors Name:

(Leader)
1. Name:__________________________ ID:_____________________ H/p:_________
2. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
3. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
4. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________

(To be filled by students)


N Task assigned: Principle of Modern Date Description of Task: Tutors
a Signature :
Malaysian Progress/Completed
m Students
e Architecture.
Written/ Sketches Signature :
Name:

1. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

Name:

1. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

3. Week (Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

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*Appendix C: Individual Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week ______. To be kept by Tutor when it is fully completed
*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ Site/Building: ____________________ Literature Scope: ___________


Tutors Name:
Name:__________________________ ID:_____________________ H/p:_________

(To be filled by students)


Date Research Task / Literature Analysis: Description of Task: Tutors
Required: Written/ Sketches: Progress/Completed Signature :
Students
Signature :
(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

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Example of Klang Map

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture) 8|Pa g e


Example of a Diagram Analysis

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Attachment 1:
Print out one marking sheet per group.
Marking sheet to be included with the project.

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN


CENTER FOR MODERN ARCHITECTURE STUDIES IN
SOUTHEAST ASIA
ARCHITECTURE CULTURE &HISTRORY 2 [ARC 60203]
PREREQUISITE: ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 1 [ARC1313]

Marking Sheet
Project 1: Timeline and Diagram Analysis
(Group) 20%

Name of Tutor: ______________________________________________________________


Name of Area: ______________________________________________________________

Name of Student Student ID


1
2
3
4
5

Criteria 1 2 3 4 5 Total
Unsatisfactor Developing Satisfactory Proficient Excellent 100%
y
40-49 (D-, D, 50-54 , 55- 60-64 (B-), 70-74 (B+) 80-100 (A)
D+) 59 (C+) 65-69 (B) 75-79 (A-)
Group Research Timeline Poster Date:
(20%)
Overall Timeline Poster
Historical Inaccurate Has at least Has at least Has Has clear &
Architectur accounts of inferable inferable understandable comprehensive
al Advances historical and account of account of account of account of
through architectural historical and historical and historical and historical and
diagrams progresses and architectural architectural architectural architectural
and diagrams progresses progresses progresses and progresses and
chronology through the through the and diagrams diagrams diagrams
(30%) designated designated through the through the through the
era. period. designated designated era. designated era.
Provide period. Using some Using accurate
minimum Provide diagrams diagrams
diagrams and diagrams (geometric, (geometric,
some correct (although not plans, drawings, plans, drawings,
description. necessarily and/or &/or
with best photographs) photographs)
choice); and and enough and strong
appropriate descriptions. descriptions.
descriptions.

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Principles No evidence Has at least Has at least Has Has clear
analysis of; or inferable inferable understandab analysis
discussio inaccurate analysis analysis le analysis account of
n (30%) analysis of account of account of account of the the modern
the some of the some of the modern of Islamic
principles of principles of principles of architecture, architecture,
modern modern modern using some using
architecture architecture architecture diagrams accurate
. , using , using (geometric, diagrams
minimum diagrams plans, (geometric,
diagrams (although drawings, plans,
and at least not &/or drawings,
one correct necessarily photographs) &/or
description. with the and photographs)
best appropriate and strong
choice); and descriptions. descriptions.
some
descriptions
Clarity of Inappropriat Has Has at least Has an Has
12llustrat e appropriate inferable understandab comprehensi
ive presentatio presentatio tiered le hierarchical ve clear
Content n and size, n. presentatio presentation. hierarchical
(20%) low quality Illustrations n. Illustrations presentation.
and are not well Illustrations are Illustrations
irrelevant arranged. are appropriately are well
images Some moderately organized, in organized, in
images and arranged, in acceptable proper size
font style convenient size and using and using
are in size and clear high crisp clear
inconvenien using clear quality and high quality
t size, low quality and relevant and relevant
quality and relevant mages and mages and
irrelevant mages and font style font style
font style
Organizatio Arrangement Arrangement Analysis Analysis details Analysis details
n and of analysis of analysis details are are well are clear,
structure of details is details is roughly organized with complete and
timeline confusing. unclear. arranged in a appropriate carefully
(10%) Timeline is Timeline is workable precedents. arranged to add
directionless disorganized order with Timeline is interest and
and unrelated and only few precedents stimulating, clarity to
with numerous analyses are that well-constructed precedents,
irrelevant interconnecte sometimes off and interrelated Timeline build
statements to d with the flow. Timeline to synthesis. has interesting
synthesis. synthesis. is generally and convincing
well synthesis
constructed to
support the
synthesis

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APA Has given Has Has complete Has complete Has
references none; or incomplete and has no and has no more comprehensive
& citations incomplete and and has no more than 4 than 2 and no
(10%) improper more than 6 parenthetical parenthetical parenthetical
parenthetical parenthetical and citation and citation and citation
and citation and citation errors errors according errors according
according to errors according to to APA to APA
APA guidelines according to APA guidelines guidelines guidelines
APA guidelines

Comments:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Final Grade:
Grades Mark 20%

Name of Lecturer/Tutor: Signature of Lecturer/Tutor: Date:

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Prepared by: Checked by: Approved by:

Siti Balkish Roslan Keith Tan Kay Hin Mohd Adib Ramli

. . .
Date: 24th March 28, 2017 Date: Date:
Email: sitibalkish.roslan@taylors.edu.my Stream Coordinator Program Director
Office No.: 0356295000 (CAS Studies)
Office Location: Academic Suite D9

Remarks:
1. The Project Brief is to be distributed to the students in the first week of the semester.
2. Any changes to the Project Brief shall be communicated (in writing) to the Programme Director
and the approved revised version must be communicated to the students

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