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2004 7 J ul.

2004
25 4 Foreign Language Educat ion V ol. 25 N o. 4

COLEC
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( 150086; 453002)

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: H313. 1 : A : 1000-5544( 2004) 04-0030-03
Abstract: T he objective of this r esearch is: 1) to disco ver bo th the gr ammatical and co llocational misuse o f the ver b-
no un collo catio n patter ns in the CO L EC thr ough analy sis of the inter lang uage features displa yed ther eof; 2) to ex-
plor e the causes o f such feat ur es and er r or s based o n the statistics and descr iptio n o f t he patter ns o f co llocation exam-
ined ; and 3) to sugg est the peda go gical implications of the findings . It ha s been discov ered that the college lear ner s
ha ve ex plicit featur es in their use o f v erb-noun co llocations, which hav e show n hig her frequency of err or s than a ny
other co llo cat ion patter ns, and such err or s ar e mor e ser io us than gr ammatical err or s a s they cause v agueness and am-
big uity in expr essio ns and co mmunicatio n failur e. T he students' err o rs in ver b-noun co llocat ions have show n t hat
ver bs and no uns play cr ucial ro les and create majo r pro blems a s w ell in the v ocabular y study . T he majo r cause of such
err or s co uld be att ributed t o the neg ativ e t ransfer of the mother tong ue. W hen the pat terns of the co llocation incr ease
in leng th, less mo ther tong ue tr ansfer is fo und as t he student s r ely mor e o n their ex istent lexical know ledg e t o fulfill
their tasks. T he pedag og ical implicat ion is that emphasis and concentrat ion o n the collocations a nd usag e of the com-
mo n ver bs and nouns in lig ht o f t heir actual contex t and co llo cat ional r estrictio ns will help impr ov e the lear ners lex ical
lear ning efficiency and enhance their w r iting ability .
Key words : CO L EC ; collo catio n patt erns ; collocatio n err or s ; inter lang uage

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no uf ( 1993) ( G ra mmatical F ram ewo rks) , ,
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Hunst on Fr ancis( 1998) ,
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Renouf , Sinclair , Ho ust on F ra ncis
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2004 7 J ul. 2004
25 4 Foreign Language Educat ion V ol. 25 N o. 4

, , ( annot atio n) 3. 2
( pro blem-o r iented anno tation ) ( M eyer , ,
2002: 97-98) ( CO L EC ) learn, ado pt , o bt ain, aim, benefit, catch, cause , chang e,
( , 199920012003) , 6 clean, consider, co ntribute , defend, develop, do, dr iv e, e-
, cc1( ) cc2( conom ize, find , impr ov e, increase, join , know , learn , limit ,
)
cc3( ) cc4( ) cc5( loo k, made, pay, per for m, practice, preserv e, pro ceed, pr o-
) cc6( ) , duce, pr ov ide, put , rea ch , r ealize, repor t , say , study , take,
, think, touch, tr ain, ur g e, use, w atch ,
2) P ow er Gr ep , ,
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; 3) 1 V + D + N ,
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3. , 5 78
( intr alingual tr ansfer ) ,
3. 1 CO L EC
, CO L EC ,
1042 , , 55. 85% , 1. V + D + N
( 1) ,
, 1 lear n T he so ciety

2 enlar ge T heir kno wledge

3 sho w T heir ability

4 t ake mor e pr actice

5 m ade mor e pr actice

6 r each T he effect

7 t ype T he co mput er

8 w o rk one jo b

9 ea rn Our exper iences

10 g r ow T he habit
1: COL EC
2 V + ( D+ ) + N ,
V + D + NV + ( D+ ) 1 + N , 2
, : V + N V + T O + D + N , 1 ,
D , COL EC , ,
the, a, mo re, his , her , t heir
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, 1) V + D + N ( ) ; , COL EC
2) V + ( D+ ) + N ( ) ; 3) V + , ,
N ( , ) ; 4) , ,
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, 38. 14% , learn, make, o bt ain, take,
31. 61% , 16. 49% , study, g et ,
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13. 16% , , ,
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2004 7 J ul. 2004
25 4 Foreign Language Educat ion V ol. 25 N o. 4

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1 ex pand ,
mo re fr esh w ater
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2 so me g oo d m easur es, ,
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3 the w ater r esour ce . ,
late
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pr oce-
4 conduct the cer tain ,
dure.
5 face o ur ow n life , ,
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6 fo rbid the w ater po llutio n
4.
7 g et g reat health g ains. ?

8 handle these t wo m easur es ,


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9 help o ur co untr y's building

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10 join so me jobs
ing ful
ex peri- ,
11 learn mo re so cial
ences ,
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: life , hope, failur e, practice, success , kno wledg e; spor ts , , ,
newspaper s , t eet h ( 3) , ,
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3. V + N

ackno w ledge life


[ 1] Renouf , A nt oinet te and Sinclair , M cH. Coll ocation al f ramew orks
builds ho pe in E nglis h[ A ] . In A ijm er, K arin & A lt enb erg, A lt enb erg ( eds . ) .
do failur e Eng li sh Corp us L ing uisti cs[ C ] . London: Longman, 1993.
[ 2] M eyer , Charles F . E ng lish Corp us L ing uistic s - An int roduct ion
g et meet ing [ M ] . Cam bridge : CU P, 2002.
make pr act ice [ 3] Hunst on, Susan & F rancis, Gill. Verbs o bserv ed: A corpus-driv en pedag og -
ic gramm ar[ J] . Ap p lied L inguistics, 1998, 19( 1) : 45-72.
make success [ 4] . [ J] . , 1999( 1) .
makes failur e [ 5] . [ J ] .
, 2001( 3) .
play spor ts
[ 6] . CO LEC [ J] . ,
see new spapers 2003( 3) .

study know ledg e


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