You are on page 1of 6

105 N o.

105
2005 10 CAFLE O ct. 2005

:

1 2
,
( 1. , 100029; 1. 2. , 210039)

: ,

: ; ;
: H 319. 9 : A : 1001 5795( 2005) 05 0019 0006

,

( Leech 1998: 3 ), , ICLE ,
ICLE 14








ICLE
14 ,
,
ICLE
1
, , 500 1000;
: , ; ,
, , ,
, 1
,
( )


,
ICLE Louvain 200

, , JEFLL M eikai 50
, 8 JPU Pecs 40
, 2 M ELD M ontclair 5
1. 1
PELCRA Lod z 50
, 2 ,
U SE U ppsala 100
, 6 ,
LLC 1000

CLC > 20000
( 1) ICLE
ICLE( Interna tiona l Corpus o f Learne r Eng lish) L IN SE I Louvain 100

, 200, 1990, SSTC M eikai 100


Louva in- L a - N euve Sy lv iane G rang er

: ( 1962 ), , , : , ,
( 1977 ), : ,
: 2005 03 02

19
, : :

TOSCA ; ; ;
TOSCA - ICLE ICLE , ,
17, 220 , http: / /www. un.i lodz. p l/ pe l
, , cra / sam ples. h tm
M S- DOS ( 4) U SE
, Louva in- la- N euve , U SE U ppsa la ,
( E rror Ed itor), 1998
, , 1999 U SE ,
, 7, , 800 1000 ,
/
, , 200 ,
, , , U SE , Brill
TO SCA tagger,
, , , ,
h ttp: / /www. fltr. uc.l ac. be / fltr/ germ / etan / cecl/Cecl- Pro U SE , , USE
jects /Ic le / ic le. htm, ( g range r@ lige. ,
uc.l ac. be) , , ,
( 2) JPU , U SE
JPU Jozse fH orvath, , http: / /www. enge lska. uu. se / use. htm l
1992- 1998 ( 5) JEFLL
, 5: JEFLL 1996,

Y uk io T ono 50,
JPU
20 ,
,
, , , 20 150 JEFLL
JPU , ,
, CLAW S ,
, , JPU SEM TAG, The A pple P ie P arser, ,
, T ag Ed itor E rror Ed ito r
, JEFLL
,
, , 5 , ,
, JPU JPU ,
h ttp: / /www. g eoc ities. com / jpu_corpus , JEFLL , ( h t
2001 10 , tp: / / leo. m eika.i ac. jp /~ tono / index. h tm l) , ,

( 3) PELCRA ( 6) M ELD
PELCRA L odz M ELD E ileen F itz
, 1997, pa tr ick M ilton S. Seegm iller, ,
, 5 , ,
, PELCRA M ELD ,
, , , , 500
300 1000 1998- 2000 ,


L odz, 50, 000, M ELD
, , , , ,
3 , ,
1- 4 ,
PELCRA ,
, PELCRA : http: / /www. chss. m ontc la ir. edu / chss / lin
, : guistics/M ELD / index. htm l

20
, : :

( 7) CLC LLC TONO ,


( CLC ) ( LLC) ( A CTFL- A LC ) , 1- 9,
, 2000
, ,
2001 ,
, , , 2003, , ,
CLC , , y. tono@ m e ika.i ac. jp
,
2
, 1~ 1. 5 CLC U p
per M ain Suite Exam ina tions, , 90
, CLC , , 2004
, , , 6 , , 2 ,
, , 4
,
2
, CLC
( )

CLC , , HKU ST > 2500

LLC TSLC 300


,
CLEC 100
, , ,


(

) CO LSEC 50
( ) LLC
M SEE / 87. 6
,
SW ECCL / > 200
http: / /www. longman. com /
d ic tionar ies/ co rpus/ lccont. htm l
1. 2 ( 1) HKU ST
HKU ST
, 2 ( lc john@ ust. hk), 2500,
( 1) L IN SE I ( L INSE I Spo , , 1000
ken Co rpus) , 2001,
L IN SEI 1995, Louvain
S. G ranger ( g range r@ lige. uc.l ac. be) , :
, 50 10 ? ?
, , ? HKU ST
30, 20, ( )
,

,
, , ,
, , , CLAW S ,
,
, ,
, , ,
( 2) ( The S tanda rd Speaking ( 2) T SLC
T est Co rpus of Japanese EFL L ea rners) T SLC ,
SSTC , 1999 , , 1994 ,
, Show a
( )
ALC , , ,
, 100 , 300- 500,

21
, : :

, ,
, 11
,
, SECCL
, , , ,
,
T eleN ex, T eleN ex T eleG ram T e leT each 1996- 2002 7
, 1148, 1148,
T eleG ram 1, 460, 042 ,
, T eleT each ( HEADER M ARKU P) , ,
http: / /www. T eleN ex. hku. hk ( ) ,
( 3) CLEC , CLAW S
( CLEC) SECCL (

, 2003 2005: 2): , ,
( , 2003) ; , 7 ,
46 100 ; ,
, ,
, , CLAW S
,
( 4) COLSEC ; ,
,
( CLEC ) , , ,
2002 , 50
,
W ECCL SECCL , 100
, , 9 1
, - 4,
, , , , ,
, 2005 , 200- 800 ,
( 5) M SEE W ECCL 3578
M SEE 1998 " , 1, 186, 215 , 3059 , 529
" (M SSW ) , 90 , 9,
(M SEE) , , ,
, ( M SSW, M SSS) , , 489 1- 4
87. 6 , M SSW 40 , 1997 , , 278, 121, 90,
21 1200 , CLAW S
1998 21 2000 , , 95. 5%
W ECCL
, ,
( 6) SW ECCL ,
( SW ECCL ) , : ;
211 ( Spoken ; ; ; ;
Eng lish Corpus o f Chinese L earners, SECCL ) ;
, ,
( W ritten Eng lish Corpus of 40; , , ,
Ch inese Learners, W ECCL ) , , ; ,
200 , SECCL 100 , ; , 300 ;
W ECCL 100, , , 1- 4 ,

22
, : :

; ,
, , ( 2005: 5), ,
, , , ,
; , , , ,
,
W ECCL ;
, , (
, , ,
2005: 2): , , ,
; , , ( Con t
; , rastive Interlanguage A nalysis)
, ( 2005: 4 ):
;
;
3
; ,
3. 1
, , ,
E llis ( 1994: 670), : ,
: , ,
; ( me talingua l judgem en ts) , ; , ,
, , ; ,

( gramm aticality); , ,
, , (
( introspectiv e data) , E llis

)
2 3
, : , ,
, , ; ,
4
, , , ,
; , ,
, : ,
( G ranger 2002: 87) : ;
, ,
; ,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
, ,

, , ,
, [ 1] E llis, R. Stud ies of Second L anguage A cqu is ition[ M ]. Ox
fo rd: O x fo rd U n ive rsity P ress, 1994.
( 2005: 2): , [ 2] G range r, Sy lv iane ( ed). L earner Eng lish on Com pute r[ C].
, ; , London: A ddisonW esley L ongman L im ited, 1998.
, ; , [ 3] G ranger, S. , H uang, J. & P etch - Ty son, S. , ( eds).
, Computer L earner Co rpo ra, Second L anguage A cquisition
; , and F oreign L anguage T each ing [ C ]. L anguage L earn ing

, and L anguage T each ing 6. B en jam ins, Am sterdam & Ph ila


3. 2 de lphia, 2002.
, , [ 4] L eech, G eo ffrey. P re face[ A ]. In S. G ranger ( ed), x iv -
, xx, 1998.

23
, : :

[ 5] , . [M ]. , 2005.
, 2003. [ 7] , , .
[ 6] . [ R ] . [ M ]. ( ), 2005.

C urrent D eve lopm ents in Learner Eng lish Corpus in and outs ide Ch in a
1
WANG L i f ei , SUN X iao kun
( 1. Beijin gUniversity o f Internat io na l Busin ess and E conom ics, Be ijing 100029, Ch in a;
1. 2. Nan jin g International Stud ies Un iv ersity, Nan jing, Jiangsu 210039, Ch in a)

Abstract: T h is paper g ives an overv iew o f the current developm en ts in learner Eng lish corpora in and outsid e Ch i
na. It also discusses the th eory and approach o f corpus- based SLA stud ies, a new perspectiv e in second language ac
quisit ion research.
K ey w ord s: L earner Corpus; SLA R esearch; Current Developm ents

1979, 1981 A. , E - m a il w ord


, , ,
B. A4 , 4
, 1. 5
, / C. 4~ 6
( CSSC I) D. : ( )

, , , 80


E. : :

( 1964 ), , ( / ):

CN31- 1036 /G4 F. :

ISSN 1001- 5795 em a il
4- 378, 8, 48 G. , ,
, : 021 -
65611164, : w ydh jx 204@ 163. com :
: 550 366 , ,
, 200083 , ,

: :

: 366


: 200083

: w ydh jx 204@ 163. com



:

24