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You are on page 1of 52

For

Roof Framing

By Al Birbeck

Roof Framing.

terms.

http://www.theroofframer.com

Contents:

Page

Roof Framers Math 3-6

Cosine Chart 7

Gable Roof 8 - 11

Hip Roof 14 - 19

Polygon Chart 20

Octagon 21 - 24

Ellipse 25 -27

Bow Window 34 - 38

Page 2

Roof Framers

Math

Page 3

Tools Needed:

1. An open Mind

2.An inexpensive Scientific Calculator

3.Framing Square

4.Sharp Pencil

Trig. Functions:

Sine: Ratio of Rise to Rafter Length

5 13 = .384615385

Push INV or 2ndF and Sine Key.

22.619 deg. should be on Display.

12 13 = .923076923

Push INV or 2ndF and Cosine Key.

22.619 deg. should be on Display.

5 12 = .416666667

Push the INV or 2ndF and Tangent Key

22.619 deg. should be on Display.

r Rise

a fte 5

R

1 3 67.38 90 - 22.62 = 67.38

22.62 90

Run 12

Off the Horizontal. 22.619865

Page 4

Similar Triangles

Two Triangles are Similar if the three Angles of

One Triangle are equal, respectively, to the three

Angles of the other Triangle.

Any Triangle can be Enlarged or Reduced in Size

By Multiplying or Dividing every Leg of the

Triangle by the Same Number.

You can lay-out Rafters for them easily by

Adding some dimensions for the Sides and a Pitch

for the Roof.

Page 5

Formulas:

To Find Sum of Angles In an Enclosure:

Number of Sides or Corners Minus 2 times 180

Degrees equals the sum of the Interior Angles.

Sine of Hip Slope Divided by Tangent of Corner

Angle Equals the Tangent of the Saw Setting.

Push Inv. Or 2nd F and Tangent Key.

The Degrees will be on Display if your Calculator

Is in Degree Mode.

The Hip.

If you have a single pitch, the Corner Angles will

Be the same.

Corner Angles will be different, if you have a

Different Pitch on each side of the Hip.

Examples:

16/12 Pitch

29.36 4 9/12 67.5

16/12 .6

60 Pitch

45

Pitch

67.

45

5

16/12 Pitch

Rafters:

(Span of Building minus the thickness of the Ridge

Board) Divided by the Span of the Scale Equals a

Multiplier.

Will give you the Actual Dimension on the

Building.

Page 6

Cosine Chart

Rise per 12 Units of Common Cosine Hip Cosine

Common Run &

16.97056275 units of

Hip Run

1 .99654758 .998268397

2 .986393924 .993127066

3 .9701425 .984731928

4 .948683298 .973328527

5 .923076923 .95923292

6 .89442719 .942809042

7 .863778901 .924445459

8 .832050294 .904534034

9 .80 .883452209

10 .76822128 .86154979

11 .73715414 .839140322

12 .707106781 .816496581

13 .678280103 .793849442

14 .650791373 .771389216

15 .624695048 .749268649

16 .60 .727606875

17 .576683198 .706493771

18 .554700196 .685994341

19 .533992991 .666152858

20 .514495755 .646996639

21 .496138938 .628539361

22 .478852131 .610783918

23 .462566007 .593724835

24 .447213596 .577350269

Note: The number of Run of the Run of the Hip Rafter to the

Hip Run Units will Common Rafter to Ridge Board divided by the

change if working with the Ridge Board Cosine in this Column

Multiple Pitches and divided by the equals the Length of the

the Hip Cosine will Cosine in this Hip Rafter

change. Column equals

Length of the

Common Rafter

Please

Double Check the Calculations.

Page 7

Gable Roof

20/ fter

16/16

Ra

16

Rise

/9 r

15 afte

R 9/9 Rise

Rise

36.869 1.00 53.13

Ra 5

1 .2

r

afte 666 fte

r

R 66

1.

When You are Calculating for your Scale.

Cosine x Rafter Length = Run to the Ridge

Sine x Rafter Length = The Rise

the Decimal not being carried out Far enough.

Page 8

Gable Roof

Legend

Measurement Line

2"

.5 202

e 137

H.A.P. Ris

r

fte "

Ra .90"

Ra 9.20

171

fte

22

r

Ridge 1"

Run to Ridge Run to Ridge

137.52022 x 1.3333 =183.36" 137.52022 x .75 = 103.14"

The Run on each Pitch to Ridge Plus Ridge Thickness must = Span of Building.

(288" - 1" Ridge) = 286.5" Span of Scale 2.08333" =

137.52022 The Multiplier

Page 9

Gable Roof

9/12 & 16/12 Pitch

22" Difference in Plate Elevation

20/ fter

16/16

Ra

16

Rise

/9 r

15 afte

R 9/9 Rise

12/9 Run

12/16 Run

Rise

1.00

Ra 5

1 .2

r

fte 666

fte

a

r

R 66

1.

Page 10

Gable Roof

Add H.A.P. To 123.44" to

. 44"

Calculate Rise to Top

e 123

Of Ridge Board. H.A.P. Ris

"

36

Ra

3 9

2.

fte

24

r1

er

aft

54

R

.3 "

36.869 =

"

336 53.13

.7

205

+ Run 164.5886" Run 92.58"

"

6.66 Ridge Board

3

1"

22" Difference in

22" 9 x 12 =Run 29.33" Plate Elevations

The Run on each Pitch to Ridge Plus Ridge Thickness must = Span of Building.

29.33" + 164.5886" + 1 " + 92.58" = 287.9986" Span

To a 288" Total Span.

Page 11

The Framing Square

all the Numbers on

your Framing Always work with

Square with a little one edge of the

understanding of Framing Square at a

The Three Trig time (Inside or Out-

Functions that I side). If you dont,

have told you your Angles will be

about. off.

The Framing

Square is a very

handy Tool for

Marking your Raf-

ters and Laying out

Page 12

The Framing Square

Plumb Cut

Measurement Line

x

x

Pitch 6 9/16":12"

(6.5625)

Birds mouth

fter

Seat Cut

Ra

Example: 5Wall Run 12 Run = 0.4583333

Multiplier X 6.5625 = 3.0078

5

I always mark a parallel Line

About " in from the edge and this

Is where I Hold my Run & Rise

Your Framing Square to.

x

Rise

x Run

n g er

S tri

air

St

Please dont forget to cut

The thickness of the Tread

Off bottom Riser

Page 13

Hip Roof

Rise 1.0

1 .3

5 = le

16/

0

333

1 .5

+ .7 Sca

3" o 12

o/c

/c

60. 2

6 4 9 .3 6

.7 5 "

.75 an of

.7 5

9/1

Run " o/

Sp

c

1 .3

333

.7 5

3 45

o/c

Run

60. 45

.7 5 "

64

c

Run

" o/

1 .3 2 9 .3 6 .7 5

.7 5

5 = ale

1 .5 0

33 33" 16/

.7 5

c

o/c 12

.7 5 n o f S

16

Run

/12 45

+ .7

1 .3 S 45

333 pan of

c

Spa

" o/

.7 5

3+ S " o/

.75 cale

.7 5

c

=2

.0 8

333

Legend:

Common Run 1.33333 Common Run .75

It Depends which way you want the Ridge to Run.

When working with Multiple Pitches.

Large Multipliers can produce Discrepancies.

Always Double Check your Calculations using Trig. Functions.

Page 14

Hip Roof

Span 144"

Ridge 186.08"

Of Ridge End Of Ridge

126.66" 71.25"

Length 384"

Length of Building 384" - 126.66" - 71.25" = 186.08" Ridge

Formula:

Span of the Building Minus the Ridge Divided by Span of

the Scale Equals a Multiplier. The Multiplier Times Any

Measurement on the Scale Equals that Measurement

On the Building.

Measurements on Building

95 x 1.66666 = 158.3327 Common Rafter 95 x 1.25 = 118.75 Common Rafters

95 x 1.82763 = 173.62485 Hip Rafters 95 x 1.45773 =138.4851075 Hip Rafters

95 x 1.33333 = 126.66635 Common Run 95 x .75 =71.25 Common Run

95 x 1.0 = 95" Rise

Page 15

Bevel of Hips

Common Rafter 1.66666 Common Rafter 1.25

Common Run .75

e

44.

Be 2 Hi H ip Sid

is

17. vel p 5 h e

Be 107 Th

is S 4.4 el T

Hip Sid

vel Hip 3 ev is

Th ide B 5 h

is s .4 l T

34 eve

Span 144"

ide

B

Ridge 186.08"

34 ve

.4 l T

Be

ip

H s side

5 h

34 eve

0 7

H is S

.4 l T

i

B

1

17. el Th

ip id

5 hi

de

v Hip Si

Hi s S

Be . 2 This

p id

4

4 vel

e

Be

e

Length 384"

Rise 1.0 Hip Rafter

1.82763 = .5471567 1.33333 .75

Sine of Hip Slope On West = 1.77777

Side of Building. Tangent 60.64 Corner Angle

= .307775699. .75 1.33333 =

Push Inv. & Tangent Key. .562501406.

17.107 Bevel of Hip. Tangent 29.36 Corner Angle

= 972720591.

Push Inv. & Tangent Key

44.2 Bevel of Hip

Page 16

Bevel of Hips

Tangent of 45 Corner Angle

1.457737 = .685994799 Push Inv. & Tangent Key.

Sine of Hip Slope On East 34.449 Degrees should be on

Side of Building. Display. Bevel of Hip on Each Side

Page 17

Legend

Common Rafter 1.66666 Measurement Lines Common Rafter 1.25

Common Run .75

45

.3 6

29

64 45

60.

60.

64

45

29.

36

45

Saw Settings

60.64 Side Cut of Jacks 45 Side Cut of Jacks

At the Green Hips At the Purple Hips

At the Ridge At the Ridge

At the Green Hips

& Run on your Framing

Square.

Mark the Run for Your Seat Cut.

Page 18

Rise 1.0

Run

5 = le

16/

0

1 .3

1 .5

+ .7 Sca

3 12

60. 29.

.75 an of

64 36

/12

Run

Sp

Run

1 .3

9

3 45

.7 5

Run

60. 45

64

Run

.7 5

29. .7 5

Run 36 Run

1 .3 16/

3 12

.7 5

16/

Run

12 45

Sp 45

1.3 an of

.7 5

3+ Run

S

.75 cale .7 5

=2

.0 8

It Depends which way you want the Ridge to Run.

Common Rafter 1.66666 Hip Rafter 1.82763 Common Rafter 1.25 Hip Rafter 1.457737

Common Run 1.33333 Hip Run 1.52979 Common Run .75 Hip Run 1.06066

Jacks @ 16" on Center Jacks @ 16" on Center

Cut against the Green Cut against the Purple

Hips on the West End Hips on the North, East and

South End.

16" .75 x 1.6666 = 35.55"

16" .75 x 1.25 = 26.66"

Difference in Length of

Jacks @ 16" on Center

Cut against the Green

Hips on the South and

North End.

16" 1.33333 x 1.25 = 15"

Page 19

Polygon Chart

No. Of Sides Saw Settings in No. Of Units on Hip or

Degrees for Side Center per 12 Valley Run per

cuts of Hips & Units of Run per 12 Units of

Jacks Common Rafter Common Run

4 45 12 16.97056275

5 36 8.71851033 14.8328157

6 30 6.9282032 13.85640646

9 20 4.3676428 12.770133269

10 18 3.899036 12.61754669

12 15 3.2153903 12.423314

15 12 2.5506787 12.2680871

18 10 2.1159237 12.18511934

20 9 1.90061328 12.14958

36 5 1.0498639 12.045838

Point of Contact vided by the settings x 12 = squared + 12

of Hips & Jacks, number of sides these numbers squared =

Make Plumb Cut = Saw Settings. used for Plate 147.6123308.

First & Hold At the Eaves, layout. Square Root of

Bed of Portable Hold Bed of Saw 147.6123308 =

Saw on Cut On Wide part of 12.14958

Material for Hips.

Edge.

Page 20

Octagon

This is a Scale for an Octagon with a

9/12 Pitch

Rise

9

gth

Len

m on

8

13

Com

2

.8 0

th er

15

ng aft

15

Le ip R

H

40

Ru

u n 60

R 70

on

ip 88

1 2 mm

H .9

2

Co

In c 1

hes

4.97 O/C

056 In c

h

4.97 es O/C

Len 056

g

9.94 th of S

112 i

54 de

At the Point of Contact of Hips & Jacks, Make the Plumb Cut

First & Hold Bed of Portable Saw on the Cut Edge.

The Hip Rafter Tail can be cut with the Bed of Saw on the

Wide part of the Rafter Material.

Page 21

Octagon

Length of Side + (2 x 4.97) 9.941 = the Multiplier.

The Multiplier x 15.802 = the Length of Hips.

in.

1 .5

Hip

1.5 in.

Jacks .7 5

Length of Side 17

.8 1

12 in. O.H.

4.97 in. 17

On Center .8 1

.8117

16 in.

16.75 in.

15.938 in.

4.97056275 times 15 = 48.098". Length of 1st. Jack to long side of

Cut.

3rd. Jack 48.098 +48.28 + 48.28 etc.

This includes the Over Hang so you have to step back 12 inches on

the Level with your Framing Square to Mark the Birds Mouth.

Page 22

Octagon

The Measurement

Line for Commons & Hips is the Point where the Rafter

makes contact with the Outer Edge of the Plate and is Par-

allel with the Rafter and runs the Full Length.

the Point of Contact at the Plate for Hips and Jacks.

Sides on the

Backs of two Hip Rafters without a bend in the String.

H.A.P.

e

n t Lin

me

as u re

Me

H.A.P.

If you are going to

Have a Cathedral

Ceiling!

Page 23

Octagon

48 15 = 3.2

3.2 x 4.97 =15.9058

96"

15.9058"

Plywood

e in

Cut l

48"

Page 24

Ellipse

Page 25

90 4 = 22 1/2

Rise 9.0"

Cut Line

22.5 Cosine

.923879 x 12.0 =

11.086" Run12.0"

Rise

8.485

4.59

8.3149"

22.5 deg. Run 11.086"

45.0 deg.

67.5 deg Rise

6.36"

Run 8.48"

Rise

Run 3.44"

4.59"

.70708 x 9 = 6.36 Rise 12 = 8.485" Run

Rise

9.0

Run 12.0

Page 26

Cut out

for Pipe

Roof

Decking

Roof is a good example

of an Ellipse.

Page 27

Hip Roof Problem:

Common Rafter Tails cut square

Page 28

00

13. mon 5.00

m

Co Rise

22.62 deg.

12.00

Common Run

H.A.P.

10.73 in.

22.62 deg.

67.38 deg.

22.62 de

12.1875

Plumb Cut

en t Plumb Cut

rem

g.

asu 12.1875 In

Me

e Minus 10.73 in.

Lin

= H.B.P. 1.457

12 in. O.H.

12 in. OH.

12 in. O.H.

12.1875

Plumb Cut

Plumb Cut

12.1875 In t

men

Minus 10.73 in.

easure

= H.B.P. 1.457 M

e

Lin

22.62

deg.

67.38 deg.

H.A.P.

22.62 deg.

10.73 in.

Page 29

Make a sketch to use for Calculat- With Tangent on Display, push

ing the Slope of the Hip to Match Inv. Or 2ndF and Tangent Key.

the 67.38 deg. Slope of the Com-

mons and Jacks. The Commons and 40.74 Deg. Should be on Display if

Jacks are cut square on the end. your Calculator is in Degree Mode.

This is the Saw setting for this

Use your Scientific Calculator. Put Problem.

67.38 deg. On display and push

Tangent key. Put 14.10 deg. On Display in your

2.39999 x 1.00 = 2.3999 Rise Calculator.

Push Tangent Key.

1 squared + 2.3999 squared = 0.251182638 should be on Display.

6.75952.

Square root of 6.75952 is 2.599. 0.251182638 X 12 =3.014191662.

Common Length .014191662 X 16 = 0.2/16

7.75948. 12 & 3 on a line parallel with your

Square Root of 7.75948 is 2.785. Rafter.

Hip Length

Mark 3 and you will have the lay-

The Tangent of 45 deg. Corner An- out for your Hip Rafter Tail

gle is 1.00.

divided by Tangent of Corner Angle

= the Tangent of saw setting for An-

gle of Cut.

Page 30

This is the END of the Hip Rafter Tail.

You are looking at it Upside Down.

The Level.

This Hip has been Beveled.

Page 31

17.

6

Hip 9

/Va

5.00 lley

Rise

16.416 deg.

16.97056275

Hip Run

H.A.P.

10.73 in.

16.416 deg.

59.49 deg.

Plumb Cut

16.416 deg.

11.73 in.

14

t

men

.10

easure H.B.P

M

de

.996 in.

Line

g.

Gives you a 12 in. O.H. Perpendicular to the wall.

Gives you a 12 in. O.H. Perpendicular to the wall.

t

14

men

sure

Plumb Cut

11.73 in.

16.416 deg

.1

H.B.P Mea

0

de

g.

59.49 deg.

H.A.P. 16.416 deg.

10.73 in.

Page 32

Notes

Page 33

Bow Window

Roof Framing

7 Panel

Page 34

7 Panels

degrees = the Sum of the Interior Angles.

Example: Visualize a Bow Window as being a Portion of a Gazebo

with 36 Sides.

(36 - 2) x 180 Degrees = 6120 Degrees (Sum of Interior Angles)

6120 Divides by 36 = 170 Degrees (Sum of Interior Angles at each

Corner.

Against their Respective Ledgers.

30 20 10

Panel 1 Panel 2 Panel 3 Panel 4

60 90

75

90

85

85

90 5

90

90 85

90 Corner

10 90

Offset Angle Angle

This Hip at the This Hip at the This Hip at the

Ledger Ledger Ledger

the Sine of that Angle will give you a Multiplier.

The Multiplier Times the Sine of each of the other Angles will give

you the Length of the Leg Opposite each Angle.

Page 35

1st. Panel of 7

r 16

th

ge Rise

Hip Leng

ed

20.0275

L

2

410

4

.8

28

Ledger Run 24

n R 12

20

un

.7 8

4

In c

hes mo

un

21 on

ip R

m

.8 3 Ce

Co

4P nte 8H

ane r

l

045

12.

1 .0

4

on 98 inc

Cen he

ter s

The Horizontal.

Push the 2nd F& Sine Key and 33.69047 degrees will

Be on Display.

Bevel of Ledger: Sine ( .554706123 ) divided Tangent of

Corner Angle (30 Deg. (.577350269) ) = .960779188.

With .960779188 on Display, Push 2nd F & Tangent Key.

43.854 Degrees is the Saw Setting for the Bevel of this

Ledger.

Use Framing Square: Mark 16 for Plumb & 24 for Seat Cut.

30

deg

. 25 deg.

60 deg.

90 - 30 = 60 deg. 90 - 65 = 25 deg.

Ledger Side cut at Eaves Side cut for Miter to Second Ledger.

Page 36

2nd. Panel of 7

Total Rise

25.28

89

22 .3 6

ger

Total H

ed

45

L Ledger Rise 9.28

1 9 .7

Partial Hip 11

347

4

275

gth 20.0

8

Bevel of Ledger: Sine of Ledger

l

Partia

Slope ( 0.414861705 ) Divided by 20

Degree Tangent .363970234 =

Hip Len

Key. 48.738 Degrees should be on

Display.

115 - 90 = 25

5

ength 20.027

20 70

6.9877 Hip Run

1 9 .7

5 347

4 5

un

8

Partial Hip L

l

Partia

on R

90

m

Com

85

12

58

1 9 .7

l

Partia

347

1 .0 4 4

98 i

n. O

n ce

nter Pan

el 2

1 .8 3 4

47

1 .0 4

98 i

Ledger side cuts n. O

n ce

25 nter

15

Use these Saw Settings to Join the Ledgers together after Plumb Cut is Marked using

Framing Square. Hold 20.35 & 9.28. Mark 9.28 Inches.

Page 37

3rd. Panel 4th. Panel

5 is Saw

Setting on this

End of this Ledger Ledger 17.954

1 9 .0 5 is Saw Setting

4.288

ngth

Rise

er Le On each End of

Ledg

Ledger Run 18.516 This Ledger.

25.28 Rise

25.28 Rise

18.516

.645

15 is also the

Hip Length 31

At the Ledger for this Hip. Bevel Ledger: 16/12 =

1.33. Push Inv. Tangent

Bevel Ledger: Sine of Ledger

Slope (.225684211) divided by 53.13 will be on Display.

10 deg. Tangent (.176326981) = The Saw Setting for Bevel

1.27991876) Push 2ndF & Tan. Of this Ledger if Bed of

Key (51.99 deg. Should be on Saw is placed on Wide Part

display. Use 38 Deg. & cut on Of Ledger.

Edge. 36.87 deg. Can

Be used if you Run your Saw

On the Narrow Edge of the

15 is Saw Material.

Setting on this

End of Ledger

85

10

90 85 95

5 Cosine x Hip Run

= Common Run 22.1765

x

Run 19.0 Hip 22.26129 5

33

Inches o 62189 = 1.6588

n Center

5 Sine x Hip

Run 22.26129

18.516 = 1.940 Inches

on Center

90 17.954

90 8585 90

90 85

21.834

4 Pane

l

21.8344 Panel

Page 38

Framing

Stair Winders

Page 39

36 inches

10"

36 deg.

18 deg.

36 inches

good starting point.

thway

10" Pa

81

9 9

3 1 .9

6"

Page 40

Outside Stringer:

55.96 X 18 deg. Tangent = 18.18 in.

18.18 = 22.47 in.

in.

1 8 .1 8

18 deg. Cut

7 in.

2 2 .4

36 deg.

1 in.

1 5 .3

6.48

36 deg 8 .0 4

5 5 .9

.

On Ris Cut

er 5 .4 3

6 in

.

18 deg. Cut

On Riser

6 in.

5 5 .9

Page 41

18 deg. Cut on Riser

6.94" Risers

36 deg. Cut

on this Riser

18.18"

here

22.47"

15.31"

6.94" Riser

6.94" Riser

55.96"

2 x 12 stringers

You can use your biscuit

joiner to add enough mate-

rial so you can Layout Risers

and Tread cut-out.

from bottom of Stringer.

Page 42

45 deg. Cut Optional. This is a

90 deg. Corner & can be cut

Square. Remember to deduct

the thickness of the material

from one side.

15.31"

18.18" 36 deg.

6.94" Riser

18 deg.

5.815" Bottom Riser

55.96"

Distance to either side of the Stringer will give you the Cut-

out for Tread.

ceding Tread will give you the Cut-out for the next Tread.

the Point where the Two Stringers meet.

Page 43

Multiple Pitch

Roofs

Line for Commons , Hips & Valleys

Reducing the Rise to One Unit.

its own Rise.

Page 44

Multiple Pitch

16/12 House

9/12 Dormer

Rise

Ra /16 =

16/16=

20

fte

1.0

r 1 .2 5

6 Rise Rise 1.0

r 66

fte = 1. 9/9 = 1.0 66

Ra

a .6

R /9

fte

r1

.13

15 fte

r 1

36

53

Ra

.86

.2 5

Common Run 12/9 = Common Run Common Run Common Run 12/16 =

1.333 1.333 .75 .75

Valley Slope

1 .8

27

6R

Rise 1.0 aft

er

33.17

1.529 Run

Meas

urem

ent L

ine

er

aft

H.A.P

o f lley R d H.B .

n a r .P.

Ru jor V Boa

a e

M Rid ouse

g

To the H

Of

Rise

1.0 Rise

1.0

Dorm Act

u

1.333 er Run Rid al Run

ge B

Va 5 2 9

143 to

.25 oard

1.

lle 7

Rise

1 .2 5 o n

inch

yR

1.0

Comm

es

un

Dorm

er Run Run

Do r S 1.333 .7 5

mer cale Dorm

Spa er Ru

n 2. n 1.3

666 33

Page 45

Dormer Slope House Slope

Rise

Ra /16 =

20

16/16=

fte

r 1 .2 5

1.0

6 Rise

r 66

afte = 1. 9/9

R /9

.13

= 1.0

15

36

53

.8

6

Valley Slope

1 .8

27

66 6R

Ra

fte

r 1

f

Ra

.2 5

33.17

Common Run Common Run 1.529 Run

1.333 .75

2.666 Units of Dormer Span, You will Use Up .75 Units of

House Run and 1.529 Units of the Major Valley Run.

by (Span 2.666) of the Scale = The Multiplier.

the Actual Measurements on the Building.

Calculated Separately.

Page 46

Ridg

Meas e Bo

urem ard

ent L

ine

r H.A.P

Rafte H.B .

f y

n o alle rd .P.

Ru jor V Boa

Ma Ridge ouse

To the H

Of D orm

Va 1.333 er Run

Rise

lley

1.0

Rise

1

.75

.8 2

1.0 Act

76

u

on Rid al Run

1.25 ge B

Va 5 2 9

to

Comm

143

.25 oard

1.

lle 7

Rise

inch

yR

1.0 Co es

mm

un

Dorm on

60.64

er Ra

Run er ft Run

1.33 1.6 .7 5

Do r 3

Scal Dor 66

mer e mer

Spa Run

n 2. 1.333

666

Multiplier

191 x 1.8276 = 349.07" Length of Major Valley Rafter.

16 1.33 = 12.03 The Multiplier.

12.03 x 1.25 = 15.03"

16 .75 = 21.33 The Multiplier.

21.33 x 1.66 = 35.55"

Page 47

Notes

Page 48

Notes

Page 49

Concave Roof

Framing

Rise 48"

16/12 Pitch

H.A.P.

H.B.P

"

20

t

en

ne em

"

Li asur

20

e

rM

fte

Nails

Ra

"

20

Run: 36"

Adjust to

the size of

Fascia.

"

Common Rafter

20

2 x 12

12" o.h.

H.A.P.

18.75 11.42 inches

Plumb cut

Common Rafter 5 inch seat cut

H.B.P.

7.33 inches

Page 50

Concave Roof

Framing

Rise 48"

H.A.P.

Hip Rafters

2 x 12

H.B.P

3"

. 32

23

3"

. 32

23

Nails

"

3 23

2 3. Run 50.91"

3"

. 32

23

Adjust to the size of Fascia

The Measurement Line on all of them.

Then Lay Out the Curve.

From the Measurement Line on all the Rafters

Must be the Same

So The Backs of the Rafters will be at the Same

Elevation for a given Point.

Page 51

Notes

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