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IAETSD JOURNAL FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN APPLIED SCIENCES, VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JULY /2017

ISSN (ONLINE): 2394-8442

STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL WITH BRICK DUST


AND LIME
ASHISH KUMAR [1], Dr S.S.GUPTA [2]
[1]
M.Tech Student, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Technology
[2]
Professor and Head of Civil Engineering Department, College of Technology
[1, 2]
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture &Technology, Pantnagar -263145
ashishbaweja1991@gmail.com

ABSTRACT.

Soil strength development involves the process of improving geotechnical properties of soil. An attempt
has been made to stabilize the expansive soil with brick dust and lime. By conducting laboratory tests the
geotechnical properties of soil and soil mixed with different proportions of brick dust and lime were determined.

Keywords: Brick dust, Expansive soil

I. INTRODUCTION
Presence of expansive soil at a construction site is a major concern for geotechnical engineers. Expansive soil can be stabilized by either compaction
or by adding some stabilizing agents to the soil. In present study brick dust and lime is considered an additive mixed to the soil for improving
geotechnical properties of soil. Optimum percentage of combination of brick dust and lime has been obtained after series of laboratory
experiment.

II. TESTING PROGRAMME


The overall testing program will be conducted in two phases. In the first phase, the geotechnical properties of soil samples will be studied by
conducting grain size analysis; consistency limits test, specific gravity test, compaction test, California bearing ratio test and unconfined
compression strength test. In the second phase, the soil mixed with different proportions of brick dust and lime and the geotechnical properties of
soil mixed with brick dust and lime will be determined. Table 1 shows the detailed experimental program.

Table 1: Experimental program

S. No. Sample Tests conducted No. of tests


1. Soil Grain size analysis 1
Atterberg limit 1
Specific gravity 1
Standard proctor test 1
California bearing ratio test 1
Unconfined compression strength test 1

2. Soil+10%BD+4%Lime Standard proctor test 1


Soil+10%BD+8%Lime California bearing ratio test 1
Soil+10%BD+12%Lime Unconfined compression strength test 1

3. Soil+20%BD+4%Lime Standard proctor test 1


Soil+20%BD+8%Lime California bearing ratio test 1
Soil+20%BD+12%Lime Unconfined compression strength test 1
4. Soil+30%BD+4%Lime Standard proctor test 1
Soil+30%BD+8%Lime California bearing ratio test 1
Soil+30%BD+12%Lime Unconfined compression strength test 1

To Cite This Article: ASHISH KUMAR AND Dr S.S.GUPTA,. STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL WITH
BRICK DUST AND LIME. Journal for Advanced Research in Applied Sciences ;Pages: 83-86
84. ASHISH KUMAR AND Dr S.S.GUPTA,. STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL WITH BRICK DUST AND
LIME. Journal for Advanced Research in Applied Sciences; Pages: 83-86

III. TESTING TECHNIQUE

Standard Proctor test

The standard proctor test is used to determine optimum moisture content and maximum dry density of soil. In this test soil mixed with
initial water content is filled in mould in three layers and each layer is compacted by 25 numbers of blows from a hammer of mass 2.6 kg which
fall from a height of 310 mm. The dry density of soil is determined and process is repeated with increased water content on compacted soil. The
curve is plotted between dry density and water content to find out optimum moisture content and maximum dry density.

California Bearing Ratio Test

In this test a displacer disc was inserted over base of mould and filter paper was put on its top. The soil mass having each layer compacted at
OMC by given 56 blows of 2.6 Kg rammer at a height of 310 mm. After filling, the mould was turned upside down and the displacer disc was
removed then a surcharge weight of 2.5 kg was added and the mould was taken to the CBR machine. The stress and strain dial gauges were set
to zero and seating load of 4 to 5 kg was given. The standard plunger pushed into the soil at the rate of 1.25 mm/min penetration to performed
CBR test. The load value at 2.5 mm and 5.0 mm penetration are recorded. In order to get readings of soaked sample mould was placed in water
for 4 days and the observations were recorded as explained above.

Unconfined Compressive Strength Test

The unconfined compressive strength test is one of the quickest tests used for the determination of the shear strength of cohesive soils. It is a
special case of triaxial compression test in which confining pressure is zero. In this test the soil sample is subjected to major principal stress till
the sample fails either by shearing on an inclined plane or by bulging.

IV. RESULTS
Fig. 1 shows typical plot for grain size distribution of test soil samples and Table-2 shows the data of laboratory test on soil and soil mixed with
brick dust and lime

Grain size distribution curve for soil


120

100
Percentage Finer (%)

80

60

40

20

0
0.001 0.01 0.1 1
Particle Size (mm)

Fig.1: Grain size distribution curve of soil

From this plot, percentage particle sizes are as under:

Clay- 17.50%
Silt- 59.00%
Sand - 23.50%
85. ASHISH KUMAR AND Dr S.S.GUPTA,. STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL WITH BRICK DUST AND
LIME. Journal for Advanced Research in Applied Sciences; Pages: 83-86

V. CONCLUSIONS
The following conclusions can be drawn from the test results of present study:

1. With increase of Lime in soil mixed with brick dust maximum dry density (MDD) decreases and the optimum moisture contents (OMC)
increases.
2. The maximum value of CBR for unsoaked and soaked condition found 11.30% and 5.84% respectively.
3. The maximum unconfined compressive strength obtain value at 30% Brick dust and 8% Lime mixed to soil.
4. The optimum quantity of Soil: Brick dust: Lime as 62% : 30% : 8% can yield the best possible results for modification of geotechnical
properties of expansive soil.

REFERENCES
JOURNALS

1. Sachin N. Bhavsar, Hiral B. Joshi, Priyanka k. Shrof, Ankit J. Patel (2014) Effect of Burnt Brick Dust on Engineering Properties On
Expansive Soil, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308, Volume:
03 Issue: 04.

2. Emmanuel (2008). Engineering properties of locally manufactured burnt brick pavers for Agarian and rural earth roads, American
Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. No. 10, p. 1348 1351.

3. Amruta A. Badge, Lobhesh N. Muley, Kunal R. Raul (2015) Quality Assessment for Stabilization of Black Cotton Soil by Using
Lime, International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology, ISSN 2319 1058, Vol: 5, Issue 2, page no 49-53.
86. ASHISH KUMAR AND Dr S.S.GUPTA,. STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL WITH BRICK DUST AND
LIME. Journal for Advanced Research in Applied Sciences; Pages: 83-86

4. Joshi, S K, Dudanin (2008)Environmental health effects of brick kilns, Katmandu University Medical Journal , Vol. 6, No. 1, Issue
21, pp. 3-11. Sameer Maithel (2013) A Report Prepared for the SAARC Energy Centre, Islamabad.
5. K. A. Kassim (2009) The Nanostructure Study on the Mechanism of Lime Stabilised Soil, Department of Geotechnics and
Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Research Vol No: 78011.

6. S.Diamond and E.B.Kinter (1965) Mechanisms of Lime Stabilization, Highway Research Record, 92, p.83.

CONFERENCE

1. Jayesh Pitroda, Rajiv Bhatt, Indrajit Patel, Dr. F. S. Umrigar 2010. Techno economical study of FAL-G bricks, National
Conference on Fly Ash/Futuristic Materials in Civil Engineering Construction For Sustainable Development.