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Allow us to develop and use our human qualities, intelligence, talents and

includes some digests, the

conscience, and to satisfy our spiritual and other needs.

Supreme, inherent, and inalienable rights to life, dignity, and self-development.
The essence of these rights makes man human.
1. Association of small Landowners in the Philippines, Inc. v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, (SCRA
343 (1989)
2. Petitioner Luz Farms is a corporation engaged in livestock and poultry
business. It seeks to nullify Sec. 3 (b) and Sec. 11 of RA 6657 in so far as
they apply to livestock and poultry business.
3. Gabriel v. Pangilinan, 58 SCRA 590 (1974)
4. Carag vs CA, 151 SCRA 44 (1987)

administrative bodies must be in harmony with the provisions of theConstitution. They cannot amend or
extend the Constitution. To be valid, they must conform toand be consistent with the Constitution. In
case of conflict between an administrative order andthe provisions of the The assailed A.O. of petitioner
DAR wasproperly stricken down as unconstitutional as it enlarges the coverage of agrarian reform
beyondthe scope intended by the 1987 Constitution.

5. Constitution, the latter prevails.

6. Luz Farms v. Secretary of Agrarian Reforms, 192 SCRA 51 (1990)
7. Natalia Realty, Inc. v. DAR, 225 SCRA 278 (1993)

When the program was terminated, a case was filed by the participants of the
"KilusangSarilingSikap" for declaration of status as tenants under the CARP. In
its resolution, DARAB
Central Mindanao
it is safe to presume that the employer terminated the seafarers. In addition, the telex message relied
upon by the Labor Arbiter and NLRC bore conflicting dates of 22 January 1998 and 22 January 1999,
giving doubt to the veracity and authenticity
Challenged in the Petition for Certiorari 1 before us is the June 20, 1995 Decision 2 of the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC), 3 which affirmed the August, 22 1994 ruling of Labor Arbiter
Cornelio L. Linsangan. The labor arbiters Decision disposed as follows: 4

The subject is agricultural land;

The CA however reversed the LAs and the NLRCs decision. The Court deemed the telex message as a
self-serving document that does not satisfy the requirement of substantial evidence, or that amount of
relevant evidence which a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to justify the conclusion that
petitioners indeed voluntarily demanded their immediate repatriation.
the university in carrying out its present educational program with its present
student population and academic faculty" overlooked the very significant factor
of growth of the university
Subject matter of the case consists of two (2) parcels of land acquired by
respondents' predecessors-in-interest through homestead patent under the
provisions of CA 141. Respondents wanted to personally cultivate these lands,
but the petitioners refused to vacate, relying on the provisions of PD 27 and PD
316 and
contravenes the Constitution. The A.O. sought to regulatelivestock farms by including them in the
coverage of agrarian
4) the purpose is agricultural production; (5) there is personal cultivation; and (6) there is sharing of
the harvest. The absence of one element does not make an occupant of a parcel of land, its cultivator
or planter, a
de jure
tenant. From our own assessment of the evidence at hand, we find that petitioner failed to establish
theexistence of a tena
A c a s e i n v o l v i n g a n agricultural land does notautomatic
ally make such case anagrarian dispute upon which
theDARAB has
Skippers appeals the case with the Supreme Court.

In April 1980, Mr. Illustrisimo, and others filed a complaint against the Tiangcos
for (1) nonpayment of legal holiday pay, (2) service incentive leave pay, as well as
(3) underpayment of emergency cost-of-living allowances, [ECOLA] which used to
be paid in full irrespective of their work days.

arrival at the fishing port, petitioners were told by )orge deG !man, president of private respondent, to
proceed to the police station at $amaligan,$amarines S r, for investigation on the report that they sold
some of their fish-catch at midseato the pre? dice of private respondent% Petitioners denied the
charge claiming

<elieving that private respondent did not s fficientl% Identif% the land in " estion b% reason of itsfail re to s bmit
the original tracing cloth plan thereof and that private respondent wasdis" alified from holding, e+cept b% lease,
alienable lands of the p blic domain nder *ection11

PEA may reclaim these submerged areas. Thereafter, the government can classify the reclaimed lands as
alienable or disposable, and further declare them no longer needed for public service. Still, the transfer
of such reclaimed alienable lands of the public
their own customers whom they charge a fee and divide the proceeds equally with the owner.

Articles 1-40 of the Labor Code

- Article 13, Section 3 of the 1987 Constitution
- Article 1700 of the New Civil Code
- Executive Order 247
- Republic Act 8042
- Rules and Regulations of the POEA
- Department Order 75-06

The elements of jurisdiction of a trial court over the subject matter in a criminal case are:

a. The nature of the offense and/or penalty attached thereto; and

b. The fact that the offense has been committed within the territorial jurisdiction of the court

. Accusatorial. The accusation is exercised by every citizen or by a member of the group to which the
injured party belongs.

As the action is a combat between the parties, the supposed offender has the right to be confronted by his

The battle in the form of a public trial is judged by a magistrate who renders the verdict.

A be able charter

Hornbooks are collected to support the law school curriculum. Additionally, .... materials. Collections
strengths in international law include International Human Rights

Human Rights by Petralba - Chapter 5

The Revised Rules of Criminal Procedure were annotated with pertinent provisions of the 1987
Philippine Constitution, legislations, jurisprudence and issuances by the Supreme Court, administrative
issuances of the Department of Justice, and opinions of legal luminaries.

The lay-out of this edition was slightly modified and its contents were updated, though the updates of
this Smashwords edition print documents for offline reading.