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Compendium
Current General Studies (CGS)
Questions and Answers
Published in
Target 2013
Mains Programme
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
(June-2013 to December 2013)

Module Code: 2014-CGS-0

www.gktoday.in

Last Updated: December 2013

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Contents
Broadcasting Reforms in India ...................................................................................................................................................................11
Q 1. "Public broadcasting, unlike private broadcasting, must primarily be designed to cater
to the citizen, not only the consumer". Discuss suggesting broadcasting reforms India
should contemplate with special reference to Prasar Bharti. ........................................................................... 12
Cable TV Digitization ............................................... 12
Q 2. What is Cable TV Digitization? Discuss its implications on consumers, industry and
Government. .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Radio in India .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Q 3. What is Amateur Radio? How it is regulated in India? Discuss its utility for the Society?
14
Q 4. Discuss the Government Policy towards Community Radio in India. .............................................. 15
Q 5. How the Community Radio can be helpful for remote village populations of India?
Discuss various challenges of Community Radio. ....................................................................................................... 17
Paid News ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 18
Q 6. What is Paid News? What are the Reasons of rise of Paid news? Discuss the
recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee to tackle the menace of Paid news. .......... 18
Q 7. To what extent the Election commission of India has been able to curb the menace of
Paid News? Discuss. ............................................................................................................................................................................ 20
Advertising Standards Council of India .............................................................................................................................................. 21
Q 8. Discuss the functions of Advertising Council of India ............................................................................... 21
Vulture Funds ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 21
Q 9. What are the Vulture Funds?
Member Do you
Name: Ghanisht think
Member's Vulture
Email address: Funds should
ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 be promoted in India?
Discuss giving reference to the Vulture Funds elsewhere in the world. ................................................. 21
Comptroller and Auditor General of India ...................................................................................................................................... 23
Q 10. "The job of CAG is to merely look at compliance of systems and not to question the
policy". Do you agree with this view? Substantiate your answer. ................................................................ 23
Critical Analysis of the Whistleblowers Protection Bill ...................................................................................................... 24
Q 11. "There are several lacunae in the Whistleblowers Protection Bill that need to be
discussed and addressed." Discuss......................................................................................................................................... 24
Demilitarising the Cyberspace ................................................................................................................................................................ 25
Q 12. "There is an urgent need of a cyber treaty that demilitarises cyberspace." Discuss. .... 25
Critical Analysis of Indias Observer Status in the Arctic Council ................................................................................ 26
Q 13. Discuss the geo-economic significance of the Arctic Council. What are the implications
of the recent admission of India as an observer to the Arctic Council? ................................................... 26
The Prime Minister should be from Lok Sabha Opinions .................................................................................................. 27
Q 14. "The Prime Minister should be a member of the directly elected House." Do you agree
with this view? Substantiate your answer. ....................................................................................................................... 27
The Guantanamo Bay ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Q 15. Why the US prison at Guantanamo Bay is in news frequently? Why the US
Administration has been so far unable to shut it down? ....................................................................................... 28
India-Japan Partnership ................................................................................................................................................................................ 29
Q 16. Recent economic and geopolitical circumstances make India a critical global partner
for Japan. Discuss. ................................................................................................................................................................................ 29
Problems of Current Account Deficit .................................................................................................................................................30
Q 17. The problems with India's Current Account deficit go far beyond just Gold and slow
global growth. Comment. ...............................................................................................................................................................30
NTRO ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 31

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 18. In what circumstances, NTRO was conceived? Do you think it has been successful in
achieving its objectives? Evaluate. ......................................................................................................................................... 31
Indias Electricity Diplomacy with Bangladesh........................................................................................................................... 32
Q 19. Briefly comment on Indias Electricity Diplomacy with Bangladesh............................................. 32
Proposed Coal Banking System ............................................................................................................................................................... 33
Q 20. Critically discuss the proposed Coal Banking System. .............................................................................. 33
Mental Health Care Bill 2012 ..................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Q 21. Critically analyse the salient features of the Mental Health Care Bill 2012. .......................... 34
Narayana Murthy Committee on Higher Education .................................................................................................................. 35
Q 22. Discuss the key recommendations of Narayana Murthy Committee on Higher
Education. .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 35
India-Thailand-Myanmar trilateral highway ................................................................................................................................. 36
Q 23. Write a short note on: India-Thailand-Myanmar trilateral highway. ............................................. 36
cDNA ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Q 24. What is cDNA? Why it was source of concerns in recent times? ..................................................... 37
Analysis: BCCI under RTI .............................................................................................................................................................................. 38
Q 25. BCCI should be made an autonomous legal entity, and brought under Right to
Information Act. Discuss. .............................................................................................................................................................. 38
Islamic Banking.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 39
Q 26. What is Islamic Banking? Why Islamic Banking is not permitted in India? ................................. 39
Contribution of Justice JS Verma to Indian Judiciary ............................................................................................................ 39
Q 27. Discuss some of the key judgements which made Justice JS Verma to be known as
the face of judicial activism in India. ................................................................................................................................ 39
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Analysis: Globalization and Eclipse of Nation State................................................................................................................. 41


Q 28. "Globalization has led to an eclipse of the nation state". Do you agree with this view?
Discuss............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 41
The Middle Income Trap ............................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Q 29. What is the so called Middle Income Trap? Discuss its causes and implications with
emphasize on Indian Economy. .................................................................................................................................................. 42
25 Years of SEBI................................................................................................................................................................................................... 43
Q 30. Assess the performance of SEBI in 25 Years of its existence. ............................................................ 43
Indias Free Trade Agreements............................................................................................................................................................... 45
Q 31. List the countries with which India has entered into FTAs / CECAs. Critically evaluate
the impact of these bilateral agreements on India's Economy. ...................................................................... 45
Cooperatives and Inclusive Growth .................................................................................................................................................... 46
Q 32. Cooperatives should be promoted for Inclusive Growth. Comment. ........................................ 46
Vodafone Tax Dispute and UNICITRAL Arbitration................................................................................................................... 46
Q 33. Briefly discuss the tax dispute between the Vodafone group and the Indian income tax
(IT) authorities. Why Vodafone is demanding UNCITRAL Arbitration? Discuss Government of
Indias stand on the matter. ........................................................................................................................................................... 46
Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 52
Q 34. Discuss the extent of disease burden due to Indoor air pollution (IAP) in India. Suggest
remedies. ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52
Abenomics and Japans Economy ......................................................................................................................................................... 53
Q 35. What is Abenomics? How will it reinvigorate Japan's economy? Discuss its implications
for the global economy. .................................................................................................................................................................. 53
Cool Japan Campaign...................................................................................................................................................................................... 54

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 36. Discuss the salient features of the Cool Japan campaign. Do you think it is successful
in projecting Japan as a Soft Global Power? Discuss. .............................................................................................. 54
Prism Programme and NCCC....................................................................................................................................................................... 56
Q 37. What do you understand about the so called Prism Programme? Discuss various
concerns and issues arising out of this programme. ................................................................................................ 56
The National Cyber Security Policy (NSCP) 2013 ........................................................................................................................ 60
Q 38. Critically discuss the Salient Features of NSCP 2013. ................................................................................ 60
Indian Rupee Slide .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 61
Q 39. What is depreciation of Rupee? How it is different from Devaluation? ...................................... 61
Q 40. Discuss the causes of the steep fall in Indian Rupee in recent times........................................... 62
Q 41. Discuss the negative and positive impacts of falling rupee on Indian Economy. ............... 63
Q 42. Discuss measures taken by the government to stem rupee slide in recent times. ........... 64
Q 43. Why government has so far failed to arrest fall of Rupee? ................................................................ 65
Trends in Indias Macroeconomy ...........................................................................................................................................................66
Q 44. "Macro-economy is threatened because of the global risks and very short-sighted
approach of our policy-makers to those risks". Comment in the light of recently reported
data. 66
Liberalization: The Structural Changes in Indian Economy................................................................................................ 67
Q 45. Critically discus the structural changes in the Indian economy after Liberalization. . 67
The Mega Steel Plants Proposal ............................................................................................................................................................. 68
Q 46. What are the proposed ultra mega steel plants (UMSP)? Do you think that idea of ultra
mega steel plants is feasible in current circumstances? Substantiate your views......................... 68
RBIs intervention in the Forex Markets
Member Name: ...........................................................................................................................................
Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 69
Q 47. "In India, the RBI does not target any exchange rate. RBI intervenes in the foreign
exchange market only to manage the volatility and to manage the disruption to the macro
economic situation". Discuss. ......................................................................................................................................................69
Recent Future plans of ISRO ......................................................................................................................................................................70
Q 48. Elaborate your views on the future frontiers of India's Space Programme. ........................... 70
SCNT and Mitochondria Replacement Technique ....................................................................................................................... 71
Q 49. In recent times, Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) method and mitochondria
replacement technique have faced much resistance on ethical grounds. Comment. .................... 71
Reverse Vaccines .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 72
Q 50. What are "Reverse Vaccines"? Discuss their importance in Medical science. ....................... 72
Israel Palestine Peace Issue ...................................................................................................................................................................... 73
Q 51. What are the major issues in Israel-Palestine Peace making? Explain........................................ 73
Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) ............................................................................................................................................. 73
Q 52. The Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has huge potential for transforming rural
sanitation". Comment. ........................................................................................................................................................................ 73
Governance and Administration- Disbanding of DRDA......................................................................................................... 75
Q 53. What are DRDAs? In what circumstances, have they been disbanded? ...................................... 75
National Food Security Bill ......................................................................................................................................................................... 75
Q 54. What is Food security? Differentiate between chronic and transitory food insecurities.
75
Q 55. Discuss the Salient Provisions of the National Food Security Bill 2013. ...................................... 83
Q 56. What are the different concerns of various sections of the society with reference to
the Food Security Bill? Suggest measures for its effective implementation....................................... 86
Economy and Policy: Public Procurement and CCI ................................................................................................................... 88
Q 57. Public Procurement is detrimental to Competition Environment in India. Discuss. ............ 88

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Disinvestment in NLC ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 89


Q 58. What are the various issues relating to disinvestment in Neyveli Lignite Corp (NLC). ... 89
Role of Services in Indias Economic Growth .............................................................................................................................. 90
Q 59. India's Economic Growth is services-led growth. Comment. .............................................................. 90
Indian Polity Appointments in Higher Judiciary ......................................................................................................................91
Q 60. The collegium system of Judicial Appointments is opaque, fallacious and ethically
compromised. Do you think that Collegium System should be scrapped? Analyse. ...................... 91
The Judicial Appointments Commission Bill.................................................................................................................................. 94
Q 61. Discuss the salient features of Judicial Appointments Commission Bill. ................................... 94
Legacy of the Telegram............................................................................................................................................................................... 95
Q 62. Discuss the role of Telegram in India's Freedom Struggle. .................................................................. 95
International Affairs: The Relevance of G-X Model................................................................................................................96
Q 63. "G-x model will be the future of multilateral cooperation". Discuss. ..........................................96
The Arctic as a Global Commons ............................................................................................................................................................ 98
Q 64. "The Arctic deserves to be treated as a global common and a common heritage of
mankind." Discuss.................................................................................................................................................................................. 98
The Concept of Strategic Partnership ................................................................................................................................................99
Q 65. What do you mean by "strategic partnership"? Give an overview of India's strategic
partnerships with four countries. .............................................................................................................................................99
India Asean Relations: The Issue of FTA in Services............................................................................................................. 101
Q 66. Describe India's engagement with ASEAN on Geopolitical and economic fronts. Why
India is pushing for an FTA in services with ASEAN? Discuss. ......................................................................... 101
Q 67. Write a short note: India's trade with CLMV countries ............................................................................103
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

BRICS Consensus & CRA ...............................................................................................................................................................................103


Q 68. Discuss the salient features of the eThekwini Declaration. What is the so called BRICS
Consensus? ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 104
Q 69. What is BRICs Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)? What is its objective?................ 105
SAFTA: Current Position & Issues ........................................................................................................................................................ 105
Q 70. Discuss the role of SAFTA in regional trade cooperation. What are the issues & hurdles
for its full Operationalisation? ................................................................................................................................................ 105
IMF QUOTA Reforms...................................................................................................................................................................................... 106
Q 71. In recent times, quota reforms of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have been a
key agenda of the G-20. What are these quota reforms? ................................................................................. 106
Africa - Abyei Region Conflict...............................................................................................................................................................107
Q 72. The wrangle over Abyei is one of the main unresolved disputes following the 2005
peace agreement between Sudan and South Sudan. Discuss the recent steps taken to solve
this dispute. ..............................................................................................................................................................................................107
Africa - Casamance Conflict................................................................................................................................................................... 108
Q 73. Write a short note on Casamance Conflict. ..................................................................................................... 108
Conflicts in DRC and M-23 Movement ............................................................................................................................................. 109
Q 74. Write short notes on North Kivu Conflict and M23 Movement. ....................................................... 109
Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions ...................................................................................................................... 110
Q 75. List any six Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions. How Antarctica was
divided into 15 Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions? ................................................................. 110
India Africa Economic Relations: Key Topics................................................................................................................................111
Q 76. What are the major constraints to trade and investment between India and Africa? ..... 111
Q 77. What is TEAM9 in context with India-Africa Relations .......................................................................... 111

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Arab Spring: Has it failed? .......................................................................................................................................................................... 112


Q 78. Do you agree with the view that the Arab spring has failed in attaining stable,
peaceful democracies in Middle East? Substantiate your answer. .............................................................. 112
Pivot to Asia .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113
Q 79. What is the so called "Pivot to Asia" strategy? Do you think that recent hiccups in
implementing such strategy will have any serious implications for India? Discuss...................... 113
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)................................................................................................................................................... 115
Q 80. What is the Trans-Pacific Partnership? What are its objectives? .................................................... 115
Transfer Pricing and Rangachary Committee Recommendations................................................................................116
Q 81. What do you mean by Tax Avoidance? What are various methods of Tax Avoidance?
116
Q 82. Why the transfer pricing issue has assumed significance in recent years? Discuss
various steps taken by the government to tackle this problem throwing light on recently
released Safe Harbor Rules. ........................................................................................................................................................ 117
Agents of Bioterrorism.................................................................................................................................................................................119
Q 83. What is Bioterrorism problem? What are different agents of Bio-terrorism? ...................... 119
Industrial Security / SCADA Hacking ................................................................................................................................................ 120
Q 84. In recent years, there have been increasing numbers of hacking incidents against
ICS/SCADA. Discuss their implications. .............................................................................................................................. 120
SCO and Indias Interest in RATS ............................................................................................................................................................ 121
Q 85. In an effort to step up its membership in SCO, India is particularly interested in its
RATS Mechanism. Discuss. .......................................................................................................................................................... 122
Connect Central Asia Policy ....................................................................................................................................................................
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 122
Q 86. Critically discuss Indias interests and challenges in Central Asia. What are the
important steps India has envisaged in its newly launched Connect Central Asia Policy to
overcome those challenges and fulfil those interests? ..................................................................................... 122
Fatah & Hamas .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124
Q 87. Compare Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas. .......................................................................................... 124
India and Palestine Cause .......................................................................................................................................................................... 124
Q 88. Comment on Indias stand on Palestine cause. .............................................................................................. 124
Kurdistan Workers Party ............................................................................................................................................................................ 125
Q 89. Where is Kurdistan? What do you know about Turkeys Kurdish challenge? ....................... 125
Boko Haram .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 126
Q 90. "Over the past few years, Boko Haram has devastated Northern Nigeria." Discuss. ...... 126
Lotikipi aquifer................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127
Q 91. Discuss the implications of the recent discovery of Lotikipi aquifer on the country
where it has been found. .............................................................................................................................................................. 127
Current Trends in Somalian Piracy...................................................................................................................................................... 128
Q 92. What are the operational issues in eradicating the menace of Somalian piracy
completely? ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 128
Indias stand on ARMS TRADE TREATY (ATT) ...............................................................................................................................130
Q 93. Elaborate Indias stand on the Arms Trade Treaty. ....................................................................................130
Caspian Littoral States in World Energy ........................................................................................................................................130
Q 94. Differentiate between the Central Asian Republics and Caspian Littoral States. .............130
Q 95. In recent times, Central Asia has become worlds most sought after real estate thanks
to Caspian Basin. Discuss giving various issues. ....................................................................................................... 131
M. Damodaran Panel on reforming the Regulatory Environment for Doing Business ................................. 131

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 96. Objectively discuss the salient recommendations of the M Damodaran Panel on


reforming the Regulatory Environment for doing Business in India. ......................................................... 131
Agriculture - Importance of Guargum in Indian Exports.................................................................................................... 133
Q 97. What is Guar Gum? Discuss its role in India's Agriculture Exports. Why there has been a
surge in demand for Guar gum? .............................................................................................................................................. 133
Indian Polity: The Implications of NOTA Option ........................................................................................................................ 133
Q 98. Discuss the various implications of the NOTA option in electoral process. Do you think
right to reject is feasible in India? Substantiate your answer. ....................................................................... 133
Analysis : T-TIP Negotiations.................................................................................................................................................................. 135
Q 99. Present a critical overview of the recently launched T-TIP negotiations. ............................ 135
US Taper.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 136
Q 100. What do you understand by the Quantitative Easing? Why the recent rumors about
US Taper were creating concerns in India? .................................................................................................................... 136
Land Reforms - Torrens Titling System .......................................................................................................................................... 137
Q 101. Property titling is one of the key issues in land reforms in India. To what extent,
Torrens Titling System may help to address this issue? Discuss giving the salient features of
this system. .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 137
Pressure Groups: Business Activism ................................................................................................................................................. 139
Q 102. Critically examine the extent and impacts of "business activism" by various
business chambers towards social issues in India.................................................................................................... 139
Issues in India Russia Nuclear Cooperation............................................................................................................................... 139
Q 103. Throw light on the major issues impending the India-Russia nuclear relations. ...... 139
Four Levels of Endangered Languages
Member Name: Ghanisht .........................................................................................................................................
Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 140
Q 104. Write a note on the UNESCOs four levels endangerment in languages. ...................... 140
Disaster Management Cyclone Phailin....................................................................................................................................... 140
Q 105. Critically assess the efforts to mitigate the impact of Cyclone Phailin. What
contribution was made by the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project in mitigation of this
disaster? 140
Economy and Policy: Aadhaar and Recent SC Verdict ......................................................................................................... 142
Q 106. Aadhar promises to become the first ladder of social and economic
empowerment. Discuss. ............................................................................................................................................................... 142
Q 107. Aadhar is an instrument of inclusion and not exclusion. Discuss in the light of
recent SC verdict on the same. ................................................................................................................................................ 142
Indian Polity: Regulation of Political Parties in India ............................................................................................................ 144
Q 108. "There is an urgent need to enact a law to regulate the political parties in India."
Discuss. 144
Trends in Indian Rupee ................................................................................................................................................................................ 145
Q 109. Discuss the trends in Indian Rupee during the months of May- October 2013. What
were the factors that were underpinning such trends? Discuss. ................................................................. 145
Indian Polity: Electoral Trusts................................................................................................................................................................ 146
Q 110. What do you mean by an Electoral Trust? What are its objectives? ........................................... 146
WTO Doha Round and Bali Ministerial Meet, December 2013......................................................................................... 147
Q 111. What are the various issues that led the Doha Round of trade negotiations get stalled?
Discuss what should be the agenda of the upcoming Bali Ministerial Meet in December 2013
throwing light on India's stand. ................................................................................................................................................ 147
Indian Polity: Residuary Powers .......................................................................................................................................................... 150

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 112. What are the residuary powers of legislations of Parliament? Do you think that
residual powers should be vested in States? Discuss throwing light on recommendations of
Sarkaria Commission in this context. .................................................................................................................................. 150
Plan and Non-Plan Expenditures.......................................................................................................................................................... 152
Q 113. Differentiate the planed and non-planned expenditures. Do you think that the
distinction between Planned and non-planned expenditure should be abolished? ........... 152
The issue of Parallel Economy .............................................................................................................................................................. 153
Q 114. Comment on the reasons and economic costs of Parallel Economy in India. ....................... 153
Indias Efforts in Deep Sea Exploration .......................................................................................................................................... 154
Q 115. Discuss the achievements and future plans of India in Deep Sea Exploration ................... 154
Mountain Strike Corps................................................................................................................................................................................... 155
Q 116. Give an overview of Indias decision to raise the new mountain strike corps and
independent armored brigades on Indo-China Border. ........................................................................................ 155
Indian Society- Child Marriage UNHRC Resolution on Child Marriages ............................................................... 155
Q 117. Do you think that failing to co-sponsor the U.N. Human Rights Council resolution
against the practice of child, early and forced marriages, Indian government has allowed
the rights of young girls and women to be trampled? Discuss. .................................................................... 155
Education RUSA ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 156
Q 118. Discuss the Key features & Objectives of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).
156
National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility ........................................................................................................ 157
Q 119. Discuss the salient features of National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility.
157 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Companies Act 2013 Various Aspects of CSR Provisions ............................................................................................... 158


Q 120. To what extent the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 make provisions to
integrate the interest of the businesses with that of the communities in which they operate?
Discuss. 158
Reverse Mortgage .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 159
Q 121. Differentiate between mortgage and reverse mortgage. Do you think that the latest
changes effected by the government make reverse mortgage an eminently desirable
option? Discuss. .................................................................................................................................................................................... 159
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REIT) ............................................................................................................................................... 160
Q 122.What do you understand by the real estate investment trusts (REIT)? Discuss the
implications of the recent SEBI decision to allow them to operate in India. ...................................... 160
Infrastructure Trust Funds (ITFs) ...........................................................................................................................................................161
Q 123. Bring out the similarities and differences in the Infrastructure Debt Funds (IDFs) and
Infrastructure Trust Funds (ITFs). ............................................................................................................................................161
Crisis in Syria ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 162
Q 124.How the Sykes-Picot Line of international boundaries shaped the history of Middle
East in the post WW-I era? Discuss. ..................................................................................................................................... 162
Q 125. The process of political radicalization in Syria was initiated during the era of the
French mandate, the legacy of which was almost a guarantee of Syria's political instability.
Discuss. 164
Q 126. Short note on: Hafez al-Assad and Bashar Al-Assad....................................................................... 165
Q 127. Short note on: Role of sectarian religious differences in Syrian Crisis .....................................166
Q 128. Discuss the factors that prompted the protests in Syria?.....................................................................166
Q 129. What are the various actors in the Syrian crisis? ............................................................................... 167

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8 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 130. The crisis in Syria is certainly complicated in comparison to Libya, Egypt or


Tunisia? Discuss. ..................................................................................................................................................................................170
Q 131. Why Russia did took a strong stand in support of Syria's government and against
international actionpromoted by Western and Arab countries? Discuss. .......................................... 171
Russia Plan and Geneva II Conference ............................................................................................................................................ 172
Q 132. What are the key steps suggested in the so called Geneva Communiqu for a
political solution to the conflict in Syria? What are the difficulties in implementation of the
same? Discuss. ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 172
Role of NGOs in Development ............................................................................................................................................................... 173
Q 133. Role of the government and non-government sector is complementary in
development activities. Examine Critically. ............................................................................................................... 173
Q 134. The NGOs have spread their activities in every walk of life that directly concerns the
masses. What are the reasons of such proliferation of NGOs? Discuss the role of some NGOs
in India. 174
NGOs in micro-financing: Partners in rural development ................................................................................................. 177
Q 135. Write an Essay on: NGO in micro-financing: Partners in rural development. ................... 177
Indian Polity: Revisiting Westminster Model............................................................................................................................... 181
Q 136. "Westminster model of democracy is unsuitable for a stable government in India".
Opine. 181
Indian Polity: Pseudosecularism........................................................................................................................................................... 184
Q 137. Secularism in Preamble has divided country into pigeon-holes of different isms.
Discuss. 184
Problem of Internal Migration in India ............................................................................................................................................. 185
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
Q 138. Critically discuss the extent and causes of internal migration in India. Do you think that
the Government policy is ignoring the migrants? Substantiate your answer. ................................... 185
Science and Technology DNA Barcoding .................................................................................................................................. 187
Q 139. What is DNA Barcoding? Discuss its potential applications. ............................................................... 187
Mudgal Panel on Indian Cinema ............................................................................................................................................................ 188
Q 140. Write a short note on Mudgal Panels recommendations on Indian Cinema. ............... 188
Various Terms Related to Chess Tournaments ......................................................................................................................... 189
Q 141. Describe the meaning of the following terms related to Chess Tournaments: Swiss-
system, Round-robin; Double Round Robin; Scheveningen system; Matchplay; KO; Tiebreak;
Armageddon ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 189
Crisis in Maldives ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 190
Q 142.Why there is a political turmoil in Maldives in recent times? What are Indian interests
in Maldives? Do you think that the growing Chinese economic and naval influence in the
Maldives is the part of evolving reality of the Indian Ocean basin? Discuss. .................................... 192
Maldives and Non-state Terrorism Threat to India ................................................................................................................ 194
Q 143. Instability in Maldives may lead to threats, particularly from terrorist groups and
other non-state actors to India. Comment. ................................................................................................................... 194
PAC report on activities of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board ...................................................................................... 194
Q 144.What are the major problems highlighted by the recent PAC report on activities of
Atomic Energy Regulatory Board? Discuss. .................................................................................................................. 194
Infosys US Visa Fraud Issue...................................................................................................................................................................... 195
Q 145. Comment on the recent Infosys Visa fraud row and its implications.......................................... 195
Recent SC Judgement in T S R Subramaniam and Others versus Union of India ...............................................196

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9 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 146. Formal rules are only a small part of what makes the entire machinery function.
Discuss critically in the light of recent Supreme Court Judgment in T S R Subramaniam and
Others vs Union of India. ............................................................................................................................................................... 196
Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2013. ............................................................................................199
Q 147. Discuss the legal issues around surrogacy in India. Throw light on the major features
of the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2013. ............................................................. 199
Jayadevan Method and DuckworthLewis method in Cricket ..................................................................................... 201
Q 148.Differentiate between the Jayadevan Method and DuckworthLewis method used in
Cricket. 201
NFC and Bluetooth......................................................................................................................................................................................... 202
Q 149. What is Near Field Communication? How it works?........................................................................ 202
Silk Road on Internet .................................................................................................................................................................................... 203
Minimata Convention on Mercury ...................................................................................................................................................... 203
Q 150. What are the hazards of Mercury? On what ground India chose not to sign the
recent Minamata Convention for phasing out mercury? List its salient features. ......................... 203
Concerns Regarding Pentavalent Vaccine ..................................................................................................................................205
Q 151. What are the concerns regarding the pentavalent vaccine introduced in India
recently? Discuss...............................................................................................................................................................................205
Marine Sanctuaries in Antarctica ....................................................................................................................................................... 206
Q 152. Discuss the objectives of the planned ocean sanctuaries in Antarctica. On what
grounds such plan has failed? ................................................................................................................................................ 206
IOR-ARC .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 207
Q 153. Discuss the strategic Memberimportance
Name: Ghanisht Member's of Indian Ocean.
Email address: What are61.8.129.229
ghrdsk@gmail.com the common challenges
faced by the IOR-ARC members? .......................................................................................................................................... 207
2+2 Mechanism .................................................................................................................................................................................................208
Q 154. Write a short note on 2+2 Mechanism in international affairs. .......................................................208
Issues on Separate Pay Commission for Military ................................................................................................................... 209
Q 155. "There is an urgent need for a separate pay commission for Military. Discuss. ............ 209
Recent decisions regarding Western Ghats ............................................................................................................................... 210
Q 156.Discuss the recently taken decisions regarding the conservation of the Western Ghats.
210
Ambitious Solar Power Targets ............................................................................................................................................................ 212
Q 157. Do you think that the government target of 20 GW of solar power by 2022 is too
ambitious? Discuss what are the practical problems to achieve the above target? .................... 212
Benefits of Space Missions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 213
Q 158. What are the "tangible benefits" of space missions? Discuss. ......................................................... 213
Legal status of Unbanked Direct Blood Transfusion (UDBT) .......................................................................................... 214
Q 159.There is an urgent need to legalise the "unbanked direct blood transfusion (UDBT) in
India. Discuss. ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 214
Sanitation and Rural Urban Divide....................................................................................................................................................... 215
Q 160. Sanitation in India has a clear urban-rural divide. Comment. .................................................... 215
Vishvanathan Anands Contribution to Chess ............................................................................................................................. 215
Q 161. Write a short note on: Vishwanathan Anand's Achievements .......................................................... 215
The Abhay Bhang Committee ................................................................................................................................................................. 216
Q 162. Write a short note on : Abhay Bhang Committee. .............................................................................. 216
Stocks with reference to Climate Change Negotiations .................................................................................................... 216

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10 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 163. What do you means by the term "stocks" with reference to the climate change
negotiations? Do you think that Future emission reduction targets should be fixed on the
basis of stocks? .................................................................................................................................................................................... 216
EU resolution recognizing caste-based discrimination...................................................................................................... 217
Q 164. Write a short note on recent EU resolution recognizing caste-based discrimination
and discrimination. ............................................................................................................................................................................. 217
2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry................................................................................................................................................................ 217
Q 165.Write a note on contribution of Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel in the
field of Chemistry............................................................................................................................................................................... 217
Pursuit Project.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219
Q 166. What is the so called Pursuit Project? What are its objectives? ....................................... 219
Indian History: Sardar Patels Secularism ...................................................................................................................................... 219
Q 167. Sardar Patel was fully committed to secularism and was a staunch opponent of
communalism. Comment. ............................................................................................................................................................... 219
Traveling Wave Reactor (TWR) .......................................................................................................................................................... 220
Q 168.What is the Traveling Wave Reactor (TWR)? What are its potentials? .................................... 220
NMR Spectroscopy ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 220
Q 169. Discuss various applications of NMR Spectroscopy....................................................................... 220
Iran Nuclear Deal Key Points .................................................................................................................................................................. 221
Q 170. Discuss the salient issues agreed upon in the recent interim agreement on Irans
nuclear programme. How it affects India? ..................................................................................................................... 221
Smart Grid ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222
Q 171. How Smart Grid is different from Member's
Member Name: Ghanisht traditional power
Email address: grid? Enumerate
ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 its advantages. 222
Key decisions at Warsaw Climate Talks........................................................................................................................................ 222
Q 172. Discuss the key decisions taken at the recently held Warsaw climate talks. .................... 222
Food Security Bill and Peace Clause Agreement ................................................................................................................... 223
Q 173. By rejecting the Peace Clause Agreement India is trying to guard its farmers'
livelihood and people's right to food. Discuss. .......................................................................................................... 223
Current Trends in India Vietnam Relations ............................................................................................................................... 224
Q 174. Hanoi is gradually becoming the linchpin of this eastward move by New Delhi. Discuss.
224
Analysing the Import Substitution ..................................................................................................................................................... 225
Q 175. What is Import Substitution? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages. ............................. 225
Various methods of Artificial Recharge of Ground Water .............................................................................................. 226
Q 176. What are the various methods of artificially recharging the Ground Water? .................... 226



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11 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Broadcasting Reforms in India


Q 1. "Public broadcasting, unlike private broadcasting, must primarily be designed to cater to the citizen, not
only the consumer". Discuss suggesting broadcasting reforms India should contemplate with special reference
to Prasar Bharti.
Summary Points

To write the answer of a question like above, we may use the following arguments / points:
1. Prasar Bharti is a national public trust whose purpose and functions are spelt out in Section 12 of the PB
Act, 1990. Most important among them is safeguarding the citizens right to be informed freely, truthfully
and objectively on all matters of public interest, national or international, and presenting affair and
balanced flow of information, including contrasting views, without advocating any opinion or ideology of
its own.
2. Grant of autonomy is just one, there is an array of reforms being urged in the Prasar Bharti. The first reform
is of a more professional approach to newscasting, for which Sam Pitroda panel was set up.
3. Regarding funding reforms, we can cite that the PB Act requires Parliament to make due appropriations for
PB which is accountable to it through the Ministry of I&B and its annual report. Additional funding is
permitted through broadcast receiver licence fees, currently not levied, commercial broadcasting, sale of
programmes, etc. Here, we must note that PB Act permits the Corporation to levy fees for all external and
monitoring services in the same manner as the BBC is funded by the Foreign Office for its external services.
Although, the Broadcast information is a service like the supply of electricity, water and telephony; yet
unlike the others, it is generally seen a free good.
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
4. Broadcasting is a hardware-led business driven by transmitters and relay stations along with human
resources such as engineers, staff, reporters etc. Prasarbharti has been left to suffer lack of all these.
Prasar Bharti has little ability to cover the reach and report the happenings in India leave alone the foreign
countries. Even if we wish to know what is happening in Sri Lanka or Pakistan or Bangladesh, we need to
turn on CNN or BBC. In the same way, its is incapacity of Prasar Bharti due to which India's voice is barely
listened aborad.
5. The PB Act calls on the Corporation to take such steps as it thinks fit to establish a system for the
gathering of news for radio and television. This is something PB is well placed to do, nationally and
globally. It needs to build its own oral and audio-visual news services that provide an additional,
standard-setting, third major news service for a country of a greater size and diversity than all of Europe
(plus Russia) and North America combined. Standard-setting is important in the light of the editorialised
and sensationalised new reportage current today and phenomena like paid news.
The above points were written with inputs from an Article by Shri VB Verghese on his site

Cable TV Digitization
Q 2. What is Cable TV Digitization? Discuss its implications on consumers, industry and Government.
     Digitization versus Conditional Access System (CAS)
     CAS stands for conditional access system, which is a digital mode of
transmitting TV channels trough a set-top box (STB). The transmission
     signals are encrypted and viewers need to buy a set-top box to
receive and decrypt the signal. All of us pay and view channels in DTH
      via the CAS. On the other hand, the Digitization is the process of
    providing cable television signals in digital rather than analog format.
This requires television signals to be transmitted through a digital
       Set top box to the television using the CAS.

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


12 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 

Thereasonisthatinthedigitalsignal,thereceptivityismuchclearerandallthechannelshavethe
samereceptionquality


Implications of Digitization
For consumers
x              

x 
x 
For Industry & Government
x          

x 
                
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

               
 

x 

          

Cable TV Networks (Regulation) Amendment Ordinance 2011 (and subsequent law)
            
             

             


Current Status

 


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13 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Radio in India
1927  
AllIndiaRadioAkashvani 
   
 

   amateur radio            
Amateurradiocanbehelpfulforsociety
    Community Radio Policy 
          

Q 3. What is Amateur Radio? How it is regulated in India? Discuss its utility for the Society?
What is Amateur Radio?
x HamRadio
 private recreation, noncommercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self
training,andemergencycommunication.
x              
 
Amateur
Member Name: Ghanisht Radio
Member's Email address: in India 61.8.129.229
ghrdsk@gmail.com

x       Usha Mehta and her Secret Congress Radio


      The first amateur radio operator license in India was issued in
1921. In those days of freedom struggle, the illegal radio played
     important role in dissemination of anti-British emotions. For
example, Usha Mehta and some of her close associates began the
    Secret Congress Radio, a clandestine radio station in 1942. The
   first words broadcast in her voice were: This is the Congress radio
calling on 42.34 meters from somewhere in India. The radio
     broadcast recorded messages from Gandhi and other prominent
    leaders across India. To elude the authorities, the organizers
moved the station's location almost daily. Ultimately, however, the
 police found them on November 12, 1942 and arrested the

x 


x           
              
 
How Amateur Radio is regulated in India?
x           
WirelessandPlanningandCoordinationWing
x 


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14 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              
           
    
 
 

x              

Amateur Radio and Society
x 
           

x  
 


x            

Ham Radio and the Computers
x   
             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


x 
            
 
Q 4. Discuss the Government Policy towards Community Radio in India.
What is Community Radio?
x                 

x  
 
 
Community Radio in India:
x  
           

x                
airwavesarepublicpropertyandmustbeusedforthepublicgood
            
    that the right to receive and impart information is enshrined in

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15 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Article19oftheUniversalDeclarationofHumanRightswhichdescribesthefundamentalright
tofreedomofspeechandexpression.
x   
            
              
             


 
The Government Policy towards Community Radio in India
x     
         
           
  

x              
 

x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



x             
agriculturaluniversities,educationalinstitutionsandcivilsocietyinstitutionssuchasNGOs
  
x              
     
  
     


x  
Eligibility to apply for a Community Radio Station
      
       

x    explicitly constituted as a nonprofit organisation     
recordofatleastthreeyearsofservice
x serveaspecificwelldefinedlocalcommunity
x 


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16 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x             
(Entertainmentisnotbannedexplicitly.NewsProgrammesare
bannedinCommunityRadioaswellasFMRadioinIndia)
x                


x 

x 
x 
             

Role of Community Radio for Society
Q 5. How the Community Radio can be helpful for remote village populations of India? Discuss various
challenges of Community Radio.
Summary Points

You can use the following points to justify your answer apart from some information given above:
x Community radio serves as a development tool,
addressing issues of local concern. Archana Raturi from
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com
Hewalvani told Frontline the story
61.8.129.229
x Community Radio can also help in taking initiatives of Godawaridevi, who was being harassed by the local
such as spreading the education, discuss on local patwari.
"For many days, nobody knew what had happened. Then
maters and to take on the corrupt authorities.
we got to know about this incident. She had earlier
Example is a story published in adjacent box sourced
opposed this man and so he got her beaten up. We went
from Frontline. and interviewed the woman. Then we also spoke to
x Community Radio is often called "People's radio, For people around that village. Later we took the programme
people, By people" to other villages and played it there. Enough support was
generated for the woman. Next time around this patwari
x Community Radio is a radio service for
will think twice before he takes the law into his own
geographically bound communities, where hands," she said.
infrastructure is poor and mainstream national and 2012 Frontline / Kasturi & Sons Ltd
regional media may not reach.
x The service is usually run and managed by local people and addresses issues relating to the community in the
local language.
x It has great potential to serve as a development tool in rural India in terms of creating awareness, spreading
information and facilitating communication.
x However, India is yet to see a full-fledged community radio movement or process as government policy, governed
by the Telegraph Act of 1885, does not permit such broadcasts.
Problems of the Community Radios
x The first major problem for the Community Radios is the funding and payments of the spectrum fees. Every
community Radio needs funds to run it smoothly. Nevertheless, those who have taken up the cause go from
village to village and mountain to mountain with a small recorder player, helping people to communicate.
x In April 2012, the Government had hiked the spectrum fee from 19700 to Rs. 91000. This fivefold increase in the
license fee provoked widespread protest from functional community radio stations. The matter is still under
consideration of the government and would be reconsidered by September 2013.
x The second problem is that many girls are active in the community Radios and when these girls get married, the

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17 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

group comes to a standstill.

Paid News
Q 6. What is Paid News? What are the Reasons of rise of Paid news? Discuss the recommendations of the
Parliamentary Committee to tackle the menace of Paid news.
               
 
What is paid news?
               
                
            

               

o 
o 
o 
           
circumstantialevidence
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Why Paid news is on rise?
 

9 
9 
9 
9 
Recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee on Paid News

,
periodicreviewoftheeditor/journalistautonomywage
conditions
,             

,     mandatory disclosure of private treaties    

, 
,          


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18 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

,              
             
 
, eitherthereshouldbeasingleregulatorybody
forbothprintandelectronicmediaorthepunitivepowersofthePCIshouldbeenhancedanda
similarstatutorybodyfortheelectronicmediashouldbeestablished
,              

,  
                
 
, 
 

   


  
Recommendations made by the
Member Name: GhanishtPress
Member's Council of India in61.8.129.229
Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com its Report on Paid News.
 
           

9 Representation of the People Act, 1951 should be amended     

9        fully empowered to adjudicate the complaints of
paidnewsandgivefinaljudgment
9 

9  

The measures sought by the Election Commission of India
9                 
              

9 


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19 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 7. To what extent the Election commission of India has been able to curb the menace of Paid News?
Discuss.
Summary Points

The Legal position of Paid News is such that it can not be eliminated 100% without very strong law as well as
media being ethical. This seems impossible in current environment. Yet, the efforts made by ECI in its limited
capacity are worth praises. You can use the following points in an answer to a question such as above.
1. The Election Commission of India (EC) has estimated (on the basis of its internal assessment) the market of
paid news to be of as much as Rs.500 crore. According to the estimates of the Election Commission,
around 40% of the election expenditure of political parties is earmarked towards publicity that includes
media advertisements. Of the total amount paid to media firms, EC estimates half to be towards paid
news.
2. The biggest hurdle for election commission of India to tackle the problem is that, paid news is not an
electoral offence. The election commission had proposed to the law ministry to make it an electoral
offence. Thus, legal position can not be used by Election Commission to punish those in media. Such
matters are referred to the PCI by the ECI, but eventually PCI has its members from those in media houses
so never ever anyone punished.
3. At the same time, Election Commission is handling the problem on the basis of the expenditures done by
a candidate in elections. This finds its legal base in the Representation of the Peoples Act.
4. Under sections of the Representation of the People Act, a candidate is required to maintain an account of
election expenses and ensure these do not exceed the prescribed limit. A candidate has to file expenses
with EC within 30 days from the date of declaration of election results. If the expenditure is mis-stated, a
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
candidate can be served a notice and disqualified for three years. If already elected by the time the
scrutiny is complete, the person may lose the seat.
5. On the basis of this, in October 2011, the Election Commission had disqualified Umlesh Yadav, the sitting
MLA from Bisauli in Uttar Pradesh, under Section 10-A of the Representation of the People Act 1951 for a
period of three years for failing to provide a true and correct account of her election expenses. She had
failed to include in her official poll accounts the amount she spent on advertisements, dressed up as
news, in two Hindi dailies, Dainik Jagran and Amar Ujala, during her 2007 election campaign.
6. This was a historic decision as no sitting MP or MLA before Ms Yadav was ever disqualified by the ECI on
grounds of excessive expenditure. This was also the first verdict in the paid news saga
7. Apart from that, ECI had issued a set of guidelines to monitor political advertisement during election
campaigns. Most notable of them are as follows:
a. The state Chief Electoral Officers will have to obtain a list of all TV and Radio Channels and
newspapers in the state with their standard rate cards six months before the term of the Lok
Sabha or Assembly in state expires.
b. There will be a Media Certification and Monitoring Committee at district and state level, which
will monitor all political advertisements in relation to candidates.
8. Apart from that, Election commission has taken help of senior officials of the Income Tax Departments to
head its poll expenditure monitoring wing to check the practice of paid news' and other abuses of money
power in elections.
9. Following the name and shame policy, the Election Commission of India (ECI) has decided to upload the
names of media houses and candidates on its website if they are found guilty of indulging in paid news.

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


20 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Advertising Standards Council of India


Q 8. Discuss the functions of Advertising Council of India
x   
 

x   There is no other non governmental body in India which
 regulates the advertising content that is released in India. If
an ad that is released in India seems objectionable, a person
      can write to ASCI with their complaint. This complaint will be
     deliberated on by the CCC after providing due process to
advertiser to defend the ad against the complaint and
     depending on whether the ad is in alignment with the ASCI
code and law of the land, the complaint is upheld or not
      upheld and if upheld then the ad is voluntarily either
 withdrawn or modified. In 2007, the Government of India
amended the Cable TV Network Rules Advertising Code by
 which ads which violate ASCI code cannot be permitted on
Composition TV. (Source: wikipedia)
x  


x  

           

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 
         

x                



Vulture Funds
Q 9. What are the Vulture Funds? Do you think Vulture Funds should be promoted in India? Discuss giving
reference to the Vulture Funds elsewhere in the world.
Summary Points

An analogy of vultures and vulture funds is worth enough to understand the Vulture Funds. This Article describes the Vulture
funds in details. Here are some points which you need to note.
1. The concept is new in India and off late, it has been a subject of debate if the vulture funds can flourish in India. The
environment here is conducive but some opine that actions of the vulture funds will limit the debt relief and also burden the
economy with huge debt loads. So as of now, Indian environment does not support growth of vulture Funds.
2. Peru was the first country in the world to face a vulture fund lawsuit. Other examples are Argentina and DRC and other
such countries in Africa.
3. They buy up the debts of countries in chaos and war. Most typically, they seek to profit from buying loans and bonds at
large discounts.
a. 5. Vulture funds purchase debt claims as a secondary lender. This means that vulture funds are not primary lenders, but
rather are entities that have purchased the debt from some other source, such as a bank.

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


21 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x                
            

remainsofarapidlyweakeningdebtor.
x              
          
             
          suing the debtor   

Are Vulture Funds successful elsewhere in the world?
x 


Paripassu
x               
avulturefund'srighttocollectthefullvalueofthedebt
Paripassu

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 

Status in India
x  

              

x                

x   
                

Vulture funds with reference to other countries
x 
 
 

x 
              


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


22 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  
 



Comptroller and Auditor General of India


Q 10. "The job of CAG is to merely look at compliance of systems and not to question the policy". Do you
agree with this view? Substantiate your answer.
Key Arguments

The following arguments have to be put in the answer of the above question:
1. CAG is most important officer under Constitution of India, thus said Dr. Ambedkar.
2. CAG report helps ensure executives accountability to the Parliament in the sphere of financial administration.
3. CAG is concerned with providing a fair and transparent audit leading to credible governance. In its quest to do so, it
not only needs to look at the compliance of systems, but also go deeper into issues of policy making. This is because
systems and policies are not independent of each other; therefore the effect that policies have on systems need to be
looked into.
4. The role of CAG is not that of a mere accountant to the government, rather to uphold the Constitution of India and the
laws of Parliament in the field of financial administration.
Why we need a CAG?


       
Member Name:
Back to Basics: Constitutional Provisions regarding CAG
Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
Article 148:
      1. There shall be a CAG of India who would be appointed by President and who
can be removed from office in a manner and on grounds like Judge of a
      
Supreme Court.
 2. Third schedule has the oath of affirmation for CAG
3. Salary and other conditions of work to be defined by a Law enacted by the
      Parliament. Salary specified in second schedule
4. Once left office, CAG is not eligible for a Government of India or Government
      of State jobs
      5. Conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts
Department and the administrative powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-
 General are prescribed by President after consultation with CAG, subject to
any law by parliament.
      6. Expenses and salary drawn upon Consolidated Fund of Indi
Article 149:
    
Duties and Powers of CAG include checking accounts of Union and States and /
       or other body prescribed in the Law enacted by the Parliament.
Article 150:
      The accounts of Union and States will be kept in such as way that is prescribed
by the President on advice of the CAG
  
  Article 151:
 1. Report of CAG of Union Accounts to be submitted to President who causes
them to be laid before each house of parliament
Arguments for the above question
2. Report of CAG of State Accounts to be submitted to Governor who causes
x       
 them to be laid before state legislature.

    

mostimportantofficer 
x 
  



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23 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 
 
         
        





x 

               
 

 



x 

 
x        
         
                


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
x           
          
                


Critical Analysis of the Whistleblowers Protection Bill


Q 11. "There are several lacunae in the Whistleblowers Protection Bill that need to be discussed and
addressed." Discuss.
Context
ThePublicInterestDisclosureandProtectiontoPersonsMakingtheDisclosuresBill,2010
WhistleblowersProtectionBill 

thisPRSsummary
9      mechanism to conceal the identity of a whistleblower  

9      offence to reveal the identity of the complainant  
imprisonmentandfineforanyonewhorevealstheidentity.
9 

9 
Answer
Summary Points

Though such a bill is desirable and is a welcome first step, there have been criticisms of the bill from many

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24 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

quarters. Some provisions that are cited as inadequate are as follows and they must be in your answer:
1. There is a lack of a clear and adequately broad definition of what constitutes victimisation.
2. The bill is silent on penalties and compensation vis--vis victimisation. If the law is expected to
effectively deter victimisation, it must provide for strict punishment and penalties to be imposed on
victimisers.
3. The bill must ensure that wherever a whistleblower is killed or suffers grievous injury as a result of
making a complaint, action is taken on a priority basis on the original complaint of corruption or criminal
offence filed by the whistleblower.
4. The law must cover complaints against the prime minister, chief ministers and all other public authorities,
like the armed forces.
5. Also, it is important that complainants against the private sector get protection under this act because
corruption in private institutions has a significant impact on the public.
6. The law must take care to not empower anyone to dismiss or close a complaint on the grounds that it is
"frivolous" or "vexatious". These terms are impossible to define objectively and are likely to be misused. It
may lead to a situation where most complaints would be routinely rejected as being frivolous or
vexatious.
7. Power of CVC limited to making recommendations without any power to impose penalties
The government is morally bound to protect people who take up the courage to expose the irregularities in our systems. In this
regard, a sound Whistleblowers Protection Bill that addresses all the present lacunae, though not sufficient, but is still a
necessity.

Demilitarising the Cyberspace


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Q 12. "There is an urgent need of a cyber treaty that demilitarises cyberspace." Discuss.
Summary Points

1. The existing international treaty called the Budapest Convention, it focuses only on cybercrime.
2. Cyberspace has not only become central to various sectors from social, economic, political to geo-strategic
and defence, but also vital to a nations existence. However the flip side is that illegal, criminal and anti-
national elements have also become rampant.
3. There may be cyber attacks on critical information infrastructures such as banking, power distribution, air
traffic control, as well as espionage, so the question is: is this a manifestation of military conflict?
4. In the United States, the cyber security is under the overall control of the national security advisor, not under
the Department of Homeland Security.
5. Use of the Stuxnet malware against Iran was a case of a nation-state using cyber weapons for destructive
use.
6. So, there is a need of a cyber treaty that demilitarises cyberspace and emphasises law enforcement
cooperation will promote a safe internet. Improved international governance of the internet is an integral
part of this cooperation.
Answer
               
                 
             
               

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


25 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

         Stuxnet malware      

 
ConventiononCybercrime
BudapestConvention
9           

9 

9 

 



                 


Critical Analysis of Indias Observer Status in the Arctic Council


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Q 13. Discuss the geo-economic significance of the Arctic Council. What are the implications of the recent
admission of India as an observer to the Arctic Council?
Context:
 
  
 About Arctic Council
The Arctic Council is a high-level intergovernmental forum that
      addresses issues faced by the Arctic governments and the indigenous
      people of the Arctic. It was set up in 1996.
It has eight member nations viz. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland,
      Norway, Russia, Sweden and United States
     There are 12 countries with Observer status in Arctic Council. They are
China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands,

Poland, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom
      
    
 particularly its polar research capabilities          


The Geo-economic Significance of Arctic Council
9 
 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


26 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9                   


9 

9                 

ImplicationsforIndia
9                
 

9  
 

9   
 

9  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
  



9                   
              


The Prime Minister should be from Lok Sabha Opinions


Q 14. "The Prime Minister should be a member of the directly elected House." Do you agree with this view?
Substantiate your answer.
Context
               
 

Arguments for your Answer
x  
                

x                   
 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


27 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

                

x  
              
However,thefactthatministersofonehousecannottakepartinproceedingsoftheother
house in U.K. is often overlooked              
           

x desirable
 
 
                  


The Guantanamo Bay


Q 15. Why the US prison at Guantanamo Bay is in news frequently? Why the US Administration has been so
far unable to shut it down?
x 

GuantanamoBayNavalBase,Cuba 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

   
  

   



x      
   
  
   


x              

x 
 
x               
                



2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


28 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  Defence Authorization Bill        





                  
              
 



India-Japan Partnership
Q 16. Recent economic and geopolitical circumstances make India a critical global partner for Japan.
Discuss.
 
   
Economic Circumstances:
x               


x    JapanChina relations       
  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


x             
                
           
          

x    
               
 
x              
  
 
x 
 

Geopolitical Circumstances
x
  
 
 

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29 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x   
              

x 
  

x 
             


Conclusion
x               
                


         


Problems of Current Account Deficit


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Q 17. The problems with India's Current Account deficit go far beyond just Gold and slow global growth.
Comment.
Current Account Deficit Problem
x 
             

x 

x 
 
Beyond Gold
otherproblems
x  
         Thus, while gold imports need to be
curbed,therealissueisstimulatingexports.
x                
  
Forinstance,Indiasexportshavewitnessedadeclinein
engineeringgoodsaswellastextiles.

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


30 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  competitiveness of Indias exports base has been badly eroded    


             

x     sharp rise in imports of coal and petroleum products   



x Local production is not taking place          


NTRO
Q 18. In what circumstances, NTRO was conceived? Do you think it has been successful in achieving its
objectives? Evaluate.
Context: NTRO was conceived as a Premier scientific organization, yet it continues to be more or less in a state of limbo.
This question is framed over some editorial discussions on this matter.
Background
x NationalTechnicalResearchOrganisation
            
           

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 
         

In what Circumstances, NTRO was conceived?
x            


        
Findings and recommendations of the GC Saxena task force:
    
x The task force found huge gaps in the technical
      intelligence (techint) capabilities of our agencies, both
defence and civil.
        x There were two ways to fill this gap: the allocation of
  additional resources to each of the several agencies to
build their respective capabilities, or to set up a new

 techint agency. It was envisaged that this agency would
 function in a neutral manner, without itself acquiring the
role of an intelligence agency. The task force opted for
     the latter.

              
              


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31 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


          
     


 



 
Evaluation of the success/failures of NTRO
9              


9 
            

9                

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


9 
9                 


Indias Electricity Diplomacy with Bangladesh


Q 19. Briefly comment on Indias Electricity Diplomacy with Bangladesh.

            

x BaharampurBheramaratransmissionlink

         
 
x              
              
ThiswouldmarkNTPC'sfirstjoint
ventureabroad 
x              


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32 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              
 

x 
 

               



Proposed Coal Banking System


Q 20. Critically discuss the proposed Coal Banking System.
              
 x The Coal Bank proposal has been mooted by the
     Association of Power Producers, an umbrella body of
private power generation companies
     x Under the scheme coal from captive mines of power
 developers would be 'banked' with Coal India to help it
tide over shortages
 x On completion of the banking period, CIL would return
the coal to the power generation firms
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
     
x The power producer would earn revenue from the
      scheme until its project gets commissioned.
    
                


            

 
Proposed Methodology
x              
 
x CoalIndia(CIL)canactasabankforstoringsurpluscoalproducedfromthecaptiveminesof
privatepowercompanies.
x               

x                 

x  


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33 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  


Mental Health Care Bill 2012


Q 21. Critically analyse the salient features of the Mental Health Care Bill 2012.
Salient Features of the Bill (Not your answer)
x  
x            

x 
x Stipulatesthatpublicandprivateinsurancecompanieswillmakeprovisionsformedicalinsurance
fortreatmentofmentalillnessonthesamebasisasisavailablefortreatmentofphysicalillness.
x 
x 

x                 
 
x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 
x  Advance Directive           


x nominatearepresentative


x

x 
            Provisions of Forced admission in
rarecasesofmentalillness.
x               

x MentalHealthReviewCommissions
x 

Points for Critical Analysis (Your Answer)

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


34 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x               
 

x             
            


x    frequently unregulated         
 
healthministriestakesastepintherightdirectiontoensurethatpatients
suffering from mental health ailments dont get lodged in hospitals or asylums for more than six
monthsandarenotgivenelectricshockswithouttheirconsent.
x 
             
 
           


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


x AdvanceDirectiveNominatedRepresentative
              

              

x  
 

x                
psychiatrist,openingapotentialareaofmisuse
x                 
RightsofPersonswithDisabilitiesBill,2012

Narayana Murthy Committee on Higher Education


Q 22. Discuss the key recommendations of Narayana Murthy Committee on Higher Education.
 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


35 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9            

9    Council for Industry and Higher Education Collaboration   

9             

9 

9            



9 NationalEducationalLoanFund

9              

9              
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

              

9 Pathbreakingmeasureslikefreelandfor999years,300percentdeductionintaxableincome
tocompaniesforcontributionstowardsboostinghighereducationand10yearmultipleentry
visasforforeignresearchscholars.

India-Thailand-Myanmar trilateral highway


Q 23. Write a short note on: India-Thailand-Myanmar trilateral highway.
      
        
        
      
     
      

x        
     


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


36 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 
             

x         
Figure1:Map2013GoogleInc.

x              

x              
                

x 
            


cDNA
Q 24. What is cDNA? Why it was source of concerns in recent times?
x complementaryDNA
             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x thatitomitsthoseelementsoftheoriginalsequence
thatdonotcodeforproteinformation

x                
               
              


x               
             

               
              

x                

x 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


37 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Analysis: BCCI under RTI


Q 25. BCCI should be made an autonomous legal entity, and brought under Right to Information Act.
Discuss.
  
              

x               

x  
x   BCCI vs. Netaji Cricket Club         


x ZeeFilms 
                 

x                
            
   Member
  
Name: Ghanisht 
Member's address:
Email ghrdsk@gmail.com
  61.8.129.229
    

x A.C.Muthiahvs.BCCIcase 

                    
            


x                

x               

  
x 

x 
x 

x 
 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


38 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Islamic Banking
Q 26. What is Islamic Banking? Why Islamic Banking is not permitted in India?

 
 ShariaCompliantfinance
x 

x 

x 

x 
x 
o 
o 
o 
o          
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Why Islamic Banking is Not Permitted in India?


x  IslamicbankingisnotconsistentwithcurrentbankinglawsinIndia
x 


x  
 

Contribution of Justice JS Verma to Indian Judiciary


Q 27. Discuss some of the key judgements which made Justice JS Verma to be known as the face of judicial
activism in India.
Brief Background about Justice JS Verma (Not Your Answer)
   
            
  

  
               
  
           

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39 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             
               



   
               
          
    
            
 

Key Judgments which made him the face of Judicial Activism in India (Your Answer)
Sarojini Ramaswamy vs Union of India,1992
x                 
             


x    
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


  
                
               
provedmisbehaviourorincapacity
x              
 
Nilabati Behra vs state of Orissa, 1993:
x  in
custody `

x  
              

x 
custodialdeaths
S.R. Bommai vs Union of India, 1994
x 



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40 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 

x               
 
o 
o              

o              
             

o              
             



Vishaka & Ors vs State Of Rajasthan & Ors on 13 August, 1997
x              
             

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Further notes:
                  
               
 
                

               


Analysis: Globalization and Eclipse of Nation State


Q 28. "Globalization has led to an eclipse of the nation state". Do you agree with this view? Discuss.


x Internationalization:
x Liberalization:
x Universalization:
x Westernization:
x Deterritorialization:
                 


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41 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x
            

x            

x 

x                 

x           


                


              

           
  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Conclusion
Though it is not fair to state that nation state no longer has an influence over the impacts of
globalisation,howeveroverall,thenationstate'spowercanbesaidtobediminishing.

The Middle Income Trap


Q 29. What is the so called Middle Income Trap? Discuss its causes and implications with emphasize on
Indian Economy.

      This point may be such that the average incomes in these
economiesarewellshortofthoseinthedevelopedeconomiesofthewest
middleclassMiddleIncomeTrap

x          
risksstagnationandisunabletocontinueitsgrowthfurtherandenterintothe
rankofaDevelopedeconomy.
                
growthplateaus.

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42 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            
             


9 
9 
9 
9 
 
9 

9 

9 
9 
9 
9           

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

              
             

 



9 

9 
9 

9 

25 Years of SEBI
Q 30. Assess the performance of SEBI in 25 Years of its existence.
   
                
 

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43 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

ThoughthegovernmentssupporttoSEBIhasalwayscomeinreactiontoacrisisortheemergenceof
new scams and is often found wanting when it is crucially needed, yet SEBIs has been performing
appreciably.
 
           
            
 
9 Dematerialization of shares:        
             
             
            
 

9 Faster settlement process:           


9 Stronger and clearer regulations, orders:       
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

                 

9 Fostering mutual fund industry:        
 
              
 

OtherInitiatives

 
9 Foreign institutional investors:        
 
              
   
  
 
9  
 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


44 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Indias Free Trade Agreements


Q 31. List the countries with which India has entered into FTAs / CECAs. Critically evaluate the impact of
these bilateral agreements on India's Economy.
              
       
India's concluded bilateral / multilateral
       agreements
        9 Agreement of Cooperation with Nepal
to Control Unauthorised Trade
 9 Agreement on Economic Cooperation
Critical Analysis of Impact on Bilateral Trade between India and Finland
9 Agreement on South Asia Free Trade
         Area SAFTA
         9 Asia Pacific Trade Agreement APTA
9 CECA between The Republic of India
 and the Republic of Singapore
       9 Comprehensive Economic Cooperation
Agreement between India and Malysia
          9 Global System of Trade Preferences
       GSTP
9 India Africa Trade Agreement
 9 India Chile PTA
        9 India Afghanistan PTA
9 India ASEAN Agreements
  9 India
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com Bhutan Trade Agreement
61.8.129.229

9        9 India Japan CEPA


9 India Korea CEPA
  9 India MERCOSUR PTA
        9 India Nepal Trade Treaty
9 India Sri Lanka FTA
      9 SAARC Agreement on Trade in Services
     SATIS
9 Treaty of Transit between India and
 Nepal
Source: Department of Commerce,
9       
Government of India
     


9               
              
 

  
                 
              


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45 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Cooperatives and Inclusive Growth


Q 32. Cooperatives should be promoted for Inclusive Growth. Comment.
               
              


 

Key Arguments
             

9 
    Thus they allow people to work together to create sustainable
enterprises that generate jobs and prosperity and help in eradication of poverty and hence
achievementofamoreinclusivegrowthpattern.
9 


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

9             


9 
9            
          

9
          
 

          
    


Vodafone Tax Dispute and UNICITRAL Arbitration


Q 33. Briefly discuss the tax dispute between the Vodafone group and the Indian income tax (IT) authorities.
Why Vodafone is demanding UNCITRAL Arbitration? Discuss Government of Indias stand on the matter.
The following Article tries to record the whole matter briefly; the above question is framed just for an indication. The
entire content in below Article is useful to understand the dispute, though it is not the exclusive answer of the above
question.
Background to the Dispute

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46 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              
          
        

 
x 

           
            

              
 
x              
            
 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x   primaryaimofthistransactionwastoacquire
67% controlling interest in Hutchison Essar Limited, a company resident in India. 
  
          
     
    
  
x              
  
                
 
x               
            

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


47 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 

x The Bombay High Court verdict
 
 
 


x  


x 

The Supreme Court verdict
 
9  

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

9 lookatlookthrough
              

 
            
 
 
Proposed amendments in Legislation
x              
retrospectiveeffectfrom1962sothatallpersons,whetherresidentsornonresidents,having
business connection in India, will have to deduct tax at source and pay it to the government
evenifthedealisexecutedonaforeignsoil.
x  
              
 
 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


48 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              


 

Vodafones demand for UNCITRAL Arbitration

x  
 
 

x          
         United Nations Commission on
InternationalTradeLaw(UNCITRAL)

Indian Governments stand on conciliation under Indian Laws


x UNCITRAL
 

x       
   
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

UNCITRAL
 UNCITRAL

x                 

x  
 
x 
              
            

x              
            
 

x              



2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


49 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              


Brief Timeline of the Case


x 2007   

x 2007  
 
o September 
 
o October  
 
x 2008
x February
o
           

o  

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
x December:
o            

x 2009
o January           
  
o October 
o October


o December 

x 
o January  
o April 
o May 
o May 


o May

o June  


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


50 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o August 
o September            

o September 
o November

x 2011
o March 

o April            

o April
 
o May 
o August
o August            
  
x 2012 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

o January            

o March           

           
 
x 2013
x March  
         

             
 
x April           
            
 
x May  
x June 
x August 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


51 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Indoor Air Pollution (IAP)


Q 34. Discuss the extent of disease burden due to Indoor air pollution (IAP) in India. Suggest remedies.
 
              
IndoorAirPollution 



Extent of disease burden of IAP
9           

 
9 
 
9 


9              
          
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Suggested Remedies
 
9 
9 

9       chulhas    
            
                


9 
          

9            
          
        


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52 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9 


Abenomics and Japans Economy


Q 35. What is Abenomics? How will it reinvigorate Japan's economy? Discuss its implications for the global
economy.
What is Abenomics?
        
              
 set of monetary, fiscal, and structural reforms geared toward spurring inflation and
pullingJapanoutofitsdecadeslongdeflationaryslump.
How it will reinvigorate Japans Economy?
 
9 

9                

9 
9             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


9              

                




Implications of Abenomics for the global economy:
9  possibility of currency wars      

9             
Diaoyu/Senkakuisland

9                
  


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53 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9               
             


Cool Japan Campaign


Q 36. Discuss the salient features of the Cool Japan campaign. Do you think it is successful in projecting
Japan as a Soft Global Power? Discuss.
Background
    
                
foreignmarket 
9                
 
9  
              

              
             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 
 

               

9
 
9 
9 
9 
 
               

What is so cool about Japan?
9 Ikebana 

9  
9 Yukata             

9  

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


54 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9 JPop  



9 Pokemon, 
 
9 HelloKitty  

9 Manga Anime 

9 Sumomuseum 
Japanese Govt. initiatives to promote Cool Japan
9               

9  
9  
9
            

9 
9              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
9              

9   
 
9  
 
Criticism of Cool Japan
9  
9 

9   

9  

Cool Japan campaign in India
9              
             

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


55 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

   



9  

9  
   
Success of Cool Japan campaign and current promotion measures
9 

9  
9              

9  
9              
 
9  

9              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


9              

9 
9   


Prism Programme and NCCC


Q 37. What do you understand about the so called Prism Programme? Discuss various concerns and issues
arising out of this programme.
Background Information

 
GuardianWashingtonPost 
x 


x  
 
 

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56 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x               

Enabling Laws
x 
FISA
x    
           
                
Foreign
Patriot Act
x                

USAPatriotAct.

            
            

The Bush and Obama Governments under fire
x 
           
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


x 
 
x 
            


x 


Edward Snowden
 
           
         

How the data is collected and reviewed?
x              


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57 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 
               

x 
o 

            
          

o 
             


o

            

Proponents and Opponents
x            
   
Member Name:
Ghanisht Member's  
Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com     
61.8.129.229


x          
            
Youcan'thave100%security,andalsothenhave100%privacyandzero
inconvenience.
How US Government defended the Programme.
 
x 
 


o legal, limited,
andeffectiveinpreventingterroristattacks.
o            
             

x             
 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


58 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o 

            

Implications of Cyber Surveillance by US on other countries
x biggestbandwidthlargestnumber
ofinternetservice
o mostglobal
internettrafficpassesthroughUS,becausethepacketstakethecheapestpathtoreach
theirdestinationaftermovingthroughameshofrouters
o  
           

o               

Indian Networks and Prism
 
  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

   
The NCCC (as reported in media)
 
            
           
            

x             

            

x              

x                
 
x            
  
         

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


59 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

        

Current Legal Status of surveillance in India
x             
            
            
 


The National Cyber Security Policy (NSCP) 2013


Q 38. Critically discuss the Salient Features of NSCP 2013.
  

x 

x NationalCriticalInformationInfrastructureProtectionCentre(NCIIPC),

           
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
          

x 

x 
x 
x 
x           

x 
Points for Discussion
9               
             

9  

9             


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


60 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
9 


9 

9  
               
            

9               

9               
 

9 
 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Indian Rupee Slide



                

Depreciation versus Devaluation
Q 39. What is depreciation of Rupee? How it is different from Devaluation?

            
        

x        




x deliberatedecrease

             
 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


61 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Reasons of fall of Rupee


Q 40. Discuss the causes of the steep fall in Indian Rupee in recent times.

           
         
 
Cross Border Transactions & CAD
x 
      Rupee slide began its journey when the news Ben
Bernanke's announcement of doing away with
      QUANTITATIVE EASING by USA came. The rate of slide is
high much because of speculation and less because of the

economic fundamentals.
     
 other things being equal            

x              
 


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
x 
           


x compensated
capitalaccount     
              
                

Fed-Reserve ending the stimulus
x               
        


x  
 
Oil Imports
x                
              



2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


62 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  
             

Volatility in Equity Markets
x             
               


x                 
                 

Gold Rush
x 
Weak economic fundamentals
x             

Impact of Rupee Slide on Economy
Q 41. Discuss the negative and positive impacts of falling rupee on Indian Economy.
Negative Impacts Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
Rise in Wholesale Prices
x                  

Adjustment in oil and gas prices
x               


No relief to borrowers
x                 

Expensive foreign travel & Education
x                

Expensive products with substantial import content
x  

Fall in stock prices
x  

Positive Impacts
Benefits to exporters
x  
 

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


63 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             

x               

Curb on Gold Imports
x 




Boost to Domestic Production
x             

More Inward Remittances
x               


Steps taken by the Government / RBI to stem Rupee Slide
Q 42. Discuss measures taken by the government to stem rupee slide in recent times.
Steps Taken
x              
            
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

o The objective of this move was to improve liquidity in the derivatives market, thereby
boostinginvestments.
x               
   
Key Challenges for Raghuram Rajan
    x Provide stability to sinking rupee
      x Give impetus to growth that could dip below 5%.
x Repair relations between RBI and Finance Ministry;
        there have been strained relations over monetary
 policy.
x Addressing key issues in banking sector such as
o ECBs are considered attractive as rising NPAs, slowing credit growth and governance
costofraisingtheloanoverseasis issues.
x Attention to new banking licenses.
lower than that of domestic x CAD problems increased by pullout by FIIs and
borrowings. Besides, they provide slowdown in FDI.

anadditionalavenuetoaccesslargeamountsoffundsfromglobalfinancialmarkets.
x  
             

o The recent removal of this restriction was to improve liquidity and reduce intraday
volatilityinthemarket

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64 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x  

o Theearlyrepatriationofexportearningswouldshoreupforeignexchangeinflows.
x    
  
 
 

x   

x              

x


x
          




Failure of the
Member Name: Government
Ghanisht inghrdsk@gmail.com
Member's Email address: curbing Rupee Slide
61.8.129.229

Q 43. Why government has so far failed to arrest fall of Rupee?


With Inputs from Moneycontrol.com 2013 e-Eighteen.com Ltd


Worsening CAD
o 
              


Poor Export Growth
o
 
             


Insufficient FDI inflows
o  
    

o               



2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


65 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o          
 
   
FII outflows
x               
            
 
x Outflows of FIIs have put a continuous pressure on rupee not allowing it to come out of the
slump. Meanwhile, leading global bank Goldman Sachs has downgraded Indian stocks to
underweight and recommended investors to stay selective on concerns of economic growth
recovery
Rising Import bill
x 



                
 
   
Overall economic contraction
x            
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
 
Strengthening of dollar
x

 

           


Trends in Indias Macroeconomy


Q 44. "Macro-economy is threatened because of the global risks and very short-sighted approach of our
policy-makers to those risks". Comment in the light of recently reported data.
 


x   
x 
x 

               


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


66 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Developments in Indias Balance of Payments (BoP) during the Fourth Quarter


x 
x 
x 
x  
            

x 

               

x  

x 
Indias External Debt
x 
x  
x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
Financial Stability Report
x                 

x 
x

x 


Liberalization: The Structural Changes in Indian Economy


Q 45. Critically discus the structural changes in the Indian economy after Liberalization.
 

             

x Changesintheshareofagriculture,industryandservices:


x Sharpriseintheimportanceoftheexternalsector:


           

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67 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


            

x OverseasInvestment: 

x      
       
            


x Saving and investment Performance:      

             

x 

         
   
 
              

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 
             
informalisation,casualisation
and contractualisation         

x               

 



The Mega Steel Plants Proposal


Q 46. What are the proposed ultra mega steel plants (UMSP)? Do you think that idea of ultra mega steel
plants is feasible in current circumstances? Substantiate your views.


 
  

              

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68 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             


                

x 
x 
x 
x

x               

x 


                  


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

RBIs intervention in the Forex Markets


Q 47. "In India, the RBI does not target any exchange rate. RBI intervenes in the foreign exchange market
only to manage the volatility and to manage the disruption to the macro economic situation". Discuss.
x   
            

x 
  Liberalized Exchange Rate Management System      
            
             
             
 

x            

 

               


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69 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             

x               

              
 
           

 

x                  
               

           


x 
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

             
            


Recent Future plans of ISRO


Q 48. Elaborate your views on the future frontiers of India's Space Programme.
 
IRNSS
x Launching six navigation
Specification of IRSS-1A
satellites     IRNSS-1A is the first navigational satellite in the Indian Regional
   Navigational Satellite System series of satellites. The satellite has
been developed at a cost of 125 crore. Each IRNSS satellite has
    two payloads: a navigation payload and CDMA ranging payload in
    addition with a laser retro-reflector. The payload generates
navigation signals at L5 and S-band. The design of the payload
    makes the IRNSS system inter-operable and compatible with GPS
and Galileo. The satellite is powered by two solar arrays, which
 generate power up to 1,660 watts, and has a life-time of ten
      years.

 






2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


70 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

GSLV
x 





x
  
          

         
  




Other Plans
x 
  

x 

x 
x 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
x 

x 
              


SCNT and Mitochondria Replacement Technique


Q 49. In recent times, Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) method and mitochondria replacement
technique have faced much resistance on ethical grounds. Comment.
          

x 

x 
x              

x 

x 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


71 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
               

                  






Reverse Vaccines
Q 50. What are "Reverse Vaccines"? Discuss their importance in Medical science.
              
             
               

x           
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
             

x               



x 
           

x 

x 


x                 

x            


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


72 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
               



Israel Palestine Peace Issue


Q 51. What are the major issues in Israel-Palestine Peace making? Explain.
              
             

Two State Solution
x 

 
x  
x  
               
 
x    Member
   
       
Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

            

 
Israeli Settlements
x             
 

Jerusalem
x              
             

Refugees
x                 
 
             


Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)


Q 52. The Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has huge potential for transforming rural sanitation".
Comment.
What is CLTS?

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73 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x unsubsidized
           

x                 

 

How it is different from Traditional Programmes?

x           
 
           
shittingintheopen
x  

x 

Potential of CLTS

x               
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
         


             

x               
 

 

x 
              
            

Initiatives Taken

x 
               
              
               
            

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


74 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
Governance and Administration- Disbanding of DRDA
Q 53. What are DRDAs? In what circumstances, have they been disbanded?
              
              

zila
parishads                

x 
             

x 
VRamchandran

x              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


National Food Security Bill


Note: The following discussion describes the Food Security Bill right from its genesis and tries to bring all important
points at a single place.
Introduction
               
           

x Hunger and malnutrition are unacceptable in a world that has both the knowledge and the
resourcestoendthishumancatastrophe
x Accesstonutritionallyadequateandsafefoodisarightofeachindividual
 
            
     
     

What is Food Security?
Q 54. What is Food security? Differentiate between chronic and transitory food insecurities.

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75 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
    

   all
people at all times have both
physical and economic access
tothebasicfoodtheyneed
    
   
foodsecurityis
access by all people at all
times to enough food for an
active,healthylife.Itsessentialelementsaretheavailabilityoffoodandtheabilitytoacquireit.
chronictransitory
x            
               

x temporarydeclineinthehousehold's
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

            

whenithasaccesstothefoodneededforahealthylifeforall
its members (adequate in terms of quality, safety and culturally acceptable) and when it is not at
undueriskoflosingsuchaccess.
               
            
           
             
 
x  
x 
x 
x 

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76 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            

 

Extent of Food Insecurity in India


(The below information in this section is for reference only, hence no question framed around data).

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

  



x    Global Hunger Index Report        
 

x               


x  


   
          
uncertainforlackofupdateddata

   

x              

               
               


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


77 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 

               

x               
 

            

x    
   India State Hunger Index     
              
 
     
             If these states
couldbecomparedtocountriesintheGlobalHungerIndexrankings,somestatesinIndiahave
index scores at the bottom: Bihar and Jharkhand rank lower than Zimbabwe and Haiti, and
MadhyaPradeshfallsbetweenEthiopiaandChad.
  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Thereasonisthat
theincomegrowthhasaccompaniedincomedisparityandthebasicissueoftheneedtoensurefood
security of the population has not been addressed. Instead, nutrition indicators have stagnated and
percapitacalorieconsumptionhasactuallydeclined,suggestingthattheproblemofpervasivehunger
mayhavegotworseratherthanbetter.
The Food Security Legislation: An Election Promise of UPA Governments
x                
  
     To work out a comprehensive mediumterm strategy for food and
nutritionsecurityinthecountryinordertomovetowardsthegoalofuniversalfoodsecurity
overtime
x               

          
 
x  
 
x  
The NAC Proposals 2010

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78 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
How they defined the Poor and Non-poor?
        The proposals were prepared by the NAC on the
        basis of the BPL Census data, which were indeed
much maligned. The government was also on its
 way to back out of its promise to provide
x  universal access to foodgrains in the 150 poorest
districts of the country, most of which are
 affected by Naxal violence and the
 accompanying governance failures. The poor
priority households and the non-poor general
x         households were nothing but the officially
accepted poverty estimates of the Tendulkar
  Priority Group  General
Group.
o PriorityGroup
 

o GeneralGroup
             

x butinphases
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

severecriticism
o ineligiblefortheproposedfoodsecurity


o 

o  

o              


The C Rangarajan Committee
 
          
     
       
         anti
NAC recommendations.     only poors
should get subsidized food grains    


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


79 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


9             



9 
 really needy            

9 

9

               



9               

      Member
          budgetary
Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

implicationsoftheNAC'sfoodsecuritybill.
 
              
                





                  
            

  
 
 
National Food Security Bill Approved by Cabinet (December 2011)
 

x PriorityGroup


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80 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x GeneralGroup

x 
o Destitute:
o Homeless:
o 
x              
                

x             


x 
x 


 
  
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


9  
9          
   

9 

9

9 
9 

Recommendations of the Standing Committee
      
       
 

9          
      

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


81 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


9 fourcategories
 
            

                

9              
 
             
             

9                
              

9 

9 doorstepdeliveryoffoodgrains
toTPDSoutlets;useofinformationtechnology;leveragingAadhar;introducingschemessuch
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

ascashtransferandfoodcouponsinlieuoffoodgrains
           
qualitynormsforfoodgrains,emphasisonpulses,sugarandmillets
andapplicationofCCTVcamerasatGodowns,anduseofinternetandGPStrackingvehicles.
9            
 
The Revised Food Security Bill (2013) Approved by Cabinet
         National Food Security Bill 2013 



              


two
child norm               

National Food Security Ordinance 2013

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82 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)



          
        
         
       


        
       

        
 
        An ordinance is an executive order to pass laws when
Parliament is not in session. It remains effective for
   

six months from the date of passage within which
 period it must be replaced with a permanent law that
needs to be passed by both houses of Parliament.
 
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

               

National Food Security Bill 2013: A study of the Provisions
Q 55. Discuss the Salient Provisions of the National Food Security Bill 2013.
                 
http://goo.gl/81vX2q 
What is Objective of the Bill?
9     provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by
ensuringaccesstoadequatequantityofqualityfoodataffordablepricestopeopletolivealife
withdignityandformattersconnectedtherewithandincidentalthereto
9                  




Comment: The above makes it clear that the bill if is passed into an act, the states will be given time by the central
government to implement.
What is entitled for the Eligible Households?
9            


            

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83 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 





9  
What is there for Children?



            
 

            

What is there for Pregnant and Lactating Women?

               
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



Who will identify the eligible households?




What are State Food Commissions?
 
  chairperson five other members       

o             

             

           


o              


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84 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o              


o            


What is the two-tier grievance redressal structure in the Food Security Bill?
           District
GrievanceRedressalOfficer(DGRO)StateFoodCommission
              
           


             
             
              

 
What are the Transparency Provisions?
            

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



             

What are the PDS Reforms?


 






            

What are provisions for Women Empowerment?



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85 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)




                

What are obligations of the Governments and Local Authorities?
Central Government:      
   
 
 
              


StateGovernment:
         
 


Local Governments:         
             

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Major concerns if the bill is passed


Q 56. What are the different concerns of various sections of the society with reference to the Food Security
Bill? Suggest measures for its effective implementation.
Distortion of agricultural patterns
              

             

India could become massively dependent on imports
 
              

One-third population may have to pay steep prices



Food subsidy bill will rise sharply
                
            


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86 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
       
    


 

Overall inflation will rise
If a major rice-consuming State such as Tamil Nadu enters the open market, seeking to procure
rice in huge quantities, the price of the commodity will naturally increase.
Higher MSP for cereals and demand for other food items because of lower household spending on
cereals will push up food inflation and the overall inflation.
Overall corruption and malpractices may rise
There may be many leakages and malpractices.
Irregular supply of ration is a bigger issue that getting ration at subsidised rates. The accessibility
and quantity wheat or rice made available to the poor is always at the discretion of the ration
shopkeeper. The government must ensure to curb hoarding of food grain.
The bill if passed has to ensure transparency and accountability by the government so as the
malpractices and corruption doesnt rise.
Responsibility and accountability should be strictly enforced, without any leniency of any type.
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
Conclusive Remarks Suggestions for Effective Implementation



              
              


           


              


            
             

Current Position

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87 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

   Food Security Ordinance           


                 

              
               
                
 




Economy and Policy: Public Procurement and CCI


Q 57. Public Procurement is detrimental to Competition Environment in India. Discuss.
Context: Public procurement of foodgrains in such a manner that the remaining players in the grains market can not
compete with the Government. Thus, the competition in the grain market got killed.

  purchase of goods and services by the government or PSUs  
    Relevant Newspaper Clipping
  The courts in India have held that the principles enunciated in Article 14 (equality before
the law) of the Constitution are applicable to public procurement. Thus, there has to be
      no discrimination and total transparency when procuring goods or selling assets, whose
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

ultimate owners are the people of India. The government, according to an assumption
    that it has to be treated like a consumer, has a choice to purchase goods in any manner it
     wants. This view is not correct. The government, as part of the state, consists of the
judiciary, Parliament and the executive. It purchases/sells not for itself but as a trustee of
     the state. Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution assert the law of non-discrimination and
transparency of government purchases. The Supreme Court in the case of Punjab versus
   Okara Grain Buyers Syndicate 1964 SCR (5) 387 pointed out that the state is not an
individual unless statutorily provided as shown under Section 2 (L) of the Act. It is a
   settled law that government or a corporate entity cannot have personal expenses. Hence,
     the government is not defined as a person and cannot come under the definition of
consumer under the Competition Act. The government being the executive arm of the
    state has various functions under the Competition Act and it cannot be treated at par
with other persons defined under the Act. But the Act has introduced a concept of
   enterprise under Section 2 (L) as a person or department of the government implying the
government is not a person. The section also talks of carrying out any activity relating to

production, storage, supply, distribution, acquisition or control of articles/goods or
Impacts on Competition provision of services. Any policy direction of a government department impacting any of
    the activities mentioned can be subjected to competition assessment and has to be
treated in a different manner against procurement by a private person.
   2013 Financial Express. http://goo.gl/h5tTI2
  
bothpositiveandnegative.
createsdemand.



CompetitionActdoesnot

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


88 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

make a distinction between a public and private enterprise      


             

Tendering
o            
tendering. 
              

o 


Distortion by Price Control
o                
         


Knock Out Effects
o                

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

o            
               
 

o              
            

o              





Disinvestment in NLC
Q 58. What are the various issues relating to disinvestment in Neyveli Lignite Corp (NLC).

 
o 


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


89 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o             

o               

o               

o Neyvelihasalwaysbeenahotbedoflocalpolitics
and Tamil nationalism.          

o 


o statetobuytheCentres5%stakein
NLC. 


o 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


o 
              



Role of Services in Indias Economic Growth


Q 59. India's Economic Growth is services-led growth. Comment.



              

o 
 
o             
 


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90 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o 



 
 
o 
o 
o 
              
               

 JoblessGrowth.

Indian Polity Appointments in Higher Judiciary


The Collegium System of Appointments
Q 60. The collegium system of Judicial Appointments is opaque, fallacious and ethically compromised. Do
you think that Collegium System should be scrapped? Analyse.
Context: The Collegium System of Judicial Appointments has been a subject of controversy for several years
because of the growing evidence that it has resulted in incompetent, inefficient, ethically compromised individuals
being appointed as judges. This section covers the whole issue with background. The above question is for
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

indication only; you can create an outline of a model answer on the basis of the following info.
You will conclude in the end that it is not necessary to scrap the collegium system which itself has evolved in
search of independence and separate from executive. Moreover, it is not important who makes the appointments.
The important is that how appointments are made. Certainly Supreme Court is expected to take initiatives to evolve
a fair and transparent system.
The Constitutional Provisions and Practice till 1981
                 
Presidentafterconsultationwithsuchofthe
JudgesoftheSupremeCourtandoftheHighCourtsintheStatesasthePresidentmaydeemnecessary
forthepurposeandshallholdofficeuntilheattainstheageofsixtyfiveyears
o   
 alwaysbeconsulted
consultation   
  
consultationwiththesejudgesismust 
  
 very often in consultation with his senior colleagues    
              
                
 


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91 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

               

o             


o  
 
SP Gupta versus Union of India 1982
S.P.Guptavs.UnionofIndia
                 
 
  
o   
o

o   
      Consultation  not concurrence    


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
              
 

              
  
The over-ruling of SP Gupta Case Decision
  Supreme Court AdvocatesonRecord Association Vs. Union of India     


specificprocedure protectingthe
integrityandguardingtheindependenceofthejudiciary
o                
 
o                
 with his two seniormost colleagues     

o 



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92 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o   
               
             
          

The Collegium System

 


        recommendation should be made by the Chief Justice of
India and his four seniormost colleagues (instead of two) and further that Judges of the Supreme
Court hailing from the High Court to which the proposed name comes from must also be consulted
  
Collegium 

Problems with the Collegium System
(Content for your answer begins Member
from Name:
here)Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
             
             
                 

o incompetent,
inefficient,ethicallycompromisedindividualsbeingappointedasjudges.
o   
Theyallegedthattheindependence
and integrity of the judiciary has been put at stake by the Collegium while giving
recommendations because the decisions of the Collegium seem to have been based on
considerationsotherthanmeritandintegrityofthecandidate.
o 

 
o               
          
quidproquo.

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93 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o   delayin the


judgement delivery, lack of clarity and clear reasoning in judgements, lack of knowledge of
even basic principles of law and lack of ability and willingness to learn, ghost writing of
judgements.
Opacity in the appointments
o             

o                  
            
           

How to remedy the system?
9               
           
             
               

9 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
9                

Conclusion


                


The Judicial Appointments Commission Bill


Q 61. Discuss the salient features of Judicial Appointments Commission Bill.
 
scrapthecollegiumsystem
             


                    
two
judges of the Supreme Court, the Law Minister, two eminent persons as members and Secretary
(Justice)intheLawMinistryasMemberSecretary.
Somenotes:

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94 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9 

9 TheBillwillbeaConstitutionAmendmentBill.
9                 
 
               

 

              



Legacy of the Telegram


Telegram: Indias Colonial Legacy
Q 62. Discuss the role of Telegram in India's Freedom Struggle.
Since July 15, 2013 Indias telegraphic network has ceased to exist. This question seeks to discuss its role in colonial
era and freedom struggle.

  


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
                   
 
Negative Role
9  
9  

9  

9 


 
Role in Freedom Struggle

 
9 
 
 

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95 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9         

9              


 

9 


International Affairs: The Relevance of G-X Model


Q 63. "G-x model will be the future of multilateral cooperation". Discuss.





arefarmore
informalandunstaffed 

           



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9        
       

       
    

9 
            
         

9 



          
          

9 

          
           


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96 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            

9          
          
          
           





9 
visavis 


             

          
      
    

  
 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

9 


 
             



           

9            
  
              
 


9 
 
             

9             

           
 

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97 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

The Arctic as a Global Commons


Q 64. "The Arctic deserves to be treated as a global common and a common heritage of mankind." Discuss.
        global commons     
  
    Declaration of Principles    


resourcedomainsorareas

 




mareliberum 

    
  The Arctic Council has eight states as members,
 the five coastal states, Canada, Russia, the U.S.,
Norway and Denmark (through Greenland), and
      Sweden, Iceland and Finland.)
  
Member Name: Ghanisht
Member's 
Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



    
         

 


9       Arctic Five    Arctic Council 
 

9 

9 


9 

9             
         Exclusive Economic Zones  



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98 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9 


Conclusion
       
Criticism of Indias being an Observer State
      In May 2013, India became an Observer at the Arctic Council. In
becoming an Observer, India had to agree to the following criteria
       set by the Council:

     , Recognize the sovereign rights of Arctic states
, Recognize that the Law of the Sea and the U.N.
 Convention on the Law of the Sea, constitute the legal
       basis and the legal framework within which the Arctic
will be managed
      , Respect indigenous peoples, local cultures and
     traditions
, Be able to contribute to the work of the Arctic Council.
 Some have criticized it on the grounds that in accepting to abide
      by these criteria, India has recognized the territorial and sovereign
rights of the Arctic Five countries.
    
              
 

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The Concept of Strategic Partnership


Q 65. What do you mean by "strategic partnership"? Give an overview of India's strategic partnerships with
four countries.
Defining Strategic Partnership
               

longterm
interests and goals           
political,economic,socialandhistoricalfactors.
 

 
 
x 
x 
x 


Indias Strategic Partnerships

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99 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
United
States,Russia,Japan,France,UKandGermany.
Russia
x  
 
 
              

x 
              

United States
x               
             
            

x              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 
x                

Japan
x           
            
  
             
            


 
  
            
 
 
 

France
x              
              

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100 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

         




x             
 


x 
         
    Centre National dEtudes Spatiales    
 Spot6launch
   SARAL, 


India Asean Relations: The Issue of FTA in Services


Q 66. Describe India's engagement with ASEAN on Geopolitical and economic fronts. Why India is pushing
for an FTA in services with ASEAN? Discuss.
About ASEAN:
x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

           

x          
          

About India-ASEAN Relations
x   
 
            
             
          

x               
         
         
        


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101 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x               
 
  
  
Indias Engagement on Geopolitical Front
x                
             
            

x 

x 
  
            
 

Indias Engagement on Economic Front
x    
        
  FreeTradeArea(inGoods).
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 

x 
  
 
x   
              

Assessing the Economic Integration:
x  
                
        huge trade deficit and import too much from these
countries 

   
x                

           
 
  

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102 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Mode4


          
             

            


             
  

Q 67. Write a short note: India's trade with CLMV countries
   Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam.      
              
  still
muchbelowitspotential
 India's trade with the ASEAN bloc reached $76.7 billion in
2012-13, its trade with CLMV countries in the same year
representabridgebetween was just $8.53 billion. India's exports to CLMV countries
India and ASEAN countries
Member Name:  accounted
Email address:
Ghanisht Member's for $4 6561.8.129.229
ghrdsk@gmail.com billion and imports $3 88 billion

               
               
            
 

BRICS Consensus & CRA


Key Facts
x             
  
  
x   

x   
 
 
             
 
           

x                  
  
             

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103 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

           
            
 
              
eThekwiniDeclarationeThekwiniActionPlan
x 
BRICS led Development Bank
x               
             

BRICS Think Tanks Council
x   

BRICS Economic Research Group
x              
            
 
Q 68. Discuss the salient features of the eThekwini Declaration. What is the so called BRICS Consensus?
   
Member Name: 
Ghanisht Member's 
Email   
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com     
61.8.129.229


  
  
coordinationonkeyglobalissuesandfinancialissues.
      BRICS Development Bank (BSB) 
ContingentReserveArrangement(CRA) 
                  
 motley crew

             
 
     BRICS Consensus       
            
WashingtonConsensus

      
      
 



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104 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 69. What is BRICs Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)? What is its objective?
  
          
 
 




                


SAFTA: Current Position & Issues


Q 70. Discuss the role of SAFTA in regional trade cooperation. What are the issues & hurdles for its full
Operationalisation?
                
 
            
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



Members:
           
              

                   
                 

 
              
              

  
Position of India and Pakistan
     
                
    
  

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105 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

  


            


 
Importance of SAFTA:
     
            
              
            
            
 

Problems:
9 
 
9              

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
9              






IMF QUOTA Reforms


Q 71. In recent times, quota reforms of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have been a key agenda of
the G-20. What are these quota reforms?
What is Quota?
  
  


9 

9 
9 
9 

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106 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


                  
  
What are Quota Reforms?
                
  interalia
9   


9 
9 

9             
  
9  
9   
9 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

  




 
 


Africa - Abyei Region Conflict


Q 72. The wrangle over Abyei is one of the main unresolved disputes following the 2005 peace agreement
between Sudan and South Sudan. Discuss the recent steps taken to solve this dispute.
Brief Historical Background of the Issue
           
          
          

         

     AnyanyaI  
AddisAbabaAgreementAnyanyaII
NaivashaAgreement

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107 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 

 
Dispute with Abyei Region
Abyeiregion
 



              
            

Recent Steps Taken

              
                
meanttovoteonwhethertobepartofSudanorSouthSudaninJanuary2011
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

               
                 

             


Africa - Casamance Conflict


Q 73. Write a short note on Casamance Conflict.
         
     
        

   
    

         
        
        
        

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108 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

       
 
   
  


Conflicts in DRC and M-23 Movement


Q 74. Write short notes on North Kivu Conflict and M23 Movement.
Democratic republic of Congo           
Uganda,Rwanda,andBurundi
              coltan  
              

Brief Historical Overview

  
      


        
    Member
  
Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

      
     
     


      
      
     
        
 

      Figure2:Image2012BBCInternational


               

 
 


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109 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)



               
            
              

              
             
                
adjacentgraphics


              
       GENERAL BOSCO NTAGANDA  
Terminator 



 
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Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions


Q 75. List any six Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions. How Antarctica was divided into 15
Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions?
             
    
     
    
   

   
   
      


 

  

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110 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)














              


India Africa Economic Relations: Key Topics


Q 76. What are the major constraints to trade and investment between India and Africa?
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

           
              
            

Q 77. What is TEAM9 in context with India-Africa Relations
        
      Techno
Economic Approach for AfricaIndia Movement
(TEAM9)   eight  
     Burkina
Faso, Chad, CoteDIvoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana,
Guinea Bissau, Mali, Senegal, and India 

    
     
     
    

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111 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

               


Arab Spring: Has it failed?


Q 78. Do you agree with the view that the Arab spring has failed in attaining stable, peaceful democracies in
Middle East? Substantiate your answer.




                
                 


            not ready to change
notaccustomedtohavedemocraticinstitutions


                 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

         

 

      
       
          

Do you agree with the view?
9 No
9 
                 

9 
                 

9              
  

             

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112 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

          
             

9            



Pivot to Asia
Q 79. What is the so called "Pivot to Asia" strategy? Do you think that recent hiccups in implementing such
strategy will have any serious implications for India? Discuss.
What is Pivot to Asia?
  
     United States is here to stay in Asia.   
     
  Pivot to Asia  rebalancing 
               


              

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

interaliastated
9 Deploymentoftroops
9 Strengthenexistingties 

9               

9 

9 relationswithemergingpowers
9              

9 ElevationofitsstrategicdialoguewithIndia
          
  
9            
  
9 TransPacific
Partnership(TPP)

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113 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

9 

What happened to Pivot to Asia?

9 

9  

 

9               

              West
Philippine Sea             West
PhilippineSea-

9 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

9   


  
  
               
            




Implications for India
               
            

              


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114 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)


Q 80. What is the Trans-Pacific Partnership? What are its objectives?
               
   TransPacific Strategic Economic Partnership    

              


 


x 
 
              
             


 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 

 
x 


o 

 
           


           
          
          
             




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115 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)




 

Transfer Pricing and Rangachary Committee Recommendations


Q 81. What do you mean by Tax Avoidance? What are various methods of Tax Avoidance?
              

 
                

Tax Avoidance versus Tax Evasion







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Methods of Tax avoidances
x TaxHavens
x No Repatriation of Profits:         

x TransferPricing:

x Round Tripping:         
            

x Share Buyback          
  

x Treaty Shopping: I  a resident of a third country invests by taking
advantage of a fiscal treaty between India and another contracting state  
  

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116 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 82. Why the transfer pricing issue has assumed significance in recent years? Discuss various steps taken
by the government to tackle this problem throwing light on recently released Safe Harbor Rules.

What is Transfer Pricing Example of Transfer Pricing


x      In 2009-10, TCS had shown a net profit per employee of Rs 4.3 lakh. At
the same time, Capgemini, a foreign IT firm with operations in India,
    recorded a net profit per employee of Rs 1.5 lakh. Thus, Capgemini
showed a net profit per employee which is around one third of TCS.
    Despite of similar business, similar in contract pricing and similar in
salaries and other expenses, why the foreign IT firms reporting
pricesits profitability numbers that are a fraction of their Indian peers? This
difference goes on the same lines on other scales such as revenue per
transactions    employee, operating profit margin, net profit margin. The experts say
that this is due to the menace of Transfer pricing.
,  

x     relatedparty transactions     
              

x 
            


x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

      a price which represents the value of good; or


servicesbetweenindependentlyoperatingunitsofanorganization.
Why this has assumed significance?
x              

 
  

x 
x The Transfer pricing has been a taxing issue for both multinational corporations and tax
authorities for a long time. The Transfer Pricing has been under tough scrutiny by the
authoritiesinIndia,whichlookforabettershareinthetaxfromthecompanies.
 



Government Steps Taken
Transfer Pricing Rules
x  
             


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117 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            

Rangachary Committee
x            
 
 Beforewejump
to the            
ArmsLengthPricingSafeHarborRules
Arm's length Pricing

                 


 


                

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

                
insufficientexcessiveloss
Safe Harbour Principles
          a very complex issue   
               
  
               


   Safe Harbour Rules    compendium of those circumstances under
whichthetransferpricewillbeacceptedbytheIncomeTaxDepartmentwithoutputtingtheassessee
(company)intoproblem. 
             
RangacharyCommittee



x 
o  
o  

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118 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

o 
o 
Why these sectors only?         

-
x           
 
x              

x Norelaxationsifyourassociatecompanyisinataxhaven

What are Rules?

                

                 


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



Agents of Bioterrorism
Q 83. What is Bioterrorism problem? What are different agents of Bio-terrorism?
           
                
                 
              
               
               


Essential Facts:
x 
x 



1
RangacharyCommitteerecommendedtwoyears.

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119 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 
Foot&MouthDiseasevirus

x 
            


x        
      

x 
           

Major agents used
x Tularemia             

x Anthrax        

x Smallpox 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


            


x Botulinum toxin         

x Bubonicplague



Industrial Security / SCADA Hacking


Q 84. In recent years, there have been increasing numbers of hacking incidents against ICS/SCADA. Discuss
their implications.
SupervisoryControlandDataAcquisition


               

         

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120 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

          


x 
x              

x 

SCO and Indias Interest in RATS


Basic Facts about SCO & Its importance
             
             

Other associates in SCO:
 


 
 
  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229 
Strategic Importance of SCO
 


SCO is considered and tagged as antiwest          
   


              



            

            
                


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121 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 85. In an effort to step up its membership in SCO, India is particularly interested in its RATS Mechanism.
Discuss.
            
  deepensecurityrelated
cooperation 

  
 Regional AntiTerrorism
Structure (RATS).  
  


          
           
           


            
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


                 



Connect Central Asia Policy


Q 86. Critically discuss Indias interests and challenges in Central Asia. What are the important steps India
has envisaged in its newly launched Connect Central Asia Policy to overcome those challenges and fulfil
those interests?
Indias Interests in Central Asia
About Central Asia:
        stans     
AllofthemexceptTurkmenistanareCIScountries2.
Indias Interests

             




2
CIScountriesincludeArmenia,Azerbaijan,Belarus,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Moldova,Russia,TajikistanandUzbekistan

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122 

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  Afghanistan and Pakistan        
 
 NOTinterested 

Challenges
               
        
          
    Partnership for Peace Programme    
               

          


    Regional AntiTerrorism Structure   

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


               

             
  
           
 
Connect Central Asia Policy



           



            

                 
 

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123 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Fatah & Hamas


Q 87. Compare Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas.
              
ThebattlebetweenFatahandHamasisthebattle
betweenoldandnew
FATAH HAMAS
x Established in Kuwait (1959) by a group of x Hamas was founded in 1987 (during the First
Palestinian refugees headed by Yasser Intifada) as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim
Arafat Brotherhood.
x Source of ideology is Fatah Constitution of x Source of ideology is 2006 Hamas charter
1964. x It is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist
x Ideology is a mix of Palestinian political party that governs the Gaza Strip.
nationalism, Arab nationalism, Social x Ideology is a mix of Sunni Islamism, Sharia law,
Democracy, Anti-Zionism, Secularism Islamic fundamentalism, Palestinian nationalism
x The ultimate aim is eradication of Israel x Hamas draws its existence primarily from two
from the Middle East by armed struggle. ideological fonts: the universalistic Islamist
x The movement developed and was principles of the Muslim Brotherhood, which
identified with the Doctrine of the Armed endeavours to return Arab Islamic society back
Struggle after signing the OSLO agreement to a traditional Islamic state, and the Palestinian
of acceptance of right of Israel to exist. tenet of popular liberation coupled with the goal
x In 2006 parliamentary election, Fatah lost of Islamic states in all of Palestine.
its majority in the Palestinian parliament to x Hamas legislative victory in 2006 parliamentary
Hamas, and resigned all cabinet positions, election led to a split between the two main
instead of assuming the role as the main Palestinian political parties, with Fatah retaining
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
opposition party. control of the Palestinian National Authority in
the West Bank.

India and Palestine Cause


Q 88. Comment on Indias stand on Palestine cause.
 
  

 
India was the first nonArab country to contemporaneously recognize  
            
 
 IndiaopenedaRepresentativeOfficeinGazaon1996
India consistently supported the legitimate right of the Palestinian people to a State 
              

 
  

 

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124 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Non Political support and Cooperation:


x 
 materialandtechnicalassistancetothe
Palestinianpeople.
x  
            
          
   




x Under IndiaBrazilSouth Africa (IBSA) Forums assistance    
         
     

Cause of Palestine & Indias Stand
              
           
               


              

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Kurdistan Workers Party


Q 89. Where is Kurdistan? What do you know about Turkeys Kurdish challenge?
Kurds  Turkey, Iran and Iraq     
mostimportantethnicgroupwithoutastateoftheirown

            

What is Kurdistan?
x       

     


x        

x            
              

Kurdistan Workers' Party

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125 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

PartiKarkeraniKurdistan


Turkeys Kurdish challenge
             


Boko Haram
Q 90. "Over the past few years, Boko Haram has devastated Northern Nigeria." Discuss.
      Western education is sacrilege    
             

     Mohammed Yusuf      
             


Important notes on Boko Haram:
x               
    Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com
Member Name: 61.8.129.229

   
Christmas Day bombings
    
  

x     


  
   
   three
northeastern states of
Borno, Yobe, and
Adamawa,   
   
  
      Figure3:Image2012BBCInternational
     


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126 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              
               
            

 
x                 

x             

x  ,AbubakarShekau



Lotikipi aquifer
Q 91. Discuss the implications of the recent discovery of Lotikipi aquifer on the country where it has been
found.
          
 
             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Lotikipi aquifer             

       Turkana desert      

             

Implications for Kenya
x  
"waterpovertyline"of1,000cubicmeters
x              

x 





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127 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Current Trends in Somalian Piracy


Q 92. What are the operational issues in eradicating the menace of Somalian piracy completely?
 
             
  

 
Operational Issues
Limited Role of UN
x             
              

x 
               
   
    

  
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 

Flag States and Jurisdiction:
x    
   
   
   
    

   
   
   
   

Figure4Image2013stratfor.com
x              
            



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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x              



x 
             

Personnel at work
x             

          

x             

x               

          

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Functions and Rules of guards


x             
          
               

x 

 
Obligations and liabilities
x             

x              

              

x               
             



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129 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Indias stand on ARMS TRADE TREATY (ATT)


Q 93. Elaborate Indias stand on the Arms Trade Treaty.
x 

x                
            

Indian Stance on ATT
x   
              
            
 
 

x  

o 
o   
Member Member's
Name: Ghanisht  
Email address: 
ghrdsk@gmail.com      
61.8.129.229


o 
           nonstate actor   
               
 

 
 .

Caspian Littoral States in World Energy


Q 94. Differentiate between the Central Asian Republics and Caspian Littoral States.
Caspian Littoral States
           Russia   
Azerbaijan    Iran    Turkmenistan    
Kazakhstan
Central Asian Republics and Caspian Littoral States
            



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130 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


            



Q 95. In recent times, Central Asia has become worlds most sought after real estate thanks to Caspian
Basin. Discuss giving various issues.
World Energy and Caspian Basin

               
           
                 


 

Issues
x     defined both as a sea as well as a lake    

x   
Member 
Name: Email
Ghanisht Member's  
address:   
ghrdsk@gmail.com   
61.8.129.229

          
 
x 

 
x               



M. Damodaran Panel on reforming the Regulatory Environment for Doing Business


Q 96. Objectively discuss the salient recommendations of the M Damodaran Panel on reforming the
Regulatory Environment for doing Business in India.
       
       According to the World Bank's index, India
featured between 130 and 135, out of 180
  Reforming the Regulatory Environment for countries, over the last four years, in terms of
doing Business in India'     the ease of doing business.

    
           
 



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131 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Legal Reforms
x
  examine the content of all laws related to business  update

x 
             

Regulatory Architecture
x  



x transparencyintheappointments
x 
              

x              
 
x              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 
             

x RegulatoryImpactAssessment 
Enabling MSMEs
x             

x 
x 
               
           
           


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132 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Agriculture - Importance of Guargum in Indian Exports


Q 97. What is Guar Gum? Discuss its role in India's Agriculture Exports. Why there has been a surge in
demand for Guar gum?

 



Role in Indian Exports
x                
  

x
India'slargestagriculturalexport

 

Recent surge in demands
        
   
    
"fracking"  hydraulic fracturing           
             

               

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Indian Polity: The Implications of NOTA Option


Q 98. Discuss the various implications of the NOTA option in electoral process. Do you think right to reject is
feasible in India? Substantiate your answer.
NOTA and its implications


 



             

Implications:
notnew; 
     49O of Conduct of Election Rules    

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133 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)








asymbolicsteptowardselectoralreforms
 

              
              
                

Is right to reject feasible in India?
              


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
                 
            

                



 

           

               
           
                




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134 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

                  
                   


Analysis : T-TIP Negotiations


Q 99. Present a critical overview of the recently launched T-TIP negotiations.
What are T-TIP negotiations?
  
       

       
 


 





Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Points for Analysis

            


               



              
             



                
            
 
       
 


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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
 

           
 


           
 

US Taper
Q 100. What do you understand by the Quantitative Easing? Why the recent rumors about US Taper were
creating concerns in India?
Basics of Quantitative Easing
             
             


pumpingmoneydirectlyintotheeconomy
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

quantitativeeasing
        
    
 
 


How Quantitative Easing
works?
     
     
  
  
  
     
   
   
   
    Figure5:Image201213www.GKToday.in

it drives up

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136 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

theirprices 

Thus,the
BasicObjectiveoftheQuantitativeEasingistoBoostDemand.
But how the demand boost would help?
              


              
 

               

What is US Tapering?
 
 


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 economyhasbecomerobust enoughtorecoverwithoutas
muchsupport
  
Why it created concerns in emerging economies?
              

Thus,
tapering will have a bearing on global economy.        
 
 

Implications:

    


Land Reforms - Torrens Titling System


Q 101. Property titling is one of the key issues in land reforms in India. To what extent, Torrens Titling
System may help to address this issue? Discuss giving the salient features of this system.



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Current System
 
                

             

               


        there is no "central" registry  each deed
presentsitselfasaproofoflandownership.

Torrens Titling System
             there is a direct
registration of title in a central registry          
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
                 


 
   Land Titling Bill 2011        

          state provides a conclusive proof of title to
property ownership           

             
             
 
Benefits:






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138 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Issues with Implementing the Torrens Titling System



dematshareaccounts
                


             

               


Pressure Groups: Business Activism


Q 102. Critically examine the extent and impacts of "business activism" by various business chambers
towards social issues in India.
              
           
              
           

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


 
  

                
            


Issues in India Russia Nuclear Cooperation


Q 103. Throw light on the major issues impending the India-Russia nuclear relations.
Background:
 
           it would guarantee
uninterrupteduraniumfuelsuppliesforouratomicreactors.
            
               

             
     Sistema          
 
 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

The Issues:
              

 
               



NuclearLiabilityAct.
  

               
                
 
              


Four Levels of Endangered Languages


Q 104. Write a note on the UNESCOs four levels endangerment in languages.

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
         

Vulnerable:

Definitely Endangered:           

Severely Endangered:         
              

CriticallyEndangered:


Disaster Management Cyclone Phailin


Q 105. Critically assess the efforts to mitigate the impact of Cyclone Phailin. What contribution was made by
the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project in mitigation of this disaster?
10,000casualtiesin1999
                

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140 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
establishmentofvariousdisastermitigationbodies
 
   
 Odisha was the first state in India to set up a State
Disaster Mitigation Authority that focussed on the
   preparedness level at districts as well as a very well-
trained disaster rapid action force.
   
    
            
               

    National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project   
cyclonesheltersalongthecoastline
              
                 

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


            


Post Disaster relief, recovery and rehabilitation

              
             

            
           

Conclusion
 
buildingofcyclonesheltersinOdishawasarightdecisionandnowbuildingsuchsheltersshould
beincludedasanintegralpartoflongtermdisastermanagementstrategiesinvulnerableareas.

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


Figure6:Image2013Livemint.com

Economy and Policy: Aadhaar and Recent SC Verdict


Q 106. Aadhar promises to become the first ladder of social and economic empowerment. Discuss.
              
              




   Member
             
Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


            







 


Recent SC Verdict
Q 107. Aadhar is an instrument of inclusion and not exclusion. Discuss in the light of recent SC verdict on
the same.

provenIndiannationality


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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 



The Indian Nationality Issue
mereidentity
validproofofidentityandaddress 
                

 
             being issued to
illegalmigrantsIfanyoneappliesforAadhaarcard,thenyouhavetoverify
whetherhe is a citizen of India or not. These cardscannotbe issuedtoillegal migrants
             
  

                
 
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Denial of service for want of Aaadhar
  
               
               
 Maharashtra
andDelhigovernments 
             
           


The Fundamental Rights Issue






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143 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Indian Polity: Regulation of Political Parties in India


Q 108. "There is an urgent need to enact a law to regulate the political parties in India." Discuss.
Context: In September 2013, the Election Commission had asked all political parties to disclose the names of every
donor who funds them. The idea was to do something in political funding. This question takes the long pending issue of
political parties reforms in India and makes a part of your Paper II syllabus.

 

 
               


The Current Framework
            10th schedule


           

                
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
             
 
             

          
 

 

             

Loopholes of present system:
 







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144 

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Political Party Reforms
 M.N.Venkatachaliah

              


              

             

               



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Conclusion



 

Trends in Indian Rupee


Q 109. Discuss the trends in Indian Rupee during the months of May- October 2013. What were the factors
that were underpinning such trends? Discuss.
 
     
    
   
   

   

  Figure7:ImageBusinessStandard

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145 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

  




Announcement of so called US Taper
                 


Failure of domestic monetary policy tightening
             
 
 

Forex lending to PSU oil companies

                 
                 

           
dollarloans 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

               
 
 
           alleviates the pressure on dollar demands

Squeeze in Gold Imports




Indian Polity: Electoral Trusts


Q 110. What do you mean by an Electoral Trust? What are its objectives?
            
             






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146 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)







Objective
                
             
              

Who shall contribute to Electoral Trust
               
                
 
Who shall not contribute to Electoral Trust
  


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WTO Doha Round and Bali Ministerial Meet, December 2013


Q 111. What are the various issues that led the Doha Round of trade negotiations get stalled? Discuss what
should be the agenda of the upcoming Bali Ministerial Meet in December 2013 throwing light on India's
stand.
 


  


  




          

   
           
SGS22

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147 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

What is Doha Development Round?


DohaDevelopmentRoundDohaDevelopment
Agenda             
                


  




Objectives of the Doha Talks
              
expandtheagricultureandservicestalksto
allowtradeoffsandthusachievegreatertradeliberalization.
keyelementsfromIndia'sperspective
Agriculture
     Overall TradeDistorting Domestic Support

SpecialProducts
SpecialSafeguardMechanism
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Non-agricultural Market Access (NAMA)
manufacturingproducts,fuelsandminingproducts,fishandfishproducts,and
forestryproducts.

Services


TRIPS
             
          


Understanding Indias Stand in Doha Round

x 
x              
              


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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

  


 

x            

x 
x                

x

                
             
          
        

x         G33 countries     



Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x 
x             
 
 
x          
 


Why Doha round failed?

x              

x 

x 
Agenda in upcoming Bali meet?
                 



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149 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

   Trade Facilitation Agreement       




 
             


India's Bali Agenda - The softened stand
 softeneditsstand 
 
            
  

              
 
            

             
   Member
 
Name: Ghanisht Member's Email
address: 61.8.129.229
ghrdsk@gmail.com     

 exempt
thedevelopingcountriestocarryonwiththefoodsubsidies.
  


 


Indian Polity: Residuary Powers


Q 112. What are the residuary powers of legislations of Parliament? Do you think that residual powers should
be vested in States? Discuss throwing light on recommendations of Sarkaria Commission in this context.

                  



              

  

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

                

x        
Residuary powers are a well-known convention in
      federal constitutions. In USA, and Australia, such
powers are vested in states, while in Canada, in the

centre. In India, this was done keeping in view the
        framework of the Constitution, which envisaged a
federation with a strong Centre. Nevertheless, the
       residuary powers are criticised, as they promote a
       strong centre and curb the autonomy of states.


x 
  
x  
 

 
 
 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


                

               

Sarkaria Commission

 
                 

             
               
           
             

            


                

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

              
                 
              
                 
              


Plan and Non-Plan Expenditures


Q 113. Differentiate the planed and non-planned expenditures. Do you think that the distinction between
Planned and non-planned expenditure should be abolished?
The union governments expenditure reforms programme committee, headed by Dr C. Rangarajan, had suggested doing
away with the distinction between what budget documents terms as plan and non-plan expenditure. The following
content is inspired from the recommendations of that committee.

           
           
           

Implications:
x simplifyboththemanagementandclassification
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
x           
           
             


x  


x             
             



x   
              
           

x 
             

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152 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            

              
           
           
           
             




The issue of Parallel Economy


Q 114. Comment on the reasons and economic costs of Parallel Economy in India.
            
           

             
               
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229
 

         
      
  
Reasons
x 

x                 


x 

x 


x            

x 
Impacts on Indian Economy

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x 

x 

x 

x 


x               

x 

x           
           


Indias Efforts in Deep Sea Exploration


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Q 115. Discuss the achievements and future plans of India in Deep Sea Exploration
 
              



Achievements
            Pioneer Investor  
 



              



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154 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Mountain Strike Corps


Q 116. Give an overview of Indias decision to raise the new mountain strike corps and independent armored
brigades on Indo-China Border.
              
MountainStrikeCorps 
                 

Points for Analysis
 
     four          


 
 
Theindependentarmoredbrigadeswillplayacritical
roleinenablingtheIndians,forthefirsttime,tomaintainconsiderableoffensivecapabilityin
theborderregion.OnearmoredbrigadeistobedeployedwiththeLadakhbased14thCorpsto
covertheflatapproachesfromTibettowardChushul,whiletheotherwillenhancethestrike
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

corps'offensivepunchinnortheasternIndia,whereitwillbebasedintheSiliguricorridorin
Bengal.



 






Indian Society- Child Marriage UNHRC Resolution on Child Marriages


Q 117. Do you think that failing to co-sponsor the U.N. Human Rights Council resolution against the practice
of child, early and forced marriages, Indian government has allowed the rights of young girls and women to
be trampled? Discuss.
Context:
 
Indiaaswellas
othercountriesofSouthAsiaexceptNepal
                 


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      satisfactory work on the issue of child marriage


Right of young girl trampled?
 
  
 
earlymarriageChildMarriage 
              

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Education RUSA
Q 118. Discuss the Key features & Objectives of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).
            


Key Features
                 

             




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Main objectives
           
            





          
         

    Member's
Member Name: Ghanisht 
Email   
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com   
61.8.129.229


           

          


National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility


Q 119. Discuss the salient features of National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility.
     National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility 
               
  
Objectives
           


              

Strategies



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157 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 



 

Companies Act 2013 Various Aspects of CSR Provisions


Q 120. To what extent the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 make provisions to integrate the interest of
the businesses with that of the communities in which they operate? Discuss.
Note: Your may refer CGS-12 in which we studied different sections of the Companies Bill 2011. That module also
discusses One Person Company concept and Class Action Suit which are new and important.




2%oftheaveragenetprofit



Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


CorporateSocialResponsibilityCommittee
onedirectorshallbeanindependentdirector
           
             
scheduleVIIofthebill
 









               
          

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PointsforAnalysis:
             

             
            

               
             
            

                

              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



              


Reverse Mortgage
Q 121. Differentiate between mortgage and reverse mortgage. Do you think that the latest changes effected
by the government make reverse mortgage an eminently desirable option? Discuss.

              

            till recently  







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159 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Intheusualmortgage, astheregularmortgagepaymentsaremadetheoutstandingloandecreases
and the house equity increases. Reverse is the case in reverse mortgage, the loan amount increases
withtimeandthehomeequitydecreaseswithtime.

          


           

Eminently desirable option?
 
 
 

9   concept is not clear to Indians         
                 


    
Member Name: Ghanisht 
Member's  ghrdsk@gmail.com
Email address:   
61.8.129.229     

9 

 
Impact of recent decision:


              


Real Estate Investment Trusts (REIT)


Q 122. What do you understand by the real estate investment trusts (REIT)? Discuss the implications of the
recent SEBI decision to allow them to operate in India.
  
         is increased supply of cheaper credit for the
strugglingrealestatesector
What is a REIT?
     listed entity          invest in
smallamountssecuritizedrealestatelinkedinvestment


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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
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Objectives:
 improvetheliquiditypositionoftherealestatedevelopers
securitizedinvestmenttoinvestors  
strugglingtoraisemoneyfornewprojects 
          

Some important points
9  onlyforcompletedprojects
9  primarilyforcommercialprojects
9  
9  
              

9  

Infrastructure Trust Funds (ITFs)


Q 123. Bring out the similarities and differences in the Infrastructure Debt Funds (IDFs) and Infrastructure
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Trust Funds (ITFs).


IDF
9    



9      
 
IDFMF            

9                        
    
ITF
9               
currentlyworkingtowardslaunching

              


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161 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Similarities in IDF and ITF


9            

            
             

Differences:
9      
  
              
              

9                

              


Crisis in Syria
 Syrian Arab Republic Name:
Member 
Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

     
 
     
      

   
  

     
     
     
    



Historical Background
Q 124. How the Sykes-Picot Line of international boundaries shaped the history of Middle East in the post
WW-I era? Discuss.

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162 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 
 CentralPowers3. 


        
          
 
Partition of Ottoman Empire
        
         
       
   under British and French Mandates 
         secret
SykesPicot Agreement      

 


 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


FirstWorld
WaragreementsbecametherootcauseofvariousconflictsandrevolutionsinMiddleEast.


 



 


               
                  

            
              


3
CentralPowers=GermanEmpire,AustriaHungary,OttomanEmpireandBulgaria

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163 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             

              



                

Syria under French Mandate
Q 125. The process of political radicalization in Syria was initiated during the era of the French mandate, the
legacy of which was almost a guarantee of Syria's political instability. Discuss.
SykesPicotAgreement
 
            
 
      
     
    
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Franceadoptedadivideandrulepolicyin
Syria  
  
    
     

      
   
     

   
    
     
 

 

 

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164 

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Observations:
,  

,              
  


,              


, 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

            

,                 
 


Current Crisis: Background and Various Actors
Q 126. Short note on: Hafez al-Assad and Bashar Al-Assad

Baathparty 
         Hafez alAssad  


            

          



4
 Vichy France refers to four year regime of France under Marshal Philippe Ptain, during World War II, from the German victory in the Battle of
France(July1940)totheAlliedliberationinAugust1944

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165 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


  
                

                 
               


 

   
               
 
Q 127. Short note on: Role of sectarian religious differences in Syrian Crisis
              
ethnicArabs
           
    Member
 
Name: Ghanisht ghrdsk@gmail.com
Member's Email address:  
61.8.129.229     

              
              


               

Q 128. Discuss the factors that prompted the protests in Syria?
x           

x  


x                

            


              

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166 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Thepeople
want the fall of the regime         
        
    
             

             
             

 


          
          
              
              

            

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Various Actors in the Conflict
Q 129. What are the various actors in the Syrian crisis?
Assad Regime
               

          




                 

          Shabiha units 

 
              
               
           


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167 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Syrian Opposition


The Syrian National Council (SNC)
               
             
               


 
  
National Coordination Body for Democratic Change (NCB)
             
             
               

Free Syrian Army (FSA)
Sunnisoldiers
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

               
 
                

Syrian National Coalition
 
                 

              

Timeline of the Crisis for Reference only
March2011:
            
           

April 2011             
  


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168 

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MayJune2011:
             


October2011:SyrianNationalCouncil
              

NovemberDecember2011:
             
             

February2012:
 
March2012:sixpointKofiAnnanpeaceplan
 
           
             

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

May 2012:           

July2012:

 

 
  
         

October2012:

November2012: 
 
             

 
December 2012:     
    

March 2013:            
             

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169 

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April 2013:          
             
            


August 2013:           

            

September 2013:          

October 2013:             
         
                
 

Dynamics of Syrian Uprising
Q 130. The crisis in Syria is certainly complicated
Member Name: inEmail
Ghanisht Member's comparison to Libya,61.8.129.229
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com Egypt or Tunisia? Discuss.

Strong Support at Home
x             
               
              


x 
             



Regional Geo-politics
x 
   
  
            

x 


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170 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x                

               
               

x 

Russian Support to Syria
Q 131. Why Russia did took a strong stand in support of Syria's government and against international
actionpromoted by Western and Arab countries? Discuss.

     


      
       
        
      
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x      Tartus 
     
     
      

x      



x             

x 

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171 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


What is the stand of Iran on Syrian Crisis?
  

   
         

 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

What is Indian stand on Syria?




             
    
      

              
              


Russia Plan and Geneva II Conference


Q 132. What are the key steps suggested in the so called Geneva Communiqu for a political solution to the
conflict in Syria? What are the difficulties in implementation of the same? Discuss.

 
           
            


x 

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172 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 


 
             


 



  
              



x 
x 
Thekeystepsareasfollows:
x 
         

x 

x 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x              

x 

              
               
              
 



Role of NGOs in Development


Q 133. Role of the government and non-government sector is complementary in development activities.
Examine Critically.
     
         


  state cannot do everything      

           

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173 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)



      
      
             
                
            




           

         



           
             
            
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229




 
              









                
   
         

           
     

Q 134. The NGOs have spread their activities in every walk of life that directly concerns the masses. What
are the reasons of such proliferation of NGOs? Discuss the role of some NGOs in India.
                  

  1.2 million NGOs             

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

   
             
            
  That apart, there are numerous NGOs that exist only on glossy letterheads and
collectfundsforwhichtheydonotrenderclearstatementsofexpenditure5
Reasons of Proliferation
    
          
         
     
        



abundantsupplyoffunds,donationsand
subsidies from India and abroad.         

              
             



           

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Some Notable NGOs


Nirmal Hridaya
NirmalHridaya 

              

National Blind Relief Association of India
NationalBlindReliefAssociationofIndia


Jabala Action Research Organization
JabalaActionResearchOrganization

     
     
  


Sanitation initiative NGO Gramalaya in Trichy (mentioned in 12th plan docs)



  
          
            


5
QuotedfromFrontline.

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175 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

              
    
    




               
 

Help Age India
               
               

Sargam Sanstha
                 

Smile Foundation
               

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


Give India

           


Goonj

 
 
Akshaya Trust


Pratham
    
          
 
 


Some Notable International NGOs
Amnesty international

               

 
Red Cross

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176 

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Scouts and Guides
 
           
               
 
         Girl Guide movement


NGOs in micro-financing: Partners in rural development


Q 135. Write an Essay on: NGO in micro-financing: Partners in rural development.
Introduction
         banking with the poor   
        
 
 
 

      NGO MYRADA
In the midst of the apparent inadequacies of the formal financial
  combine lower transaction
Member costs
Name: Ghanisht Member's systemghrdsk@gmail.com
Email address: to cater to the financial needs of the rural poor, NABARD
61.8.129.229
sponsored an action research project in 1987 through an NGO called
and high degree of repayments    MYRADA. For this purpose a grant of Rs. 1 million ($22,222) was
 provided to MYRADA for an R&D programme related to credit groups.
Encouraged by the results of field level experiments in group based

approach for lending to the poor, NABARD launched a Pilot Project in
1991-92 in partnership with Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs)
     for promoting and grooming self help groups (SHGs) of homogeneous
members and making savings from existing banks and within the
      existing legal framework. Steady progress of the pilot project led to the
mainstreaming of the SHG-Bank Linkage Programme in 1996 as a
 normal banking activity of the banks with widespread acceptance.
(Source : Nabard)
     
       

             
bestmethodofcreatingadditionalemploymentandremovingpoverty
             
   
  
            



            
              
 

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SHGlinkageconceptmightbeconsideredasthe
uniquelyIndiancontributiontothefield
Role of NGOs in micro financing
  
       
      
       
      
            
             
        
       

9 
buildingsocialcapital


9 

              

9 






Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229






 
             
 
      
 

9 


9   
      
    

9   
      
    

9               

    
          







 




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Approaches Adopted by NGOs
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com
61.8.129.229

More action-oriented

            



Flexible in methods and practices







Relative independence

             

            

Weakness of NGO movement


Spatial limitation

               

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Lack of good governance and transparency
           
     
 


  


Inability to reach the poorest


             

Lack of accountability


            
   
             

 
      
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's   
Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com     
61.8.129.229






            

 
                 
        
     
            



              

 
              
   
           
                 
       
        

Conclusion

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  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
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Indian Polity: Revisiting Westminster Model


Q 136. "Westminster model of democracy is unsuitable for a stable government in India". Opine.
Context: This question is based upon recent traditions of declaring a PM / CM candidate in India even before the MPs /
MLAs have been elected. This topic essentially pertains to the "Indian Constitution versus other Constitutions" topic in
your syllabus.
First Fundamentals: Comparing Presidential
Member Name: Ghanisht Member'sand Parliamentary
Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com System
61.8.129.229

     
 
     ministers get
their legitimacy from Parliament of India 
        

      
     
       




                
 
presidentialformofdemocracy
            executive
does not form part of nor is appointed by, the parliamentary or legislative body   
            


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181 

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thePresidentis directly elected by the people
                
               
  
              
  
Westminstermodel

             




                
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 

 
                    
 

              
 
             
       should India opt for a Presidential form of
Government?
Basis of Arguments: Looking at Other Constitutions
United States
9              
         
 
            
              



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182 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

WhatstandsasthemostattractivepartofthePresidentialsystem
isthestabilityofthetenureofthePresidentwhichallowshim/hertotakesteadfastandquick
decisions 
             
,thissystemhasworkedas
aneffectively
Germany
9 Germanfederalparliamentary
republic system             
            
            
            

o 

o 
            

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

9 

Sri Lanka
9    
           




   Frenchstyle semipresidential system     
 
               

9 
              

South Korea
9 



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183 

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Coming to Conclusion
             




             
 
              
             

            
Parliamentary form is a basic feature of the Constitution as held by the Supreme Court 

  ParliamentisinapositiontokeepthePrime
Minister and his Ministers under constant vigil through its oversight mechanisms and many other
tools 

              
 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Indian Polity: Pseudosecularism


Q 137. Secularism in Preamble has divided country into pigeon-holes of different isms. Discuss.
Context: I have taken this statement from a recent judgement delivered by Jammu & Kashmir High court allowing a writ
petition by Kashmiri Pandits, who had sought issuance of directions to the state government and other official
respondents (this implies that the writ was mandamus) for protecting and preserving some of their religious places in
the Valley. You can easily answer such question, here I am noting the points sourced from the same verdict. These
points can be raised systematically to present your opinion.

  


           
 
           
 


                 

noneedtobringinthetermsecularism
             


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184 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


              

 
 
 

Problem of Internal Migration in India


Q 138. Critically discuss the extent and causes of internal migration in India. Do you think that the
Government policy is ignoring the migrants? Substantiate your answer.
Context: According to the UNESCO report titled Social inclusion of Internal Migrants in India, internal migrants
constitute roughly about one third of Indias population. This report was released recently and this topic is linked to
"Problems of urbanization" in your syllabus.

               
 

           
                  

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
sonofthesoilsentiments
                
               

      Social inclusion of Internal Migrants in India 
  




          
              

 
 
             
               
 
          

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


185 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
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Reasons of Internal Migration
              

               
 
           Voluntary migration 
Forcedor Distressmigration 
               
 
            



  Member
 
Name: Ghanisht 
Member's Email  
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229    
        
     
          
            
           

Internal Migration and Government Policy
                 
                 

                
             

              
         
             
              
             



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186 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)



              
               
         
               
             

           

 
            


Science and Technology DNA Barcoding


Q 139. What is DNA Barcoding? Discuss its potential applications.
          
      

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


                
            
                 

              
             


DNA Barcoding
 



              

               

               


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


187 

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Potentials

            

 

  

    
       
 
               


  

                  
             
               
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
               
              


  
  
 



            
             



Mudgal Panel on Indian Cinema


Q 140. Write a short note on Mudgal Panels recommendations on Indian Cinema.

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


188 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             
 
 

           
   
  
             


            

                   

              
           

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229




Various Terms Related to Chess Tournaments


Q 141. Describe the meaning of the following terms related to Chess Tournaments: Swiss-system, Round-
robin; Double Round Robin; Scheveningen system; Matchplay; KO; Tiebreak; Armageddon
Swiss-system
              

 





Round-Robin System


           


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189 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Double Round-Robin


Scheveningen system



Match Play


              

KO
                
            
             


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

Tie Breaker



              
                

Armageddon
                   
              





Crisis in Maldives
Brief Historical Background of Maldives
            
 


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190 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

          
    


             
              


 
            
  

 
               
       
       

 
           
  
   Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com
Mohamed Nasheed and Indian Interests
61.8.129.229

 As per the 2008 constitution, which ended 30 years of one party rule of Gayoom, a new
president must be elected by the time the outgoing president's term ends. After ouster of
 Mohamed Nasheed, the presidential elections were held in the Maldives on 7 September
this year. In these elections, no candidate received a majority of the vote so a second round
   
was planned for 28 September, to be contested by former President Mohamed Nasheed and

 Abdulla Yameen after incumbent President Mohammed Waheed Hassan was defeated in the
first round of voting. But on 27 September, Supreme Court cancelled the run-off and
 annulled the first round results. Then, a re-run of the first round was held on 9 November,
 but this again produced similar result to the annulled election, and the run-off was planned
for the following day due to the need to have a new President in place by 11 November.
   However, the run-off was postponed to 16 November by the Supreme Court after Yameen
  claimed he needed more time to campaign. Here we note that, Nasheed is backed by India
and according to experts, return of Nasheed in office helps India to maintain its dominant
 position within its periphery. In February 2013, India gave Nasheed sanctuary in its embassy
in Male to help him avoid arrest.
  
            

             
 

  
           


             



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191 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Q 142. Why there is a political turmoil in Maldives in recent times? What are Indian interests in Maldives? Do
you think that the growing Chinese economic and naval influence in the Maldives is the part of evolving
reality of the Indian Ocean basin? Discuss.
Political Crisis


   
        

              

  



              
               
              
             
coupd'etat
Maldives and Indian Influence / Interests
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

              

               
          
 
              



             
                
  
             
   de facto       
 
           
 

 
           
 
Maldives and Chinese Influence

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192 

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      India Maldives Relations Basic Facts
India and Maldives established diplomatic relations after the
       
independence of Maldives from British rule in 1966. The
 relations between the two countries have been cordial and
         supportive to each other since then.
Wherever possible, India has been offering assistance to
        
Maldives in its developmental process. Some of the notable
      projects in Maldives done with the Indian help include the
  Indira Gandhi Memorial Hospital (IGMH), Maldives Institute of
         Technical Education (MITE) etc. Similarly, State Bank of India
has played a vital role in the development of this tiny nation
Stringofpearls
since 1974 whereby the largest bank of India provided loan
softpower,includingeconomicpower. assistance for promotion of island resorts, export development
      and business enterprises.

      After the 2004 Tsunami, India was the first country to send
relief and aid to Maldives. Since 1981, we have a trade

agreement which provides for export of essential commodities.
       India and Maldives have strong cultural links. A few years back,
 three historical61.8.129.229
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com mosques in Maldives were successfully
restored by Indian experts. The Indians make second largest
   
 
expatriate community in Maldives with a total strength of
       around 28000. Indian expatriates include doctors, nurses and
 technicians, teachers, construction workers, tailors, etc. spread
       all over the country.

       
              

 
 
  

           
  
  


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193 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Maldives and Non-state Terrorism Threat to India


Q 143. Instability in Maldives may lead to threats, particularly from terrorist groups and other non-state
actors to India. Comment.

              

         Idara KhidmateKhalq    


              

                 
       
 

   

   
Member Name: Ghanisht Email
Member's 
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com     
61.8.129.229

 
               
 
             

 

 

 

PAC report on activities of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board


Q 144. What are the major problems highlighted by the recent PAC report on activities of Atomic Energy
Regulatory Board? Discuss.
recentPACreport
shouldgettheautonomousstatus
limitedhumanresourceshasfailedtodevelopsafetypolicy,standards,codesand
guides.
            


2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


194 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

            
 
emergencypreparednessisinadequate,


            



            

              

            


            
              
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


x 
x 
x 

Infosys US Visa Fraud Issue


Q 145. Comment on the recent Infosys Visa fraud row and its implications.
                
         
         

What is the case?
         
        
        
  
              

civilsuitwasfiledagainstthecompany  

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


195 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
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               not because it has done


anythingwrongitwantedtoavoidthenuisanceofprolongedlitigation 


Comment
x  

x 

x theantiIndiaopinion
of US public           

x               



Recent SC Judgement in T S R Subramaniam and Others versus Union of India


Q 146. Formal rules are only a small part of what makes the entire machinery function. Discuss critically in
the light of recent Supreme Court Judgment
Member Name: Ghanishtin T S REmail
Member's Subramaniam and Others
address: ghrdsk@gmail.com vs Union of India.
61.8.129.229

            TSR Subramaniam and


Others vs Union of India           
               
           Journey Through Babudom and
Netaland  

Article32
 
            

           Hota Committee
SanthanamCommitteeJhaCommisison 
writtoorder 

x  CivilServiceBoard

x 
x 


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196 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
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x 


               

x 

              

x 
x 
How this Judgement is important?
x 
 
        
               
    Raju Narayanaswamy      
ArunBhatia
UmaShankar
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

           
Poonam Malakondaiah           
 Mugdha Sinha          

x                

             

x 


Implications of the Judgement


x 
           
          views of the board could be
overruledbythepoliticalexecutive
         

x  
             

2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


197 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             

x            
          
 
            
 
               

x             
              


Points for Critical Appraisal
x 
             
PrakashSinghandOrsvsUnionofIndia
  police reform
Member Name: 
Ghanisht Member's 
Email address:  
ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229   



x      already exists in incipient form   
 



ownagendasandgetintopatron
client relationships with politicians        
 quid pro quo 
preferredpositing
             

x 
           block the will of
representative government          
            
              


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198 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2013.


Q 147. Discuss the legal issues around surrogacy in India. Throw light on the major features of the Assisted
Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2013.
 
            
          
 

x 
x 
x 
x      Surrogacy agreement     
             




x   
Member  Member's
Name: Ghanisht 
Email address:
ghrdsk@gmail.com 
61.8.129.229     

  

 
x 
          
 
x 
         

x               
               

x 
 



Objective of Bill:

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199 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 

Definition of surrogacy
x               



Safety and welfare of surrogate mothers
x 
x thanthree

x 

x 

x 
 
Streamlining financial Commitments
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com
61.8.129.229

x 


             

x 

Prevention of commercialisation
x 
Foreign Couples
x 


x  

x 
x                 

Regulation of ART Clinics

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200 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x stateboardsandregistration
authority
x                

National Advisory Board
x              

x 
              


Jayadevan Method and DuckworthLewis method in Cricket


Q 148. Differentiate between the Jayadevan Method and DuckworthLewis method used in Cricket.
   VJD method         
              
   
 
 
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x            

  
           
              

x 
            

 



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201 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)




NFC and Bluetooth


Q 149. What is Near Field Communication? How it works?
              
           
 
           
               
             

How it works?
x  

x             

x  
              
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x               
             

Differentiate between NFC and Bluetooth.

Parameters Near Field Communication Bluetooth


Range < 0.2 meters (Less) ~10 m (More)
Data Transfer 424 kbps (Less) 2.1 mbps (More)
rate
Set up time <0.1 second (Less) <0.6 Second (More)
Power Less More
Consumption
Power Comparatively Low Comparatively High
Requirement
Frequency 13.56 MHz (Low) 2.42.5 GHz (High)
Operation Slower Faster
speed
Standardisation ISO/IEC ISO/IEC Bluetooth SIG
Body

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202 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Network Type Point-to-point WPAN


Device Pairing Not required Required
Connection set Automatic Manual
up
Application File Sharing, sharing e- Mainly used for data exchange
Business Cards, sharing e- over shared network, can not be
Money, mobile gaming, Social used at POS.
Networking Sites, POS
terminals.

Silk Road on Internet


What is Silk Road in context with Internet?
x       online underground black market     
  amazon.com for drugs         

x               
            

x     Dread Pirate Roberts      


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x   
             
             


Minimata Convention on Mercury


Q 150. What are the hazards of Mercury? On what ground India chose not to sign the recent Minamata
Convention for phasing out mercury? List its salient features.
Hazards of Mercury
 







           
              

The Minamata Convention

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203 

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x 
x 
x 
x              


Minamata highlights
Banned
x 
x                

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x 
x 
x        

x               

Exempted
x 
x 
x 
x 
x 
x 
x 
Regulated
x 
x            

x 

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204 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x            

Why India did not join the treaty?
                  

No emission targets:

Mercury-free devices :


          

               



            
 
 
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Concerns Regarding Pentavalent Vaccine


Q 151. What are the concerns regarding the pentavalent vaccine introduced in India recently? Discuss.
              
 

 
        Pentavalent Vaccine
        The pentavalent vaccine simultaneously
provides protection against the five childhood
         diseases Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus,
         Hepatitis B and Hib (Haemophilus influenza
type b). DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus) and
        Hepatitis B are already part of the national
routine immunisation programme. Protection
      against Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib),
       which causes severe pneumonia, meningitis
and other life-threatening conditions in
   children less than five years of age, is a new
         addition.

                 

       National Adverse Events Following
Immunization Committee            

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205 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

 The National Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation


(NTAGI) has recommended scale-up of the pentavalent vaccine across the country, along with activities to monitor
potential adverse effects.
  
              
            
 

Comment on Adverse Effects
            

couldnotascertainthatthevaccinewasthecauseofdeaths.
Itwasalsofoundthatofthechildrenwhohavediedaftervaccination,manyhadpreexistingailments,
suchas congenital heart disease. In such cases,thelackof awarenessamongparents,andmidwives
andhealthworkerswhoadministerthevaccine,isthemainrisk,notthedrugitself. 
              
             
            
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Marine Sanctuaries in Antarctica


Q 152. Discuss the objectives of the planned ocean sanctuaries in Antarctica. On what grounds such plan has
failed?

              
            
             

             

ProposalI:SanctuaryintheRossSea
x 


ProposalII:SanctuaryoffEastAntarctica
x  
 
duetooppositionfromRussiaandChina.

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206 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

IOR-ARC
Q 153. Discuss the strategic importance of Indian Ocean. What are the common challenges faced by the IOR-
ARC members?
  

              

             
   

              
 
 

Objectives of IOR-ARC:
x 
x 

x            
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Strategic Importance
                  
 
 50%oftheworldscontainertraffic 

 

              
      
      
                

            


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207 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Common Challenges

x 
x 
x  
x 
x 
x 

x 
 


2+2 Mechanism
Q 154. Write a short note on 2+2 Mechanism in international affairs.

          Russia and Japan 
              
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Indo-Japan 2+2
  
            
          
           
            
  

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208 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Issues on Separate Pay Commission for Military


Q 155. "There is an urgent need for a separate pay commission for Military. Discuss.
               




          


 
hasalsoannouncedtosetupaseparatePCforthedefenceforces.

              
  


            
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209 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


              


Pros & Cons


              

Other important points
x 
x  
x 
x 
x 
x               

x 
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x 


Recent decisions regarding Western Ghats


Q 156. Discuss the recently taken decisions regarding the conservation of the Western Ghats.




 
           
KasturiranganPanel


x              


x  
              

x            
          


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210 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 

x 
         
 

x                



x 

x  


x 

           

 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

x                

So, once the notification is in place, mining, quarrying, thermal power plants and highly polluting
industries will be banned in 60,000 sq km of the Ghats.       

Regarding Panels

Madhav Gadgil Panel

 


entireWesternGhatsshouldbedeclaredecologicallysensitive
area (ESA) and proposed that the Ghatsbe categorised in three zones with different degrees of
protection.

            
  

Kasturirangan Panel

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211 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

              
 
           


     
      




              


Ambitious Solar Power Targets


Q 157. Do you think that the government target of 20 GW of solar power by 2022 is too ambitious? Discuss
what are the practical problems to achieve the above target?



 
 

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229



Indias solar energy market is distorted and monopolized by China and the USA.
              

              
                
             
               
 
 
 


 



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212 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

             


 

India lacks in quality and quantity of solar cell manufacturing
               
  


A complex tax structure also makes domestic cell production costly and unviable.

               


              
             
 
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Benefits of Space Missions


Q 158. What are the "tangible benefits" of space missions? Discuss.


               
             

Satellite based Telecommunication services
                

Weather systems
            
              
 
             

Navigation systems


 

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213 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)



Research and development








Legal status of Unbanked Direct Blood Transfusion (UDBT)


Q 159. There is an urgent need to legalise the "unbanked direct blood transfusion (UDBT) in India. Discuss.
                

               
              

             
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

                
                

  
 



                

x               
            

x 
 

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214 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Sanitation and Rural Urban Divide


Q 160. Sanitation in India has a clear urban-rural divide. Comment.
   
        

 
 


 
                

     
        
                


Vishvanathan Anands Contribution to Chess


Q 161. Write a short note on: Vishwanathan Anand's Achievements
 
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

  



 
 34grandmasters,76internationalmastersandhundredsofFIDEmasters 
                 

            


               

            
                




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215 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

The Abhay Bhang Committee


Q 162. Write a short note on : Abhay Bhang Committee.
  
            
amongthetribalpopulationofIndia



x 
x            

x             
  
      
            

Some facts from Census 2001


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Stocks with reference to Climate Change Negotiations


Q 163. What do you means by the term "stocks" with reference to the climate change negotiations? Do you
think that Future emission reduction targets should be fixed on the basis of stocks?
Stocksrefertotheemissionsaccumulatedintheatmospheresofar.
 


  
            
              

             


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216 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)




 

 
             

              

               
             
             
(InputsfromTheHindu,November4,
2013)

EU resolution recognizing caste-based discrimination


Q 164. Write a short note on recent EU resolution recognizing caste-based discrimination and discrimination.
          castebased
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discriminationanddiscriminationbasedonworkanddescentasaviolationofhumanrightsandan
obstacletodevelopment.
             
             

             
            

 
 
 

2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry


Q 165. Write a note on contribution of Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel in the field of
Chemistry.
          computer models that
predictcomplexchemicalreactionsthatcanbeusedfortaskslikecreatingnewdrugs
            


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217 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Their Contribution

             
      
      Chemists used to create models of molecules
using plastic balls and sticks. Today, the
        modelling is carried out in computers. In the
       1970s, Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh
Warshel laid the foundation for the powerful
        programs that are used to understand and predict
chemical processes. Computer models mirroring
      real life have become crucial for most advances
        made in chemistry today.


          





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Martin Karplus
         Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
(NMR) 
simulationsofbiologicalmacromolecules 
           


Michael Levitt

         

Arieh Warshel
            


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218 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Pursuit Project
Q 166. What is the so called Pursuit Project? What are its objectives?
        future
internet      Internet of Today
Internet of today is basically based on the
Pursuit "talk" of the client devices (such as
 computer, laptop and smart phones) with
the server. The device gets the data such
      creates a peertopeer as html pages, images, videos etc. from the
sharingofcontent  servers which are used initially to store the
data. For example, all data of gktoday is
         hosted currently on a powerful computer
at datacentre of Hosgator in US. We are
 able to visit the site, because our client
 devices are able to talk to that server and
fetch data from it.

             
 
            
                 

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Indian History: Sardar Patels Secularism


Q 167. Sardar Patel was fully committed to secularism and was a staunch opponent of communalism.
Comment.

 


          
  
wemustnotforget
that there are other minorities whose protection is our
primaryresponsibility 
talkofaHindu
Rastrawasamadidea Oursisasecularstateandwecannotfashionour
politicsinthewayPakistanisdoingit.HereeveryMuslimshouldfeelthatheisanIndiancitizenand
hasequalrightsasanIndianIfwecannotmakeaMuslimfeellikethis,we
shallnotbeworthyofourheritageandourcountry
                 
 
His views on RSS:

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219 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

               
  

hehadreportsthatacommunalenvironmentwascreatedduetoactivitiesofthelater,




Traveling Wave Reactor (TWR)


Q 168. What is the Traveling Wave Reactor (TWR)? What are its potentials?



               







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NMR Spectroscopy
Q 169. Discuss various applications of NMR Spectroscopy.
          


9                

9 
9 
9 
9         

9 

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220 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

Applications of NMR Spectroscopy


 

           
        
 

Iran Nuclear Deal Key Points


Q 170. Discuss the salient issues agreed upon in the recent interim agreement on Irans nuclear programme.
How it affects India?
 

interimagreement 
Geneva agreement
itimposeslimitsandrollbacksonIran'snuclearprogrammeinexchangeforamodesteasingof
sanctionswortharoundUSD7Billion.
Objectives of this agreement
totakethefirststep 

Key Points

 
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dejure defacto


 
  
 


 
                 
 



2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


221 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

India and this deal


               
  
               

                  
PuneetTalwar
        
      
 

Smart Grid
Q 171. How Smart Grid is different from traditional power grid? Enumerate its advantages.
         
   

basicobjectiveofthesmartgridisthatconsumersshouldparticipateintheproject

             
 
 Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229




Key decisions at Warsaw Climate Talks


Q 172. Discuss the key decisions taken at the recently held Warsaw climate talks.
               

WarsawInternationalMechanism
             
 
              









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222 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

           




               


Food Security Bill and Peace Clause Agreement


Q 173. By rejecting the Peace Clause Agreement India is trying to guard its farmers' livelihood and people's
right to food. Discuss.
 


What is Peace Clause?
             

               


Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

            

           

               
   
  
              

What the peace clause agreement holds?
             
   
               
               
 
          
    
              
 

Why there is a demand to reject peace clause?

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223 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)


 
 
              
           

What are the concerns of India?
x  

x             
  

x              

x  
x 
What was Indias proposal?
    G/AG/NG/W/102,       
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

 
 
                
           
                


Current Trends in India Vietnam Relations


Q 174. Hanoi is gradually becoming the linchpin of this eastward move by New Delhi. Discuss.
Context
 
 of the
            

x 
x  
 
 
x 
x 
x   

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224 

  Target 2014 - Current General Studies
Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x            

x 



x 

x              
 
x  
x 
 
 
PointsforAnswer:
 
              
              
                
               

Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229

  



             
                
             
                
  
 



Analysing the Import Substitution


Q 175. What is Import Substitution? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages.


           
 

           

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225 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

                
          


 
 


Advantages:             
          

Disadvantages:           
              



Various methods of Artificial Recharge of Ground Water


Q 176. What are the various methods of artificially recharging the Ground Water?
Member Name: Ghanisht Member's Email address: ghrdsk@gmail.com 61.8.129.229


 
          


              


x 
x 
x 
x 
                

              
                
 


x 

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226 

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Module-0: June-December 2013 (Mains-2013) CGS Compendium)

x 
x 
x 

 








The above content was compiled from the Current General Studies (CGS) Documents of Target 2013 Mains
Programme conducted by GKToday (www.gktoday.in) during June to December 2013.


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227